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Running head: RESEARCH JOURNAL ARTICLE CRITIQUE #1

Research Journal Article Critique #1


Romel Espinosa Reyes
RIT
Graduate Writing Strategies
Dr. Patricia Poteat
September 27th, 2015

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Summary
A Simple Transmit Diversity Technique for Wireless Communications research article
describes a new technique to improve the performance of wireless systems using space-time
diversity (Alamouti, 1998, p. 1451).
Space-time diversity is a technique that transmit or receive symbols using different time
slots and spatially separated antennas simultaneously. Alamouti (1998) describes in his paper a
variation of maximal-ratio receiver combining (MRRC). The alteration consists of "using two
transmit antennas and one receive antenna" instead of "one transmit antenna, and two receive
antennas" (p. 1451). Thus, both configurations obtain similar diversity gain.
The author does not explicitly mention the approach used in the research; nevertheless,
based on the nature of the research is easy to assume a quantitative approach. Additionally, the
research describes the strategy of experimental inquiry method based on simulations.
Meanwhile, the independent variables are the number of antennas in the transmitter and receiver.
For example, the simplest scheme uses two transmit antennas and one receive antenna.
However, it is possible to modify the simplest pattern to increase the diversity gain.
Alamouti space-time scheme has similar outcomes than MRRC. Increasing the number of
the antennas in the receivers does not reflect an increment in the computational complexity of the
receiver neither the bandwidth utilization. Nonetheless, there is a slight different in the power
consumption due to the new scheme splits the transmit power in two antennas. The results of Bit
Error Rate (BER) are similar when MRRC and Alamouti technique have the same transmit
power in each antenna (Alamouti, 1998, p. 1456).

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Finally, there is a broad range of applications to Alamouti space-time scheme, such as
increasing the coverage, improving the bandwidth utilization, and enhancing power
consumption (Alamouti, 1998, p. 1451)
Analysis
The structure of the article allows readers to follow the sequence of sections, to
understand the research topic, and to identify clearly the elements that a quantitative research.
The article should include: purpose statement, hypothesis, research questions, review of the
literature, data collection, and data analysis.
To begin, the introduction includes the most relevant information to understand the
research paper. First of all, Alamouti (1998) describes the purpose statement as "The technique
proposed in this paper is a simple transmit diversity scheme which improves the signal quality at
the receiver on one side of the link by simple processing across two transmit antennas on the
opposite site" (p. 1452). Thus, using a forthright language the author explains the intent of the
article. Secondly, the author presents the research questions and hypothesis in different parts of
the introduction. In the one hand, the research questions are complicated to identify the text, but
the understanding of the purpose of the study contributes to locate them. On the other hand, the
hypothesis is presented at the end of the introduction, and it provides the scenario to compare
both schemes, MRRC and Alamouti space-time block code. There are variations in the outcomes
according the independent and dependent variables in the experimental part.
To continue, the other sections of the paper includes valuable information to perceive the
mathematical equations and contributions in the research article. Notably, the review of the
literature shows information to support the purpose of the study in a narrative language that
allows readers to follow the flow of the text. Conversely, collecting data stage is limited in

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information. In particular, the article does not include detailed information related to the
software used for developing the simulations and other collecting data procedures involved in the
research project. Admittedly, analysis data stage contributes to verify the hypothesis and
provides extensive information to develop future research projects. To illustrate, the
implementation issues section is a consequence of the analysis data procedures in the research.
That section describes some considerations that the author describes for practical
implementations of the technique proposed in the research article.
Lastly, the conclusion section states the improvements and limitations of the proposed
technique. The Alamouti expresses his conclusions according to the results obtained in the
analysis data stage. Basically, there are three main conclusions: (a) two transmit antennas and
one receive antenna, Alamouti space-time scheme, has the same diversity gain than one transmit
antenna and two receive antennas, MRRC; (b) Alamouti technique can be extended to two
transmit antennas and M receive antennas; and (c) the computational complexity of the receiver
is similar in Alamouti technique and MRRC (1998, p. 1457).
Reflection
This critical analysis helps me to understand the paper in more detail and to consider
some criteria that I did not focus on the first time that I read the research article. Initially, my
purpose was to understand the equations and implementation issues described in the paper.
However, recent knowledge in principles of research methods persuades me to modifies the
initial goals and increases the outlook to improve the quality of the research project. Thus, I
need to consider three approaches in my research.
Firstly, using peer review documents enhances the content of research projects. In
particular, wireless researchers consider A Simple Transmit Diversity Technique for Wireless

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Communications paper as the one of the main references to develop research projects on
Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) and Space-Time Block Code (STBC). To illustrate,
Web of Science database shows that 6,439 research papers have cited Alamouti's document in
their reference lists, so the acceptance of the material described in the journal has high relevance
in the academic field.
Secondly, identifying the purpose statement establishes limits and intents inside to the
research projects. There are several configurations, modulation schemes, and applications that
can be defined in the project; however, delineating specific parameters for the previous features
provides a clear panorama of the project. As an illustration, selecting a configuration 2 x 2 (2
transmitters and 2 receivers antennas), modulation scheme Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
(QAM), and hardware/software co-design provides a fair brief about the research project.
Finally, understanding equations and considering the implementation issues contribute to
defining the insight to propose the set of experiments for the research project. In fact, Alamouti
(1998) shows in his paper the plot of error performance simulations as a result of evaluating the
equations proposed in his paper. Similarly, the research project ought to include a test bench to
validate the results of equations, and to corroborate the limitations of the implementation issues
listed in the paper.
In conclusion, performing a critical analysis of the research paper contributes to
identifying academic articles, to define a purpose statement, and to establish experimental
procedures. Thus, elaborating a critical analysis is a strategy to understand, to learn, and to
compare research journals.

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References
Alamouti, S. M. (1998). A simple transmit diversity technique for wireless communications.
IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 16(8), 1451-1458.
doi:10.1109/49.730453