Sie sind auf Seite 1von 6

Time 3.

5 hrs

Test on Surface chemistry

Multiple Choice Questions (1 marks each)


1. Which of the following process does not occur at the interface of phases?
(i) crystallisation
(ii) heterogenous catalysis
(iii) homogeneous catalysis
(iv) corrosion
2. At the equilibrium position in the process of adsorption ___________.
(i) H > 0
(ii) H = TS
(iii) H > TS
(iv) H < TS
3. Which of the following interface cannot be obtained?
(i) liquid-liquid
(ii) solid-liquid
(iii) liquid-gas
(iv) gas-gas
4. Extent of physisorption of a gas increases with ___________.
(i) increase in temperature.
(ii) decrease in temperature.
(iii) decrease in surface area of adsorbent.
(iv) decrease in strength of van der Waals forces.
5. Extent of adsorption of adsorbate from solution phase increases with
________.
(i) increase in amount of adsorbate in solution.
(ii) decrease in surface area of adsorbent.
(iii) increase in temperature of solution.
(iv) decrease in amount of adsorbate in solution.
6. Which of the following is not a favourable condition for physical adsorption?
(i) high pressure

Time 3.5 hrs

(ii) negative H
(iii) higher critical temperature of adsorbate
(iv) high temperature
7. Physical adsorption of a gaseous species may change to chemical adsorption
with ______________.
(i) decrease in temperature
(ii) increase in temperature
(iii) increase in surface area of adsorbent
(iv) decrease in surface area of adsorbent
8. In physisorption adsorbent does not show specificity for any particular gas
because ______________.
(i) involved van der Waals forces are universal.
(ii) gases involved behave like ideal gases.
(iii) enthalpy of adsorption is low.
(iv) it is a reversible process.
9. Which of the following is an example of absorption?
(i) Water on silica gel
(ii) Water on calcium chloride
(iii) Hydrogen on finely divided nickel
(iv) Oxygen on metal surface
10.At high concentration of soap in water, soap behaves as ____________.
(i) molecular colloid
(ii) associated colloid
(iii) macromolecular colloid
(iv) lyophilic colloid

11.Which of the following will show Tyndall effect?


(i) Aqueous solution of soap below critical micelle concentration.
(ii) Aqueous solution of soap above critical micelle concentration.
(iii) Aqueous solution of sodium chloride.
(iv) Aqueous solution of sugar.
12.Method by which lyophobic sol can be protected.

Time 3.5 hrs

(i) By addition of oppositely charged sol.


(ii) By addition of an electrolyte.
(iii) By addition of lyophilic sol.
(iv) By boiling.
13.Freshly prepared precipitate sometimes gets converted to colloidal solution
by ___________.
(i) coagulation
(ii) electrolysis
(iii) diffusion
(iv) peptisation
14.Which of the following electrolytes will have maximum coagulating value for
AgI/Ag+ sol?
(i) Na2S
(ii) Na3PO4
(iii) Na2SO4
(iv) NaCl
15.Which of the following process is responsible for the formation of delta at
a place where rivers meet the sea?
(i) Emulsification
(ii) Colloid formation
(iii) Coagulation
(iv) Peptisation

Time 3.5 hrs

Short Answer Type Questions


1. Why is it important to have clean surface in surface studies? [2]
2. Why is chemisorption referred to as activated adsorption?
[2]
3. What type of solutions are formed on dissolving different concentrations of
soap in water? [2]
4. What happens when gelatin is mixed with gold sol? [2]
5. How does it become possible to cause artificial rain by spraying silver iodide
on the clouds? [2]
6. Gelatin which is a peptide is added in icecreams. What can be its role? [2]
7. Why do we add alum to purify water? [2]
8. What happens when electric field is applied to colloidal solution? [2]
9. What causes brownian motion in colloidal dispersion? [2]
10.A colloid is formed by adding FeCl3 in excess of hot water. What will happen
if excess sodium chloride is added to this colloid? [2]
11.How do emulsifying agents stabilise the emulsion? [2]
12.hy are some medicines more effective in the colloidal form? [2]
13.Why does leather get hardened after tanning? [2]
14.How does the precipitation of colloidal smoke take place in Cottrell
precipitator?[2]
15.How will you distinguish between dispersed phase and dispersion medium in
an emulsion? [3]
16.Why does bleeding stop by rubbing moist alum? [2]
17.Why is Fe(OH)3 colloid positively charged, when prepared by adding FeCl3to
hot water? [2]
18.Why do physisorption and chemisorption behave differently with rise in
temperature? [2]
19.What happens when dialysis is prolonged? [2]
20.Why does the white precipitate of silver halide become coloured in the
presence of dye eosin. [2]
21.Explain and give suitable example of micelle? [3]
22.What is the role of activated charcoal in gas mask used in coal mines? [2]
23.How does a delta form at the meeting place of sea and river water? [2]

Time 3.5 hrs

24.Give an example where physisorption changes to chemisorption with rise in


temperature. Explain the reason for change. [4]
25.How does a solid catalyst enhance the rate of combination of gaseous
molecules?
26.Do the vital functions of the body such as digestion get affected during fever?
Explain your answer.[2]
27.Diffrentiate between Adsorption and desorption ? [1]
28.Write the four differences between physisorption and chemisorption? [2]
29.Adsorption is an exothermic process . Explain. [2]
30. (a) Which gas is adsorbed more readily on charcoal lump: ammonia or
carbon dioxide and why ?
(b) Which adsorbs more of carbon monoxide: charcoal lump or charcoal
powder & why? [2]
31.What is adsorption isotherm? [1]
32.DH for chemisorption is high .why? [1]
33.Explain Freundlich adsorption isotherm. [2]
34.Give an equation showing variation of extent of adsorption with
concentration of a solution? [1]
35.Name the adsorbent used [3]
a) To remove coloured impurities from sugar solution.
b) In gas masks to remove chlorine.
c) To remove moisture from air.
36.Define the terms catalysis and catalyst. [2]
37. What are positive and negative catalysts? [1]
38. What do you mean by the term promoter? Give an example. [1]
39. What are homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis? Give example. [3]
40.Explain modern theory of heterogeneous catalysis. [2]
41. What is meant by activity and selectivity of a catalyst? [2]
42. What is shape selective catalysis? Give an example of shape selective
catalyst.[2]
43.Give two examples of enzyme catalyzed reaction. [2]
44.Write characteristics of enzyme catalyzed reactions. [3]
45.Explain the mechanism of enzyme catalysis. [2]

Time 3.5 hrs

46.Name some important industrial catalytic process and their catalysts. [3]
47.How do metal ions act as activators? [1]
48.What is the optimum temperature and pH for enzyme catalysed reactions? [1]
49.Give two examples of reactions catalysed by zeolites. [2]
50.What are colloids? [1]
51.What is the range of particle size in colloids? [1]
52.Give two examples of solid Sol and Gel? [1]
53.Differentiate between lyophobic and lyophillic sol? [3]
54.Colloid is a state not a substance. Explain? [1]
55.In an adsorbent experiment a graph between log (x/m) versus log P was found
to be linear with a slope of 45 degrees. The intercept on log (x/m) axis was
found to be 0.3010. Calculate the amount of the gas absorbed per gram of
charcoal under the pressure of .5 atms.
[5]
56.Give two examples of substances that form: [2]
(a) Hydrophobic sol.
(b) Hydrophilic sol.
57.Differentiate between multimolucular and macromolecular colloid? [2]
58.What are associated colloids? Give an example? [1]
59. Define the term peptization? [1]
60.Explain what you will observe when
a. Electrolyte (NaCl) is added to hydrated ferric oxide solution
b. Electric current is passed through colloidal solution
c. A beam of light is passed through solution.

[3]