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Marine Drilling Course

DAY ONE
Introduction

INTRODUCTION TO OFFSHORE DRILLING RIGS AND MARINE DRILLING ACTIVITIES


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Introduction and Background. General arrangement, operational capability and drilling
equipment facilities on typical fixed platforms, jackups, barges, drillships and semisubmersibles; operating and standby or survival condition for mobile platforms; mooring
procedure and station keeping for semisubmersible and drill ships. In particular the
course entails the following:

GLOBAL ENERGY REVIEW


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World Oil Reserves and Production. World Gas Reserves and Production. What Oil Price?
World Energy Consumption. The Important Future for Gas and LNG. Alternative Energy
Approaches

Offshore Drilling Rigs

JACK-UP RIGS
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Background, jacking mechanism, spud cans, moveable cantilever, drill derrick and several
examples of jackup drilling rigs including general layout and storage capacity and rig
regulations.

SEMI-SUBMERSIBLE DRILLING RIGS


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Background, vessel details and semisubmersible examples including general layout for
equipment and storages, vessel motions and motion compensation devices and rig
regulations.

DRILL SHIPS
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Background, vessel details and drill ship examples including general layout for equipment
and storages, vessel motions and motion compensation devices and rig regulations.
Drillship examples.

DRILLING BARGES / TENDER ASSISTED DRILLING


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Drilling Barges. Examples. Tender Assisted Drilling. Vessels and how they work. Examples.

Drilling Rig Components & Operation

DRILLING RIG COMPONENTS


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Drilling Power System. Hoisting Systems. Rotating Systems. Pipe handling system:

DRILLSTRING DESIGN AND REQUIREMENTS


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Drill pipes, collars and stabilisers, bottomhole assembly etc.

DAY TWO

DRILLING MUDS AND CEMENTS SYSTEMS


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Background and Requirements. Mud Formulations.
Equipment. Casing Cements. Cementing methods

Circulation Equipment.

Mud cleaning

Drilling Offshore Wells

DRILLING REQUIREMENTS FOR PLATFORMS & PRODUCTION HOSTS (SPARS & TLPs)
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General requirements, drilling guides and templates, well Control and well completion.

OFFSHORE DRILLING COMPONENTS


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Drilling template, temporary and permanent guide bases, guide wire and guide line less
systems, subsea wellheads including subsea BOPs, marine riser, LRP, motion compensation
and drilling control system.

BLOWOUT PREVENTORS

Integral components and operating principles of different Subsea BOP equipment and choke
lines, manifolds, hook-up and testing of BPOs. Including Inspection of BOPs and BOP
Control Systems.

MARINE RISER TENSIONERS


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Riser Tensioner Requirements, Wire Line Tensioners, Direct Tensioners.
Drilling and Production Tensioners, Operations and Suppliers.

Floating Host

RIG MOTION COMPENSATORS


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Harsh Weather Drilling, Requirements for Motion Compensators, General Types, Mounted on
Crown Block. Mounted on Travelling Block, Drilling line Compensators Components,
Operations.

POSITION AND STATION KEEPING FOR FLOATING DRILLING RIGS:


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Part A - Mooring: mooring requirements, mooring regulations for drilling vessels, mooring
system design, setting and moving the mooring pattern.
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Part B - Dynamic positioning: background, dynamic position concept, basic feedback and
control, position measurement, thrusters and dynamic position rig design.

DRILLING A SUBSEA WELL


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Sequence of drilling a Subsea Well.

TREE INSTALLATION TECHNIQUES


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Shallow Water Tree Installations (Guide Wires), Deepwater Guide wireless Installations,
PUGS Technique, Installation Issues and Problems

DAY THREE

WELLS AS PART OF A PRODUCING FIELD


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Field Wells Layout. Geology Concerns. Heavy Oil Requirements. Dominating Weather
Patterns.
Well Intervention Requirements.
Various Configuration Options for Trees,
Manifolds and Flowlines.

UNDERBALLANCE DRILLING
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Definitions, Methods. Why it is used.
Examples. Deepwater Mud Weight selection,
Deepwater Dual Gradient Mud Drilling. Deepwater Equivalent Circulation Density Issues.

HIGH TEMPERATURE / HIGH PRESSURE WELLS


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Definitions.
Examples of HT / HP wells and Fields.
areas.

Drilling Requirements and problem

HORIZONTAL DRILLING
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History, Methods and Equipment, Current and Future Targets.

ADVANCED DRILLING RIGS


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Part A - Drilling rigs with dual drilling activity: design of twin drilling derricks for semis
and drillships, working principles Main and Auxiliary Rotarys, operational capabilities in
relation to drilling and equipment and casings. Stack up and operational advantages.
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Part B - Automated Tubular Handling Systems
Tubular stacking and handling, Joint Make-up systems, loading systems.
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Part C - Riserless Drilling

Examples of Drilling Activities

DRILLING EXAMPLE - DRILL THRU XMAS TREE


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Dalia Field, Angola. Drill thru Xmas Trees. Drilling Process Jetting the Conductor
Drilling the Surface hole Running and Cementing the Casing Running the Tree
Running the BOP Completing the Well.

DAY FOUR

DRILLING EXAMPLE - BATCH DRILLING WITH DUAL ACTIVITY RIG


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Greater Plutonio Field, Angola. Details of Dual Activity Rig. Batch Setting Process.
Complete sequence of drilling activities.

ASSEMBLY AND TESTING OF SUBSEA EQUIPMENT

Factory Acceptance Testing, Tree Stack-Up Testing, Hydro-Testing, Shallow water


Immersion Testing, Installation Examples.

COMPLETING THE WELL COMPLETIONS


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Open Hole Completions.
Cased Hole Completions.
Completion Components. Replacement of Completions
WELL STIMULATION
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Formation Damage. Cleaning the Formation.

Multiple Zone Completions.

Acid Treatments.

Hydraulic Fracturing

SUBSEA WELL WORKOVER REQUIREMENTS AND TECHNIQUES


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Intervention Requirements.
Heavy Workover.
Light Workover.
Lubricator Christmas Tree Types
WELL COMPLETIONS & WORKOVER VESSELS
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Drilling and Completion Vessels. Stimulation Vessels.
Vessels

Subsea Wireline

DP Intervention Vessels.

Helix

Safety and Environmental Issues

SUBSEA WELLS RELATED SAFETY - RELIABILITY REQUIREMENTS


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Requirements for subsea drilling, typical subsea drilling and casing programme, problems
associated with rig movements, safety requirements and review of past incidents involving
loss of lives. Subsea Equipment Reliability. Reliability Engineering.

DAY FIVE

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES RELATED TO OFFSHORE DRILLING


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Environmental requirements offshore drilling, environmental impact assessments, use
and discharge of drilling muds and fluids and cleaning and disposal of drill cuttings.

REVIEW OF DEEPWATER HORIZON INCIDENT IN GoM


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Deepwater Horizon Rig; The Blowout Event; The Sinking; BPs efforts to stop the spill.
Future changes.

OTHER RECENT BLOWOUT EVENTS


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Total Elgin Field - North Sea PTTEP Field in Australian Waters

New Drilling Vessels Concepts

NEW MARINE DRILLING VESSEL CONCEPTS


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6th Generation Rigs. Sevan Cylindrical Drilling Vessel. Huisman Itrec Drilling Tower.

FIELDS DEVELOPED AS WELL TO BEACH


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Methods. Examples of Fields. Drilling plans.

Drilling Contracts and Costs

DRILLING COSTS, PREPARATION OF CONTRACTS (DRILLING RIGS), NEGOTIATION


AND IMPLEMENTATION
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Classification, analysis and evaluation of drilling contracts; detailed development of the
drilling job, selecting drilling rig equipment capability, development of the contract and
the presentation and adjustment of each party's own position; management system of
supervising and implementation of drilling contracts; and dispute case resolution by
international law. Drill Rig Costs Capital Cost Examples and Rental Rates.