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# 2015-3-JOH-TUN HABAB

## Section A [45 marks]

Answer all questions in this section.
1.

## The data below are the marks obtained by a class of 30 pupils

25
32
58
47
47
52
28
34
47
39
36
21
58
40
47
34
29
36
17
28
56
38
47
30
a) Construct a stem-and-leaf diagram to represent this data.

30
37
40

44
31
42
[2 marks]

b) Calculate the mean mark and determine the median mark of the students.

[3 marks]

c) State whether median is suitable compare to mean as a measure of central tendency. Give
2.

[3 marks]

A factory producing bulbs uses three types of machines A, B and C which respectively contribute

25%, 35%, and 40% of the bulbs produced by the factory. 5% of the bulb produced by machine A, 4% by
machine B, and 2% by machine C are found to be defective. Find the probability that a randomly selected
bulb, produced by the machine B given that it is not defective.
3.

4.

## A discrete random variable X has the following probability distribution

x
-3
0
2
P(X = x)
a
b
c
Given that E(X) = 2.3 and Var(X) = 3.01, find the values of a, b and c.

[5 marks]

4
0.4
[6 marks]

In order to obtain a random sample of people who live in her town, Farhanah chooses people at

## random from the telephone directory for her town

a) What is a random sample? Give a reason why Farhanahs method will not give a random
sample of people who live in the town.

[2 marks]

Farhanah now uses a valid method to choose a random sample of 200 people from her town and
finds that 38 live in apartments.
b) Calculate an approximate 99% confidence interval for the proportion of all people in
Farhanahs town who live in apartments.

[4 marks]

c) Farhanah uses the same sample to give a confidence interval of width 0.1 for this proportion.
This interval is a x% confidence level. Find the value of x.
5.

[3 marks]

The standard treatment for dengue fever has a probability 0.4 of success. A pharmacist has

undertaken research in Kota Tinggi and has produced a new drug which has been successful with 11 out
of 20 patients upon whom he has tested. Test the pharmacists claim, at the 5% level of significance.
Should the pharmacist continue to prescribe the drug?

[6 marks]

6.
A printing machine requires slight adjustment which appears to be randomly distributed. The
number of adjustments made in a month over a period of 90 months is recorded. The data obtained is
shown in table below.
0
1
2
3
4
5
Number of months
3
16
22
30
12
7
Give a reason why the number of adjustment per month may have a Poisson distribution.[2 marks]
Carry out a chi-squared test, at 5% significance level, to determine whether a Poisson distribution with a
mean of 2.8 fits the data.

[9 marks]
Section B [15 marks]
Answer any one question in this section

7.
a) An independent random sample is taken from a normally distributed population with mean 80
and variance 25. Determine the smallest sample size so that the sample mean exceeds the population
mean by at least 2 with a probability not exceeding 0.01.
[5 marks]
b) A teacher notes the time that she takes to drive to school. She finds that, over a long period, the
mean time is 24.5 minutes. After a new bypass is opened, she notes the time on 72 randomly chosen
journeys to school. Her results are summarized by
( x20) = 215 , ( x20)2 = 3234
where x minutes in the time for a journey.
i) Determine the unbiased estimates for population mean and variance.
[3 marks]
ii) State the parameter of the study. What is the significance of the value 72.

[2 marks]

iii) Using 5% significance level, test whether the journey now takes less time.

[5 marks]

8.
a) A sound device has 5 similar electronic components. The lifespan in hours, for each of the
electronic components which is functioning are independent and is a random variable with the probability
t
1 - 500
e
, t 0

500
0
, otherwise
density function given as f(t) =
i) Show that the expected lifespan for each of the electronic component in the device is 500 hours.
[4 marks]
ii) Show that the probability that each of the electronic component is spoil after operate for not
more than 500 hours is 0.632.
[3 marks]
iii) Find the probability that exactly 2 electronic components spoil after operate for not more than
500 hours.
[3 marks]
b) A continuous random variable X has the probability density function
1
1 x 9

8
0
otherwise
f(x) =
The continuous random variable Y is defined by Y = In X.
1 y
(e 1)
Show that P(Y y) = 8
,
0 y ln 9.

[5 marks]