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Contents

Introduction............2
What does art stand for? ..3
Art is a journey of self discovery..5
Is art subjective? .......7
Conclusion10
Bibliography.11

Introduction

I have chosen to write about art as quest because art, in all its various forms, is the single biggest
source of my ability to feel connected to the world. It's easy to feel alone within the narrow circle
of daily life. With rare exceptions I am surrounded mostly by people, things and activities that do
not feel like a part of me, and I am separate from them. I often feel that I view the world
differently and am solitary. The right book or music or photograph or anything else which
reaches me can change everything and show me that, whether I know it or not, there are other
eyes and voices and hearts that sing my song and tell my tales. Art can speak my truths and it is
often more human to me than humanity is. Finally, Ive learned that its impossible to separate
the artist from the art, and for that reason, I love getting to know the artists. I love reading about
the great artists, but, even more, I love meeting living artists and seeing what they are doing. I
love talking to them about their lives and work. I like to think that by doing so, Im seeing art
history take shape, and maybe, I even get to be a small part of it.
In the first chapter What does art stand for? I have talked about the purpouse of art in our
life and what it means to us. I have explained whyart is language to me: it is the language of
human greatness, both good and bad. Why it allows us to 'speak' of that which we aspire to. It
raises us from the ordinary into excellence. It liberates us from our systematic lives into the
fullness of being human. I have talked about it as a gift. It is reality seen, but not lived, yet
brought to offer as life.
The second chapter Art is a journey of self discovery shows that art is the unique work of a
human being, work that touches another. It is who we are and what we do and what we need. The
chapter despicts that art isnt a result; its a journey. The challenge of our time is to find a journey
worthy of your heart and your soul.
You will
understand whycreating art is a habit, one that we practice daily or hourly until we get good at it.
Art isnt about the rush of victory that comes from being picked. Nor does it involve compliance.
Art in the post-industrial age is a lifelong habit, a stepwise process that incrementally allows us
to create more art.

Last but not least Is art subjective? illustrates the subjectivity of art in the perspective of
ordinary people as opposed to those who study it. Most people buy art they can connect with in
some way, due to a lifetime of personal experience. That is why art is subjective, our own
personal experiences are perceived in different ways.
As with any question about art, there is a distinction, which many people seem to overlook,
between the established institutions of "art" and art in its purest sense, which is an artifact or an
act of expression. Art can be judged in two ways: by the technical skill which was required to
create the art, and by the emotion that one feels when viewing, experiencing the art.

What does art stand for?


This question pops up often, and with many answers. Many argue that art cannot be defined.
Art is even proven to galvanize certain parts of our brains to make us giggle, cry, and all
emotions in between. What is art? Art is defined as the expression and application of ones
creativity, typically in the form of something visual.
We could go about this in several ways. Art is often considered the process or product of
deliberately arranging elements in a way that appeals to the senses or emotions.

Art is even proven to galvanize certain parts of our brains to make us giggle, cry, and all
emotions in between. What is art? Art is defined as the expression and application of ones
creativity, typically in the form of something visual.

It encompasses a diverse range of human activities, creations and ways of expression, including
music, literature, film, sculpture and paintings. The meaning of art is explored in a branch of
philosophy known as aesthetics. At least, thats what Wikipedia claims.

Art is generally understood as any activity or product done by people with a communicative or
aesthetic purposesomething that expresses an idea, an emotion or, more generally, a world
view.
It is a component of culture, reflecting economic and social substrates in its design. It transmits
ideas and values inherent in every culture across space and time. Its role changes through time,
acquiring more of an aesthetic component here and a socio-educational function there.
The definition of art is open, subjective, debatable. There is no agreement among historians and
artists, which is why were left with so many definitions of art. The concept itself has
changed over centuries.

I think in order to fully understand the definition of art, one must picture what life would be like
without art. The definition of art is in the eyes of the beholder. Many dig far too deep into the
ambiguity of the actually definition of art itself that they forget to appreciate the significance of
art in their lives. Consider the impact of life without your favorite pictures hanging above your
bed; the cute little ceramic cow saltshakers on your kitchen table; your favorite computer game
without graphics; that graffiti on the side of the bridge that you had grown so fond of; the song
that you religiously replay on your iPod.
Art is even proven to galvanize certain parts of our brains to make us giggle, cry, and all
emotions in between. What is art? Art is defined as the expression and application of ones
creativity, typically in the form of something visual.

The very notion of art continues today to stir controversy, being so open to multiple
interpretations. It can be taken simply to mean any human activity, or any set of rules needed to
develop an activity. This would generalize the concept beyond what is normally understood as
the fine arts, now broadened to encompass academic areas. The word has many other colloquial
uses, too.

Maybe it is merely a sign of the times- that what art those who dwelled during the time of the
Renaissance once deemed scandalous, we are very much tolerant and appreciative of now. If it
were not for those humanists who created this art we look back at now, art would not have
evolved into what it is now- the shoes you are wearing would have never been designed; the
table your computer is resting on would have never been created; all the things we come across
in our everyday lives would simply not have been created.

In 1404, Donatello, an Italian Renaissance artist created a sculpture called The Androgynous
David, meaning his sculpture represented characteristics of both male and female genders.
David is a biblical figure, and Donatello portrayed him during adolescence- a time for many in
which is often confusing. Many people during the Renaissance thought that Donatello portrayed
David in a poor, scandalous way; thus, his sculpture was only displayed in very private viewing.
Many even argued that The Androgynous David was not even art.
Lev Tolstoy said that in order to correctly define art, it is necessary, first of all, to cease to
consider it as a means to pleasure and to consider it as one of the conditions of human life.
Viewing it in this way we cannot fail to observe that art is one of the means of intercourse
between man and man.
Every work of art causes the receiver to enter into a certain kind of relationship both with him
who produced, or is producing, the art, and with all those who, simultaneously, previously, or
subsequently, receive the same artistic impression.
Speech, transmitting the thoughts and experiences of men, serves as a means of union among
them, and art acts in a similar manner. The peculiarity of this latter means of intercourse,
distinguishing it from intercourse by means of words, consists in this, that whereas by words a
man transmits his thoughts to another, by means of art he transmits his feelings.
The activity of art is based on the fact that a man, receiving through his sense of hearing or sight
another mans expression of feeling, is capable of experiencing the emotion which moved the
man who expressed it. To take the simplest example; one man laughs, and another who hears
becomes merry; or a man weeps, and another who hears feels sorrow. A man is excited or
irritated, and another man seeing him comes to a similar state of mind. By his movements or by
the sounds of his voice, a man expresses courage and determination or sadness and calmness,
and this state of mind passes on to others. A man suffers, expressing his sufferings by groans and
spasms, and this suffering transmits itself to other people; a man expresses his feeling of
admiration, devotion, fear, respect, or love to certain objects, persons, or phenomena, and others
are infected by the same feelings of admiration, devotion, fear, respect, or love to the same
objects, persons, and phenomena.
Art is a journey of self discovery
Art is a vital part of society. Without it, how would we survive as a race? Humanity demands to
express itself and establish what its own cultural identities in tale. Being exposed to art helps
people, especially as children, grow in their abilities to decipher symbolism as well as to gain the
empathetic knowledge needed to communicate and correlate with the rest of society.

For me, a sound engineer, art provides a refuge from the harsh face history has turned on us. But
thats not saying much: artists will always make art for themselves and each other, even if times
are bad.
Studying and part taking in art is like learning another language; and by doing so, the
connectivity within a childs brain grows, leading to better understanding (or higher intelligence).
If art was eradicated from human history, humanity would know nearly nothing about its rise to
its current stand point; no one would be able to understand the lives of our ancestors without art.
From poetry to sculptures to music and dance, humans of the past and present give themselves
the ability to express who they are and where they come from. Imagine a world without music.
Imagine a world without dance.
That is a world where our youth stop learning about art. It should be understood that art is more
than a teaching mechanism, it is a language of freedom. I believe in self-expression. For me, selfexpression can mean any number of things; whether it is creating art, playing sports, writing, or
even collecting stamps. I believe it is important, because when people find ways to open their
minds to others, we as human beings are able to distinguish ourselves from one another. And at
the same time we also find the people we fit in with the most. In a sense, self-expression
becomes an intuitive path that guides us through life.
Far more important is that doing art is a way to touch others, to reinforce bonds of community
perhaps to create beauty that gives a few people a rest from their problems, or the energy to keep
working to improve their own or others lives. Art can be a commitment to values that do not
depend on a secure world. An example would be the Italian Renaissance, a terrible period
politically, when mercenary armies roamed Italy, ruling families poisoned each other, and
plagues struck repeatedlybut also an age when extraordinary artistic creativity flourished. The
Renaissance is a reminder that living a decent life is not entirely dependent on living in decent
times: a reminder that the terrors of our time need not be totally consuming, that we can live with
a connection to other eras and other people who sought meaning and beauty in the midst of
turmoil and fear.
Art is a perpetually self-renewing source of energy: that is the best definition of art, as opposed
to decoration or illustration, that I have ever found. We need that source of energy as we face this
challenging political and economic world. And that need goes far beyond the visual arts;
different people find energy in different places, so we need poetry, drama, music, architecture,
dance, film, literature, just as much as painting. Art is a journey to be had; something to be
experienced and learned from fully. As the quote implies, there will be periods of uncertainty,
stagnancy, and the only way to get there is by toiling away. Remember what drove your soul to
create and why you chose to dedicate your life to this. Art heals and reveals; is the purveyor of
harsh realities, exhibitor of hidden strife and the proprietor of passion for life.

Making art and seeking to create beauty are acts of faith in the future, in the survival of the
values of humanismfaith that we will get through the threats facing us, the crumbling of the
economic and political world weve known, the dying forests and rising seas due to climate
change. Art demands recognition that human lives matter, that chaos can be transmuted into
beauty and courage.We make art,we turn to art as a source of the energy we need in good times
and bad because were human, and art is one of the essential things we do to be human.
You can't get there by bus, only by hard work, risking, and by not quite knowing what you're
doing. What you'll discover will be wonderful: yourself. - Alan Alda
Yes, I thought -- and this Art is the one form of human energy in the whole world, which really
works for union, and destroys the barriers between man and man. It is the continual, unconscious
replacement, however fleeting, of oneself by another; the real cement of human life; the
everlasting refreshment and renewal. And to be stolen away from ourselves by Art is a
momentary relaxation from that itching, a minute's profound, and as it were secret,
enfranchisement. The active amusements and relaxations of life can only rest certain of our
faculties, by indulging others; the whole self is never rested save through that unconsciousness of
self, which comes through rapt contemplation of nature or of art.
And suddenly I remembered that some believe that Art does not produce unconsciousness of self,
but rather very vivid self-realisation. That is not the first and instant effect of Art; the new
impetus is the after effect of that momentary replacement of oneself by the self of the work
before us; it is surely the result of that brief span of enlargement, enfranchisement, and rest.
Art is the desire of a man to express himself, to record the reactions of his personality to the
world he lives in, said by Amy Lowell; a nineteenth century poet. Art is all around us, and
impacts every aspect of who we are. Art is anything from Eminem, to Beethoven, the Mona Lisa,
to graffiti. Art has been a part of mankind before we could even speak; charcoal paintings in cave
walls and design covered pottery have shown us this.
Art is a critical part of humanity. Artists Jeroen Koolhaas and Dre Urhahn tell us an amazing
story of Vila Cruzeiro in Rio, a community of violence and poverty. Koolhaas and Urbahn got
the idea to transform Vila Cruzeiro into a great big piece of art. They re-painted buildings, and
turned a concrete path for mudslides into a detailed painting of carp jumping in a river. People
heard about the transformation and impact art made on this community. From North Philly,
which is one of the poorest neighborhoods in the United States, a request was sent asking if they
could repaint their community like they had done in Rio. Community volunteers, were trained
as painters, and together they transformed their own neighborhood into a giant patchwork of
color. Through community involvement of transforming their neighborhood through art, it not
only created unity for the project, it painted a bridge of understanding and cooperation that still
exists today. The art project brought the community closer together than ever imagined.

Is art subjective?

I grew up believing that taste is just a matter of personal preference. Each person has things they
like, but no one's preferences are any better than anyone else's. There is no such thing
as good taste.
Like a lot of things I grew up believing, this turns out to be false, and I'm going to try to explain
why.
One problem with saying there's no such thing as good taste is that it also means there's no such
thing as good art. If there were good art, then people who liked it would have better taste than
people who didn't. So if you discard taste, you also have to discard the idea of art being good,
and artists being good at making it. When you're trying to make things, taste becomes a practical
matter. You have to decide what to do next. Would it make the painting better if I changed that
part? If there's no such thing as better, it doesn't matter what you do. In fact, it doesn't matter if
you paint at all. You could just go out and buy a ready-made blank canvas. If there's no such
thing as good, that would be just as great an achievement as the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
Less laborious, certainly, but if you can achieve the same level of performance with less effort,
surely that's more impressive, not less.
John Dewey distinguishes between experience in general and "an" experience. Experience occurs
continually, as we are always involved in the process of living, but it is often interrupted and
inchoate, with conflict and resistance. Much of the time we are not concerned with the
connection of events but instead there is a loose succession, and this is non-aesthetic.
Experience, however, is not an experience.
Yet that doesn't seem quite right, does it?
I think the key to this puzzle is to remember that art has an audience. Art has a purpose, which is
to interest its audience. Good art (like good anything) is art that achieves its purpose particularly
well. The meaning of "interest" can vary. Some works of art are meant to shock, and others to
please; some are meant to jump out at you, and others to sit quietly in the background. But all art
has to work on an audience, andhere's the critical pointmembers of the audience share
things in common.
One reason it's easy to believe that taste is merely personal preference is that, if it isn't, how do
you pick out the people with better taste? There are billions of people, each with their own
opinion; on what grounds can you prefer one to another?
But if audiences have a lot in common, you're not in a position of having to choose one out of a
random set of individual biases, because the set isn't random. And so having a notion of good art,
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in the sense of art that does its job well, doesn't require you to pick out a few individuals and
label their opinions as correct. No matter who you pick, they'll find faces engaging.
Dostoyevsky's novels are three-quarters philosophical. The same applies to the works of Goethe,
for example, for whom feeling and a philosophical understanding of nature, expressed in both
artistic form and scientific analysis, were his life's work. The scientific, philosophical and artistic
approaches were organic in Goethe. His work as a thinker is inseparable from that of the artist.
When composing his works of art, he is at the same time a philosopher. He achieves the greatest
aesthetic power in those very works (Prometheus and Faust) where the unity of artist and
philosopher is most organic. Can we distinguish clearly between the philosophical and aesthetic
principles in Faust? All that can be said is that no genius could have created such a work without
a synthesis of the philosophical, aesthetic and the scientific.
So could we figure out what the best art is by taking a vote? After all, if appealing to humans is
the test, we should be able to just ask them, right? Well, not quite. For products of nature that
might work. I'd be willing to eat the apple the world's population had voted most delicious, and
I'd probably be willing to visit the beach they voted most beautiful, but having to look at the
painting they voted the best would be a crapshoot.
Philosophy uses generalisations and its generalisations are of an extremely broad, virtually
universal character. Its categories of the general, the particular and the unique are both
interconnected and yet separate concepts. In art, on the other hand, the general, the particular and
the unique are alloyed in the very fabric of the artistic image. Philosophy is theoretical from
beginning to end, whereas art is sensuous and imaginal. Philosophical thought reflects its
subject-matter in concepts, in categories; art is characterised, on the other hand, by emotional
and imaginal reflection and by transformation of reality. This is not to say, of course, that art,
particularly in its verbal form, in belles lettres, and even more so in the intellectual type of novel,
contains no concepts.
An experience occurs when a work is finished in a satisfactory way, a problem solved, a game is
played through, a conversation is rounded out, and fulfillment and consummation conclude the
experience. In an experience, every successive part flows freely. An experience has a unity and
episodes fuse into a unity, as in a work of art. The experience may have been something of great
or just slight importance.
Such an experience has its own individualizing quality. An experience is individual and singular;
each has its own beginning and end, its own plot, and its own singular quality that pervades the
entire experience. The final import is intellectual, but the occurrence is emotional as well.
Aesthetic experience cannot be sharply marked off from other experiences, but in an aesthetic
experience, structure may be immediately felt and recognized, there is completeness and unity
and necessarily emotion. Emotion is the moving and cementing force.

Another much less subtle influence is brand. If you go to see the Mona Lisa, you'll probably be
disappointed, because it's hidden behind a thick glass wall and surrounded by a frenzied crowd
taking pictures of themselves in front of it. At best you can see it the way you see a friend across
the room at a crowded party. The Louvre might as well replace it with copy; no one would be
able to tell. And yet the Mona Lisa is a small, dark painting. If you found people who'd never
seen an image of it and sent them to a museum in which it was hanging among other paintings
with a tag labelling it as a portrait by an unknown fifteenth century artist, most would walk by
without giving it a second look.
For the average person, brand dominates all other factors in the judgement of art. Seeing a
painting they recognize from reproductions is so overwhelming that their response to it as a
painting is drowned out.
Without a certain degree of intellect there can be no subtle feelings and from this it follows that
art, which aesthetically expresses man's emotional-intellectual world in his relationship to the
environment, is bound to feel the impact of philosophy and the other sciences. A world-view may
come into art but not as an intrinsic part of it.
We can speak of the philosophical content of art, just as we can speak of the philosophical
content of science, when the scientist begins to consider the essential nature of his science, its
moral value, social responsibility, and so on. These are actually philosophical questions and they
do not form part of the specific nature of the given science. Rather they are the self-awareness of
the science, just as the artist's reflections on the nature of art, its social meaning, and so on, are
the self-awareness of art. And this is in fact philosophy, whose categories permeate all forms of
thought, including that of the artist. Without them no artist could generalise, identify the typical
in the particular fact, assess the quality of his subject-matter, preserve proportion, the most vital
element in aesthetic imagination, or comprehend the contradictions of life in such a way as to
give them full expression.
What happens in practice is that everyone gets really good at talking about art. As the art itself
gets more random, the effort that would have gone into the work goes instead into the intellectual
sounding theory behind it.
Incidentally, I'm not saying that good art is just the fifteenth century European art. I'm not saying
we should make what they made, but that we should work like they worked. There are fields now
in which many people work with the same energy and honesty that fifteenth century artists did,
but art is not one of them.
I don't have any illusions that being able to talk about art being good or bad will cause the people
who talk about it to have anything more useful to say. Indeed, one of the reasons "taste is
subjective" found such a receptive audience is that, historically, the things people have said about
good taste have generally been such nonsense.
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Conclusion
There had been difficulties defining art, but as it was defined in general, it is the product of
creative human activity in which materials are shaped or selected to convey an idea, emotion, or
visually interesting form. Art cant easily be defined as simple as any ordinary object because it
implies value..monetary, social and intellectual. And it is also ever-changing and growing
making it harder and almost impossible to have a constant clear definition.
As it was said, when people ask, What is art? or state that something is not art, they usually
are not seeking a philosophical definition but are instead expressing an opinion that a painting is
not realistic enough, that it is offensive, or that it does not use traditional materials. This also
shows that people not only make art, but also choose which objects should be called art.
The potential for creativity the act of making something new lives in each of us. Most of us act
less and less upon this potential with each passing year. Our own creativity becomes a memory,
something we outgrow or lose along the way. If children grow up believing they are creative,
they will have a better chance of finding constructive outlets for creative energy in later years. A
childs creativity will not be just a memory; it will be a valuable, personal resource to use every
day.
Make judgments, but get specific..that is one of the rules of art. You cant say something isnt an
art just because you want to say so; you have to give good reasons. Originality, individual
expression, something to contemplate rather than use these are some of the qualities that are
commonly associated with art. But as we all know, most of the works of arts are famous and
considered work of art today because of some powerful bodies just like the church and
government who considered it such, instilling in every peoples mind that it is indeed a work of
art without further questions. You got to see that art in all its forms could display power. Aside
from power, art displays wealth and prestige in a sense that a work of art is almost priceless.
Priceless that it could give extreme emotion to the one who owns it or the one who get to see or
hear it.
Art, like most human beings, is temperamental; it is no secret that artists, poets and musicians
work when they get the requisite inspiration. Dictation and imposition of authority are what art
and artists firmly resent. In this sense art is an intense form of individualism. Even so, art should
never seek popularity; on the contrary the people should try to value art and make themselves
artistic as far as they can.
Art is life, not something to be placed in a shrine and substituted for life. Actually, art is an effort
to create, besides the real world, a more human entity. Moreover, a true work of art is a shadow
of the divine perfection. Indeed, even those who regard art as an ideal and artists as idealists
cannot deny that art is a faithful mirror of the life and civilization of a period.

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Bibliography

"Art"-John Galsworthy (1867-1933).


Koolhass, Jeroen and Urhahn, Dre. How Painting Can Transform Communities. TED. Oct.
Tolstoy, Leo N. What is Art? Translated by Almyer Maude. Publisher New York : Funk &
Wagnalls
Expressionism, Realism, Impressionism and Symbolism movement -Wikipedia
Graduation Speech by Alan Alda-Connecticut College (1980)

Italian Renaissance - Wikipedia


Mona Lisa Wikipedia
Art as experience - John Dewey (1934) Publisher: Perigee

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