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International Graduate School of Leadership

Steve Hobson

Church Health
*Session 11 & 12

CORE FUNCTIONS:
Empowering Leadership & Gifts-Oriented Ministry
Overview:
The Church . . . as the Body of Christ, probably the most developed of the metaphors, beautifully integrates
diversity of gifts and unity of purpose. Leaders play a key role in promoting these functions of a healthy church.
Objectives:
1.
2.
3.
Sources:

By the end of this session you should be able to.....


Explain the role of the equipping gifts in the church.
Discuss the nature, number, categories and expression of spiritual gifts.
Describe how people can be best mobilized for service according to their gifting.
Caldwell, Larry. Sent Out: Reclaiming The Spiritual Gift Of Apostleship For Missionaries And Churches
Today. Makati: Church Strengthening Ministry, 1992.
Written by a missions scholar, this challenging book puts spiritual gifts in the widest context, the theology of
missions. He equates the gift of apostleship with the cross cultural church planter.

Carson, Donald A. Showing The Spirit. Grand Rapids, IL: Baker, 1987.
An indepth theological exposition of 1 Cor 1214 by an exceptional scholar.

* Clinton, J. Robert. Spiritual Gifts: A Self Study or Group Study Manual. Beaverlodge, Canada: Horizon
House. 1985.
This thoroughly biblical and practical approach includes 19 gifts and several self tests.
Deere, Jack. Surprised By the Power of the Spirit. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1993.
Scriptural argument by a competent scholar and former cessationist for the continuation of miraculous gifts.

Flynn, Leslie B. Nineteen Gifts of the Spirit, 2nd Edition. Colorado Springs, CO: David C. Cook, 2012.
An excellent starting point with balance and pastoral insight. Included 19 gifts but no self test.

* Ford, Paul. Unleash Your Church!: Leaders Guide. St. Charles, IL: ChurchSmart Resources, 1993.
__________. Getting Your Gifts in Gear: Discovering and Using Your Spiritual Gifts. St. Charles, IL:
ChurchSmart Resources, 1993.
__________. Seven Principles for Mobilizing Spiritual Gifts. St. Charles, IL: ChurchSmart Resources, 1993.
__________. The Ministry Mentor Guide: Helping Others Discover and Use Their Spiritual Gifts. St.
Charles, IL: ChurchSmart Resources, 1993.
These resources by Paul Ford are practical workbooks linked together. Includes 20 gifts and self tests.

Grudem, Wayne. The Gift Of Prophecy In The New Testament And Today. Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 1988.
This book looks at the gift of prophecy in a fresh and stimulating way. To my mind convincing. J.I. Packer.

Mallone, George. Those Controversial Gifts. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1983.
Written by an Evangelical, discusses prophecy, tongues, interpretation, healing. Contains a joint statement
signed by noted Evangelical scholars J.I. Packer and John Stott that is most helpful.

Rees, Erik. S.H.A.P.E.: Finding & Fulfilling Your Unique Purpose for Life. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2008.
* Schwarz, Christian A. The 3 Colors of Ministry: A Trinitarian Approach to Identifying and Developing
Your Spiritual Gifts. St. Charles, IL: ChurchSmart Resources, 2001.
Written by the NCD developer, this practical and simplified approach includes 30 gifts, a self test.

* Wagner, C. Peter. Your Spiritual Gifts Can Help Your Church Grow. Ventura, CA: Regal, 2005.
A uniquely helpful book from the standpoint of spiritual gifts and church growth. It contains insights for
deploying gifts in the church.. Includes 27 gifts and a self test.
* = contains self scoring spiritual gifts inventory

Introduction:
CHURCH LEADERS CRY OUT - Without more volunteers to make the work go, well never reach our
goals. We are going to burnout!!
CHURCH PEOPLE CRY OUT - We want to help but dont have the ability or training to serve! But if you
need help, well be glad to pray for you!

---------------- EMPOWERING

LEADERSHIP ----------------

THE PASTOR-TEACHERS WORK IS PRIMARILY EQUIPPING PEOPLE FOR MINISTRY.


A. The Equipping Leader Is Placed in the Church by Christ. (Eph 4:711)
1. Christ gives the spiritual gifts (Eph 4:7,8 grace...gifts).
He does so as He sees fit. They are not to be a source of pride but of gratitude. They are for serving
the church, not for selfish gain.
2. He gives some people the equipping (or establishing) gifts (Eph 4:11) Five (four) are specifically
designed for establishing the church & equipping (or preparing) Gods people for service.
This is Jesus Christs design (Eph 4:11,12,15) for how He will build His church using all of us:
the whole body . . . grows and builds itself up in love as each part does its work. (Eph 4:16)
He gave . . .
Apostles
Prophets
Evangelists
Pastors
Teachers

The Body of Christ may be

To Equip

Gods People
Saints

Prepare

Establishing the church

For Works of
service, so that

Speaking the truth in love


Each part does its work

* Built Up, Grow up


* Unified in faith &
knowledge
* Mature
* Experiences the
fullness of Christ

B. Empowering Leaders Prepare the People for Service (function).


1. Meaning of equip (Eph 4:12 kartartidzo or prepare) The word is used....
* Medical setting of a bone to prepare it for use.
* Fishing mending of a net (Mt 4:21) to prepare it for use.
The sense here is to repair or bring toward maturity and completion something that is already
good so that it can fulfill its intended purpose.

2. People to be equipped Gods people (Eph 4:12 or saints)


These are the saints, true believers who belong to the body through the new birth
(Eph 1:1,3,13,14). Each of us has one or more spiritual gifts (Eph 4:7,8; 1 Pet 4:10).
Believers need establishing in the basics of the spiritual life, learning how to walk and serve in the
power of the Holy Spirit (Eph 5:1521). They need biblical teaching (2 Tim 3:16,17) to deepen
understanding of the faith and strengthen their relationship with Christ. Their identity needs to be
secured in Him. The resultant maturing, preparation, and growth makes them effective in works of
service (Eph 4:12).

3. Impact of equipping Works of service (Eph 4:12; 2 Cor 3:5,6)


(NOTE: There should be no comma after people or saints as in the old King James Version!!!!
That comma changes the meaning!)

These works are to be done by the equipped believers (those growing and maturing in Christ).
These good works are not for earning salvation but for grateful obedience to God (Eph 2:810).

Works here a deed or action that gives practical proof, fruit of a persons faith.
Service practical ministry to others, used for . . .
*
*
*
*
*

Preparing a meal (Luke 10:40)


Loving service (1 Cor 16:15; Rev 2:19)
Taking of a collection (Acts 11:29; 12:25)
Proclamation of the word and missions (2 Tim 4:11; Acts 6:4; 2 Cor 11:8)
Includes all other means expressing of love for others.

4. By-product of equipping (Eph 4:16) - Building up of the Body


When the leader prepares Gods people for service and as each part does its work the
body grows and builds itself up.

Building up spiritual strengthening, edification. The spiritual growth comes as unity of faith
and knowledge of Christ increases.

Mature perfect, brought to the fulfillment of purpose, lacking nothing, filled with integrity
and virtue. Here attaining to the whole measure of the fullness of Christ. (Eph 4:13)

---------------- GIFTS-ORIENTED MINISTRY ---------------Spiritual Gifts are special God-given abilities for Christian service.
*

gifts (charismata 1 Cor 12:4,31) comes from the word for grace (charis). These grace gifts are
unearned but valuable: from God, to His church, for His glory!

manifestation of the Spirit (phanersis 1 Cor 12:7; 2 Cor 4:2) from shine, make visible, set forth
Spiritual gifts are different from natural talents (ex. artistic or athletic ability). Talents are from God
but given at our birth, inherited from our parents. Spiritual gifts are given at our new birth
(conversion) directly from God. They make visible or set forth the Spirit of Christs life and work
through us.

spiritual [gifts] (pneumatikn 1 Cor 12:1; 14:1,12,37) spiritualities, of the spirit, gifts is supplied
Spiritual Gifts relate to, but are not to be confused with . . .
* Fruit of the Spirit (Gal 5:22,23)
* Temperament types
* Christian responsibilities, obedience roles
* Offices of the church (1 Tim 3:1-13)
* Natural talents
* Imitation/false gifts (Mt 7:1523; 24:24)
There may or may not be coordination between a persons talents/temperament and spiritual gift.

SPIRITUAL GIFTS ARE GIVEN FOR THE BUILDING UP OF THE BODY.


Spiritual gifts are given to each believer so that he/she can uniquely contribute
to unifying and building up the church of Jesus Christ for the glory of God.
Each one should use whatever gift he has received to serve others, faithfully administering Gods grace in its
various forms.... so that in all things God may be praised through Jesus Christ. (1 Peter 4:10; see also Rom
12:45)

To each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good. (1 Cor 12:7)
The whole body [church], joined together by every supporting ligament, grows and builds itself up in love, as

each part does its work. (Ephesians 4:16)

GIFTS ARE GIVEN BY GOD THROUGH CHRIST AND THE HOLY SPIRIT.
A. God through Christ gives a gift to each believer at his/her new birth.
Gifts are given to ...each one... (I Cor 12:7,11,18; 1 Peter 4:10; Rom 12:3)
We are all baptized by one Spirit into one body . . . God has arranged the parts in the body, every
one of them, just as He wanted them to be. (I Cor 12:11-18)
If you are a Christian you are in the body of Christ. You enter the body by Spirit baptism, which is then
symbolized by water baptism. (see also Rom 8:9; Eph 1:3)

B. God determines which gifts each believer receives.


We have different gifts, according, to the grace given us. (Rom 12:6)
To one there is given .... [one gift], to another .... [another gift], to another... [another gift]. All
these are the work of one and the same Spirit, and He gives them to each one, just as He
determined. (I Cor 12:8-11, see vs 18)

WE CAN FIND OUR SPIRITUAL GIFT(S).

(Adapted from Wagner 1979, 111-135; now 2005 edition out)

WHAT YOU DO . . .
Explore the possibilities . (Rom 12:4,5; 1 Cor 12:1 Don't . . . be ignorant)
1. Study spiritual gifts. See Rom 12:1-8; 1 Cor 12-14; Eph 4:7-16; 1 Pet 4: 7-11.
2. Talk with people who have discovered and are using their gifts.
3. Talk with people in various aspects of ministry as to their vision, motivation, and sense of calling
for that work.

Experiment with the possibilities (Rom 12:2 prove . . . the will of God)
1. Try various areas of service, don't give up easily, see what develops.
Don't assume too quickly you know what your gift is. Be willing to be used by
God in ministries even though you may not feel fully ready. Be available.
2. Don't fear failure but learn from mistakes, get help. Let God surprise you!
3. Realize service in some ministry areas related to certain gifts require preparation and experience
before you can expect to see much fruit. Give it time.

* Examine your heart ....... (Rom 12:2 good, acceptable, perfect)


1. What needs are you drawn to, desiring to serve to help meet? (Phil 2:12,13)
2. What aspect of service fascinates and fulfills you? (Psalm 37:4)
3. What aspect of church life and ministry irritates you? often it is an area of sensitivity due to
your spiritual gift, thus your area of service!

WHAT OTHERS DO . . .
* Evaluate your impact . (I Pet 4:10 good stewards)
1. God will increase you effectiveness in your gift area of service. You will see it and other church
leaders will see and affirm this too.
2. Gifted areas often develop more quickly when given attention.

Extend confirmation to you . (I Pet 4:10 serving one another)


1. Gifts are given to benefit the Body of Christ, the Body will recognize them.
2. Balance your personal feelings with the evaluation of other mature believers regarding your
ministry. They will recognize & confirm gifts God has given you.
3. All of us need to help each other discover his/her spiritual gifts.
* A spiritual gift assessment tool will help you think through these two steps in finding your gift. However, the value of
the tool will increase the more you experiment with the possibilities and have experience to evaluate.

Major Lists - Clearest Spiritual Gifts (NAS translation first, NIV second in parentheses if different, * or [ ] = see ESV)
Eph 4:11

Rom 12:6-8

Apostles
Prophets
Evangelists
*Pastor
*Teachers
(pastor-teacher)

Prophecy (prophesying)
Service, serving
He who teaches, teaching
He who exhorts, exhortation

1 Cor 12:8-10

1 Cor 12:28-30

*Word (message) of Wisdom


*Word (message) of Knowledge
Faith
Gifts of healing

Apostles
Prophets
Teachers
Miracles

(encouraging, encourage)

He who gives [contributes]


(contributing to the needs)

He who leads

(workers of miracles)

Effecting [working] of miracles Gifts of Healing


(miraculous powers)

Prophecy

Helps

Distinguishing of spirits
Kinds of tongues

Administration
Kinds of Tongues

(leadership, govern)

He who shows mercy


(note the echo of 1 Cor 12 in chpt 13:1-3,8,9)

(speaking in different kinds of tongues)

Interpretation of tongues

Interpret

Other gifts? - The word charismata is used in other contexts, sometimes suggesting a spiritual gift.
Though I dont follow this, Wagner, Schwarz and others do (adapted here from Wagner):
Celibacy (1 Cor 7:7,32-34) God-given ability to stay unmarried and enjoy it, not suffering undue
sexual desire.
Voluntary poverty (1 Cor 13:1-3, related to giving?) God-given ability to renounce material comfort
and adopt the lifestyle of those in poverty in a given context.
Martyrdom (1Cor 13:1-3) God-given ability to undergo suffering for the faith even to death, while
consistently displaying joy and victorious attitude that brings glory to God.
Hospitality (1 Peter 4:9-11) God-given ability to provide an open home and warm welcome for
those in need, often strangers.
Missionary (? related to apostle?) God-given ability to minister their other gifts in a second culture.
Intercession (? related to faith?) God-given ability to regularly pray for extended times and see
frequent and specific answers to their prayers.
Exorcism/Deliverance (? related to distinguishing spirits?) God-given ability to cast out demons
and evil spirits.
(See also OT ref to Spirit given abilities: ? music; Ex 28:3; 31:3-6; 35:30-36:2 craftsmanship

Grouping the Clearest Spiritual Gifts 20 of them (Rom 12:6-8; I Cor 12:8-10,28-30; Eph 4:11; I Pet 4:11)
Speaking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Pet 4:11 . . . . . . . . . . . . Serving
Equipping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Eph 4:11,12 . . . . . Work of Service

ESTABLISHING

SPEAKING

SERVING

SIGN

Apostleship
Prophecy
Evangelism
Pastor-Teaching
Teaching

Exhortation
Knowledge
Wisdom

Faith
Leadership
Administration
Helps
Service
Mercy
Giving
Discernment

Miracles
Healing
* Tongues
* Interpreting
tongues

Other groupings: Ministries/Motivations/Manifestations;


Speaking/Serving/Supernatural;
Focus on Maturity, Numerical, Organizational growth

Note: Unlike some lists, this


one keeps Helps and Service
separate, as well as Leadership
and Administration separate.

* = Tongues when interpreted function like speaking gifts


to edify the church (1 Cor 14:5b,9-13,27-28

SPIRITUAL GIFTS ARE EXPRESSED AND COMBINED IN DIFFERENT WAYS .


Examples:
Expression of Spiritual Gifts . . .
NAS

NIV

OTHER

1 Cor 12:4-6 Different (charismatn) ______________


Different (diakonin) ________________
Different (energmatn) ______________

Combination of Spiritual Gifts (gift mix) . . .

Application Point: ___________________________________ (2 Cor 10:12; Gal 6:4)

PEOPLE SHOULD BE MOBILIZED ACCORDING TO THEIR GIFT MIX.


(In conjunction with their heart motivations, abilities (natural and acquired),
personal temperaments, and life shaping experiences)

A. Establish a church ministry philosophy and policy on spiritual gifts Bring the leadership into
unity on the biblical teaching and your ministry philosophy related to spiritual gifts. Realize churches
hold different view about who and when to water baptize, yet fellowship together. So too, they can
have different convictions on spiritual gifts but still fellowship together. Items to cover :
1. How do we define and describe the baptism of the Holy Spirit? Do all believers receive it at
spiritual birth as this study teaches or is it a second work of grace? If it is a second work of
grace, do we expect a particular manifestation/gift to be evidenced?
2. Which spiritual gifts do we believe are functioning today? All 20 gifts as outlined in this material?
More, like 30? Or only 18, 12, 9, 7? Why?
3. If we are open to the sign gifts such as tongues or miracles, where, when and how should they be
used? In public or in private use only? At all services or only special ones? How do we handle
things if such gifts are used in a manner that goes beyond our stated policy?
4. What is our plan regarding new people who come into our church but disagree with our views on
spiritual gifts? How will we relate to current members who disagree with our position? What
are our boundaries areas of conviction and areas of flexibility? Are we open to changing, do
we embrace diversity of views, do we just tolerate disagreements, or do we recommend that
such people find fellowship in a more compatible church?

B. Unwrap spiritual gifts preach, teach and discuss the stewardship of spiritual gifts.
1. Preach about spiritual gifts Motivating with the vision of the Body of Christ healthy and growing.
2. Study the Bible on spiritual gifts. Use Sunday school classes, home Bible studies, discipleship
groups, special seminar/workshop sessions, etc. Focus on stewardship not self fulfillment.
3. Help people discover their gifts. Prioritize serving to discover gifts, not knowledge and testing!
Integrate spiritual gifts discovery (trying out different means of service then and inventory)
and development (accountability and guidance) into the disciple making strategy of the church.
Work these into the small group curriculum.

C. Beware of Common Pitfalls in Emphasizing Spiritual Gifts.


1. Rushing into the topic without Scriptural convictions Following the fads vs. following Christ.
2. Trusting inventories instead of God Bible guides us to serve & observe not just study & test
3. Over focus on certain gifts the problem of the Corinthians. Also the result of gift projection
consciously or unconsciously by strong personalities.
4. Neglecting the call to general, sacrificial service while we seek self-fulfilling ministry

D. Structure the church focused on ministry - with simplified administration.


1. Streamline the administrative structure dont tie up people in endless hours of committee work.
Free them to exercise their gifts inside and outside the body!
2. Streamline the permission granting procedure turn them on for ministry, train them up, and turn
them loose! Dont over control! Make change permissible and encouraged if it will contribute
to people utilizing their gifts. Yet keep a sense of order & stability.
3. Increase the supportive relationship between leadership and workers help people to feel
appreciated and encouraged.

E. Help people understand their God-given uniqueness in the Body (SHAPE from Rick Warren or
gift mix Clinton).
1. S piritual Gifts God-given and God-empowered abilities given at spiritual birth for the up-building
of the Body of Christ. (tool Spiritual Gift Inventory)
2. H eart (Passion) Personal core values, convictions and special concerns that motivate and inspire.
Often relate to a kind of ministry or target group. (tool Life Map)
3. A bilities Both God-given natural abilities at physical birth and acquired skills developed through
experience and training. We are stewards of these too!
4. P ersonality God-given, unique inborn temperament blending several dimensions of the way we
approach the world, relate to others, feel and express emotions, think. (tools MBTI, DISC)
5. E xperiences Life molding situations that form our values, forge our wisdom, and color our
personality: educational, vocational, relational, spiritual, ministry, painful. (tool Life Map)

F.

Structure recruiting, training and accountability processes around the SHAPE of people.
1. Analyze the SHAPE of each job - Add a needed gift mix description to the job description.
Teach ministry leaders how to do this and how to recruit accordingly.
2. Track the SHAPE of each person Gather and file information on peoples gifts and abilities
(SHAPE) to use in the recruiting process. Work hard as match makers
3. Encourage experimentation Allow for short term commitments and support to allow people to
gain exposure and experience in different ministries. The purpose is to prepare for longer term
and deeper commitments.
4. Make service a team sport Let people enjoy the thrill of ministering in their strong areas and
teaming with another who ministers in their weak areas. Keep the relational reward strong.
5. Train and support Provide classes, mentoring and lots of supportive communication to help
people gain confidence.
6. Provide for rewards for service! Not money but . . .
Working under effective, motivating leaders
Significant work to do, integration into vision of church
Relational support and encouragement, teamwork!
Personal development (in ministry skills, confidence, knowledge, faith)
Public recognition

ONLINE SPIRITUAL GIFTS INVENTORIES Free!


Expanded List of gifts (25 or more)
Gifted 2 Serve (Follows Wagners approach but omits martyrdom and celibacy, thus 25 gifts)
http://www.buildingchurch.net/g2s.htm
Focused List of gifts (20 listed in the main passages)
Acts 17:11 Ministry (A 20 gift inventory similar to Hobson's, but with more Pentecostal flavor)
http://www.acts17-11.com/gift_inventory.html
Narrow List of gifts (7-9 gifts only, avoiding all sign gifts)
The 9 gift approach Prophecy (preaching), Evangelism, Shepherding (pastor), Teaching, Exhortation,
Helps, Giving, Administration, Mercy
Team Ministry (Church Growth Institute Larry Gilbert) follow the 9 gift approach
https://gifts.churchgrowth.org/cgi-cg/gifts.cgi?intro=1
Elmer Towns (Church consultant at Liberty Baptist, Lynchburg, VA) follows the 9 gift approach
http://elmertowns.com/?page_id=203
The 7 gift approach Omits Shepherding and Evangelism from the list of 9.

Instructions on Choosing and Filling out Your Spiritual Gifts Inventory


Understanding and discovering your spiritual gift(s) is an important part of your stewardship before
God, and an important part of the way God will guide you into ministry placement.
Early in your service for the Lord you should experiment with a wide range of ministry opportunities.
Many of these will simply be obedient responses to Scriptural commands. It is normal to be uncertain
about what you spiritual gift(s) are if you have only a limited amount ministry experience. In our
twenties our personalities are also in a major growth and development phase so that we also find our
desires and interests to be wide, changing, and unsettled.
It is most helpful to have a wise, older mentor guide you in ministry and help you gain insight as
he/she observes the impact of your service and helps you understand your feelings in the process.
Feedback from mentors and others observing your ministry should be given much importance.
A spiritual gift inventory can also be suggestive, but has the most value after you have wide ministry
experience. Even so, taking the inventory early can help you begin thinking about ministry through the
perspective of spiritual gifts.
You can take any one of several inventories offered above or find your own. However, I suggest you
find one that corresponds with your convictions (opinions) about spiritual gifts, especially regarding the
number of spiritual gifts that are active today.

ESTABLISHING (SPEAKING) GIFTS (descriptions by Hobson drawing from Wagner, Clinton, Grudem, others)
Apostleship (missionary apostle) (1 Cor 12:28; Eph 4:11-14; Ram 15:20; 2 Cor 10:15,16;
Paul & Barnabas had this gift Acts 14:14)

The God given, special ability to evangelize and plant churches in pioneering or cross-cultural settings.
And/or to assume general leadership over a number of churches with unusual spiritual authority
recognized by those churches.
NOTE: The apostolic office held by the original twelve apostles (eleven plus Matthias taking Judas place, Acts
1:26), James (1 Cor 15:7; Gal 1:19) and Paul (1 Cor 15:7-9; Gal 1:1) was for the purpose of founding/governing
the church and giving it the inspired Word of God (Eph 2:19-22 foundational apostles). This office has ceased (1
Cor 15:8).
Others called apostles (Barnabas Acts 14:14; Silas & Timothy 1 Thess 2:6; Andronicus & Junias in Rom 16:7)
model the more general apostolic ministry that continues today in the form of pioneer church planting, often crosscultural (functional apostles). This function continues through people gifted in this way continue the apostolic
ministry (church planting, often cross-cultural), but not the apostolic office (giving doctrine).

Prophecy (congregational prophecy)

(Ram 12:6; 1 Cor 12:10,28; Eph 4:1114; 1 Car 1214; 1 Thess 5:20,21;
Judas & Silas had this gift, Acts 15:22,3033)

The God given, special ability to spontaneously receive thoughts from God, communicate them with
human words and thus meet immediate needs in the church for strengthening, encouragement, and
comfort of believers.
NOTE: The New Testament prophets, equated with the apostles in Eph 2:20; 3:4-5, formed the foundation
(Eph 2:20) of the church as they received, taught and wrote Gods Word which make up the Scripture. These
words of apostolic prophecy have absolute authority and are thus binding on the church for all time.
This sense of prophetic ministry has ended. No one speaks today with authority over all churches as Scripture.
However there is an ordinary congregational prophecy (Grudem) in which merely human words are used
to convey what God brings to the mind (see Agabus, Acts 11:28; 21:1011; Philips daughters, Acts 21:8,9;
and in 1 Cor 14:2938).

Evangelism

(Eph 4:1114; 2 Tim 4:5; Philip had this gift, Acts 8:5,6; 2640)

The God given, special ability to share the gospel with non-believers in such a way that a higher
proportion of men and women become Christs disciples and responsible members of the Body of Christ.

Pastor/Teacher

(Eph 4:1114; Jn 10:118; 1 Pet 5:14; Timothy had this gift, 1 & 2 Timothy)

The God given, special ability to assume long-term personal responsibility for the spiritual warfare of a
group of believers, overseeing their growth in Christ.

Teaching

(1 Cor 12:28; Eph 4:1114; Rom 12:7; Acts 20:2021; Apollos had this gift, Acts 18:2428)

The God given, special ability to communicate biblical truth relevant to the health and ministry of the
Body of Christ in such a way that others will learn and be built up.

SPEAKING GIFTS
Exhortation

(Rom 12:8; Heb 3:1213; 10:24,25; Barnabas had this gift, Acts 4:36,37)

The God given, special ability to minister words of encouragement, confrontation and counsel to others
in such a way that they grow in love and good deeds instead of being deceived by sin.

Knowledge (Word of Knowledge) (1 Cor 12:8; 2:11-16; 2 Cor 11:6; Col 2:1-3; Paul had this gift, Acts 17:22-4; 19:8-10)
The God given, special ability to gather, analyze and clarify information and ideas, which are helpful to
the growth and well being of the Body of Christ.

Wisdom (Word of Wisdom) (1 Cor 12:8; 2:613; James 1:56; 3:1318; 2 Peter 3:15; Stephen had this gift, Acts 6:310)
The God given, special ability to gain insight into how given knowledge may be best applied to specific
needs arising in the body of Christ.

10

SERVING GIFTS
Faith

(1 Cor 12:9; Heb 11:1,6; Mt 17:20,21; Stephen had this gift, Acts 6:5,8)

The God given, special ability to understand with unusual confidence the will and purposes of God for
his work, believing Him for the needed changes and resources, and seeing a higher proportion fulfilled.

Leadership

(Rom 12:8; 1 Thess 5:12; Heb 13:7,17,24; 1 Tim 5:17; James had this gift, Gal 2:9; Acts 15:1321)

The God given, special ability to set goals in accordance with Gods purposes (vision) and to influence
others is such a way that they voluntarily work together to accomplish those goals.

Administration

(1 Cor 12:28; 8:1921; The apostles showed wise administration, Acts 6:17)

The God given, special ability to plan in light of given goals, organize available resources, and manage
those resources to accomplish the goals.

Helps

(1 Cor 12:28; Epaphroditus, Phil 2:2530 and Phoebe had this gift, Rom 16:12)

The God given, special ability to work alongside another person in the body (often a leader) and help
that person complete the task God has given him/her to do.

Service

(Rom 12:7; Acts 6:17; Gal 5:13; 6:10; Onesiphorus, 2 Tim 1:1618 and Dorcas had this gift, Acts 9:3642)

The God given, special ability to identify the physical/concrete needs of other individuals and/or the
unmet needs in Gods work, and to make use of available resources to meet those needs.

Mercy

(Rom 12:8; Mt 5:7; 9:3638; 25:3440; James 1:12,13; The Good Samaritan showed mercy, Lk 10:2537)

The God given, special ability to feel compassion for people who suffer distressing problems; and to act
with cheerful, noncondemning love to alleviate suffering.

Giving

(Rom 12:8; 2 Cor 8:17; 9:28; Luke 8:13; Barnabas had this gift, Acts 4:3637)

The God given, special ability to contribute material resources to the Lords work with unusual
liberality, cheerfulness, and helpfulness.

Discernment (Discerning spirits)

(1 Cor 12:10; Mt 16:2123; Peter had this gift, Acts 5:111;8:2023)

The God given, special ability to know with assurance whether certain teachings, behavior, motivations
or experiences are actually from God, Satan or human origin.

SIGN GIFTS
Miracles (1 Cor 12:10,28; Acts 5:12-14; 14:3; 19:11-12; Rom 15:18-19; 2 Cor 12:12; Philip did miracles, Acts 8:5-8,13)
The God given, special ability to serve as a channel through whom it pleases God to do powerful,
observable acts that are signs of His working.

Healing

(1 Cor 12:9,28; Acts 14:810; 28:710; Peter had this gift, Acts 3:110; 5:1516; 9:3242)

The God given, special ability to pray for specific healing, trusting God to cure the sick and hurting by
supernatural means a higher proportion of the time.

Tongues

(1 Cor 12:10,28; 14:1319; Acts 2:113; 10:4446; 19:17; Paul spoke in tongues, 1 Cor 14:18,19)

The God given, special ability to speak in a language never before learned for the purpose of prayer, or
as a means of reporting a message from God to His people (when interpreted).

Interpreting tongues

(1 Cor 12:10,30; 14:13; 2628)

The God given, special ability to understand and make known in the common language the message of
the one who speaks in Tongues in order to edify the church.

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