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DNV 2.

7-3

Portable Offshore Units


Subsea Lifting Operations
KranTeknisk Forening

Per ystein Alvr DNV Marine Operations

Stavanger, 2 December 2010

Content of this Presentation

DNV Standard for Certification 2.7-3, March 2011


- Relationship DNV 2.7-1 & DNV 2.7-3
- Define what is a DNV 2.7-3 Portable Offshore Unit?
- Brief overview of content

Subsea use of PO Units


- Design condition/loads
- Considerations
- Operational aspects

Design load calculations


- Background for design factors
- Example on how to calculate the lift design factor

Lift rigging design

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 2

Relationship with DNV 2.7-1


The design of offshore containers are regulated through:
IMOs MSC/Circ.860 Guidelines for the approval of
offshore containers handled in open seas
Only offshore units/containers certified according to DNV
Standard for Certification 2.7-1, Offshore Containers will
automatically fulfil the guidelines in MSC/Circ.860.
DNV 2.7-3 does not apply for units that are defined as
offshore containers. Offshore containers shall be designed,
manufactured and certified according to DNV 2.7-1.
What is DNV 2.7-3 if it is not an offshore container?

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 3

Definition - PO Units

Definition in DNV 2.7-3: A PO Unit (Portable Offshore Unit) is a


package or unit intended for repeated or single offshore transportation
and installation/lifting.

The maximum gross mass should normally not exceed 100 tonnes.

Could be lifted subsea!

5 types defined:
Type A, skids arranged with
crash frames
Type B, skids without crash
frames
Type C, no dedicated skid
frame
Type D, stress skin design
Type E, generally defined

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26 November 2010

Slide 4

Content in DNV 2.7-3

GENERAL
Scope
Design & Operation
Definitions
Documents for acceptance and
information
National authorities
References

CERTIFICATION PROCEDURES
Introduction
Design Verification
Certification testing and inspection
Summary of procedures

DESIGN

Design conditions
Materials
Operational Class
Analysis and Acceptance Criteria
Design Loads, Lifting & Impact
Sea Transport
Lifting Points
Design details
PO Units with tanks
Subsea application

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MANUFACTURE

General
Materials
Welding & NDE
Secondary structure - Coating
Production documentation

TESTING

Extent - Lifting - Impact - Production

MARKING

Operational Class & Safety marking


Identification markings
Information plates
Additional information markings (optional)

LIFTING SETS

PERIODIC EXAMINATION, TESTS AND REPAIRS


General
Inspection, test and repairs on units

Appendix Padeye design

26 November 2010

Slide 5

Test to Define Appropriate Design Basis


Tank for dangerous goods?
IMDG Code + DNV 2.7-1
Container shaped & W<25t?
Use DNV 2.7-1
Define:
DNV 2.7-3 - PO Unit
VMO-Rules
DNV 2.22, Lifting Appliances
Tests to define the
PO Units Operation
Class & design
notations
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 6

Procedure for Certification

Application sent to DNV (e.g. to vmo@dnv.com).

Order confirmed and fees agreed.

Drawings, documentation and calculations reviewed and approval given


by the approval office.

(Prototype) PO Unit manufactured under supervision of the Society's


Surveyor.

Unit tested according to (prototype) test requirements, witnessed by the


Society's Surveyor.

Production proceeds according to the agreed Quality Plan or


Manufacturing Survey Arrangement. Production tests according to list.

DNV surveyor issues Portable Offshore Unit Certificate (form 49.06a) and
affixes emblem.

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 7

Materials and Manufacture

Design temperature, normally -20 C

Steel quality requirements

Aluminium and other materials

Welding Qualification

Inspection of Welds

Secondary structure

Production documentation

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 8

Testing Requirements

All point lifting test


- Mandatory, could be omitted for single transports

- Test load mnimum of


2.5 x MGW & F
less for MGW > 25t
Test conclusion: Spreader
frame is required!

D
E
S
S
A
P
T
O
N

2-point Lifting
- Needed for R60, R45 & R60-SE
- Test load minimum of:

- 1.5 x MGW, and


- 0.6 x F

D
E
S
S
A
P
T
O
N

Vertical Impact Test


- Drop or lowering test
- Could be substituted by calculations

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 9

Marking

Operational Class and Safety Marking

DNV 2.7-3 R45-Subsea-SE


MGW = 16300 kg
OPERATIONAL RESTRICTIONS

Identification by Certificate number

Information Plate
-

Type of PO Unit and Operational Class


Name of manufacturer.
Month/year of manufacture.
Maximum gross weight (kg)
......
......

Inspection Plate
-

.
.

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 10

Content of this Presentation

DNV Standard for Certification 2.7-3, March 2011


- Relationship DNV 2.7-1 & DNV 2.7-3
- Define what is a DNV 2.7-3 Portable Offshore Unit?
- Brief overview of content

Subsea use of PO Units


- Design condition/loads
- Considerations
- Operational aspects

Design load calculations


- Background for design factors
- Example on how to calculate the lift design factor

Lift rigging design

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 11

Subsea Design Condition

The effective weight of a PO Unit and the dynamic amplification


factor will vary during a subsea lift. The calculation of maximum
effective weight shall include possible trapped water (when lifted
out of water) and possible suction when lifted from the sea
bottom.

The worst realistic combination of effective and dynamic


amplification shall be considered. Normally it is considered
adequate to use the following combination as basis for the design
condition:

- DAF = 2.0
- Submerged weight is 0.9 x MGW
- General design factor = 1.4

The applied design condition always needs to be verified against


the actual installation condition.

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 12

Subsea Design Factor, Lift


The following design requirement are included to cover subsea:
Design factor structure:

Additional factor for


padeyes as for lift in air:

FSub = 2.5 MGW


1.2 and SKL

In order to ensure that the unit could be installed without too strict
operational limitations the drag area and volume, including added
volume/mass should be reasonably limited.
Hence DNV 2.7-3 include the following guidance:
A/Ws < 1.0 where A is drag area and Ws is the submerged weight
V/Ws < 2.0 where V is the volume of the unit + added (water) mass

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 13

Subsea Design Loads


Additional loads that should be considered for PO
Units for subsea use:

Effect of horizontal wave loads. The tilt effect of this on the PO Unit
could normally be considered covered by the requirements in 3.5.

Local design for hydrodynamic loads, e.g. slamming loads.

Tugger points for horizontal and rotational control.

Guiding system for final positioning.

Retrieval loads.

Hydrostatic pressure.

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 14

Design Considerations

Functional requirements, e.g. installation aids, as defined by contract


specifications, etc.

All air filled members shall be designed for the maximum hydrostatic
pressure, or proper ventilation/water filling shall be ensured.

Lift points below CoG should normally be avoided.

Proper draining when lifted out of the water (if applicable).

Lift points should be placed/designed in such a way that the risk of


damage and/or accidental release of rigging are neglectable.

Extended (more than a few days) subsea application of PO Units should


be specially evaluated and shall not be considered covered by the given
requirements in this standard.

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 15

Subsea Operational Aspects

All assumed operational limitations shall be clearly indicated in the PO


Units design documentation. Critical limitations should be indicated in
the certificate and normally marked on the PO Unit. Such limitations
could be:

Installation wave height/periods (if evaluated/applicable)


Special considerations, e.g. pass splash zone with inclination
Maximum water depth
Allowable loads on tugger points and guiding systems
Sling angles

The installation contractor needs to do a final assessment of the


applicable operation limitations based on the actual installation vessel
and procedure.

Installation means on the unit, e.g. as marking, ROV grab bars,


tag/tugger line connection points, skids for monitoring
systems/equipment, should be installed as agreed.

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 16

Content of this Presentation

DNV Standard for Certification 2.7-3, March 2011


- Relationship DNV 2.7-1 & DNV 2.7-3
- Define what is a DNV 2.7-3 Portable Offshore Unit?
- Brief overview of content

Subsea use of PO Units


- Design condition/loads
- Considerations
- Operational aspects

Design load calculations


- Background for design factors
- Design factors

Lift rigging design

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 17

Design Loads Lifting - Background

Based on 2.7-1 and adjusted to new VMO Standard

Constant (with mass) design factor not considered adequate due to:
- Rigging not mandatory, hence no direct influence on padeye design
- Required minimum thicknesses reduced from 2.7-3 June 2006
- Full penetration welds not mandatory in 2.7-3

Variation in operational limitations considered adequate due to:


- PO Units could be many different design solutions
- Normally PO Units do fulfil all the requirements in DNV 2.7-1. to minimize
handling risk.
- Weight variations greater than for DNV 2.7-1 containers
- Use frequency variations greater than for DNV 2.7-1 containers

If offshore lift operational wave height limit has to be taken less than in
DNV 2.7-1 (i.e. Hs = 6.0 m) why not also reduce the design requirement?

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 18

PO Units - Operational Class

PO Units shall be assigned to a Operational Class


for the offshore lift. The class should be selected
based on the following:
- Weight.
- Risk evaluation.
- Type of structure, A through E

Risk based on items as - Equipment specially sensitive to


impact loads - Out sticking parts - Lack of roof protection - Lift points in
positions where they could be damaged by impacts - Lack of proper
crash framing and there is installed/ transported equipment that could be
damaged due to impacts - exceptionally geometry or unhandy (big) size
- Lift rigging including (loose) spreader bar(s)

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 19

Operational Classes

The following three Operational Classes with operational limiting


significant wave height as indicated are used in this certification
note for DNV 2.7-3 PO Units:

- Class R60 Lift from/to vessel in max Hs = 6.0m


- Class R45 Lift from/to vessel in max Hs = 4.5m
- Class R30 Lift from/to vessel in max Hs = 3.0m

In addition the following notations will be used:

- PO Unit for Subsea use: Subsea


- PO Unit for single event/transport only: SE

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 20

Safety Factor Calibration

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26 November 2010

Slide 21

Design Requirements - Summary

Calculation Methods. Only the primary structure shall be included in the


design calculations.

Allowable Stresses. Von Mises equivalent stresses, e = 0.85C. For steel:


C = Re = minimum yield stress.

Sea Transport loads


- According to calculated accelerations or based on 1g

Design Lifting Loads:


- All point lift structure
- 2 point lift structure (for some structures)
- Padeyes all point lift (with SKL factor) only

Impact Loads:
- Horizontal impact
- Vertical impact (Drop test)
- Minimum thicknesses

Welding
- Red. factor: Fillet = 0.5, partial = 0.75 and full pen. = 1.0

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 22

Design Loads All points Lifting

For 2-point lift: 0.6 x F for the structure.


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26 November 2010

Slide 23

Design Load Lift Points

For 2-, 3- or 4 leg sling arrangements without spreader bars, the resultant
sling force (RSF) on each padeye should be calculated based on the
following equation:

RSF = 1.2 x SKL x PL x F / cos()

= the angle between the sling leg and vertical.

SKL = Skew load factor due to sling length deviations. Could be taken as
1.25 (assuming that sling lengths are adequately controlled) for a 4 slings
rigging and 1.1 for 2- and 3 slings riggings.

PL = Per cent Loading of F (quasi-static calculations) in the most loaded


padeye.

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 24

Lift Point, Out-of-Plane Loads

Design angle between sling- and


padeye plate planes.

Inaccuracies in padeye fabrication and


rigging design considered (e.g. due to
hook size) causing an angle between
sling and padeye plate planes.

Angle difference between crane hoist


line and the line from the hook centre to
the PO Unit CoG. This could be due to:
-

Inclined transport vessel deck during liftoff.


Not plumb hoist line during lift-off.
Horizontal loads on PO Unit from e.g.
tugger lines and impacts.
If subsea PO Unit, horizontal loads from
waves (and current).

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 25

Appendix A - Padeyes

Equations given to check:

- Bearing pressure
- Tear out
- Cheek plate welds
at the padeye hole

In addition

- Combined stress
has to be checked for critical sections
including connection to main
structure

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 26

Content of this Presentation

DNV Standard for Certification 2.7-3, March 2011


- Relationship DNV 2.7-1 & DNV 2.7-3
- Define what is a DNV 2.7-3 Portable Offshore Unit?
- Brief overview of content

Subsea use of PO Units


- Design condition/loads
- Considerations
- Operational aspects

Design load calculations


- Background for design factors
- Design factors

Lift rigging design

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 27

Slings & Shackles


For Slings:

MBL 1.6 x RSF


Table 7-1 Minimum Sling Diameter (D)
Class

Single event

Multiple use

R30

D 10 mm

D 12 mm

R45

D 12 mm

D 15 mm

R60

D 14 mm

D 18 mm

For Shackles:

WLL 0.4 x RSF


and MBL min 5 x WLL

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

26 November 2010

Slide 28

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26 November 2010

Slide 29