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BR10.

0 Call Processing
Features
Andreas Marx
GSM/EDGE PLM Munich
May 2009

Company Confidential
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ Andreas Marx / 05.2009

BR10.0 Call Processing Feature Presentation


Content

Introduction
Sales Feature Overview
Sales Features In Detail
Additional Functionalities
New Hardware
Hardware Dependencies
Impact on Terminals and Core Network

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR 10.0 Overview
Enhancements Throughout the SBS Network
SGSN /
MSC

MS
BTS

BSC / TRAU

SMLC

AMR Wideband TCH/WFS

Enhancement of PCU Capacity

Flexible A Interface

GERAN Evolution: Dual Carrier in Downlink

Modified PCU Load Balancing

Repeated SACCH

Multi-Operator BSS

Virtual eTRAU
(multiple TRAUs in one)

External 1pps Interface Support for BTS

ASCI: Group Call Broadcast Point in BSS

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR 10.0 - Overview
Increased Revenue and Reduced OPEX

AMR Wideband
TCH/WFS
Internal Ethernet /

Dual Carrier

IP Interfaces

in Downlink

Increase
Revenue

GSM-R

Reduce

Enhancements

OPEX

Combined
Flexible A

eBSC/eTRAU
PM-Counters,
O&M and
Serviceability

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

Call Processing Feature List (1 of 2)


Increased Network Performance:
AMR Wideband TCH/WFS
Capacity, Efficiency,
Flexible A- Interface
& Reliability
GERAN Evolution: Dual Carrier in Downlink
Repeated SACCH and Modified Scheduling
Management of Standby TRX for BTS
Virtual (multiple TRAUs in one) eTRAU
Multi-operator BSS
IMSI Based Handover
Service Quality
Enhancements

SF10557
SF10556
SF10562
SF10558
SF10573
SF10531
SF10571
SF10604

Different level thresholds for RACH SF10550

access and HO access


Link Adaptation Enhancements for GPRS and EGPRS SF10551

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BR10.0

Call Processing Feature List (2 of 2)


New Interfaces/
Hardware

ASCI Features

Internal Ethernet / IP Interfaces for BSS SF10560


External 1pps Interface Support for BTS SF10564
IP Interface Support for LMT SF10565
Support of Real Time Road Traffic Information SF10572

ASCI: Group Call Broadcast Point in BSS SF10513

ASCI: Reactivation of VGCS/VBS channels after service unavailability


SF10553
ASCI: CS data transmission during active VGCS SF10570

PS Features

Enhancement of PCU Capacity SF10559


Modified PCU Load Balancing SF10563
Advanced Packet Resource Allocation SF10568

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BR10.0

Call Processing Feature List Basic)


SF

Title

basic / optional

SF10550

Different level thresholds for RACH access and HO


access

basic

SF10551

Link Adaptation Enhancements for GRPS and EGPRS

basic

SF10564

External 1pps interface support for BTS

basic

IP Interface support for LMT


SF10565

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Nokia Siemens Networks

basic

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

Call Processing Feature List


SF

Title

SF10513

ASCI: Group Call Broadcast Point in BSS

optional

SF10553

ASCI: Reactivation of VGCS/VBS channels after service


unavailability

optional

SF10556

Flexible A- Interface

optional

SF10557

AMR Wideband TCH/WFS

optional

SF10558

Repeated SACCH and Modified Scheduling

optional

SF10559

Enhancement of PCU capacity

optional

SF10560

Internal Ethernet / IP Interfaces for BSS

optional

SF10563

Modified PCU Load balancing

optional

SF10568

Advanced Packet Resource Allocation

optional

SF10570

ASCI: CS data transmission during active VGCS

optional

SF10572

Support of Real Time Road Traffic Information

optional

SF10573

Management of Standby TRX for BTS

optional

SF10571

Multi-operator BSS

optional

SF10562

GERAN Evolution: Dual Carrier in Downlink

optional

SF10531

Virtual (multiple TRAUs in one) eTRAU

optional

SF10604

IMSI Based Handover

optional

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Nokia Siemens Networks

basic / optional

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0 Call Processing Features


Feature by Feature

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Nokia Siemens Networks

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BR10.0

SF10557 AMR Wideband TCH/WFS


Description

Without
Speech based on narrowband speech
Bandwidth from 300Hz to 3400Hz
Speech sampled at 8kHz
With
Speech based on extended bandwidth
Bandwidth from 50Hz to 7000Hz
Speech sampled at 16kHz
Coding schemes for AMR-WB full-rate channels with GMSK modulation:
TCH/WFS with source bit rates of 6.60, 8.85 and 12.65 kbps

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BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10557 AMR Wideband TCH/WFS


Benefit

Superior Voice Quality AMR WB provides improved speech quality:


Better than fixed line and AMR NB speech quality
Naturalness and intelligibility of speech, easier speaker recognition
High speech quality perception longer duration of calls,
i.e. increased ARPU
No re-planning of the network, no additional sites
Seamless WB AMR service in 2G/3G

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10557 AMR Wideband TCH/WFS


Scenarios for Implementation / Markets

All customers / markets


Platforms / Restrictions

HW Prerequisites:
ECU or FlexCU
HC-TRAU with TRACv7 or eTRAU
SW Prerequisites / Dependencies:
SF10423 Adaptive Multi Rate Speech Codec (AMR)
SF10432 Service Dependent Channel Allocation Strategy
SF10962 Multi Service Layer Support
SF10429 Cell Load Dependent Activation of Half Rate Channels in One Cell

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10557 AMR Wideband TCH/WFS


Technical Description

The feature consist of two sub-features:


AMR Wideband TCH/WFS
Tandem Free Operation (TFO) for AMR Wideband TCH/WFS
AMR Wideband TCH/WFS
The frequency range of 50Hz to 300Hz increase the naturalness of the
speech
The frequency range of 3400Hz to 7000Hz increase the intelligibility of
the speech
switch between the AMR Wideband full rate codecs using Link
Adaptation depending on error conditions

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BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10557 AMR Wideband TCH/WFS


Technical Description

Tandem Operation: Speech signal path

Tandem Free Operation: Speech signal path


Can be used if both subscriber use the same speech codec
BTS

BSC

MSC

MSC
IPE

MS

TRAU

BSC

TRAU

64 kbit/s Speech Samples carrying


- TFO Frames on the LSBs containing
- Compressed speech samples
- Control bits
- TFO Messages
- Original PCM speech samples on the MSBs

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BTS

IPE

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

MS

BR10.0

SF10557 AMR Wideband TCH/WFS


Technical Description

Call Setup
MS informs the network about her capabilities at call setup
If the MS supports AMR-WB, an WB channel is assigned at the switch
from SDCCH to TCH on the TRX carrying the AMR-WB layer
Initial coding mode defined by O&M is used
Both TRAU start negotiation of compatible speech codes via internal TFO
messages
If compatible speech codec's can be used from both subscribers, Tandem
Free Operation is activated
TRAUs exchange TFO frames carrying compressed speech and in-band
signaling
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BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10557 AMR Wideband TCH/WFS


Technical Description

Channel Mode Modify or Intra-Cell Handover?


Channel Mode Modify or Intra-Cell HO can be enabled/disabled by parameter
Advantages of CMM:
call remain on same channel, no impact on other resources
no power ramping because of HO, lower interference
radio conditions known
reduces the muting gap

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Nokia Siemens Networks

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BR10.0

SF10557 AMR Wideband TCH/WFS


Technical Description

Compression/de-compression between TCH/WFS and TCH/AHS for capacity


boost
The dynamic half rate assignment can be enabled/disabled by parameter
If dynamic half rate assignment is set to TRUE, dynamic half-rate
allocation is possible not only at initial assignment but also during the call as
a dynamic reassignment
If dynamic half rate assignment is set to FALSE, dynamic half-rate
allocation is restricted to the initial assignment rule only
The Compression/de-compression will be done by Intra-Cell Handover

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10557 AMR Wideband TCH/WFS


Technical Description

Switch from TCH/WFS to TCH/AFS at poor radio conditions


The switch from TCH/WFS to TCH/AFS at poor radio conditions (C/I) can
be enabled/disabled by parameter
The channel mode modify or intra-cell handover shall be triggered if the
conditions for robustness handover are fulfilled
The fallback from TCH/AFS to TCH/WFS with channel mode modify or
intra-cell handover (homing handover) is possible only after a timer has
expired to avoid ping pong

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10557 AMR Wideband TCH/WFS


Technical Description

Transition States from TCH/WFS to TCH/AFS and TCH/AHS


TCH/WFS
homing HO

compression HO
robustness HO
de-compression HO

TCH/AFS

TCH/AHS
Service dependent channel allocation strategy

New service type CS speech AMR-WFS GMSK


Dedicated service layer for AMR Wideband TCH/WFS
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10557 AMR Wideband TCH/WFS


Technical Description

Link Adaptation
In-Band signaling for AMR between MS and BTS to exchange messages
Link Adaptation algorithm is based on BER measured by the MS and the BTS,
mapped on C/I values
Codec mode adaptation which codec to be used is based on the result of the LA
algorithm
Defined by 3GPP and used for AMR-NB as well

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Nokia Siemens Networks

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BR10.0

SF10557 AMR Wideband TCH/WFS


Speech Samples
Speech Codecs: TCH/WFS12.65 (AMR-WB FR GMSK 12.65 kbps) and TCH/AFS12.2 (AMR-NB
FR GMSK 12.2 kbps)
Filters AMR-WB: P.341 and MSIN
Filter AMR-NB: MIRS

Lets hear the difference!

Error free radio conditions

TCH/AFS12.2
Speech English
Speech English with background noise
Speech French
Music
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BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

TCH/WFS12.65

BR10.0

SF10558 Repeated SACCH and Modified Scheduling


Description

Without
Under worse radio conditions the System Information Messages and

Measurement reports can not be decoded.


AMR calls will be released with Radio Link Timeout even if the voice quality
is good

With
Together with the feature Repeated FACCH AMR calls will be stable under
worse radio conditions

Benefit

Number of dropped calls due to Radio Link Timeout reduced in both


interference and coverage limited scenarios
The modified scheduling improves the handover performance
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10558 Repeated SACCH and Modified Scheduling


Scenarios for Implementation / Markets

All markets with interference and / or coverage limited scenarios

Platforms / Restrictions

HW Prerequisites:
Repeated SACCH is restricted to ECU and FlexCU
SW Prerequisites:
SF10525 R-FACCH and TOP on FACCH/SACCH for reduced call drop rate

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10558 Repeated SACCH and Modified Scheduling


Technical Description

Serial repetition of SACCH block in the next multiframe


This allows a soft combining of the pair of repeated SACCH blocks at the
receiver
The receiver first tries to decode a single block without soft combining
If this single block decoding fails, a second double block combining using the
combined soft output from the current block and the previous received block is
performed
Activation / De-activation of R-SACCH is network controlled by signaling
DL: SACCH Repetition Order (SRO) to order MS to repeat the SACCH block at
next UL SACCH period
UL: SACCH Repetition Request (SRR) to notify the network that decoding failed
Network to decide if SACCH will be repeated within the next block
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BR10.0

SF10550
Different level thresholds for RACH access and HO access
Description
Without
Database parameter RACHBT (RACH Busy Threshold) can be set in a range
from 0..127, representing the real value range from -0dBm...-127dBm

At present, this threshold is applied for two different scenarios


RACH access
If level is below the RACHBT
discarded

HO access

If signal is below this threshold


the original channel

RACH access is regarded as invalid and

HO access is ignored, the MS returns to

Currently a trade-off is necessary


Low value of RACHBT avoids phantom RACHs in a suitable way
High value of RACHBT ensures good figures in the handover failure rate
(in terms of 'return to the original channel')

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10550
Different level thresholds for RACH access and HO access
With

Provides separate thresholds for both cases


Introduces a new parameter: Handover Access Threshold
(HOACCTHR)

Parameter RACHBT is now used only to prevent phantom RACHs


(signal level received on the RACH below the RACHBT threshold)
Benefit

Better Parameterization
Better Network Optimization

Optimized possibility to tune the network


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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10550
Different level thresholds for RACH access and HO access
Scenarios for Implementation / Markets
All customers / markets
Platforms / Restrictions
HW Prerequisites:
None
SW Prerequisites:
none
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Nokia Siemens Networks

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BR10.0

SF10562 GERAN Evolution: Dual Carrier in Downlink


Description

Without
Service continuity 2G / 3G for services with high data rates
not ensured

Gap between 3G (HSxPA) and EDGE is too big


Performance needed for 3G services is not always ensured

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BR10.0

SF10562 GERAN Evolution: Dual Carrier in Downlink


Description

With
Assignment of timeslots from two carriers
Increase of average data rates (+ 50%)
Increase of peak data rates (+ 100 %)
No impact on existing frequency planning
No impact on existing network equipment
Examples for high speed services:

High speed internet browsing


High speed file download
MMS at high speed
Movie Trailer, Video Clips, Web cams, Video Phone, Shared TV

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BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10562 GERAN Evolution: Dual Carrier in Downlink


Benefit

Increased revenue for Operators:


New High Speed Services using GERAN can be offered
Improved performance of existing services
subscribers are motivated for more frequent usage

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10562 GERAN Evolution: Dual Carrier in Downlink


Scenarios for Implementation / Markets

All customers / markets with Packet Switched services

Platforms / Restrictions

HW Prerequisites:
BTSplus with ECU or FlexCU
SW Prerequisites / Dependencies:
SF10420 General Paket Radio Services (GPRS)
SF10445 EDGE: Speeding up into a Packet Data World
SF10446 Multiplexing of GPRS and EGPRS Users on the Same Timeslot
SF10962 Multi Service Layer Support

The Feature will be released later, depending on Terminal availability

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BR10.0

SF10562 GERAN Evolution: Dual Carrier in Downlink


Technical Description

Single Carrier

Dual Carrier

f1

f1

f2
MS

MS
BSS

# of carriers
1
2

Air interface
peak data rate [kbps]
4 TS@MCS-9/carrier
237
474

Example: Dual Carrier


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BSS

Air interface
peak data rate [kbps]
8 TS@MCS-9/carrier
474
947

Theoretical Peak Data rates up to 1 Mbit/s

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10562 GERAN Evolution: Dual Carrier in Downlink


Technical Description

Example of timeslot allocation: 3Timeslots in DL, one in UL


The UL TS have to be assigned to a different TS as the DL TS

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BR10.0

SF10562 GERAN Evolution: Dual Carrier in Downlink


Technical Description

DL Dual Carrier applies to EGPRS carriers configured in a Dual Carrier


Service Layer List
In case of Dual Band Standard Cells, DL Dual Carrier applies for both
bands independently
In case of concentric cells, DL Dual Carrier applies in complete area only
In case of extended cells, DL Dual Carrier is supported in both areas
The Multislot classes up to class 33 are supported (max. 12 Timeslots)

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BR10.0

SF10559 Enhancement of PCU capacity


Description

Without
PDTs are a per PCU resource which is not shared between PCUs
Packet resources are allocated according a load balancing mechanism per PCU
In case of high traffic situations, packet requests probably cant be served
With
In congestion situations resources can be borrowed from neighbor PCUs
Capacity of cells is temporary enhanced in case resources on neighbor PCUs are
not used at the moment

Benefit

Enhanced GPRS capacity


Optimized management of packet resources
Possibility to assign more resources as locally available
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10559 Enhancement of PCU capacity


Scenarios for Implementation / Markets

All customers / markets with Packet Switched services

Platforms / Restrictions

HW Prerequisites:
BSC1 or eBSC
BSC1 must be equipped with PPXUv2 and ESAM
SW Prerequisites:
SF10420 General Packet Radio Services (GPRS)
SF10445 EDGE: Speeding up into a Packet Data World

Interworking:
The interworking with SF10563 Modified PCU Load Balancing is possible
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BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10559 Enhancement of PCU capacity


Technical Description
Less
loaded

Up to now packet

resources are allocated


according to a load
balancing mechanism
per PCU
In congestion situations
resources can be
borrowed from neighbor
PCUs
Capacity of cells is
temporary enhanced in
case resources on
neighbor PCUs are not
used at the moment

PCU#1

PCU#2

PCU#3

Highly
loaded
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load

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BSC

BR10.0

SF10559 Enhancement of PCU capacity


Technical Description

Preconditions to borrow PCU resources:


PCU must be congested: >80% of PDTs of a PCU are allocated
PCU must not lent PDTs to other PCU
The PCU with the highest idle number of PDT is chosen to borrow from

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10563 Modified PCU Load balancing


Description

Without
Assignment of cells supporting Packet Switched Data to a PCU independently
of expected traffic
Cell congestion even if resources would be available

With
Possibility to use additional configuration information:
cell with high load
cell with normal load
Benefit

Optimized PDT usage


Balanced PCU Load
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10563 Modified PCU Load balancing


Scenarios for Implementation / Markets

All customers / markets with Packet Switched services

Platforms / Restrictions

HW Prerequisites:
none
SW Prerequisites / Dependencies:
SF10420 General Packet Radio Services (GPRS)
SF10445 EDGE: Speeding up into a Packet Data World
SF10507 Central Network Service Layer
Interworking:
The interworking with SF10559 Enhancement of PCU capacity is possible
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10563 Modified PCU Load balancing


Technical Description

Initial PDCH assignment per cell can be influenced by defining


preferred PTP groups
Cells with expected high traffic can be assigned to dedicated
preferred PTP groups
Cells with preferred PTP group are distributed first
Cells without preferred PTP group are distributed according to the
current algorithm but taking into account the allocation and weight of
cells with preferred PTP group and RA to which the cells belong

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BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0
SF10568 Advanced Packet Resource Allocation
Description

Without
Timeslot allocations are calculated on Downlink Peak Throughput
Service dependencies are not considered
With
For low bit rate services less timeslots are allocated (e.g. Chat)
No assignment of not necessary TBF for low bit rate services
Lower TBF blocking rate
Benefit

Optimized usage of resources in Downlink


Resource allocation according to the real actual traffic
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0
SF10568 Advanced Packet Resource Allocation
Scenarios for Implementation / Markets

All customers / markets with Packet Switched services

Platforms / Restrictions

HW Prerequisites:
SW Prerequisites / Dependencies:
SF10420 General Packet Radio Services (GPRS)
SF10445 EDGE: Speeding up into a Packet Data World
SF10448 MS/Gb flow control
SF10950 Quality of Service: Streaming Services for E-/GPRS

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0
SF10568 Advanced Packet Resource Allocation
Technical Description

Improved Downlink Resource Allocation


The goal is to assign only the real required resources
The number of RLC data octets in the LLC queue are monitored
If the number of octets are below a configurable threshold, the TBF are created
as a Low Peak Throughput
If the number of octets are above the configured threshold, the TBF are created
using the Downlink Peak Throughput parameter
MCS Upgrade Disabling
In case of MCS upgrade request the actual percentage of busy PDT per PCU and
Abis upgrade thresholds are considered
If one of the threshold is close to or above, MCS upgrade will be stopped
MCS upgrade will be enabled when both threshold are below the limit
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BR10.0

SF10551
Link Adaptation Enhancements for GRPS and EGPRS
Description
Without
Link adaptation for GPRS and E-GPRS optimizes the used coding
scheme to the most appropriate one for a certain PS connection under
the actual radio conditions
One Link Adaptation algorithm for all GPRS and E-GPRS Mobile
Stations
With
Optimized algorithm for new MS with increased multislot capability
Link Adaptation can distinguish between different types of Mobiles and
use different algorithms for:
Standard GPRS and E-GPRS Mobiles
SAIC capable Mobiles
DARP Mobiles (Downlink Advanced Receiver Performance)
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Nokia Siemens Networks

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BR10.0

SF10551
Link Adaptation Enhancements for GRPS and EGPRS
Benefit

Optimized data throughput independent of the MS multislot class


BLER sensitive fast CS/MCS emergency switch down
Jumps over coding schemes
Automatic SAIC capable Mobiles detection

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10551
Link Adaptation Enhancements for GRPS and EGPRS
Scenarios for Implementation / Markets
All customers / markets with Packet Switched services
Platforms / Restrictions
HW Prerequisites:
none
SW Prerequisites:
SF10420 GPRS
SF10445 EDGE
SF10449 Link Adaptation

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Nokia Siemens Networks

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BR10.0

SF10551
Link Adaptation Enhancements for GRPS and EGPRS
Technical Description
Independent LA Switching Period from MS Multislot Allocation
LA switching period was defined by two parameters defining the filter period for
BLER in Uplink and Downlink based on transmitted radio blocks. Dependent on the
multislot class, the switching period is faster or slower.
LA switching period is now defined by the two parameters in uplink for MS allocated
on 1 or 2 PDCH; for downlink allocated on 3 or 4 PDCH. For all other multislot
classes the filter period to be used is calculated on a 2 PDCH stepsize

for all multislot classes similar filter periods

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BR10.0

SF10551
Link Adaptation Enhancements for GRPS and EGPRS
Technical Description

BLER Sensitive Fast CS/MCS Emergency Switch Down


When the BLER is below the upgrade threshold, LA decides to upgrade to next
higher CS or MCS. When the new CS or MCS has an unacceptable high BLER, this
results in poor throughput, LA decides to downgrade. The result can be a toggling.
The Emergency Switch Down (ESD) switches back after a short time (<500ms) to
the original CS/MCS and the LA switching period is prolonged.

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Nokia Siemens Networks

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BR10.0

SF10551
Link Adaptation Enhancements for GRPS and EGPRS
Technical Description
New EDGE BLER Threshold Tables for SAIC MS
The ESD functionality is mainly introduced for MS which do not indicate their SAIC
capability, for the MS which do indicate their SAIC capability new threshold tables
are introduced.
EDGE Downlink; TU3 noHOP; MS: NOKIA N80 SAIC and NOKIA 6630 noSAIC

25000

Throughput / TS [kbps]

22500
20000

5 dB SAIC
Gain only
for GMSK

17500
15000
12500
10000

2 different Switching Points (delta 3 dB !):

7500

LA SAIC: MCS3 < 1% BLER; MCS5 > 35% BLER

5000

LA nonSAIC: MCS3 < 30% BLER; MCS5 > 50% BLER

2500

Today's LA Table includes: MCS3->MCS5 < 30% BLER; MCS5->MCS3 > 38% BLER

0
-1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

C/I [dB]
MCS5 noSAIC

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Nokia Siemens Networks

MCS3 noSAIC

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

MCS5 SAIC

MCS3 SAIC

BR10.0

SF10551
Link Adaptation Enhancements for GRPS and EGPRS
Technical Description
Automatic Identification of Proprietary SAIC MS
Proprietary SAIC MS without sending SAIC capability can be identified together with ESD:
If ESD and AI are enabled, a counter is started with each TBF setup. This counter is increased
with each ESD between EDGE GMSK and 8-PSK MCS only. After reaching a settable threshold,
this MS is identified as SAIC MS for this TBF.
Then the new EDGE BLER threshold table is activated for this TBF only and disabled after.
"Jumps" Over EDGE MCS
Link adaptation is performed from one CS/MCS to the next one only.
In some cases it is helpful to jump over several CS/MCS not to loose time (each LA switching
period is between 500ms up to 2 sec..
Jumps are possible: only for EDGE
only if all 9 MCS are enabled
only within the same MCS family plus MCS1: e.g. upgrade from MCS3 to MCS6 (jumping over
MCS4 and MCS5) or downgrade to MCS1 (jumping over MCS2)
only for MCS of EDGE family A and EDGE family B plus MCS1. Family A padding (jump from /
to MCS8) and EDGE family C (jump from / to MCS4) are excluded
The upgrade from MCS1 is possible only to MCS2 (family B) or MCS3 (family A)
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0
SF10531 Virtual (multiple TRAUs in one) eTRAU
Description
Scalable HW transcoding capacity sharing

With
One eTRAU can be connected up to 20 BSCs
Full usage of scalability transcoding capacity
eBSC
concept among NE
Topology flexibility: BSC-eTRAU connections
eTRAU optimized for BSC/eBSC small
configuration
eBSC

BSC1
E1/T1
STM-1
OC3
E1/T1

Virtual
STM-1
OC3 eTRAU
E1/T1

STM-1
OC3

Without
Connection type applicable: 1 BSC to 1 eTRAU

E1/T1

Virtual
STM-1
OC3 eTRAU
E1/T1

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0
SF10531 Virtual (multiple TRAUs in one) eTRAU
Benefits

Optimize the usage of eTRAU transcoding capacity concept among NEs according
to the capacity offered by current in-field BSCs

Enable cost sharing of one eTRAU between more BSCs

CAPEX reduction
OPEX reduction

Logistic costs
Floor space (reduced footprint and reduced NEs number)
Energy saving (lower power consumption)
Easy Configuration, High Flexibility (add new MSBs if needed; pay-as-you-grow )
Common use of spare blades saves redundant parts
Optimized O&M (time)
Full eTRAU HW reuse

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10571 Multi-operator BSS


Description

Sharing of Sites, Radio


network elements and
their deployment:

Radio Network Controller (BSC)


Base Station (BTS)
Related site and transmission
equipment
Site selection, network planning
and roll-out

Individual Operator:

Operator 1
Services,
CN

MNC 1

BSC
BTS

Operator 2
Services,
CN

TRX
Cell Parameters
Core Network
Services
Non-shared RAN also supported

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Nokia Siemens Networks

Freq. 1

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

Shared
BSC

Shared
BTS

Shared
Site

Freq. 2
MNC 2

CN - Core Network
MNC - Mobile Network Code

BR10.0

SF10571 Multi-operator BSS


Technical Description (1)

Gb Sharing Solution
Individual PS Resources (PCUs) for the Sharing operators
Separation achieved through the Operator specific PCUs
Enhanced PCU Connectivity possible though Multipoint Gb feature
Shared
BSC

Operator 1
PS Core

Gb

PCU1
PCU2

Shared
Abis

Gb
Operator 2
PS Core
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

TRX 1
BCCH1
TRX 2
BCCH 2

Shared BTS

BR10.0

SF10571 Multi-operator BSS


Technical Description (2)

A Sharing Solution
Shared CS Resources for the Sharing operators
Separation achieved through the Operator specific Location Areas
Prior activation of the Multipoint A feature is required
Shared
BSC

Operator 1
CS Core

A
LAs1
LAs2

Shared
Abis

TRX 1
BCCH1
TRX 2
BCCH 2

A
Operator 2
CS Core
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Nokia Siemens Networks

Range of used LAs


BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

Shared BTS

BR10.0

SF10571 Multi-operator BSS


Platforms / Restrictions
HW Prerequisites:
BTS plus
SW Prerequisites:
Prior activation of SF10969 Multiple PCU Pooling (basic feature) is required
Restrictions:
SF10556 Flexible A- Interface is not supported in combination
with SF10571 Multi-operator BSS
SF10503 Flexible Gb is not supported in combination
with SF10571 Multi-operator BSS

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10604 IMSI Based Handover


Description

Without: Only supported in UTRAN, allowing to handover a UE from 3G


into a selected neighbor network, either 2G or 3G.
With: Control of HO between networks of different operators according to
the identity of a subscriber, as GERAN feature. This allows to optimize costs
caused by network visits.
Benefit

Co-operation among operators with different RAT, with roaming and sharing
agreements
The access of partner subscribers can be limited to defined cells only, in
order to maintain service preference to own subscribers. This allows to
optimize costs caused by network visits.
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10604 IMSI Based Handover


Applications

IMSI Based HO from GERAN to UTRAN could be used by GSM operator:

offering GSM coverage to UTRAN competitors in the same country

with also an own UTRAN network (and subscribers) in the same country, in order
to have an own complete control and coverage of the field

in order to prevent handover attempts of its subscribers towards UTRAN network


belonging to other operators

in order to prevent handover attempts of other operator subscribers from its GSM
network towards the related subscriber UTRAN network

Possible Scenarios:

Several UMTS operators (e.g. in Europe) have not an own GSM network

Important when UMTS system only covers small areas ("UMTS islands").

The lack of coverage area is balanced by other operator with an own GSM
network in the same country

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10604 IMSI Based Handover


Technical Description

Handover according to identity of a Mobile subscriber


(IMSI) between networks belonging to different
operators.
The GSM host operator composes

A list of Authorized Networks into the BSC,


basing on roaming and sharing agreements,
providing equal access rights to specified
Subscriber Groups
A list of Subscriber Groups, attaching them to
the desired Authorized Networks

Benefits by geographical RAN sharing and common


shared RAN concepts by enabling directed
handovers between shared and home/authorized
networks.

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Nokia Siemens Networks

2.

1.
Subscriber Group
data table
Access data for Operator
X subscribers
Access data for Operator
Y subscribers

All networks
permitted
Authorised
Networks #1 data

Access data for Operator


G subscribers

Operator X
Subscriber
Operator Y
Subscriber
Operator G
Subscriber

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

Authorised
Networks
data table for
HOST GSM
Operator G

Authorised
Networks #10
data

BR10.0

SF10556 Flexible A- Interface


Description

Without
Fixed relation / connection of one BSC to one Core Node

BSC

MSC

With
Flexible relation / connection of one BSC to more than

one Core Node of one PLMN


Applicable for both, Release 99 architecture (MSC) as
well as Release 4 architecture (Media Gateway / MSC-S)
The load is distributed over more than one CN
Redundancy in case of link error or CN failure

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

MSC 1

BSC

MSC n

BR10.0

SF10556 Flexible A- Interface


Benefit

Load distribution over several Core Nodes for CS


Core Node dimensioning according average traffic volume (load balancing)
Protection against A-link or Core Node failure or maintenance
new calls will be distributed to alternative Core Nodes

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10556 Flexible A- Interface


Scenarios for Implementation / Markets

All customers / markets


Platforms / Restrictions

HW Prerequisites:
none
SW Prerequisites:
none

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10556 Flexible A- Interface


Technical Description (example)

1.

2.
3.

traffic connection
from RAN 1 via
MGW 1 to MSCS1
link from RAN 1
to MGW 1 fails
rerouting of traffic
via MGW 2 to
MSC-S1

4.

link from MGW 2


to MGW 1 fails

5.

rerouting of traffic
via MGW 2 to
MSC-S2

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Nokia Siemens Networks

MSC-S 1
MGW 1

RAN 1
pool
area**
MGW 2

RAN 2

**collection of one or more RAN node service areas,


served by multiple CN nodes

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

MSC-S 2

BR10.0

SF10565 IP Interface support for LMT


Description

Without
LMT connection to Network Elements via V.11/X.21 interface
As today's Notebooks do not support these interfaces, commercial
adapters and expander/replicators are necessary

With
LMT connection to Network Elements via Ethernet TCP/IP
Direct connection to Network Elements without additional hardware
Benefit

No additional expensive hardware necessary


Fast TCP/IP connection to the Network Elements
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10565 IP Interface support for LMT


Scenarios for Implementation / Markets

All customers

Platforms / Restrictions

HW Prerequisites:
BSC1
eBSC
eTRAU
BTSplus
SW Prerequisites:
none

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10565 IP Interface support for LMT


Technical Description (example)

Direct connection of LMT to


active MPCC of BSC1

Connection of LMT via an


external hub; switch possible
Hub

BSC 1

BSC 1

MPCC
active

LMT

MPCC
active

MPCC

MPCC

standby

standby

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

LMT

BR10.0

SF10560 Internal Ethernet / IP Interfaces for BSS


Description

Without
Abis- and Asub-Interfaces on PCM E1 or T1 lines
With increasing data rates more PCM lines necessary
Ethernet / IP Interfaces only with external equipment
With
Abis- and Asub-Interfaces with Ethernet / IP Interfaces
Integrated Ethernet / IP Interfaces for high data rates
Benefit

Lower OPEX costs as leased Ethernet lines compared to E1/T1 leased lines
with the same bandwidth
No external equipment necessary
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10560 Internal Ethernet / IP Interfaces for BSS


Scenarios for Implementation / Markets

All customers / markets

Platforms / Restrictions

HW Prerequisites:
BTSplus with CES-COBA (except BS-82)
eBSC with LIPS or external IP interface box hiD66xx
eTRAU with LIPS or external IP interface box hiD66xx
SW Prerequisites:
LIPS Hardware will be released with RG20
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10560 Internal Ethernet / IP Interfaces for BSS


Technical Description
TD
M
E1

PDH/SDH
Network

TD
M
E1

TRAU

GSM
Site

BTS

TD
M
E1

IP/Ethernet
Network
IP

IP

FE

GE

GSM

eBSC

BTS

IP

Site

FE

IP
GE

GSM
eTRAU

BTS
FE: Fast Ethernet
GE:Gigabit Ethernet

The interworking between the CES-COBA Ethernet ports and the E1/T1 interfaces of the COSA
4P12 is planned for a later release
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10560 Internal Ethernet / IP Interfaces for BSS


Technical Description

TDM
E1

PDH/SDH
Network

TDM
E1

TRAU

GSM
BTS

Site

TDM
E1

IP/Ethernet
Network
IP

IP

TDM

FE

FE

E1

GSM
BTS

BSC

hiD
Site

B
IP
FE

TDM
E1

FE: Fast Ethernet


hiD

GE:Gigabit Ethernet
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

TRAU

BR10.0

SF10560 Internal Ethernet / IP Interfaces for BSS


Technical Description

Pseudo Wire / Circuit emulation services over PSN (CESoPSN)


E1
Packet Header
Ch24
TS31

Ch2
TS1

Ch1
TS0

Ch24
TS31

Ch2
TS1

Ch1
TS0

Ch24
TS31

Ch2
TS1

Ch1
TS0

Payload

CESoPSN

Ch24
TS31

Ch2
TS2

Ch1 TS31
TS1
Ch24

(e.g.IP/UDP/PW)

Ch2
TS2

Ch1
TS1

Header

*)

IWF

Realization example BTSplus


PE device

a)

CE device
(COBA)

AC

a) external solution

PSN Tunnel
PW

b)

PCM Highway

CES-COBA

b) internal solution CES-COBA

PE block
AC

PSN Tunnel
PW

*) for each E1 an own PW is segmented


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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10560 Internal Ethernet / IP Interfaces for BSS


To be considered

BSC1 and TRAU do not support the internal CESoPSN solution, the external solution
must be used
The integrated CESoPSN solution offers full compatibility to the external solution
implemented in the BR9.0 feature FD12292 "Ethernet Transport for Iub and Abis"
regarding e.g. protocol stack, addressing, synchronization. A mixed working mode is
possible.
In case the PSN does not allow the synchronization of the BTS via the packet stream
with a sufficient accuracy, it is possible to synchronize the BTS to an external
synchronization source like e.g. a GPS receiver (see the BR10.0 feature FD10564
"External 1pps Interface Support for BTS").
The maximum delay over Abis and Asub has not to exceed the maximum allowed
delay values. The delay can be influenced by optimizing network planning and
parameter settings.
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10564 External 1pps interface support for BTS


Description

Without
Synchronization of BTS to Abis
If Abis cannot provide the required frequency stability and precision, a
degradation up to a complete loss of service is possible

With
External clock source support via the 1pps interface
Clock precision towards the air interface ensured
Benefit

Precise clock especially if Abis is based on:


IP transport
Satellite and satellite transport is based on IP
E1/T1 via a fixed network with poor clock quality
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10564 External 1pps interface support for BTS


Scenarios for Implementation / Markets

All customers with Abis clock quality problems

Platforms / Restrictions

HW Prerequisites:
BTSplus with COBA 4P12 v2 or CES-COBA (except old BS-82)
SW Prerequisites / Dependencies:
SF10560 Internal Ethernet/IP Interfaces for BSS
SF10956 Network Synchronization
SF012292 Ethernet Transport for Iub and Abis

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10564 External 1pps interface support for BTS


Technical Description

Either the Abis interface or


1pps
sync input

Abis I/F
sync input

BTS
COBA
OCVCXO
internal
clock output
CU

CU

CU

the external 1pps interface


can be used to synchronize
As external source a 3rd party GPS
receiver can be used
the external source can be enabled
by O&M command
the accuracy is monitored

Um I/F

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Nokia Siemens Networks

in case the external source fails or is


not connected the BTS switches to
internal hold mode, an alarm is
generated

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10572 Support of Real Time Road Traffic Information


Description

Without
Real time road traffic information only with external Abis probes
With
No external Abis probes needed
Real time road traffic information based on subscriber measurements

Benefit

Subscriber can receive real time road traffic information together with

navigation devices
The navigation devices can give the user support to by-pass the traffic jam
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10572 Support of Real Time Road Traffic Information


Scenarios for Implementation / Markets

All customers

Platforms / Restrictions

HW Prerequisites:
none

SW Prerequisites / Dependencies:
none

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BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10572 Support of Real Time Road Traffic Information


Technical Description (Example)
Information is based on the TA and Cell identity per call
BSC is routing the information to a Vendor Network Probe (VNP)
The VNP is collecting the information from various BSC and forwarding to
the operators Collector Units (CU)
The CU calculate the Real Time Road Traffic Information
VNP

BSC
SIGTRAN

SS7

SS7

MSC/
STP

Server

SIGTRAN
VNP

BSC

Server
SS7

BSC

SIGTRAN

VNP
Spare

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Nokia Siemens Networks

CU

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

CU

BR10.0

SF10573 Management of Standby TRX for BTS


Description

Without
No Standby TRX configurable
BCCH reconfiguration requires a second created TRX at BSC database
With
Standby TRX for redundant reasons
Second TRX to be equipped and created at BTSE
In case the active TRX fails, the system will reconfigure automatically to the
standby TRX

Benefit

No service interruption in case of TRX failure (except for reconfiguration


period)
BCCH redundancy
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BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10573 Management of Standby TRX for BTS


Scenarios for Implementation / Markets

GSM-R customers
Customers with redundancy requirements
Platforms / Restrictions

HW Prerequisites:
BTSplus

SW Prerequisites / Dependencies:
none

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10573 Management of Standby TRX for BTS


Technical Description
actual implementation

cell fully in service

CU:0 failed

TRX
0

TRX
0

BSCDB

BCCH

CU
0

BTSEDB

no
reconfiguration
supported

CU
1

with Management of
Standby TRX feature

BSCDB

BTSEDB

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Nokia Siemens Networks

TRX
0
BCCH

reconfigurati
on

BCCH

CU
0

not considered
as
not assigned to
TRX
TRX
0

BCCH

CU
0

CU
1

CU
0

standbyStatus
providingServic
e

standbyStatus
coldStandby

standbyStatus
NULL

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

CU
1

CU
1
standbyStatus
providingServic
e

BR10.0

SF10513 ASCI: Group Call Broadcast Point in BSS


Description
Without

Without:

VGCS requires for each cell one DL channel


to be assigned between MSC and BSC.
Using VGCS in PLMNs for public
institutions like police etc. will cause a
heavy load on A and Asub link/network
resources

MSC

BSC
BTS

With:

With

The broadcast functionality is moved from the

core network to the BSS, thereby significantly


saving the A and Asub resources.

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

MSC

BSC
BTS

BR10.0
SF10513 ASCI: Group Call Broadcast Point in BSS
Benefit

Significant savings in the network between BSS and MSS


Leased line OPEX savings (mostly the case),
or:

Reduced need for investments (CAPEX) in own infrastructure

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10513 ASCI: Group Call Broadcast Point in BSS


Scenarios for Implementation / Markets

All Railway Operators using GSM-R


All Public Operators offering Public Mobile Radio (PMR) Applications to
subscriber groups

Platforms / Restrictions

HW Prerequisites:
BTS1 or BTSplus
BSC1 or eBSC

SW Prerequisites / Dependencies:
SF10403 ASCI: Voice Group Call Service (VGCS)
If A-Interface link sharing is enabled, the feature "Wireless Priority Service" (SF10968)
must be disabled in the cells where ASCI is enabled
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10513 ASCI: Group Call Broadcast Point in BSS


Technical Description (Example)
Group Call Area

BSC

TRAU

SNAP

STLP

UL
DL
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

STLP

BTS

STLP

BTS

STLP

BTS

BR10.0

SF10513 ASCI: Group Call Broadcast Point in BSS


Technical Description (Example)
Group Call Area

eBSC

BTS
LM-xx
BTS

SMAC
TRAU

LM-xx

BTS
LM-xx
BTS

Multicast

BTS
LM-xx
BTS

UL
DL

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10553 ASCI: Reactivation of VGCS/VBS channels


after service unavailability
Description
Without
A Group or Broadcast call is released after a BSS failure or
congestion in a cell and is not re-established again
With
A released Group or Broadcast call is re-established after the reason
for releasing the call is solved
Benefit
The re-establishment of the call ensures that all subscribers related to
a Group or Broadcast call are in the call as soon as the release reason
is solved.
Higher security for the broadcast of the call.
Company Confidential
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10553 ASCI: Reactivation of VGCS/VBS channels


after service unavailability
Scenarios for Implementation / Markets
All Railway Operators using GSM-R
All Public Operators offering Public Mobile Radio (PMR) Applications to
subscriber groups

Platforms / Restrictions
HW Prerequisites:
BTS1 or BTSplus
BSC1 or eBSC

SW Prerequisites / Dependencies:

SF10403 ASCI: Voice Group Call Service (VGCS)


If A-Interface link sharing is enabled, the feature "Wireless Priority Service" (SF10968)
must be disabled in the cells where ASCI is enabled

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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10553 ASCI: Reactivation of VGCS/VBS channels


after service unavailability
Technical Description (1)
Probable reasons to release a call:
outage of a cell / TRX where the VGCS/VBS is assigned
locking of resources by the operator
pre-emption due to congestion at resource assignment or higher
priority call
shut down from operator for O&M reasons
Current talker is not in the cell where resources have to be released:
BSC sends VGCS/VBS Assignment Status message to the MSC
indicating that the cell is no longer available for the ASCI call
BSC releases the Radio Resources related to this call and cell
Information's related to the call are stored in an new ASCI call reestablishment buffer to be able to re-establish the call as soon as
possible
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Nokia Siemens Networks

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10553 ASCI: Reactivation of VGCS/VBS channels


after service unavailability
Technical Description (2)
After the cell is available again the re-establishment buffer is checked
If not enough resources are available, the calls with highest priority will be
served first
New calls will be queued (ASCI and point-to-point) and served according their
priority
If two calls have the same priority, the one in the ASCI re-establishment buffer
will be served first
MSC is informed then via a VGCS/VBS Assignment Status message that the
cell is again available for that ASCI call

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BR10.0

SF10553 ASCI: Reactivation of VGCS/VBS channels


after service unavailability
Technical Description (3)
Current talker is in the cell where resources have to be released:
The talker can be assigned in 1 (group channel) or 1.5 channel (dedicated
channel) mode
1.5 channel mode and channel of the talker is not impacted:
mobile stays as talker. If group channel is not recovered when talker has
finished, his mobile changes to idle mode
1.5 channel mode and channel of talker is impacted:
BSC signals to MSC that uplink is released, resources will be released
and new talker can take it
1 channel mode and the talkers resources are impacted:
BSC signals to MSC that uplink is released, resources will be released
If it is an VBS call and the impacted resources were assigned to a calling
subscriber, the call will be released
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BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

SF10553 ASCI: Reactivation of VGCS/VBS channels


after service unavailability
Technical Description (4)
VGCS/VBS call re-configuration after shut-down command:
A point-to-point call will be tried to move by an handover
This is not possible with an ASCI call because here only the talker using this
channel could be moved: the call is released after expiry of the timer
Listeners and talker are informed via the VGCS/VBS reconfiguration procedure
about the change in the VGCS/VBS channel description
The call will be re-configured at a new Traffic Channel
The BTS has to send VGSC/VBS reconfiguration messages with a starting time
provided by the BSC

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BR10.0
SF10570 ASCI: CS data transmission during active VGCS

Description

Without
No CS data transmission during an active VGCS possible
Data exchange only via GPRS for PtP
With
Short data messages can be sent during an active VGCS

Benefit

Possibility to sent short data messages during an active VGCS allows to


switch off old analogue shunting yard communication systems and use
the existing GSM-R system instead
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BR10.0
SF10570 ASCI: CS data transmission during active VGCS
Scenarios for Implementation / Markets

All Railway Operators using GSM-R

Platforms / Restrictions

HW Prerequisites:
BTSplus
SW Prerequisites:
SF10403 ASCI: Voice Group Call Service (VGCS)

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BR10.0
SF10570 ASCI: CS data transmission during active VGCS
Technical Description

The talker can send short application data (e.g. 6 bits controlling signals) to the
ongoing VGCS voice group call
Any listener can send a command to the train driver even if another one is
talking (uplink busy)
The train driver as listener or subsequent talker can send an acknowledgement
to the sender (e.g. the shunting team leader)
The transmission time of the short application data is about 500 ms (E2E)
Mix channel mode (1.5 or 1.0 per VGCS) is supported to avoid waste of
resources (Note: only in the 1.5 channel mode the 500ms are possible)
Listener
Talker

Voice & short data


Acknowledgement
of data to previous
sender

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Listener
Voice
and/or
data

Listener

BR10.0

Additional Functionalities
New functionalities included in
Basic package

Remote Firmware Download for BTSplus


Firmware upgrade for BTSplus boards remote from Radio Commander:
Boot SW of CU and COBA
MFDUAMCO firmware
O&M Support for MFDUAMCO
RX Gain adjustment from Radio Commander (instead of DIP Switch)
VSWR thresholds for alarm and warning configurable
Remote settings for TMA

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BR10.0

Additional Functionalities
New functionalities included in
Basic package

Universal Slot concept for eBSC and eTRAU


More flexible system configurations
Same system layout for eBSC and eTRAU
Easier upgrade / extension

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BR10.0

New Hardware in BR10.0 Timeframe


New Hardware for BTS:

CES-COBA

New Hardware for BSC/TRAU:

Integrated eBSC/eTRAU

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BR10.0

New Hardware in BR10.0 Timeframe


100 BT
compliant
4 x RJ45

CES-COBA and ETHCON


BTSplus

100BT 100BT
PHY
PHY

CES-COBA
requires BR10.0
offers single 100 Base-T interface
can be complemented with COSA4P12
CES-COBA redundancy possible
Ethernet E1/T1 I/W is possible (not BR10) Backplane
ETHCON
complements CES-COBA
2 + 2 100Base-T
optional optical interfaces
switching functionality
managed by CES-COBA
Instead of ABISCON/OVPTPHY
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SFP

multi drop configuration

SFP SFP

Switch
100BT
PHY

ETHCON

Data and Control

CES-COBA

CES-COBA

CESoIP

CESoIP

100BT
PHY

100BT
PHY

Ethernet PHYsical layer device


Small Form Pluggable

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

100FX
optional

BR10.0

New Hardware in BR10.0 Timeframe


CES-COBA Functionality

controls the entire BTSE*


provides Circuit emulation service over an IP/Ethernet links
(CESoP) with capacity of 8 E1s
clock synchronisation over Ethernet + clock input (BR10.0
feature 1pps)
supports up to 12 CUs
providing Ethernet interface for LMT connection*
works together with COSA 4P12 and COREXT
power supply and supervision for ETHCON

(evaluation board)

* like the COBA 4P12


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BR10.0

New Hardware in BR10.0 Timeframe


ETHCON Functionality

Ethernet Switch

connected via backplane to active CES-COBA

Electrical and (optional) optical interfaces to the Abis transmission


network

external clock interface (can be used for 1pps sync feature/BR10.0)

ETHCON supervision via in-band signaling to CES-COBA

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BR10.0

New Hardware in BR10.0 Timeframe


ETHCON external interfaces

External Connectivity:
2 100Base-T (RJ-45 socket) for network usage
2 100Base-T (RJ-45 socket) for service usage
2 ports for optional SFP Fast Ethernet industry standard modules
offering various optical interfaces
SFPs can be installed in the field and are hot-pluggable
SFP 100FX for MMF (up to 2 km, LC connector)
other SFPs can be released in future
External clock interface (used for 1pps feature)
Draft layout

SFP
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MMF
SFP

MultiMode Fiber
Small Form Pluggable

RJ-45 connectors and SFP ports

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

BR10.0

New Hardware in BR10.0 Timeframe


Combined eBSC/eTRAU
ALARM PANEL

Single shelf eBSC can be configured

with single shelf eTRAU in the same


rack
Upper shelf reserved to eBSC
Lower shelf reserved to eTRAU
Asub implemented via either LISO
(STM1/OC3) or LIPS (GE), with
intershelf connection between upper
and lower shelf
eBSC capacity in the configuration
example:
Connectivity: 4 STM1 links (252
E1 equivalent)
Data Capacity: 5100 PDTCH
eTRAU capacity in the configuration
example:
5670 codec (189 A interfaces)

I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O

Fan box
L
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L
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L
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L
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L
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A
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S
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O

LL
II
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S
T
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L
L M M A A
II C C P P
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S P P - T
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M M

Connectivity Modules
LIET + I/O
LISO-C/U/M
LIPS

Data Capacity Modules


UPM
Air inlet + supply inlet
DC panel, filtering and distribution
Exhaust air channel
SM I/O

SM I/O

Fan box
M M M M M M M S S
S S S S S S S M M
B B B B B B B A A
C C

The Feature will be released later,


depending on customer request

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eBSC/eTRAU core units:


SMAC, SM I/O, AP-M, MCP

A E1 E1 E1 E1 E1 E1 E1 E1 E1 S S
C T1 T1 T1 T1 T1 T1 T1 T1 T1 M M
F
C

BR10.0 Features Call Processing/ RA PM GSM/ 05.2009

L
I
S
O

L
I
S
O

L
I
S
O

Air inlet + supply inlet

L M M
I C C
S P P
O

Transcoder Modules
MSB

BR10.0

Hardware Dependencies
SF

Name

BTS1 w/
BBSIG44 *)

BTSplus

BTSplus
ECU/FlexCU

10513

ASCI: Group Call Broadcast Point in BSS

yes

yes

yes

10550

Different level thresholds for RACH access and HO access

no

yes

yes

10551

Link Adaptation Enhancements for GRPS and EGPRS

no

yes

yes

10553

ASCI: Reactivation of VGCS/VBS channels after service unavailability

yes

yes

yes

10557

AMR Wideband TCH/WFS

no

no

yes

10558

Repeated SACCH and Modified Scheduling

no

no**)

yes

10560

Internal Ethernet / IP Interfaces for BSS

no

yes

yes

10564

External 1pps interface support for BTS

no

yes

yes

10565

IP Interface support for LMT

no

yes

yes

10568

Advanced Packet Resource Allocation

no

yes

yes

10570

ASCI: CS data transmission during active VGCS

no

yes

yes

10572

Support of Real Time Road Traffic Information

no

yes

yes

10573

Management of Standby TRX for BTS

no

yes

Yes

10562

Dual Carrier in Downlink

no

no

Yes

10571

Multi-operator BSS

no

yes

Yes

*) BTS1 is supported in BR10.0 only with BR9.0 feature set except Group Call Broadcast Point in BSS and Reactivation of VGCS/VBS channels
**) Modified scheduling is supported by all CU types
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BR10.0

Dependencies on MS and Core Network


SF

Title

NSN MSC

NSN SGSN

MS impact

10562

GERAN Evolution: Dual Carrier in Downlink

10556

Flexible A- Interface

CS-5,
available

10557

AMR Wideband TCH/WFS

CS-5,
available

10513

Group Call Broadcast Point in BSS

10558

Repeated SACCH and modified scheduling

R6 *)

10551

Link Adaptation Enhancements for GPRS/ EDGE

x **)

10553

Reactivation of VGCS/VBS channels after service unavailability

CS-6, Q1/08

10570

CS data transmission during active VGCS call

CS-6, Q1/08

*) optional feature for mobiles

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R7 *)

R6 *)

CS-6, Q1/08

**) for full benefit


SAIC capable
Mobiles required

The future is not something


we travel to
its something we build

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