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consequences

agreement

development

environment

problem

impact

inflation

role

work

agriculture

energy

politics

success

repression

country

trade

democracy

money

meeting

industry

deficit

change

relations

surplus

want to

look forward to

need

know

continue

decide

join

propose

promise

hand

always

(toujours in French)

listen/hear

attack

lead to, cause

agree

thanks

say

on the one

...on the other hand

time on

until

on behalf of

as opposed to

more than/less than

all

before

any

from that

recently

now

similar

end

start

When we talk about ORGANIC SYMBOLS we mean simply that one symbol is
taken as the root for several related symbols.

The most obvious example is the underlining...


You can underline any symbol to add emphasis
big ..... big
You can also double underline, draw a squiggly line or a dotted line underneath a
symbol or word denote differing degrees of emphasis or certainty....

There is a system for noting verbs that ties in with this idea....

...verb tenses

wo
rk

wor
kg

work
|

| wor
k

| wrk

worki
ng

work
ed

will
work

would
work

Here are some more examples of one symbol giving rise to several more...

al

national (adjective)

ally

Nationally

ze

to nationalize

tn

nationalisation

national (noun), citizen

return, come back, reverse, regress

rise, increase, grow, climb etc.

fall, decline, slide, slip, drop, shrink,

exchange, relations,

lead to, consequence of, therefore

continue,

whatever you like!

pleased.

annoyed, unhappy, unimpressed, etc.

very unhappy, disgusted, etc

to think

to know, (for me, the straight line denotes


certainty, in comparison to the squiggly line for to
think.)

The circle can also be used to denote a person who is associated with that
symbol's meaning. This can be done by adding a raised circle to another symbol.

al

national
(adjective
)

econ

Economy

econ

citizen

economist

Energy

energy
expert,
supplier,

Policy

politician

that,
which

2. MATHEMATICAL ABBREVIATIONS:
one 1
two 2
first 1st
second 2nd
third 3rd
fourth 4th
about, approximately ~
and &
at @
because . ., bec., b/c
before b/4
equal to =
not equal to =
identical to =

who

hence, therefore . .
intersection
more than >
less than <
means, causes >
is caused by <
plus, over +
minus money $
percent %
question ?
there is
too, to 2
increase
decrease
number #
pound lb. per /
3. COMMONLY USED ABBREVIATIONS:
w/ with
w/o without
w/i within
app. approximately
m/h mile per hour
ch chapter
vs versus
ref reference
intro introduction
max. maximum

min. minimum
gvt. government
m married
mod modern
n.b. note well
pop. population
re regarding, concerning
rel religion
sc. science
sr. senior
Jr. Junior
stat. statistics
terr. territory
yr. year
E., Eng. English
Ar. Arabic
Fr. French
bldg. building
Rm. room
rdg reading
comp. Comprehension
usu. usually
p. page
ex. exercise
sing. singular
pl. plural
N noun
Adj Adjective

Adv Adverb
V Verb
Prep. preposition, preparatory
fem. feminine
masc. masculine
neg. negative
def. definition
L language
FL foreign language
esp. especially
etc. and so on, et cetera
lit. literary, literature
pers. person
sb. somebody
sth. something
ling. linguistics
math. mathematics
chem. chemistry
bot. botany
Sat. Saturday
Sun, Mon, Tues, Wed, Th, Fri
Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sept, Oct, Nov, Dec.
i.e. that is, in other words
id. the same, identical, identification
gal. gallon
cm centimeter
kg kilogram
km. Kilometer

g. gram
ft. feet
ff following pages
e.g. for example, for instance
Prof. professor
Dr doctor
dept. department
Ltd. limited
Corp. corporation
Co. company
c.f. compare
atm. Atmosphere
Amer. American
alt altitude, alternate
A answer
Q question
propose, suggest, proposal
point, viewpoint, point of view
an item on the agenda
turning point
a weak point, a weakness
point blank
radical change
divide, division, distribute, distribution
equal, identical, similar
in addition, besides, over and above
except, with the exception of
compare, comparison, comparable, compared to

indefinitely, infinite
therefore, consequently, thus, as a result
bigger than, greater than, more than
smaller than, less than, fewer than
sent to, transported, referred to ,

returned from, imported


decrease, diminish, lessen, shrink
increase, enlarge, grow, augment
said, stated, statement, announced, declared
support, advocate, champion
refuse, reject, decline
thought, believed, judged
asked, questioned, queried
voted, voter, ballot, elected
abstain, abstention , abstainer
surprise, astonish, astound
member, delegate, representative
envoy
the delegate was surprised
discussed, argued, debated, debate, argument
discussion
hold, convene, convoke, meet
the meeting ended
it did not meet, meeting adjourned

cooperate, collaborate, cooperation

refused, opposed, objected

abstained
did not convene
did not state
was not surprised
failed to collaborate
did not decrease
did not rise