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Notes on

Examine and Evaluate the civil liberties record of the federal government during WWII
and discuss the governments response to the holocaust and to the plight of Jewish
refugees.

Japanese internment camp


-Clear example of MOB RULE
-Will of the people (racist sentiment of the mob)
- Executive order 9066 – Allowed for incarceration of Japanese Americans
-120,000 incarcerated.
-Mostly WEST COAST Japanese Americans, except Hawaii
-Hawaii is due to large population of Japanese and % income that is theirs
-Couldn’t afford to lose the income of Japanese, so did not intern on Hawaii.
-Manezar and other camps (Can’t spell it)
-Poor conditions
-Located in barren/isolated areas
- Cramped, lacked sanitation and utilities
- People had to give up personal belonging when moved there
-Two weeks to get rid of it all prior to the movement
-An example of the government taking stuff without due process of law
-Due to idea they were ALREADY guilty in public opinion
-Highly unconstitutional
-Backed by S.Court in Korematsu & Hirebawahtever case
-Reparations only come in 1988
-Only got 20,000 in return
-Only possible due to “grass root efforts”
Mexicans
-Zoot Suit Riots
-Direct attack on Mexicans wearing “zoot suits” (Suits were really gaudy)
-Segregation and racism exemplified here.
-Gaudy suits were hated by the rioting sailors due to the home fronts need for rationing.
Sailors believed they weren’t rationing.
Jewish Refugees
-Failed to do anything to prevent the death of millions of Jews
-Jewish Refugees
-Had no immigration papers due to the German blitz and fast assaults
-Rejected from America
-Feared loss of jobs to Jewish Immigrants, Feared they would become Democratic
-Closing of borders sent Jewish refugees back to Europe, eventually going back to
countries that were overrun.

Question Two:
Discuss the impact of the war on Blacks, Mexican Americans, Women, and families (in
terms of social and economic status
Effect on blacks
-More jobs -> factories and shipyards on the West Coast
-Economic freedom
-Manufacturing cities experienced growth due to the influx of black migrants
-West = shipyards, so more jobs
-IE: San Diego Shipyard
-Executive Order 8802
-Increased opportunities for blacks.
-More jobs gave them clout and allowed them to join/form unions
-NAACP + Double V campaign (Victory at home and at the front)
-Blacks gained momentum that would carry over into Civil Rights Campaigns.
-Often paralleled plight of African Americans in America to those of the Jewish in
Europe
Effects on Mexican Americans
-Bracero Program
-Promoted migrations by allowing short term work permits.

That’s it. We also watched:


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wEK45-_5y0s
So enjoy >_>-b