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INDEX

INTRODUCTION. SOLAR ENERGY. WIND ENERGY. HYBRID SYSTEM (WIND-SOLAR). FEATURES OF HYBRID SYSTEM. CASE STUDY CONCLUSION. BIBLIOGRAPHY.

INTRODUCTION

Today, the world is progressing at quite a fast rate with the use of the conventional sources of energy. The two major disadvantages of using them are the environmental pollution created by its use and its limited quantity. On the other hand the Non-conventional sources of energy are available in plenty,

free of cost and pollution free. So it’s the time to think for

switching on to the Non-conventional sources and restrict the use of conventional sources of energy

Many types of clean and renewable energy sources can be

used in the production of electrical energy.

These include solar energy, wind

energy, wave energy, hydroelectricity, biomass energy, energy from wastes, tidal power,

and geothermal energy.

All of these energy sources have environmental benefits over the

use of fossil fuels.

Our paper deals with the Energy conservation Technique which is a

combination of two Non-

conventional sources of energy, i.e. Solar and Wind Energy.

• These include solar energy, wind energy, wave energy, hydroelectricity, biomass energy, energy from wastes, tidal

SOLAR ENERGY

Four-fifths of the sun’s energy falls

on the oceans and drives the water

cycle. Evaporation from the sea

causes rain to fall on the land, resulting in the global hydropower resource. The remaining fifth of the

sun’s energy falls on the land and is

still about 2,000 times greater than total world energy demand.

The three main technologies that

have been developed to capture this

energy are Passive Solar, Solar Thermal, and Photovoltaic modules.

SOLAR ENERGY

(DISADVANTAGES)

Apart from its advantages few Disadvantages are as follows:-

Solar power is not always completely predictable because it depends on the amount of sunlight that reaches the Earth at any given time. This precludes solar power generation during the night when sunlight does not reach the

part of the Earth in which the cell is located and limits solar power

generation when cloud cover scatters portions of the electromagnetic

spectrum.

Some forms of solar power are not currently cost competitive. A

Photovoltaic power station is expensive to build, about 10% efficient, and the energy payback time is large of the order of five years.

WIND ENERGY

The uneven heating of the earth’s surface by the sun causes wind. This

heat is absorbed by the ground or water

and is

then

transferred

into

the

air,

causing differences in air temperature,

density and pressure. These differences

then create forces

that

push

the

air

around. Like the water that flows in the river.

The wind contains energy that can be

converted into electricity using wind

turbines. Currently, more than 20,000 wind turbines are used for generating electricity around the world.

Wind power projects can also be very

stimulating for local economics.

WIND ENERGY

(DISADVANTAGES)

As Solar Energy Wind Energy too has some Disadvantages. Wind power is irregular in many locations, because consistent wind is needed to ensure continuous power generation Commercial generation requires a wind farm over large areas having an effect on scenery The effect of large scale wind farms on the climate is unknown.

Thus to overcome from the disadvantages of these energy techniques we should combine these two techniques and By

this we can achieve more efficient and environment friendly

energy source throughout year.

HYBRID SYSTEM

(HSWPS)

Hybrid Systems - Utility Connected with Battery Backup. A combination of

the above systems, these applications have the advantages of both. They are connected to the utility grid in case the weather is insufficient for the solar or wind system, but they also have batteries to store electricity in case the utility grid goes down as well. The design and installation of these

systems is more complicated and expensive, but they are the most effective

in providing constant, reliable electricity.

The System Include

PV Array Aero-Wind Generator Wind Controller

Inverter

Wind Turbine Solar Controller Battery Bank

Loads

HYBRID SYSTEM

(HSWPS)

PV Array:-

A number of series and/or

PV panels connected in

in parallel

giving a

DC

output out of the incident irradiance.

Orientation and tilt of these panels are

important design parameters, as well

as

shading

obstructions.

from surrounding

Wind Turbine:-

Which is installed

on

top

of

a

tall

tower, collects kinetic energy from the wind and converts it to electricity that is compatible with a home’s electrical

system.

HYBRID SYSTEM (HSWPS) PV Array:- A number of series and/or PV panels connected in in parallel
HYBRID SYSTEM (HSWPS) PV Array:- A number of series and/or PV panels connected in in parallel

HYBRID SYSTEM

(HSWPS)

Aero-Wind Generator:-

This is one of the main components in this system and converts kinetic energy of wind into electrical energy in the wind into mechanical energy. An electric generator is coupled to the propeller shaft directly, this propeller in turn rotates rotor of the electric generator and in turn generates DC

electricity. The output from the wind

generator varies as per the wind speed. Wind electricity for decentralized system or hybrid generation of electricity using other energy sources

as wind regimes for localized small grid systems or battery charging..

HYBRID SYSTEM (HSWPS) Aero-Wind Generator :- This is one of the main components in this system

HYBRID SYSTEM

(HSWPS)

Solar Controller And Wind Controller:-

Controls

battery

bank

charge

and

discharge reasonable and safety.

Battery bank:

There can be a single battery or multiple batteries connected together to create essentially one large battery of the required voltage and amp-hour capacity. In some ways the battery configuration and capacity are the most important electrical power decision to make, and a wise choice can help guarantee a steady supply of

electrical power as well as a system that is

simple to operate and maintain.

HYBRID SYSTEM (HSWPS) Solar Controller And Wind Controller:- Controls battery bank charge and discharge reasonable and

HYBRID SYSTEM

Inverter:-

(HSWPS)

A power converter that ¡°inverts¡± the

DC power from the panels into power.

.

AC

Loads:-

Stands for the network connected appliances in the building that are fed from the inverter (AC loads), or from the battery bank(DC loads).

HYBRID SYSTEM Inverter :- (HSWPS) A power converter that ¡°inverts¡± the DC power from the panels
HYBRID SYSTEM Inverter :- (HSWPS) A power converter that ¡°inverts¡± the DC power from the panels

HYBRID SYSTEM

(HSWPS)

INSTALLED CAPACITY OF POWER GENERATION THROUGH NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY IN INDIA

Sr. No.

Sources Of Energy

Capacity

  • 1 Wind Energy

:

18420.40MW

  • 2 Solar

1176.25 MW

  • 3 Municipal Solid Waste.

:

113.60 MW

  • 4 Biomass Power / Bagasse Co-generation

:

3488.23 MW

  • 5 Small Hydro

:

3496.14 MW

Total

26697.62 MW

HYBRID SYSTEM

(HSWPS)

MINIMUM TARGET FOR 12 TH FIVE YEAR PLAN (2012-2017) IS PROPOSED FOR INDIA AS FOLLOWS :

Sr. No.

Program

Target (in GW)

  • 1 Wind Power

:

15

  • 2 Solar Power

:

10

  • 3 Biomass Power

:

3

  • 6 Small Hydro Power

:

2

Total

30

CASE STUDY

(HSWPS)

AS ESTIMATED AT CHUNNAMBAR, PONDICHERRY :

Energy

Model Output in kWh per

Actual Output in kWh

Percentage

Generation

annum

per annum

Variation

System

Wind Generation

3569

3347

6.22

System(3.3kW)

Solar Generation System(1.8 kW)

3094

2872

7.18

TOTAL

6663

6219

6.66

CASE STUDY

(HSWPS)

CASE STUDY (HSWPS)

FEATURES

(HSWPS)

  • Designed for easy to operate ,servicing and maintenance where required

  • Most Eco-friendly & clean source of power.

  • No pollution

and

no recurring fuel costs, Highly

reliable and consistent power supply.

  • Long life span for SPV modules & Modular design

  • Very few moving parts-negligible maintenance required

  • Increases public safety and aids in providing a safe

working

risky

environment in areas where mains power is

APPLICATIONS

(HSWPS)

  • Ideal for cell phone recipient stations.

  • Farm houses, Guesthouses, Hospitals, Hotels, Laboratories and R&D centres

  • Remote and Rural village electrification.

  • Residential colonies and Apartments general Lighting.

  • Street Lighting.

  • Transmissions and communication Tower and many more applications.

CONCLUSION

  • Because the seasonal profiles of the wind and solar resources are somewhat complementary in some reason, combination of wind and solar perform better than either wind or solar alone

  • Under the circumstance of power failure this hybrid system keeps the continuity of supply without producing any noise pollution, dislike any other power generating equipment i.e. D.G. Set with noisy operation.

  • High Efficiency than Individual systems.

  • Since the longer pay back time of investing renewable energy system, little firms are interested in investing the renewable system.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Dr. Hiregowdara Yerrannagouda, assistance professor, Mech. Engg. Dept., Vijayanagar Engineering College of Bellary.

DR. Recayi Pecen, member of Tau Beta Pi National Engineering Honor Society,

IEEE and NAIT. Dr. MD Salim, faculty of University of Northern Lowa.

Dr. Marc Timmerman, faculty of University of Tulsa and of University of Northern Lowa.

www.mahaurja.com (MAHARASHTRA ENERGY DEVELOPMENT AGENCY). http://www.renewindians.com/2012/12/Renewable-energy-contribution-in-india.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electricity_sector_in_India(Wikipedia) http://www.umass.edu. http://energy.gov/energysaver/articles/hybrid-wind-and-solar-electric-systems.

BIBLIOGRAPHY • Dr. Hiregowdara Yerrannagouda, assistance professor, Mech. Engg. Dept., Vijayanagar Engineering College of Bellary. •www.mahaurja .com (MAHARASHTRA ENERGY DEVELOPMENT AGENCY). • http://www.renewindians.com/2012/12/Renewable-energy-contribution-in-india.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electricity_sector_in_India (Wikipedia) http://www.umass.edu . • http://energy.gov/energysaver/articles/hybrid-wind-and-solar-electric-systems. • Software.from MIT. " id="pdf-obj-20-44" src="pdf-obj-20-44.jpg">

Software.from MIT.