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International Journal of Scientific Research Engineering & Technology (IJSRET), ISSN 2278 0882

Volume 3, Issue 8, November 2014

1182

REVIEWED OF NOISE CONTROL IN IC ENGINE


Abdul Rehman1, Surya Yadav2, Aman saxena3,
123

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Invertis University, Bareilly

Abstract: Noise control is becoming increasingly


important for a wide variety of OEM designers. Examples
of products that take noise control considerations into
account during their design cycles include equipment such
as computer hard drives, house appliances, material
handling and transportation equipment etc. In the
transportation market, which includes aircraft, ground and
marine segments, the demand is for low noise level goals.
Achieving these goals is of primary importance for OEM
to be continue to be competitive or to keep a given
supremacy in the market. The automotive industry has
been a leader in the adsorption of noise control
technologies. Methods in use for several years for the
prediction of interior noise levels include finite element
method(FEM), statistical energy analysis (SEA) boundary
element analysis (BEA) etc. The internal combustion
engine has mechanized the world. Since the early 1900s it
has been our prime source of mechanical power. The vast
number of internal combustion engines in the world today
has resulted in air pollution, noise pollution etc.
Keywords: OEM, Longitudinal waves, Engine surface
radiated noise.
1-INTRODUCTION
Industrialization, together with the needs of our modern
society for various machines for Human comfort, fast
travel and appliances for routine jobs in homes and
offices, has led to increase in the levels of noise pollution
almost everywhere. The harmful effects of noiseare wellknown. Exposure to high noise levels can cause hearing
loss. Noise can also resultin other ill affects such as
general annoyance, loss of sleep, headache, stress,
constriction ofblood vessels and deterioration in work
performance. Thus it is important to reduce noiselevels as
much as possible. Various techniques for noise control are
available, and it isadvisable to consider noise control
methods at the design stage itself. Some noise
controlmeasures that can be adopted by the designer at the
design stage are described in thisarticle. In many situations
the methods described can also be applied at the
developmentstage or even later to control noise levels.

1.1DEFINITIONS OF SOUND
Sound can be defined as the perception of vibrations
stimulating the ear. If scientifically taken into account,
sound is a periodic disturbance in fluids density or in the
elastic strain of a solid, generated by vibrating objects.
These waves or vibrations propagate in two basic ways.
1.
Longitudinal waves.
2.
Transverse waves
2-NOISE SOURCE
There has been a direct relationship between the
improvement in mans physical standard of living and the
degree of his development of machines. The industrial
revolution was really a series of social and industrial
transformations, beginning in England with the use of coal
in place of charcoal for the smelting of iron, progressing
through the stages of steam engines and electric motors
and all the producing and processing made possible by
these devices. of the age of gasoline, sea and air for
various types of transportation. For that matter, sweeping
mechanical progress witness automation and the
utilization of nuclear energy; but with every new machine,
a little noise is created, with every mechanism employed
to do mans work, some mechanical or electrical power is
converted into acoustical power, so that with the rise of
peoples standard of living there occurs also a rise in the
noise level of peoples confines.
3-CLASSIFICATION

BY

NOISE

CHARACTERISTICS
One typical engine noise classification technique separates
the aerodynamic noise, combustion noise and mechanical
noise.
1. AERODYNAMIC NOISE
2. COMBUSTION NOISE
3 MECHANICAL NOISE
AERODYNAMIC NOISE-aerodynamic noise includes
exhaust gas and intake air noise as well as noise generated
by cooling fans, auxillary fans or any other air flow.

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International Journal of Scientific Research Engineering & Technology (IJSRET), ISSN 2278 0882
Volume 3, Issue 8, November 2014

1183

COMBUSTION NOISE- combustion noise refers to


noise generated by the vibrating surfaces of the engine
structure, engine components and engine accessories after
excitation by combustion forces.
MECHANICAL NOISE-mechanical noise refers to noise
generated by the vibrating surfaces of the engine
components and engine accessories after excitation by
reciprocating or rotating engine components.
4-CLASSIFICATION

BY

ENGINE

NOISE

SOURCES
Figure.2
A second approach to the classification of piston engine
noise involves the separation of engine noise into the
following categories
1. Exhaust system noise
2. Intake system noise
3. Cooling system noise
4. Engine surface radiated noise
5-NOISE EVALUATION DURING ACTUAL

RUNNING

REMEDIAL MEASURES
1,
Stop it at the source
Improving the engineering in many noisy objects
has cut noise nearly by 30 decibels (i.e. snow
mobiles)
Government has set up regulations to
manufacturers such as GM and Mack truck to
reduce vibration in heavy gears, axles and
transmissions.
Reducing sound at the sources by an average of 10
decibel cuts soundness in half.
2.
Substitution of mechanical power generation
and transmission equipment
- Electric motors for internal combustion engines or gas
turbines;
- Belts or hydraulic power transmissions for gear boxes;

Figure.1

6-FEDERAL
PROGRAMMES

NOISE

CONTROL

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT


(OSHA):
OSHA was enacted in 1970 in an effort to ensure safer
conditions for all workers. The act OSHA specifies the
maximum noise level that a worker may be subjected to
during a workday. The OSHA standard is based on a max:
allowable steady-state level of 90dBA for an 8-hr day.
When noise level exceeds 90dBA, the permissible
duration of noise exposure is reduced.

7-CONCLUSION
Interest in noise and its reduction pass become wide
spread in many industrial advanced countries. Noise
standards and legislations exist in such countries for
protecting urban residents and industrial workers form
hazards caused by excessive noise levels. It is high time
that we also start thinking of such steps before the noise
problem become too large and unwieldy. In meanwhile, as
engineers we should try to control noise to the extent
possible by properly designing machines and appliances
by suitably locating machines and office spaces in
industry by judicial location of residential areas and high
ways by using proper noise control methods to reduce
existing noise problems.

REFERENCES
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and experiences, Werner Fuchs, Klaus-Peter
Schickel, Volume 34, Issues 14, 20 June
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International Journal of Scientific Research Engineering & Technology (IJSRET), ISSN 2278 0882
Volume 3, Issue 8, November 2014

2-A
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