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E. B.

NALDOZA Engineering Design


Registered in Dublin, Ireland (with Branch Office in
Cavite, Philippines)

Project Irish Cement Ltd. - Kiln 3

Ref. No.

Cement Mill-Silos Structure


Subject Design of Steel Beam at EL 56.40

PB9729

Beam No. 192-195, 47


Calculated
Checked
Date
E. Naldoza
E. Naldoza
26/09/07

Eddie Naldoza, BSc MIES MPICE


E: eddienaldoza@engineer.com
W: www.eddienaldoza.com

Page
of

DESIGN OF SIMPLY SUPPORTED ROLLED STEEL I or H SECTION (Spreadsheet Calculation


Beam No. : 215-216

Gridlines :

(Developed by: Eddie Naldoza, BSc MIES MPICE

C-E

Limited to Plastic Section & Major Axis Bending only)

www.eddienaldoza.com)

Code / 1. Loadings : (Ultimate Loads)


Clause Maximum Moment, Mx
=
2
kN-m
3
kN
BS5950 Maximum Shear at Support,Fv =
= 700 mm
Part 1 : Total Span, L
2000 / Load factor for Imposed Loads, fi = 1.5

Point Load, P
Distance of point load from nearer support, ae

=
=

2
350

kN
mm

kN

Maximum Shear at Point Load


or at Point of Maximum Moment, Fvc

2. Member Checks :
2.1 Trial Section

127x76x13

UB

Steel Grade = S 275

From Member Capacity Tables (Blue Book)


Moment Capacity, Mc
= 0.00 kN-m
2.2 Section Properties :
D = 127.0 mm
b
B = 76.00 mm
d
t = 4.00 mm
Sx
T = 7.60 mm
Zx

=
38
mm
= 96.60 mm
=
84
cm3
=
75
cm3

r = 7.60 mm
Local Buckling Ratios :
2
E = 2.05E+05 N/mm
b/T = 5.00
Ix =
473
cm4
d/t = 24.10
ry = 18.4 mm
x = 16.3

2.3 Section Classification :


T < 16 mm
275
275
3.1.1
=
=
= 1.00 (3.5.2-Table 11 b )
py
275
Table 9 Therefore; py = 275 N/mm2
3.5.2
For Rolled Section; Outstand Element of Compression Flange Flange is Class 1 Plastic
Table 11 For Flange :
b/T ###
= ###
= x 1.0 = 9.0 ; Actual b/T = 5.00 < 9.0
Web of an I-, H- or Box Section; Neutral Axis at Mid-depth For Web :
d/t = 80 = 80 x 1.0 = 80.0 ; Actual d/t = 24.10 < 80.0
Web is Class 1 Plastic
Therefore : Section is Class 1 Plastic

4.2.3

4.2.3

2.4 Check For Shear Buckling if :


d/t > 70
70 = 70 x 1.00 = 70.0 ; Actual d/t = 24.10 < 70.0
2.5 Check For Shear Capacity : Fv or Fvc Pv
py = 275 N/mm2 ; Av = t D = 4.0 x 127.0 =
Pv = 0.6 py Av

; Pv = 0.6 x 275 N/mm2 x

508
508

No need to check for Shear Buckling

mm2

mm2 =

83820

2.6 Check For Moment Capacity : Mx Mcx


4.2.5
Check for High/Low Shear (at point of Maximum Moment, Fvm)
4.2.5.2/
Shear at point of Maximum Moment ; Fvc = 2 kN
4.2.5.3
Limiting Shear, Fve = 0.60 x Pv = 0.60 x

84

kN = 50.3 kN >

For Low Shear (for Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross-sections)


Mcx = py Sx = 275 N/mm x
84
cm = 23.2 kN-m >

4.2.5.1

2.0

kN

84 kN > 3.0 kN
; Adequate for Shear

Low Shear

kN-m ; Adequate for Flexure

2.7 Check Limit To Avoid Irreversible Deformation Under Serviceability Loads :


For simply supported beam :
Mcx 1.2 py Zx
2
cm3
Mcx = 1.2 x 275 N/mm x
75
23.2 < 24.618 kN-m ; Adequate for Flexure

E. B. NALDOZA Engineering Design


Registered in Dublin, Ireland (with Branch Office in
Cavite, Philippines)

Project Irish Cement Ltd. - Kiln 3

Ref. No.

Cement Mill-Silos Structure


Subject Design of Steel Beam at EL 56.40

PB9729

Beam No. 192-195, 47


Calculated
Checked
Date
E. Naldoza
E. Naldoza
26/09/07

Eddie Naldoza, BSc MIES MPICE


E: eddienaldoza@engineer.com
W: www.eddienaldoza.com

Page
of

DESIGN OF SIMPLY SUPPORTED ROLLED STEEL I or H SECTION (Spreadsheet Calculation


Beam No. : 215-216

Gridlines :

(Developed by: Eddie Naldoza, BSc MIES MPICE

C-E
www.eddienaldoza.com)

Limited to Plastic Section & Major Axis Bending only)

E. B. NALDOZA Engineering Design


Registered in Dublin, Ireland (with Branch Office in
Cavite, Philippines)

Project Irish Cement Ltd. - Kiln 3

Ref. No.

Cement Mill-Silos Structure


Subject Design of Steel Beam at EL 56.40

PB9729

Beam No. 192-195, 47


Calculated
Checked
Date
E. Naldoza
E. Naldoza
26/09/07

Eddie Naldoza, BSc MIES MPICE


E: eddienaldoza@engineer.com
W: www.eddienaldoza.com

Page
of

DESIGN OF SIMPLY SUPPORTED ROLLED STEEL I or H SECTION (Spreadsheet Calculation


Beam No. : 215-216

Gridlines :

(Developed by: Eddie Naldoza, BSc MIES MPICE

C-E

Limited to Plastic Section & Major Axis Bending only)

www.eddienaldoza.com)

Part 1 : 2.8 Web Bearing and Buckling Under the Point Load :

2000 /
4.5.2.1

2.8.1 Bearing capacity of the unstiffened web : P Pbw ; Pbw = (b1 + nk) t pyw

; pyw

= 275

N/mm2

= 275

N/mm2

b1 = t + 1.6r + 2T

= 31.4 mm ; n ###
= (not at the end of the member) ; k = T+r = 15.2 mm
Pbw = [ 31.4 + ###
(
x 15.2 ) ] 4.0 x 275 = 118.1 kN > 2 kN
; Therefore Bearing Capacity of the unstiffened web under the point load is adequate

4.5.3.1

2.8.2 Buckling resistance of the unstiffened web : P Px ;


Check if ; ae 0.7d ; ae is the distance from the load to the nearer end of the member

= 350 mm
350 0.7 x 96.60 ; 350 > 67.6 mm ; Therefore
25 T
25 x 1.0 x 7.6 x 118.1
Px=
Pbw ; Px=
(b
+
nk)
d
+ x 15.2 ) x 96.60
1
( 31 ###

Px = 220.33 kN
>
2
kN
; Therefore Buckling Resistance of the unstiffened web under the point load is adequate

4.5.2.1

2.9 Web Bearing and Buckling at the Support :


2.9.1 Bearing capacity of the unstiffened web : Fv Pbw ; Pbw = (b1 + nk) t pyw

; pyw

b1 = t + T + 0.8r - g

= 4.0 + 7.6 + 0.8 x 7.6 - 10 = 7.68 mm (properties of the supporting element )


be is the distance to the nearer end of the member from the end of the stiff bearing
###
;
= 0 mm
n ###
= + 0.6 x 0 / 15.2 = 2.0 ###
< ; Therefore use n = 2.0 ; k = T+r = 54.1 + 30.0 = 84.1 mm
Pbw = [ 7.7 + ( 2.0 x 15.2 ) ] 4.0 x 275 = 41.9 kN > 3.0 kN
n = 2 + 0.6be/k

; Therefore Bearing Capacity of the unstiffened web at the support is adequate


4.5.3.1

2.9.2 Buckling resistance of the unstiffened web : Fv Px ;


; ae 0.7d ; ae is the distance from the reaction to the nearer end of the member
= 25 mm
25 0.7 x 96.60 ; 25 < 67.6 mm ; Therefore
25 T
ae + 0.7d
25 x 1.0 x 7.6 x 41.9
25 + 67.6
x
Px=
Pbw ; Px=
x
+ x 84.1 ) x 96.60
1.40 x 96.60
1.4 d
(b1 + nk) d
( 7.7 ###
Px = 61.059 kN x 0.68 = 41.8 kN
> 3.0 kN

Check if

; Therefore Buckling Resistance of the unstiffened web at the support is adequate


2.5.2

2.10 Serviceabilty Limit States : Deflection Check


The serviceability Loads are taken as unfactored imposed loads. In this case, as only ultimate loads are the available data,
the unfactored imposed loads will be taken as Mc or P / f i conservatively, for simplicity; fi to be the load factor =
1.5

From Maximum Moment, Mc; wi = Unfactored Distributed Load


wi Le2
8 Mc ### x
2
kN-m
Mc = 1.5
; wi =
=
= 21.8 kN/m
2
1.5 Le
8
1.5 x 0.7 ###
m
From Point Load P; W i = Unfactored Point Load
Limits for calculated deflection (2.5.2 Table 8)
P = 1.5 W i ;
P
2.1
for : Cantilever
Wi =
=
= 1.4 kN
1.5
1.5
Allowable deflection, a
The total deflection is given by:
4
w
Le
L
Wi
Le
### i
700
e
=
+
a =
=
= 3.89 mm
384 E I
48 EI
180
180
=
=

### x 21.8 x 0.7


###
384 x 2.E+05 x
473
0.081

mm <

3.89

+
mm

1.4 x 0.7 3
48 x 2.E+05 x
473
; Adequate for deflection

Therefore : 127x76x13
is Adequate, Adopt Section

UB

E. B. NALDOZA Engineering Design


Registered in Dublin, Ireland (with Branch Office in
Cavite, Philippines)

Project Irish Cement Ltd. - Kiln 3

Ref. No.

Cement Mill-Silos Structure


Subject Design of Steel Beam at EL 56.40

PB9729

Beam No. 192-195, 47


Calculated
Checked
Date
E. Naldoza
E. Naldoza
26/09/07

Eddie Naldoza, BSc MIES MPICE


E: eddienaldoza@engineer.com
W: www.eddienaldoza.com

Page
of

DESIGN OF SIMPLY SUPPORTED ROLLED STEEL I or H SECTION (Spreadsheet Calculation


Beam No. : 215-216

Gridlines :

C-E

(Developed by: Eddie Naldoza, BSc MIES MPICE


www.eddienaldoza.com)
; Adequate
for deflection

0.081

mm <

3.89

mm

Limited to Plastic Section & Major Axis Bending only)

E. B. NALDOZA Engineering Design


Registered in Dublin, Ireland (with Branch Office in
Cavite, Philippines)

Project Irish Cement Ltd. - Kiln 3

Ref. No.

Cement Mill-Silos Structure


Subject Design of Steel Beam at EL 56.40

PB9729

Beam No. 192-195, 47


Calculated
Checked
Date
E. Naldoza
E. Naldoza
26/09/07

Eddie Naldoza, BSc MIES MPICE


E: eddienaldoza@engineer.com
W: www.eddienaldoza.com

Page
of

DESIGN OF SIMPLY SUPPORTED ROLLED STEEL I or H SECTION (Spreadsheet Calculation


Beam No. : 215-216

Gridlines :

C-E

(Developed by: Eddie Naldoza, BSc MIES MPICE

4.3.0

Limited to Plastic Section & Major Axis Bending only)

www.eddienaldoza.com)

2.11 Lateral Torsional Buckling : Mx Mb/mLT ;


Effective Length of the segment, LE

Maximum Major axis Moment


in the segment, Mx
=
4.3.6.7

=LE/ry = 700 / 18.4 =

4.3.6.8

u = 0.9

2
38

kN-m
; /x = 38.0 / 16.3 = 2.3 ; = 0.5 (Equal flange)

(for Rolled I of Equal flange-4.3.6.8)

; LT = uvw

Equivalent Slenderness

W = 1.0

;
;

B.2.1

; LT
= aLT(LT-LO)/1000
34.31 )/ 1000 = 0

= 7.0 x ( 32 -

pE = E/LT2
= x 2.05E+05 / 32
Bending Strength,

4.3.6.4

LO = 0.4 x (

Perry factor & Robertson constant

LT

pb =

= 1980
pE py
2

; LT =

LT+(LT2-pE py)

Buckling Resistance Moment;

0.5

Mb = pb Sx

v = 0.93

###

; LO = 0.4(E/py)0.5

2.05E+05 /

275 )0.5 = 34.31

275 + (

###
+ ) 1980

###

1980 x 275
1111 + ( 1111

= 280 x

(Table 19)

; aLT = 7.0

py+(LT+1)pE

(for Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact Sections-4.3.6.9)

Limiting equivalent slenderness

LT = 0.9 x 0.93 x 38.0 x 1.0 = 32


B.2.2

= 700 mm

84200

- 1980 x 275 )

= 1111

= 280

0.5

= 23.606 kN-m

Uniform Moment Factor for Lateral Torsional Buckling (General case); mLT

Table 18

4.3.6.2

Moments at quarter points

Moments at mid point

M2 =
M4 =

M3 =

kN-m

kN-m

mLT = 0.2 +

Mb
mLT

0.15M2+0.5M3+0.15M4

23.606
=
1.00

Mx
24

kN-m

>

kN-m

= 0.2 +

0.15 x

kN-m

+ 0.50 x
2

+ 0.15 x

; Therefore Buckling Resistance


Moment is Adequate

= 1.00

N/mm2

E. B. NALDOZA Engineering Design


Registered in Dublin, Ireland (with Branch Office in
Cavite, Philippines)

Project Irish Cement Ltd. - Kiln 3

Ref. No.

Cement Mill-Silos Structure


Subject Design of Steel Beam at EL 56.40

PB9729

Beam No. 192-195, 47


Calculated
Checked
Date
E. Naldoza
E. Naldoza
26/09/07

Eddie Naldoza, BSc MIES MPICE


E: eddienaldoza@engineer.com
W: www.eddienaldoza.com

Page
of

DESIGN OF SIMPLY SUPPORTED ROLLED STEEL I or H SECTION (Spreadsheet Calculation


Beam No. : 215-216

Gridlines :

(Developed by: Eddie Naldoza, BSc MIES MPICE

C-E
www.eddienaldoza.com)

Limited to Plastic Section & Major Axis Bending only)