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Electrostatic De-ionisation Device (EDD)

G&C Phil-Ital Trade, Inc.


+639228991764,+639193886600
+639054822769,+6323464995
wgella@gmail.com

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PRESENTATION
Presenting:
ELECTROSTATIC
DE-IONISATION
DEVICE (EDD), THE PDCE (Deionizer Lightning Rod
of Electrostatic Load by the acronym in Spanish)
technology, capable of preventing the lightning
formation and minimizing in a very significant way the
indirect effects of the electromagnetic pulses.
The climate change makes necessary to revise the
prevention
and
protection
systems
against
atmospheric effects such as solar storms, lightning and
its consequences.
Surprisingly, since Franklins time up to the arrival of
the PDCE there has not been any effective innovation
in this field.

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PRODUCT
2.1. What is the PDCE?
The PDCE prevents the formation of lightning and
minimizes significantly the indirect effects (between 60
and 99%), from the induced over tensions by the
electromagnetic pulses and the ground derived currents, by
lightning strikes in areas out of its coverage range, which
are the cause of the majority of the failures in machinery,
electrical installations or accidents that can even cause the
death. The most effective way to protect against lightning is
avoiding its appearance. In case of strike it will harm
individuals and installations in proportion to the intensity
transported by the lightning potential.
In fact, all labor risk prevention laws, in its principles of the
preventive activity, indicate that the RISKS MUST BE
AVOIDED if possible and NOT ATTRACT THEM, like
other conventional systems do.
Without communications we would be in chaos, with the
PDCE we guarantee the continuity and well functioning of
our activities, with a total protection for living beings and for
installations.
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The PDCE technology, was homologated by NATO the 9th


October 2013, in the concept of Lightning Protection
System and Electromagnetic Protector, being the NATO
code of the PDCE: NCAGE: SUM83, guaranteeing that,
further than preventing the lightning formation, minimizes in a
very significant way the electromagnetic and electrostatic
effects form external induced over tensions, responsible for
the majority of breakdowns and electrical failures in the
installations and electric machinery.
Moreover, as id does not produce sparks, in its functioning
mode, it is a LPS (Lightning Protection System) unique and
highly effective and efficient in ATEX areas (Explosive
Atmospheres), eliminating in a very significant way the
explosion risks caused by lightning in the installations with
chemical processes, storage tanks and deposits of flammable
products.
For the first time we can protect of the direct lightning strike in
petrol stations, ammunition depots, gas pipelines and in
general, in any ATEX installation-type, preventing accidents of
unpredictable consequences.
With the PDCE it is not necessary to interrupt our daily activity
due to a storm; with the PDCE we can sail and do sport with
security, among other things.
Furthermore, it cleans the environment of the electrostatic
loads and, consequently, improves the communications,
minimizes the noise and extends the installations life and
improves the quality of the workplace.

THE PHYSICAL PRODUCT

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As it can be appreciated in the following maps of lightning density,


the influential areas where there are protected installations with the
PDCE, have experimented a considerable variation in the density of
lightning strikes (white areas), showing a meaningful diminution of
them in the 2003-2007 period respect the 1997-2002 (were no
PDCE installations existed)
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PRODUCT
2.2. How it works?
The PDCE is an Atmospheric Downloads Protection
System and Electromagnetic Protector, THAT PREVENTS
THE LIGHTNING FORMATION, defined as a SENSOR
system of electrostatic loads ON TIME, of PDCE
(Electrostatic
charge
deionizer
lightning
rod)
technology, that derives them to earth, avoiding the electric
field saturation in its environment and preventing the
lightning formation in the structure it protects. It also
MINIMZES, in a significant way (60-90%), the indirect
effects from lightning strikes in its environment, outside of
its coverage range, because in this case, it behaves like a
thermal fuse, absorbing part of the lightning energy into
heat by fusion of its internal components, reducing to the
minimum the electromagnetic effects.
The functioning principle PDCE technology, is based in
deionizing the electrostatic load present in any environment
around it, to control the electric field below the boundaries
of dielectric breakage of the air (GAS)

Lightning is an electric reaction in the atmosphere,


created by the electrostatic saturation between two
points of opposite polarity and within a ionized
dielectric environment of low resistance. The electric
phenomenon develops normally during the storm
clouds formation. The typical thunder cloud is the
Cumulonimbus that it electrically transforms into a
natural condenser (Q1), forcing the apparition of a
second condenser because of the difference of
potential between the cloud base and the earth surface
(Q2). The loads concentrate in the most predominant
points of the ground, and the load capacity of the
elements on the ground is proportionally related with
the load capacity of Q1, its travel speed, the medium
permeability and the distance variation between
plaques (base of the cloud and elements on the ground
or the Earth itself).

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As it has already been stated, the functioning


principle of the PDCE technology, is based on the
DEIONIZATION; it is achieved facilitating to the
present loads in the environment find its equilibrium
without saturation or difference of potential between
them. The LPS transforms the loads that are present
in the structure into wek currents to earth, due to its
mechanical and electric design that its characterized
for constantly controlling the difference of potential,
inverting the polarity of the current field that appears
inside its two electrodes (Q3). Its characteristic
shape, facilitates the internal sorting of loads,
producing the apparition of an internal controlled
flow of electrons, that leak through the downspout of
the LPS, in the form of a weak current of milliamps
(between 50 and 350 mA in good weather and
between 700 and 1,600 mA in thunder periods) to
the ground of the LPS. The apparition of these weak
currents of milliamps that leak through the
downspout of the LPS, prevent the saturation of the
surrounding electric field and thus lightning does not
appear in the area and/or protected structure.

The presence of leakage currents are the result of the induce loads
transformation between the two electrodes of the PDCE lightning rod,
specifically of the great difference of potential created between the
base of Q1 and Q2.
This process of leakage current is called load deionization and it is
basic to cancel all the processes that take part in the saturation of the
electric field of high-tension in the structures, responsible factor of the
lightning formation principle that starts with excitation of the
descendent tracers (electric path in the atmosphere), leader
(ionization effect or tip that creates the ascendant tracer) and the
excitation and the lightning call (tracers union and energy download).
If these processes are controlled, the lightning apparition will be
voided.
The dissipation of loads capacity of the PDCE is influenced by the
travel speed of the condenser Q1 (cloud speed), the load time of Q1
(thermodynamic process of the cloud), the behavior of the Q2
dielectric (air resistance below the cloud) and the ohms resistance of
the ground of the LPS (load transfer time). The intensity and polarity of
the PDCE are variable values depending on the polarity and distance
between the plaques Q1 and Q2. These parameters are referred and
calculated at extreme working limits that can occur in the nature
(around 500Kv/m) to model the PDCE (Q3), reason why the ground
resistance value is essential for the LPS with the PDCE to function in
normal working regime.

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The load control of the Q2 condenser, with a Q3


condenser, limits the time and the load tension of the
dielectric in the base of the Q2 condenser. Taking into
account that when the average field of the guide
(descendant tracer) and the salient points of the Earth
(ascending tracer), that can be many in any normal
environment, it reaches around 500 KV/m, the crown
currents of such points increase and transform into
ionized channels that propagate upwards in an analogue
way to the propagation of the step guide, propelled by the
electric field itself and taking into consideration that the
PDCE is proved (laboratory tests) that there is no
lightning appearance for much higher tensions than the
cited 500 KV/m. It will be important that the resistance of
the grounding of the LPS does not have a higher value
than 10 ohms, in order to not increase the load transfer
time of the PDCE, increasing the probability that the
exterior electric field is saturated and lightning appears.

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The minimum working height of the PDCE determines


the air isolation power and the working time factor of the
PDCE technology.

It is an equipment that can be used either as lightning rod or


as electromagnetic screen, being transparent to the domestic
or industrial frequencies.

Given that the PDCE is the most predominant element in


the installation, it raises the ground potential to its lower
hemisphere, being the lower resistance point in ohms of
its environment regarding the earth level and the natural
environment, if a ground and masses equipotential
exists. The set of its characteristics convert it into one of
the best loads SENSOR SYSTEMS, for its location,
capacity and polarity.

Four levels of electromagnetic protection exist. We use the


PDCE Senior Modl

The ELECTROMAGNEETIC PROTECION, is another


complementary technological advantage that is offered
by the PDCE lightning rod, that the tip conventional
systems cannot reach. The PDCE is designed to offer
protection of the so dangerous electromagnetic pulses
generated by lightning (EMP) and from the radiated
magnetic fields (EM). The PDCE technology dissipates
the radiated energy in the air, effectively mitigating the
radiated or induced magnetic fields, electric fields and
electromagnetic pulses in any frequency, power or
tension (E1, E2, E3).

BASIC LEVEL. Objective: Minimize the indirect effects up to


60%. Installation requirements: R < 10 . Maximum
distance between PDCEs of 180 m. Equipotential system
and over tension protectors of 40 KA power at least.
MEDIUM LEVEL. Objective: Minimize the indirect effects up
to 75%. Installation requirements: R < 10 . Maximum
distance between PDCEs of 160 m. Equipotential system
and over tension protectors of 80 KA power at least.
HIGH LEVEL. Objective: Minimize the indirect effects up to
90%. Installation requirements: R < 5 . Maximum distance
between PDCEs of 160 m. Equipotential system and over
tension protectors of 100 KA power at least.
MAXIMUM LEVEL. Objective: Minimize the indirect effects
up to 99%. Installation requirements: R < 5 . Maximum
distance between PDCEs of 160 m. Equipotential system
and over tension protectors of 100 KA power at least. There
must be placed as many lateral PDCEs, as sides has the
protected structure.

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PRODUCT
2.3. Why is it the best?
TECHNOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE PDCE AND THE CONVENTIONAL LIGHTNING RODS
PDCE LIGHTNING ROD

CONVENTIONAL OR PRIMING LIGHTNING RODS

 Does not excite and neither captures the lightning strike with a 99%
efficiency guaranteed by the laboratory tests and field tests (where
efficiency 100% has been achieved

Excites and captures the lightning strike

 During the process of maximum activity of the storm, transfer medium


values (leakage currents) can be registered of between 700 mA and 1.2 A
for each cable of the lightning rod installation, with leakage peaks of 1.6 A
when lightning strikes occur 300 meters close approximately.

During the process of activity of the storm, transfer medium values


(leakage currents) can be registered, in the case of lightning strike in the
lightning rod, through the installation cable of 120 A to 350,000A, being
the average values between 30,000 A to 70,000 A

 The electrostatic load of the installation is compensated progressively to


ground when the difference of potential between the cloud and the Earth
increases, neutralizing the tip effect in a 99% of the cases (Tracer or
Leader) and minimizing the electric indirect effects (electromagnetic pulses
and derived current by land) between 60 and 99%.

It increases considerably the probability of lightning strike in the lightning


rod itself (70-80%), for being a tip ionizing metallic element, with severe
effects to its surroundings, that will depend on the intensity transported
by the lightning, something impossible to predict.

 Protects all types of structures, specially effective for environments with


fire or explosion risk and predominant metallic structures, like
telecommunications towers.

In the case of direct lightning strike (that it is what they are designed for),
generates electromagnetic pulses, over tensions, over intensities and
electric risks, in the structure itself that it is supposed to protect and its
surroundings, which can be very important and severe.

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TECHNOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE PDCE AND THE CONVENTIONAL LIGHTNING RODS
PDCE LIGHTNING ROD
 In the event of lightning strikes in close areas to the PDCE (indirect
effects) or impact in the PDCE (1%), the PDCE is built with melting
materials (650C) to be sacrificed like a fuse, transforming the
lightning energy in the moment of impact into thermal energy due to
the type of materials it is made of, melting part of it very quickly. The
transformation effect of Electric energy/Thermal energy, cancels the
appearance of possible dangerous leakage currents through all the
LPS installation, negating the possibility of creation of radiated
electromagnetic pulses and dangerous step tensions (they are
minimized between 60 to 99%).

CONVENTIONAL OR PRIMING LIGHTNING RODS


In the event of lightning strikes in close areas to the conventional or
priming lightning rod, or direct impact to the lightning rod itself (7080%), it absorbs the current melting the material progressively
(dependent on the intensity that arrives to the LPS), generating over
intensities and over tensions in all the installation where it is placed. We
have to keep in mind that a copper cable of 50 mm section can hold
150 A of permanent intensity. When there is a lightning impact of
40,000 A, for example, even though it happens in microseconds (this
transfer time will depend on the resistance of the grounding), the cable
remains completely rigid and burned.

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TECHNOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE PDCE AND THE CONVENTIONAL LIGHTNING RODS
PDCE LIGHTNING ROD
 It is compliant with the international laws of Labor Risks Prevention in
its basic principles of preventive action and the electric risks like:
Avoiding the risks, as it does not attract lightning
Evaluate and battle the risks that cannot be avoided, acting as a
thermal fuse in the case that indirect effects appear from lightning
impacts in nearby areas.
Take into consideration the technique, because it is always better a
system that does not attract lightning than one that does.
Substitute dangerous elements for others that carry little or no danger,
as the PDCE replaces an element that attempts to attract a very
important risk, like it is a FRANKLIN tip.
Adopt measures that set before collective to individual protection, as
the PDCE is a lightning collective protection system and avoids, in the
area where it is placed, having individual protections to workers, in the
majority of the cases ineffective, to the resulting electric risks of a
lightning strike.

CONVENTIONAL OR PRIMING LIGHTNING RODS


It is not compliant with the international laws of Labor Risks Prevention
based on its basic principles of preventive action and the electric risks:
Dose NOT avoid risks, because it attracts the electrical risk from lightning
strikes. Moreover, we can never know which intensity will be transporting
the lightning that strikes, because it is random, and the derived effects of the
lightning strikes depend completely of the intensity it transports.
Evaluate and battle the risks that cannot be avoided. The conventional tips
will try transferring the energy transported by lightning, through a copper
cable of 50 mm, reaching an earth, but in the point of impact of a lightning
strike, a thermal effect is produced in all the LPS (dependent on the
intensity carried by the lightning it will be lower or higher; and also on the
earth resistance, the more earth resistance, the more thermal effect there
will be), an explosion effect (point of impact) and an electromagnetic pulse
(air conducted current that travels in all directions, that transports a very
high energy peak, that will depend on the intensity carried by the lightning).
Therefore, managing all these risks, WITHOUT IMPORTANT
CONSEQUENCES to the protected structure and the individuals around it,
is completely impossible, like they admit in their own regulations.
They DO NOT take into account the technique evolution, because its
functioning principle remains being attracting lightning and thus, the risks
that entails.

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Substitute dangerous element for others that carry little or no


danger, as attracting lightning, always carries a danger of unknown
consequences, but very dangerous.

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TECHNOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE PDCE AND THE CONVENTIONAL LIGHTNING RODS
PDCE LIGHTNING ROD

CONVENTIONAL OR PRIMING LIGHTNING RODS

 Are not compliant with the laws of labor risks preventions, in danger
signaling, because through the PDCE LPS installation go low tension
currents and thus it is not necessary to signal electric danger.

They are not compliant with the laws of labor risk prevention, in terms
of danger signaling, as the installation of a conventional system is a
high voltage installation, because in a storm phase, they are designed
to attract lightning and if it strikes, through the LPS, go HIGH
VOLTAGE currents, and thus needs to be consequently signaled.

 Does not generate Electromagnetic Compatibility effects.

It is the biggest generator of electromagnetic pulses and moreover, of


a very high energy and therefore, very dangerous.

 The earth connection is compatible with low tension earths and


thus, it can by connected to the installation grounding, as long as it is
lower than 10 ohms.

The ground connection is incompatible with the low voltage grounds,


because it is a high voltage installation and thus, cannot be connected
to the earth of the installation. It needs to be independent from it.

 Minimizes the installation shutdowns caused by direct lightning


effects. Reduces the journey and material costs due to lightning
breakages. Optimizes the electrical supply and the reliability in the
information and the critical data.

Increases the technical shutdowns due to the indirect effects of


lightning. Increases the costs of journeys and materials due to
breakages caused by lightning. Reduces the effectiveness of the
electrical supply and of the information and the critical data.

 It does not generate crystallization of the ground and neither electrolytic


currents.
 It does not contain electronic or radioactive components.

Generates severe crystallization of the ground and electrolytic currents.


Generates severe crystalization of the ground and the priming ones
have electronic components. Currently they do not have radioactive
components.

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PRODUCT
2.4. Regulations and specifications
CE LABELING:
Directives 2001/95/EC (Product Security).
Directives 92/31/EEC (Electromagnetic Compatibility).
Directives 73/23/EEC (Low Voltage Equipment).
NREGULATIONS under which the PDCE IS CERTIFIED
BY BUREAU VERITAS WITH CERTIFICATE NUMBER:NO.
ES036861
. UNE-EN (IEC) 62305: 2012 lightning protection: parts 1
(general principles), 2 (risk evaluation) and 3 (physical
damage to structures and human risk).
. CTE (TECHNICAL BUILDING CODE) SU8, security against
the risk caused by the action of lightning)
. NFPA 780:2008
. NBR 5419:2005
. NTC 4552:2004

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APPLICABLE LABOR RISKS PREVENTION AND


SECURITY LAWS:
The PDCE technology lightning rods are LPS that
satisfy the minimum requirements for the health and
safety protection of workers against the electric risk
caused by lightning, according to Royal Decree
614/2001 of June 8th.
NATO CERTIFICATE
The PDCE, in the concept of Lightning Protection
System and Electromagnetic Protector has been
homologated officially by NATO.
The PDCE is part of the NATO Cataloguing System
(NCS), by which it is guaranteed that one article in
known within the logistics of the user nations of the
system (currently 28 countries belong to NATO), for a
same and unique denomination and a same and unique
NATO Catalogue Number (NCN), being the NATO
code of the PDCE: NCAGE: SUM83
QUALITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS:
Quality Management System according to international
standards ISO 9001:2008, certified by BUREAU
VERITAS, approved by ENAC and UKAS applied to:
design, commercialization, management, set up and
assembling of the deionizer lightning rod of electrostatic
load and intelligent ground.

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PRODUCT
2.5. PDCE Technical Specifications
COVERAGE RADIUS AGAINST LIGHTNING STRIKES
It is guaranteed the protection against lightning strike in the
structure where the PDCE is installed. Its location determines
the radius and protected area where lightning will not appear in
a 99% of the time, with a 100% efficiency. These conditions will
be certified an guaranteed, as long as the manual requisites
are respected and in its protection radius there are other
potentially ionizing structures, of equal or higher height to the
protected one. In this last scenario, the protection radius will be
up to where this potential structure of equal or higher height,
which will need to be protected to guarantee the coverage
radius. The range of the protection of each PDCE model, has
been determined by the application of the THEORETICAL
MODEL OF THE ROLLING SPHERE, page 40, point A4 of the
standard UNE-EN-IEC 62305 (PART I).
MAXIMUM WORKING TENSION OF THE PDCE OF PDCE
TECHNOLOGY WITHOUT LIGHTNING
640,000 volts at one meter, according to the high voltage
laboratory tests in the LABORATOIRE DE GNIE
ELECTRIQUE of the PAU University (France), Scientific
Research University.

CERTIFICATION OF BEHAVIOR VERIFICATION OF THE


PDCE TECHNOLOGY IN SHORT CIRCUIT OF 100KA
10/350 s according to the requisites of the standard
UNE-EN-IEC 62305

In order to verify the extreme behavior of the PDCE in the


event of internal short circuit (1%), the equipment is tested
under simulation conditions of internal short circuit with a step
current of 100,000 A, according to the regulation of the electro
technical official central laboratory (L.C.O.E.) of the Spanish
Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Commerce. With this test
we demonstrate also, the behavior of the material the PDCE
is made with, and the mechanical security in extreme cases
(indirect effects by external induced over tensions in case of
lightning strike (1%)).
The PDCE goes through a series of short circuit tests , with 4
very quick consecutive downloads, of 100,000 A each. We
verify that there is no mechanical damage after the first 2
tests, and in the last 2 only suffers breakage of the isolation
part (PVC), keeping its mechanical and functional integrity.
APPLICATIONS
The PDCE technology is composed by 3 different models.
Each PDCE MODEL, is designed with the same objective of
effectiveness, prevention and protection against lightning. Its
difference is in its size and weight, that modify its working
capacity and protection radius. Being possible to adjust and
enlarge the coverage areas to adapt to the protection needs
of the structures and the area. We can protect any type of
structure except wind turbines. For further information check
point 16 in the PDCE Instruction Manual.

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6. COMPOSITION MATERIALS AND PARTS:


PARTS

MATERIAL

ELECTRICAL
CHARACTERISTICS

DESCRIPTION

Upper electrode

Upper hemisphere

Aluminum
PVC

Electrical insulator

Nipple

Aluminum

Lower electrode with electric


and mechanical connection

Lower hemisphere with main


axis and mast adapter

7. WEIGHT AND EXTERNAL MEASURES OF THE PDCE MODELS


MEASURES

PDCE-SERTEC

Height mm

377,6

Width mm

241,7

Weight kg

7,222

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PRODUCT
2.6. PDCE INSTALLATION GUIDE
1. INSTALLATION OF THE CONDUCTOR DOWNSPOUT.
When possible, the downspout of the conductor cable that
connects the PDCE with the ground will be as direct as
possible. The connection cables of the equipotential masses
will be connected to it along its path. The cable will have a
minimum section of 50 mm and its path will be secured by
adequate flanges or staples. In all the cases, it will be avoided
to create curves with inferior radius to 20 cms. When possible,
it will be guaranteed that the cable path is always descendent
from the PDCE to the ground in one single path, without
making ascensions, keeping as much as possible vertical
course. In the event that the cable is exposed to possible
breakage due to vandalism or passing vehicles it will need to
be protected with a metal pipe for its mechanical protection. In
other circumstances where the structures to be protected are
perfect electric conductors with a superior section than the
conductor cable, the structure itself can be used as electric
conductor, signaling it as a LPS cable. In this case, a cable will
be connected directly from the PDCE to the structure in its
highest part, at the height of the mast, and another cable in the
low part from the structure to the sacrifice electrodes.

ELECTRIC
VALIDATION
OF
THE
CONDUCTOR
DOWNSPOUT:
Once the electric installation is done, in any of the
configuration scenarios, we will check the electric continuity to
validate that the PDCE and the ground are electrically
connected, and that the electric measure of the cable that
connects them it is not higher to zero ohms of resistance
between them.
2. CONSTRUCTION OF THE EARTH SYSTEM.
Given that the resistance in ohms of the different land types,
can vary considerably during the year because of
meteorological changes, we will always search the best
location and as close as possible to the lightning rod vertical,
and if possible in a humid area. In all the cases, at least, it will
be used a total surface of electrodes in contact with the land,
equal or superior to 1 m. The electrodes to build the ground
can have the form of a javelin or metal plaques, made of
copper, aluminum or zinc.
IMPORTANT: In no case stainless steel electrodes will be
used, and neither will be serially connected to the ground
filters or inductances that can slow the flow of currents in the
ground cable or polarize it.

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ELECTRIC VALIDATION OF THE GROUND


Once the ground has been built, we will measure its resistance
in ohms, referenced to the land, to achieve a value equal or
lower to 10 ohms in the set of the ground connected to the
electric installation and the equipotential. If we do not achieve
this value, we will place more electrodes and we will
incorporate a humidity record in the land all year, by means of
an irrigation drip. Complementarily we can enrich the set of the
land/ground with mineral salts.
3. PERIMETER AND EQUIPOTENTIAL CABLE
In order to avoid that the dangerous step currents affect directly
to individuals, outside of the protected structure during a storm,
it is recommended to make a ring of grounds in the perimeter
of the area where exists the possibility of movement of
individuals. The objective is assuring the electric security of
individuals in the event of lightning strike outside the protection
perimeter, minimizing the effects of possible currents that can
appear through the land near our protected structure. This is
achieved by combining the ground perimeter ring that makes a
screen effect, with the equipotential connection of the metal
elements that are near the ring and inside of it, in order to
reference them all to a ground plane, like could be: fences,
garage gates, lampposts, swings, water fountains, aerials, etc.

For doing so, a ditch in the ground will be made, where the
bare copper cable will be buried, of at least 35 mm section, and
at a minimum depth of 25 cm and maximum of 50 cms. This
bare copper cable will be referenced to ground by the
connection of the cable to pickaxes of 1.5 m long that will be
stuck in the ground within the ditch, and separated between
them every 10 meters. To this perimeter cable, all the metallic
masses will be connected electrically by unions of bare copper
cable unions of section not inferior to 2.5mm and not superior
to 50mm. With the same objective of achieving a harmonized
equipotential with the masses and the electrical equipment, all
the existing electrical grounds, new or old, will be connected to
the PDCE ground, guaranteeing then the same value in ohms
in any point of the installation. All the mechanical and electrical
connections will be made in a PVC or cement box, with the
objective of revising its corrosion during maintenance. In the
case of lands where pickaxes cannot be stuck, the javelins will
be cut in 50 cms chunks, reducing then the separation distance
between pickaxes in equidistant measures within the 10
meters. In case of impossibility of placing pickaxes, the
perimeters will be doubled with copper cable as many times as
needed to lower the resistance of the land. As a
complementary technical guide to this installation manual,
related with the electrical grounding, the more strict REBT
references by each country can be taken.

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PERIMETER
VALIDATION:

AND

EQUIPOTENTIAL

ELECTRICAL

Once the installation of the perimeter and equipotential cables


is finished, the installation will be validated verifying the
electrical continuity in ohms between the metal elements and
the grounding, being in each step the resistance value 0 ohms.
Ultimately, the electrical continuity will be verified between the
further mass point and the tip of the lightning rod.
4. MOUNTING OF THE PDCE TECHNOLOGY PDCE
LIGHTNING ROD
Once the copper cable of the LPS has been placed in its entire
outline and the mast supports are in their correct position, we
have to mechanize the mast previously with the mounting hole
before placing the PDCE.
MECHANICAL CONNECTION TO THE MAST
a) Once the adequate height has been decided and the mast
with interior section of 42 mm (49 mm exterior), to place
the PDCE, we will need to make a trough hole in the mast to
guarantee the support and the mechanical union between the
PDCE and the mast.
b) Drill the mast with a through hole of 8 mm and 35 mm
from the mast border.

c) Once the hole has been made, we will proceed with the preparation of the
copper cable for the electrical connection of the PDCE to the mast.

1-Place the terminal in the copper cable and tighten it with a


mechanical jaw.
2-Pass the copper cable inside the mast from the lower part to excel 1
meter from the upper part of the mast
3-Loosen the two Allen screws.
4-Insert the cable through the connection terminal of the PDCE until it
hits the bottom.
5-Tighten the Allen screws and verify that they are correctly tightened
and that the cable is not released.
6-Place a retractable cover (not supplied), covering the Allen screws
and heat it until it is properly sealed to avoid humidity going in. Finish
sealing with silicone or Vaseline fat to avoid chemical reaction with the
air.
7-Insert the PDCE in the mast, place the through screw and tighten.

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ELECTRICAL CONNECTION FOR THE GROUND


CABLE
a) In the bottom part of the PDCE the axis itself ends in
the form of terminal for the connection of the
grounding cable of 35 or 50 mm . It is compulsory
to place a connection terminal at the ground cable to
assure the mechanical and electrical connection
inside the PDCE terminal.
b) In order to guarantee the electrical continuity of the
lightning rod to the ground, two Allen screws are
provided to mechanically assure the electrical
connection between the ground cable and the PDCE
lightning rod. To guarantee that no oxidations
occurs, it is advisable to flood the connection with
Vaseline, once the electrical connection has been
made

ELECTRICAL CONTINUITY VALIDATION


LIGHTNING ROD/GROUNDING

OF

THE

SET

To validate the electrical continuity of the LPS with PDCE of


PDCE technology, once the mast has been placed, its electrical
continuity will be verified from the ground to the lower part of the
PDCE head. For this test, a meter of electrical continuity will be
used and it will be verified that the resistance between the two
points, ground/lightning rod, is zero ohms, (0 ). If the
measurement is correct, the mast can be placed in its definitive
position.
VALIDATION OF THE HEIGHT OF THE PDCE LIGHTNING
ROD
To validate the height of the lightning rod, it will be verified that
the total height of the head of the lightning rod surpasses 2
meters over any other element of the structure. Once revised, a
picture of the set mast/PDCE/structure will be taken where the
finished work and the environment can be appreciated. This
procedure is essential to sending it with the commissioning
record.

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IMPORTANT DOCUMENTATION
INTERNAL PROTECTION ACCORDING TO UNE-EN (IEC) 62305:2012, PART 4 STANDARDS.
As a complementary LPS protection, it is recommended to make an internal protection composed by different fine, medium
and powerful electronic protection technologies. The internal protection is installed in order to void possible sparks as well
as the destruction of electrical equipment inside of the protected area, caused by the effects of indirect over tensions,
generated by inductions and coupling when lightning strikes near the installation protected with the PDCE LIGHTNING
ROD WITH PDCE TECHNOLOGY.
For its effect of prevention and protection, there will be placed an electronic barrier of over tension protectors, generally not
higher than 50kA, in the general electrical panel, and the discharger will be connected by a ground cable, with a cover, to
an independent ground to the other ground systems or equipotentials. This ground, will only be used to discharge the
residual over tensions of the lightning coming from the network. Its resistance value in ohms will need to be lower than 10
in the worst climate conditions. When possible, the technology to be used as a discharger will have to be a GAS, and not
made of semiconductor electronic components.

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COMPLEMENTARY NOTES ON THE PROTECTION AGAINST


LATERAL LIGHTNING STRIKES IN STRUCTURESS OVER
100 M HIGH.
To protect against lightning, in the structures higher tan 100
meters, complementary levels of protection will be created every
100 meters. In this type of structures, the set of external LPS will
be formed by equipment placed in the upper part of the structure
and equipment placed every 100 meters of height placed on the
perimeter of the structure. The lateral equipment will be arranged
in every corner as a basic distribution, and there will be as many
equipment in lineal form to the perimeter, according to the
distances of connection of the radius of lineal protection, in a way
that the lateral equipment, can be seen between them and their
protection radius are overlapped 10 meters each one, i.e. for the
PDCE-100 model, the maximum distance between them will be
180 meters.
The equipment will be placed in brackets adapted to the structure
and separated of it by 50 cm with a vertical inclination degree of
5%, in a way that it is inclined outwards of the structure.
Electrically all the PDCE lightning rods will be connected by a
perimeter cable at every level of lateral protection and, every set
of perimeter rings will be connected to the upper PDCE and to the
earth system by at least 2 copper cables of 50 mm of section.
This configuration of the LPS is made to guarantee the
equipotential union of all the equipment referenced to earth. The
earth value for these type of high altitude protections needs to
have a maximum value of 5 ohms. For the design of protection of
22
structures
of altitude higher than 500 meters and of irregular and
singular architectural forms, contact the manufacturer.

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INSTALLATIONS
3.1. AIRPORTS: Approach Radar Systems

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3.2. Telecommunication Tower

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3.3. Buddha in Japan

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3.4. Copper Mines in Chile

28

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3.5. Panama Channel

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3.5. Panama Channel

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3.6. Petrol Station

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3.6. Petrol Station

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3.7. Petrochemical

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3.7. Petrochemical

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3.7. Petrochemical

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3.7. Petrochemical

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DISTRIBUTORS

Technological Differences between PDCE and Franklin Standard Lightning Rod


Franklin conventional lightning
Doesnt excite or capture lightning

Attracts or captures lightning

Protects against all types of structure fire

Increased risk of fire or explosion

Doesnt generate over-voltages

Generates over-voltages

Doesnt pose electrical hazards

Create high voltage electrical hazards

Aids in the prevention of occupational hazards

Does not meet occupational risk prevention

It meets the basic requirement of the Technical


Building Code

Does not meet the basic requirements of the


Technical Building Code

Meets Low Voltage Electrotechnical Regulations

Does not meet Low Voltage Electrotechnical

Doesnt generates effects of electromagnetic


compatibility

Generates effects of electromagnetic compatibility

The ground connection is compatible with electrical


grounding of low voltage according to REBT.

The ground connection is NOT compatible with


electrical grounding of low voltage in the REBT.

Not radioactive and is manufactured according


To RoHS

Some are radioactive

Environmentally friendly

Indirectly generates electromagnetic pollution

The product is certified by Bureau Veritas

The product can not be certified, for not fulfilling


the objective of protecting

The price is VERY competitive in relation to security

The price is NOT competitive in relation to security

Manufactured with warranty against defect

No warranty of protection

Electrostatic De-ionisation Device


(EDD)

William Burry F. Gella


Managing Director, G&C Phil-Ital Trade, Inc.
+639228991764,+639193886600
+639054822769,+6323464995
wgella@gmail.com