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PRELIMINARY DETAILS

Name Of The Teacher

: Sreelekshmi.R

Standard: VIII

Name Of The School

:St. Stephens HS Pathanapuram

Division : J

Name Of The Subject

:Social Science

Strength: 35/36

Name Of The Unit

:Ancient Tamilakam

Duration: 45 Minute

Name Of The Lesson

:Ancient Tamilakam

Period : 1
Date

LEARNING OUTCOME
After studying the topic the student will be able to ,

Define the term Tamilakam.


Identifies the features of Tamilakam.
Examine the megalithic monuments.
Analyzing the megalithic Explain the major sources to understand Tamilakam

CONTENT OVERVIEW
Ancient Tamilakam
Urn burials
Megalithic period

: 17-09-15

Megalithic monuments and tools


CONTENT ANALYSIS
Places: karnataka,andhrapardesh,kearla,tamilnadu
Facts:

The period when the megalithic monuments were constructed is known as megalithic period.
The megalithic monuments, ancient Tamil songs, Tamil inscriptions were the major source of information.
Megalithic age is also known as Iron Age.
The Deep South Indian parts are the ancient tamilakam.
It is the Tamil speaking areas of south India which the historians referred as Tamilakam.
The practice of burying the remains of the diseased by placing them in an urn is called urn burials.

Concept: Tamilakam, megalithic age, iron age


PRE-REQUISITES
The students do not have any previous knowledge about tamilakam and the megalithic age.
TEACHING LEARNING AID
Chart
photos

INTRODUCTION
The teacher enters into the class and wishing the students and accepting the wishes of the students then
enter into a friendly conversation between the students and creating an atmosphere to learn. Then ask in which
state they live and which is the capital of the state. The students replied to the question and then ask in the past
kerala has 14 districts. Then the students replied no. , Kerala is divided into three regions they are
Thiruvithamkoor, Thirukochi and Malabar region and this is a part of Tamilakam. Today we deal about the topic
tamilakam and enter in to the topic by showing the map of Tamilakam.

DEVELOPMENT OF THE LESSON

CONTENT

CLASSROOM INTERACTION PROCEDURE

PUPILS RESPONSE

Tamilakam (BB)
In the past the Kerala is a
part of Tamilakam
together with Tamilnadu
and Karnataka.

There are several tamil


songs which represents
the culture of ancient
tamilakam

Anyone of you know about Tamilakam .It refers to the Sangam


period territory of old south Indian royalties covering modern
Tamilnadu, Kerala and southern parts of Andhrapradesh and
Karnataka.Which are the places? Ok, the historians used this to
refer the tamil speaking regions of India including Kerala and
Tamilnadu.It is a single cultural area having a common language.
Anyone of you know which is the language? Yes, then shows a
chart regarding one of the culture of ancient Tamilakam through a
song.
KALAM CHEYKOVE..
KALAM CHEYKOVE
ACHDAYCHA KATTARAM PONTHIYA
..

Then ask to one of the student to read it and after reading the

No
Tamilnadu, kearla
Tamil
Listening

Look in the chart

teacher says the meaning of the song that is regarding to the


practice of urn burials.

One of the main practices


of tamilakam is the
practice of burying.

These urn burials are


known in different name
according to the shape
and nature.

URN BURIALS (BB)


Anyone of you know about urn burials. The
practice of burying the remains of the deceased by placing them it
in a big burn is called urn burials otherwise it is called
Nannangadi (BB)
This custom was prevailed in ancient Tamilakam. Locally
available stones are used for this. Anyone of you knows about any
of the name of these urn burials. Ok, these are known in different
names like stone circle, dolmen, cist, rock chamber,
thoppikkallu(tomb stone) Kudakkallu(umbrella stone),
sarchophagus, Menhir were the remarkable among them. Then
shows the photos of all these burials. They were called
Megalithic monuments (BB)
and the period is called

There are different


sources in which
historians got to
understand the
tamilakam.

The students read it


and others listen
carefully.

Megalithic period (BB)

Anyone of you know about the sources that we get to understand


about Tamilakam? Yes, monuments, songs, coins, travelogues,
inscriptions are the major and different sources that which we get
information about Tamilakam.

No

Listening carefully
Thoppikkallu
Kudakkallu
Look into the photos
and identify each of
the photos

Coins,songs

Do you know which the megalithic tools are? Yes, sword, knife,
Iron is most prominently
spear, hook, lamp, nail etc... Are the different tools in this period?
used in this period. Hence Iron is very widely used in this period. So it is called
it is also called as iron age. Iron age (BB)

Sword, knife

Look in to the board


Kodumanal,Alagari,Pazhani,Thirukambaliyoor,Adhichanelloor,
Merayur Cheramanangadu, Umichipoyil
Megalithic monuments
found in different parts of
south India.

Roman coins were also found in this age. Besides this tools clay,
pots, beads, black and red wares were used in this period. Do you
know which are the places where this megalithic monuments
found?No,
are the places.Then ask one of the students to read it.

Listening
Kerala

The students read and


others listen carefully.

CONSOLIDATION
After completing the topic teacher gave a brief summary regarding the Tamilakam, its monuments and
tools then asking questions to the students to memorize them and also clarifying the doubts of the students by
giving proper answers.

REVIEW QUESTIONS
1. What is known as Tamilakam?
2. Which are the parts which came under Tamilakam?
3. Which are the important tools in megalithic age?
4. Which are the parts which came under Tamilakam?
5. Which are the early divisions of Kerala?

POST LESSON ACTIVITY


1. Collect the pictures of the different monuments in megalithic age.
2. Complete the following table by writing the name of different kinds of urn burials.
.