Sie sind auf Seite 1von 2

Atomic'Structure'Notes '

Inside'the'atom'there'are'3'major'subatomic'par ticles.''

Subatomic'

Symbol '

Location '

Charge '

Mass '

particle '

Proton '

   

+

 

Electron '

   

?

 

Neutron '

   

neutral '

 

Protons 'give'each'element'it’s' atomic'number' (look' on'the'periodic' table'to'find'the'number'of'protons'that'each'element'has ) .' '

12'

Mg'

'

24.'3050 '

' '
' '

' '

Atomic'number '

It'means'that'Magnesium'has' 12 'protons '

' '
'
'

Atomic'mass '

Electrons 'are'the's ame'as'the'number'of'protons'as'long'as'the'atom'is' neutral'(not'an'ion).''Ex:'magnesium'also'has'12 'electrons '

The' atomic'mass ' is'also'found'on'the'periodic'table.'This'is'the'average' mass'of'one'atom'of'that'element.' The' mass'number 'is'equal'to'the' number 'of'proto ns'plus'the'number'of'neutrons. '

Neutrons'='Atomic'Mass'– 'Protons'

Ex ample : 'The' average'atomic'mass 'of'magnesium'that'is'on'the' periodic'table'is' 24.'3050 'g/mol.'' The'mass'number'of'magnesium' is'the' average'atomic'mass'rounded'to' the'n earest'whole'number ? 24 . ' If'we' want'to'know'the'number'of'neutrons'in'an'atom'of'magnesium'we'

subtract'the'atomic'mass'(24)'minus'the'number'of'protons'(12).'

Ne utrons'in'Magnesium'atom'='24'– '12'='

'

Now'you'try:'Fill'in'the'blanks'for'the'following'neutral'atoms. '

Element ' Symbol' Atomic' Atomic' Mass' Protons ' Neutrons' Electrons ' Number
Element '
Symbol'
Atomic'
Atomic'
Mass'
Protons '
Neutrons'
Electrons
'
Number '
Mass '
Number'
********
'
******** '
********
'
(rounded) '
Magnesiu
Mg '
12
'
24.'3050 '
24 12
'
'
12 '
12
'
m
'
Selenium '
'
'
'
' '
' '
Beryllium '
'
'
'
' '
' '
Carbon '
'
'
'
' '
' '

'