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CIVIL PROCEDURE

JURISDICTION OF PHILIPPINE COURTS


MeTC, MTC, MCTC, MuTC
Original Jurisdiction (OJ)
A.Civil
(1) Exclusive (EOJ)
o Actions involving personal property valued at not more than 300K/400K
o Actions demanding sum of money not exceeding 300K/400K
Includes admiralty & maritime cases
o Probate proceedings where gross value of estate does not exceed 300K/400K
o Actions involving title/possession of real property where assessed value
does not exceed 20K/50K
o Provisional remedies in principal actions within their jurisdiction
o Summary Procedure
Forcible entry and unlawful detainer
Irrespective of amount of damages or unpaid rentals sought to be recovered
Other cases where total of the claim does not exceed 100K/200K
o Inclusion and exclusion of voters
(2) Delegated
o Cadastral and land registration cases
No controversy or opposition, and
Contested lots valued at more than 100K (3) Special
o Petition for Habeas Corpus
In the absence of all RTC judges
B.Criminal
(1) Exclusive
o Summary Procedure
Violations of traffic laws, rules and regulations
Violations of rental law
Violations of city/municipal ordinances committed w/in territorial
jurisdiction
Offenses punishable with imprisonment of not more than 6 months, or a
fine not
exceeding 1K, or both
Regardless of other impossible accessory or other penalties and civil
liability arising therefrom
Offenses involving damage to property through criminal negligence where
imposable fine does not exceed 10K
o Offenses punishable with imprisonment of not more than 6 years
Manol R. Sala

SWU School of Law

Irrespective of fine
Regardless of other impossible accessory or other penalties and civil liability
arising therefrom
Have EOJ over Offenses involving damage to property through criminal
negligence
o Offenses
not
falling
within
EOJ
of Sandiganbayan
None of the accused is occupying a position corresponding to salary
grade 27 and higher
o Only penalty provided by law is a fine not exceeding 4K
(2) Special
o Applications for bail
In the absence of all RTC judges
or other penalties and civil liability arising therefrom
Have EOJ over Offenses involving damage to property through criminal
negligence
o Offense not falling within EOJ of Sandiganbayan
None of the accused is occupying a position corresponding to salary
grade 27 and higher
o Only penalty provided by law is a fine not exceeding 4K
(2) Special
o Applications for bail
In the absence of all RTC judges

REGIONAL TRIAL COURT


Original Jurisdiction
A.Civil
(1) Exclusive
o Other cases where demand or value of property in controversy exceeds
300K/400K
o Actions in admiralty & maritime jurisdiction where demand/claim exceeds
300K/400K
o Probate proceedings where gross value of estate exceeds 300K/400K
o Actions involving title/possession of real property where assessed value
exceeds
20K/50K
o Actions not capable of pecuniary estimation
o Cases not falling within EJ of any court,
tribunal, person or body exercising judicial or
quasi-judicial functions
o Under Securities & Regulation Code
Devices or schemes employed by the board of directors, business associates,
its officers
or partnership, amounting to fraud or misrepresentation
Manol R. Sala

SWU School of Law

Controversies arising out of intra-corporate partnership relations


Controversies in the election or appointment of directors, trustees, officers, or
managers of such corporation, partnership or association
Petition to be declared in a state of suspension of payments
o Application for issuance of writ of search and seizure in civil actions for
infringement of intellectual property
o Violations of Anti-Money Laundering Act
B.Criminal
(1) Exclusive
o Not within the EJ of any court, tribunal, or body
Offenses punishable with imprisonment of more than 6 years
Irrespective of fine
Offenses not falling within EOJ of Sandiganbayan
None of the accused is occupying a position corresponding to salary
grade 27 and higher
o Only penalty provided by law is a fine exceeding 4K
o Jurisdiction to impose the maximum and most serious penalty imposable for
an offense forming part of the complex crime
REGIONAL TRIAL COURT
Concurrent (in civil actions)
(1) With SC
o Actions affecting ambassadors & other public ministers and consuls
(2) With SC and CA
o Petitions for habeas corpus and quo warranto
(3) With SC, CA and Sandiganbayan:
o Petitions for writ of amparo and habeas data
o Petitions under Rule 65
(4) With MeTC, MTC, MCTC
o Application for Protection Order
(5) With Insurance Commission
o Claims not exceeding 100K
REGIONAL TRIAL COURT
Appellate Jurisdiction
All cases decided by lower courts in their respective territorial jurisdiction.

COURT OF APPEALS
Original Jurisdiction
A.Exclusive
(1) Annulment of judgments of RTC
(2) Petitions under Rule 65 involving an act or omission of a quasi-judicial agency
Manol R. Sala

SWU School of Law

COURT OF APPEALS
B.Concurrent
(1) With SC
o Petitions under Rule 65 against CSC
o Petitions under Rule 65 against NLRC
(2) With SC and RTC
o Petitions for habeas corpus and quo warranto
Actions brought to prevent and restrain violation of laws concerning
monopolies and
combinations in restraint of trade
(3) With SC, RTC and Sandiganbayan
o Petitions under Rule 65 relating to an act or omission of a MTC, or of a
corporation, board, officer or person
o Petitions for writ of amparo and habeas data
COURT OF APPEALS
Appellate Jurisdiction
A.Ordinary Appeal
o From RTC
In its exercise of OJ
On constitutional, tax, jurisdictional questions involving questions of facts
which should be appealed first to CA
Penalty imposed is reclusion perpetua or life imprisonment
Lesser penalty is imposed for offenses committed on the same occasion or
which arose out of the same occurrence that gave rise to the more severe
offense for which
imposed penalty is reclusion perpetua or life imprisonment
o From Family Courts
o From MeTC, MTC, MCTC
Land registration and cadastral cases
B.Petition for Review
o From CSC
o From RTC
In cases appealed from MeTC and MCTC,
which are not a matter of right
o From quasi-judicial agencies
o From NCIP
o From Ombudsman
In administrative disciplinary cases
C.Petition for Certiorari
o Against NLRC
Manol R. Sala

SWU School of Law

D. Automatic Review
o RTC imposed the death penalty

SUPREME COURT
Original Jurisdiction
A.Exclusive
Petitions under Rule 65 against:
o CA
o COMELEC
o COA
o Sandiganbayan
o CTA en banc
o Ombudsman in criminal and non-administrative
disciplinary cases
SUPREME COURT
B.Concurrent
(1) With CA
o Petitions under Rule 65 against CSC
o Petitions under Rule 65 against NLRC
(2) With CA and RTC
o Petitions for habeas corpus and quo warranto
o Actions brought to prevent and restrain violation of laws concerning
monopolies and
combinations in restraint of trade
(3) With CA, RTC and Sandiganbayan
o Petitions under Rule 65 relating to an act or omission of a MTC, or of a
corporation, board, officer or person
o Petitions for writ of amparo and habeas data
(4) With RTC
Manol R. Sala

SWU School of Law

o Actions affecting ambassadors & other public ministers and consuls


(5) With MTC
o Petition for quo warranto insofar as barangay officials are concerned
SUPREME COURT
Appellate Jurisdiction
A.Ordinary Appeal
From CA, in all cases involving offenses for which:
o Penalty imposed is reclusion perpetua or life imprisonment, or
o Lesser penalty is imposed for offenses committed on the same
occasion or which arose out of the same occurrence that gave rise to the more
severe offense for which the penalty of
death is imposed
B.Petition for Review on Certiorari
o From CA
o From Sandiganbayan on pure questions of law
o From judgments or final orders of RTC (OJ)
Constitutionality or validity of any treaty,
international or executive agreement, law, presidential decree, proclamation,
order, instruction, ordinance or regulation is in question
Legality of any tax, impost, assessment or toll, or any penalty imposed in
relation thereto
Jurisdiction of lower court is in issue
Only error or question of law is involved
o From CTA
C.Petition for Certiorari
o Against COMELEC and COA

Manol R. Sala

SWU School of Law