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NAME: MOHD FAIZAL BIN SUHAIMI

ID.NUMBER: D20141066454

GROUP: D

P.NUMBER: 013-7144072

PROGRAMME: AT03 ISMP SAINS SUKAN

LEC.NAME: ENCIK ALI BIN MD NADZALAN

Examples on angular momentum (g = 9.81 m.s-2)

(1) A gymnast takes off with sufficient angular momentum to complete a somersault in

the straight position.

position into a tucked position and then straightens again before landing.

He

completes a double somersault. If the time of flight is 1.0 s, how much time is spent

in each position? The moments of inertia about the mass centre in the tucked and

straight positions are 3.0 and 9.0 kg.m2.

Iss = Itt

9s = 3t

t = 3s

completed in the straight position:

s = 1 rev/s

t = 3 rev/s

Then the time spent tucked

=1-t

2 = 1t + (1 - t)3

t = 0.5 s

(2) A diver falls from handstand position and leaves the platform when horizontal with

an angular velocity of 4 rad.s-1. The diver is of mass 60 kg, the moment of inertia

about the mass centre is 12 kg.m2, and the distance from hands to mass centre is 1.0

m. How does the angular momentum about the mass centre change during the flight

phase? If the diver completes one somersault in the straight position how high is the

diving platform?

Before

O

After

v = r

there is no torque about the mass centre in flight.

Angular velocity at release = 4 rad/s 0.64 rev/s

Required rotation = rev

Therefore flight time = 0.75 / 0.63 = 1.18 s

Using s = ut + at2

s = -11.5 m

s = -41.18 - 9.811.182

backward somersault the body is straight for half a somersault and piked for half a

somersault. The flight times are the same. The moments of inertia of the body in the

two positions are 6 and 12 kg.m2. What is the ratio of the angular momenta of the

two movements?

Angular momentum = Is s

Conservation of angular momentum:

Issp = Ipp

12sp = 6p

t s = 2/3t sp + 1/3t p

s = 2/3 sp + 1/32 sp

s = 4/3 sp

Is s :

Is sp

12 s :

12 s3/4

4 : 3

2sp = p

(4) A diver can execute one and a half somersaults in the straight position. If the first

and last quarter somersault of a dive are done in the straight position, how much

somersault could the diver achieve if she were to tuck in the middle phase of the

dive? Moment of inertia about the mass centre is 12 kg.m2 when straight and 4 kg.m2

when tucked.

Iss = Itt

12s = 4t

3s = t

Option 1 = 1 straight

Option 2 = straight + X tucked + straight

= straight + X tucked

X tucked = 1 straight

Therefore X = 3

So 3 somersaults can be achieved if the diver tucks during

the middle phase

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