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Anderson Junior College

2015 Preliminary Examination


H2 Mathematics Paper 1 (9740/01)

x+2
< 2x +1.
2x 1

2x2 + 1 2 + x2
.
<
2 x2
x2

Do not use a graphic calculator in answering this question.


2x

It is given that sin x >

(i)

[6]

Explain why

sin x

dx <

< arg ( z 4) 2 < 2

(iii)

Sketch clearly the locus of z on an Argand diagram.

[3]

(ii)

Find the range of values of | z 8 | .

[2]

(iii) Find maximum value of arg( z 8) .

[3]

2x

dx .

[2]

Hence show that

e sin x dx =

e sin u du .

[2]

( e 1)

[3]

e sin x dx <

A curve C1 has the equation p 2 x 2 y 2 = p 2 where p > 1 .


(i)

Sketch C1, stating the coordinates of any points of intersection with the axes,
[3]

(ii)

the coordinates of any stationary points and the equations of any asymptotes in
terms of p.
C1 undergoes a single transformation to become C2. Given that C2 has a line of
symmetry x = 2 and the point (4,3) lies on C2, find p.

[2]

(iii)

The graph of y = f ( x) is given below. It has a maximum point at x = 1 and a

The diagram shows the curve C with equation y = 2sin x and the line L with
8
1
equation y =
x . C and L intersect at the point where x = .
3
2

(i)

By making the substitution u = x , show that

The complex number z satisfies

for 0 < x <

and

[7]

[3]

(ii)

z 4 3i 2

radians and AC = 3.

2 3
a + b + c 2 ,
2 + 2 3 2
where a, b and c are constants to be determined in exact form.

dy x + 5
It is given that
= 2 and when x = 0, y = 5. Find the Maclaurins series
dx
y
expansion for y, up to and including the term in x3 , leaving the coefficients in exact
form.

AB

[3]

6
2

Given that is sufficiently small, show that

Without using a graphic calculator, solve the inequality


Hence find the exact solution of the inequality

In the triangle ABC, angle BAC = radians, angle ACB =

horizontal asymptote y = 0 .
y

x
C
L

x
1

The region S is defined by y 2sin 1 x , y

8
x
3

and x 0 .

Sketch the graph of y = f ( x) on the same diagram as C1.

Find the exact volume of the solid obtained when S is rotated through 2 radians

about the y-axis.

[6]
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AJC / 2015 Preliminary Examination / 9740 / P1

Hence, state the number of roots of the equation p 2 x 2 [ f ( x)] = p 2 .

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AJC / 2015 Preliminary Examination / 9740 / P1

[4]

8 (i) Prove by the method of mathematical induction that

11

2
11
2n + 9
(r + 3)(r + 5) = 30 ( n + 4 )( n + 5) .
r =2
n+4

(ii) Hence find

[5]

r (r + 2) .

[3]

r =4

n+4

(iii) Deduce that

1
9
(r + 1)2 < 40 .
r =4

E
3
2

[2]

t 2 1

y = ln t

where t > 1.

R is the finite region bounded by the curve C, the x-axis and the lines x =
x = 3 . Show that the area of R is given by

2
2
3

(t

1) 2

( ln t )

[6]

1
, x , x 0, x 2
2 x2

(i)

Define the inverse function f

(ii)

Sketch the graphs of f and f

in a similar form.

( x) .

12

The line l passes through the points P(0, 0, 1) and Q(0, 6, 2). The plane p1 is
perpendicular to the vector 2i j + k and contains the point Q.
(i)

Find the acute angle between line l and plane p1 .

[3]

(ii)

The point R lies on the x-y plane such that its distance from the mid-point M of
the line segment PQ is 2 units. If MR is perpendicular to the line l, find the
coordinates of R.

[5]

The plane p2 is given by the equation x + 5 y 10 z 10 = 0 .


(iii) The plane p3 passes through the point (1, 1, 1) and contains all the common

[6]

points of p1 and p2. Find a vector equation of p3, giving your answer in the
scalar product form.

Another function g is defined by


g : x 1 e x , x , x 0 where is a constant.

(iii) Given that the composite function f 1g exists, find the greatest value of .
1

With this value of , find the range of f g .

Page 3 of 4
AJC / 2015 Preliminary Examination / 9740 / P1

[4]

[3]

on the same diagram, giving the exact equation

of any asymptote(s) and showing clearly the relationship between the two
graphs. Hence find the set of values of x, in exact form, for which
f ( x) f

[4]

dt .

The function f is defined by

Show that the volume V of the box in cm3 is given by V = 2 3 h


a h .
2

(ii) Use differentiation to find, in terms of a, the value of h which would result in the
volume of the box being maximum.

1
and
3

By using the results in (i) & (ii), find the exact area of R.

f:x

Fig. 2

It is then folded to form the open hexagonal box of height h cm, as shown in Fig. 2.

(i)

A piece of vanguard sheet, ABCDEF, is in the form of a regular hexagon of side a cm.
A kite shape is cut out from each corner to form the shaded shape, as shown in Fig. 1.

A curve C has parametric equations

10

h cm

Fig. 1

[1]

d 1 1
1
sin
=
dx
x
x x2 1

x=

[2]

Show that for x > 1,


d 1
x
(i)

=
dx x 2 1
x2 1

(ii)

a cm

[2]

END OF PAPER

[1]

Page 4 of 4
AJC / 2015 Preliminary Examination / 9740 / P1

[4]

Anderson Junior College


Preliminary Examination 2015
H2 Mathematics Paper 1 (9740/01)

Qn
1

3(i)

Solution
x+2
< 2x + 1
2x 1
x + 2 ( 2 x + 1)( 2 x 1)

2x 1
4 x 2 + x + 3
<0
2x 1

< arg( z 4)2 < 2


< 2 arg( z 4) < 2

< arg( z 4) <


2

(4,3)

<0
Re(z)
(4,0)

( 2 x 1) ( 4 x 2 x 3) > 0

3(ii)

( 2 x 1)( 4 x + 3)( x 1) > 0

Im(z)

3
1
or x > 1 (ans)
<x<
4
2

C
-3/4

1/2

2 x2 + 1 2 + x2
<
2 x2
x2

A(8,0)

From diagram,
AB < z 8 AC

1
x2 < 2 + 1
2
2
1 x
2
x

2+

3
4

<
0<

x
1
x2

<

<

12 + 42 < z 8 32 + 42 + 2
17 < z 8 7

1
1
or 2 > 1
2
x

3(iii)

1
1
or 2 > 1
2
x
2

x 2 > 2 or x2 < 1
x > 2 or x < 2 or 1 < x < 1, x 0
2

(8,0)

maximum arg( z 8)
3
2
= tan 1 + sin 1
4
5
= 2.9096

dy x + 5
dy
= 2 y2
= x+5
dx
y
dx
2

d2 y
dy
2 y + y2 2 = 1
dx
dx
dy 3
dy d 2 y
dy d 2 y
d3 y
2 + 2 y 2 + 2 y 2 + y 2 3 = 0
dx dx
dx dx
dx
dx
3

dy d 2 y
d3 y
dy
2 + 6 y 2 + y2 3 = 0
dx d x
dx
dx
dy 1
=
When x = 0, y = 5
dx 5
d2 y
d2 y
3
1
10 + 25 2 = 1 2 =
dx
dx
125
25
3

d y
d y
4
1
1 3
2 + 30
+ 25 3 = 0 3 =
dx
dx
625
5
5 125
1
3
4
y = 5+ x +
x2
x3 +
5
125(2!)
625(3!)
1
3 2
2 3
= 5+ x +
x
x +
5
250
1875
3

= 2.91rad (3sf)
4

C: y = 2sin 1 x
8
L: y =
x
3
1
C & L intersect at ,
2 3
And y-intercept of L is -.
Volume obtained when S is rotated
2 radians about the y-axis

2
y 2

1 1
+ - 03 sin dy

3 2 3
2

1 cos y
4
dy
= - 03
2
12 3

x
C
L

6(iii)

2
- [ y sin y ]03
9 2

2
=
- sin
9 2 3
3
2 2

+
=
9
6 2 2

1
2

2
= 2 e sin x dx

from the result in (ii)

2x

< 2 e dx

from the result in (i)

2x 2


= 2 e
2

0
= - [ e-1 e0 ]
( e 1)
=
e

cos +

dx = e sin x dx + e sin x dx

1
3
2
sin 56 cos cos 56 sin
1
2

sin x

3 2

=
4
18
By sine rule,
AB
3
=
sin 6 sin( 56 )
AB =

7(i)

sin

3
2

2 3
2 (1 2 ) + 2 3 ( )

2 3
2 + 2 3 2

y2
=1
p2
y
x ,
x, ie. y px
p

y
C1

x2

since is small

1
2

p 2 x 2 y 2 = p 2 where p > 1

(shown)

( -1, 0)
y = px

( 1, 0)

y = - px

Applying binomial expansion,

(
3 1 (

AB 3 1 +

)
)+(

3 12 2

3 12 2

7(ii)

3 12 2

3 1 3 + 12 2 + 3 2
= 3 3 +
6(i)

2x

esin x > e
1
1
0<
< 2x ,
esin x e

sin x

sin x

p2 = 3

p = 3 (rej 3 p > 1)

since y = e x is increasing
for 0 < x <

7(iii)

2x

0
0

dx = e

sin ( u )

( -1, 0)

( du )

dx < e dx

6(ii)

3 p2 = 9

2x

Given that sin x >

4 p2 9 = p2

7 3
a = 3, b = 3, c =

7 3 2

The transformation is that of a translation of 2 units in the direction of the positive xaxis.
The equation of C2: p 2 ( x 2) 2 y 2 = p 2
Sub (4,3) into C2:
p 2 (4 2)2 32 = p 2

du
= 1
Let u = x
dx

(1, 0)
C1

= e
0

sin ( u )

du

since sin (-u) = sin u

No. of roots = no. of intersection points between both graphs = 3

8(i)

Let Pn be the proposition:

2n + 9

11

(r + 3)(r + 5) = 30 ( n + 4 )( n + 5) , n Z + , n 2 .

8(iii)

r =2

n+4
r =4

Since LHS = RHS, P2 is true.

11

2k + 9

r =2

<

9
40

(since

k +1

11

2 ( k + 1) + 9

11

2k + 11

9(ii)

r =2

k +1

LHS =
r =2

d 1 1
sin
=
dx
x

(r + 3)(r + 5)

2
2
+
(k + 4)(k + 6)
r =2 ( r + 3) ( r + 5)

11 2k + 21k + 54 2k 10

30
( k + 4 )( k + 5 )( k + 6 )

9(iii)

11
2k + 19k + 44

30 ( k + 4 )( k + 5 )( k + 6 )

( k + 4 )( 2k + 11)
11

30 ( k + 4 )( k + 5 )( k + 6 )

11
2k + 11
=
30 ( k + 5 )( k + 6 )
Since P2 is true, and Pk is true Pk +1 is true, by mathematical induction, Pn is true for
8(ii)

all n Z + , n 2 .
n+4
n +1
2
2
=

r = 4 r ( r + 2)
r =1 ( r + 3)( r + 5)
n +1
2
2
=
+
( 4 )( 6 )
r = 2 ( r + 3)( r + 5)

=
=

11
2n + 11
2

+
30 ( n + 5 )( n + 6 ) 24
9
2n + 11

20 ( n + 5)( n + 6 )

/
45 6.
/

* 7 / 0 = 7 /

-1

* 7 / 0 + " & = " 9: " > 1,

1
x x2 1
2
3

y dx

Area =

dx

ln t dt dt

1
3

ln(t )

1
2
2
1 x
1
x
1

> 0 for all n + )

11

2k + 9
2
=
+
30
k
+
4
k
+
5
(
)(
) ( k + 4 )( k + 6 )

11 ( 2k + 9 )( k + 6 ) 2 ( k + 5 )
=

30
( k + 4 )( k + 5 )( k + 6 )

2n + 11

( n + 5 )( n + 6 )

1
1
)
>
r ( r + 2 ) ( r + 1) 2

!
1
!
.
2
"
1
#
(=
*+" & 1,-/ 0 = *&0 +" & 1,-/ +2", =
2
!" " & 1
!"
+" & 1,/

9(i)

Need to show that Pk +1 is also true. i.e.

(r + 3)(r + 5) = 30 ( k + 1 + 4)( k + 1 + 5) = 30 ( k + 5)( k + 6 ) .

1 9
2n + 11

2 20 ( n + 5 )( n + 6 )

Assume Pk is true for some k Z , k 2

(r + 3)(r + 5) = 30 ( k + 4 )( k + 5) .

(Since ( r + 1) = r 2 + 2r + 1 > r 2 + 2r = r ( r + 2 )

=
+

1 n+ 4 2
=
2 r =4 (r + 1)2
1 n+ 4 2
<
2 r =4 r (r + 2)

2
2
When n = 2, LHS =
=
,
(5)(7) 35
11 2 ( 2 ) + 9 2

= .
RHS =
30 ( 6 )( 7 ) 35

i.e.

(r + 1)

t 2 1

ln t.

2
3

(t

1
=
ln t
t 2 1

from (i)

dt
2

3
2
2

2
3

2
ln 2 ln

3
1

t
2
3

1
t 2 1

2 1 1
ln 2
=
+ 3 ln
sin t
3

3
=

&@
@

dt

(by part (ii))


2
3

AB2 + 3AB2 3 lnG3H [:JB-1 *&0 :JB-1 * & 0]

= +3
=

1 1
dt
t 2 1 t

2
3

>

+9: <? =+",!" = <> =+",!",

dt

,AB2

AB2

@
AB3
&

@
AB3
&
L

+M

+ ,

10(i)

Let y = f ( x ) y =

x2 = 2

1
y

x = 2
f

Therefore

10(ii)

11(i)

1
2 x2

1
since x 0
y

-1

R
120

T
C

3
2 3
= 3h
a h

2
3 2

x
y = f -1 (x)

= 2 3 h
a h (shown)
2

y =-2

y = f -1 (x)

Alternative method: find the height RS of triangle PST

( x)

From triangle PSR,


x
x
1
2
2
tan 30 =

=
RS
3 RS

f ( x) = x
1
=x
2 x2
x3 2 x + 1 = 0

RS =

( x 1) ( x 2 + x 1) = 0

3
2
a
h
2
3

Volume, V = base area height

1 1 + 4 1 5
=
2
2
f ( x ) f -1 ( x )

x = 1, x =

2 3
2

= 6 ( x ) RS h = 3h a
h a
h
2
3
3
2


=
11(ii)

y = g(x)
y =1

3 3 2 3
h
a h =2 3 h
a h

2 3 2
2

1 5
x< 2
2

10(iii) For f -1 g to exist,


range of g Domain of f-1
1
1 e ,1) ,
2
1

1 e
2
1
ln
2
1
Greatest value of = ln
2
1 f 1
g
[0, ) ,1 ( 1, 0] .
2
Range of f -1 g = = ( 1, 0]

0.5
0.5

2
3

= 3h a
h
2
3

y=x

-1

30

= 6 x 2 sin 60o h
2

y = f(x)

f ( x ) =f

= 6 ( area of PST ) h

y = f(x)

Volume, V = base area height

1
1
: x 2 , x < 0 or x
x
2

x = -2

From triangle APQ,


ax
1
ax
tan 30 = 2
=
h
2h
3
2
x=a
h
3

V = 2 3 h
a h
2

dV
= 2 3 2
a h (1)h +
a h
dh
2
2

3
= 2 3
a h 2h +
a h
2
2

3
3

= 2 3
a h
a 3h
2
2

dV
= 0.
dh
3
3
h=
a or h =
a
2
6

For stationary value of V,

(shown)

3
a, base area of the box is zero (or the volume is zero). Hence this value of
2
h does not give a maximum volume of the box.
3
To check for maximum at h =
a,
6
dV
When h = ( 63 a) , 3 a h > 0 and 3 a 3h > 0 , and so,
> 0.
dh
2
2
dV
When h = ( 63 a) + , 3 a h > 0 and 3 a 3h < 0 , and so,
< 0.
dh
2
2
3
So V is maximum when h =
a.
6
Alternatively,
2nd Derivative Test
When h =

3
3

d 2V
= 2 3
a 3h 3
a h = 12 3h 12a
dh 2
2
2

12(ii)

62 + 12 22 + 12 + 12

Let M be the point of PQ = 0,3, .


2

R lies on x-y plane R = ( a, b,0 ) .

&&&'
MR line l

2 3
a 2 + ( b 3) + = 2
2
2

13 3
a2 + 3 + = 4
4
2
3 3
4
3 3 13
3 3 13
R =
, , 0 or
, ,0
4 4
4 4
a=

10
11
5

24

r =
+ 21 ,
11
11

30
11
5

16

[ OR r = + 21 , ]
11
11


0

10
21
11
11
1

21

Another vector parallel to p3 = 24 1 = 13 = 1 13

11 11
11

11
0
1

[Note that ( 0, 6, 2 ) lies on p3 since it lies on both p1 and p2 it lies on p3. Accept 5
1

6 + 1
37 6

& & &'


Thus M R

= 19.6

= b 3

3

2

a 0


3
13
b 3 6 = 0 6b 18 = 0 b =
2
4
3 1

2

Since Length of MR = 2,

Using GC, line of intersection of the two planes is

11

0
0


Line l : r = 0 + 6 ,
1
1


Let be the angle between the line l and the plane p1.

sin =

p2 : x + 5 y 10 z = 0

2
3
a, d V2 = 6a < 0 .
6
dh
3
So V is maximum when h =
a.
6

0 2

6 1
1 1

2 2 0

p1 : r 1 = 1 6 = 5 2 x y + z = 4
1 1 2

A vector parallel to p3 is 21 .

When h =

12(i)

12(iii)

or equivalent as direction vector]


21

5
11 34
17
13

= 16 = 2 8
Normal to p3 = 21

11 11 46
23

Equation of p3 :
17 17 1
17

r 8 = 8 1 r 8 = 2
23 23 1
23