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SYLLABUS

EC 801 Geo Tech Engg II

Lesson Plan
Session JAN 2015-JUNE 2015

IES COLLEGE
IES COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY, BHOPAL
Lesson Plan
DEPARTMENT
NAME OF THE

CIVIL ENGG.
Aayushi Richariya

SESSION
SEMESTER

JAN 2015 JULY 2015


VIII

TEACHER
Geo. Technical Engg.II SUBJECT CODE

CE-801

SUBJECT
UNIT 1
S.N
O

1.

2.

3.

4.

TOPIC

Shallow Foundations : Type of


foundations shallow and deep. Bearing
capacity of foundation on
cohesion less and cohesive soils.
General and local shear failures.
Factors effecting B.C.
Theories of bearing capacity
Prandle, Terzaghi, Balla, Skempton,
Meyerh of and Hansan. I.S.
code on B.c. Determination of bearing
capacity
Limits of total and differential
settlements. Plate
load test.

PROPOS
ED.
NO.OF
LECTUR
ES

ACTUAL
NO.OF
LECTURE
S

Date

NO OF THE
STUDENTS

UNIT -2
S.N
O
1.

TOPIC

Deep Foundation : Pile foundation,


Types of piles, estimation of
individual and group capacity of
piles in cohesion less and cohesive

PROPOSED
. NO.OF
LECTURES
4

ACTUAL
NO.OF
LECTURES

Date

NO OF THE
STUDENTS

2.

3.

4.

soils.
Static and dynamic formulae.. Pile
load test,
Settlement of pile group, Negative
skin friction,
under- reamed piles and their
design. Piles
under tension, inclined and lateral
load Caissons.
Well foundation. Equilibrium of
wells. Analysis
for stability tilts and shifts, remedial
measures.

UNIT 3
S.N
O

TOPIC

Soil Improvement Techniques :


Compaction. Field and laboratory
methods, Proctor compaction
tests, Factors affecting compaction
Properties of soil affected by
compaction. Various
equipment for field compaction and
their suitability
Field compaction control. Lift
thickness.
Soil stabilisation : Mechanical,
Lime, Cement, Bitumen, Chemical,
Thermal, Electricalstabilisation
and sabilisation by grouting.
Geo-synthetics, types, functions,
materials and uses.

UNIT -4

PROPOSED
. NO.OF
LECTURES

ACTUAL
NO.OF
LECTURE
S

Date

NO OF
THE
STUDENTS

S.N
O
1.

2.

3.
4.

TOPIC

Soil Exploration and Foundations


on Expansive and Collapsible
soils : Methods of soil
exploration.
Planning of exploration programme
for buildings, highways and earth
dams.
Disturbed and undisturbed samples
and samplers for collecting them.
Characteristics of expansive and
collapsible soils, their treatment,
Construction techniques on
expansive and collapsible soils.
CNS layer.

PROPOSED
. NO.OF
LECTURES

ACTUAL
NO.OF
LECTURES

Date

NO OF THE
STUDENTS

3
2

UNIT -5
S.N
O
1.

2.

3.

4.

TOPIC

Sheet piles/Bulkheads and Machine


foundation : Classification of sheet
piles/bulkheads.
Cantilever and anchored sheet piles,
Cofferdams, materials, types and
applications.
Modes of vibration.
Mass-spring analogy, Natural
frequency. Effect of vibration on
soils.
Vibration isolation.
Criteria for design. Design of block
foundation for impact type of
machine.

PREPARED BY: Aayushi Richariya

PROPOSED
. NO.OF
LECTURES

ACTUAL
NO.OF
LECTURES

APPROVED BY:

Date

NO OF
THE
STUDENTS

IES COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY, BHOPAL


B.E. (8th SEM) Assignment -1
Geo Tech Engg II (CE-801)
Date of Assign:
Date of Submission:
Define Ultimate bearing Capacity. net Ultimate bearing Capacity and net
Q.1 safe bearing Capacity
2 marks
Ans. A) Ultimate bearing Capacity :The Ultimate bearing capacity is
the gross pressure at the base of the foundation at which the soil fails in
shear
b)net Ultimate bearing Capacity; The net Ultimate bearing capacity
is the net increase in pressure at the base of foundation that causes
shear failure of soil.It is equal to the gross pressure minus overburden
pressure.
qnu =qu-yDf
c) net safe bearing Capacity: It is the net soil pressure which can be
safely appliedto the soil considering only shear failure.It is obtained by
dividing the net ultimate bearing capacity by a suitable factor of
safety.Thus
Qns =qnu/F
Q.2

Q.3

Write the expression for a) immediate settlement of cohesive soil by


SCHLEICHER
b) the terzaghis bearing capacity equation
c) ultimate bearing capacity equation by PRANDTLs ANALYSIS
Ans. A)Si=qB((1-2)/Es)I

5marks

b) qu = cNc + qoNq+.5YBNy
c) qu=5.14cu+yDf valid only for footing with perfectly smooth base in
contact with soil
Write the classification of settlement of foundation under loads
5 marks
Ans.
1.Immediate or elastic settlement(Si)-It takes place during or
immediately after construction of the structure.
2.Consolidation Settlement(Sc)-This component of the settlement occurs
due to gradual expulsion of water from the voids of soil.
3.Secondary consolidation settlement(Ss)-This component of the
settlement is due to secondary consolidation.this settlement occurs
after completion of the primary consolidation
Thus total settlement is given by S=Si+Sc+Ss

Q.4

Q.8

5 marks
Write the assumption used in terzaghis bearing capacity theory.
Ans. 1. The base of footing is rough
2.The footing is laid at a shallow depthi.e Df=< B
3.The shear strength of soil above base of footing is neglected.The soil
above the base is replaced by uniform surchargw YDf .
4.The load on the footing is vertical and is uniformly distributed.
5.The footing is long i.e L/B ratio is infinite,where B is the width and L is
the length of the footing.
6.The shear strength of soil is governed by Mohr Coulomb equation.
Write the limitation of plate load test?
Ans. (i) It has limited depth of influence. It could only give the bearing capacity 5 marks
of soils with depth up to two times the diameter of plate.
(ii) It may not provide information on the potential for long term consolidation
of foundation soils. (iii) There is scale effect as the size of test plate is smaller
than actual foundation.

(iv) To gain access to test position, excavation is carried out which causes significant
ground disturbance. The change in ground stress leads to the change of soil properties
which the test is planned to investigate.

Q.9

Determine the ultimate bearing capacity of a strip footing 1.2 m wide


and having the depth of foundation of 1 m .Use terzaghi theory and
assume general shear failure take
= 35,Y=18 KN/M3,and c=15 KN/M3.

5marks

Sol. qu = cNc + YDfNq+.5YBNy


For = 35 Nc=57.8 Nq=41.4 and Ny=42.4
qu=15X57.8 +18X1X41.4 +.5X18X1.2X42.4
=2070 KN/M2
Draw the diagram which show different type of shear failure
Q.10 Ans.Type of shear failure is

5 marks

A footing 2 m square is laid at a depth of 1.3 m below the ground


Q.11 surface Determine the net ultimate bearing capacity using IS code
method.Take Y=20 KN/M3, =30 and c=0
Sol. For =30
Nc=30.14 Nq=18.4 and Ny=22.4
Sc=1.3 Sq=1.2 and Sy=.8
dc = 1 + 0.2(Df/B)tan (45+ /2)
=1+.2X(1.3/2)tan60=1.23
dq=dy=1 +.1(Df/B)tan (45+ /2)

5 marks

=1.11
qnu=cNcScdcic +q (Nq -1) Sqdqiq + .5YBNySydyiyW
=0+1.3X20X(18.4-1)X1.2X1.11X1+0.5X20X2X22.4X.8X1.11X1
=1000 KN/m2

Determine the net ultimate bearing capacity of the footing in que 11. If
Q.12 a)the water table rise to the level of the base
b)the water table rises to the ground surface
c)the water table is 1 m below the base
Sol.a)W=.5
Therefore,qnu= 1.3X20X(18.41)X1.2X1.11X1+.5X20X2X22.4X0.8X1.11X.5
=801 KN/m2
b) W=.50. the surcharge q is also reduced as the effective stress is
reduced.Thus
qnu=1.3X(20-9.81)X(18.4-1)X1.2X1.11X1+.5X20X2X22.4X0.8x1.11X.5
=506 KN/m2
c)W is obtained by linear interpolation
W=0.5+(.5X1)/2=.75

5 marks

Therefore,

qnu=1.3X2X(18.4-1)X1.2X1.11X1+.5X20x2X22.4X0.8X1.11X.75
=901 KN/m 2

Write the effect of water table on bearing capacity.


Q.13 Ans. Ultimate bearing capacity has been developed on the assumption 5marks
that the
water table is located at a great depth.If the water table is located close
to the
foundation,the bearing capacity equation needs
modification
CASE I Water table located above the base of the footing fig a
The effective surcharge is reduced as the effective weight below the
water table is equal
to the submerged unit.
Therefore
q =Dwy +ay
Where Dw = depth of water table below the ground surface
a =height of water table above the base of footing
above equation can be written as, substituting a =Df-Dw,
q =yDf + (y-y)Dw

CASE II Water table located at a depth Zw2 below fig b


In this case, soil above the base of the footing is moist and below base may be fully or
partially submerged. If the water table is at the base then the bearing capacity equation is
written as:
Qult = cNc + Df Nq + B N RW2 - (3)
If the water table is at a depth B below the case of the footing then the bearing capacity is
not affected and no correction is required. If the water table is at an intermediate depth say,
ZW2 below the base of the footing where 0<ZW2<B, then the bearing capacity equation is
Written as:
Qult = cNc + Df Nq + [1/2 ZW2 + sub (B ZW2)]N

Qult = cNc + Df Nq + B N RW2 - (4)


Where, RW2 can be obtained from the equation:
ZW2 + sub(B ZW2) = B RW2
ZW2 + sub/ (B ZW2) = BRW2
ZW2 + B ZW2 = BRW2
*ZW2 + 0.5B = BRW2
BRW2 = 0.5(ZW2 + B)
RW2 = 0.5(1 + ZW2/B) - (5)
When the water table at base, ZW2 = 0 and RW2 = 0.5 and when ZW2 = B, RW2 = 1. This
means when water table is at base the weight term in the bearing capacity equation is
reduced by half and when water table at great depth ( i.e. greater than width of foundation
below the base of foundation) water table will have no influence in the bearing capacity.

A rectangular footing (3mX2m) exerts a pressure of 100 KN/m2. On a


Q.14 cohesive soil (Es=5X104 KN/m2and =.5) Determine the immediate
5marks20
settlement at the centre, assuming a)the footing is flexible b)the footing
is rigid.
Solution. Si=qB((1-2)/Es)I
As L/B=3/2=1.5
I=1.36
Si=100X2((1-.52)/(5X104))X1.36X10-3
=4.08mm
b)For rigid footing(I=1.06)
s=1.06/1.36X4.08=3.18mm
Determine the ultimate bearing capacity of a square footing 2mX2m in a
Q.15 soil with unit weight of 18 kN/m3, =20,c=20kN/m2.Take the depth of
1.50m.Use Hansens equation
qu = cNcScdcic +qNq Sqdqiq + .5YBNySydyiy
Nc=14.83 Nq=6.40and Ny=3.54
Sc= 1.2 Sq=1.2 and Sy=.6
Dc=1 +0.3X1.5/2.0=1.225
Dq=dc=1.225
Dy=1
As ic=iq=iy=1
Qu=20X14.83X1.2X1.225X1+(18X1.5)X6.4X1.2X1.225X1
+.5X18X2X3.54X.6X1X1
=728.25 KN/m2

IES COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY, BHOPAL


B.E. (8th SEM) Assignment -1
Geo Tech Engg II (CE-801)
Date of Assign:
Q.1 Write the effect of water table on bearing capacity

Date of Submission
2014

Q.2 A rectangular footing (3mX2m) exerts a pressure of 100 KN/m2. On a cohesive 5

soil (Es=5X104 KN/m2and =.5) Determine the immediate settlement at the


centre, assuming a)the footing is flexible b)the footing is rigid
2014
Q.3 Draw the diagram which show different type of shear failure

Q.4 Determine the ultimate bearing capacity of a strip footing 1.2 m wide and

having the depth of foundation of 1 m .Use terzaghi theory and assume


general shear failure take
= 35,Y=18 KN/M3,and c=15 KN/M3.
Q.5 Write the basic assumption involved in terzaghis equation

IES COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY, BHOPAL


B.E. (8th SEM) MID SEM 1
Geo Tech Engg II (CE-801)
Maximum Marks: 20
Note: Attempt any four questions. All questions carry equal marks.
Q.1

Minimum Pass Marks: 7


Time: 2 Hrs
5

2014
Q.2

2014

Q.3

Q.4 Determine the ultimate bearing capacity of a strip footing 1.2 m wide and

having the depth of foundation of 1 m .Use terzaghi theory and assume


general shear failure take
= 35,Y=18 KN/M3,and c=15 KN/M3.
Q.5 Write the classification of settlement of foundation under loads