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Example 3 PanSystem

Stabilisati
on

Near Well bore effects: Infinite conductivity Vertical Fracture (half-unit slope,
wellbore storage effects not significant in comparison)

Reservoir Behaviour: Homogenous radial flow (curve stabilises to 0 gradient,


no double porosity behaviour observed)
Boundary Effects: Infinite lateral extent (No subsequent change in gradient is
observed)

Example 4 - Saphir

Liquid rate [STB/D]

Pressure [psia]

2650

2450

2250

250
0
0

200

400

600

800

Time [hr]

History plot (Pressure [psia], Liquid rate [STB/D] vs Time [hr])

Stabilisati
on

Pressure [psi]

100

10

1
1E-4

1E-3

0.01

0.1

10

Time [hr]

Log-Log plot: p-p@dt=0 and derivative [psi] vs dt [hr]

100

2750

Pressure [psi]

2650

2550

2450

Near Well bore


effects: Wellbore
storage (unit slope
signifies wellbore
storage effects)

2350

2250

Reservoir
Behaviour: PsuedoSuperposition Time Function
double-porosity system
Horner plot: p [psi] vs log(tp+dt)-log(dt) (significant change in slope
after
initial stabilisation leading to
a large dip, before hump rising up again to reach radial flow)
0

Boundary Effects: Infinite lateral extent (curve begins to stabilise after 2 nd


porosity reached)

Example 5 - Interpret
PressureC
hangeandD
erivative(psi)

1000

Log-LogD
iagnostic-FlowP
eriod2

100

10
0.1

Elapsed1t0
im
e(hrs)

100

1000

Stabilisati
on

Stabilisati
on

Log-LogDiagnostic-FlowPeriod2

Log-LogMatch-FlowPeriod2

100

10
0.1

10
Elapsedtime(hrs)

100

100

10
0.1

1000

100

200

10
Elapsedtime(hrs)

100

1000

HornerMatch-FlowPeriod2

Pressure(psia)

Pressure(psia)

HornerAnalysis-FlowPeriod2
520
500
480
460
440
420
400
380
360
340
320
300
280
260
2400

Model
Infinite Conductivity Vertical Frac. with C and S
2 Porosity, Restricted Interporosity Flow
Infinite Lateral Extent

1000

PressureChangeandDerivative(psi)

PressureChangeandDerivative(psi)

1000

300
400
SuperpositionFunction(STB/D)

500

600

520
500
480
460
440
420
400
380
360
340
320
300
280
260
2400

100

200

300
400
SuperpositionFunction(STB/D)

500

(pav)i
pwf
kh
k
C
xf
S(w)
S(t)
Omega
Lambda
ri
PI
FE
Dp(S)

Results
769.354
246.800
27.95
0.5590
0.1049
481.991
0.02
-6.85
0.1860
0.00041672
218
0.2871
0.9649
18.36

600

400

300
TotalRate(STB/D)

Pressure(psia)

Simulation(ConstantSkin)-FlowPeriod2
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
-100
-200
-300
-4010000

200

100

1100

1200
Elapsedtime(hrs)

1300

14000

Near Well bore effects: Infinite conductivity Vertical Fracture (half-unit slope,
wellbore storage effects not significant in comparison)
Reservoir Behaviour: Transient 2-porosity system (significant change in slope
after initial stabilisation)
Boundary Effects: Infinite lateral extent (curve begins to stabilise after 2 nd
porosity reached)

psia
psia
mD.ft
mD
bbl/psi
ft

ft
B/D/psi
fraction
psi

Example 6 - PIE
Near Well bore effects: Wellbore storage (unit slope signifies wellbore storage
effects)
Reservoir Behaviour: Radial flow (Derivative curve stabilises)
Boundary Effects: Single linear sealing fault (derivative curve destabilises and
destabilises in the late times, indicating single sealing fault)
2015/11/20-0000 : OIL

10 -1

Stabilisati
on
10 -2

Stabilisati
on

DP & DERIVATIVE (PSI/STB/D)

Log-Log diagnostic

10 -2

10 -1

10 0

10 1

Delta-T (hr)

Gringarten 6 OPC

10 -1
10 -2

DP & DERIVATIVE (PSI/STB/D)

Log-Log match

10 -2

10 -1

10 0

Delta-T (hr)

Gringarten 6 OPC
Horner Plot

10 1

2015/11/20-0000 : OIL

2015/11/20-0000 : OIL

3500.

P PSI

3600.

ENDWBS

3300.

3400.

SLOPE

10 0

10 1

10 2

10 3

10 4

(Tp +dT)/dT

Horner Match

Gringarten 6 OPC

2015/11/20-0000 : OIL

3500.
3400.
3300.

P PSI

3600.

3700.

ENDWBS

10 0

10 1

10 2

10 3

(Tp +dT)/dT

Gringarten 6 OPC

10 4

Pressure History Match & Analysis Parameters

3500.
3400.
3200.

3300.

pressures (PSI)

3600.

3700.

2015/11/20-0000 : OIL

-150.

-100.

-50.

0.

50.

Time (hours)

Gringarten 6 OPC
Homogeneous Reservoir
** Simulation Data **
well. storage = 0.0098263
skin
=
-3.7527
permeability
=
5.4006
Areal Ky/Kx
=
1.0000
Perm-Thickness =
1350.1
+x Distance
=
118.
Initial Press. =
3756.39

BBLS/PSI
MD
MD-FEET
FEET (1.00)
PSI

Static-Data and Constants


Volume-Factor = 1.000 vol/vol
Thickness
= 250.0 FEET
Viscosity
= 1.000 CP
Total Compress = .1610E-05 1/PSI
Rate
= 700.0 STB/D
Storivity
= .8050E-04 FEET/PSI
Diffusivity
= 4423. FEET^2/HR
Gauge Depth
= N/A FEET
Perf. Depth
= N/A FEET
Datum Depth
= N/A FEET
Analysis-Data ID: GAU002
Based on Gauge ID: GAU002
PFA Starts: 2015-11-14 00:00:00
PFA Ends : 2015-11-24 00:00:00