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k

etch
S

Thinking

JOSE BERENGUERES

What happens when you sketch better?

Group IQ

Sketching
skills

What is the best sketching tool?

Why felt pen is better than ball pen?

Because felt pen trace is more predictable (lateral friction)

How to sketch people?

Stick man

Tooth man

(good for drawing crowds)

Star man

Star man versatility

neutral

pointing

ballet

How to draw star man


1

To draw the star-man always start by the shoulders. Then


the head. Then the limbs. Play with the curvature of the
limbs to express: balance, direction, intention and other
human attitudes.

Why do you need a sketching vocabulary?


Impact

Storify
Flow
Words
Symbols

Punctuation
Commas
Vocabulary

Use space for commas

Frames, containers, space and negative space


are the commas and paragraphs of the
sketching language.

Creating flow

use arrows to make flow

Containers for ideas

use containers for paragraphs

Head elevation vs. age

young

old

older

Exercise: Draw the largest


crowd you can (30 sec).

Sketching moods using the eyes

O
happy

crossed

resignation

Drawing age using of eye & mouth

toddler

adult

Use eye-mouth separation to express age

toddler

kid

adult

In general, age increases with eye-mouth dispersion

Toddler vs. granma

toddler

granma*

except for the granma case, where proportions


become again those of a toddler* - Akira Toriyama

Use the lips to express a range of feelings

happy

(not so happy)

sad

Exercise: Building a graphic vocabulary

Try to sketch these


keywords (in less than
10 seconds each)
love, robot, key
collaboration
communication
flower, house, time
summer, cold, hot
hope, athletic
hungry

Teach to steal by forcing people to share...

Getting used to steal


People are weary of stealing. But stealing is
OK. As long as you give credit. A way to make
participants getting comfortable with stealing is
by using guided mastery. (See Banduras guided
mastery, see also #gamification). Exercise: Give
each participant four A4 papers. Fill each A4
respectively with: Lines. Triangles. Circles.
Squares. Be creative. At each A4 make
participants incorporate one interesting
element from their peers previous A4 into
theirs.

Test your storyfication skills


1 Watch Paolo Cardini's talk Forget multitasking, try monotasking
2 Summarise the talk in a A4 paper with sticky notes

Share & steal from your peers...


3 Share (in pairs)
4 Incorporate at least one element from peer
5 Iterate three times

Photo by Alli McKee. d.School. Aug 2015

Sketch Cold

boring

impersonal

typical

When possible visualize feelings

Sketch music
use support icons
use
cotidian
object

focus on the outcome


of the experience

be human-centered

Use body language to express feelings


use unbalanced
head to show
distress

Sketch defeat

neutral

total
loss

Sketch Victory!
!
h
a
e
Y

neutral

Yeah!

Exercise: How-to gain confidence?


987654321

When we arrived in the Valley we didnt know


anyone outside our comfort zone. Me and
Cesar decided that we would try to make an
effort to socialize more with strangers. So
every Saturday noon we would go to a random
Starbucks. We meet self-taught illustrator Juan
Villa at such a Starbucks near Edgewood. He

123456789

taught me this hack: Write numbers from 1 to


9. The left hand writes the mirror image of the
right hand. Both hands write at the same speed.
Most people are surprisingly good at left-hand
mirror sketching. Gain confidence by
discovering hidden abilities.

About the author


Jose Berengueres received a Masters in Electrical Engineering in
Barcelona and a PhD in bio-inspired robots from Tokyo Institute of
Technology. He has taught Design Thinking and Business Models
InnovationinDubai, California, Germany and Mexico. He also consults
on UX and biomimetics. In 2014 he was mentor at StartupWeekend
Dubai. He currently is assistant professor at UAE University where he
developed The Brown Book of Design Thinking.

ISBN 978-1-329-48914-1

90000

9 781329 489141