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INNOVATIVE APPLICATION OF INFORMATION AND

COMMUNICATION
TECHNOLOGIES
(ICT)
IN
ADDRESSING WATER RELATED IMPACTS OF
CLIMATE CHANGE
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The input in this evaluation was obtained from the procedures that were
provided during the perform shop whose idea was Innovative use of ICTS:
Connecting the gap between information creation and end customers for
atmosphere strength developing in Africa. The perform shop was structured
by MAKERERE UNIVERSITY GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS
CENTRE IN COLLABORATION WITH THE IDRC-ICTWCC PROJECT
BASED AT UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI, KENYA on Twelfth Dec 2014. This
was in collaboration with the IDRC financed project on impressive applying
ICTs in dealing with regular water relevant results of climatic change in
African-american, Japan and Latina The united states. Recognition goes to
IDRC-ICTWCC project group, grantees, organizers, companiens, keynote
sound system and members. Unique acknowledgement is prolonged to Ritah
Nakanwagi a Experts student from School of Queensland Australia for your
time and attempt put in compiling this evaluation.
1.0 Release
This evaluation introduces the procedures that took position during the
perform shop that was organised at Makerere University-Kampala on Twelfth
Dec 2014 in the Greater education of Technological innovation, Style, Art and
Technological innovation. The perform shop idea was Innovative applying
ICTs: Connecting the gap between information creation and end customers
for atmosphere strength developing in Africa. It was structured by Makerere
School Regional Details Techniques Middle in collaboration with the IDRCICTWCC project based at the School of Nairobi, South africa under the
guidance and host of Dr. Barasa Bernard. Primary of the perform shop was to
offer the grantees from African-american an opportunity to spread their
research results aimed at influencing strategy formulations. About 170
members attended the perform shop and among these were the worldwide
and nationwide grantees from Ethiopia, South africa, Malawi, Uganda and
Cameroon. From Uganda , the members included: Member of Parliament for
Bufumbira Eastern, seen in Western Uganda and Chairperson of the
Parliamentary Community forum on Climate Modify, different Ministry
associates in Uganda who involved Secretary of state for regular water and
Environment, NWSC and lands and Survey, Learners and lecturers from

various colleges who included: Makerere School, Ndejje university, Gulu


School, Moi School, Uganda Martyrs School, Uganda Christian School
Mukono, Kyambogo School, School of Eldoret and School of Nairobi. Others
involved research organizations like NARO-Kawanda and worldwide
organizations like IUCN.
The companiens for the perform shop included:
1.Mr. Bob Kazungu a mature formal from Secretary of state for regular water
and atmosphere in Uganda
2.Dr. Mugagga Frank a mature speaker from Greater education of Farming
and Environment-Makerere University
3.Dr. Lydia Kayondo a mature speaker from Greater education of
Technological innovation Style Art and Technological innovation
The techniques used in the perform shop procedures involved the use of
energy factor demonstration, key observe sound system and query and
answer sessions.
2.0 Key observe addresses
Key observe deal with from
CEDAT

Dr. Venney

Nakazibwe- Deputy Concept

The globe has come to terms with the reality that our atmosphere and
atmosphere is modifying at an unprecedented amount. The weeknesses and
effect due to climatic change varies in space and time. Technological
innovation has also confirmed that much of the changes in worldwide
atmosphere are majorly due to individual activities or what is generally termed
as climatic change.
How did we get there?
There are two elusive technological innovation whose definitions and
interpretation have kept modifying to suit different interests and they seem to
be the resource of complication. Environment has been variously defined to
the level that it is sometimes amorphously described to exclude humans.
Environment has been considered a constant and taken for granted no matter
what occurs in the interest of man. The other is financial growth which is so
wide to determine but we acknowledge that the economic system of the globe
has typically grown depending on exploitation of organic sources. After
decades of ecological deterioration due to rampant organic sources
exploitation and contamination all in the name of monetary growth, the globe
embraced maintainable growth which has mostly remained governmental
jargon rather than practical undertaking especially in the third globe.

The very growth we are so proud of or even admire as developing nations is


soon bringing us to our knees. It is unfortunate that developing nations are
going to suffer the impacts-yet our contribution to the causes is negligible.
Development at the expense of the atmosphere is the dilemma we are faced
with nowadays. The rapid individuals growth, development of artificial
atmosphere (urbanization) and associated contamination have put
tremendous pressure on the atmosphere. For every activity there is a
response. So what we are experiencing on atmosphere and/ or geological
range is a response due to cumulative effect of degrading or de-stabilization
of the ecological systems of the globe.
Principle comments
Distinguished guests and members, the chairman parliamentary forum on
climatic change , govt associates here existing, members of the diplomatic
corps if existing, principals, Deans, Director and Manager GIS center
Makerere School . I welcome you in particular to the Greater education of
Technological innovation Style Art and Technological innovation (CEDAT). I
thank the organisers of the perform shop, Dr. Bernard Barasa and the super
brains that put together the idea which led situation research outcomes that
are going to be disseminated and celebrated nowadays. ICTWWCC innovator
Prof. Tim Mwololo from the School of Nairobi and Dr. Macopiyo, thanks for
your insight, determination and your generosity in sharing your medical
experience and information with the younger students in the position.
Today is certainly an event to the various presenters who are going to discuss
their encounters in the perform shop. It is an event to all of us who are going
to listen, to discuss, to discuss information, but more so, to those who have a
responsibility to prepare for the near way forward for our position. I am
informed that climatic change is considered to be one of the most serious
threats to maintainable growth. In the Pond Victoria position of Eastern
African-american, climatic change results and potential variation alternatives
are not well documented even though that this issue has aggravated hardship
stages and weeknesses in various places. Iam therefore glad to learn that a
group of devoted students and scientists has come together to use ICTs to
deal with the regular water relevant results of climatic change.
Makerere School administration encourages and supports such interactions
because they foster new techniques and types of labor that keep the
academia at abreast with the cutting-edge information that focuses on crossdisciplinary research and use of new media and technology for the benefit of
worldwide group.

I sincerely thank the various students who are going to see us their medical
results in the perform shop. Iam informed that medical results to be shared
involved various topics ranging from use of ICTs to improve the potential of
insecure places to deal with stress triggered by atmosphere change;
integration of natural information with modern ICT to deal with the hazards of
climatic change and water; developing relationships , systems and
stakeholder collaboration through use of ICT; creating more beneficial
government systems to handle restricted and modifying regular water
resources; to applying of regular water sources and tracking climate
predictions.
I wish to extend a vote of thanks to the International Development Research
Middle (IDRC) for the generous financial assistance towards these studies
agenda and for assisting graduate training. IDRC assistance has helped to
groom a new creation of scholars in the Eastern Africa position and I hope
that the collaborative academic links will proceed to thrive. I thank the
organizers of day and I is my sincere hope that the perform shop will lead to
more impressive use of ICTs and promote further methodological
developments in your field of research.
With these few comments, I wish you an engaging and successful perform
shop and a pleasant and interesting stay in Makerere School.
As we create for the long run. Thank You.
Key observe deal with from Hon. Kwizera Eddie Wa-Gahunga- Member of
Parliament Bufumira Eastern and Chair of the parliamentary forum on climatic
change in Uganda.
Protocol
Distinguished grantees, members, Ladies and Gentlemen
I would like to take this opportunity to thank the organizers of the perform
shop for the trust put in me to deliver this keynote document.
Introduction
At worldwide stage, climatic change is centered on regular water by either
having too much or too little of it.
Another critical facet of climatic change is improve in worldwide temperature
ranges which has a direct keeping on regular water through evaporation. The
cause of climatic change is mainly attributed to atmosphere individual
activities.
Africa

Apart from Cameroon, the rest of the nations represented here nowadays are
either within or neighboring the Nile sink, which is an important regular water
catchment for many Africa nations. According to forecasts by the
intergovernmental board on climatic change, improve in temperature ranges
and great rainfall fall variation are predicted in the sink by years
2030.Underground aquifers position also a big resource of regular water for
African-american at huge and Uganda in particular but either lowering or
drying up of regular water tables has also been predicted by experts.
Uganda
Changes in rainfall fall regimes, (i.e. prolonged draughts and unusually very
great rainfall fall intensity) and rising of regular temperature ranges have
already been projected and observed in Uganda. A lot of uncertainties in
forecasts about the predicted degree of change under different climatic
change circumstances still remain.
Such doubt can easily result into maladaptation and therefore JIAYU S3
phone demands immediate, incorporated low regret reactions which are
capable of developing strength among the entire regular water dependent
industry and at different stages of society.
The impressive strategy of using ICT in dealing with regular water relevant
results of climatic change is one of such strategy which should be supported
in efficiently disseminating atmosphere information and developing updated
information bases that will facilitate quick reactions to the results of climatic
change at various stages.
By using different ICTs atmosphere designs should be created under different
circumstances in order to reduce the possibility of maladaptation.
Use of impressive ICT resources (e.g. smartphones, maps) to help places in
Uganda change and mitigate regular water relevant results of climatic change.
1.Use of ICT resources such as radios and DOOGEE X5 Pro mobile phones
have been used to spread climate predictions and atmosphere tracking to
cultivators and pastoralists during droughts and periods of intense rainfall fall.
2.Empowerment of such insecure places to deal with regular water extreme
conditions (drought, flooding etc.) through regular communication and
awareness development has increased the ability to implement localized
variation activities. For example farming places across the nation are now
practicing ground and regular water preservation activities.
3.By the use of ICTs choice creators have been able to coordinate initiatives
during excessive atmosphere activities and strengthened community
networking sites, inclusiveness and processes of learning. A very good

example is during the recent excessive atmosphere event of very heavy


rainfall fall which resulted into too much run-off that triggered mudslides in
Mbale set up Budunda. Though lots of individuals died, rescue initiatives were
mostly coordinated via ICT.
4.The Secretary of state for Water and Environment has used the Gps (GPS)
and GIS software to generate charts showing both subterranean and surface
regular water coverage. The charts are resource of straight alternatives for
organizers and implementers within the regular water industry on where to
locate regular water points such as boreholes which are easily accessed by
places. Accessibility of up to-date details about regular water circumstances
facilities timely choice making in regular water sources control and early
response regarding emergencies; and creating more beneficial government
systems to handle restricted modifying regular water sources.
5.Use of ICTs has provided a channel for airing out views through
development of ICT based relationships, systems, discussion and stakeholder
collaboration (Facebook, WhatsApp, local channels etc.) during excessive
atmosphere activities especially among the youth.
Uganda strategy Framework
There are many policies in Uganda which have a keeping on regular water
sources but for this document reference was created to three only.
The Uganda National Development Plan 2010/2011-2014/2015
The Uganda National Development Plan 2010/2011-2014/2015, which is the
nationwide preparing structure, recognizes climatic change as an important
phenomenon that is threat to the multiple advantages that regular water
sources provide. The technique focuses on the reality that if inappropriately
addressed, climatic change will jeopardize the socio-economic advantages
which accrue for extraction of regular water sources and perpetuate hardship.
To improve and maintain the socio-economic gains advantage from regular
water, the technique recommends the need to use effective and effective
control approaches; which needs collaborative attempt at both nationwide and
transboundary stages. The impressive techniques should be in line with the
regular water act and National regular water strategy.
Despite the reality that the technique not precise, ICT can be used under the
umbrella of the technique to spread information and educate the masses on
flexible ways to regular water sources control at both nationwide and
worldwide stages.
The National Climate change policy

The overarching purpose of this treatment program's to make sure that all
stakeholders
deal with climatic change results and their causes through
appropriate activities while advertising maintainable growth and a green
economic system. Support to on-going initiatives to make sure that climatic
change concerns are included in nationwide initiatives for maintainable longterm preservation, access and effective utilization and control of regular water
sources is one of the variation strategy priorities.
Basing on the above purpose and priority, synergies can be established with
the nationwide ICT power and other stakeholders to make sure that
distribution of variation information is given the utmost importance. PFCC for
example is working around the corner to secure funds for distribution of
atmosphere information to the common populace using different ICT channels.
It is also possible to create the overarching purpose to advertising the use of
ICT in dealing with the results of climatic change on regular water sources.
Within the structure of climatic change strategy, Use of ICT may be used for
the following areas:
i.Development of acting resources for the regular water industry as an
appropriate evaluate to analyze the results of climatic change on regular water
resources;
ii.Estimation of upcoming regular water availability to guide regular water
resource preparing and control.
iii.Estimation of climatic change effect on ground regular water sources
iv.Development of regular water use scenarios; acting the effectiveness of
regular water control variation techniques under different atmosphere
circumstances and
v.Quantifying hydrologic sensitivity to atmosphere (rainfall-temperature runoff
relationship etc.)
The Uganda National ICT strategy 2012
The strategy articulates the need to use ICT in minimizing ecological
deterioration, handling mishaps as well as in establishment of tracking
systems to prediction and monitor the effect of organic and man-made
mishaps. Under this treatment strategy, ICT can be used on analyze predict
and spread details about regular water sources under a modifying atmosphere.
i.Review increase the National Climate change Policy to determine precise
activities of strengthening the use of climatic change variation and
minimization strategies; including potential developing.

ii.Review increase the National Development Way to prioritize financing for


impressive ICT program in regular water sources control other climatic change
problems.
iii.Strengthen implementation of the National ICT thinking about curbing
cybercrime and protecting copyrights
iv.There is still need for potential developing at the nationwide stage in the use
of ICT to create regular water relevant atmosphere designs and predictions.
v.ICT services (such as internet) still need to be prolonged further down to the
non-urban places.
vi.Integrating of natural information with modern ICTs to adjust to regular
water relevant stresses is more maintainable strategy which promotes
possession therefore should be promoted.
Conclusion
On part of the parliamentary Community forum on climatic change , and on
my part, I would like to pledge commitment to assisting the use of impressive
ICT program not only to dealing with the regular water relevant results of
climatic change , but to taking on a holistic strategy which embraces all the
areas of the economic system.
Key observe deal with from Kyambadde Rich Government formal Ministry of
Water and Environment
The conventional types of assessing financial growth and associated
indicators need to be re-aligned with the renewed knowledge of globe earth
and the solar systems.
Climate change
Statistical alternation in regular climate patterns and types of conditions over
an longer timeframe of your time and attempt.
This change is indicated by;
Rate at which this modification has come
Frequency
Intensity
Un-predictability

The biggest task nowadays is to tell the difference between;


Climate variation and alter (while farm owners have typically adapted to
variation the existing dealing techniques may not be applicable to results of
anthropogenic climatic change.
Human and naturally caused weather/climate variation or changes and
results.
Global medical group notices that individual activities are the primary source/
cause of climatic change and that the burning of non-renewable fuels is
mostly accountable for driving this modification.
Global warming:
While a few still doubt that individual caused atmosphere heating is actual, but
doubt still surrounds how much? When and how far?
While the causes are due to scattered deterioration the globe, no isolated
initiatives can stop the change; there is need for combined activity to control
most of the foreseeable results especially
On key areas like regular water, agriculture and transport. Need to take
appropriate activities on to individual activities that are believed to be
accelerating the interest amount of climatic change through climatic change.
Deforestation, biodiversity loss and contamination are leading to elimination of
local species nearly tipping organic balance of environment. The development
of semi-natural environments (through intense mono-cropping) that allow the
proliferation and emergency situations of new pests
Every catastrophe or excessive climate event should not be tied to CC.
Paving surfaces(urbanization) coupled with reclamation of wetlands in
Kampala and the resultant flooding and failures is not climatic change.
How to gather analyses and make use of climate and atmosphere information
in the procedure of changing results of atmosphere
We are currently relying on the Inter-Governmental board of climatic change
(IPCC) information distribution center and common flow designs (GCMs) for
CC information and information but remember ACTION is highly required at
the minimum stage (community) where weeknesses and effect is highest. The
procedure is how to downscale these details and keeping it effective for local
action-adaptation.
General flow designs (GCMs) now project atmosphere parameters at a
solution of 250 km 2 while downscaled design provide forecasts at 50km2.

The science of atmosphere modeling is complicated and initiatives to share


this science to farming regular water remain rudimentary and fraught with
what is perceived to be contradictory and unreliable information. C v
Within the climatic change science group there is growing attempt to make
discovering more suitable for creating decisions but as yet there is very little
conscious as to how information may be relied on for creating decisions.
There are two primary ways to tackle climatic change variation and
minimization
As third globe nations, our focus is mainly on adaptation; handling the
unavoidable and preventing the unmanageable. Africa nations are particularly
at risk of climatic change because of their dependence on rain-fed agriculture ,
great stages of hardship , lower stages of individual and physical capital and
poor facilities.
Adaptation is a procedure, to a huge level, a behavior response and instilling
alternation in the way places respond needs time.
Water occupies a primary part in the complicated problems with CC and we
must identify its multi-dimensional part in environment durability livelihood
security and financial growth. It is hard to mention any individual activity that
does not require the use of water!
Adaptation and strength to results of climatic change is generally changing
regular water control.
Water- relevant mishaps such as droughts, flooding, landslides, wind storms
and hailstorms promote well over 70% of mishaps in the nation and destroy
an regular of 800,000ha of plants annually, causing financial failures in excess
of approximately US $65 million. Large-scale atmosphere activities such as
El-nino and La- nino, are identified as the key causes of the most severe
water-related mishaps in Uganda.
Drop degree of Pond Victoria; droughts have significantly affected regular
water sources, hydro electricity manufacturing and agriculture, among many
other areas. The great regularity of famine has persisted since 2000 and
Uganda particularly suffered in 2004/2005, when manufacturing of
hydroelectricity declined substantially, throwing the nation into a energy crisis
undermined financial commitment and slowed the countrys financial growth.
Pond Wamala reduced by 50% in the last 50 years.
Current initiatives
Political initiatives

1.Political-Institutional transformation
Ministry of regular water and atmosphere
i.Climate change Unit-Climate change Department
ii.Department of meteorology-Uganda National Metrological Authority (UNMA)
iii.Water for production-rehabilitation of irrigation schemes
iv.GIS
OPM
Disaster preparedness
NDP
2.Policy : NWP,NCCP
3.Strategic framework: NAPA,IWRM, REDD+ DRR, Shrub growing act
IWRM is dependant on two principles:
i.Fresh regular water is a finite and insecure resource, essential to maintain
life, growth and the atmosphere.
ii.Water growth and control should depend on participatory strategy, involving
customers, organizers and strategy makers at all stages.
iii.Women play a primary part in the provision, control and safeguarding of
regular water.
iv.Water has an financial value in all its competing uses and should be
recognized as an financial good.
4.Projects: Associates, NGOs, CBOs and locally based innovations for
adaptation
5.CHAI: Climate change variation using ICT-Enhancing variation potential of
places to climatic change induce regular water relevant difficulties using ICT in
Uganda.UCH,FHI-360,MWE,MAK,LGs financed by IDRC.
A research based lead project on group variation to CC in 3 regions of the
cattle corridor (Nakasongola, Soroti and Sembabule) with Rakai as a control.
The perform studied historical rainfall fall information to comprehend famine
circumstances using standardized precipitation index (SPI).
i.Trained climate and industry information collectors
ii.Installed Linux web server at UNMA

iii.Installation of 20 rainfall gauges


iv.40 JIAYU S3 cell mobile phones deployed to gather and transmit climate
and industry information between primary web server and channels in the lead
regions through a telephone cellular system.
Collection research and distribution of 10 day rainfall fall /weather
information to farm owners using cell mobile phones.
Collection research and distribution of industry information for selected
agro-produce.
6.Automated real-time information collection-Telemetry via MTN financed by
GIZ, only Kyoga sink on lead foundation early warning component to be
incorporated on techniques.
It is expensive and system breakdown
This is a shift from the manual stationary indicators to information loggers to
real-time.
Meteorological information is mostly collected manually and sent by regular
mail! Sometimes transmission from met station is by DOOGEE X5 Pro phone
calls or SMS but this is not institutionalized. After research, information from
UNMA is sent by email to stakeholders.
Way Forward
Adaptation to climatic change variation is not new, but climatic change is
predicted to existing heightened risk, new combinations of risks and
potentially grave repercussions. African-american has always struggled to
survive economically, technologically and environmentally), the existing
dealing techniques had proven to be effective and had become part of our
tradition. However, this may not apply in the existing wave of unpredictable,
frequent and extreme conditions in climate. African-american therefore still
has to keep adjusting with hardships associated with hardship, disease,
illiteracy among others. The new techniques have to be systematic
(Knowledge based) rather than independent cautiously preventing the
business as usual techniques.
While most govt sectoral programmes are dealing with maintainable control of
environments and atmosphere there is need for combined activity at strategy
and institutional stage and overview of the different roles and responsibilities
of the organizations and stakeholders. The use of ICT is not a panacea to

climatic change but one of the means to spread details about CC. It should
not be treated as superior but complementary to the existing means. Given
our low degree of computer literacy, prior training to the use of ICT equipment
for this purpose should be embedded in any variation program. Use of ICT in
ICT variation comes to bridge the gap between the evolving perform of
atmosphere researcher and the user places.
It is therefore crucial that the effect of ICT mediated variation in helping the
potential and strength of other places is assessed over a many years. While
the causes of CC originate from regional/global sources, REAL activity to
reduce the severity of results is essentially rooted at local stage with such
methods like tree growing, effective use of energy, reducing, reusing and
recycling of materials. Climate science should be handled by the technological
group while the critical mass consuming and applying the information/
information should be devoted to activities at local and local stages in order to
reverse the existing trend; like the EIA practice, it should become a
requirement to mainstream climate and atmosphere evidence all our sectoral
growth financial commitment. We need to upgrade enhance our climate
tracking systems. Limited financial commitment in atmosphere science:
Weather and atmosphere information and information selection, research,
distribution and action; the lack of adequate information and information to
completely comprehend the changes and trends. We have huge gaps in
information and information to create a situation at nationwide and local
stages which in turn affect s preparing and creating decisions. For example,
only 1/10th of met channels are functional.
Strengthen the potential of authorized institutions-out of time frame and
inadequate processing systems and equipment: Increasing the accuracy of
predictions needs helping the quality of the designs, which in turn needs
higher processing energy.
Poverty is risk factor to atmosphere change;
There continues to be a great need to identify information organised by
natives. Although in the face of a modifying atmosphere it is not certain that
existing variation techniques will be sufficient in the long run, yet they must be
the position to start on the which to begin. Local technological innovation that
aid places to deal and adjust to excessive climate activities but do not
advance well on the ground and may even lead to violation of basic individual
rights. Time-after it is discovered that places which discuss their guidelines,
techniques and techniques are those that can improve their strength to modify
and challenges;
Sustainable variation to climatic change is not possible without use of climate
and climatic change information in variation strategies;

The use of insurance, financial commitment in regular water sources


facilities, ground and regular water preservation to enhance farming
productivity, restoration of degraded environments, delivery of accurate and
effective climate (rainfall) information to cultivator places for preparing.
Having the information or information without activity will not save the day
need to discuss costs of generating information, distribution and implementing
appropriate activities that improve group strength.
Adaptive preparing is needed to embrace growing conditions require quick
response.
Although once off tasks are able to deliver technological potential and
community learning encounters has shown that allowing the potential to apply
atmosphere details are a resource intense procedure that needs time.
Therefore it is important that financing for climatic change variation goes
beyond lead tasks and once-off interventions and instead allow local
organizations to explore the relevant problems and create the broad set of
institutional and technological equip them for the battle.
It is not too late, the globe can recover if we act now by slowing down, respect
and care for the earth, let us be local of characteristics but not colonizers of
this planet-Lest characteristics will always win.
The inability to localize seasonal and daily predictions is significant
impediment to the use of predictions by farm owners.
Forecasts are produced in English; however UNMA together with its partner
has put systems set up for translations into 12 local languages.
Packaging of the predictions is in medical format (such as regular, above
regular and below normal) is not easy recognized by the farm owners.
Need for strategy oriented research which is not with NCCP
Mainstreaming climatic change in sectoral growth / engage in atmosphere
evidence financial commitment
Increase financial commitment in regular water resource facilities.
3.0 Opportunities within the project relationships

Presented by Dr. Macopiyo Laban


This project has been done in collaboration with other partners from Latine
The united states, Japan and African-american. The program will end in May
next year. We need to create idea notices for the long run. The contributors
are very happy and feel they will proceed assisting the program and do things
better.
This kind of distribution perform shop is very crucial, very happy with the
participation and everybody in this project. We would like to take advantage
with capital from contributors in accordance with the deals. We have signed
memorandum of knowing in Latina The united states. Those relationships go
beyond what we have at the moment. Please contact us so that we can create
idea remember that consist of incorporating strategy so that we can industry
our perform outside there. What is imagining the program part is something
good to operate together.
4.0 Concerns and reactions
This section contains questions and response from members after different
demonstrations that were produced by different awardees. These involved
demonstrations in energy factor form (attached) from Experts and PhD
students from colleges seen in Malawi, South African-american, South africa,
Cameroon and Uganda. The questions included:
Question 1: Mekonnen Adnew your suggestions were generally for the govt
and lacked group stage engagement. What is your view?
Response: It is the Government that is doing more about the variation but
indicated some suggestions about group. I used about 8 categories because
of the system and most of them are affected by regular water quality problems.
Question 2: David Ilimos suggestions need addition of strategy frameworks.
Response: I involved some strategy frameworks in my results and will be able
to add in more
Question 3: Mekonnen what did you mean by spatial scale?
Response: This involved the various categories I used in my research
Question 4: Francis Smell what is independent interpolation even though that
you involved the use of inverse distance interpolation to summarise your
results.
Response: I attempted to use interpolation and inverse weighting technique
because of my characteristics of classification.

Question 5: Mekonnen what is the take home message for researcher since
all your suggestions are for government?
Question 6: David Ilima there was restricted knowledge of hydrological
circumstances.
Response: There are suggestions in my research for strategy creators for
example on hydrological circumstances. True there are bore holes available
but I considered why they fail? I thought there are hydrological circumstances
which is roofed in my objectives.
Question 7: Francis Smell you stated much about climatic change variation
and forgot about variation. How do you look at the two issues? Can we use
others other than monetary systems?
Response: Without ICTs it would have been impossible for this research.
There are some imperatives about climatic change especially during the dry
season individuals line up till afternoon. But the crucial within design and style
not actually due to climatic change is useful.
Question 8: Barasa Bernard, year 2014 has not ended, what is your view time
frame?
Response: I Used Landsat to evaluate lake regular water level and to
discover the amount on monthly and every week foundation using measured
information. This technique can be used on every week foundation in
catchment places. In regards to famine, there is a lot of literature about
climatic change results and aspects accountable for climatic change but to
what level they can achieve this each month is what I considered.
Question 9: David illima, I suggest you add on the issue of agroforestry as a
evaluate which should be tackled particularly in towns.
Question 10: Mekonnen there is need to have a further knowing about the
yearly repercussions of climatic change. You need to consist of aspects
contributing to those changes. Go further to discover the about river. That
position has a lot of industrialization. This is an position that can go to strategy
creators.
Question 11: Farmers invest to adjust climatic change variation because many
of natives are stuck and have no knowledge of climatic change but have
always had dependency syndrome. May be it can be the increment of money.
You can come up with a great perform strategy which contains interest
amount of 1o% but they go for the loan that carries 20%.
Response: A cultivator sometimes needs external influence and therefore
govt and community collects what is called community goods.
With

independent variation, the benefit goes to the cultivator but enjoyed by


everyone and therefore money is the route of your time and attempt.
Question 12: Francis Odour: Finding how did you come up with the
discovering that men have higher chances to adjust to the effect of climatic
change. Are you not being subjective?
Response: Male were 2.5 times higher in variation of climatic change
technique than females. Men are the owners of the asset; they own land and
prepare for plenty of your time and attempt. In situation females are to use the
land, typically they have to ask a man.
Question 13: Barasa you need to comprehend figures that indicated a
decrease in lake position. The figure shows 82.1% you need to explain this
figure for a lay man.
Question 14: Barasa the hailstorms make some variations and also some
intriguing information that the river level within the preservation places tend to
vary. What is your comment on this?
Question 15: According to the idea Innovative applying ICTS. Am looking at
where is the end user in the country? I would like to know if within the project,
there is a center in applying to indicate the exact site for wells considering the
non-urban woman.
Response: In the position were the research was carried out, there was
applying that was carried out for the borehole position.
Question 16: Mercy what type of remote sensing information and the climatic
change aspects did you use that can be adopted in other parts like Uganda.
What kind of community techniques did you use? Where there any
relationship between the two?
Question 17: With the use of stereo, does everybody speak the same
language in Cameroon?
Response: Yes in Cameroon there is a common language that is spoken and
recognized by individuals.
Question 18: Daniel Murgor, what is the difference between climatic change
and variability?
Response: What is happening now is the function of climatic change in all
these activities. Farmers were asked about what they were thinking about
climate and atmosphere and the experience of farm owners over a duration of
efforts and the same changes of climate.

Question 19: Caroline Manie, from South africa metrology developed a


cellular climate alert. Am wondering what assembling your shed is covering. Is
it the same content or something within your perform you did? Within the
same natural information to prediction climate. Will you be interested to
discover and be interested in teaching meteorologists?
Question 20: Daniel Murgor, Farmers methods to community information; I
didn t see that component of the function of information authorities in
distribution of information.
Question 21: Sale Abou, you said that the significant food crop is sorghum
and because of climate changes, manufacturing is very low. Many people
have failed to adjust. Do you think this can be modified? Is it possible to
introduce other plants other than sorghum now that the details are not
available?
Question 22: Your design seems to be dealt with expansion authorities, why
did you choose to use expansion authorities as intermediary to the farm
owners. You can use farm owners to share to other farm owners. What
technique can they use to share to farmers? Is it possible to get in use of
expansion authorities in communicating information directly to the farmers?
Response: For the sake of adopting of new innovation there should be
possession from ministry of agriculture especially expansion officer who
cooperate with the in the farms. They cooperate with the directorate of growth
in the sub county. Trusting the details does not always mean the use of
information. Additional aspects use of fertilizers. The realization they are
aware about the details, they should be able to integrate these details with
their information.
Question 23: Daniel Murgor in your demonstration you mentioned that
variation techniques are available. How are individuals maximizing the use of
these strategies? Do you think the use of variation techniques will exist? We
are dealing so the variation techniques but adopting is the problem. What is
your discovering on this?
Response: Adaptation techniques are available but adopting is the problem in
my results.
Compliments from Rich Kyambadde Ministry of Water and environmentClimate change unit in Uganda.
To enrich your research we can use the most recent technology and use it
comprehensively. Map out other places and use them for strategy directives.
You need to discover the reason why some techniques are failing. Mapping is
comprehensive and involves a lot of techniques, strategy frameworks, power

of places and durability and some of the perform for standard interval.
Mapping the regular water aquifers and regular water flows is a necessity in
the use of ICTS in atmosphere resilient developing in African-american.
5.0 Ending remarks
Closing comments were provided by Dr. Gidudu Anthony who mentioned that
there are so many Africans methods to climatic change and some of them can
be seen in many publications. He stressed that the system that has been
established between different stakeholders is very crucial in solving the
problems triggered by climatic change. He thanked the group innovator of
ICTWCC whose attempt was evident by the demonstrations from various
students. He mentioned that at the GIS centre they will be able to system with
different organizations that consist of UBOS, NARO, IUCN and other partners
from different nations.