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# 3/4/2014

REFERENCE BOOK
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

ERNA WIDYASTUTI
6.

M. ILHAM BAHRUNSJAH

Design Strength

Steel Connection
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Bracing Connection
Beam Column Connection (pin)
Beam Beam Connection (Splice)
B
Beam
Column
C l
C
Connection
ti (E
(End
d Pl
Plate)
t )
Column Rafter Connection
Rafter Rafter Connection
Base Plate Connection (Pin)
Base Plate Connection (Fix)

factor values
Strength

## AISC 360-10 Specification for Structural Steel Building

AISC Design Example Version 14.0, 2011
AISC Steel Design Guide 1 Base Plate and Anchor
Rod Design 2nd edition, 2006
AISC Steel Design Guide 4 Extended End Plate
Moment Connection 2nd edition, 2003
AISC MBMA Steel Design Guide 16 Flush and
Extended Multiple Row Moment End Plate
Connection, 2003
ACI 318-11 Building Code Requirements for Structural
Concrete and Commentary

Safety factor
()

Resistance factor
()

Tensile
Yield
Rupture

1,67
2

0,90
0 75
0,75

Shear
Yield
Rupture

1,5
2

1
0,75

Block Shear

0,75

Compression

1,67

0,9

Ra Rn /
(ASD)
Where
Ra
= Required Strength
Rn
= Nominal Strength

= Safety Factor
Rn / = Allowable Strength
Ru Rn
(LRFD)
Where
Ru
= Required Strength
Rn
= Nominal Strength

= Resistance factor
Rn
= Design Strength

BOLT CONNECTION
Bolt holes (Table J3.3 or J3.3M AISC 360-10)

3/4/2014

## Minimum spacing (Sect J3.3 AISC 360-10)

= 8/3 d
Minimum edge distance (Table J3.4 or J3.4M AISC 360-10)

## High Strength Bolts in Slip-Critical

Connection (Section J3.8 AISC 360-10)
Rn = .Du.hf.Tb.ns
Where:

## = slip coefficient, for class A surface = 0.3

Du = 1.13
Tb = minimum fastener tension (Table J3.1 or Table
J3.1M)
hf
= hole factor = 1
Ns = number of slip planes

= 1,5 (ASD)

= 1 (LRFD)

## Bolt Friction Capacity

ASD

LRFD

Weld
Minimum size of fillet weld ( Table J2.4 AISC 360-10)

## AFFECTED ELEMENTS OF MEMBER AND

CONNECTING ELEMENTS (Sec. J4 AISC 360-10)
1.

## Strength of elements in tension

For tensile yielding of elements
Rn = Ag.fy
where :
Ag = gross area (mm2)
fy = yield stress (MPa)
For tensile rupture of elements
Rn = Ae. fu
where :
Ae = net area (mm2) for bolted splice plate, Ae= An 0,85 Ag
fu = rupture stress (MPa)

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2.

## Strength of Elements in Shear

For shear yielding of the elements
Rn = 0,6.fy.Agv
where :
Agv
= gross area subject to shear (mm2)
fy
= yield stress (Mpa)
For shear rupture of the elements
Rn = 0,6.fu.Anv
where :
Anv
= net area subject to shear (mm2)
fu
= rupture stress (Mpa)

3.

## Block Shear Strength

Rn = 0,6 fu.Anv + Ubs.fu.Ant 0,6.fy.Agv + Ubs.fu.Ant
Where:
fu
= rupture stress (MPa)
Anv
= net area subject to shear (mm2)
Ubs
= 1 (when the tension stress is uniform)
0,5 (when the tension stress is non uniform)
Ant
= net area subject to tension (mm2)
fy
= yield stress (MPa)
Agv
= gross area subject to shear (mm2)

## FLOW CHART TO DESIGN BRACING CONNECTION

Define material properties
- material characteristic of steel, bolt and weld
- material section of member
- gusset thickness and weld thickness

based on code

to member

BRACING (2L,2C)

Bracing

## Distance each connector :

(Ka/ri )single tee 0,75 (KL/rmin)double tee
Where:
K
= effective length factor
a
= distance between connectors
gyration of individual component
p
ri
rmin
= minimum radius of gyration of build up member
L
= laterally unbrace length of the member

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ANGLE BRACING

CHANNEL BRACING

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## Design of Splice Connection

1. Web Plate Splice

## Flow Chart to Design Splice

Calculate static moment of
member (Sx )

## Beam pin connection shear

2. Flange Plate Splice
Tension and moment

## Calculate remain tension flange based

on splice web plate of beam pin
connection
Define number bolt for one
flange

## Define thickness of splice

flange plate

Checked capacity of
connection

## Design Splice Web

Shear Capacity by member and plate
Yield shear
Rn = Ag.fy
; = 1.5
Rupture shear
Rn = An.fu
; = 2
2. Shear Capacity by bolt
Rn = m x n x Fv
3. Block shear by member
Rn = 0,6 fu.Anv + Ubs.fu.Ant 0,6.fy.Agv + Ubs.fu.Ant
4. Bearing by bolt and plate
Rn = 2.4Fu x db x t
Rn = 1.2Fu x Lc x t
1.

1.
2.
3.
4
4.

## Calculate static moment of member (Sx)

Calculate tension at one flange (T)
Tf = Ag.fy/ , = 1.67
Design number of bolt at one flange, = Tf/ Fv
Design thickness of splice plate

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6.

## Check capacity of splice flange plate

Tension
- Yield
Ra = Ag.fy/
Rupture
Ra = An.fu/
Block shear
R = 0,6
Rn
0 6 fu.Anv
f A + Ubs.fu.Ant
Ub f A t 0,6.fy.Agv
06f A +
Ubs.fu.Ant ; = 2
Check capacity of Bolt T = n x Fv

7.

8.

## Check connection Capacity

Shear
Connection Capacity = Q min (shear,block shear,bearing)
Moment
Connection Capacity = M min (M1-M3)

WF SPLICE

## (AISC Steel Design Guide 4 2nd edition,2003)

1.

Design Step
Compute the moment at
the connected member

## Select the type of end plate moment

connection, and define the connection

Determine the
required bolt diameter

2.
Check beam flange force
at one row bolt to
allowable shear yielding

## Check beam flange force at

one row bolt to allowable
shear rupture

Calculate the
factored beam
flange force

## Calculate end plate

stiffener thickness

Calculate web
buckling strength

Calculate local
web yielding
strength

Calculate web
crippling strength

Determine stiffener
design force (if any)

Determine the
required end plate
thickness

Calculate the no
prying bolt moment
strength, Mnp

## Check compression bolt

shear rupture strength

Calculate strength of
unstiffened column flange to
determine stiffener design force

3.

## Compute the moment at the connected member

M = 1,1 Fy Ry Zx
1,1 = (Fu+Fy)/Fy
Ry = 1,5 (for Fy = 50 Ksi)
= 1,1 (for Fy = 36 Ksi)
Zx = Plastic moment of member
Define type of end plate connection (4E, 4ES, 8E, 8ES, or 16E), then
define connection geometry ( g,pfi,pfo,pb,etc)
Determine the required bolt diameter

Check compression
bolts bearing/ tear out

## Check the column

flange for flexural
welding

beam
column

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4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

## Determine end plate stiffener thickness and length and design

stiffener welds (if any)

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10.

11.

14.

16.

17.

12.

13
13.

## Calculate strength of unstiffened column flange to determine

stiffener design force

15.

WF END PLATE

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## DESIGN BASE PLATE CONNECTION

(AISC Steel Design Guide 1 second edition,2006)

RAFTER RAFTER

Define member
properties

## Calculate allowable compress

of beam, concrete, and weld

## Calculate allowable bearing strength

0.85fc A1/c A2/A1 1.7 fc A1/ c
A1 = N x B; A2 = PN x PB; c = 2,31

## Define base plate properties

m = N-0.95 d / 2
n=B-0.8 bf / 2
n = d bf / 4
X = (4d bf/(d+bf)2) c Pa /Pp
=2X / (1+1-X) 1
l= max (m, n, n)

Type HA

Type HF

Type HB

plate (N x B)
A1 req = c.Pa
c Pa /0.85
/0 85 ffcc
c = 2,31

## Define base plate thickness

tmin = l (3.33 fpa/ Fy)
Fpa = Pa/BN

Type HC

Type LA

## Calculate allowable shear of

beam, bolt, and weld

Type HD

Type LB

Type CA

Type HE

Type CB

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Type HA

Type HB

Type LA

Type HC

Type CA

Type HD

Type CB

TERIMA KASIH

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