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- Lecture 28
- Steps for Steel Design
- Lateral Torsional Buckling of I-beams
- lateral torsional buckling
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- IS 800-2007_noPW
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3 Axial Load

4 Load Factor

Pf

My

My

Mz

Mz

My

My

Mz

Mz

fy

15 Grade of Steel

16 Section Properties of Hot Rolled Wide Flange section W 310 X 310 X 226

bf

=

Outstanding width of Flange

= bf/2

H

tf

tw

Depth of Web

=

=

Iz

Iy

Radius at Root

R

rz

ry

Zez

Zey

Zpz

Zpy

Ag

Youngs Modulus

G

mo

= E/2(1+)

b/tf

Poisons Ratio

Shear Modulus

Partial Factor of Safety of Material

Flange Classification

d/tw

Web Classification

The overall cross section is classified as Class I (Plastic)

For Plastic & Compact Sections b

for semi compact sections b

=

= Ze/Zp

The design Compression resistance of the cross section

Nd

= Ag.fy/mo

>

18 Bending Resistance of the Cross Section (As per Cl. 8.2.1.2 of IS 800-2007)

a) The Design Major axis bending Resistance of the cross

section about major 'z'z' axis

Mdz

= b*Zpz*fy/mo

>

section about major 'z'z' axis

Mdy

= b*Zpy*fy/mo

>

The design bending resistance of the section is fine along both major z-z axis and minor y-y axis. Hence, the sectio

19 Shear Resistance of the Cross Section (As per Cl. 8.4.1 of IS 800-2007)

The design Plastic shear resistance of the cross section

0.5

Vp

= (Av*(fyw/(3) ))/mo

Maximum Shear Force (Load parellel to web i.e., about zz)

Vz

=

Area of web

Av

shear force is

Vpz

= H*tw

=

>

y-y)

Vy

Area of web

= 2*bf*tf

Av

the shear force is

Vpy

>

Hence, the Shear is alright

20 Shear Buckling of the Cross Section (As per Cl. 8.4.2 of IS 800-2007)

for un-stiffned webs, the shear buckling need not be considered if d/t w is lessthan 67

d/tw

The Shear Force is less than 60% of the designed plastic shear resistance and hence, the cross section needs t

bending and axial force only

Reduced Plastic Moment of Resistance of the section

about 'z-z' axis for Rolled I or H sections

Mndz

1.11*Mdz(1-n)<Mdz

>

about 'y-y' axis for Rolled I or H sections

= N/Nd

Mndy

= 1.56*Mdy(1-n)(n+0.6)

<Mdz

(if n > 0.2)

>

Hence, the Moment of Resistance of the section for major axis 'z-z' and minor axis'y-y' are alright

22

Cross Section check for biaxial bending with reduced moment resistances (As per Cl. 9.3.1.1 of IS 800-2007)

In the design members subjected to combined axial force (tension

or compression) and Bending moment,should satisfy the relation

23

= 5n

Nd

= Ac*fcd

fcd

2

2 0.5

= (fy/mo)/(+( - ) )

= 0.5(1+(-0.2)+2)

0.5

= (fy/fcr)

fcr

2

2

= *E/(KL/r)

800-2007

KLz

= 0.65*L

length should be calculated by using Wood's curves.

800-2007

KLy

= 1.0*L

fcr,z

2

2

= *E/(KLz/rz)

0.5

= (fy/fcr,z)

fcr,y

2

2

= *E/(KLy/ry)

0.5

= (fy/fcr,y)

H/bf

for Hot Rolled I & H sections

tf

=

From Table 10, for buckling about zz axis, use curve 'b' & for buckling about yy axis, use curve 'c'

Select Imperfection Factor () from table 7 of IS 800-2007

Imperfection Factor for curve 'b'

Pd,z

z

2

= 0.5(1+b(z-0.2)+z )

Xy

2

2 0.5

= (1/(z+(z -z ) )

= Xy*fy*Ae/mo

Pd,z

>

Buckling Resistance about 'y-y' axis

Pd,y

y

2

= 0.5(1+c(y-0.2)+y )

Xz

2

2 0.5

= (1/(y+(y -y ) )

= Xz*fy*Ae/mo

Pd,y

>

Hence, the Buckling Resistance of the section about both major & minor axis is fine

24

As the member is 4 m long and is unsupported along its length with no torsional or lateral restraint. Ewqual and

end moments of 350 KN.M are applied about the major axis 'z'z'. Hence, the full length of the column must be ch

torsional buckling.

Md

= p*Zp*fbd

Mcr

2

2

2 0.5

= C1[( EIyh)/2(Kly) )](1+(1/20)[(Kly/ry)/(h/tf) ]

and C1 from table 42 of IS 800-2007 are

K

C1

=

=

H/tf

Mcr

LT

0.5

= (p*Zpz*fy/Mcr)

LT

For rolled steel sections

Reduction factor for lateral torsional buckling

XLT

25

LT

2

= 0.5(1+LT(LT-0.2)+LT )

XLT

Md

= (1/(LT+(LT2-LT2)0.5)

= XLT*p*Zpz*fy/mo

M/Md

Member Buckling Resistance in Combined bending and axial compression & Determination of moment amplific

per Cl. 9.3.2.2 of IS 800-2007)

for buckling about the y axis

(P/Pdy)+(KyCmyMy/Mdy)+(KLTMz/Mdz)

biaxial bending shall satisfy the Interaction relationships

given as

&

(P/Pdz)+(0.6KyCmyMy/Mdy

ny

for buckling about the z axis

nz

Ky

= P/Pdy

= P/Pdz

= 1+(y-0.2)P/Pdy

< 1+0.8P/Pdy

Ratio of Moments at bottom & top about yy axis

Kz

= 1+(z-0.2)P/Pdz

< 1+0.8P/Pdz

KLT

= 1-(0.1LT ny)/(Cmlt-0.25)

> 1-(0.1ny)/(Cmlt-0.25)

C

Equivalent uniform moment factors obtained from Table my

18 of IS 800-2007 which depends on the shape of the

bending moment diagram between lateral bracing points

in the appropriate plane of bending

Cmz

Hence, the value is

buckling as per Table 18 of IS 800-2007 corresponding to

the actual moment gradient between lateral suports

against torsional deformation in the critical region under C

mlt

consideration

(P/Pdy)+(KyCmyMy/Mdy)+(KLTMz/Mdz)<1.0

(P/Pdz)+(0.6KyCmyMy/Mdy)+(KzCmzMz/Mdz)<1.0

=

=

ND MOMENT

4m

2500 KN

1

2500 KN

100 KN.M

0 KN.M

350 KN.M

-350 KN.M

100 KN.M

0 KN.M

350 KN.M

-350 KN.M

250 N/mm2

fe 410

317 mm

158.5 mm

348 mm

35.6 mm

22.1 mm

246.8 mm

595600000 mm4

189300000 mm4

15 mm

143.6 mm

81 mm

3423000 mm3

1194000 mm3

3948812.256 mm3

1822502.172 mm3

28880 mm2

200000 N/mm2

0.3

76923.07692308 N/mm2

1.1

1

4.452 < 9.4

11.167 < 42

1.00

6563.64 KN

2500 KN

897.46 KN.M

350 KN.M

Hence, OK

414.21 KN.M

100 KN.M

Hence, OK

axis. Hence, the section is OK.

175 KN

7690.8 mm2

1009.16 KN

175 KN

Hence OK

25 KN.M

22570.4 mm2

2961.60 KN.M

25 KN.M

Hence OK

11.17 <67

616.75 KN.M

350.00 KN.M

0.381 >0.2

392.40 KN.M

100.00 KN.M

lright

3.1.1 of IS 800-2007)

1.904 >1.0

2

0.396 <1.0

Hence, OK

2.6 m

4.0 m

6026.17 N/mm2

0.2037

810.08 N/mm2

0.5555

1.10 <2

35.60 <100 mm

ve 'c'

0.34

0.49

0.5214

0.9987

6555.08 KN

2500 KN

Hence, OK

0.7414

0.8114

5325.87 KN

2500 KN

the column must be checked for lateral

1/20)[(Kly/ry)/(h/tf)2]0.5

-1

1

2.752

9.775

16884.83 KN.M

0.2418

0.21

0.5336

0.9908

889.17 KN.M

0.3936 <1.00

Hence, OK

(KyCmyMy/Mdy)+(KLTMz/Mdz)<1.0

&

6KyCmyMy/Mdy)+(KzCmzMz/Mdz)<1.0

0.4694

0.3814

1.1669

1.3755

1.0014

1.3051

0.9243

0.6871

-1

0

0.6 >0.4

0.2 <0.4

0.4

0.4

0.9989 <1.0

0.6390 <1.0

affects.

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