Sie sind auf Seite 1von 8

P.O.

BOX 12443 JEDDAH 21473 SAUDI ARABIA


TEL : +966-2-2250065 FAX : +966-2-2250073
E-MAIL : BEMCO@BEMCOSTEEL.COM.SA WEB : WWW.BEMCOSTEEL.COM.SA

PROJECT :
DATE:

DESIGN OF FLUST-EXTENDED END PLATE CONNECTION


KING SAUD UNIVERSITY
Prep. By:

7/23/2010

Check. :

MB

Cert. :

MB

B#24- GRAND FOYER

BUILDING:
Members
1001

S.S.

Joint
500

CASE NO
8

CASE OF LOADING DESCRIPTION


D+L

DESIGN NOTES AND ASSUMPTIONS :


-All Dimensions in mm ,Forces in ton and stresses t/cm2.
-This procedure is deigned for bearing type connections only.
-The primary assumption in this approach is that the end plate must substantially yield to produce prying forces
in the bolts.Conversely,if the plate is strong enough,no prying action occurs and the bolts are loaded in direct tension
This simplified assumption allows the designer to directly optimize either the bolt diameter or end-plate thickness
as desired.
-The threshold when prying action begins to take place in the bolts at 90% of the full strength of the plate or 0.9Mpl
If the applied load is less than this value, the end plate behaves as a thick plate and prying action can be neglected
in the bolts.Once the applied moment crosses the threshold of 0.9Mpl,the plate can be approximated as a thin plate
and maximum prying is incorporated in the bolt analysis.
-Intermediate plate behaviour is a transition from Thick to Thin behaviour and considered as a thin behaviour
during the analysis.
-The factored axial load will be converted into an equivalent moment that will be added to the factored
connection moment for axial tension.
-The width of end plate ,Which is effective in resisting the applied beam moment shall not be taken greater than
than the beam flange width plus 1 inch in the calculations.
-The beam flange to end plate weld can be designed for the required moment strength but not less than 60% of the
specified minimum yield strength of the connected beam flange.
-When the full design strength is not required, the beam web to end plate welds should be designed to develop
60% of the minimum specified yield strength of the beam web.
-Stitch bolts are sometimes used between the tension and compression flange end plate bolts especially in deep
connections. The purpose of these bolts is to reduce plate separation caused by welding distortions.Because stitch
bolts are located near center of gravity of the member,Contribution to connection strength is small and is neglected
-The purpose is to design connections Type(FR) or Type"1" which is fully restrained moment connections
-Type(1) or "FR" connections are traditionally required to carry and end moment greater than or equal to 90%
of the full fixity end moment of the beam and not rotate more than 10% of the simple span rotation.
-This procedure is based on Yield line technique to determine end plate thickness and to predict the tension forces
Considering the prying actions.
-Yield line are the continous formation of the plastic hinges along a straight or curved lines.
-Thick plate behaviour is taken place when plastic hinges is not formed in the split-tee flange and the prying force
value is equal to "zero".
-Thin plate behaviour is taken place when plastic hinges is formed in the split-tee flange and the prying force
value is not equal to "zero".
-All loads and internal forces comply with LRFD method (internal forces in ASD Could be muliplied by 1.5).
-Flush End plate connections are typically used for light loads or near moment inflection point.
-All Shear Forces assumed to be resisted by compression bolts
-Bolts in tension may be tightened to 70% of the bolt tensile strength or could be snug tightened (for Bolts A325 Only)
-This spreadsheet is designed to check the connection strength for the following limit states :
-Connection Strength Based on End plate Yielding.
-Connection Strength Based on bolt rupture without prying action.
-Connection Strength Based on bolt fracture w/prying action.
-Effect of axial forces will be neglected incase the axial force is compression.

NOTATIONS
r-Load Factor to limit connection
rotation at ultimate moment
to 10% of simple span rotation
db-nominal bolt diameter
tp-End Plate Thickness
bp-End Plate Width
h-Total Beam depth
g-Bolt Gage
Y-Yield line mechanism parameter
Fyp-End plate material yield stress
s(1/2bp*g)-Distance from the innermost
bolt centerline to the innermost
yield line
Pb-distance from bolt CL to bolt CL
Ps,i-distance from the first interior bolt
centerline to the inner face of the the
stiffener in four-bolt flush connection
with stiffener inside bolt rows
de-End-plate extension beyond the
exterior bolt centerline =pext-pf,o
tf-Beam Flange Thickness
Pt-Bolt material Ultimate tensile load
capacity ,proof load = Ab x Ft
W'-bp/2-(db+1/16)
Fi'-Flange force per bolt at the thin plate
limit when calculating Qmax,I for end
plate configurations
= [tp2*Fpy*(0.85bp/2+0.8w') + db3 Ft/8]/(4Pf,i)

Qmax,i-Maximum Possible Prying force


for interior bolts
Mq-Connection strength for the limit
state of bolt fracture with prying action.
Lc-Clear distance in direction of force between
the edge of the hole and the edge of the
adjacent hole.
bf-Width of the flange beam
Iwxx-Welds moment of inertia about the
major axis of the beam

h0-distance from the compression side of the beam


to the outer bolt centerline in extended end plate connection
h1-distance from the compression side of the beam
to the farthest inner load-carrying bolt line.
h2-distance from the compression side of the beam
to the second farthest inner load-carrying bolt line.
h3-distance from the compression side of the beam
to the third farthest inner load-carrying bolt line.
h-Total depth of the beam
Mpl-Connection strength for limit state of end plate yielding
Pf,i-distance from the bolt centerline adjacent to beam tension
flange to the near face of the beam tension flange
Pf,O-distance from the outer bolt centerline to the outer face
of the beam tension flange
Ps,o-distance from the outer bolt centerline to the outer
face of the stiffener in four-bolt flush connection with
stiffener between bolt rows
Pext-End-plate extension beyond the exterior face of
the beam tension flange
Ft-Tensile strength of bolts
Ab-Nominal Bolt area
Mnp-Connection strength for the limit state of
bolt fracture with no prying action
ai-Distance from the interior bolt centerline to the
prying force = 3.682 (tp / db)^3 - 0.085
ao-Distance from the exterior bolt centerline to the
prying force = Min of (3.682 (tp / db)^3 - 0.085 , Pext-Pf,o )
d(0,1,2)-Distance from the Compression flange centerline to the
centerline of "n" bolt
Qmax,o-Maximum Possible Prying force for
exterior bolts
Tb-Specified pretension load in high strength bolts
Table J3.1,AISC(2000) or if if snugg tight,recommended
percentage of Table J3.1 based on bolt diameter
Lp-Spacing between bolt rows centerlines in compn zone
tw-Thickness OF the beam web
Mnw-Connection Strength Based on Welding to the end plate

A)DESIGN INPUT
Type of Connection

Bolts Arrangement
Stiff. Arrangement
Tension flange weld
FExx =
tp =
bp =
h=
Fyp =
Fup =
Pf or Pf,i =
Pf,o =
Pb =
Ps,i =
Pext =
No.Of bolt rows in Compn =
No.Of bolt cols in Compn =

Lp =

Extended.End.Plate
E.8
Stiffened
Fillet Weld
4.09
t/cm2
MM
10
MM
203
MM
600
t/cm2
3.52
t/cm2
5
MM
44.45
MM
63.5
MM
65
MM
31.75
MM
127
2
2
MM
60

Type of Bolt A325N


Snug Tightening
Type OF Tightening
tf =
MM
10.00
bf =
MM
200.00
tw =
MM
13.00
db =
MM
19.05
g=
MM
76.20
h0 =
MM
673.00
h1 =
MM
565.00
h2
h3
Ps,o
Ps
Mu
Tu
Sf
Sw

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

600.00
500.00
34.93
20.00
2018
0
18
4

MM
MM
MM
MM
ton.cm
ton
MM
MM

B)DESIGN PARAMATERS
r =
s=
p f ,i =
de =
ai =
ao =
F o' =
Iwxx =

d0 =
d1 =
d2 =
d3 =
Pt =
Fi' =
Tb =
Lc =

1
MM
62.19
MM
44.45
MM
63.5
CM
1.14
CM
1.14
ton
2.76
cm4
124501
Connection Behaviour

668.00
560.00
595.00
495.00
18.04
3.95
6.31
38.95

MM
MM
MM
MM
ton
ton
ton
MM
Err:520

Ft
Ab
Y
w'

=
=
=
=

Qmax,i =
Qmax,o =
Mu =
Fnv =

6.33
2.85
Err:520
8.05
6.05
6.14
2018.00
3.38

t/cm2
CM2
CM
CM
ton
ton
ton.cm
t/cm2

C)LIMITS OF APPLICABILITY
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)

25
64
70
400
152
9.5

Pf
Pb
g
h
bp
tf

127
130
178
1575
260
26

OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

D)Calculation of Connection Strength


i)Limit state of End-Plate Yielding(Mpl)
b
=
0.9
Mpl
= Fpy * tp2 * Y
=
Err:520

t.cm

Err:520
bMpl/r
=
t.cm
ii) Limit state of Bolt Rupture(Mnp) without prying action.

=
0.75
=
Mnp
= [ 2 Pt (dn) ]
8364.25 t.cm
Mnp/ Mpl =
Err:520
6273
Mnp
=
t.cm
iii) Limit state of Bolt Rupture(Mq) w/prying action
a)Case of Extended End Plate Connection

=
0.75
Mq =
[2*(Pt-Qmax,o)d0 + 2(Pt-Qmax,i) (d1 + d3) + 2Tb*d2 ]
[2*(Pt-Qmax,o)d0 + 2Tb (d1+d2+d3) ]
[2*(Pt-Qmax,o)*(d1+d3) + 2Tb (d0+d2) ]
[2Tb (d0+d1+d2+d3) ]

b)Case of Flush End Plate Connection

=
0.75
Mq =
[ 2(pt-Qmax)(d1+d2) ]
[ 2Tb(d1+d2) ]
Max

Max
Mq

Err:520

t.cm

Err:520

iv) Limit state based on shear strength of bolts

=
0.75
Rn
= * Fnv * Ab
ton
=
29
(AISC 360-05 J3-1)

iiv) Limit state based on Bearing strength at bolt holes

=
0.75
Rn
= *1.2*Lc*t*Fup*n

*2.4*d*t*Fup*n
*1.2*Lc*t*Fu*n
=
ton
70.11
*2.4*d*t*Fup*n
=
ton
68.58
Rn
=
69
iv) Limit state based on welding to end plate

=
0.75
Fw
= * 0.6 * FExx
=
1.84
Mnw = Fw * Iwxx / yw
Mnw =
t.cm
7416

Mu(t.cm)

(AISC 360-05 J3-6a)

ton

t/cm2

Connection Strength
Qu(ton)

Mnw(t.cm)

Err:520

29

7416