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ATHIRA.L
PHYSICAL SCIENCE

PRELIMINARYDETAILS
Name of the teacher: ATHIRA.L
Name of the school: S.V.M.M.H.S.S., VENDAR

Standard: 9
Strength: 33

Unit: ACIDS AND ALKALIES

Subject: Chemistry

Topic: Properties of acids and alkalies

Date:
Duration: 40min
Stage: 14+

CURRICULAR STATEMENT
Pupil develops factual knowledge, conceptual knowledge, procedural knowledge and
metacognitive knowledge on the concept of properties of acids and alkalies through
observing, inferring and communicating.

CONTENT ANALYSIS
New terms: Acids, Alkalies

FACTS
1. Acids react with carbonates and forms carbon-di-oxide gas.
2. Acids react with metals to liberate hydrogen gas.
3. Acids react with alkalies and form a neutral solution.
4. Alkalies have basic character

.CONCEPTS
Acids react with metals to liberate hydrogen gas.. Acids have sour taste.
Hydrochloric acid helps indigestion. Acids react with carbonates and forms carbondi-oxide gas.

Alkalies do not react with carbonates. Alkalies have basic character. Acids react with
alkalies and form a neutral solution.

LEARNING OUTCOMES
Enables the pupil to develop,
1. Factual knowledge on modern acids and alkalies by,
5. Recalling the concept of acids and alkalies.

Recognizes the concept of acids and alkalies.

2. Conceptual knowledge on acids and alkalies by,

Explaining properties of acids and alkalies.

Demonstrating using examples.

3. Procedural knowledge on acids and alkalies by,

Doing and observing activities based on it.

Raising questions.

4. Metacognitive cognitive knowledge on acids and alkalies by,

Focusing on concept of acids and alkalies.

5.Develops different process skills like inferring, observing and communicating.


6. Develops a positive attitude towards science.

PRE-REQUISITES
Students are familiar with the sour taste of acids.
TEACHING LEARNING RESOURCES
Activity card,
REFERENCE BOOKS

Textbook of standard 9

Handbook of standard 9

CLASS ROOM INTERACTION PROCEDURE

PUPILS RESPONSE

Do you like sweet drinks to drink?


What all drinks you are familiar with?

yes
lemon juice, pineapple juice etc.

Do you know to make the drinks?

yes

Do you know to make lime juice?

yes

Do you ever taste the lemon juice?


What is the taste of lemon?
Do you know what the reason is for it?

ACTIVITY-1
Today I am going to tell you an autobiography
of a person.
(Teacher tells the students the properties of
acids in the form an autobiography)
My name is Acid. There are so many
members in my family. Each of them has some
special names.
My grandfather named hydrochloric acid helps
in digestion of food in the stomach.
He is a very angry person. If he becomes very
angry he makes disease like STOMACH BURN
in the human body. To make him cool
medicines like antacids are taken by the
human beings. In the world there many uses
with our family. Our presence is more even in
the soil. The farmers use lime to reduce my
presence in the soil. All the members of my
has sour taste. We changes blue litmus paper
to red. When phenolphthalein is added to us
there is no colour change. There is another
character of us that is we react with metals
and liberate hydrogen gas. We are included in
many of the food items. Different members of

sour and sweet


sour
No

our family are included in each of them.


DISSCUSSION POINTS
1. Which is the gas formed when acid
reacting with metals?
2. Which is the colour formed when
phenolphthalein is added to acids?
3. What is the taste of acids?
4. Which is the name of acid used for
digestion?

Hydrogen

No Colour
Sour
HCl

CONSOLIDATION
Acids react with metals to liberate hydrogen
gas. Acids convert blue litmus to red. When
phenolphthalein is added to acids there is no
colour change. Acids have sour taste.
Hydrochloric acid helps indigestion.
Acids react with carbonates and forms carbondi-oxide gas.
ACTIVITY-2
Have you heard the autobiography of
acids?
Do you like it?
Next the acid had gone to a city. There
he met his friend named ALKALIE.
We can listen their conversation.
ACID: Hello Alkalies how are you?
ALKALIE: I am fine Why are you so
angry?
ACID: I am not like you I am someone
different. I react with carbonates and
forms carbon-di-oxide gas.
ALKALIE: I dont have this property, but
I react with phenolphthalein and forms
pink colour.
ACID: You feel oily when touched. But I
dont feel such disturbances.

Yes

ALKALIE: I agreed. But you burn the


hands of humans. I am going. Because
if we stand anymore here we will scold
each other. And it affects our
friendship..
ACID: I am going.. Bye.

DISCUSSION POINTS
1. Which gas is formed when acids react
carbonates?
2. Which colour is formed when alkalies
react with phenolphthalein?
CONSOLIDATION
But alkalies do not react with carbonates.
Alkalies changes blue litmus red. Alkalies have
basic character. Acids react with alkalies and
form a neutral solution.
ACTIVITY-3
I will sing a song relating to the characters of
acids and alkalies.
ACIDS.ACIDS..
Burns the hand when touched..
Alkalies.Alkalies..
Forms a slippery touch
Acid turns blue litmus red.
Alkalies turn red litmus blue.
Acid the great
React with metals and liberate hydrogen
gas
We are friends and we are all around the
world..
ACTVITY-4
Teacher gives the students an activity card.
And asked them to arrange the colour when
each of them reacts with acids and alkalies.

Carbondioxide
Pink colour

INDICATORS

COLOUR
IN ACID
Phenolphthalein Yellow
Methyl orange
Red
Hibiscus
Light
pink
Beetroot
Red
Turmeric
No
colour

COLOUR IN
BASE
Blue
Red
Yellow/Orange
green
Golden yellow
Pink

REVIEW QUESTIONS
1. What are the properties of acids?
2. What are the properties of alkalies?
3. What is the colour when beetroot react with acids?

FOLLOW-UP-ACTIVITY
Find out more examples of acids and alkalies in your daily life situations.