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Bejal B Brahmbhatt

Group-7

Jay Upadayay

ITECH 6502 Data Communication Management


Group Assignment

INTRODUCTION
The desert view primary was school built in 2005 for approximately 200-250 local students
running classes from class1 to class 6. After a state government funding, it has allowed to
school to provide notebooks to all year 5 & year 6 students for assignments and accessing
internet.

The school infrastructure is such that it has two wings east and west wing with majority
classes on east wing and couple classes and offices, library on the west wing.

ICT REQUIREMENTS

The school has 10 teaching staff, 3 administrative staff and a cleaner. The 10 teaching staff is
to be provided with desktop support each in office. Other requirements are desktop support
and an online printer for all class rooms. The year 5and year 6 students having notebooks are
also to be having support, web server support and web content management.

They have 10 staff members so they will be having 10 desktops on their desk but sharing
same internet connection coming through same routers. The east wing will be having classes
from prep to class 4 which means total 5 classrooms having a desktop each and a connection
to online printer. The west wing which will be having 2 classrooms, for students year5 &year
6, the principals office ,library, staff office and a reception room.

Bejal B Brahmbhatt

Group-7

Desktop support for all staff PCs in office

Desktop support and an online printer for all class rooms

Support for year 5 and 6 student Netbook computers

Web Server support and Web content management

Maintenance of the central file server in principals office

FLOOR PLAN

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Bejal B Brahmbhatt

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Jay Upadayay

Above floor plan shows that Desert primary school has two wings and one admin building
with principal office, two assistant principal offices, reception and admin staff that use for
education purpose and for teaching staff. The east wing has 5 classrooms with three
additional classrooms for future use and enrolment for children. On the other hand this
building has west wing including year five and six, two additional room for students. Close to
west wing it has also one library and resources room for students.

As the west wing has administrative office it will be having a web server, an application
server, a database server. These can work on a single server or can be connected to more if
the load on these servers increases and the requirements of the school increases.
A firewall has to be implemented at the appropriate position in the network for the security
and restriction to pornography and other illicit web content. Lite speed will be used as web
server to host the web pages and serve the requests being made to server. But as the school
has 2 wings namely east and west wing both will be having some distance between them so
they will be need switches, routers, server, Vlans. It would be shown on a network model
with all the devices and intranet model & all devices or applications use.
Based on the school requirements LAN is to be setup in each wing in which class desktops
are to be connected in east wing and west wing which consists of the staff computers, and
connected printer. These two LANs in turn has to be connected with each other for the
effective communications and for printing commands.

Bejal B Brahmbhatt

Group-7

Jay Upadayay

The TCP/IP Network Model is based on a four-layer reference model. All protocols that
belong to the TCP/IP protocol suite, such as TCP, UDP, HTTP, FTP, etc., are located in the
top three layers of this model.

TCP/IP is a layered set of protocols. TCP/IP applications use 4 layers:

an application protocol such as mail

a protocol such as TCP that provides services need by many applications

IP, which provides the basic service of getting datagrams to their destination

The protocols needed to manage a specific physical medium, such as Ethernet or a


point to point line.

TCP/IP is a group of many separate individual protocols that work together and is often
called the TCP/IP protocol suite. These protocols handle many different tasks, most of which

Bejal B Brahmbhatt

Group-7

Jay Upadayay

run in the background and don't require any custom configuration from the average computer
user.

Network Layer:
In this proposal the network layer is providing a remote delivery between
client and server. This layer is also known as Internet layer. The main
purpose of this layer is to organize or handle the movement of data on
network. By movement of data, it means routing of data over the network.
The main protocol used at this layer is IP.
Some specific features of network layer are:
Routing: The movement of the data across a series of interconnected networks. It is the job
of the devices and software routines that function at the network layer to handle incoming
packets from various sources, determine their final destination, and then find out where they
need to be sent.

Datagram Encapsulation: The network layer normally encapsulates messages received


from higher layers by placing them into datagrams or packets with a network layer header.

Data Link Layer:


This layer is also known as network interface layer. This layer normally consists of device
drivers in the OS and the network interface card attached to the system.
The main task of data link layer is:
Transfer data from network layer of one machine to network layer of other machine.
Convert raw bit stream of physical layer into group of bits.
List of devices used in all layers:

Bejal B Brahmbhatt

Physical
Data

layer

Group-7

Windows,

Link

Layer

Jay Upadayay

operating

system,

server.

Switches.

Network Layer = Router.

A security firewall and an Intrusion Detection System Snort has been implemented on the
main computer for the secure login and to find the unauthorized persons logging into the
network or trying to do unauthorized things with the school data .

Security

Website

HTTP

E-mail

SMTP, IMAP

Internet Service

DNS

port no: 90

Client-Server

DHCP

port no: 67

Telnet

port no :23
port no: 80
port no: 25, 143,

Bejal B Brahmbhatt

Group-7

Jay Upadayay

The internet come through the main server in principal office providing network connection
to PC,Netbooks,ipad and other devices. The main server connects to the LAN network which
gives the internet through network provider.

Bejal B Brahmbhatt

ADMIN BUILDING

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Jay Upadayay

Bejal B Brahmbhatt

Group-7

Jay Upadayay

In this admin building we have one principal office with connecting two assistant principal
offices and close to principal office they have one reception counter which connected with
the wired printer and desktop. All office has one desktop computer and one staff room has
four desktop computers available for teaching staff and admin staff. We connect the network
using different types of switches [switch 1=8 port] and one router is connected with main
server which is working as a Web server, Mail server etc. And switch number 1 is connecting
with this router to transfer the information.
Just closest with the admin building they have the library and resources room for students
that they can get printout from the wireless printer and in this room we connect the ten
desktop with Switch =2 and this switch connect to the wireless router which is connected
with the main server and this router is came with latest technology and high speed standard so
it gives very high value.

Bejal B Brahmbhatt

East wing

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Jay Upadayay

Bejal B Brahmbhatt

Group-7

Jay Upadayay

The school has east wing and they have five classrooms with Pre to Year 4 students and each
class has 20 students. For those students we give each of them desktop for study and Pre to
year 3 has one ipad for education purpose and year 3 and 4 has one netbook to access the
internet. We use the Switch no 3 and 4 port no 48+48 and Switch no 5 one 16 port switch
which is connect to the two additional classrooms for enrolment purpose and each classroom
have four desktop. And the entire desktop also connects with wireless router.

West wing

Bejal B Brahmbhatt

Group-7

Jay Upadayay

The west wing has class for Year 5 and Year 6 with two additional classrooms. Now they has
Switch no 6 ,port no 48 and Switch no 7 ,port no 16 for connecting to the internet and pass
the application to the web server.
All the Switches connected with router and wireless router and this router connected with the
main server which is in principal office in admin building.

Description of the connection

Location

Equipmen

Level

Description

Switch-1 provide service to principal office,

t
Admin Building

Switch-1

Data
link

Assistance principal 1, Assistance principal 2,


Staff room and reception through server

layer
Library/Resource

Swtich-2

s Room

Library/Resources room via wireless router

Data
link
layer

East wing

Swtich-3-5

2
Data
link
layer

Provide pre to year 4 and addition 3 class via


wireless router

Bejal B Brahmbhatt

West wing

Swtich-6,7

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2
Data

Jay Upadayay

Provide internet via wireless router for class 5


and 6 and additional class rooms.

link
layer
Admin building

Wired
router

Level-3
Networ

Router connect with server in maintenance


room at principal office

k layer
Library/Resource

Wired

s Room

router

Level-3
Networ

This router provide service to the online users,


iPad,Netbook,etc

k layer
Principal Office

Server

This server connects to the main office which


has maintenance services.

Bejal B Brahmbhatt

Group-7

Jay Upadayay

Description of Equipments

1. Switches: A network switch is a small hardware device that joins multiple computers
together within one local area network (LAN). Technically, network switches operate at
layer two (Data Link Layer) of the OSI model. The use of switches in computer networks
is usually takes place in the in one or more layers of the Open Systems Interconnections
protocol which include physical layer, data link layer, network layer or the transport layer.
The role of switches in networks which are commercial networks is in the form of built-in
or modular interfaces which make it feasible to attach various kinds of networks, such as
Ethernet or Fiber Channel. Switches in networks are also used for interconnecting
different networks at third layer of OSI model with the help of routers.
Cost:
Catalyst 2960C Switch 8 FE, 2 x Dual Uplink, Lan price 300 Australian dollar

for each. So switch 8+8+8 = 900 dollar


For 16 ports switch price Australian 800 dollar each. So switch 16+16= 1600$
For switch with port 48 price 4000 Australian dollar each. So switch
48+48=8000$

2. Router: It is the physical device that joins multiple wired or wireless networks together.
Technically, a wired or wireless router is a Layer 3 gateway, meaning that the
wired/wireless router connects networks, and that the router operates at the network layer
of the OSI model.

The router ensures that information doesn't go where it's not needed. This is crucial
for keeping large volumes of data from clogging the network.

The router makes sure that information does make it to the intended destination.
Price: 250$ for each

Bejal B Brahmbhatt

Group-7

Jay Upadayay

3. Wireless Router: A wireless router is a device in a wireless local area network WLAN
that determines the next network point to which a packet should be forwarded toward its
destination. A wireless router works in the same way as the router in a hard-wired home
or business local area network LAN, but allows greater mobility for notebook or portable
computers.
Over here this wireless router would be placed in west wing of the school for the web access
of year 5 and year 6 students having notebooks. A security firewall and an Intrusion
Detection System Snort has been implemented on the main computer for the secure login
and to find the unauthorized persons logging into the network or trying to do unauthorized
things with the school data .

Security

Website

HTTP

E-mail

SMTP, IMAP

Internet Service

DNS

port no: 90

Client-Server

DHCP

port no: 67

Telnet

port no :23
port no: 80
port no: 25, 143,

Specification: NETGEAR AC1750 Dual Band Wireless Router

Gigabit Dual Band Wireless - 450 + 1300 Mbps


Gigabit Wired Connection - 4 ports
Two USB ports for sharing printers and hard drives
Easy setup with Net gear Genie iOS and Android app
Price for each Router = 260$

4. Wired printer: we set up with one wired printer in admin building to provide print
services for admin staff and teaching staff with latest technology with high speed and for
each printer they cost about 340 dollar.

Bejal B Brahmbhatt

Group-7

Jay Upadayay

5. Wireless printer:

Specification:

Fast Color Printing: Help increase your productivity with a fast print speed of up to 18ppm
in color and black.
Flexible connectivity: Featuring an Ethernet interface, you can easily share this printer with
others on your wired network. The printer also has a Hi-Speed USB 2.0 interface.
Vibrant Color Output: Produce your own professional-looking business documents at up to
600 x 2400 dpi resolution using Brother Digital LED print technology.
Large Paper Capacity: It has an adjustable 250-sheet capacity paper tray for letter or legal
paper, plus a single-sheet manual feed slot for printing envelopes or thicker media.
For the latest price is 200 Australian dollars.

6. Netbook:
For two netbook connection we need fastest and current features technology that student
can use for educational purpose so we have 100 dollar price for each netbook.

7. I Pad:
Due to ICT requirements they wants the three ipad for some classes so each ipad cost 400
dollar so the total cost is 1200 dollar.
8. Wireless Ethernet. In some existing schools it may not be possible to install a complete
cabling installation. These may include a listed building, an existing larger school with
limited distribution zones or existing remote blocks. In these cases wireless Ethernet may
be considered as a component of an overall structured cabling infrastructure.

Bejal B Brahmbhatt

Group-7

Jay Upadayay

9. Services Infrastructure: This section details the mechanical and electrical services
associated within principal office and maintenance of central file server also maintain
through this office.

10. Data Communications Centre (DCC) : A local electrical sub distribution board shall be
provided in the DCC. The design capacity will need to be established on a single-phase
electrical supply shall be provided.
A dedicated earth from the main earth bar at the main LV switchboard shall be provided to
the DCC to serve each of the data cabinets. The design capacity will need to be established on
plan.

11. Sockets: Sockets shall be of a single piece rugged construction. Modular socket
assemblies will not be accepted. The supplier shall provide samples of sockets for
approval.

12. Warranty: A ten year warranty is required on the fibre optic cable installation and all
other associated fibre optic components. A link performance certificate for horizontal
cabling is required, specifying that all such cables meet or exceed the requirements of
ISO11801 Annex A. A proprietary testing devise shall be used to test the installation as
recommended by the cabling manufacturers and approved by the Building Services
Consulting Engineer.

13. Horizontal Cables All cabling, connections and accessories in the structured cabling
system shall conform fully to standardise. Cable shall be of a low smoke type and shall
conform to building standards for plenum cables.

Bejal B Brahmbhatt

Group-7

References
Retrieved on 16-05-2013 from
http://www.tcpipguide.com/free/t_NetworkLayerL
ayer3.htm.
Retrieved on 16-05-2013 from
http://www.bleepingcomputer.com/tutorials/tutoria
l38.html
Retrieved on 16-05-2013 from
http://www.garykessler.net/library/tcpip.html
Retrieved on 16-05-2013 forms
http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/~rakerman/porttable.html

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Bejal B Brahmbhatt

Group-7

Jay Upadayay