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10/30/2015

TheAceStudent:STAT230FinalExamination,Summer2015OL1/US1

STAT230FinalExamination,Summer2015OL1/US1
STAT230FinalExamination,Summer2015OL1/US1
STAT230FinalExamination,Summer2015OL1/US1

Thefinalexamwillbepostedat12:01amonJuly10,anditisdueat11:59pmonJuly12,2015.
EasternTimeisourreferencetime.Thisisanopenbookexam.Youmayrefertoyourtextand
othercoursematerialsasyouworkontheexam,andyoumayuseacalculator.Youmustcomplete
theexamindividually.Neithercollaborationnorconsultationwithothersisallowed.
Answerall25questions.Makesureyouranswersareascompleteaspossible.Showallofyour
workandreasoning.Inparticular,whentherearecalculationsinvolved,youmustshowhowyou
comeupwithyouranswerswithcriticalworkand/ornecessarytables.Answersthatcomestraight
fromprogramsorsoftwarepackageswillnotbeaccepted.Ifyouneedtousesoftware(forexample,
Excel)and/oronlineorhandheldcalculatorstoaidinyourcalculation,pleasecitethesourcesand
explainhowyougettheresults.Recordyouranswersandworkontheseparateanswersheet
provided.Thisexamhas250totalpoints.
YoumustincludetheHonorPledgeonthetitlepageofyoursubmittedfinalexam.Exams
submittedwithouttheHonorPledgewillnotbeaccepted.
1.TrueorFalse.Justifyforfullcredit.(25pts)
(a)Ifalltheobservationsinadatasetareidentical,thenthevarianceforthisdatasetiszero.
(b)IfP(A)=0.4andP(B)=0.5,thenP(AANDB)=0.2.
(c)Themeanisalwaysequaltothemedianforanormaldistribution.
(d)A95%confidenceintervaliswiderthana90%confidenceintervalofthesameparameter.
(e)Inatwotailedhypothesistestingatsignificancelevelof0.05,theteststatisticiscalculated
as
2.IfP(X>2)=0.03,thenwehavesufficientevidencetorejectthenullhypothesis.
RefertothefollowingfrequencydistributionforQuestions2,3,4,and5.Showallwork.Justthe
answer,withoutsupportingwork,willreceivenocredit.Arandomsampleof100studentswas
chosenfromUMUCSTAT230classes.Thefrequencydistributionbelowshowsthedistributionfor
studytimeeachweek(inhours).StudyTime(inhours)FrequencyRelativeFrequency
0.04.95
5.09.913
10.014.9
0.22
15.019.942
20.024.9
Total100
2.Completethefrequencytablewithfrequencyandrelativefrequency.(5pts)
3.Whatpercentageofthestudytimeswasatleast15hours?(5pts)
4.Inwhatclassintervalmustthemedianlie?Explainyouranswer.(5pts)
5.Doesthisdistributionhavepositiveskewornegativeskew?Why?(5pts)
RefertothefollowinginformationforQuestions6,7,and8.Showallwork.Justtheanswer,
withoutsupportingwork,willreceivenocredit.
Afair6faceddieisrolledtwotimes.LetAbetheeventthattheoutcomeofthefirstrollisa
multipleof3,andBbetheeventthattheoutcomeofsecondrollisgreaterthan4.
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6.Howmanyoutcomesarethereinthesamplespace?(5pts)
7.Whatistheprobabilitythattheoutcomeofthesecondrollisgreaterthan4,giventhatthefirst
rollisamultipleof3?(10pts)
8.AreAandBindependent?Whyorwhynot?(5pts)RefertothefollowingsituationforQuestions
9,10,and11.ThefivenumbersummarybelowshowsthegradedistributionoftwoSTAT230
quizzes.MinimumQ1MedianQ3Maximum
Quiz112406095100
Quiz220355090100
Foreachquestion,giveyouranswerasoneofthefollowing:(a)Quiz1(b)Quiz2(c)Bothquizzes
havethesamevaluerequested(d)Itisimpossibletotellusingonlythegiveninformation.Then
explainyouranswerineachcase.(5ptseach)
9.Whichquizhaslessinterquartilerangeingradedistribution?
10.Whichquizhasthegreaterpercentageofstudentswithgrades90andover?
11.Whichquizhasagreaterpercentageofstudentswithgradeslessthan60?
RefertothefollowinginformationforQuestions12and13.Showallwork.Justtheanswer,without
supportingwork,willreceivenocredit.Thereare1000juniorsinacollege.Amongthe1000juniors,
300studentsaretakingSTAT230,and150studentsaretakingPSYC300.Thereare50students
takingbothcourses.
12.Whatistheprobabilitythatarandomlyselectedjunioristakingatleastoneofthesetwo
courses?(10pts)
13.WhatistheprobabilitythatarandomlyselectedjunioristakingSTAT230,giventhat
he/sheistakingPSYC300?(10pts)
14.Thereare8booksintheStatisticsisFunseries.Mimiwouldliketochoose2booksfromthe
seriesforhersummerreading.Howmanydifferentwayscanthetwobooksbeselected?(5pts)
15.Letrandomvariablexrepresentthenumberofgirlsinafamilyofthreechildren.
(a)Constructatabledescribingtheprobabilitydistribution.(5pts)
(b)Determinethemeanandstandarddeviationofx.(Roundtheanswertotwodecimalplaces)(10
pts)
16.RabbitsliketoeatthecucumbersinMimisgarden.Thereare10cucumbersinhergarden
whichwillbereadytoharvestinabout10days.Basedonherexperience,theprobabilityofa
cucumberbeingeatenbytherabbitsbeforeharvestis0.60.Showallwork.Justtheanswer,without
supportingwork,willreceivenocredit.
(a)LetXbethenumberofcucumbersthatMimiharvests(thatis,thenumberofcucumbersnot
eatenbyrabbits).Asweknow,thedistributionofXisabinomialprobabilitydistribution.Whatisthe
numberoftrials(n),probabilityofsuccesses(p)andprobabilityoffailures(q),respectively?
(5pts)
(b)FindtheprobabilitythatMimiharvestsatleast2ofthe10cucumbers.(roundtheanswerto3
decimalplaces)(10pts)
(c)Howmanycucumberscansheexpecttoharvest?(5pts)
RefertothefollowinginformationforQuestions17,18,and19.Showallwork.Justtheanswer,
withoutsupportingwork,willreceivenocredit.
Theheightsofpecantreesarenormallydistributedwithameanof10feetandastandarddeviation
offeet.
17.Whatistheprobabilitythatarandomlyselectedpecantreeisbetween9and12feettall?(10
pts)
18.Findthe80thpercentileofthepecantreeheightdistribution.(5pts)
19.Ifarandomsampleof225pecantreesisselected,whatisthestandarddeviationofthesample
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mean?(5pts)
20.Arandomsampleof100SATscoreshasasamplemeanof1500.AssumethatSAT
scoreshaveapopulationstandarddeviationof300.Constructa95%confidenceintervalestimate
ofthemeanSATscores.Showallwork.Justtheanswer,withoutsupportingwork,willreceive
nocredit.(10pts)
21.Considerthehypothesistestgivenby
:0.5
:0.5
1
0
Hp
Hp
Inarandomsampleof100subjects,thesampleproportionisfoundtobep0.47.
(a)Determinetheteststatistic.Showallworkwritingthecorrectteststatistic,withoutsupporting
work,willreceivenocredit.
(b)Determinethepvalueforthistest.ShowallworkwritingthecorrectPvalue,withoutsupporting
work,willreceivenocredit.
(c)IstheresufficientevidencetojustifytherejectionofH0atthe0.01level?Explain.(15pts)
22.Mimiwascuriousifregularexcisereallyhelpsweightloss,henceshedecidedtoperforma
hypothesistest.Arandomsampleof5UMUCstudentswaschosen.Thestudentstooka30minute
exerciseeverydayfor6months.Theweightwasrecordedforeachindividualbeforeandafterthe
exerciseregimen.Doesthedatabelowsuggestthattheregularexercisehelpsweightloss?
Weight(pounds)
SubjectBeforeAfter
1159130
2170160
3185180
4165165
5200190
Assumewewanttousea0.01significanceleveltotesttheclaim.
(a)Identifythenullhypothesisandthealternativehypothesis.
(b)Determinetheteststatistic.Showallworkwritingthecorrectteststatistic,withoutsupporting
work,willreceivenocredit.
(c)Determinethepvalue.Showallworkwritingthecorrectcriticalvalue,withoutsupportingwork,
willreceivenocredit.
(d)Istheresufficientevidencetosupporttheclaimthatregularexercisehelpsweightloss?Justify
yourconclusion.(20pts)
23.ASTAT230instructorisinterestedinwhetherthereisanyvariationinthefinalexamgrades
betweenhertwoclassesDatacollectedfromthetwoclassesareasfollows:Hernullhypothesis
andalternativehypothesisare:
(a)Determinetheteststatistic.Showallworkwritingthecorrectteststatistic,withoutsupporting
work,willreceivenocredit.
(b)Determinethepvalueforthistest.ShowallworkwritingthecorrectPvalue,withoutsupporting
work,willreceivenocredit.
(c)IstheresufficientevidencetojustifytherejectionofH0atthesignificancelevelof
0.05?Explain.
(10pts)
24.Arandomsampleof4professionalathletesproducedthefollowingdatawherexisthenumber
ofendorsementstheplayerhasandyistheamountofmoneymade(inmillionsofdollars).
x0135
y1238
(a)Findanequationoftheleastsquaresregressionline.Showallworkwritingthecorrect
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equation,withoutsupportingwork,willreceivenocredit.(15pts)
(b)Basedontheequationfrompart(a),whatisthepredictedvalueofyifx=4?Showallworkand
justifyyouranswer.(5pts)
25.TheUMUCDailyNewsreportedthatthecolordistributionforplainM&Mswas:40%brown,
20%yellow,20%orange,10%green,and10%tan.Eachpieceofcandyinarandomsampleof100
plainM&Mswasclassifiedaccordingtocolor,andtheresultsarelistedbelow.Usea0.05
significanceleveltotesttheclaimthatthepublishedcolordistributioniscorrect.Showallworkand
justifyyouranswer.ColorBrownYellowOrangeGreenTan
Number422112718
(a)Identifythenullhypothesisandthealternativehypothesis.
(b)Determinetheteststatistic.Showallworkwritingthecorrectteststatistic,withoutsupporting
work,willreceivenocredit.
(c)Determinethepvalue.Showallworkwritingthecorrectcriticalvalue,withoutsupportingwork,
willreceivenocredit.
(d)Istheresufficientevidencetosupporttheclaimthatthepublishedcolordistributioniscorrect?
Justifyyouranswer.(15pts)
STAT230FinalExamination,Summer2015OL1/US1

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