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S E R I E S

ISSN 1727-9917

studies and
PERSPECTIves

eclac subregional
headquarters
for the caribbean

An assessment of mechanisms to
improve energy efficiency in the
transport sector in Grenada,
Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent
and the Grenadines
Elizabeth Emanuel
Charmaine Gomes



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ECLAC Studies and Perspectives Series The Caribbean No. 38

An assessment of mechanisms to improve

TABLE 3
SWOT ANALYSIS OF THE TRANSPORTATION SECTOR IN GRENADA, SAINT LUCIA AND SAINT
VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES WITH RESPECT TO ENERGY EFFICIENCY
AND FUEL DIVERSIFICATION
STRENGTHS

WEAKNESSES

Existence of National Energy Policy that includes


transportation goals
Presence of renewable energy sources
Comparatively small distances to be covered within
countries
Government taking a leading role in energy efficiency
Increasing collaboration among agencies with
responsibility for finance, energy, transportation, and
planning
Increasing collaboration between government and the
private sector

OPPORTUNITIES

Lack of transportation policy that focuses on energy


goals
Lack of spatial planning policies that link transport and
energy
Inefficient public transportation system
Lack of fiscal/tax incentives to use energy efficient
vehicles
Lack of standards for emissions and fuel efficiency
Inadequate data on transport and energy use
Inadequate capacity for research and validation of
products
Insufficient /limited technical expertise in transport
energy efficiency
Limited information on alternative vehicles e.g.
electric cars/hybrids
THREATS

High and fluctuating oil prices that provide an incentive


to invest in energy efficiency
Increasing regional cooperation
Internationally-funded regional projects on energy
efficiency
Increasing availability and affordability of energy
efficient solutions for the transportation sector
Increasing public awareness of importance of energy
efficiency
No-cost increases in efficiency through changes in
behaviour

Need for new infrastructure for alternative transport


fuels
Fuel subsidies that reduce incentive for energy
efficiency

Source: Authors compilation.

Furthermore, a quantitative assessment was undertaken using key transport and energy efficiency
indicators to assess each countrys movement towards a sustainable transport sector. This is presented
in the table 4.
An analysis of the three countries shows that the implementation of energy efficiency measures
remains a priority for all countries. All countries have recent energy policies (and Saint Vincent and the
Grenadines has an energy action plan) that address issues of energy efficiency and fuel diversification
in the transport sector. The development of these policies demonstrates the commitment by the
governments to achieving energy efficiency goals in all sectors of the economy. However, these
countries currently lack transport policies. It is important to develop national transport policies which
include issues related to energy efficiency, fuel diversification and also land use.
Financial incentives and public information both help to change behaviour towards increased
energy efficiency. In all the countries, while these exist in other areas of the economy (building,
lighting, heating), there is a dearth of these incentives in the transportation sector. In fact, certain
subsidies for some types of fuel are deterrents and mitigate against energy conservation and efficiency.

28

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38

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