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020-42

Maintenance

Diesel exhaust fluid (DEF), topping up

Tighten sparks plugs using a torque wrench.


Tightening torque
Spark plug to cylinder head
Strut crossmember to strut tower
(use new fasteners)

23 3 Nm (18 2 ft-lb)
56 Nm
+ additional 90

Carefully insert coils into plug wells and seat firmly on plug
connectors. Rubber seal on coil must completely surround collar of
plug well. Gentle twisting may be necessary to seat it.

With connector catch open, push electrical connector back into coil.
Carefully close connector catch. It should easily snap into place.

OTHER MECHANICAL MAINTENANCE


Diesel exhaust fluid (DEF), topping up
BMW Advanced Diesel technology reduces nitrogen oxides in the
diesel emissions by injecting diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) into the
exhaust system. DEF is consumed when the engine is running and
requires refilling. There must always be an adequate level of DEF in
the tank. If DEF runs too low, the vehicle will not restart.
NOTE
Diesel exhaust fluid can be purchased at your BMW Service
Center.

A reserve display in the instrument cluster will illuminate to indicate


that the DEF is running low. The reserve display is first illuminated
with a remaining range of approx. 999 miles/1,600 km.

FPO

CAUTION
DEF should be added as soon as the reserve display appears.
If the minimum level is reached while driving, the engine will not
restart.
Once the reserve display illuminates, add at least 2 bottles
(approx. 1 gallon) of DEF.
NOTE
The DEF may need to be replenished if exposed to temperatures
below 23F (- 5 C). This will be indicated by an illuminated reserve
display. If this happens, add DEF just before beginning to drive the
vehicle. At temperatures below 12F (- 11C), the fill level may not
be immediately displayed owing to the cold temperature. The level
will be displayed after the DEF has sufficiently warmed up.

Open fuel filler flap. Turn DEF fill cap counterclockwise and remove.

FPO

Maintenance

020-43

Differential oil level, checking

CAUTION
Avoid contact with Diesel exhaust fluid. Do not allow contact
with skin or eye. Irritations may result.

FPO

When working with DEF in closed areas, ensure good


ventilation. DEF fumes are acrid smelling.
Keeping DEF out of reach of children.
Avoid DEF contact with vehicle surfaces. Wash off immediately.

Press down on bottle (arrow) to fill tank. If necessary add additional


bottle until system is full. Tank is full when level in bottle no longer
changes. It is not possible to overfill tank.

Pull back bottle and unscrew it.

Replace DEF tank cap and turn fully clockwise. Close fuel filler flap.
NOTE
Return empty DEF bottles to your BMW Service Center for disposal.

Differential oil level, checking


The front (if applicable) and rear differentials are filled with lifetime oil
that ordinarily does not need to be changed. BMW recommends
using only a specially formulated synthetic gear oil (SAF-XO) that is
available through an authorized BMW dealer parts department.

Front differential:
Remove engine splash shield. See Engine lower covers (splash
shields), removing in this repair group.
Remove front reinforcement plate. See 310 Front Suspension.
WARNING
Do not drive vehicle with front reinforcement plate removed.
Use 14mm Allen key with extension to reach fill plug as shown (B).
NOTE
The front differential requires 600ml of fluid. If the level is at the
lower edge of the fill opening (B), it is overfilled. To be certain of
level, oil should be drained while warm through drain plug (A), the
drain plug replaced, and 600ml of oil added through the fill plug.

FPO

Use new stretch-type bolts when installing front suspension


reinforcement plate. See 310 Front Suspension.

Rear differential: Check oil level at filler plug (arrow).

020

Place DEF bottle on fill neck and thread in as far as it will go.

established 1950
Automotive Reference

BentleyPublishers
.com

BMW 3 Series (F30, F31, F34)


Service Manual: 2012-2015
320i, 328i, 328d, 335i, including xDrive

Bentley Stock Number: B315


Publication Date: 2016-02-16
ISBN: 978-0-8376-1752-7
Hardcover, 8 3/8 in. x 11 in.
Case quantity: 5
1,078 pages, 1,546 photos, illustrations and diagrams

The BMW 3 Series (F30, F31, F34) Service Manual: 2012-2015 is a


comprehensive source of service information and specifications for the
BMW 3 Series from 2012 to 2015. The aim throughout this manual has
been simplicity, clarity and completeness, with practical explanations,
step-by-step procedures and accurate specifications. Whether youre
a professional or a do-it-yourself BMW owner, this manual will help
you understand, care for and repair your car.

Learn how to reset condition-based


service (CBS) intervals using iDrive.
020 Maintenance

Features:
Maintenance procedures from changing the cabin microfilter to
replacing and registering a new battery. This manual tells you what
to do and how and when to do it.
Front-to-rear fluid and lubricant service, including xDrive transfer
case fluid and ATF.
Cylinder head cover gasket and crankshaft seal replacement.
Cooling system, thermostat and radiator service.
Gasoline fuel and ignition system diagrams and explanations for
turbo-valvetronic-direct injection (TVDI) engines.
Diesel fuel injection system diagrams and explanations for turbodirect injection (TDI) engine management systems.
Service and repair information on BMW EfficientDynamics
technology, such as Valvetronic, xDrive, TwinPower turbo, and DSC
(dynamic stability control).
Twin scroll (gasoline) and variable vane (diesel) turbocharger
removal and installation.
Step-by-step variable camshaft timing (VANOS) service.
Suspension repairs, including wheel bearing replacement.
Brakes, steering and ABS troubleshooting and repair.
Heating and air-conditioning repair, including A/C component
replacement.
Body and hood repairs and adjustments.
Electrical system service, with an easy-to-use illustrated component
locator section.
Comprehensive wiring schematics, including fuses and grounds.
BMW OBD II diagnostic trouble codes, SAE-defined OBD II
P-codes, as well as basic scan tool operation.
BMW factory tolerances, wear limits, adjustments and tightening
torques.

Direct fuel injection service,


including replacing and
resetting injector quantity
compensation.
130 Fuel Injection
(N20, N26, N55 engine)

Drive axle, driveshaft and wheel


bearing service.
260 Driveshafts,
310 Front Suspension,
330 Rear Suspensions

Engines covered:
Gasoline:


Diesel:

N20 engine: 320i, 328i, including xDrive


N26 (SULEV) engine: 328i including xDrive
N55 engine: 335i including xDrive
N47 engine: 328d, including xDrive

Transmissions covered (remove, install, external service):


Manual:

GS6-17BG (4-cylinder models)


GS6-45BZ (6-cylinder models, RWD)
GS6X-45BZ (6-cylinder models, with xDrive)

Automatic: ZF GA8HP45Z

Bentley Publishers, 1734 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138-1804 USA


Tel: 617-547-4170 Toll Free: 800-423-4595 Fax: 617-876-9235
http://www.bentleypublishers.com/contact-us
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