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The Ayurvedic Wellness Counselor Program KAA 103: Ayurvedic Psychology (Manasa Shastra)
The Ayurvedic Wellness Counselor Program
KAA 103: Ayurvedic Psychology (Manasa Shastra)

Human Being: An Introduction

Human Being : An Introduction Human being consists of Sattva (the mind), Atma (the soul) and
Human Being : An Introduction Human being consists of Sattva (the mind), Atma (the soul) and

Human being consists of Sattva (the mind), Atma (the soul) and Sharir (the physical body). The entire universe stands on these three pillars.

When this triad is in harmony, there is health. To achieve complete health, physical health alone is not enough. A balance at all three levels is always needed.

As each level is connected to the other two, the balance of each depends upon other levels. Among the three, Sattva (mind) comes first. The function of Atma and Sharir depends on Sattva (the mind).

comes first. The function of Atma and Sharir depends on Sattva (the mind). Sattva Mind Atma
Sattva Mind Atma Sharir Soul Physical Body
Sattva
Mind
Atma
Sharir
Soul
Physical Body

Healthy Person: A Definition

Healthy Person : A Definition The individual whose Doshas, Agni and Dhatus are in balance, who
Healthy Person : A Definition The individual whose Doshas, Agni and Dhatus are in balance, who

The individual whose Doshas, Agni and Dhatus are in balance, who eliminates Malas regularly, whose thinking is clear (the Soul is content), Indriyas are sharp and mind is peaceful is called a Healthy Person.

Balanced Doshas

is peaceful is called a Healthy Person . Balanced Doshas Samadoshaha samagnicha samadhatu Mala Kriyaha Prasanna

Samadoshaha samagnicha samadhatu Mala Kriyaha Prasanna Atmendriya manah Swastha iti Abhidhiyate

Sama Agni Sama Dhatus

Sama Malakriyas

Sharp Indriyas

Peaceful mind

Clear thinking

iti Abhidhiyate → Sama Agni Sama Dhatus → Sama Malakriyas → Sharp Indriyas → Peaceful mind

Healthy Person: A Definition

Healthy Person : A Definition Health and Disease have Two Locations: 1. The physical body and
Healthy Person : A Definition Health and Disease have Two Locations: 1. The physical body and

Health and Disease have Two Locations:

1. The physical body and

2. The mind

In physical disease there is also a mental imbalance and mental imbalances also affect the physical body.

In treatment, both levels have to be addressed. Otherwise, the disease will not be cured completely.

the physical body. In treatment, both levels have to be addressed. Otherwise, the disease will not
the physical body. In treatment, both levels have to be addressed. Otherwise, the disease will not

The Mind: A Definition of Health

Manyate iti Manah: One which creates realization. Mind is responsible for our perception of the
Manyate iti Manah: One which creates realization.
Mind is responsible for our perception of the external world.
Mind is the cause of Knowing.
→ The sense organs receive vibrations from objects. The function of
mind is to analyze these vibrations and use this information to
make decisions and command action.
→ The mind also guides the organs of action (Karmendriyas) to take
action.
→ Neither the Gynendriyas nor the Karmendriyas work without the
association of Mind. Therefore, the Mind is called Ubhayendriya.
Ubhayendriya: Organ of both
perception and action.
association of Mind. Therefore, the Mind is called Ubhayendriya. Ubhayendriya: Organ of both perception and action.
association of Mind. Therefore, the Mind is called Ubhayendriya. Ubhayendriya: Organ of both perception and action.
association of Mind. Therefore, the Mind is called Ubhayendriya. Ubhayendriya: Organ of both perception and action.
The Mind: Qualities Ekatva: Mind is the one and only. At any given moment the
The Mind: Qualities
Ekatva: Mind is the one and only.
At any given moment the Mind can be associated with only one
sense organ and we will receive information from that one sense
organ. Because of its tremendous speed it seems that the mind is
associated with many senses simultaneously.
That said, we may live in multitasking world, but in reality we can
only focus our awareness on one thing, object, or action at any
given moment. Thus, single-pointedness is very important.
The number of car accidents has
increased since people have begun
talking on the phone while driving.
The Mind : Qualities Anutva: The atom of consciousness. The atom being smallest of the

The Mind: Qualities

The Mind : Qualities Anutva: The atom of consciousness. The atom being smallest of the small,
Anutva: The atom of consciousness.
Anutva: The atom of consciousness.

The atom being smallest of the small, it is the largest of the large because it is the essence of all substances in the universe.

The mind is called Ateendriya. It is beyond the sense organs. The sense organs function only when Mind is associated with them. The function of each sense organ is limited; the ears can only hear and the eyes can only see, but the Mind is limitless, without boundaries. The mind is the essence of all the sense organs and organs of action. The mind can function without the sense organs (as in sleep or meditation).

without the sense organs (as in sleep or meditation). In every cubic millimeter of etheric space
In every cubic millimeter of etheric space there is enough energy to furnish one million
In every cubic millimeter of etheric space there is
enough energy to furnish one million horse powers
working continually for forty million years.
—Oliver Lodge
there is enough energy to furnish one million horse powers working continually for forty million years.
The Mind : Qualities Mind is an ear of an ear Mind is the energy

The Mind: Qualities

The Mind : Qualities Mind is an ear of an ear Mind is the energy behind
Mind is an ear of an ear Mind is the energy behind the ears Mind
Mind is an ear of an ear
Mind is the energy behind the ears
Mind is an eye of an eye
Mind is the energy behind the eyes

Mind makes

Hearing

Listening

Touching

Feeling

Seeing

Observing

Eating

Savoring

Smelling

Fragrance

Eating → Savoring Smelling → Fragrance The mind can pervade the entire field of perception. It
Eating → Savoring Smelling → Fragrance The mind can pervade the entire field of perception. It
The mind can pervade the entire field of perception. It does not have one location.
The mind can pervade the entire field of perception. It does not have one location. It pervades the
entire body.

The Mind: Field of Action

The Mind : Field of Action The mind is dualistic in nature. It oscillates like a
The Mind : Field of Action The mind is dualistic in nature. It oscillates like a
The Mind : Field of Action The mind is dualistic in nature. It oscillates like a

The mind is dualistic in nature. It oscillates like a pendulum between two extremes:

1. Desire (Itcha)

2. Aversion (Dwesha)

The mind makes you happy, excited, joyful, eager, patient, kind, generous and clear-headed or It
The mind makes you happy, excited, joyful, eager,
patient, kind, generous and clear-headed
or
It makes you sad, depressed, anxious, frustrated,
stressed, angry, greedy and delusional
generous and clear-headed or It makes you sad, depressed, anxious, frustrated, stressed, angry, greedy and delusional
generous and clear-headed or It makes you sad, depressed, anxious, frustrated, stressed, angry, greedy and delusional
generous and clear-headed or It makes you sad, depressed, anxious, frustrated, stressed, angry, greedy and delusional
generous and clear-headed or It makes you sad, depressed, anxious, frustrated, stressed, angry, greedy and delusional
generous and clear-headed or It makes you sad, depressed, anxious, frustrated, stressed, angry, greedy and delusional
generous and clear-headed or It makes you sad, depressed, anxious, frustrated, stressed, angry, greedy and delusional

The Mind: Location

The Mind : Location The mind resides in the Heart, in the Chest, in between the
The Mind : Location The mind resides in the Heart, in the Chest, in between the

The mind resides in the Heart, in the Chest, in between the lungs. It is the seat of Consciousness (Atma).

The Pranavaha Nadis emerge from this location of the mind and circulate Prana and Consciousness throughout the body. When these Nadis are blocked, psychological diseases result.

Manovaha Srotas is centered in the heart and functions through the brain. Its field of action is the entire body.

result. Manovaha Srotas is centered in the heart and functions through the brain. Its field of
result. Manovaha Srotas is centered in the heart and functions through the brain. Its field of

The Mind: Functions

The Mind : Functions 1. Receiving vibrations from the sense organs for decision-making. 2. Controlling the
The Mind : Functions 1. Receiving vibrations from the sense organs for decision-making. 2. Controlling the

1. Receiving vibrations from the sense organs for decision-making.

2. Controlling the sense organs from overuse or misuse.

3. Self control: Slowing down the oscillations of different thoughts and focusing on one.

4. Chintana: Meditating on various choices and deciding whether to accept a choice or not.

5. Vichara: Thinking about the pros and cons of any action.

6. Uha: Accepting a choice.

7. Dhyeya: Setting goals.

8. Sankalpa: Developing an action plan to achieve a goal.

6. Uha: Accepting a choice. 7. Dhyeya: Setting goals. 8. Sankalpa: Developing an action plan to
6. Uha: Accepting a choice. 7. Dhyeya: Setting goals. 8. Sankalpa: Developing an action plan to

The Four States of Mind

The Four States of Mind According to Vedanta, there are four functional differences of Mind: 1.
The Four States of Mind According to Vedanta, there are four functional differences of Mind: 1.

According to Vedanta, there are four functional differences of Mind:

to Vedanta, there are four functional differences of Mind: 1. Manas The mind connected to the

1. Manas

The mind connected to the senses

2. Ahankara

Ego, I-ness

3. Buddhi

Discrimination

4. Chitta

Memory

of Mind: 1. Manas The mind connected to the senses 2. Ahankara Ego, I-ness 3. Buddhi

The Four States of Mind

1. Manas

The Four States of Mind 1. Manas The part of mind that perceives the senses. For
The Four States of Mind 1. Manas The part of mind that perceives the senses. For
The Four States of Mind 1. Manas The part of mind that perceives the senses. For
The part of mind that perceives the senses. For example: Seeing, hearing, tasting, touching, smelling.
The part of mind that perceives the senses.
For example: Seeing, hearing, tasting, touching, smelling.

When the mind functions at this level, a person becomes full of desire and tries constantly to fulfill those desires, causing them to become a sensate being.

At this level the individual is constantly riding on a wave of emotions: Joy and sadness, happiness and unhappiness, passion and anger.

The flow of energy is outward.

Manas is Rajasic in nature.

happiness and unhappiness, passion and anger. → The flow of energy is outward. → Manas is

The Four States of Mind

2. Ahankara

Ego; I-Ness → Ego: A world of division between you and me. → A thick
Ego; I-Ness
→ Ego: A world of division between you and me.
→ A thick wall between inner and outer worlds.

Decisions are personal.

Controlling, dominating, always on the guard.

If used rightfully, Ahankara helps us see oneness in many forms.

Ahankara is Rajasic in nature.

Dualism begins at this level.

Ahankara helps us see oneness in many forms. → Ahankara is Rajasic in nature. Dualism begins
Ahankara helps us see oneness in many forms. → Ahankara is Rajasic in nature. Dualism begins
Ahankara helps us see oneness in many forms. → Ahankara is Rajasic in nature. Dualism begins

The Four States of Mind

3. Buddhi Discrimination → Discriminating aspect; Holds the power of decision; Represents individualized Mahat. →
3. Buddhi
Discrimination
→ Discriminating aspect; Holds the power of decision;
Represents individualized Mahat.
→ Represents oneness in different forms. Helps us to stay on
the right path, hold on to good values and control Manas
and Ahankara.
→ Connects us to the inner self (Purusha, Soul, Spirit).
→ Human beings are the only beings whose Buddhi aspect is
fully evolved.
→ Helps us become free of desires and disappointments and
become one with Sat Chit Ananda.
→ Emotionally, a person operating from the Buddhi is calm,
content and eternally happy.
→ Buddhi is Sattvic in nature.

The Four States of Mind

4. Chitta

The Four States of Mind 4. Chitta Memory → Stores all memories from our current and
The Four States of Mind 4. Chitta Memory → Stores all memories from our current and
The Four States of Mind 4. Chitta Memory → Stores all memories from our current and
Memory
Memory

Stores all memories from our

current and

ast lives

p

.

Represents

our

consciousness.

conditioned

Can be either Sattvic, Rajasic or Tamasic in nature.

and ast lives p . → Represents our consciousness. conditioned → Can be either Sattvic, Rajasic

The Four States of Mind

An Overview

The Four States of Mind An Overview Manas carries vibrations Buddhi makes decisions Ahankara gives identity
The Four States of Mind An Overview Manas carries vibrations Buddhi makes decisions Ahankara gives identity

Manas carries vibrations Buddhi makes decisions Ahankara gives identity & Chitta stores as memory.

For Example The connection between the keyboard and the CPU is Manas. The CPU is
For Example
The connection between the
keyboard and the CPU is Manas.
The CPU is Buddhi.
File name is Ahankara.
Storing of file in memory is Chitta.
the keyboard and the CPU is Manas. The CPU is Buddhi. File name is Ahankara. Storing
the keyboard and the CPU is Manas. The CPU is Buddhi. File name is Ahankara. Storing
the keyboard and the CPU is Manas. The CPU is Buddhi. File name is Ahankara. Storing

The Mental Gunas (Qualities)

The Mental Gunas (Qualities) Nature functions through conscious forces. These conscious forces are represented by three
The Mental Gunas (Qualities) Nature functions through conscious forces. These conscious forces are represented by three

Nature functions through conscious forces. These conscious forces are represented by three primal qualities, or Gunas:

1. Sattva: Purity

2. Raja: Action

3. Tamas: Inertia

The three gunas of Prakriti are defined as three intertwined strands of the binding cord of nature. Through this medium, Prakriti binds together all embodied beings.

Among the three, Raja and Tamas are called mental doshas, because if imbalanced, they may cause disease (Sattva does not cause disease).

and Tamas are called mental doshas , because if imbalanced, they may cause disease ( Sattva
and Tamas are called mental doshas , because if imbalanced, they may cause disease ( Sattva

The Mental Gunas (Qualities)

The Mental Gunas (Qualities) Guna Sattva Rajas Tamas Description Sattva is a quality of intelligence,
The Mental Gunas (Qualities) Guna Sattva Rajas Tamas Description Sattva is a quality of intelligence,

Guna

Sattva

Rajas

Tamas

Description

Sattva is a quality of intelligence, harmony, balance and stability. Directing inward and upwards, it brings about the awakening of the soul. Sattva creates peace, everlasting happiness and contentment.

Raja is the quality of change, activity, stimulus and turbulence. Raja is the motivation for action, ultimately to achieve power, control and dominance. It is directed outward causing egoistic actions. Raja makes person fulfill his desires, which at the end causes pain and suffering. Most of the people live in this state for the whole life.

Tamas is the quality of darkness, inertia, obstruction, heaviness, ignorance, lack of awareness, excessive sleep. It functions as a force of gravity, retarding things. It directs downwards and causes decay, death and disintegration.

Mind

Kind, compassionate, loving, forgiving, truthful, intelligent, strong

Egotistic, self centered, greedy, angry, lustful, violent, anxious

Fearful, depressed, dull, miserable, delusional

Qualities

Harmony, balance, clarity, purity so doesn’t cause disease.

Movement, action, turbulence. Causes racing, restless, agitated mind, anxiety, stress, tension.

Inertia, darkness, dullness, heaviness Causes depression, fear, nervousness.

agitated mind, anxiety, stress, tension. Inertia, darkness, dullness, heaviness Causes depression, fear, nervousness.

The Doshas & The Trigunas

The Doshas & The Trigunas Guna Vata Pitta Kapha Sattvic Inspired, enthusiastic, genuine, divine love
The Doshas & The Trigunas Guna Vata Pitta Kapha Sattvic Inspired, enthusiastic, genuine, divine love

Guna

Vata

Pitta

Kapha

Sattvic

Inspired, enthusiastic, genuine, divine love and arts

Perceptive, clear view, leadership. Guides and spiritual teachers.

Nurturing and unconditionally loving

Rajasic

Nervous, fearful, anxious, worrisome

Angry, resentful, jealous, controlling and judgmental.

Attached to things or objects, stubborn and possessive

Tamasic

Depressive, addicted, psychotic and suicidal

Hateful, violent,

Intensely attached to pleasure, self-isolating, lethargic

vindictive.

psychotic and suicidal Hateful, violent, Intensely attached to pleasure, self-isolating, lethargic vindictive.

The Doshas & The Trigunas

Living Sattvically: Stage 1

The Doshas & The Trigunas Living Sattvically: Stage 1 Moving from Tamasic to Rajasic Increase Agni

Moving from Tamasic to Rajasic

Increase Agni

Steps to support this stage:

Join a Satsang.

Eat more spices.

Exercise.

Read spiritual books.

Set goals and work to achieve them.

Join a Satsang. → Eat more spices. → Exercise. → Read spiritual books. → Set goals
Join a Satsang. → Eat more spices. → Exercise. → Read spiritual books. → Set goals
Join a Satsang. → Eat more spices. → Exercise. → Read spiritual books. → Set goals

The Doshas & The Trigunas

Living Sattvically: Stage 2

The Doshas & The Trigunas Living Sattvically: Stage 2 Moving from Rajasic to Sattvic Increase Akasha
The Doshas & The Trigunas Living Sattvically: Stage 2 Moving from Rajasic to Sattvic Increase Akasha
The Doshas & The Trigunas Living Sattvically: Stage 2 Moving from Rajasic to Sattvic Increase Akasha

Moving from Rajasic to Sattvic

Increase Akasha

Steps to support this stage:

Set goals and work to achieve them. Learn to transcend ego

Do selfless actions

Help others

Feel other peoples’ pain and suffering

Eat Sattvic foods

ego → Do selfless actions → Help others → Feel other peoples’ pain and suffering →

The Doshas & The Trigunas

Living Sattvically: Stage 3

The Doshas & The Trigunas Living Sattvically: Stage 3 Transcending Sattvic Steps to support this stage:
The Doshas & The Trigunas Living Sattvically: Stage 3 Transcending Sattvic Steps to support this stage:

Transcending Sattvic

Steps to support this stage:

Increase

the

awareness of spirit beyond Prakriti and Sattva.

3 Transcending Sattvic Steps to support this stage: → Increase the awareness of spirit beyond Prakriti
3 Transcending Sattvic Steps to support this stage: → Increase the awareness of spirit beyond Prakriti
3 Transcending Sattvic Steps to support this stage: → Increase the awareness of spirit beyond Prakriti
3 Transcending Sattvic Steps to support this stage: → Increase the awareness of spirit beyond Prakriti
3 Transcending Sattvic Steps to support this stage: → Increase the awareness of spirit beyond Prakriti
3 Transcending Sattvic Steps to support this stage: → Increase the awareness of spirit beyond Prakriti
3 Transcending Sattvic Steps to support this stage: → Increase the awareness of spirit beyond Prakriti
3 Transcending Sattvic Steps to support this stage: → Increase the awareness of spirit beyond Prakriti
3 Transcending Sattvic Steps to support this stage: → Increase the awareness of spirit beyond Prakriti
3 Transcending Sattvic Steps to support this stage: → Increase the awareness of spirit beyond Prakriti
3 Transcending Sattvic Steps to support this stage: → Increase the awareness of spirit beyond Prakriti
3 Transcending Sattvic Steps to support this stage: → Increase the awareness of spirit beyond Prakriti
3 Transcending Sattvic Steps to support this stage: → Increase the awareness of spirit beyond Prakriti

Nourishment of the Mind

Nourishment of the Mind Foods (with all six Rasas ) which nourish the body also nourish
Nourishment of the Mind Foods (with all six Rasas ) which nourish the body also nourish

Foods (with all six Rasas) which nourish the body also nourish the Mind. Food should feed all of the sense organs, so it should sound, taste, look and smell pleasing to these senses.

The essence of food after Dhatu digestion is Ojas. This subtle aspect of food nourishes the Mind and makes it strong, happy, calm and energetic.

Dhatu digestion is Ojas . This subtle aspect of food nourishes the Mind and makes it
Dhatu digestion is Ojas . This subtle aspect of food nourishes the Mind and makes it

Nourishment of the Mind

Nourishment of the Mind Along with food, herbs also affect the mind: → Pungent herbs remove
Nourishment of the Mind Along with food, herbs also affect the mind: → Pungent herbs remove

Along with food, herbs also affect the mind:

Pungent herbs remove the Tamasic quality of the mind and make it more active (Rajasic).

Nervine herbs such as Jatamansi and Shankhapushpi remove the Rajasic quality of the mind and support a sense of mental calmness and contentment (Sattvic).

Herbs such as Brahmi and Vacha create a Sattvic state of mind.

Pranayama and meditation directly feed the mind and make it Sattvic.

and Vacha create a Sattvic state of mind. → Pranayama and meditation directly feed the mind
and Vacha create a Sattvic state of mind. → Pranayama and meditation directly feed the mind

Nourishment of the Mind

Nourishment of the Mind It is ideal to eat fresh and natural food , be surrounded
Nourishment of the Mind It is ideal to eat fresh and natural food , be surrounded

It is ideal to eat fresh and natural food, be surrounded by people with positive attitudes and be at the Buddhi level of the mind, which helps us to focus inward towards the truth and reality rather than outward in search of momentary pleasures and happiness.

helps us to focus inward towards the truth and reality rather than outward in search of
helps us to focus inward towards the truth and reality rather than outward in search of
The Five Sheaths Atman and/or Purusha is covered by 5 Koshas (or sheaths), but remains

The Five Sheaths

The Five Sheaths Atman and/or Purusha is covered by 5 Koshas (or sheaths), but remains untouched

Atman and/or Purusha is covered by 5 Koshas (or sheaths), but

remains untouched by these veils:

5 Koshas (or sheaths), but remains untouched by these veils: 1. Annamaya Kosha Food Sheath 2.

1. Annamaya Kosha

Food Sheath

2. Pranamaya Kosha

Vital Air, Breath Sheath

3. Manomaya Kosha

Mental, Emotional Sheath

4. Gyanamaya Kosha

Intellectual Sheath

5. Anandamaya Kosha

Bliss Sheath

1. Annamaya Kosha: The Food Sheath

1. Annamaya Kosha: The Food Sheath → Consists of the 5 sense organs and 5 organs
1. Annamaya Kosha: The Food Sheath → Consists of the 5 sense organs and 5 organs

Consists of the 5 sense organs and 5 organs of action Represents our physical existence

The name is Annamaya Kosha because this sheath is emerged from the food (earth element).

Anatomy of the body.

Grossest of all, limited by space and time.

Metabolizes the earth element.

by space and time. → Metabolizes the earth element. We are born from the result of
by space and time. → Metabolizes the earth element. We are born from the result of
We are born from the result of the food our parents ate (Shukra Dhatu). While
We are born from the result of the food our parents ate (Shukra Dhatu). While in the womb we grow on
the food our mother eats. After birth we eat food and upon our death we become food for other beings.

2. Pranamaya Kosha: Vital Air, Breath Sheath

2. Pranamaya Kosha: Vital Air, Breath Sheath The Physiology of a Human Being → The Panchapranas
2. Pranamaya Kosha: Vital Air, Breath Sheath The Physiology of a Human Being → The Panchapranas

The Physiology of a Human Being

The Panchapranas (5 Vayus) correspond to the 5 physiological systems

Prana Vayu: Nervous system

Samana Vayu: Digestive system

Vyana Vayu: Circulatory system

Apana Vayu: Excretory system

Udana Vayu: Respiratory system, acquiring new

knowledge

Pranamaya Kosha functions as long as the person breathes

Regulates the Annamaya Kosha

Goes beyond the boundaries of the physical body

Metabolizes the water element

→ Regulates the Annamaya Kosha → Goes beyond the boundaries of the physical body → Metabolizes
→ Regulates the Annamaya Kosha → Goes beyond the boundaries of the physical body → Metabolizes
→ Regulates the Annamaya Kosha → Goes beyond the boundaries of the physical body → Metabolizes
→ Regulates the Annamaya Kosha → Goes beyond the boundaries of the physical body → Metabolizes

3. Manomaya Kosha: Mental, Emotional Sheath

3. Manomaya Kosha: Mental, Emotional Sheath → Represents the continuous flow of emotions. → Regulates Pranamaya
3. Manomaya Kosha: Mental, Emotional Sheath → Represents the continuous flow of emotions. → Regulates Pranamaya

Represents the continuous flow of emotions.

Regulates Pranamaya Kosha.

Can make contact with distant realms.

Works in the realm of known.

Metabolizes the fire element.

Kosha. → Can make contact with distant realms. → Works in the realm of known. →
Kosha. → Can make contact with distant realms. → Works in the realm of known. →
Kosha. → Can make contact with distant realms. → Works in the realm of known. →
Kosha. → Can make contact with distant realms. → Works in the realm of known. →
Kosha. → Can make contact with distant realms. → Works in the realm of known. →

4. Gyanamaya Kosha: Intellectual Sheath

4. Gyanamaya Kosha: Intellectual Sheath → Responsible for discrimination. → Stabilizes the oscillations of the
4. Gyanamaya Kosha: Intellectual Sheath → Responsible for discrimination. → Stabilizes the oscillations of the

Responsible for discrimination.

Stabilizes the oscillations of the mind.

Directs the mind (Banks of the river).

The goal in life is to transcend all five sheaths and unite with pure, limitless, all pervading self.

Metabolizes the air element Reaches the realm of the unknown.

and unite with pure, limitless, all pervading self. → Metabolizes the air element Reaches the realm
and unite with pure, limitless, all pervading self. → Metabolizes the air element Reaches the realm

5. Anandamaya Kosha: Bliss Sheath

5. Anandamaya Kosha: Bliss Sheath → The most pervasive sheath. → Metabolizes the ether element. →
5. Anandamaya Kosha: Bliss Sheath → The most pervasive sheath. → Metabolizes the ether element. →

The most pervasive sheath.

Metabolizes the ether element.

Controls the other four sheaths.

Experienced in deep sleep (I know nothing, complete ignorance).

Ignorance is because of this sheath between us and reality.

in deep sleep (I know nothing, complete ignorance). → Ignorance is because of this sheath between
in deep sleep (I know nothing, complete ignorance). → Ignorance is because of this sheath between

The Three Bodies

The Three Bodies The three bodies from the outside in are: 1 . The Physical Body
The Three Bodies The three bodies from the outside in are: 1 . The Physical Body

The three bodies from the outside in are:

1

.

The Physical Body (Sthoola Sharir)

2.

The Subtle Body (Sukshma Sharir)

3.

The Causal Body (Karana Sharir)

The Physical Body (Sthoola Sharir) 2. The Subtle Body (Sukshma Sharir) 3. The Causal Body (Karana
The Physical Body (Sthoola Sharir) 2. The Subtle Body (Sukshma Sharir) 3. The Causal Body (Karana

1. The Physical Body (Sthoola Sharir)

1. The Physical Body (Sthoola Sharir) → The physical body is comprised of the 5 elements,
1. The Physical Body (Sthoola Sharir) → The physical body is comprised of the 5 elements,

The physical body is comprised of the 5 elements, 5 sense organs and 5 organs of action.

It controls the anatomy and physiology through Vata, Pitta and Kapha.

It is a tool to take in impulses and perform or act as a reaction to these impulses or senses.

It helps us stay in contact with our outer world and gather stimuli.

Without the sense organs we cannot perceive anything in and about the world, or there is no world.

It is a medium thru which Purusha reflects itself in various forms.

Vata Pitta Kapha work at this level

Is limited by time and space

Is very important but we should not get caught up only at this level

When the self (soul or Jivatma) identifies with the physical body it manifests itself as the Waker.

at this level → When the self (soul or Jivatma) identifies with the physical body it
at this level → When the self (soul or Jivatma) identifies with the physical body it

2. The Subtle Body (Sukshama Sharir)

2. The Subtle Body (Sukshama Sharir) → Represents the energetic field behind a physical body. →
2. The Subtle Body (Sukshama Sharir) → Represents the energetic field behind a physical body. →

Represents the energetic field behind a physical body.

Is comprised of the 5 subtle senses, 5 subtle karmendriyas, 5 pranas and manas, ahankara, buddhi and chitta.

All four aspects of the Mind work at this level. This is called Antahkaran.

The seven Chakras are located in the subtle body.

At this level there are no limitations of time and space.

When the pure self identifies itself with the subtle body, it manifests as the Dreamer.

The subtle energies Prana, Tejas and Ojas work at this level.

with the subtle body, it manifests as the Dreamer. → The subtle energies Prana, Tejas and
2. The Subtle Body (Sukshama Sharir) Prana, Tejas & Ojas Prana, Tejas and Ojas are

2. The Subtle Body (Sukshama Sharir)

Prana, Tejas & Ojas

2. The Subtle Body (Sukshama Sharir) Prana, Tejas & Ojas Prana, Tejas and Ojas are the

Prana, Tejas and Ojas are the subtle aspects of Vata, Pitta and Kapha. They promote health, vitality, clarity and endurance.

Kapha. They promote health, vitality, clarity and endurance. Subtle Function Description Results of Energy

Subtle

Function

Description

Results of

Energy

Deficiency

Prana

Life Force

Governs higher state of consciousness through Mind. It is responsible for the coordination of the senses, the mind and the breath. It maintains emotional harmony and creativity

Depression

Tejas

Inner Radiance

Represents the fire which digests thoughts and impressions. Helps to perceive choice and make an appropriate decision. Gives courage and vigor to accomplish extraordinary actions.

Lack of clarity and determination.

Ojas

Primal Vigor

Represents a vital energy reserve. Creates calmness, contentment and nourishes all higher states of consciousness. Provides emotional stability.

Mental fatigue

and lethargy.

2. The Subtle Body (Sukshama Sharir)

2. The Subtle Body (Sukshama Sharir) Prana, Tejas & Ojas Prana , Tejas and Ojas are

Prana, Tejas & Ojas

2. The Subtle Body (Sukshama Sharir) Prana, Tejas & Ojas Prana , Tejas and Ojas are
2. The Subtle Body (Sukshama Sharir) Prana, Tejas & Ojas Prana , Tejas and Ojas are

Prana, Tejas and Ojas are nourished by the food, water and air we take in. Their quality depends on Shukra Dhatu, the end product of the digestion of food. Without the proper reserve of Shukra Dhatu, Prana, Tejas and Ojas will be deficient. A deficiency in the subtle energies may cause further physical and psychological diseases. At the subtle levels we replenish these energies through the impressions we receive from the five sense organs.

diseases. At the subtle levels we replenish these energies through the impressions we receive from the

3. The Causal Body (Karana Sharir)

3. The Causal Body (Karana Sharir) → Represents the seed potential of all the bodies. →
3. The Causal Body (Karana Sharir) → Represents the seed potential of all the bodies. →

Represents the seed potential of all the bodies.

Is the subtlest medium, inside the body as well as around the body.

Stores Vasanas (impressions of our past experiences) in their unmanifest forms.

Represents the state of no apprehension. At this state we know neither the higher reality nor the lower plurality.

At this level the pure self manifests as a Deep Sleeper, who goes through homogeneous experiences of nothingness (complete ignorance).

The causal energies Vayu, Agni and Soma work at this level.

The causal energies Vayu, Agni and Soma work at this level. Normally we are only aware
The causal energies Vayu, Agni and Soma work at this level. Normally we are only aware
Normally we are only aware of the physical body. We employ the astral body in
Normally we are only aware of the physical body. We employ the astral body in our dreams,
while experiencing strong emotions and inspiration but are not usually conscious of it. We touch
upon the causal in deep sleep, profound perception or deep silence of the mind.

The Importance of Knowing the Three Bodies and Five Sheaths

The Importance of Knowing the Three Bodies and Five Sheaths We live in a state of
The Importance of Knowing the Three Bodies and Five Sheaths We live in a state of

We live in a state of the Waker, the Dreamer or the Deep Sleeper and try to achieve bliss. In return, we ride the waves of joy and sorrow, happiness and unhappiness, hope and disappointment.

To remove such a false superimposition, we have to detach ourselves from the influence of the lower worlds and transcend them. The only solution is to analyze and discard the five layers that wrap or ensconce us (the sheaths) and realize that the self is different from the Waker, the Dreamer and the Deep Sleeper. When the identification with these lower three states falls away, we experience pure consciousness and pure bliss (Sat, Chit and Ananda).

For Example:

Dress

Physical

Fabric

Subtle

Thread

Casual

Cotton

Consciousness

Subtle Thread Casual Cotton Consciousness Once we have the vision of the underlying reality of things,
Once we have the vision of the underlying reality of things, name or form doesn’t
Once we have the vision of the underlying reality of things, name or form doesn’t
remove our understanding. Multiple names and forms merge into one reality. When we
begin to think beyond Ahankara (the ego), we begin to see the oneness between the
cosmos and ourselves.

The Energetic World of the Subtle Body

The Energetic World of the Subtle Body The energetic world is made of Nadis, Chakras and
The Energetic World of the Subtle Body The energetic world is made of Nadis, Chakras and

The energetic world is made of Nadis, Chakras and Kundalini.

The Causal Body

Spiritual Brain

Brahma

7

Spiritual Centers

Causal

Nadi

 

Nadis

The Subtle Body

1000 Petal

Sushumna

7

Chakras

Nadis

Chakra

 

The Physical

Brain

Spinal Cord

Nerve Plexuses

Nerves

Body

Brain Spinal Cord Nerve Plexuses Nerves Body The physical, subtle and causal bodies are knitted together

The physical, subtle and causal bodies are knitted together at the Chakras, uniting the three bodies to work in unison. The physical body is empowered by subtle energy and causal consciousness, giving the power to cognize, think and feel. The causal brain is the reservoir of cosmic consciousness which descends through the causal (or spiritual) centers.

The Energetic World of the Subtle Body The Causal Brain Location The Causal Brain Manifests

The Energetic World of the Subtle Body

The Causal Brain

The Energetic World of the Subtle Body The Causal Brain Location The Causal Brain Manifests As

Location

The Causal Brain Manifests As

Sahasrara (or 1000 Petal) Chakra

Wisdom

Agya (or Third Eye) Chakra

Intuition

Vishuddha (or Throat) Chakra

Calmness

Anahata (or Heart) Chakra

Love and life force

Manipura (or Navel) Chakra

The power of self control

Swadhisthan (or Sacral) Chakra

The power of adherence to good deeds

Muladhara (or Root) Chakra

The power of restraint from evil

Chakra The power of adherence to good deeds Muladhara (or Root) Chakra The power of restraint
The Nadis Nadis are the subtle energy channels through which Prana flows in the subtle

The Nadis

The Nadis Nadis are the subtle energy channels through which Prana flows in the subtle body.

Nadis are the subtle energy channels through which Prana flows in the subtle body. There are 72,000 nadis, among which 14 are important:

1. Sushumna

2. Ida

3. Pingala,

4. Gandhari

5. Hastijivha

1. Sushumna 2. Ida 3. Pingala, 4. Gandhari 5. Hastijivha 6. Kuhu 7. Saraswati 8. Pusha

6. Kuhu 7. Saraswati 8. Pusha 9. Shankhini 10. Payaswini

11. Varuni 12. Alambhusha 13. Vishvodhara 14. Yashaswini

The Nadis: Sushumna

The Nadis: Sushumna Sushumna is the main Nadi in the subtle body through which Prana flows
The Nadis: Sushumna Sushumna is the main Nadi in the subtle body through which Prana flows

Sushumna is the main Nadi in the subtle body through which Prana flows to the other Nadis.

subtle body through which Prana flows to the other Nadis. → It is the central nadi

It is the central nadi arising from the Muladhara Chakra and ascending to the Sahasrara Chakra.

Awakened Kundalini rises through this nadi.

The Chakras are strung around the Sushumna Nadi (see drawing on following page).

The Nadis: Ida & Pingala

The Nadis: Ida & Pingala The Ida and Pingala arise at the Muladhara Chakra and go
The Nadis: Ida & Pingala The Ida and Pingala arise at the Muladhara Chakra and go

The Ida and Pingala arise at the Muladhara Chakra and go around Sushumna like a snake and end at the left (Ida) and right (Pingala) nostrils.

The nostril through which we breathe alternates roughly every two hours. To balance the energy in both nostrils, Nadi Shodhanam (alternative nostril breathing) is performed.

As breath and mind are connected together (Pranamaya and Manomaya Kosha), breathing becomes imbalanced due to negative emotions such as grief, anxiety, tension, hysteria, manic depression, etc. Pranayama balances the breathing and helps to calm the Mind.

Processed foods, canned foods, negative emotions, too many medicines and illegal or manufactured drugs block the nadis and affect the flow of Prana.

drugs block the nadis and affect the flow of Prana. Ida Pingala Starts on left side
drugs block the nadis and affect the flow of Prana. Ida Pingala Starts on left side

Ida

Pingala

Starts on left side

Starts on right side

Chandra (Lunar)

Surya (Solar)

Cooling

Heating

White (Kapha)

Red (Pitta)

Feminine energy

Masculine energy

Promotes emotion, feeling, love and attachment.

Promotes reason, perception, analysis and discrimination.

Balancing the Nadis The key to the health of the subtle body is in balancing

Balancing the Nadis

Balancing the Nadis The key to the health of the subtle body is in balancing the

The key to the health of the subtle body is in balancing the flow of energy through the nadis. Therefore Nadi Shodhanam or Alternate Nostril Breathing is very important. Just like the channels of the physical body, the nadis can be vitiated by excess or deficient flow, blockage of flow or flow outside of their proper course.

Cleansing the Nadis

Meditation (of a more formless or

s

il

ent nature).

Pranayama

Mantra chanting and using gems or gem therapy.

Yoga asanas, sattvic diet, herbs such

as Vacha, Brahmi and Sandalwood.

Mantra chanting and using gems or gem therapy. → Yoga asanas, sattvic diet, herbs such as
Balancing the Nadis Causes of Derangement → Unhealthy attitudes → Negative emotions → Egoism →

Balancing the Nadis

Balancing the Nadis Causes of Derangement → Unhealthy attitudes → Negative emotions → Egoism → Poor

Causes of Derangement

Unhealthy attitudes

Negative emotions

Egoism

Poor intake of impressions

Physical factors such as improper diet (too heavy or Ama-forming food), lack of exercise (or shallow breathing) and excess sex.

Causes of Blockage

Suppression of emotion
Drugs
Forceful exercise, breathing or meditation practices.

→ Forceful exercise, breathing or meditation practices. Imbalance Manifestation Excess flow Hyperactivity

Imbalance

Manifestation

Excess flow

Hyperactivity of the mind, hysteria, dizziness, vertigo, insomnia, vivid dreams, hallucinations.

Deficient

Hypoactivity of mind and emotions, dullness of the senses, fatigue.

flow

Blockage

Emotional blockage, nervous tension, difficulty in self-expression, severe emotional pain.

Flow outside

Hallucinations, severe mental emotional or nervous pain, inappropriate and extreme emotional outbursts, neurosis, insanity Illegal drugs act by first increasing the flow of prana through the nadis by over stimulating nadis and then nadis become weak, causing deficient flow. So the final effect is weak flow of prana.

proper

channels

Kundalini Kundalini is the dormant spiritual energy residing at the Muladhara Chakra in a coiled

Kundalini

Kundalini Kundalini is the dormant spiritual energy residing at the Muladhara Chakra in a coiled serpent

Kundalini is the dormant spiritual energy residing at the Muladhara Chakra in a coiled serpent shape. By yogic or Mantra practices the Kundalini Shakti can be awakened. Once active, it ascends through the Sushumna nadi towards the Sahasrara Chakra and the realization of the different planes of consciousness occurs, revealing the Siddhis of yoga sadhana.

consciousness occurs, revealing the Siddhis of yoga sadhana. We can be perfectly healthy even if the
We can be perfectly healthy even if the kundalini is not awakened. Kundalini Shakti is
We can be perfectly healthy even if the kundalini is
not awakened. Kundalini Shakti is an important part
of spiritual process.
be perfectly healthy even if the kundalini is not awakened. Kundalini Shakti is an important part
The Aura → The aura represents the radiant energy emitted by the five sheaths. →

The Aura

The Aura → The aura represents the radiant energy emitted by the five sheaths. → It

The aura represents the radiant energy emitted by the five sheaths.

It is the energy field of the astral body.

Clean flow through the nadi causes the aura to appear clear and intact.

A weak aura is reflected in a weak immune system.

The aura is the first line of defense against psychic disease.

The aura’s strength is directly related to Ojas.

Strengthening the aura involves building Ojas.

disease. → The aura’s strength is directly related to Ojas. → Strengthening the aura involves building
disease. → The aura’s strength is directly related to Ojas. → Strengthening the aura involves building
The Chakras The Chakras are part of the subtle body. These are the subtle centers

The Chakras

The Chakras The Chakras are part of the subtle body. These are the subtle centers of
The Chakras The Chakras are part of the subtle body. These are the subtle centers of

The Chakras are part of the subtle body. These are the subtle centers of vital energy and centers of consciousness. Each Chakra has control over and functions in relation to a particular center in the gross physical body. For example: The Anahata Chakra is related to the cardiac plexus.

Each Chakra is related to the Panchabhoutic Tattvas as well as certain emotions and mental qualities.

When Kundalini awakens, it passes from the Muladhara to the Sahasrara and through all the Chakras. At each center the yogi experiences different Siddhis, (psychic powers) and acquires knowledge. He or she enjoys supreme bliss when the Kundalini rises to the Sahasrara Chakra. In super consciousness, the body takes on a new dimension composed of energy, light and thought combinations of currents that emanate from the elementally creative vibrations of earth, water, fire, air and ether.

combinations of currents that emanate from the elementally creative vibrations of earth, water, fire, air and
The Chakras (Cont’d) Each Chakra has a beej mantra , a seed vibrational sound represented

The Chakras (Cont’d)

The Chakras (Cont’d) Each Chakra has a beej mantra , a seed vibrational sound represented by
The Chakras (Cont’d) Each Chakra has a beej mantra , a seed vibrational sound represented by

Each Chakra has a beej mantra, a seed vibrational sound represented by the Sanskrit alphabet. It also has a particular number of petals representing the number of Nadis originating from that particular Chakra.

The Chakras express themselves in the external world through their respective orifices. Hence listening is the highest art and is able to free the consciousness.

At these sites we can apply various gems or oils to help harmonize the respective Chakra’s energy or perform various types of bodywork. The first five Chakras control the corresponding sense organs and organs of action and have related orifices on the physical body.

five Chakras control the corresponding sense organs and organs of action and have related orifices on

Muladhara Chakra

Muladhara Chakra The Root Center → The seat of earth element. → Has four petals. →
Muladhara Chakra The Root Center → The seat of earth element. → Has four petals. →
The Root Center
The Root Center

The seat of earth element.

Has four petals.

Color: Red

Seed Syllable: Lam

Located at the base of the spine.

Muladhara means root support.

Rules the sense organ of smell: The nose and its organ of action, the anus (elimination).

The seat of Apana Vayu, the downward moving air.

On a physical level, it relates to the coccyx and to the excretory system.

In the endocrine system, it works through the adrenals.

On a psychological level, it is the site of ignorance and fear (chitta).

system, it works through the adrenals. → On a psychological level, it is the site of
system, it works through the adrenals. → On a psychological level, it is the site of

Swadhisthana Chakra

Swadhisthana Chakra The Sacral Center → The seat of water. → Has six petals. → Color:
Swadhisthana Chakra The Sacral Center → The seat of water. → Has six petals. → Color:
The Sacral Center
The Sacral Center

The seat of water.

Has six petals.

Color: Dark blue

Seed Syllable: Vam

Located just above the root center in the region of the sex organs.

Swadhisthana means self abode, as it is here where the Kundalini energy resides when coiled or hidden.

Controls the sense organ of taste: The tongue and its organ of action - the urethra and/or penis.

The seat of Apana Vayu or downward moving air.

On a physical level it relates to the sacral plexus and to the urogenital system.

In the endocrine system it relates to the testes in men and the uterus in women.

On a psychological level it is the site of desire and the desire mind (kama manas).

in men and the uterus in women. → On a psychological level it is the site
in men and the uterus in women. → On a psychological level it is the site

Manipura Chakra

Manipura Chakra The Navel Center → The seat of fire. → Has ten petals. → Color:
Manipura Chakra The Navel Center → The seat of fire. → Has ten petals. → Color:
The Navel Center
The Navel Center

The seat of fire.

Has ten petals.

Color: Dark blue

Seed Syllable: Ram

Located behind the navel.

Manipura means the city of gems.

Rules the sense organ of sight: The eyes, and their organ of action, the feet (movement).

Seat of Samana Vayu, the equalizing air.

On a physical level it relates to the solar plexus and to the digestive system (particularly the liver and small intestine).

Of the endocrine glands it relates to the pancreas.

On a psychological level it relates to the ego (ahankara).

→ Of the endocrine glands it relates to the pancreas. → On a psychological level it
→ Of the endocrine glands it relates to the pancreas. → On a psychological level it
Anahata Chakra The Heart Center → The seat of air. → Has 12 petals. →

Anahata Chakra

Anahata Chakra The Heart Center → The seat of air. → Has 12 petals. → Color:
Anahata Chakra The Heart Center → The seat of air. → Has 12 petals. → Color:
The Heart Center
The Heart Center

The seat of air.

Has 12 petals.

Color: Deep red

Seed syllable: Yam

Located at the level of the heart.

Anahata means unstruck sound; it is from here that the inner sounds of the subtle body arise.

It rules the sense organ of touch: The skin and its organ of action, the hands (grasping).

It is the seat of Vyana Vayu, the outward moving air

On a physical level it relates to the heart plexus and to the circulatory system.

In the endocrine system it works through the thymus.

On a psychological level it is the site of the intelligence (buddhi) and is the source of aspiration.

the thymus. → On a psychological level it is the site of the intelligence (buddhi) and
the thymus. → On a psychological level it is the site of the intelligence (buddhi) and

Vishuddha Chakra

Vishuddha Chakra The Throat Center → The seat of ether. → Has sixteen petals. → Seed
Vishuddha Chakra The Throat Center → The seat of ether. → Has sixteen petals. → Seed
Vishuddha Chakra The Throat Center → The seat of ether. → Has sixteen petals. → Seed
The Throat Center
The Throat Center

The seat of ether.

Has sixteen petals.

Seed Syllable: Ham

Located in the region of the throat.

Vishuddha means very pure, as this center is very subtle.

It rules the sense organ of sound: The ears, and the organ of action, the mouth (expression).

The seat of Udana Vayu, the upward moving air.

On a physical level it relates to the throat and larynx and to the respiratory system.

In the endocrine system it works through the thyroid.

On a psychological level it is the site of the individual soul (Jiva) and is the source of inspiration.

the thyroid. → On a psychological level it is the site of the individual soul (Jiva)

Ajna (Agya) Chakra

Ajna (Agya) Chakra The Third Eye Center → The seat of mind (antahkarana), as well as
Ajna (Agya) Chakra The Third Eye Center → The seat of mind (antahkarana), as well as
Ajna (Agya) Chakra The Third Eye Center → The seat of mind (antahkarana), as well as
The Third Eye Center
The Third Eye Center

The seat of mind (antahkarana), as well as the primary prana or life-force.

Has two petals.

Seed Syllable: Ksham, meaning patience, peace and fortitude.

Ajna means command and this is called the center of command, as from here the other Chakras are guided.

On an outer level, it rules the mind as both a sense organ and organ of action.

On a physical level it relates to the cerebellum and medulla oblongata, and governs the involuntary nervous system.

In the endocrine system it works through the pituitary gland.

On an inner or psychological level it is the site of the universal soul (atman).

works through the pituitary gland. → On an inner or psychological level it is the site

Sahasrara/Sahasra Padma Chakra

Sahasrara/Sahasra Padma Chakra The Crown Center Also: The Astral Brain; The Thousand-Petaled Lotus → The seat
Sahasrara/Sahasra Padma Chakra The Crown Center Also: The Astral Brain; The Thousand-Petaled Lotus → The seat
The Crown Center Also: The Astral Brain; The Thousand-Petaled Lotus
The Crown Center
Also: The Astral Brain; The Thousand-Petaled Lotus
Center Also: The Astral Brain; The Thousand-Petaled Lotus → The seat of the spirit (Atman or

The seat of the spirit (Atman or Purusha).

Has one thousand petals.

Seed Syllable: Om.

As the seat of the true Self it is the source and guide of all the energies of the body, the essence of life itself.

On a physical level it relates to the cerebrum and governs the voluntary nervous system. In the endocrine system it functions through the pineal gland.

At the psychological level it is the location of the supreme Self (paramatman).

functions through the pineal gland. → At the psychological level it is the location of the
functions through the pineal gland. → At the psychological level it is the location of the
functions through the pineal gland. → At the psychological level it is the location of the
functions through the pineal gland. → At the psychological level it is the location of the
functions through the pineal gland. → At the psychological level it is the location of the
functions through the pineal gland. → At the psychological level it is the location of the
functions through the pineal gland. → At the psychological level it is the location of the
functions through the pineal gland. → At the psychological level it is the location of the
functions through the pineal gland. → At the psychological level it is the location of the
functions through the pineal gland. → At the psychological level it is the location of the
functions through the pineal gland. → At the psychological level it is the location of the
functions through the pineal gland. → At the psychological level it is the location of the
functions through the pineal gland. → At the psychological level it is the location of the
functions through the pineal gland. → At the psychological level it is the location of the
functions through the pineal gland. → At the psychological level it is the location of the
functions through the pineal gland. → At the psychological level it is the location of the

The Chakras and the Gunas

The Chakras and the Gunas 1. The Sattvic person has his consciousness centered in Agya Chakra
The Chakras and the Gunas 1. The Sattvic person has his consciousness centered in Agya Chakra

1. The Sattvic person has his consciousness centered in Agya Chakra (spiritual Chakra). He/she rises continually in spiritual understanding.

2. The Rajasic person is centered in the Anahata Chakra (dorsal center), the midpoint between the higher spiritual and lower sensory Chakras. He/she has a power to turn his consciousness upwards toward the spiritual centers or downwards to the infernal spheres of delusion.

3. The Tamasic person’s mind is confined to the three lower Chakras. His mind dwells in sensory habits and becomes a prisoner of Maya in the world of duality, inertia and suffering.

Chakras. His mind dwells in sensory habits and becomes a prisoner of Maya in the world

The Chakras and the Doshas

The Chakras and the Doshas Most physiological functions occur mainly through the three lower Chakras. They
The Chakras and the Doshas Most physiological functions occur mainly through the three lower Chakras. They

Most physiological functions occur mainly through the three lower Chakras. They govern most of the processes in the physical body. The higher Chakras work on the subtle bodies.

1. The Muladhara Chakra is related to Vata and metabolism of the earth element. Many Vata disorders are due to imbalanced energy at this Chakra.

2. The Swadhisthan Chakra is related to Kapha and metabolism of the water element. Many Kapha problems are due to an imbalance at this Chakra.

3. The Manipura Chakra is related to Pitta and metabolism of the fire element. Most Pitta problems involve a dysfunction of the Manipura Chakra

related to Pitta and metabolism of the fire element. Most Pitta problems involve a dysfunction of

The Chakras and the Doshas

The Chakras and the Doshas Chakra Relates to Location Notes Muladhara The power to stay away
The Chakras and the Doshas Chakra Relates to Location Notes Muladhara The power to stay away

Chakra

Relates to

Location

Notes

Muladhara

The power to stay away from evil. The active power of resistance.

Vibratory

n/a

earth

element in

coccyx

 

center.

Swadhisthan

Adherence power to obey beneficial rules.

Vibratory

n/a

water

 

element in

sacral center.

Manipura

Self control.

Vibratory fire

The Manipura Chakra holds the body upright and causes a purification of the body and mind. It also makes meditation possible. It is the turning point of the devotee’s life from gross materialism to finer spiritual qualities. From the lumbar to the sacral to the coccygeal center, the life and consciousness flow downward and outward to a materialistic, sense-bound body consciousness. In meditation, when the devotee assists life and consciousness to be pulled to the higher dorsal centers, the power of this fiery center upholds the spiritual work of the devotee through the power of the higher centers.

 

element in

Lumbar

center

The Chakras and the Doshas

The Chakras and the Doshas Chakra Relates to Location Notes Anahata The power of vitality or
The Chakras and the Doshas Chakra Relates to Location Notes Anahata The power of vitality or

Chakra

Relates to

Location

Notes

Anahata

The power of vitality or prana.

Vibratory air element in dorsal center.

The power of this center helps the devotee in the practice of healthy techniques of Pranayama to calm the breath and control the mind and sensory desires. It represents the power to still the internal and external organs and destroy the invasion of passion (sex, greed, anger). It is the destroyer of disease and doubt. This is the center of divine love and creativity.

Vishuddha

Divine calmness.

Vibratory ether element in cervical center.

Represents the power of intuitive imagination; the ability to imagine or visualize a truth until it manifests.

Adnya

The state of cosmic consciousness.

Located in the medulla, guiding divine intelligence to the lower self

n/a

The state of cosmic consciousness. Located in the medulla, guiding divine intelligence to the lower self

The Psychological Personality

The Psychological Personality Dosha Vata Pitta Kapha Personality Nervous, anxious, changes mind
The Psychological Personality Dosha Vata Pitta Kapha Personality Nervous, anxious, changes mind

Dosha

Vata

Pitta

Kapha

Personality

Nervous, anxious, changes mind

Determined, Confident, aggressive, out going

Calm, content, happy

Mental Tendency

Confused, spacey, scattered, restless

Irritable, jealous, angry

Dull, heavy, refuse to change

Decision-Making

Changes mind, decision not well- considered

Easy to make decision, gets good results

Hard to make decisions, likes to follow others

Hobbies

Dancing, traveling, flying (action)

Politics, sports (winning)

Reading, gardening, walk in the nature, knitting (joy)

Planning

Never plans, does things spur-of- moment

List makers, always organized

Relies on other people’s plan

Memory

Remembers but quickly forgets; Poor memory

Always remember (selective memory); Sharp

Slow learner, takes time but never forgets, remembers minor things

Career

Sales, marketing

Presidents, CEO, Directors

Administrators, Teacher

Mind

In the future

In the present

In the past

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Diet

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Diet Sattvic Ahara → Organic, light and mildly spiced foods. → Milk, nuts,
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Diet Sattvic Ahara → Organic, light and mildly spiced foods. → Milk, nuts,

Sattvic Ahara

Organic, light and mildly spiced foods.

Milk, nuts, fresh vegetables and fruit.

Less in quantity.

No alcohol.

Daily Routine

Meditation

Pranayama

Reading spiritual scriptures, books

Attending support groups

Daily Routine → Meditation → Pranayama → Reading spiritual scriptures, books → Attending support groups
Daily Routine → Meditation → Pranayama → Reading spiritual scriptures, books → Attending support groups

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation Meditation is a process of directing mind inwards, towards pure awareness. A
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation Meditation is a process of directing mind inwards, towards pure awareness. A

Meditation is a process of directing mind inwards, towards pure awareness.

A symbol may be used for concentrating the mind and making it single pointed.

By meditation we experience:

Peace or calmness within

Clarity of mind

Single-pointedness, which sharpens thought

processes

Increased concentration

Increased power of discrimination

More energy

Everlasting happiness

processes → Increased concentration → Increased power of discrimination → More energy → Everlasting happiness
processes → Increased concentration → Increased power of discrimination → More energy → Everlasting happiness
processes → Increased concentration → Increased power of discrimination → More energy → Everlasting happiness

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation Things Required for Meditation → Proper environment (see below). → Specific
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation Things Required for Meditation → Proper environment (see below). → Specific

Things Required for Meditation

Proper environment (see below).

Specific position.

Proper state of mind.

The Proper Environment for Meditation

Calm and comfortable spot in a quiet room.

Picture of the deity you prefer.

Incense and calming music to create the spiritual environment.

Praying before meditation always helps as it gives us the power to attain and sustain all the necessary requirements for meditation.

Anybody or anything which guides your mind to follow the divine path is your guru. It can be a person, a book, or a simple thought.

anything which guides your mind to follow the divine path is your guru. It can be
anything which guides your mind to follow the divine path is your guru. It can be

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation Postures to Benefit Meditation As your mental condition affects your physical posture,
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation Postures to Benefit Meditation As your mental condition affects your physical posture,

Postures to Benefit Meditation

As your mental condition affects your physical posture, your physical posture also affects your mental attitude. So proper positioning helps achieve proper mental condition, develops a devotional mood and helps slow down the restlessness.

1. Sit comfortably on a flat cushion or folded blanket with legs folded (lotus pose) or on a chair.

2. Keep the back straight and shoulders pulled backwards (so there are no kinks in the Nadis).

3. Keep the hands in the middle of the lap with the fingers of the right hand interlocked with those of the left. This helps to put your weight down on your base and it completes the circle of nadis through which the energy flows.

4. Relax all of the muscles of your body. Relaxing these muscles revitalizes the cells. To do this, close your eyes and concentrate on each part of your body and relax the muscles, one by one. For example, start by relaxing only the facial and neck muscle and then concentrate on the chest and abdomen and relax them as well. Concentrate on and relax your upper arm, lower arm, hands up to the fingertips and in the same way, relax your hips and legs down through each individual toe.

relax your hips and legs down through each individual toe. This relaxed pose is beneficial to

This relaxed pose is beneficial to divert attention inwards.

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation Preparing the Mind for Meditation The human mind functions on three levels:
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation Preparing the Mind for Meditation The human mind functions on three levels:

Preparing the Mind for Meditation

The human mind functions on three levels:

1. Conscious: The present or surface mind containing thoughts, fully realized.

2. Subconscious: Contains unfinished thoughts, undigested experiences and buried emotions.

3. Unconscious: Contains unknown instincts, impulses and emotions which show up suddenly and unexpectedly in various circumstances.

While meditating, you have to calm your conscious mind by withdrawing it from your senses and directing it inwards or focusing on a symbol. For this purpose, Prayer or Japa helps. It rids the mind of thoughts and makes it lighter to enter the subtler fields of meditation.

Whenever the conscious mind is quiet, the subconscious floats up. You see dreams. So dreams
Whenever the conscious mind is quiet, the subconscious floats up. You see dreams. So dreams are nature’s way
to relieve tensions and pressures created in the mind.

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation How to Achieve a Calmer State of Mind Purification of the mind
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation How to Achieve a Calmer State of Mind Purification of the mind

How to Achieve a Calmer State of Mind

Purification of the mind is necessary for meditation. If the mirror is oily, the face reflected in it will look oily. No matter how clean your face is, it will not look clear until the mirror is clear or clean.

For This:

1. Observe your each and every activity.

2. After self-analysis, try to find any weaknesses, faults or negative thoughts if you have those in you.

3. When you are aware of all the negative emotions, you will automatically rid yourself of them through your awareness.

4. The next very important step is to fill your mind with good, positive and constructive thoughts.

your awareness. 4. The next very important step is to fill your mind with good, positive

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation How to Achieve a Calmer State of Mind The flow of thoughts
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation How to Achieve a Calmer State of Mind The flow of thoughts

How to Achieve a Calmer State of Mind

The flow of thoughts is to the mind as the flow of water is to the river. The nature of water defines the nature of the river. In the same way, the nature of thoughts defines the nature of the mind and the individual is a mirror image of their mind. If their thoughts are positive, their mind is positive and if their thoughts are agitated, their mind is agitated. In order to take control of the mind, we must control our thoughts. To do this, we can either change the quantity, quality or direction of flow of these thoughts.

must control our thoughts. To do this, we can either change the quantity, quality or direction
must control our thoughts. To do this, we can either change the quantity, quality or direction

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation How to Achieve a Calmer State of Mind Decreasing or controlling the
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation How to Achieve a Calmer State of Mind Decreasing or controlling the

How to Achieve a Calmer State of Mind

Decreasing or controlling the quantity of thoughts is achieved by dedicating or surrendering all the activities to the energy behind all things – Called by some to be the lord, the creator or the matrix. When you surrender these thoughts to an ideal, your mind automatically becomes peaceful and is ready for remolding. This path is called Karma Yoga.

The quality of your thoughts depends on the object from which they are originated. In the company of good books, noble people, inspiring ideals, one’s devotion to god or a higher power will control or change the quality of their thoughts. This path is called Bhakti Yoga.

The direction of thoughts is changed by following path of knowledge. For example: Reading spiritual books or listening to yogis, etc. This path is called Gyana Yoga.

path of knowledge. For example: Reading spiritual books or listening to yogis, etc. This path is

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation Japa Japa is the continuous chanting of mantras. It allows the busy
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation Japa Japa is the continuous chanting of mantras. It allows the busy

Japa

Japa is the continuous chanting of mantras. It allows the busy mind to behave with order and rhythm. It increases single- pointedness or concentration of the mind necessary for meditation. It also increases the mental discipline necessary for spiritual progress.

1. Sit in a quiet and calm place comfortably, preferably in folded leg position.

2. Keep the picture of the Lord in front of you at such a height, that when you sit, the feet of lord will be at the level of your eyes.

3. Have a mala of 108 beads ready for Japa near you.

4. Look at the Lord’s face, body, legs and feet. Slowly gaze up from feet, legs, and body to the face of the Lord. Close your eyes and try to feel the presence of god in you and visualize the Lord exactly as in the picture, in the right side of physical heart. This is the spiritual heart center in you and if you meditate on it, your success will be doubled.

5. Repeat chosen mantra few times slowly and steadily with love. This gives you the feeling of devotion to start Japa.

6. Take mala, and search for the off bead or meru. Start Japa from that bead. The mala rests on the ring finger and move the bead by your middle finger and thumb towards you after each repetition of mantra. Allow index finger to stand apart. (We use index finger to express bad qualities. Also it is used to express duality.)

7. When you have repeated mantra for 108 times, turn the mala and start again to finish second mala.

to express duality.) 7. When you have repeated mantra for 108 times, turn the mala and

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation Mantras Mantras are the symbols expressing particular views of God and the
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation Mantras Mantras are the symbols expressing particular views of God and the

Mantras

Mantras are the symbols expressing particular views of God and the Universe. Every Mantra has a certain deity.

Some examples of mantra:

Of all the mantras Om or Aum is the most powerful and significant mantra. It is also called pranava. Om is the symbol of the infinite. Each mantra begins with Om.

,

In Sanskrit O is composed of A and U. So Om is also written as AUM.

Aum has 4 aspects:

A

is the beginning

U

is the existence

M is the decline The moment of silence

is the existence M is the decline The moment of silence Tat Tvamasi Aham Brahmasmi Om

Tat Tvamasi Aham Brahmasmi Om Namah Shivaya Om Shri Rama Jaya Rama Jaya Jaya Rama

Om Namah Shivaya Om Shri Rama Jaya Rama Jaya Jaya Rama Om represents both the manifest
Om represents both the manifest and unmanifest which together constitute the entire gross and subtle
Om
represents
both
the
manifest
and
unmanifest
which
together constitute the entire gross and subtle worlds.

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation The Final Thoughtless State of Meditation After practicing chants, slowly reduce the
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Meditation The Final Thoughtless State of Meditation After practicing chants, slowly reduce the

The Final Thoughtless State of Meditation

After practicing chants, slowly reduce the tone and begin whispering until your whispers become echoes in the cavern of your mind. Slowly allow the whisper to dissolve and disappear into the silence. When you reach this thoughtless state, stay here as long as you can.

whisper to dissolve and disappear into the silence. When you reach this thoughtless state, stay here
whisper to dissolve and disappear into the silence. When you reach this thoughtless state, stay here

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama What is Prana? Prana is a subtle form of energy that is
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama What is Prana? Prana is a subtle form of energy that is

What is Prana?

Prana is a subtle form of energy that is carried through the breath, water, food, emotions and thoughts. It is not air or Oxygen but it is in the air and oxygen. Prana is a vital link between physical, subtle and the casual body, and flows through the Nadis (subtle energy channels).

,

Prana is life. We can live for days without water or food, but we will die in minutes if we do not breathe. We are not aware of our breathing most of the time. Besides bringing more oxygen to the blood, breathing can control the mind and physical body (Pranamaya Kosha - A bridge between the body and mind - influences both).

- A bridge between the body and mind - influences both). When the breath wanders, the
When the breath wanders, the mind becomes unsteady, And when the breath is still, the
When the breath wanders,
the mind becomes unsteady,
And when the breath is still,
the mind becomes tranquil.
Hatha Yoga Pradipica

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama What is Prana? Pranayama is Ayama , the control, of Prana ,
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama What is Prana? Pranayama is Ayama , the control, of Prana ,

What is Prana?

Pranayama is Ayama, the control, of Prana, the life energy. Thus, pranayama is a control of Life energy. Pranayama consists of series of exercises intended to keep the body in vibrant health. In Pranayama, the breathing is done consciously. We become aware of every inhalation and exhalation.

Pranayama:

Revitalizes the body

Steadies the emotions

Clears the mind

of every inhalation and exhalation. Pranayama: → Revitalizes the body → Steadies the emotions → Clears
of every inhalation and exhalation. Pranayama: → Revitalizes the body → Steadies the emotions → Clears

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama What is Prana? Mind and breath are connected. The state of mind
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama What is Prana? Mind and breath are connected. The state of mind

What is Prana?

Mind and breath are connected. The state of mind is reflected in the breath. When the mind becomes agitated, the breath loses its normal rhythm. When we are sad, angry, or scared, our breath becomes irregular, shallow and rapid. When we are relaxed or in deep thought, the breath also becomes quiet, slow and prolonged. Therefore, by simply observing the breath, we can be aware of what is happening inside. The more we become aware of breath, the disturbance, the negativity of the mind disappears and it becomes pure and peaceful.

In order to facilitate the flow of Prana, Pranayama is done sitting down with the spine, neck and head in a straight line sitting either in a lotus pose or in a chair.

is done sitting down with the spine, neck and head in a straight line sitting either
is done sitting down with the spine, neck and head in a straight line sitting either

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama Breathing should always be done nasally and not orally (with few exceptions
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama Breathing should always be done nasally and not orally (with few exceptions

Breathing should always be done nasally and not orally (with few exceptions of certain Pranayama exercises) for the following reasons:

The air is filtered through the nasal hairs.

The air becomes warm due to its long nasal passage.

Prana reaches the subtle body, through olfactory nerves, which are situated at the back of the nose (not in the mouth).

Prana reaches the subtle body, through olfactory nerves, which are situated at the back of the
Prana reaches the subtle body, through olfactory nerves, which are situated at the back of the

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama Diaphragmatic Breathing During inhalation, the abdomen expands and the diaphragm moves
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama Diaphragmatic Breathing During inhalation, the abdomen expands and the diaphragm moves

Diaphragmatic Breathing

During inhalation, the abdomen expands and the diaphragm moves down pulling the lungs with it to create more vacuums to take Prana in from the surrounding. During exhalation abdomen contracts, diaphragm moves up and the lungs contract so the Prana is circulated in the body.

During exhalation abdomen contracts, diaphragm moves up and the lungs contract so the Prana is circulated
During exhalation abdomen contracts, diaphragm moves up and the lungs contract so the Prana is circulated

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama 1:2 Breathing 1. Sit in a lotus pose or in a chair.
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama 1:2 Breathing 1. Sit in a lotus pose or in a chair.

1:2 Breathing

1. Sit in a lotus pose or in a chair.

2. Close the eyes.

3. Keep the hands on knees with palms facing up and joining the thumb and index finger.

4. Inhale diaphragmatically for 2 seconds and exhale for 4 seconds.

5. Repeat this process 10 times. Concentrate the mind on each breath. Observe that the breath is cooler when it enters the body and warmer as you exhale.

Concentrate the mind on each breath. Observe that the breath is cooler when it enters the

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama Alternate Nostril Breathing (Nadi Shodhanam) 1. Sit in lotus pose or in
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama Alternate Nostril Breathing (Nadi Shodhanam) 1. Sit in lotus pose or in

Alternate Nostril Breathing (Nadi Shodhanam)

1. Sit in lotus pose or in a chair.

2. Close the eyes. Do not force the breath. Keep it slow, controlled and without any jerks or sounds.

3. Keep your right thumb on the side of your right nostril and your right ring finger on the side of your left nostril.

4. Close the right nostril with the thumb and inhale through your left nostril for two seconds.

5. Close your left nostril with your ring and little finger and exhale through the right nostril for four seconds. Repeat this procedure three times.

6. Breathe in through the right nostril for 2 seconds, closing the left nostril.

7. Breathe out through the left nostril for 4 seconds, closing the finger right nostril

Repeat this procedure three times. Breathe in and out through both nostrils three times. This is one cycle. Start from three cycles every time and increase to 21 in few months.

through both nostrils three times. This is one cycle. Start from three cycles every time and

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama Kapalbhati The literal meaning of Kapalbhati is shining skull . Sit with
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Pranayama Kapalbhati The literal meaning of Kapalbhati is shining skull . Sit with

Kapalbhati

The literal meaning of Kapalbhati is shining skull.

Sit with the head, neck and trunk upright and aligned. Using the diaphragm and the abdominal muscles, quickly and forcefully exhale. Inhale passively and slowly. Repeat this cycle in rapid succession. Begin with nine repetitions and increase gradually to as many repetitions as you like. This massages all the digestive organs, circulates Prana, cleanses the respiratory passages and is very calming to the mind.

massages all the digestive organs, circulates Prana, cleanses the respiratory passages and is very calming to

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Be Here Now

The Sattvic Lifestyle: Be Here Now We are wherever our mind is. Most of the time,
The Sattvic Lifestyle: Be Here Now We are wherever our mind is. Most of the time,

We are wherever our mind is. Most of the time, our mind is in the past or the future. Very rarely is it in the present. We spend these precious moments of presence regretting the things we did or did not do in the past. Or we worry anxiously and fearfully about future possibilities which are yet to come. Unfortunately we do not have control either on the past or in the future, because we cannot do anything in these periods. The past is a history and the future is a mystery. The present is the gift, and we can use these precious moments to do something noble in our life. Be in the present.

What is the present? If today is the present, the last night is the past and tomorrow morning is the future. If it is noon right now 11.59 is the past and 12.01 is the future. So what is the present? The present is the presence of mind. Whenever our mind is present, it is in present tense. Let your mind be present at all the moments and your life will be a continuous train of Now—Now—Now— Now— Now—Now…

Meditation is not just sitting down, closing your eyes and focusing on the breath. You can spend your whole day in a meditative state when you are doing things mindfully, with full awareness. When you are reading, let your mind read with you. When you are eating let your mind eat with you. When you are gardening, let your mind touch the energy (mind) of the plants. When we live in such a meditative state, each moment we are Happy, in Harmony and in a state of Bliss.

of the plants. When we live in such a meditative state, each moment we are Happy,
of the plants. When we live in such a meditative state, each moment we are Happy,
of the plants. When we live in such a meditative state, each moment we are Happy,

Trinity

Vata

Pitta

Kapha

Sattva

Rajas

Tamas

Consciousness

Energy

Matter

 

Index

Middle

Ring Finger

 

Brahma

Vishnu

Mahesh

Future

Present

Past

Production

Maintenance

Destruction

Aa

Uu

Ma

Catabolism

Metabolism

Anabolism

Adhyatmik

Adhidaivik

Adhibhautik

Holy Spirit

Father

Son

Rishi

Devata

Chandas

Observer

Observation

Observed

Knowledge

Knowing

Known

Sarasvati

Laxmi

Durga

Samaveda

Yajurveda

Artharvaveda

Prana

Tejas

Ojas

Zeus

Apollo

Dionysus

Indra

Agni

Varun

Gas

Liquid

Solid

Proton

Electron

Neutron

Tulsi

Durva

Bilva

Life force

Light force

Love force

Liquid Solid Proton Electron Neutron Tulsi Durva Bilva Life force Light force Love force
Liquid Solid Proton Electron Neutron Tulsi Durva Bilva Life force Light force Love force