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A.

General Rules for Storing Harmful Material


The storage of packaged hazardous chemicals may create serious risks, not only to
people working at the storage site, but also to the emergency services, the general public
offsite and the environment. These chemicals should be avoided from contact with heat,
acids, moisture and oxidising chemicals.

Harmful chemicals should be stored in ventilated storage


Because the harmful material can react with the other substances, which can
be dangerous to the body for example, it can cause the steam of hazardous substances,
the ventilation is very important in laboratorium or work place, so the steam can come

out and the substances is not inhaled directly.


Do not store in direct sunlight.
These Materials can change when exposed to direct sunlight, so that materials
should be kept in dark bottles and placed in a closed container. Why ? Because that
materials can evaporate so that if we have taken or pipette a substances then it should
be immediately closed container. And after that store the materials in a tightly closed

container.
Store in a tightly closed container.
Keep containers tightly closed when storing . This helps to avoid
contamination of the material or evaporation of solvents used, such as organic

peroxides, to safer concentrations.


Make sure containers are suitably labelled.
For harmful materials requiring temperature control, the recommended storage
temperature range should be plainly marked on the container. It is also a good practice

to mark the date that the container was received and the date it was first opened.
Store in a cool, dry, well ventilated area.
Keep all materials in a dry state and must be stored in a dry place. Store
material within the temperature range recommended by the chemical manufacturer.
Some dangerously reactive harmful materials start to decompose at temperatures only
a little above normal room temperatures. The decomposition can lead to an explosion
under some conditions. Because the harmful material can react with the other
substances, which can be dangerous to the body for example, it can cause the steam of
hazardous substances,

Store protected from light. Refrigeration has been recommended.


Ultraviolet (UV) greatly affects chemicals. Such as potassium permanganate solution,
when exposed to UV light will experience a reduction, so that will change the nature

of the solution. Therefore, to save a potassium permanganate solution is


recommended to use a brown bottle.
D. Specific Rules for Storing Harmful Material

AgNO3
o Store in a dark bottle
o Keep it away from flammable materials

Ethylene Glicol
o Keep away from sources of ignition
o Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area

Dichloromethane
o Keep container tightly closed.
Such materials should be kept cool but well above their freezing point, since a

substance such as acetic acid may freeze at a relatively high temperature, rupture its
container and then escape when the temperature rises again above its freezing point.

D. How to Handle Harmful Material

Harmful material do not be inhaled, do not swallow.

Because harmful material is dangerous for our body or our health, so the

material dont be inhaled and swallow.


Wash thoroughly after handling.
After we work in the laboratorium or work place, we have to wash throughly
after handling with eyewash or shower stations are readily available and are tested

regularly.
Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
Use with adequate ventilation.
Ventilation in the laboratory is very important, so the vapor or dirty air, smoke,
and toxic substances in the laboratory can come out and can avoid ingestion and

inhalation.
Keep container tightly closed.
Keep containers of oxidizers tightly closed, except when actually using the

material, to help avoid spillage or contamination of the container contents.


Check that all containers are properly labelled
And handle the containers so that the label remains undamaged and easy to

read.
Use the liquid material in fume hood
Use the liquid material in fume hood. The liquid material can produce smoke, toxic
substances, unpleasant smell and can be harmful to the surrounding environment so as
handlers for the liquid material or harmful materials must be in a fume hood that
substance out of the material can be directly inhaled by the chimney.

The main principle in handling of harmful materials is THINK BEFORE DOING


Before mixing, reacting or move a chemical needs to consider the possibility of what happens
as a result of these actions.