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CONSTRUCTION/ELECTRICAL

Qualification Title: ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION AND


MAINTENANCE
Unit of Competency: Install Electrical Protection System Lighting
And Grounding

Module Title: Installing Electrical Protection System Lighting And


Grounding
Technical Education & Skills Development Authority
INSTITUTE OF CONVERGENCE TECHNOLOGY
Buug, Zamboanga Sibugay

Plan
Training
Session

NATIONAL CERTIFIFCATE LEVEL II


QUALIFICATION LEVEL

COMPETENCY BASED LEARNING MATERIALS

NO.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Unit of Competency
Prepare electrical power
and hydraulic tools
Perform roughing-in
activities for
communication and
distribution systems

Install wiring devices for


floor and ground fault
current interrupting
outlets
Install electrical
protection system
lighting and grounding

Install electrical lighting


systems on auxiliary
outlets and lighting
fixtures

Module Title
Preparing electrical
power and
hydraulic tools
Performing
roughing-in
activities for
communication and
distribution
systems
Installing wiring
devices for floor
and ground fault
current
interrupting outlets
Installing
electrical
protection system
lighting and
grounding
Installing electrical
lighting systems on
auxiliary outlets
and lighting
fixtures

Code

CON724308

CON724309

CON724310

CON72431
1

CON724312

How to Use this Competency-Based Learning Material


Welcome to the module in installing electrical protection
system for lighting and grounding. This module contains training
materials and activities for you to complete.
The unit of competency Install electrical protection system
for lighting and grounding contains knowledge, skills and attitudes
required for Electrical Installation and Maintenance NC II. It is one
of the specialized modules at National Certificates Level (NC II).
You are required to go through a series of learning activities in
order to complete each learning outcome of the module. In each
learning outcome are Information Sheets and Resources Sheets
(Reference Materials for further reading to help you better understand
the required activities). Follow these activities on your own and answer
the self-check at the end of each learning outcome. You may remove a
blank answer sheet at the end of each module (or get one from your
facilitator/ trainer) to write your answers for each self-check. If you
have questions, dont hesitate to ask you facilitator for assistance.
Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)
You may already have some or most of the knowledge and skills
covered in this learners guide because of you have:
been working for some time
already completed training in this area
If you can demonstrate to your trainer that you are competent in
a particular skill or skills, talk to him/ her about having them
formally recognized so you dont have to do the same training

again. If you have a qualification or Certificate of Competency from


previous trainings, show it to your trainer. If the skills you acquired
are still current and relevant to the unit/s of competency they may
become part of the evidence you can present for RPL. If you are not
sure about the currency of your skills, discuss this with your
trainer.
At the end of this module is a Learners Diary. Use this diary to
record important dates, jobs undertaken and other workplace events
that will assist you in providing further details to your trainer or
assessor. A Record of Achievement is also provided for your trainer
to complete once you complete the module.
This module was prepared to help you achieve competency, in
Install electrical protection system for lighting and grounding.
This will be the source of information for you to acquire knowledge
and skills in this particular trade independently and at your own
pace, with minimum supervision or help from your trainer.

Talk to your trainer and agree on how you will both organize the
Training unit. Read through the module carefully. It is divided
into sections, which cover all the skills, and knowledge you need
to successfully complete this module.
Work through all the information and complete the activities in
section. Read information sheets and complete the self-check.
Suggested references are included to supplement the materials
provided in this module.
Most probably your trainer will also by your supervisor or
manager. He/ she is there to support you and show you the
correct way to do things.
Your trainer will tell you about the important things you need to
consider when you are completing activities and it is important
that you listen and take notes.
You will be given plenty of opportunity to ask questions and
practice on the job. Make sure you practice your new skills
during regular work shifts. This way you will improve both your
speed and memory and also your confidence.
Talk to more experience workmates and ask for their guidance.
Use the self-check questions at the end of each section to test
your own progress.
When you are ready, ask your trainer to watch you perform the
activities outline in this module.

As you work through the activities, ask for written feedback on


your progress. Your trainer keeps feedback/ pre-assessment
reports for this reason. When you have successfully completed
each element, ask your trainer to mark on the reports that you
are ready for institutional assessment.
When you have completed the institutional assessment, the
results of your assessment will be recorded in our competency
Achievement Record and Progress chart.

MODULE CONTENT
UNIT OF COMPETENCY:

MODULE TITLE
PROTECTION

INSTALL ELECTRICAL PROTECTION


SYSTEM
FOR
LIGHTING
AND
GROUNDING
:

INSTALLING

SYSTEM
GROUNDING

FOR

ELECTRICAL
LIGHTING

AND

MODULE DESCRIPTOR: This module covers the knowledge, skills


and
Proper attitude in installing electrical
protection
system. It deals with
installation of high/low voltage switch gear,
earth leakage circuit breaker, lighting
protection and grounding system.
NOMINAL DURATION

30 hours

LEARNING OUTCOME:
At the completion of this module the trainees/student must be
able to:
LO 1. Plan and prepare work
LO 2. Install electrical protection system
ASSESSMENT CRITERIA:
1. Instructions for the preparation of the work activity are
communicated and confirmed to ensure clear understanding
2. Tools, equipment and PPE needed to install electrical protection
system are identified, checked to ensure they work correctly as
intended and are safe to use in accordance with established
procedures
3. Materials needed for work are obtained in accordance with
established procedures
4. Electrical protections systems are installed according to the
latest edition of Philippine Electrical Code and National
Electrical Code.
5. Electrical protection system are installed according to the job
requirements

6. Tools/equipment and materials needed for the installation are


prepared in line with job requirements.
7. Safety procedures in installing electrical protection system are
strictly observed according OHS guidelines and procedures.

LEARNING OUTCOME SUMMARY

LO1. PLAN AND PREPARE WORK


CONTENT:
Planning and preparing work.
ASSESSMENT CRITERIA:
1. Instruction for the preparation of the work activity are
communicated and confirmed to ensure clear
understanding.
2. Tools, equipment and PPE needed to install electrical
protection system are identified, checked to ensure they
work correctly as intended and are safe to use in accordance
with established procedure.
3. Materials needed for work obtained in accordance with
established procedure.
CONDITIONS:
Student/trainees must be provided with the following:
Learning Materials

Learning elements

METHODOLOGIES:
Demonstration
Discussion

Practical exercise
Laboratory exercise
Film viewing
ASSESSMENT METHODS:
Demonstration
Direct observation and questioning

LEARNING EXPERIENCES
Learning Outcome #1: Plan and Prepare Work
Learning Activities
Special Instructions
1. Read information sheet
After reading information sheet 4.14.1-1
1, you can now answer self-check
4.1-1
2. Answer self-check 4.1-1 Compare answer with the answer
key. You are required to get all
answer correct. If not read the
information sheet again to answer
all question correct.
After all doing the activity of this
L.O., you now ready to proceed to
the next L.O., on installing
electrical protection system.

INFORMATION SHEET 4.1-1

Plan and prepare work in installing Electrical Protection


System for Lighting and Grounding
Objectives:
At the end of this session, the trainee should be able to know
the concept, principles and install electrical protection system needed
with the job requirements.
Before you begin installing electrical protection you should have
always obtains the technical drawing and be familiar of the items and
definition used. Follow always safety guidelines in installing electrical
protection system. After reading the technical drawing, it is important
to prepare the following:
A.
B.
C.
D.

Tools
Equipment
PPEs
Materials

Identifying equipment needed in installing electrical protection


system.

Driving tools - Drivers are used to drill,


insert and drive screws, nuts and bolts
into surfaces with mechanical and
manual force.

Cutting and griping tools -

Striking tools

Circuit breaker - is an automatically operated


electrical switch designed to protect an electrical
circuit from damage caused by overload or short
circuit.

Multi-tester - is an electronic measuring instrument


that combines several measurement functions in one
unit.

Test light - is a simple piece of electronic test


equipment used to determine the presence or
absence of an electric voltage in a piece of
equipment under test.

Pliers - area hand tool used to hold objects firmly, possibly developed
from tongs used to handle wires.

Clamp ammeter use to measure electrical current.

Personal Protective Equipment must be check to unsure they


work correctly as intended and safe to use.
Electrical Gloves

Safety Shoes

Hard hat

The following materials are commonly used as protection in the electrical


system
Fuse

Circuit Breaker

High/Low voltage switcher gear

Earth leakage circuit breaker

Grounding System
Grounding and ground fault
The Philippine Electrical Code PEC defines
Ground as Zero Voltage. The purpose of
grounding the circuit is to fix permanently
a zero voltage point in the system. The
grounded line of a circuit should not be
broken nor focused to maintain a solid and
interrupted connection to the ground. An
establishment
ground
automatically
becomes the reference for all voltage in
system.
Grounding Could be Accomplished by:
1. Connecting to a buried cold water main.
2. Connecting to a ground rod.
3. Connecting to a buried ground plate.

Reasons for Grounding the Circuit System


1. To prevent a sustained contact between the low voltage secondary line and
the high voltage primary line in case of insulation fire.
2. To prevent single grounds from being unnoticed or detected until a
secondary line.
3. To facilitate in locating the ground faults.
4. To protect against a short sudden rush of electric current in the circuit.
5. To establish a neutral at zero potential not to be interrupted by switches or
other devices.
6. To connect the service entrance to ground only at one point and to use
colored wires for easy identification.

EARTH GROUNDING
It is the responsibility of the installer to
connect all electronic irrigation equipment
for which he is responsible to earth ground
in accordance with Article 250 of the
National Electrical Code (NEC.) Grounding
components will include the items
described in the following paragraphs, at a
minimum.
Use grounding electrodes that are UL listed
or manufactured to meet the minimum
requirements of Article 250-52 of the 1999
NEC. At the very minimum, the grounding
circuit will include a copper clad steel
ground rod, a solid copper ground plate
and 100 pounds of PowerSet earth contact material, as defined below and per
the following detail.

BONDING
The above grounding circuit is referredto as "supplementary grounding" in the
NEC. And for safety reasons, the NEC
requires that all supplementary grounds
be "bonded" to each other and to the
service entrance ground (power source)
as shown below. This is also
"recommended practice" of IEEE
Standard 1100-1999. Note that this is
in addition to the equipment ground,
which is commonly referred-to as "the green wire." The Black, White and Green
wires must always be kept together in a trench/conduit/tray/etc.

SHIELDING

The bonding conductors are to be installed


in such a way so that they also act as
shielding conductors. This becomes a
network of solid bare copper wire over all
the main bundles of other wires and
cables.

The bare copper wire is to be installed as close to the surface as possible, yet
being sufficiently below the ground level as to prevent damage from maintenance
equipment such as aerators. And it must be placed above all other
valve/power/communication wires and cables, per detail, and installed in all
trenches as shown on the electrical plan drawings. It is not necessary to install
this conductor over short wire runs (less than 150 feet) away from the main wire
bundles. The conductor is laid in as straight a line as possible, and when
necessary to make bends, do so in a sweeping motion using the following detail
as a guideline.

Note: When connecting bare


copper wires to the ground lug
of electronic equipment, feed it
through a dedicated 1 "
plastic sweep ell to
automatically meet the
requirements of the sweep
bend" shown here.

The shield network is to be connected to the service entrance earth ground, to


all electronic equipment ground lugs, and all equipment supplementary
grounding electrodes. One such network is necessary for each power source. Do
not interconnect the equipment ground wires from different power source.

Parts of a Circuit Breaker

INSIDE A CIRCUIT BREAKER (WIKIPEDIA) THIS IS A EUROPEAN DIN MOUNT B


1.
Actuator lever used to manually trip and reset the circuit breaker. Also
indicates the status of the circuit breaker (On or Off/tripped). Most breakers
are designed so they can still trip even if the lever is held or locked in the on
position. This is sometimes referred to as free trip or positive trip
operation.
2.
Actuator mechanism forces the contacts together or apart.
3.
Contacts Allow current when touching and break the current when
moved apart.
4.
Terminals
5.
Bimetallic strip.
6.
Calibration screw allows the manufacturer to precisely adjust the trip
current of the device after assembly.
7.
Solenoid
8.
Arc divider/extinguisher
The assumption that the two halves of DP breakers can serve as SP breakers
proved to be very wrong. The double-pole breakers are NOT just two single
pole breakers physically joined. We found this out the hard way when we
had a total short in one of our circuits and the 20 amp breaker did not trip,
but instead melted a #12 AWG

We then tested the breakers on a test circuit. We found that only one side of our
double pole breaker provide short circuit protection. Its unknown which side
may provide over current protection. Presumably, breakers made to be used as
single-pole provide both protections in a single breaker, as do double-pole

breakers used as a unit.


We decided we were not so smart after all. Since we had a plug-in type of panel
box for which single-pole breakers are not available, we had no choice but to
wire our plug-in style panel box, as many local electricians do, using double-pole
breakers.
We took out the link we had installed connecting the two panel box bus bars and
bought new double-pole breakers. Now, one of the buses was hot, the other bus
was neutral. When a double pole breaker is installed, one pole of the breaker
protects the load wire and one the neutral wire for each branch circuit.
We used a specific GE double pole breaker which is sold and in almost universal
use here the TQL2415X or TQL2420X. Our electrical supply store only sells
GE brand breakers. I could not find these X-suffix breakers in the huge online
GE breaker directory, but did read elsewhere that the X designation is for
special purpose applications. The GE breakers sold here are 240/415 volt
rated. This must have been a huge overload, far beyond 20 amps.

Self-check 4.1-1
1. What a part of a panel boards/load center is to [provide protection of
components and personnel?
a. Dead front handles
b. Enclosure
c. Removable door
d. Gland plates
2. What a part of a panel boards/load center that allows the user to install
conduit and cables?
a. Bottom plates
b. Enclosure
c. Knockout punch
d. Knockout hole
3. What a part of a panel boards/load center that provides space for listing
which breaker provides service for each room are large appliance?
a. Front plates
b. Enclosure

c. Circuit breaker
d. Circuit directory
4. What are the function of fuses and circuit breakers in electrical circuits?
a. Serves as protection of conductors
b. Serves as protection of electrical loads and equipments
c. Serves as a current limiter to the circuit
d. All of the above
5. What element used in a thermal trip of a circuit breaker?
a. Metallic bend
b. Temperature
c. Bi-metallic
d. All of the above
Answer key 4.2-1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

D
D
D
D
D

LEARNING OUTCOME SUMMARY

LO2. INSTALL ELECTRICAL PROTECTION SYSTEM


CONTENTS:

PEC provisions and requirements on installing electrical


protection system

Procedures in installing electrical protection system

Safety procedures in installing electrical protection system

Safety switch fuse cut-out

High/Low Voltage Switch Gear-HLVSG

Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker-ELCB

Conventional atmospheric lighting protection

Grounding system
ASSESSMENT CRITERIA:
1. Electrical protection systems are installed according to the latest edition
of Philippine Electrical Code and National Electrical Code.

2. Electrical protection systems are installed according to the job


requirements.
3.Tools/equipment and materials needed for the installation are prepared in
line with job requirements.
4.Safety procedures in installing electrical protection systems are strictly
observed according to OHS guidelines and procedures.
CONDITIONS:
Students/trainees must be provided with the following:
Tools and Equipment
Equipment
o Linemans pliers
o Wiring booth/ Simulated
o Long nose pliers
workplace/wiring booth
o PPE
o Diagonal cutting pliers
o Set of screw driver
Learning Materials
o Claw hammer
o Learning elements
o Hacksaw
o Manuals
o Measuring tools
o Books and
o Reamer
o Philippine Electrical
o Ladder
Code/National Electrical
Code, Latest Edition

METHODOLOGIES:
Demonstration
Discussion
Practical exercises
Laboratory exercises
ASSESSMENT METHODS:
Demonstration
Direct observation and questioning

LEARNING EXPERIENCES
Learning Outcome #1: Install electrical protection system
Learning Activities
Special Instructions
1. Read information sheet 4.2- After reading information sheet 4.1-1,
1
you can now answer self-check 4.1-1
2. Answer self-check 4.2-2
Compare answer with the answer key.
You are required to get all answer
correct. If not read the information

3. Perform job sheet 4.2-1

4. Perform job sheet 4.2-2

sheet again to answer all question


correct.
Evaluate your own work using
performance criteria. Present your work
to your trainer for evaluation and
recording.
Evaluate your own work using
performance criteria. Present your work
to your trainer for evaluation and
recording.
After doing all the activity of this L.O.,
you are now ready to proceed to the
next module. Ask your trainer for the
assistance.

INFORMATION SHEET 4.2-1


Installing Electrical Protection system for lighting and
Grounding
Learning Objective: After reading the information sheet, the trainees
will be able to install electrical protection system in accordance with
the PEC and in line with the job requirements.

Fuse, Breaker and Panel Board


Fuse is defined as; an over all current protective device with a circuit
opening fusible element which opens (break) when there is an over
current in the circuit.

The fuse is a onetime protective device to e replaced after the fault is


cleared. It is the simplest and most common type of circuit protective
device used in most common house wiring installations. It is available
in hundred design ratings and shapes but basically, the same in
functions.
Generally, fuse consist of a link or write that easily melt at low
temperature classified into two types:
1. The cartridge type which is enclosed in an insulting fiber tube
and
2. The plug fuse type enclosed in a porcelain cap.

TABLE 3-3 FUSE RATING AND CONSTRUCTION


Current Ratings
Remarks
0 to 10
Plug fuse construction mas. 150 v.
15, 20, 25 to 30
To ground
0 to 10
Cartridge type with ferrules single
35, 40, 45, 50 to 60
and dual element 250 and 600 volts
70, 80, 90, 100, 110, 125, 150, 175,
Cartridge type, knife blade contacts:
200, 225, 250, 300, 350, 400, 450,
250 and 600 volts

500, 600
800, 1000, 1200, 1600, 2000, 2500,
3000,4000,5000, 6000

Cartridge type bolted knife blade


contacts; 600 volts

Circuit Breaker
The circuit breaker is an over-current protective device
designed to function as a switch. Basically, a circuit breaker is
equipped with an automatic tripping device to protect the branch
circuit from overload and ground fault. Circuit breaker can be
manually tripped, so that, in many cases, it also acts as circuit
switch.

Trip or Tripping refers to the cutting-off or disconnection of the


current supply.

Advantages of Circuit Breaker over the Fuse


1. The circuit
switch aside
over current

breaker act as
from its being an
protective device.

2. Unlike the fuse


that has to be
discarded after
it was busted due
to
an over
current flow, the
circuit breaker trips off automatically and after correcting
the fault, it is again readily available for switch on.
3. Circuit breaker can be multiple pole installed with 1, 2, or
3pole which will simultaneously protect and switch once to
three lines. The fuse on the other hand, is a single pole,
installed on a single wire that could only protect a single
electric line.
4. The circuit
easier to detect.
tripped, or open

breaker position is
It could be closed,
right at the

handle. On the contrary, the busted fuse could not be


detected easily because the melted fusible element is inside
the fuse casing.
5. The circuit breaker can be manually tripped so that in many
cases, it also acts as the circuit switch.

Advantages of the Fuse over the Circuit Breaker


Despite the
circuit
the later has
over the
enumerated

advantages of the
breaker over the fuse,
also some advantages
circuit breaker
as follows:

1. One
major advantage of the
fuse
over the circuit
breaker
is its reliability and
stability. The fuse can stay on its position for ears and act when
called on to act as designed.
2. To cost of the fuse is very much lower compared to that of the
circuit breaker.
3. Circuit breakers has several moving parts which requires
maintenance and periodic testing to be in good condition at all
time.
TABLE 3-4 TYPICAL
CHARACTERISTICS
Frame Size
Amperes *
50
100
225
400/600
800/1200
600

MOLDED

CASE

Trip Setting (Amp)


15
50
15
50
70
150
125
225
250
500
250
500
600
400
1200

20
20
70
90
175
150
300
300

30

40

30
40
90
100
100 125
200 225
175
200
350
350

800 1000
600 800
1600

400
400
1200
1000

CIRCUIT

BREAKER

Voltage

Remarks

240
240
600
600

1-3 poles
1-3 poles

600
600
600

1-3 poles

600

2-3 poles
3 poles

1-3 poles

1-3 poles

Maximum cord and plug connected load to receptacle


Circuit rating
Receptacle rating
Maximum load
(Amperes)
(Amperes)
(Amperes)
15 or 20
15
12
20
20
16
30
30
24
Permissible load
In no case shall the load exceed the branch circuit ampere rating.
An individual branch circuit shall be permitted to supply any load for
which it is rated. A branch circuit supplying two or more outlets or
receptacles shall supply only the load specified according to its size
and specified below:
a. 15 and 20 Ampere Branch circuit. A 15 and 20 Ampere branch
circuit shall be permitted to supply lighting units or other utilization
equipment, or a combination of both, and shall comply with:
1. Cord and plug connected equipment not fastened in place. The
rating of any one cord and plug connected utilization equipment not
fastened in place shall not exceed 80% of the branch circuit ampere
rating.
2. Utilization Equipment Fastened in Place. The total rating of
utilization equipment in place, other than luminaries (Lighting
Fixtures), shall not exceed to 50% of the branch circuit ampere rating
where lighting units, cord and plug connected utilization equipment
not fastened in place or both, are also supplied.
b. 30 Ampere Branch circuit. A 30 ampere branch circuit shall be
permitted to supply fixed lighting units with heavy-duty lamp holders
in other than a dwelling unit(s) or utilization equipment in any
occupancy. A rating of any one cord and plug connected utilization
equipment shall not exceed 80% of the branch circuit ampere rating.
c. 40 and 50 ampere Branch Circuit. A 40 and 50 ampere branch
circuit shall be permitted to supply cooking appliances that are
fastened in place in any occupancy. In other than dwelling units, such
circuit shall be permitted to supply fixed lighting units with heavyduty lamp holders, infrared heating units, or other utilization
equipment.
d. Branch circuit Larger than 50 ampere. Branch circuit larger than
50 ampere shall supply only non-lighting outlet load.
Circuit rating

Size of wire

Maximum load

(Ampere)
15
20
30
Classifications/types of circuit
method

(mm2)
(Amperes)
2
2.0mm
12
2
3.5mm
16
2
5.5mm
24
breakers according to mounting

1. Din Rail type mounted circuit breakers


With this method, a mounting rail is secured to the enclosure and the
breaker is snapped onto the mounting rail. This allows replacement to
be done quickly as the device can be unclipped and new one clipped
on to the DIN rail. Conductors for the supply and load are typically
secured to the breaker using pressure connectors that are tightened
by some type of threaded fastener. The letters DIN stands for German
Industry Standards. DIN rails are available in more than one physical
size. The DIN rail mounting method is increasing replacing thru-bolt,
foot, and plate mounting methods once more commonly used.
2. Bolted type circuit breakers. When a longer service life breaker is
wanted, a bolted type is typically used. These types have a metal tab
(one for each phase) sticking out from one end that is bolted to the
bus bar with a machine screw (bolt type fine threads and not sheet
metal screw type steep pitch threads). When replacing these types of
breakers, the retaining bolts or machine screw will have power on
them unless power to the entire panel board has been removed.
3. Plug in type circuit breaker.

Principle and operation of a Circuit Breaker

Often the most intimidating part of electrical work, installation of


a circuit breaker into most residential type electrical panels does not
have to be dangerous. Here are some simple, step by step procedures
to do it safely.
Step in installing a circuit breaker:
Step 1. Turn off power supply to the electrical panel

Turn off power supply to the electrical panel. Locate


the Service Disconnect or Main circuit breaker in the panel, and
set to the "Off" position. This circuit breaker is likely to be the
largest value and located either at the top or bottom of the
panel.
Step 2. Inspect the circuit breaker arrangement for unused
locations.

Inspect the circuit breaker arrangement for unused


locations. Pay
particular attention to unused spaces at the
top and bottom of the cover. Some manufacturers of electrical
panels have removable knock outs or plates at these locations,
but the panel itself lacks provisions to mount a circuit breaker.

Step 3. Remove the electrical panel cover.

Remove the electrical panel cover. Remove fasteners while a


helper supports the cover, then pull straight away from the
panel.
Step 4. Test the panel for power.

Test the panel for power. Use a tester or meter set to the highest
AC
voltage range (120 Volts minimum) available, and check for
the presence of power by touching one probe to ground or neutral
(the bar that has bare or green and white wires connected - or the
bar that has just white or just bare or green wires connected).

Step 5. Locate an unused space above, below or between existing


circuit breakers.

Locate an unused space above, below or between existing


circuit breakers. A single pole or single width circuit breaker
will provide a a single 120 volt circuit (or in the case of a
"tandem breaker" or "half width breaker" it will provide two 120
volt circuits - not a 240 volt circuit), while a double pole or
double width circuit breaker will provide a 208 or 240 volt
circuit.
Step 6. Select the correct circuit breaker.

Select the correct circuit breaker. The panel label will list all
approved circuit breakers for installation.

Step 7. Locate the circuit breaker mounting points.

Locate the circuit breaker mounting points. The circuit


breaker will have two mounting points. Both are mechanical

contacts; one of which also serves as the electrical input


contact.
Step 8. Set the circuit breaker handle to the OFF position.

Set the circuit breaker handle to the OFF position. The


circuit breaker has 3 possible positions; ON and OFF and a mid
position when TRIPPED.
Step 9. Install the circuit breaker by aligning with the unused
space in the panel.

Install the circuit breaker by aligning with the unused space


in the panel. Tilt the circuit breaker so that the mechanical
contact point engages the support structure (rail, slot or clip).

Step 10. Connect the circuit.

Connect the circuit. After making sure the circuit breaker is


still in the OFF position, connect the circuit conductors or wires
to the circuit breaker terminal(s), ground and neutral bar
terminal screws. Use appropriate oxide inhibitor when
connecting aluminum conductors.
Step 11. Remove all foreign objects.

Remove all foreign objects. Remove, tools, wire scraps, etc. from
the interior of the panel. Look for and remove accidental
conductors in the panel that could cause a short circuit when
power is restored.

Step 12. Install cover.

Install cover. Bring the cover up to the panel to compare the


new circuit breaker location to the cover openings.

Step 13. Test.

Test.
ding
the
of the
panel,

Stan
to
side

restore power to the panel by setting the Service Disconnect or


Main to "On" and then set the new circuit breaker to "On" Clear
any short circuit before attempting a reset if circuit breaker
instantly trips.
Step 14. Identify the circuit.

Identify the circuit. Locate the panel's circuit directory. It will often
be found on the inside of the panel door.

Switchboard and Switchgear


The switchboard and switchgear are free standing assemblies of
switches, fuse and circuit breakers that provide switching and
feeder protection to a number of circuits connected to the main
source. It distribute large amount of power into small packages.
In hydraulic analogy, the main bus work of the switchboard is
equivalent to a main header supplying water. So far there is no
clear distinction between the switchboard and switchgear. Thus,
a switchboard is a switchgear.

Low voltage switchgear


The most important junction in
power distribution.
Low voltage switchgear MNS is
based on a modular design of well
tested technology using high
quality ABB equipment and
components,
with
ensured
availability all over the world. It is
manufactured in several factories
all over the world and can provide
life cycle long support near to its end users.

The MNS switchgear with fixed


outgoing units and screw and
bolt connections has proved to
be a reliable and maintenancefree solution. The front door is
locked,
when
the
circuit
breaker is in the I-position. The
door can be opened for visual
inspection of the equipment
without
interrupting
the
supply by using a specially designed method.
Install all grounding circuit components in straight lines. When
necessary to make bends, do not make sharp turns. To prevent the
electrode-discharged energy from re-entering the underground wires
and cables, all electrodes shall be installed away from said wires and
cables. The spacing between any two electrodes shall be as shown in
the detail of page 1, so that they dont compete for the same soil.
The earth-to-ground resistance of this circuit is to be measured using
a Megger, or other similar instrument, and the reading is to be no
more than 10 ohms. If the resistance is more than 10 ohms,
additional ground plates and PowerSet are to be installed in the
direction of an irrigated area at a distance of 10, 12, 14, etc. It is

required that the soil surrounding copper electrodes be kept at a


minimum moisture level of 15% at all times by dedicating an irrigation
station at each controller location. The irrigated area should include a
circle with a 10-foot radius around the ground rod and a rectangle
measuring 1-foot X 24-feet around the plate.
. Mechanical clamps shall be permitted temporarily during the
resistance test process, but are to be replaced with Cadweld OneShot" kits immediately thereafter.All underground circuit connections
are to be made using an exothermic welding process by utilizing
products such as the Cadweld One-Shot" kits. Solder shall not be
allowed to make connections. In order to ensure proper ignition of the
One-Shot", the Cadweld T-320 igniter must be utilized [Paige Electric
part number 1820040.] The 6 AWG bare copper wires are to be
installed in as straight a line as possible, and if it is necessary to
make a turn or a bend it shall be done in a sweeping curve with a
minimum radius of 8" and a minimum included angle of 90.

The Panel Board


The panel board is defined by the
National Electrical Code as A single
panel or group panel limits
designed for assembly in the form
of a single panel.
Panel board is popularly known as
panel or electrical panel. /panel
board is simply the box wherein the
protective devices are grouped from
which they are fed. If the devices
are of fuses, it is called fuse panel and if the devices are circuit
breakers, it is called breaker panel.
Fuse and breaker however, are very rarely mixed in a panel, expect
that a circuit breaker panel sometimes has a main switch and a fuse
for overall protection of the panel. Basically, a panel consists of a set of
electrical busbars where the circuit protective devices are connected.
A single phase, 3- wire panel is fed with two hot lines and a neutral
line connected to the line buses and the neutral bus which varies in:
a. Ampere ratings of the buses
b. Type of protective devices installed
Regardless whether the panel is flush or surface mounted type, it is
described in the following manner:
House panel circuit breaker type, surface mounting
120/240 volts 150 amperes main
100/80 amp. 2 pole main circuit breaker
Branch breakers all 80 amp.frame
10-20 amp. Single pole 2-30 amp. 2 pole
1-20 amp. SP,GFI

Principles Applied in Installing Panel Board


1. The approach shall be accessible and more convenient.
2. The panel board is centrally located to shorten the home wiring
runs.
3. It must be installed near the load center, as in most cases panel
boards are mounted near the kitchen and the laundry where
heavy duty loads are expected.
4. To limit voltage drop on the branch circuit, the panel board shall
be located in such a manner that no circuit (wiring connections)
exceed 35 meters long.
5. In the event that a circuit more than 35 meter long cannot be
avoided, No. 10 AWG wire shall be used for runs up to 50 meters
long and No. 8 AWG wire for longer circuits.

Self-check 4.2-1
I - Identification.
1. Is an over-current protective device designed to function as a
switch?
2. What is the minimum AC voltage range in a circuit breaker?
3. Provide switching and feeder protection to a number of circuits
connected to the main source?
4. It is also called breaker panel?
5. How many amperes main in 120/140 volts?

Answer key 4.2-1


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Circuit breaker
120 volts
Switchboard/switchgear
Panel board
150

OPERATION SHEET 4.2-1


Title: Installing Electrical Protection system for Lighting and
Grounding
Learning Objective: After reading this information sheet, the
trainee should be able to install electrical protection system in
accordance with the PEC and in line with the job requirements.
Supplies/Materials
:
GFCI
Floor outlet
Drawing and plans
Wiring devices
Panel board 6 branch 60 A main, 2-30A for outlet
and 2-15A for lighting
Equipment and Tools
:
Wiring booth
Set of pliers
Set of screw drivers
Personal Protective Equipment ( PPE)
Steps/Procedure in installing a circuit breaker:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Turn off power supply to the electrical panel.


Inspect the circuit breaker arrangement for unused locations.
Remove the electrical panel cover.
Test the panel for power.
Locate an unused space above, below or between existing
circuit breakers.

6. Select the correct circuit breaker.


7. Locate the circuit breaker mounting points.
8. Set the circuit breaker handle to the OFF position.
9. Install the circuit breaker by aligning with the unused space
in the panel.
10. Connect the circuit.
11. Remove all foreign objects.
12. Install cover.
13. Test.
14. Identify the circuit.
Assessment Method:
Direct Observation and Questioning
Demonstration

JOB SHEET 4.2-1


Title: Installing Electrical Protection system for Lighting and
Grounding
Performance Objective:
Given the necessary equipment, tools
and materials, assemble the fluorescent
lighting fixture in line with the job
requirements
Supplies/Materials
:
GFCI
Floor outlet
Drawing and plans
Wiring devices
Panel board 6 branch 60 A main, 2-30A for outlet
and 2-15A for lighting
Equipment and Tools
:
Wiring booth
Set of pliers
Set of screw drivers
Personal Protective Equipment ( PPE)
Steps/Procedure:
1. Use appropriate PPE before starting this job.
2. Read and interpret the given drawing.
3. Layout the given drawing in wiring booth with the correct
measurement.
4. Install electrical protection system correctly, follow procedure
in operation sheet 4.1-1. Have your trainer check your work.
5. Test your work by supplying power. Note. Do not test without
the presence of the instructor.
6. Clean work area, and returned equipment and material proper
storage.
Assessment Method:
Direct Observation and Questioning
Demonstration

Performance Criteria Checklist 4.2-1


CRITERIA

YES
NO
Did you.
1. Install panel board and wiring devices are
properly aligns.
2. Install panel board and wiring devices
measurement are correct.
3. Install panel board and wiring devices are
properly function.
4. Observed safety in performing the job.
5. Cleaned work area.
For satisfactory achievement, all items should receive a yes response.

References

1. htt://windows.microlsoft.com/en-ph/windows-vistas
2. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Network_topology
3. www.ehow.com
4. www.google.com