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Stone Cold

Robert Swindells

Group reading Year 9

Objectives: R6 Authorial perspective, R13 Evaluate own reading, R18 Prose text, S&L10 Group organisation
Lesson
1

10
11

Reading strategy
focus
*Predict
*Pass comments

*Ask questions
*Speculate
*Relate to prior
reading
*Inference and
deduction
*Visualisation
*Empathy
*Reread
*Relate to time and
place
*Interpret patterns
*Summarise
*Interpret patterns
*Interpret patterns
*Ask questions
*Establish
relationship
with author
*Interpret patterns
*Ask questions

Starter/introduction
(15 minutes)
Introduction to guided
reading/key objectives/
establishing ground
rules/allocating texts and
reading tasters
Openings, setting: narrative
hooks

Development
(35 minutes)
Reading strategies: see starters
Group reading: pages 16
Group task: effective openings group card SC1

Plenary
(10 minutes)
Reflect on reading
strategies and which
used already

Group reading: pages 722


Group activity: narrative hooks group card SC2

What makes an
effective narrative
hook?

Narrative hooks
sheet

Character, inference and


deduction

Group reading: pages 2338


Group activity: explicit/inferred development of
character group card SC3

Each group shares one


example of inference

Strategy checkcard
Prompts sheet

Structure: mind-mapping,
seeing patterns

Group reading: pages 3949


Group activity: in-depth exploration of character
group card SC4
Teacher with guided group guided card SC1
Group reading: pages 5063
Group activity: mind-mapping of plot and links
between characters group card SC5
Group reading: pages 6477
Group activity: in pairs, author interrogation
group card SC6

Two pupils to give


feedback on what
reading strategy helped
most this lesson
Refer to SC5

Photocopies of
pp.3944

Group reading: rereading pages 6470


Group activity: groups choose one plot event and
explore how the language features work within this
group card SC7
Teacher with guided group guided card SC2
Group reading: pages 8794
Group activity: find examples of authors voice
group card SC8

Refer to SC7. Each


group reports on one
language feature and its
effect

Identifying and tracking


themes
Authors viewpoint and
intentions

Narrative style at word,


sentence and text level

*Hear a voice as
Authorial voice. How is
read
author heard in novel?
*Ask questions
*Interpret patterns
*Reread/reinterpret Endings and how they link
Group reading: pages 94100
*Summarise
back to the beginning
Group activity: endings and resolutions
*Pass judgements
group card SC9
Outline expectations for group presentations. Preparation of presentations
Group presentations: 10 minutes per text

Key Stage 3
National Stratagy

NATE

Crown copyright 2003

Homework

Resources
Strategy checkcard

None

Select one group to


demonstrate. What new
insights has this given
into the book?

Access to the
Internet

Read pages
7086

Photocopies of
pp.6470

Each group to give an


None
example of
a) authorial and
b) narrative voice
Each group to consider
None
what is effective about
ending in their book
Homework: Preparation/rehearsal

Group reading at Key Stage 3

Stone Cold

Robert Swindells

Lesson 1

Group card SC1

Objectives: R4 Versatile reading


R12 Independent reading
Resources: Strategy check-card
As a whole group we have:
established the ground rules for group and guided reading;
looked at effective strategies for reading (starter activity and Strategy check-card).
Now you are going to:
read up to page 7.
Group task
1. Discuss how you think the author hooks or interests the reader, making them want to
read on.
2. Be prepared to share your findings in the plenary.

Key Stage 3
National Stratagy

NATE

Crown copyright 2003

Group reading at Key Stage 3

Stone Cold

Robert Swindells

Lesson 2

Group card SC2

Objectives: R13 Evaluate own reading


R18 Prose text
Resources: Narrative hooks sheet
As a whole group we have:
revised the range of reading strategies you have available to you.
Now you are going to:
look at the narrative hooks used by the author.
Whilst you are reading:
think about the strategies you are using (look at the Strategy check-card);
think about the evidence you may use to support your ideas.
Group reading
Read together pages 722 (see group task first!).
Group task
1. One pupil recaps on pages 16.
2. Divide yourselves into two groups of three and label yourselves Group A
and Group B.
Group A using the Guide to guided reading prompts sheet, what have you
discovered about the main character in your book? Prepare to share your findings
with Group B.
Group B using the Narrative hooks sheet, which narrative hooks has the writer
used to entice the reader? Prepare to share your findings with Group A.
3. Share your findings with the whole group, using supporting evidence. Why does this
make an effective opening to Stone Cold?

Key Stage 3
National Stratagy

NATE

Crown copyright 2003

Group reading at Key Stage 3

Stone Cold

Robert Swindells

Lesson 3

Group card SC3

Objectives: R13 Evaluate own reading


R18 Prose text
Resources: Strategy check-card, Prompts sheet
As a whole group we have:
revised the range of reading strategies you have available to you;
explored narrative hooks.
Now we will:
explore how the characters are developing.
Group reading
Read pages 2338 together.
Whilst you are reading:
think about the strategies you are using, especially those of inference and deduction (look
at the Strategy check-card);
think about the evidence you may use to support your ideas.
Group task
In pairs, using the Prompts sheet on Character, what have you discovered about the main
character(s) in the book? What is explicitly stated and what is inferred? Be prepared to give
evidence and jot down notes in your reading journal.
Links character

Evidence

Explicit/Inferred

Shelters character

Evidence

Explicit/Inferred

Share your findings around the group and add examples that you did not have. How effective
is Robert Swindells development of his main characters? What techniques does he use?

Key Stage 3
National Stratagy

NATE

Crown copyright 2003

Group reading at Key Stage 3

Stone Cold

Robert Swindells

Lesson 4

Group card SC4

Objectives: R13 Evaluate own reading


R18 Prose text
Resources: Photocopies of pp.3944, highlighter pens
As a whole group we have:
revised the range of reading strategies you have available to you;
explored narrative hooks;
explored the developing relationships between character and place.
Now you are going to:
explore the characterisation in more depth.
Group reading
Read pages 3949 together.
Group task
1. In discussion, recap on what we have learned about Link so far.
2. Give out photocopies of pp.3944 and highlighting pens.
Working in pairs, agree responsibility for highlighting one of the following areas. What
is learned about:
i. punters and predators (how people perceive the homeless)?
ii. pain and problems (physical pain and mental strain)?
iii. partnership and poverty (what Link is learning from Ginger, proof that things are
getting worse and worse)?
3. Share findings with the others in the group what can we infer and deduce about:
i. how Link seems to feel about his new life?
ii. whether he will be tough enough to survive?
iii. what the future might hold for him?

Key Stage 3
National Stratagy

NATE

Crown copyright 2003

Group reading at Key Stage 3

Stone Cold

Robert Swindells

Lesson 5

Group card SC5

Objectives: R13 Evaluate own reading


R18 Prose text
Resources: None
As a whole group we have:
revised the range of reading strategies you have available to you;
explored narrative hooks;
explored the developing relationships between character and place;
begun to explore themes and how the characters contribute towards them.
Now you are going to:
continue to trace developments, including themes.
Group reading
Read pages 5063 (see instructions 3 and 6 below first!).
Group task
1. One pupil to recap on the story so far, key characters and situation.
2. As a group discuss the central themes you have identified in Stone Cold so far. (Make
a map of them.)
3. Up until page 56 the narrator is still heavily reliant upon Ginger to show him all the
tricks he will need in order to survive. He seems surprised by peoples attitudes
towards the homeless. In pairs discuss and make another mind-map in your journals
on what you think Link really learns from:
i. his encounter with Captain Hook and time on the boat;
ii. his walk through Camden Lock market and feelings when Ginger meets his
friends;
iii. hearing about Doggy Bags way of life and thinking about his disappearance.
You should try to point towards textual evidence to support your ideas.
4. Share findings as a whole group. Discuss the following comment from the author:
I am dedicated to the idea that we are all responsible for one another, and that we
ought to conduct ourselves accordingly, doing no harm to any being. (Robert
Swindells Introduction to Stone Cold). For discussion:
i. Is it possible to live such a life in our modern times?
ii. Do we have a duty to care for our poorest, weakest and most needy?
Captain Hook sees such people as targets to be exploited. Is he wrong?
iii. Is the treatment Link receives unfair?
iv. Should he have toughed it out at home? Should he join the army?
v. How do you think we should solve the problems of homelessness and
begging on the streets of Britain?

Key Stage 3
National Stratagy

NATE

Crown copyright 2003

Group reading at Key Stage 3

Stone Cold

Robert Swindells

Lesson 6

Group card SC6

Objectives: R6 Authorial perspective


R13 Evaluate own reading
R18 Prose text
Resources: Access to the Internet
As a whole group we have:
revised the range of reading strategies you have available to you;
explored narrative hooks;
explored the developing relationships between character and place;
explored themes and how the characters contribute towards them.
Now you are going to:
explore the role of the author.
Group reading
Read pages 6477 together.
Group task
The characters are not the only ones that have a voice in a story. Readers are often given a
strong impression of the author, the teller of the tale, and this can influence your experience
of the story.
1. In pairs, write down five questions that you would like to ask Robert Swindells about
Stone Cold and his ideas in the book.
One member of the group should take on the role of the author and be interviewed as
the author.
2. When you have done this read the interview given by Robert Swindells about his
reasons for writing at www.mystworld.com (a more detailed one can be found at
www.achuka.co.uk).
List the similarities and differences in your ideas about Robert Swindells with those
presented in the interview.
How close was your groups impression of the author given in Stone Cold to that given
in the interview?

Key Stage 3
National Stratagy

NATE

Crown copyright 2003

Group reading at Key Stage 3

Stone Cold

Robert Swindells

Lesson 7

Group card SC7

Objectives: R13 Evaluate own reading


R18 Prose text
Resources: Photocopies of pp.6470
As a whole group we have:
revised the range of reading strategies you have available to you;
explored narrative hooks, character, setting and mood, relationships between character
and place, and emerging themes.
Now we will:
explore the authors narrative style.
Group reading
Paired rereading of pages 6470.
Group task
1. Recap on the story so far. How has Links situation altered? How has his character
developed since arriving in London?
2. The pages you have just read could be summarised in flow chart form as follows:
A)
B)
C)

Links initial desperationmeeting paper sellerLink cant sleep


The all-night caffmeeting ToyaLinks resolution (the New Me)
Arrival of new girlforgetting GingerLinks new partner.

You are going to discuss together the following questions. What techniques does the
author use in these pages to:
i. build up tension?
ii. make us feel closer to Link?
iii. show the vulnerability of those on the streets?
Split yourselves into three pairs, A, B and C. Each pair will focus on its given line in the
flow chart above and try to answer the questions. Focus on textual evidence to support
your ideas.
3. Share your findings with the group in discussion.
Homework
Read pages 7086.

Key Stage 3
National Stratagy

NATE

Crown copyright 2003

Group reading at Key Stage 3

Stone Cold

Robert Swindells

Lesson 8

Group card SC8

Objectives: R6 Authorial perspective


R13 Evaluate own reading
R18 Prose text
Resources: None
As a whole group we have:
revised the range of reading strategies you have available to you;
explored narrative hooks, character, setting and mood, relationships between character
and place, emerging themes.
Now we will look at:
authorial voice I am dedicated to the idea that we are all responsible for one another,
and that we ought to conduct ourselves accordingly, doing no harm to any being.
(Robert Swindells Introduction to Stone Cold)
Group reading
Read together pages 8794.
Group task
Sometimes adults tell children scary stories in order to stop them doing something, i.e. the
more frightened the children are, the less likely they are to go into the woods, or play by the
river. In Stone Cold, Robert Swindells shows us the brutal reality of life on the streets. To
make things worse, his homeless youngsters are being stalked by a serial killer. If the book is
to succeed, his villain must be realistic and disturbing.
1. Do you think the author wants to scare us? Does he succeed? If so, how and why? If
not, why not?
2. Discuss your ideas with a partner and then make notes on the following:
i. what we learn about Link and his fears in these pages;
ii. how the tension slowly builds;
iii. how successful Robert Swindells is in creating a frightening villain.
3. Share your findings on these questions with others in the group.
4. Write 50 words about the character of Shelter and how you feel about him.

Key Stage 3
National Stratagy

NATE

Crown copyright 2003

Group reading at Key Stage 3

Stone Cold

Robert Swindells

Lesson 9

Group card SC9

Objectives: R6 Authorial perspective


R13 Evaluate own reading
R18 Prose text
Resources: None
As a whole group we have:
revised the range of reading strategies you have available to you;
explored narrative hooks, character, setting and mood, relationships between character
and place, emerging themes and narrative style.
Now we will look at:
the resolution.
Group reading
1. In pairs, discuss the questions left unanswered by the story so far. Compile a list of
three things youd like to know and three things youd like to happen by the end of the
story. Record them in your books. Share your findings with the others in the group.
2. Read pages 94100 (see task 3).
Group task
1. Discuss how your ideas matched up with those of the author, Robert Swindells.
2. As a group discuss why the author chose to let Gail go off with Gavin at the end and
leave Link all alone. Would a happy ending have been more suitable?
3. Consider what the future might hold for Link.
i. Will he ever get off the streets? Has he got a future of any kind?
ii. Was the author making a point when writing Stone Cold?
iii. What might it have been? Did you enjoy the story? Why or why not?
Homework
Write a detailed reflection on the ending of the story and the points you made in response to
question 3 in the group task.

Key Stage 3
National Stratagy

NATE

Crown copyright 2003

Group reading at Key Stage 3

Stone Cold

Robert Swindells

Lesson 4
Teaching
objective(s):

Guided card SC1


R13 Evaluate own reading
R18 Prose text

Resources:
Strategy check-card
Photocopies pp.3944
Highlighter pens
Stone Cold by Robert Swindells, pages 3944: developing
relationships between character and place

Text focus:
Teaching sequence:
Introduction to text:
Strategy check:

Teacher distributes Strategy check-card, clarifies the objectives


and identifies the reading strategies to be used in this session, i.e.
scanning for, identifying and summarising specific points made by
the author. Model these strategies based on the first full page of
the novel, with a focus on the problems at home that are described
by the narrator.

Independent reading
and related task:

Give pupils photocopies of pp.3944 and highlighting pens. Explain


that they will be asked to text-mark for certain features. Pupils read
pp.3944 independently. Individual pupils are asked to highlight
what is learned about each of the following:
Punters begging and how it makes you feel;
Pain the physical damage sleeping rough can do;
Predators the dangers faced by the homeless;
Problems the mind games played at night;
Partnership Links gratitude towards his pal;
Poverty proof that Link is plunging lower and lower.

Return to text:
developing response

Ask each pupil to share their findings with the rest of the group and
then ask the group to comment on the skilful way the writer uses
the voice of Link to alert us to the reality of life on the streets in
modern Britain. What are we meant to infer and deduce about the
future Link now faces? I.e. is he tough enough to survive the life he
describes so vividly?

Review (reading target


and next steps):

Review reading strategies used in this session and, if they are


keeping them, ask pupils to make brief notes in journals to record
key points brought out in reading and discussion today.
Homework: Read pages 4449.

Evaluation:

Key Stage 3
National Stratagy

NATE

Crown copyright 2003

Group reading at Key Stage 3

Stone Cold

Robert Swindells

Lesson 7
Teaching
objective(s):

Guided card SC2


R6 Authorial perspective
R13 Evaluate own reading
R18 Prose text

Text focus:

Resources:
Strategy check-card
Photocopies pp.6470

Stone Cold by Robert Swindells, pages 6470: narrative style and


authorial attitudes, with a focus on word, sentence and text level
features

Teaching sequence:
Introduction to text:

Teacher clarifies objectives and asks a pupil to recap on the story


so far how has Links situation altered? How has his character
developed since arriving in London?

Strategy check:

Distribute Strategy check-card and outline expectations for


developing the specific active reading skills targeted in this session.
Model aloud the skills of inference and deduction on a section of
the Daily Routine Orders chapters, showing how the writer implies
a sense of menace. Stress that these strategies are essential skills
for engaging with, and enjoying, texts and improving as a reader.
Ask pupils to explain/illustrate when they have used these
strategies recently.

Independent reading
and related task:

Give pupils photocopies of pages 6470 and ask them in pairs to


consider the techniques the author has used in order to imply:
a growing tension;
that Link deserves the readers sympathy;
the vulnerability of those on the streets.
Ask pupils to share their initial thoughts on key features at word,
sentence and text level and then text-mark onto the sheets the
evidence supporting their ideas.

Return to text
developing response

Whole-group discussion (teacher leads at first and then hands over


questioning to pupils). Ask pupils to focus on textual evidence to
support their findings.
Why has the author chosen to remove a major character from
Links environment and bring in another at this point in the story?
What will this add or take away?

Review (reading target


and next steps):

Focus on inference and deduction and where the story may move
next. Ask pupils to update their journals, if they are keeping them,
listing their discoveries and speculations resulting from todays
session.
Homework: Read pages 7886.

Evaluation:

Key Stage 3
National Stratagy

NATE

Crown copyright 2003

Group reading at Key Stage 3