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You are on page 1of 2

Answer all questions in this section.

1.

25

32

58

47

47

52

28

34

47

39

36

21

58

40

47

34

29

36

17

28

56

38

47

30

a) Construct a stem-and-leaf diagram to represent this data.

30

37

40

44

31

42

[2 marks]

b) Calculate the mean mark and determine the median mark of the students.

[3 marks]

c) State whether median is suitable compare to mean as a measure of central tendency. Give

reason for your answer.

2.

[3 marks]

A factory producing bulbs uses three types of machines A, B and C which respectively contribute

25%, 35%, and 40% of the bulbs produced by the factory. 5% of the bulb produced by machine A, 4% by

machine B, and 2% by machine C are found to be defective. Find the probability that a randomly selected

bulb, produced by the machine B given that it is not defective.

3.

4.

x

-3

0

2

P(X = x)

a

b

c

Given that E(X) = 2.3 and Var(X) = 3.01, find the values of a, b and c.

[5 marks]

4

0.4

[6 marks]

In order to obtain a random sample of people who live in her town, Farhanah chooses people at

a) What is a random sample? Give a reason why Farhanahs method will not give a random

sample of people who live in the town.

[2 marks]

Farhanah now uses a valid method to choose a random sample of 200 people from her town and

finds that 38 live in apartments.

b) Calculate an approximate 99% confidence interval for the proportion of all people in

Farhanahs town who live in apartments.

[4 marks]

c) Farhanah uses the same sample to give a confidence interval of width 0.1 for this proportion.

This interval is a x% confidence level. Find the value of x.

5.

[3 marks]

The standard treatment for dengue fever has a probability 0.4 of success. A pharmacist has

undertaken research in Kota Tinggi and has produced a new drug which has been successful with 11 out

of 20 patients upon whom he has tested. Test the pharmacists claim, at the 5% level of significance.

Should the pharmacist continue to prescribe the drug?

[6 marks]

6.

A printing machine requires slight adjustment which appears to be randomly distributed. The

number of adjustments made in a month over a period of 90 months is recorded. The data obtained is

shown in table below.

Number of adjustments

0

1

2

3

4

5

Number of months

3

16

22

30

12

7

Give a reason why the number of adjustment per month may have a Poisson distribution.[2 marks]

Carry out a chi-squared test, at 5% significance level, to determine whether a Poisson distribution with a

mean of 2.8 fits the data.

[9 marks]

Section B [15 marks]

Answer any one question in this section

7.

a) An independent random sample is taken from a normally distributed population with mean 80

and variance 25. Determine the smallest sample size so that the sample mean exceeds the population

mean by at least 2 with a probability not exceeding 0.01.

[5 marks]

b) A teacher notes the time that she takes to drive to school. She finds that, over a long period, the

mean time is 24.5 minutes. After a new bypass is opened, she notes the time on 72 randomly chosen

journeys to school. Her results are summarized by

( x20) = 215 , ( x20)2 = 3234

where x minutes in the time for a journey.

i) Determine the unbiased estimates for population mean and variance.

[3 marks]

ii) State the parameter of the study. What is the significance of the value 72.

[2 marks]

iii) Using 5% significance level, test whether the journey now takes less time.

[5 marks]

8.

a) A sound device has 5 similar electronic components. The lifespan in hours, for each of the

electronic components which is functioning are independent and is a random variable with the probability

t

1 - 500

e

, t 0

500

0

, otherwise

density function given as f(t) =

i) Show that the expected lifespan for each of the electronic component in the device is 500 hours.

[4 marks]

ii) Show that the probability that each of the electronic component is spoil after operate for not

more than 500 hours is 0.632.

[3 marks]

iii) Find the probability that exactly 2 electronic components spoil after operate for not more than

500 hours.

[3 marks]

b) A continuous random variable X has the probability density function

1

1 x 9

8

0

otherwise

f(x) =

The continuous random variable Y is defined by Y = In X.

1 y

(e 1)

Show that P(Y y) = 8

,

0 y ln 9.

[5 marks]

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