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United States Patent [191



Fuki et al.


Sept. 9, 1975



[75] Inventors: Ichiro Fuki; Shosaku Shimizu, both

of Tamano; Etsuji Yamamoto;
Masahiko Yoshida, both of lchihara,

[73] Assignees: Mitsui Shipbuilding and Engineering
Co., Ltd.; Mitsui Petrochemical
Industries Ltd., both of Tokyo,

[22] Filed:


P12 7.,12n,4 m413757259,3r2,Oy73 28725 m25 7/l.1M9 93r4




. 165/140X


.. 165/142 X

Assistant Examiner'lheophil W. Streule, Jr.

Attorney, Agent, or Firml-lowson and Howson

Mar. 1, 1974

[21] Appl. No.: 447,206


References Cited


Heat exchanger comprising a bundle of a plurality of
triple tubes each of which consists of heating ?uid

Foreign Application Prioriiy Data

Mar. 6, 1973


Passing tube and a heat transfer tube With a Closed end

at the position near the heating ?uid inlet end of the

heating ?uid passing tube, and an inner tube provided

in the heat transfer tube with an open end near the

closed end of the heating ?uid passing tube.

23/288 K, 288 L; 122/483

2 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures



This invention relates to a heat exchanger for use in

boilers and the like. In the conventional design of the

heat exchanger, the heat transfer tubes are secured at
one end or both ends to headers. When the heat ex

changer comprising heat transfer tubes secured at both

ends is operated under high temperature (for instance
350 to 600C), heat transfer tubes of the heat ex
changer are subjected to considerable thermal stress,
even if the tubes are spirally wound to absorb deforma~

tions due to thermal expansion.

Therefore, it is an object of this invention to provide

drum 20 and opens into the drum. The lower end of

each heat transfer tube 4 terminates near the lower end
of the gas passage tube 2 and is closed with the spheri
cal shape as shown in FIG. 3. The lower end of the
inner tube 3 terminates near the lower end of the heat

transfer tube 4 and is opened.

In operation, gas such as cracked gas is introduced
into the drum 1 through the inlet 31 and ascends the
spaces between the tubes 2 and 4 and exhausts from the
outlet 17 provided on the side of the gas outlet cham
ber 18. On the other hand, liquid to be heated is intro
duced into the box 21 in the separator drum 20 through

a heat exchanger which can remove the aforemen

the supply pipe 22 and descends in tubes 3 and ascends

tioned disadvantage. In accordance with this invention,

in the space between the tubes 3 and 4 after turning at

the bottom of the tube 4 and returns to the box 21.

the heat exchanger comprises a bundle of a number of

triple tubes, each of which consists of a heating ?uid
passing tube with both ends ?ared to form tube plates

Thus the liquid is recycled in the device. Steam gener

ated in the tubes 4 ascends in the tubes and the drum

and a double tube inserted therein which comprises an
20 and exhausts from the outlet 23.
outer heat transfer tube and an inner tube. Further, in
The heat exchanger shown in FIG. 4 may treat two
accordance with this invention thermal stress is not 20 kinds of heating ?uid which are different in properties
caused in the heat transfer tubes because the tubes are
such as boiling point from each other. The device has
secured only at one end. On the other hand, in order
two heat exchange parts 24 and 25 and an intermediate
to remove the fouling deposited on the heat transfer
outlet chamber 26 provided with an outlet 27. The gas
tubes, it is possible to superheat the tubes by operating
outlet 28 is provided with a branch nozzle 29 and a shut
the heat exchanger without cooling water, so that the 25 off valve 30. Corresponding parts to those of the device

fouling is burnt to be exhausted without removing the

shown in FIG. 1 and designated by the same numerical
heat transfer tubes from the drum.
references as in FIG. 1.
This invention will now be explained with reference
In the case that the whole device is usedfor cooling
to the accompanying drawings, in which:
the gas to a considerably lower temperature, the outlet
FIG. 1 is a vertical sectional view of a heat exchanger 30 27 is closed. In the case that if the gas to be treated is
in accordance with this invention;
over cooled by the whole device, there will be gener
FIG. 2 is an illustration as viewed from arrow AA
ated a condensation of material contained in the gas,
in FIG. 1;
the valve 30 is closed and a pressure gas such as steam
F IG. 3 is a sectional view taken along lines B-C-D in
is introduced from the branch nozzle 29 in order to pre
35 vent the gas to be treated from ascending throughthe
FIG. 2; and
FIG. 4 is a vertical section of another embodiment of
heat exchange part 24 so that the gas is exhausted from
this invention.
the outlet 27. Thus the heat transferring area is de
Referring to FIG. 1, a cylindrical drum generally des
creased and the temperature of exhaust gas is in~
ignated by numeral 1 is provided inside with a number
creased, whereby the gas of high boiling point material
of gas passage tubes 2 and double tubes inserted into
may be treated without deposition of the condensate on
said gas passage tubes respectively, each of said double
the heat transfer surface.
tubes comprising an inner tube 3 and an outer heat
It will be understood that the present invention may
transfer tube 4. The gas passage tubes 2 are made of
be embodied in the type of heat exchanger in which the
heat resisting steel and disposed in triangular arrange
tube bundle is provided in the horizontal position. Fur
ment. Both ends of each gas passages tube are ?ared in
ther, upper ends of tubes 3 and 4 may be connected to
the hexagonal shape as illustrated in FIG. 2. The upper
headers respectively, which headers are connected to
end of each gas passage tube is welded to the upper
a separator drum.
ends of adjacent gas passage tubes to form a tube plate,
From the foregoing, it will be understood that this in~
while the lower ends of the gas passage tubes are free
vention provides a heat exchanger in which heat trans
without welding to each other, but their ?ared ends act
fer tubes are not subjected to thermal stress, because
as a tube plate. The upper end of the so formed tube
thermal expansion of each tube is permitted at the free
bundle is welded to a ring 5 at the peripheral edge,
end thereof.
which in turn is welded to a drum mantle 6 to support
What is claimed is:
the gas passage tubes. The periphery of the lower end
1. A heat exchanger, comprising:
of the tube bundle is sealed by the gland 10. Inside of
a drum having a heating ?uid inlet and a heating ?uid
the drum mantle 6, an inner lining of insulating mate
rial 11 is provided. The lower end of the drum mantle
a plurality of heating ?uid passing tubes disposed par
6 is connected to a gas inlet cover 8 lined with an inner
allel to each other in said drum between said heat

lining 7 ofinsulating material by a pair of ?anges 9. The

upper end of the drum mantle 6 is connected to a gas

ing ?uid inlet and said heating ?uid outlet, each of

said heating ?uid passing tubes being open at both

outlet chamber 18, having an outlet 17, by a pair of

?anges 19. The separator drum 20 is provided with a
water supply box 21 and connected to the upper end of

at least one heat transfer tube in each of said heating

the drum 1. The upper end of each inner tube 3 is se

cured to_ the bottom of the water supply box 21 and
communicated therein. The upper end of each heat
transfer tube 4 is secured to the bottom of the separator

?uid passing tubes, that end of each of said heat
transfer tubes positioned nearer said heating ?uid

inlet being closed;

at least one inner tube disposed in each of said heat
transfer tubes and open at the end thereof nearer


tubes nearer said heating ?uid inlet free to expand

and contract with respect to said drum in response

said closed end of said heat transfer tube in which

it is disposed;

to temperature changes.
means for ?owing a liquid through said inner tubes
2. The heat exchanger of claim 1, in which the ?uid
and heat transfer tubes; vand
tube mounting means for mounting said tubes to said 5 inlet end of each of said heating ?uid passing tubes is
drum; said mounting means ?xedly securing said
?ared into a hexagonal cross section, each of said
heat transfer tubes, said heating ?uid passing tubes
?ared ends being positioned adjacent but spaced from
and said inner tubes to said drum at the ends

others of said ?ared ends.

thereof which are more remote from said heating


?uid inlet, while leaving the ends of each of said