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In this 8th experiment of CE152P entitled Unit Weigh of

Aggregates focuses in determining the unit weight of Coarse and Fine
aggregates. Aggregates are basically a material or structure formed
from a loosely compacted mass of fragments or particles. Unit weight
is also called as bulk density, unit weight is an indicator of soil
compaction. It is calculated as the dry weight of soil divided by its
volume. This volume includes the volume of soil particles and the
volume of pores among soil particles.
This test method is often used to determine bulk density values
that are necessary for use for many methods of selecting proportions
for concrete mixtures. The bulk density also may be used for
determining mass/volume relationships for conversions in purchase
agreements. However, the relationship between degree of compaction
of aggregates in a hauling unit or stockpile and that achieved in this
test method is unknown. Further, aggregates in hauling units and
stockpiles usually contain absorbed and surface moisture (the latter
affecting bulking), while this test method determines the bulk density
on a dry basis.
Since we did not did this experiment, our professor Engr.
Katigbak just gave us the required data that were needed in order to
compute for the unit weight of coarse and fine aggrefates. After
computing for the said values, it can be observed that the coarse
aggregats have a higher unit weight than the fine aggregates.

In this experiment, the main objective was to determine the unit
weight of coarse and fine aggregates. Since we did not really did this
experiment, it is really hard to conclude anything. But with further
research, it can be concluded that the bulk density of sand is inversely
related to the porosity of the same sand. The more pore space in a soil
the lower the value for bulk density. Also, the Bulk density or unit
weight depends on Volume is occupiedby both the aggregates and the
voids between theaggregate particles. Lastly, it is necessary to
determine the bulk density values in the use of many methods
in selecting proportions for concrete mixtures.
With reading the procedures, I can say that in order to improve
the results in this experiment exactness in measuring the weights must

be observed and the tamps should be well distributed throughout the

standard measure.

In this 10th experiment of CE152P entitled Specific Gravity and
Absorption of aggregates focuses on determining the Specific Gravity
and Absorption of coarse and fine aggregates. The measured water
absorption rate and specific gravity of aggregates is routinely used in
design and construction of pavement materials and structures
worldwide. The ability to measure the water absorption and specific
gravity of aggregate materials with high degree of accuracy and
repeatability in a short time is critical for engineers and practitioners
interested in the properties of soils and aggregates.
Specific Gravity is the weight of the aggregate relative to a
reference substance such as water. In order to determine the specific
gravity for both fine and coarse aggregate, SSD condition should be
attained. We measured the weight of the SSD sample and the weight
of the oven dried sample and was later on used to determine the
specific gravity of the aggregates. After gathering all the data needed,
our group computed a specific gravity of 2.22 for the fine aggregates
and 2.87 for the coarse aggregates.
On the other hand, absorption is a process whereby a material
extracts one or more substances present in an atmosphere by the
material's physical and/or chemical changes. For the absorption test,
the weight of the SSD sample and oven dried sample was needed. Our
group computed a 3.88% and 0.63% absorption for the coarse and fine
aggregates respectively.
In this experiment, the main objective is to determine the
specific gravity and the percent absorption of coarse and fine
aggregates. With the data gathered, it can be observed that the
specific gravity of coarse aggregates are larger than the specific
gravity of fine aggregates thus, the coarse aggregates are denser than
the fine aggregates.
Aggregate specific gravity is needed to determine weight-tovolume relationships and to calculate various volume-related quantities
such as voids in mineral aggregate (VMA), and voids filled by asphalt
(VFA). Absorption can be used as an indicator of aggregate durability
as well as the volume of asphalt binder it is likely to absorb.
In order to maximize the results obtained in this experiment,
some factors should be reconsidered like the improper identification of

SSD (over or under drying), air entrapped in suspended sample or

sample immersion container, loss of material during transfer to the
steamer and some human errors in measuring the exact weight
needed in the experiment.