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Methodology

INTRODUCTION

The following load combinations are considered for the analysis:


The overall width of Culvert is 12m left side and 12 m right side on main highway
The Box culvert shall be made with single cell RCC box type structure with cantilever wall.
The clear height of opening of the box is Min 3.0m Horizontal clear opening is 3.0m.
The thickness of top slab and bottom slab has been kept as 300 mm and that for webs hav
been kept as 350 mm. In the design of structure, clear cover is considered as 50mm for top
and walls and in bottom slab clear cover is considered as 75mm.
This design note deals with design of the single cell RCC box structure.
The analysis of box structure has been done considering a slice of unit width. The box has
analyzed for its self weight, superimposed dead load (due to wearing coat and crash barrie
earth pressures using STAAD Pro
For
live loads
,70R
tracked
,40 70R
T Bogie
Load Boogie
is consisdered
of concrete
and Fe5
Analysis
for Live
load
for class
tracked,
wheeled,M25
loadgrade
have been
done using
ST
is
used.
Pro.
Live load positions are identified for maximum bending moments at different sections
corresponding load intensities per meter width are evaluated as per effective width metho
explained in IRC:21-2000.

Earth pressure at rest with saturated density of earth is considered to


produce maximum earth pressure.
a) Coefficient of Earth Pressure as 0.50 & Density of Earth as 2.0 t/m3 for dry .

Reference codes :IRC: 6-2000


IRC:21-2000

highway
h cantilever wall.
ng is 3.0m.
that for webs have
d as 50mm for top slab

dth. The box has been


t and crash barrier) and

concrete
and Fe500
steel
en
done using
STAAD.
different sections and
ctive width method as

DESIGN OF PORTAL
1.0

Design Data

1.1

Dimension Detail

1.2

No of cells
Clear Span
Clear Height (at outer edge)
Clear Height (at median location)
Width of road at top
Width of Box
Ht of fill (W.C / P.C.C / pavement layers) over the top slab

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Thickness of top slab


Thickness of footing
Thickness of external vertical wall
Thickness of Internal vertical wall
Size of haunch
Width of Crash barrier
Distance of edge of crash barrier from edge of box

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Height of surcharge
Safe Bearing Capacity of the soil
Permissible Settlement

=
=
=

Material Properties
Density of concrete
Density of soil
Density of wearing coat
Density of Profile corrective course
Coefficient of active earth pressure
Angle of internal friction (in degree)

1.3

=
=
=
=
=
=

Design Parameters
Grade of Concrete
Grade of Steel
Clear Cover for earth face structural component
Clear Cover for inside face structural component
Clear Cover for footing

=
=
=
=
=

Permissible direct comp. strength of Concrete (s cc)

Permissible flexural comp. strength of Concrete (s cb)

Permissible tensile strength of Concrete ( s ct )

Page # 3

Permissible tensile strength of Steel ( s st )


Design Costants:

Base Projection

=
k
j

=
=

Page # 4

2
10.00 m
6.00 m
6.000 m
24.00 m
24.00 m
0.150 m
900.00 mm
700.00 mm
700.00 mm
600.00 mm
500.00 mm
500.00 mm
0.500 m
0.500 m
1.20 m
300 KN/m2
0.00 mm

25.00 KN/m3
20.00 KN/m3
22.00 KN/m3
22.00 KN/m3
0.500
30.00 deg

M40
Fe500
75 mm
50 mm
75 mm
10.00 N/mm2
13.33 N/mm2
0.67 N/mm2

Page # 5

275 N/mm2
0.326
0.891
1.939 N/mm2
mm

Page # 6

2.0

Load Calculations for the Box Structure

2.1

Dead Load
Self weight of the structure has been calculated directly in STAAD file by the comment "SELFWEIGHT -1".

2.2

Super Imposed Dead Load

2.2.1

Top Slab
Wearing coat thickness
Ht of fill (Thickness of W.C / P.C.C / pavement layers)
Load (UDL) on top slab =

=
=
0.5*22

Wt of Crash barrier per meter

=
Total UDL load due to S.I Dead Load

Height of soil on projected portion of base slab


Wt of soil on the projected portion of base slab

2.3

=
=
=

Earth Pressure
Thickness of top slab
Height of top haunch
Clear height between top & Footing
Height of bottom haunch
Thickness of Footing

=
=
=
=
=

Height from top

Intensity of Earth pressure

(m)

(KN/m2)

0.800
+ 0.450
+ 0.500
+ 1.667
+ 1.667
+ 1.667
+ 0.500
+ 0.350
2.4

0.800
1.250
1.750
3.417
5.084
6.751
7.251
7.601

0.5 * 20 * 0.8
0.5 * 20 * 1.25
0.5 * 20 * 1.75
0.5 * 20 * 3.417
0.5 * 20 * 5.084
0.5 * 20 * 6.751
0.5 * 20 * 7.251
0.5 * 20 * 7.601

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

8.00
12.50
17.50
34.17
50.84
67.51
72.51
76.01

Live Load Surcharge


Equivalent height
Uniform Intensity of loading =

=
0.5 * 1.2 * 20

Page # 7

2.5

Braking Load
Carriageway Live Load
Width of the box
Braking Load =

2.6

0.2 * 400 / 24

=
=
=

Additional pressure on edge 1m strip due to eccentricity of Live Load


Live Load

Width of culvert (parallel to traffic direction)


Width of culvert (perpendicular to traffic direction)

=
=

Distance of CG of load from outer edge of box culvert


Transverse Moment

=
=

Section Modulus of box in transverse direction

Upward UDL on edge 1m strip

Page # 8

he comment "SELFWEIGHT -1".

0.15
0.350 m
6.30 KN/m
0 KN/m
6.30 KN/m
0.00 m
0.00 KN/m

0.900 m
0.5 m
6.00 m
0.5 m
0.70 m

1.20 m
12.00 KN/m2

Page # 9

400 KN
24.00 m
3.33 KN

400.00 KN
11.40 m
24.00 m
3.10 m
3562.00 KNm
1094.40 m^3
3.26 KN/m

Page # 10

3.0

Effective width of tyres and load distribution for different vehicular loadings:
lo

Effective span
Total Width of Box culvert

=
=

=
=

10.70 m
24.00 m

Ht of fill (W.C / P.C.C / pavement layers)


Thickness of deck slab

=
=

=
=

0.150 m
0.900 m

Width of Crash barrier / Kerb


Dist. of edge of crash barrier/guard stone from edge of box

=
=

0.50 m
0.50 m

2.24

b / lo

Span / Wdith ratio

As per Cl. 305.16.2 of IRC:21, for continous slab


b / lo
For
=
3.1

Class 70R vehicle:

3.1.1

Axle - " l " :

2.6

(Refer Appendix 1, IRC : 6-2000 )

5t

5t

5t

450

410

2.24

24 / 10.7

40

1480

410

1070

5t

20 t

20 t

450

410

40

410
1220

2790
Transverse
Total Load

Longitudinal
=

40.00 t

Page # 11

Impact factor

(Refer Cl.211.3 of IRC:6-1966)

Min. clear distance from C/B to the edge of the end wheel
Distance between the axles in the direction of traffic
C/C distance between end wheels in trans direction
410

1.25

=
=
=

1.20 m
1.22 m
2.38 m

Load on one tyre


Max. tyre pressure
Contact width of tyre

=
=
=

(Refer Table of IRC:6-2000)


(Refer Table of IRC:6-2000)

=
=
=

Contact area
Breadth

=
=

5000 / 5.273
948.23 / 36

=
=

948.23 cm2
26.3 cm

Contact area

360 x 263 mm
=
=
=

0.36 m
0.41 m
1.905 m

=
=

4.740 m
0.66 m

=
>

7.53 m
1.48 m

360

Contact width of tyre in a direction perpendicular to the span


Wheel dimension perpendicular to span
Dist. from outer edge of kerb to
=
0.5 + 1.2 + 0.41 / 2
c.g of wheel
Effective width
a
b1
Effective width

a a (1 - a / lo) + b1

=
=
=

the distance of c.g of concentrated load from nearer support


10.7 / 2 - 1.22 / 2
0.36 + 2 * 0.15

Effective width for design

(Refer Cl.305.16.2)

=
2.6 x 4.74 x (1 - 4.74 / 10.7) + 0.66
(Dispersion width crosses the deck slab)
(Dispersion width of four wheels overlaps in trans direction)

Effective load in trans direction


=

5.00 t
5.273 Kg/cm2
360 mm

20.00 t

8.048 m

Page # 12

(In transverse direction)


1.905
Crash Barrier
0.50

3.1.2

1.20

2.380
0.41

0.04

0.41

1.07

0.41

Dispersion along span direction


(Refer Cl.305.16.3 of IRC:21)

0.263 + 2 x (0.15 + 0.9)

Dispersion width for design


(In longitudinal direction)

(IF(2.363>1.22,(2.363 + 1.22),2.363)

Total load
Dispersion area
Load per unit area

=
=
=

Load per unit area with I.F

Axle - " m ":

0.04

0.41

=
>

2.363 m
1.220

3.583 m

8.048 x 3.583
40 / 28.836

=
=
=

40.0 t
28.84 m2
1.39 t/m2

1.39 x 1.25

1.74 t/m2

(Refer Appendix 1, IRC : 6-2000 )

5t

5t
795

410

385

5t
790

410

380

5t

20 t

20 t

795

410

385

410
1220

2790

Page # 13

Total Load
Impact factor

Transverse

Longitudinal

=
=

=
=

(Refer Cl.211.3 of IRC:6-1966)

Min. clear distance from C/B to the edge of the end wheel
Distance between the axles in the dir. of traffic
C/C distance between end wheels in trans direction

=
=
=
410

40.00 t
1.25
1.20 m
1.22 m
2.38 m

Load on one tyre


Max. tyre pressure
Contact width of tyre

=
=
=

(Refer Table of IRC:6-2000)


(Refer Table of IRC:6-2000)

=
=
=

Contact area
Breadth

=
=

5000 / 5.273
948.23 / 36

=
=

948.23 cm2
26.3 cm

Contact area

360 x 263 mm
=
=
=

0.36 m
0.41 m
1.905 m

=
=

4.740 m
0.66 m

=
>

7.53 m
0.79 m

360

Contact width of tyre in a direction perpendicular to the span


Wheel dimension perp. to span
Distance from outer edge of kerb to c.g of wheel
Effective width
a
b1
Effective width

a a (1 - a / lo) + b1

=
=
=

the distance of c.g of concentrated load from nearer support


10.7 / 2 - 1.22 / 2
0.36 + 2 * 0.15

5.00 t
5.273 Kg/cm2
360 mm

(Refer Cl.305.16.2)

=
2.6 x 4.74 x (1 - 4.74 / 1.22) + 0.66
(Dispersion width crosses the deck slab)
(Dispersion width of four wheels overlaps in trans direction)

Page # 14

Effective load in trans direction


Effective width for design
(In transverse direction)

1.905
Crash Barrier
0.50

3.1.3

1.20

20.00 t

8.048 m

2.380
0.41

0.39

0.41

0.38

0.41

0.39

0.41

Dispersion along span direction


(Refer Cl.305.16.3 of IRC:21)

0.263 + 2 x (0.15 + 0.9)

=
>

2.363 m
1.220

Dispersion width for design


(In longitudinal direction)

(IF(2.363>1.22,(2.363 + 1.22),2.363)

3.583 m

Total load
Dispersion area
Load per unit area

=
=
=

8.048 x 3.583
40 / 28.836

=
=
=

40.0 t
28.836 m2
1.39 t/m2

Load per unit area with I.F

1.388 x 1.25

1.74 t/m2

Axle - " n ":

(Refer Appendix 1, IRC : 6-2000 )


2.5 t
280

2.5 t
480

2.5 t
280

2.5 t
480

2.5 t
280

2.5 t
480

2.5 t
280

2.5 t

20 t

20 t

Page # 15

230

230
50

230

230

250

230

50

250
2790

230
50

230
250

230
50

1220

Transverse
Total Load
Impact factor

=
=

=
=

(Refer Cl.211.3 of IRC:6-1966)

Min. clear distance from C/B to the edge of the end wheel
Distance between the axles in the dir. of traffic
c/c distance between end wheels in trans direction

=
=
=
230

40.00 t
1.25
1.20 m
1.22 m
2.56 m

Load on one tyre


Max. tyre pressure
Contact width of tyre

=
=
=

(Refer Table of IRC:6-2000)


(Refer Table of IRC:6-2000)

=
=
=

Contact area
Breadth

=
=

2500 / 5.273
474.12 / 18

=
=

474.12 cm2
26.3 cm

Contact area

180 x 263 mm
=
=
=

0.18 m
0.23 m
1.815 m

4.740 m

180

Contact width of tyre in a direction perpendicular to the span


Wheel dimension perp. to span
Distance from outer edge of kerb to c.g of wheel
Effective width
a

a a (1 - a / lo) + b1

=
=

the distance of c.g of concentrated load from nearer support


10.7 / 2 - 1.22 / 2

2.50 t
5.273 Kg/cm2
180 mm

(Refer Cl.305.16.2)

Page # 16

b1
Effective width

0.18 + 2 * 0.15

=
2.6 x 4.74 x (1 - 4.74 / 2.363) + 0.48
(Dispersion width crosses the deck slab)
(Dispersion width of wheels overlaps in trans direction)

Effective load in trans direction


Effective width for design
(In transverse direction)

1.815
Crash Barrier
0.50

1.20

0.280
0.23

0.480
0.23

0.23

0.05

3.2

0.280

0.25

0.480
0.23

0.05

0.280
0.23

0.25

0.480
0.23

0.05

0.48 m

=
>

7.35 m
0.48 m

20.00 t

8.048 m

0.280
0.23

0.25

0.23
0.05 0.23

Dispersion along span direction


(Refer Cl.305.16.3 of IRC:21)

0.263 + 2 x (0.15 + 0.9)

=
>

2.363 m
1.220

Dispersion width for design


(In longitudinal direction)

(IF(2.363>1.22,(2.363 + 1.22),2.363)

3.583 m

Total load
Dispersion area
Load per unit area

=
=
=

8.048 x 3.583
40 / 28.836

=
=
=

40.0 t
28.836 m2
1.39 t/m2

Load per unit area with I.F

1.388 x 1.25

1.74 t/m2

Class -A vehicle:

(Refer IRC : 6-2000,Cl. 207.1 )

Page # 17

3.2.1

Single Lane Class A


5.7 t

5.7 t

11.4 t

11.4 t

1800

500

1300

500
1200

2300

Total Load
Impact factor

Transverse

Longitudinal

=
=

=
=

(Refer Cl.211.3 of IRC:6-1966)

22.80 t
1.270

Min. clear distance from C/B to the edge of the end wheel
Distance between the axles in the dir. of traffic
c/c distance between end wheels in trans direction

=
=
=

0.15 m
1.20 m
1.80 m

Contact width of tyre


Contact breadth of tyre

=
=

=
=

500 mm
25 cm

Contact area

=
=
=

0.50 m
0.50 m
0.90 m

500 x 250 mm

Contact width of tyre in a direction perpendicular to the span


Wheel dimension perpendicular to span
Distance from outer edge of kerb to c.g of wheel
Effective width

a a (1 - a / lo) + b1

(Refer Cl.305.16.2)

Page # 18

a
b1
Effective width

=
=
=

the distance of c.g of concentrated load from nearer support


10.7 / 2 - 1.2 / 2
0.5 + 2 * 0.15

=
2.6 x 4.75 x (1 - 4.75 / 10.7) + 0.8
(Dispersion width crosses the deck slab)
(Dispersion width of two wheels overlaps in trans direction)

Effective load in trans direction


0.90
Crash Barrier
0.50

0.15

=
=

4.750 m
0.80 m

=
>

7.67 m
1.8 m

11.40 t

6.534 m

1.800
0.50

1.30

0.50

Effective width for design


(In transverse direction)

Dispersion along span direction


(Refer Cl.305.16.3 of IRC:21)

0.25 + 2 x (0.15 + 0.9)

=
>

2.35 m
1.200

Dispersion width for design


(In longitudinal direction)

IF(2.35>1.2,(2.35 + 1.2),2.35)

3.550 m

Total load
Dispersion area
Load per unit area

=
=
=

6.534 x 3.55
22.8 / 23.196

=
=
=

22.8 t
23.20 m2
0.99 t/m2

Load per unit area with I.F

0.99 x 1.27

1.26 t/m2

Page # 19

3.2.2

Two Lane Class A


5.7 t

5.7 t
1800

500

1300

5.7 t
1700

500

5.7 t

22.8 t

22.8 t

1800

1200

500

1300

500
1200

5300

Total Load
Impact factor

Transverse

Longitudinal

=
=

=
=

(Refer Cl.211.3 of IRC:6-1966)

45.60 t
1.27

Min. clear distance from C/B to the edge of the end wheel
Distance between the axles in the direction of traffic
c/c distance between end wheels in trans direction

=
=
=

0.15 m
1.20 m
5.30 m

Contact width of tyre


Contact breadth of tyre

=
=

=
=

500 mm
25 cm

Contact area

=
=
=

0.50 m
0.50 m
0.90 m

500 x 250 mm

Contact width of tyre in a direction perpendicular to the span


Wheel dimension perpendicular to span
Distance from outer edge of kerb to c.g of wheel
Effective width

a a (1 - a / lo) + b1

(Refer Cl.305.16.2)

Page # 20

a
b1
Effective width

=
=
=

the distance of c.g of concentrated load from nearer support


10.7 / 2 - 1.2 / 2
0.5 + 2 * 0.15

=
2.6 x 4.75 x (1 - 4.75 / ) + 0.8
(Dispersion width crosses the deck slab)
(Dispersion width of four wheels overlaps in trans direction)

Effective load in transverse direction


0.90
Crash Barrier
0.50

3.3

0.15

1.800
0.50

1.30

1.700
0.50

1.20

=
=

4.750 m
0.80 m

=
>

7.67 m
1.8 m

22.80 t

10.034 m

1.800
0.50

1.30

0.50

Effective width for design


(In transverse direction)

Dispersion along span direction


(Refer Cl.305.16.3 of IRC:21)

0.25 + 2 x (0.15 + 0.9)

=
>

2.35 m
1.200

Dispersion width for design


(In longitudinal direction)

IF(2.35>1.2,(2.35 + 1.2),2.35)

3.550 m

Total load
Dispersion area
Load per unit area

=
=
=

10.034 x 3.55
45.6 / 35.621

=
=
=

45.6 t
35.62 m2
1.29 t/m2

Load per unit area with I.F

1.29 x 1.26946107784431

1.64 t/m2

70 R Tracked vehicle

Page # 21

Total load
Impact factor

=
=

=
=

(Refer Cl.211.3 of IRC:6-1966)

70.00 t
1.100

Min. clear distance from C/B to the edge of the end wheel
Length of vehicle in span direction
Contact width of tyre in a direction perpendicular to the span
C/C distance of wheels in a direction perpendicular to span

=
=
=
=

1.20 m
4.57 m
0.85 m
2.05 m

Distance from outer edge of C/barrier to c.g of wheel

2.125 m

=
=

5.350 m
1.15 m

=
>

8.11 m
2.05 m

Effective width
a
b1
Effective width

a a (1 - a / lo) + b1

=
=
=

the distance of c.g of concentrated load from nearer support


10.7 / 2
0.85 + 2 * 0.15

=
2.6 x 5.35 x (1 - 5.35 / 10.7) + 1.15
(Dispersion width crosses the deck slab)
(Dispersion width of wheels overlaps in trans direction)

Effective total load in transvrse direction


2.125
Crash Barrier
0.50

(Refer Cl.305.16.2)

70.00 t

8.228 m

2.050
1.20

Effective width for design


(In transverse direction)

0.85

1.20

0.85

Page # 22

3.4

Dispersion along span direction


(Refer Cl.305.16.3 of IRC:21)

Dispersion width for design


(In longitudinal direction)

4.57 + 2 x (0.15 + 0.9)

6.67 m

6.670 m

Total load
Dispersion area
Load per unit area

=
=
=

8.228 x 6.67
70 / 54.881

=
=
=

70.0 t
54.88 m2
1.28 t/m2

Load per unit area with I.F

1.276 x 1.1

1.404 t/m2

Summary of Intensity of Loads:


Loading
70R - Axle 'l'
70R - Axle 'm'
70R - Axle 'n'
1 Lane Class A
2 Lane Class A
70R-Track
Design LL intensity for analysis

Intensity of Load (t/m2)


1.738
1.735
1.735
1.257
1.638
1.404
=

1.738 t/m2

Page # 23

Project

: Four Laning of Tirupati-Tiruthani-Chennai Section of NH-205

Err:509
0 DESIGN OF PORTAL

Serviceability Limit State(SLS)


Stress Level
Moment of Inertia of
cracked section

Maximum compressive
stress in concrete

Err:504
Err:504 mm4
Stresses are calculated for Maximum bending moment

Maximum tensile stress


in steel

Err:504
Err:504 <

#REF! MPa

Err:504

Err:504
Err:504 <

#REF! MPa

Err:504

Crack width
Maximum crack width
where spacing of bonded
reinforcement with in the
tension zone

Wk

Maximum crack spacing


Sr,max

Coefficent based on bond


propoerties k1

<=
<=
<=

5*(C+/2)
#REF!
#REF!

mm

=
=
=

Sr,max (sm-cm)

=
=
=

(3.4c+0.425k1k2)/p.eff
#REF!
#REF!

0.8 for Deformed bars

#REF!
#REF! mm

Coefficent based on
distribution of strain k2
eff

(sm-cm)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
>=
=

0.5 for bending


As/Ac.eff
Err:504
Err:504
sc - kt fct.eff/eff e.eff))/Es

>=0.6 sc / Es

Err:504
Err:504
Err:504
Err:504

>=0.6 sc / Es

Err:504

>=0.6 sc / Es

Project

: Four Laning of Tirupati-Tiruthani-Chennai Section of NH-205

Err:509
0 DESIGN OF PORTAL

Serviceability Limit State(SLS)


Stress Level
Moment of Inertia of cracked section

Err:504
Err:504 mm4

Err:504
Err:504 <

#REF!

Err:504
Err:504 <

#REF!

Stresses are calculated for Maximum bending moment


Maximum compressive stress in concrete ( cc)

Maximum tensile stress in steel ( sc)

Crack width
Maximum crack width
where spacing of bonded reinforcement with in the
tension zone

<=
<=
<=

5*(C+/2)
Err:504
Err:504

mm

<=
Case 1: Spacing of bonded reinforcement with in the tension zone
<=
Err:504
Err:504
Coefficient based on bond propoerties k1
Coefficient based on distribution of strain k2
.
Maximum crack spacing Sr,max

=
=
=
=
=

5*(C+/2)

0.8 for deformed bars


0.5 for bending

(3.4c+0.425k1k2)/p.eff
#REF!
Err:504 mm

eff

=
=
=

Equivalent diameter eq

As/Ac.eff
Err:504
Err:504
n112 + n222
n11 + n22

Case2 :the spacing of bonded reinforcement


or No bonded reinforcement with in th

Maximum crack spacing Sr,max

(For defferent dia of bars are used)

>
>

5*(C+/2)
Err:504

mm

=
=

1.3 (d-XU)
Err:504

mm

case 3 : Defermed bar associated with pure bending


Maximum crack spacing Sr,max

Maximum of maximum cracking spacing Srmax

Factor dependent on the duration of the load (kt)


(sm-cm)

=
=
=
>=
=

3.4c+0.17
p.eff

Err:504

mm

Err:504 mm

0.5

sc - kt fct.eff/eff e.eff))/Es
Err:504
Err:504
Err:504
Err:504

>=0.6 sc / Es

Wk

=
=
=

Sr,max (sm-cm)
Err:504
Err:504 mm

<

Err:504

MPa

Err:504

MPa

Err:504

are used)

>=0.6 sc / Es
Err:504

0.2

very severe
and extreme

1.3

Live load

(a)

Single lane of IRC class 70R.

(track load)
25% (For 70 R track and Wheeled load)

Impact factor =I

0.84

35t 35t

35t 35t
4.57

2.06 m
Position of live load for maximum Moment
Traffic Direction
4.57
Approaches
10
X= 5.000000005

0.5
0.84

1.22

1.2

2.12

2.06

Dispersion of single Lane 70 R Track loadover the deck slab


Width of live load over the deck of culvert

=b1

0.84

Now, allowing for the dispersion of load through the deck,


Effective width of dispersion
(Ref:Cl: 305.16.2 of IRC :21-2000)
Here,
a= 5.000000005
= f(b/lo)=
2.6

bef=

Effective width of dispersion B=

2.6 X

###

=
Therefore net width of dispersion =
=

###
3.67
9.4

Effective length of load at the culvert depth =l'

m
+ 2.06
m
= 4.57
= 5.87

Average intensity of load over the culvert slab=


(with impact factor)

+2
>
70
= 4.57
2.036873224

=
(b)

###

Single lane class 70R ,Bogie load


(col l)
Traffic Direction
0.36

0.36

0.45

0.36

0.36

1.48

0.36

0.45

0.36

1.48

Position of live load for maximum Load

5.000000005

1.22
10

0.5

CL
0.36

Crash Barrier

0.36

0.36

1.2

0.45

1.48

1.7

0.81

1.84

Dispersion of single Lane 70 R Bogie load over the deck slab

Now, allowing for the dispersion of load through the deck,


bef=

Effective width of dispersion


Here,
a=
1.675
f(b/l
)=

=
2.6
o
Effective width of dispersion bef=
2.6 X
x 1.675
=
Therefore net width of dispersion=

1.26875
= 5.9975 m
0.263
= 1.563

Width of disperson parallel to span=

Eff length of load at the culvert depth =l'

=Min.of

2.5375
m
+ 2 x 0.81
+2

x ( 0.3

(1.22+
= 2.783

1.563)

Average intensity of load over the culvert slab=


(with impact factor)

40
2.783
2.995618758

=
(c)

x ( 1-

Two lane of IRC class A load


48% (For IRC class A)

Impact factor =I
0.5

0.5

0.5

1.8
Axil load

2.7

2.7
1.1

1.7
11.4

3.2

0.5

1.8
11.4

1.2

6.8
4.3

CL
0.5
0.5

0.5

0.5

0.15

1.3

1.2

0.9

1.8

1.7

Width of live load over the deck of culvert

=bw

Now, allowing for the dispersion of load through the deck,


bef=

Effective width of dispersion


Here,

x=
1.675
k= f(b/l)=

Effective width of dispersion B=

2.6

2.6 X

x 1.675

=
Therefore net width of dispersion

0.9
= 7.53875 m

x ( 1-

2.6775
m
+ 2 x 1.8

Width of disperson parallel to span=

1.22+
=
2.77 m
Effective length of load at the culvert depth =l' Min.of
=
= 2.77 m

Average intensity of load over the culvert slab=


(with impact factor)
=
S.No
(a)
(b)
(c)

Load Case
Single Lane 70R (Track)
Single Lane 70R (Bogie)
Two lane IRC class A load

0.25
2.77

11.4 x 4 x
2.77
2.729126967

Avg. Intensity of Load


2.040 t/sq.m
3.000 t/sq.m
2.730 t/sq.m

Track Load

Over approaches

0.84

0.35
###
Deck slab

R Track loadover the deck slab


m

a (1-a/lo) +b1

10.00000001) +0.84

###

x ( 0.35
3.35

+0.3)

x 1.25
###
t/sq.m

0.36

0.45
1.22
0.36

0.45

0.36
0.45

350
Deck slab
0.81

R Bogie load over the deck slab

1.26875

a (1-a/lo) +b1

1.675

3.35)

+ 1.84

+0.36

1.26875

+0.35)

and

3.35

x 1.25
x 5.9975
t/sq.m

0.25

6.8

6.8

6.8
3

0.5
1.3

350 m
1.8
1.33875

0.5

a(1-a/lo) +b1

1.675

+ 1.7

x 1.49
x 7.54
t/sq.m

3.35)

+0.5

+ 1.33875
+2

(0.3

and

3.35

0.35)

Err:509

PROJECT No.
73125

Design of Box Culvert

1000

dt

Moment
=
Axial force =

#REF! KNm
KN

Eccectricity =
Asc top
Ast bottom
n
=
D
=
Clear cover
Eff cover
d
=
dt=dc
=
Conc Grade

#REF! m
#REF! nos
nos
113 mm
700 mm
50 mm
#REF! mm
#REF! mm
#REF! mm

Ast=
Asc=
m

D/4
175 mm

< e < 3/2D


< e < 1050 mm

#REF!
#REF!

40

#REF!

mm2
mm2

7.00

Taking moment of internal and external forces about the centre of tensile steel
We have ;
bxnxc'/2x(d-n/3)+(mc-1)Ascxc'/nx(n-nc)x(d-dc)= Px(e+D/2-dt)

or Stress in concrete c'=

#VALUE! N/mm2

Again equating the sum of internal forces to the external forces


We have
bxnxc'/2+(mc-1)xAscxc'/n(n-dc)-Astxt=P
or ,Stress in tensile steel t=
#VALUE! N/mm2
From these values of c' and t we have from stress diagram
n
=
d
(1+t/(mxc'))
or n=
#VALUE! mm
113.00 mm
#VALUE!
Assumed n=

Stress in compressive steel tc=

#VALUE! N/mm2

DOCUMENT No.
DESIGNED
JM

CHECKED
S.R

DATE
5-Nov-15
PAGE

e
dc

700

D (Overall depth)
Steel
N assumed
N calculated
Stress in Conc
Stress in Com. Steel
stress in tensile steel

Maximum BM = Mreq
Maximum SF = SFreq
Depth of member (D)
Width of the meber (b)
Grade of Concrete Used
Grade of steel
Charactristic strength of concrete (fck)
Charactristic strength of steel (fy)
Partial material safety factor for concrete (m)
Partial material safety factor for Steel (s)
Ultimate compressive strain in the concrete (cu3)
modulus of elasticity of reinforcing of steel (Es)
Ultimate tensile strain in the steel (s) = [{fy/(s xEs)}+0.002]
Coefficient to consider the influence of the concret strength ()
Factor ( )
Factor ()
fcd = (*fck/m)
Factor Fav (fcd)
Factor = ()
Effective depth of member (d)

=
=
=
=
=

38.6
20
210
1000
M30
Fe 500
30
500
1.5
1.15
0.0035
200000
0.00417
0.67
0.8
1
13.400
10.720
0.400
210
154
0.152
70.238

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

M/(bd2Fav) = kav
Limiting Neutral axis depth (x lim) = (d*cu3)/(s+cu3)

Force in compression = Force in Tension from Fig. A2-4 - rectangular Tensile Strength
fcd *x* b

fy*As
s

As

s * Fav * x*b
fy

fy*As *(d-x/2)
s

x2 -dx + M/Fav*b
x

Required reinforcement As

fy*s * Fav * x*b *(ds * fy

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Fav * x*b *(d-x)


0
d-sqrt(d2-4**M/Fav*b)/(2*
d*(1-sqrt(1-4**M/Fav*b*d
d*(1-sqrt(1-4**kav))/(2*
154x(1-sqrt1-4x0.4x0.152))/(
25.005569262
s * Fav * x*b
fy

=
=
=

1.15x10.72x25.006x1000/ 50
616.53731572

Provide

No's

Provided reinforcemnt

628.32

kN-m
kN
mm
mm

(From analysis)

N/mm2
N/mm2
Basic
Basic
Up to fck 60Mpa
N/mm2

Table no:6.5 (IRC:112-2011)


Table no:18.1 (IRC:112-2011)
Basic
Page 49: (IRC:112-2011)

Cube

A2.10 Page : 244 (IRC:112-2

or

Page 30: (IRC:112-2011)

Table no:6.5 (IRC:112-2011)


Clause 6.2.2 (IRC:112-2011)
Cube

or

0.8 Up to fck 60Mpa,Eq.A2-33 (IRC:112-2011); 0.8-((fck-60)/500) for 60<fck<110Mpa


1.0 Up to fck 60Mpa,Eq.A2-35 (IRC:112-2011); 1.0-((fck-60)/250) for 60<fck<110Mpa

40 -

16

mm

Fav * x*b

Fav * x*b *(d-x)

x*b *(d-x)

t(d2-4**M/Fav*b)/(2*)
sqrt(1-4**M/Fav*b*d2))/(2*)
sqrt(1-4**kav))/(2*)
(1-sqrt1-4x0.4x0.152))/(2x0.4)
mm
<

70.23796

Safe

616.54

Safe

x10.72x25.006x1000/ 500
mm2
20
mm2

>

XCC Engineers and Planners

Design of Box Girder

4.0 DESIGN OF SECTION


4.2 Top Slab
Maximum moment end support
Maximum moment mid support
Maximum moment mid span
Check for Depth
Maximum moment support/mid span
Depth Required
Depth Provided, deff

=
=
=
=
=
=
Provided Depth is OK

Reinforcement
Reinforcement at end support =
Diameter of bar
Required spacing
Provided Spacing

=
=
=
=
Provide 25 mm Diameter bar @ 180 mm C/C
=
=
=
=
Provide 25 mm Diameter bar @ 100 mm C/C
=
=
=
=
Provide 25 mm Diameter bar @ 180 mm C/C

Reinforcement at mid support =


Diameter of bar
Required spacing
Provided Spacing
Reinforcement at mid span =
Diameter of bar
Required spacing
Provided Spacing

Check for Shear


Shear force at deff from face of wall
Shear Stress

=
=
Refer Table 12B of IRC:21-2000
pt
tc
0.50
0.58
1.00

Permissible Shear Stress =


Shear capacity
Balance Shear
Diameter of Stirrups =
Assume Spacing of Stirrups
Area of Steel required, Asw

0.37
0.38
0.42
=
Provide shear reinforcement
=
=
=
=
=

50

XCC Engineers and Planners

Design of Box Girder

Area of Steel Provided, Asw

=
Provide 10mm Diameter bar @ 300mm C/C

x is the distance from the face of wall where shear force


=
equals shear capacity of the section
Say
Provide shear renforcmnt upto 1680mm from face of near wall on both sides
4.3 Vertical Wall
Maximum moment top
Maximum moment bottom
Maximum moment mid span
Check for Depth
Maximum moment support/mid span
Depth Required
Depth Provided, deff

=
=
=
=
=
=
Provided Depth is OK

Reinforcement
Reinforcement at top=
Diameter of bar
Required spacing
Provided Spacing

=
=
=
=
Provide 20 mm Diameter bar @ 140 mm C/C
=
=
=
=
Provide 20 mm Diameter bar @ 290 mm C/C

Reinforcement at Bottom =
Diameter of bar
Required spacing
Provided Spacing

Check for Shear


Shear Force near base at deff
Maximum Shear Stress

=
=
Refer Table 12B of IRC:21-2000
pt
tc
0.25
0.27
0.50

Permissible Shear Stress =

0.31
0.31
0.37
=
Shear stress within permissible limit

51

XCC Engineers and Planners

Design of Box Girder

558.00 kN.m
1000.00 kN.m
558.72 kN.m
1000.00 kN.m
718.00 mm
840.00 mm
Provided Depth is OK

2710.56 mm
25.00 mm
181.10 mm
180.00 mm
Provide 25 mm Diameter bar @ 180 mm C/C
0.32
4857.64 mm
25.00 mm
101.05 mm
100.00 mm
Provide 25 mm Diameter bar @ 100 mm C/C
0.58
2714.06 mm
25.00 mm
180.86 mm
180.00 mm
Provide 25 mm Diameter bar @ 180 mm C/C
0.32

350.00 kN
0.42 N/mm

0.38 N/mm
Provide shear reinforcement
317.89 kN
32.11 kN
10 mm
300 mm
41.70 mm

52

XCC Engineers and Planners

Design of Box Girder

261.80 mm
Provide 10mm Diameter bar @ 300mm C/C

1680.00 m
1680.00 mm
r renforcmnt upto 1680mm from face of near wall on both sides

449.00 kN.m
218.00 kN.m
126.00 kN.m
449.00 kN.m
481.00 mm
615.00 mm
Provided Depth is OK

2181.08 mm
20.00 mm
144.04 mm
140.00 mm
Provide 20 mm Diameter bar @ 140 mm C/C
0.27
1058.97 mm
20.00 mm
296.67 mm
290.00 mm
Provide 20 mm Diameter bar @ 290 mm C/C
0.13

199.00 kN
0.24 N/mm

0.31 N/mm
Shear stress within permissible limit

53

5.0 DESIGN FOR FOOTING


Considering Load Case: (104)
5.1 DATA
Grade of concrete (fck)
Grade of Reinforcement(fy)
Unit wt. of concrete
Unit wt. of soil
Unit weight of water
Total depth of foundation below R.L.
Net SBC of Soil
Length of wall, Lp
Width of the Wall, Wp
Projection of Column Above GL.
Length of the footing, L
Width of the footing, B
Thickness of the footing, Tf

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

5.2 STAAD REACTIONS


Node no. =
Loading Combination =
Vertical Load (fy)
Horz. Load (Fx)
Horz. Load (Fz)
Moment (Mx)
Moment (Mz)

40.00
500.00
25.00
20.00
10.00
1.20
300.00
0.70
1.00
0.00
3.80
1.00
0.70

104
=
=
=
=
=

12
4
984.12
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.50 m

0.70 m

ELEVATION

1.00

1.55

5.3 WALL
Length (l, dim. || Z axis )
Breadth (b, dim. || X axis)

0.70
PLAN

1.55

=
=

700
1000

Height of pedestal
Weight of pedestal/column

=
=

0.50
17.50

5.4 FOOTING
Foot length (L, dim. || Z axis)
Foot Breadth (B, dim. || X axis)
Thickness of footing (t)
Clear cover to Reinforcement
Main bar dia of footing
Effective depth of footing
Selfweight of the footing
Area of Footing(A)
Sect mod of foot (Zxx)
Sec mod of foot (Zzz)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

3.80
1.00
700
75
20
615.00
66.50
3.80
0.63
2.41

5.5 CHECK FOR GROSS BEARING PRESSURE


Safe NET bearing pressure
=
300.00
25% increase due to earthquake
=
375.00
Unfactored load case number
=
1.00
Axial load from output (P1)
=
984.12
Moment about Z axis (Mx)
=
0.00
Moment about X axis (Mz)
=
0.00
Depth of top of foot. from ground
=
0.50
Unit wt of soil
=
18.00
Weight of soil retained above foot
=
27.90
P = (P1+soil+pedestal+foot selfwt)
=
1096.02
Maximum bearing pressure
=
288.43
Minimum bearing pressure
=
288.42
Hence footing is safe against max gross bearing pr.
5.6 DESIGN FORCES
Factored load comb. no.
Axial load:(Pu)
Moment about Z axis (Mux)
Moment about X axis (Muz)
Resultant Hz force(Hr)
Maximum effective soil pressure pe max
Pressure due to P
Pressure due to Mx
Pressure due to Mz
( Pu/Area+ Muz/Zz + Mux/Zx)
Minimum effective soil pressure pe min
( Pu/Area - Muz/Zz - Mux/Zx)
Design of footing is done using above maximum effective soil pressure
Design Base Pressure
4

1.00

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1.00
1096.02
0.00
0.00
0.00

288.42

288.43
0.00
0.00
288.43

3.80

footing plan
Pressure at corner '1'
Pressure at corner '2'
Pressure at corner '3'
Pressure at corner '4'

=
=
=
=

288.43
288.42
288.42
288.43

=
=
=
=
R=c* j* k/2=

288.43
10
13.33
275
1.94

Pressure Variation along X direction

1/4.

2/3.
1.55

0.70

1.55

288.42
288.43

Presure @ Pedestial face


Modular Ratio of (Es/Es),
Allowable Flexural Comp. Stress in Concrete,
Allowable tensile Stress in Reinforcement,
k=
0.33
j = 1-k/3
0.89
Depth Check (considering 1m width of footing)
Moment @ pedestial face
Load factor for Concrete design
Factored Moment, Mx
Eff. Depth required
Eff. Depth provided, deff

Reinforcement calculation
% steel reqd.
min. % of steel reqd.
Area of Steel reqd.
Spacing of reinforcement
Provide spacing
area of Steel provided

=
335.66
=
335.66
=
1
=
335.66
=
416.05
=
617
Hence Effective depth provided is OK.

=
=
=
=
=
=

0.36
0.15
2219.83
141.52
125
2513.28

% steel provided

0.41

One way shear(along X direction)


4

1.00

2
0.93
3.80

288.43

288.42

Pressure variation
Pressure @ section

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Shear force @ section


Max Shear force
Shear stress,tv
Percentage steel provided

288.43
288.43
130.35
130.35
130.35
0.21
0.41

Refer Table 12B of IRC 21: 2000


Pt
tc
0.25
0.23
0.41
0.28
0.5
0.31
Permissible shear stress =

0.28
Shear stress is within permissible limit, Hence section provided is OK.

Summary
Length of the Footing in X- direction
Width of the footing in Z- direction
Thickness of the footing

=
=
=

Bottom reinforcement
Provide at bttm 20 mm TOR @ 125 mm C/C parallel X direction
Provide at bttm 12 mm TOR @ 150 mm C/C parallel Z direction
Provide at top 12 mm TOR @ 125 mm C/C parallel X direction
Provide at top 12 mm TOR @ 200 mm C/C parallel Z direction"
Provide 10mm Dia. 3 Nos. Skin Bar

(CL 706.3 IRC-78)

3.80
1.00
0.70

N/mm
N/mm
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
m
kN/m
m
m
m
m
m
m

kN
kN
kN
kN-m
kN-m

mm
mm

m
kN

m
m
mm
mm
mm
mm
kN
m
m
m

kN/m
kN/m
kN
kN-m
kN-m
m
kN/m
kN
kN
kN/m
kN/m

kN
kN-m
kN-m
kN
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m

kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m

kN/m
N/mm
N/mm

kN.m
kN.m
kN.m
mm
mm

%
%
mm
mm
mm
mm

kN/m
kN/m
kN
kN
kN
N/mm
%

N/mm

m
m
m

Table 6.5 Stress and Deformation Characteristics for Normal

Strenght classes for Concrete


fck (MPa) fcm(MPa) fctm(MPa)
M15
M20
M25
M30
M35
M40
M45
M50
M55
M60
M65
M70
M75
M80
M85
M90

15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90

25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100

1.6
1.9
2.2
2.5
2.8
3.0
3.3
3.5
3.7
4.0
4.1
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.7
4.8

fctk,0.05( fctk,0.95(
Ecm (GPa) cl (0/00) cul (0/00)
MPa)
MPa)
1.1
2.0
27
1.8
3.5
1.3
2.5
29
1.9
3.5
1.5
2.9
30
2.0
3.5
1.7
3.2
31
2.0
3.5
1.9
3.6
32
2.1
3.5
2.1
3.9
33
2.2
3.5
2.3
4.3
34
2.3
3.5
2.5
4.6
35
2.3
3.5
2.6
4.9
36
2.4
3.5
2.8
5.2
37
2.4
3.5
2.9
5.4
38
2.5
3.4
3.0
5.6
38
2.5
3.2
3.1
5.7
39
2.6
3.0
3.2
5.9
40
2.6
2.9
3.3
6.1
40
2.7
2.9
3.3
6.2
41
2.7
2.8

1 Strength designation of concrete,(based on charactristic strength) and corresponding properties to


2 The tabulated values of Ecm are for quartzite/granite aggregate. For other aggregates, they shoul
Lime stone =
0.9 , Sand Sto
0.7 ,basalt =
1.2

Table 6.1 Grades of Reinforced Steel


Type of
Steel

Grade/
Designati
on

Mild
Steel(MS)

Grade I

Fe 415
High yield Fe 415D
strength
Fe 500
deformed
Fe 500D
steel
Fe 550
(HYSD
Fe 550D
Steel)
Fe 600

Fy

415
415
500
500
550
550
600

stics for Normal Concrete

oncrete
2 (0/00) cu2 (0/00)
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.3
2.4
2.4

3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.3
3.1
2.9
2.8
2.7
2.6

2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.9
1.7
1.6
1.5
1.5
1.4

3 (0/00) cu3 (0/00)


1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.9
1.9
2.0
2.1

3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.3
3.1
2.9
2.8
2.7
2.6

ponding properties to be used in the design are given below. The strains are expressed in per thousand by 0/00 sign.
ggregates, they should be multiplied by factors as given below

sand by 0/00 sign.

Project
Err:509

:
0 DESIGN OF PORTAL

#REF!
*ANALYSIS OF BOX CULVERT WITH SPRING CONSTANT
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1000
2 0.35 0 0
3 0.85 0 0
4 2.136 0 0
5 3.422 0 0
6 4.708 0 0
7 5.993 0 0
8 7.279 0 0
9 8.565 0 0
10 9.85 0 0
11 10.35 0 0
12 10.7 0 0
13 0 0.35 0
14 0 0.85 0
15 0 2.517 0
16 0 4.184 0
17 0 5.85 0
18 0 6.35 0
19 10.7 0.35 0
20 10.7 0.85 0
21 10.7 2.517 0
22 10.7 4.184 0
23 10.7 5.85 0
24 10.7 6.35 0
25 0 6.8 0
26 0.35 6.8 0
27 0.85 6.8 0
28 3.384 6.8 0
29 4.695 6.8 0
30 6.006 6.8 0
31 7.317 6.8 0
32 9.85 6.8 0
33 10.35 6.8 0
34 10.7 6.8 0
35 10.701 0 0
36 -0.001 0 0
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2;
2 2 3;
3 3 4;
4 4 5;
5 5 6;
6 6 7;
7 7 8;
8 8 9;

9 9 10;
10 10 11;

11 11 12;
12 1 13;
13 13 14;
14 14 15;
15 15 16;
16 16 17;
17 17 18;
18 18 25;
19 12 19;
20 19 20;
21 20 21;
22 21 22;
23 22 23;
24 23 24;
25 24 34;
26 25 26;
27 26 27;
28 27 28;
29 28 29;
30 29 30;
31 30 31;
32 31 32;
33 32 33;
34 33 34;
35 36 1
36 12 35
MEMBER PROPERTIES INDIAN
1 11 PRIS YD 0.7 ZD 1
2 10 PRIS YD 0.7 ZD 1
3 TO 9 PRIS YD 0.7 ZD 1
12 TO 18 PRIS YD 0.7 ZD 1
19 TO 25 PRIS YD 0.7 ZD 1
26 TO 36 PRIS YD 0.9 ZD 1
CONSTANTS
E 31622777 ALL
POISSON 0.15 ALL
DENSITY 25 ALL
ALPHA 1.17e-005 ALL
SUPPORTS
1 FIXED BUT FZ MX MY MZ KFY 280.001
12 FIXED BUT FX FZ MX MY MZ KFY 280.001
2 11 FIXED BUT FX FZ MX MY MZ KFY 680
3 10 FIXED BUT FX FZ MX MY MZ KFY 1428.572
4 TO 9 FIXED BUT FX FZ MX MY MZ KFY 2057.143
35 36 FIXED BUT FX FZ MX MY MZ KFY 0.001

LOAD 1 SELF WEIGHT


SELFWEIGHT Y -1
LOAD 2 SIDL
MEMBER LOAD
26 TO 34 UNI GY -6.3
LOAD 3 ACTIVE EARTH PR. (BOTH SIDES)
MEMBER LOAD
12 TRAP GX 76.01 72.51
13 TRAP GX 72.51 67.51
14 TRAP GX 67.51 50.84
15 TRAP GX 50.84 34.17
16 TRAP GX 34.17 17.5
17 TRAP GX 17.5 12.5
18 TRAP GX 12.5 8
19 TRAP GX -76.01 -72.51
20 TRAP GX -72.51 -67.51
21 TRAP GX -67.51 -50.84
22 TRAP GX -50.84 -34.17
23 TRAP GX -34.17 -17.5
24 TRAP GX -17.5 -12.5
25 TRAP GX -12.5 -8
*WEIGHT OF EARTH ON PROEJCTED PORTION OF SLAB
35 36 UNI GY 0
LOAD 4 LIVE LOAD 1(70R TRACKED)
MEMBER LOAD
26 TO 34 UNI GY -14.04
LOAD 5 LIVE LOAD 2 (40T BOGIE )
MEMBER LOAD
26 TO 34 UNI GY -17.38
LOAD 6 LIVE LOAD 3(CLASS A 2LANE)
MEMBER LOAD
26 TO 34 UNI GY -16.38
LOAD 7 LL SURCHARGE (BOTH SIDES)
MEMBER LOAD
12 TO 18 UNI GX 12
19 TO 25 UNI GX -12
LOAD 8 LL SURCHARGE (LEFT SIDE)
MEMBER LOAD
12 TO 18 UNI GX 12
LOAD 9 LL SURCHARGE (RIGHT SIDE)
MEMBER LOAD
19 TO 25 UNI GX -12
LOAD 10 BRAKING FORCE (LEFT SIDE)
JOINT LOAD
25 FX 3.34

LOAD 11 BRAKING FORCE (RIGHT SIDE)


JOINT LOAD
34 FX -3.34
LOAD COMBINATION 101
112131
LOAD COMBINATION 102
11213141
LOAD COMBINATION 103
1121314171
LOAD COMBINATION 104
1 1 2 1 3 14 1 8 1 10 1
LOAD COMBINATION 105
1 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 9 1 11 1
LOAD COMBINATION 106
1 1 2 13 1 5 1
LOAD COMBINATION 107
1121315171
LOAD COMBINATION 108
1 1 2 1 3 1 5 1 8 1 10 1
LOAD COMBINATION 109
1 1 2 1 3 1 5 1 9 1 11 1
LOAD COMBINATION 110
11213161
LOAD COMBINATION 111
1121316171
LOAD COMBINATION 112
1 1 2 1 3 1 6 1 8 1 10 1
LOAD COMBINATION 113
1 1 2 1 3 1 6 1 9 1 11 1
PERFORM ANALYSIS
PRINT SUPPORT REACTION
PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOPE ALL
FINISH

Project

: Four Laning of Tirupati-Tiruthani-Chennai Section of NH-205

Err:509
0 DESIGN OF PORTAL

4.0

Design of Box Structure:

1 x 10 x 6 without Cushion
Theoretical curtailment point

C/L
27
25 26
18 26 27
17 18

28

29
28

30
29

17

16
16

15
15

14
14

13 13
12 1
1

Maximum BM = Mreq
Maximum SF = SFreq
Depth of member (D)
Width of the meber (b)
Grade of Concrete Used
Grade of steel
Charactristic strength of concrete (fck)

=
=
=
=
=
=

38.6 kN-m
20 kN
210 mm
1000 mm
M30
Fe 500
30 N/mm2

(From analysis)

Table no:6.5 (IRC:112-2

Page # 74

Project

: Four Laning of Tirupati-Tiruthani-Chennai Section of NH-205

Err:509
0 DESIGN OF PORTAL

Charactristic strength of steel (fy)


Partial material safety factor for concrete (m)
Partial material safety factor for Steel (s)
Ultimate compressive strain in the concrete (cu3)
modulus of elasticity of reinforcing of steel (Es)
Ultimate tensile strain in the steel (s) = [{fy/(s xEs)}+0.002]

Factor = ()
Effective depth of member (d)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

500 N/mm2
Table no:18.1 (IRC:1121.5 Basic
Page 49: (IRC:112-2011)
1.15 Basic
Page 30: (IRC:112-2011)
0.0035 Up to fck 60 Table no:6.5 (IRC:112-2
200000 N/mm2
Clause 6.2.2 (IRC:112-20
0.00417
0.67 Cube
A2.10 Page : 244 (IRC:112-201
0.8 0.8 Up to fck 60Mpa,Eq.A2-33 (IRC:112-2011)
1 1.0 Up to fck 60Mpa,Eq.A2-35 (IRC:112-2011);
13.400
10.720
0.400
844.0

M/(bd2Fav) = kav
Limiting Neutral axis depth (x lim) = (d*cu3)/(s+cu3)

=
=

0.005
384.941 mm

Coefficient to consider the influence of the concret strength ()


Factor ( )
Factor ()
fcd = (*fck/m)
Factor Fav (fcd)

Force in compression = Force in Tension from Fig. A2-4 - rectangular Tensile Strength
fy*As
s

fcd *x* b

As

s * Fav * x*b

Fav * x*b

fy
M

fy*As *(d-x/2)
s

fy*s * Fav * x*b *(d-x)


s * fy

Page # 75

Project

: Four Laning of Tirupati-Tiruthani-Chennai Section of NH-205

Err:509
0 DESIGN OF PORTAL

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Fav * x*b *(d-x)


0
d-sqrt(d2-4**M/Fav*b)/(2*)
d*(1-sqrt(1-4**M/Fav*b*d2))/(2*)
d*(1-sqrt(1-4**kav))/(2*)
844x(1-sqrt1-4x0.4x0.005))/(2x0.4)
4.274948272 mm
<

s * Fav * x*b

=
=

fy
1.15x10.72x4.275x1000/ 500
105.4031246 mm2

Provide

No's

Provided reinforcemnt

Neutral axis depth (x)

x2 -dx + M/Fav*b
x

Required reinforcement
As

384.941

Safe

105.40

Safe

384.941

Safe

20
628.32 mm2

>

fy*As * m
s * fck * * b
471240
1.15x1x30x0.67x0.8x1000
25.480 mm

<

Page # 76

Project

: Four Laning of Tirupati-Tiruthani-Chennai Section of NH-205

Err:509
0 DESIGN OF PORTAL

Page # 77

Project

: Four Laning of Tirupati-Tiruthani-Chennai Section of NH-205

Err:509
0 DESIGN OF PORTAL

4.1

Check for Flexure as per IRC:21: Main Reinforcement

Section

29 & 30
27&28
16,17
15
13&14
2&3
4,5&6

Face

Top
Bottom
Top
Bottom
Outside
Inside
Outside
Inside
Outside
Inside
Top
Bottom
Top
Bottom

Mdes (KN.m)

10.73
44
43.7
10.00
54
12
25.3
22.3
64.54
16
18
59.6
58.89
14

Limiting
depth
(Xulim)

384.941
384.941
384.941
384.941
282.320
282.320
282.320
282.320
282.320
282.320
282.320
282.320
282.320
282.320

Xu

1.187
4.874
4.841
1.106
8.181
1.811
3.822
3.368
9.788
2.415
2.717
9.034
8.926
2.113

Effective
depth
provided

844.0
844.0
844.0
844.0
619.0
619.0
619.0
619.0
619.0
619.0
619.0
619.0
619.0
619.0

kav

Deff
required.
(mm)

0.0014051
0.005762
0.0057227
0.0013095
0.0131467
0.0029215
0.0061595
0.0054291
0.0157128
0.0038953
0.0043822
0.0145101
0.0143372
0.0034084

29
120
119
27
202
45
94
83
241
60
67
223
220
52

Ast reqd.
(mm2/m)

Min Ast Reqd


(mm2/m)

#REF!
#REF!

356
79
167
147
425
105
119
393
388
92

743
743
743
743
743
743
743
743
743
743

Page # 78

Project

: Four Laning of Tirupati-Tiruthani-Chennai Section of NH-205

Err:509
0 DESIGN OF PORTAL

4.2

Distribution Steel

Section

Top slab
vertical wall
Bottom slab

4.3

Face

Mdes (KN.m)

Limiting
depth
(Xulim)

Xu

Effective
depth
provided

kav

Top
Bottom
Outside
Inside
Top

10.9
11.0
16.1
5.6
14.7

384.94051
384.94051
384.94051
384.94051
384.94051

384.9405
384.9405
384.9405
384.9405
384.9405

844.0 0.0014307
844.0 0.0014405
619.0 0.0039282
619.0 0.0013573
619.0 0.0035843

Bottom

14.9

384.94051 384.9405

619.0 0.0036275

Deff reqd.
(m)

Doverall provd.
(m)

Deff provd. (m)

75.3

844

#REF!

91.2

608

87.7

608

Check for Shear as per IRC:21


Section

Vdes
(KN)

Axial Compressive Force Deff provd. Shear Stress


(KN)
vMpa

Multiplying Factor Due to Axial


Compression

(% steel)

(m)

Vertical wall
Bottom slab

71.0
98.0

115.0

619

0.1147

0.24

2.757

94.0

619

0.1583

0.30

5.32

Page # 79

Steel
Bar mark
ts1
ts2
ts3
ts4
ts5
ts6
w1
w2
w3
w4
w6
bs1
bs2
bs3
bs4
bs5
h1
h2
h3
h4

10.00
Dia
12
10
12
10
10
12
12
12
10
10
10
12
10
12
10
12
10
10
10
10

6.00
Spacing
120
200
200
200
8 No.
200
120
200
200
8 No.
200
200
200
120
200
200
200
200
200
10 No.

L1
L2
L3

3000
1800
1500

om analysis)

ble no:6.5 (IRC:112-2011)

Page # 80

ble no:18.1 (IRC:112-2011)

e 49: (IRC:112-2011)

e 30: (IRC:112-2011)

ble no:6.5 (IRC:112-2011)


use 6.2.2 (IRC:112-2011)

10 Page : 244 (IRC:112-2011)

,Eq.A2-33 (IRC:112-2011); 0.8-((fck-60)/500) for 60<fck<110Mpa

Cylinder

Eq.A2-35 (IRC:112-2011); 1.0-((fck-60)/250) for 60<fck<110Mpa

Page # 81

Page # 82

Page # 83

Bar Mark

Diameter

Spacing

Bar Mark

Diameter

Spacing

Ast provd.
(mm2/m)

(% steel)

Status

ts1
ts3
w1
ts3
w1
w2
w1
w2
w1
w2
bs1
w1
bs1
bs3

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

120
200
120
200
120
200
120
200
120
200
200
120
200
200

ts7
ts6
ts1
_
ts1
w5
_
w5
bs3
_
bs3
bs5
b6

0
12
12
0
12
0
0
0
12
0
0
12
12
0

120
200
120
200
120
200
120
200
200
200
200
120
200
200

942
1131
1885
565
1885.0
565.5
942.5
565.5
1508.0
565.5
565.5
1885.0
1131.0
565.5

#REF!

OK
#REF!
Not OK
Not OK

0.30
0.09
0.15
0.09
0.24
0.09
0.09
0.30
0.18
0.09

OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

Page # 84

Ast reqd.
(mm2/m)

Bar Mark

Diameter

Spacing

#REF!
#REF!
108
37
99

ts2
ts4
w3
w6
bs2

10
10
10
10
10

100

bs4

10

Permissible Shear Stress


cMpa

Status

0.629

OK

1.329

OK

Diameter

Spacing

Ast provd.
(mm2/m)

(% steel)

200
200
200
200
200

0
0
0
0
0

200
200
200
200
200

393
393
393
393
393

#REF!

200

200

393

0.06

Bar Mark

0.06
0.06
0.06

Page # 85