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First HUT FOKUS IMS Workshop, Hanoi, Vietnam, June 2, 2008

Understanding
g the IP Multimedia System
y
((IMS)) in Face of

Next Generation Networks, Service


Oriented Architectures, and the Web 2.0
Prof. Dr. Thomas Magedanz
TU Berlin / Fraunhofer Institute FOKUS, Germany
Internet: www.fokus.fraunhofer.de/ngni
Email: thomas.magedanz@fokus.fraunhofer.de
Mobile: +49 171 172 70 70

T. Magedanz / N.Blum, Fraunhofer FOKUS, 2007

Agenda
1. Motivation for IMS as common control platform for converging networks

Business drivers: PSTN Emulation, FMC, Tripe Play, IPTV, Web 2.0 Telco Integration

The new value chain of convergence: Netcos, Service Cos, SalesCos

IMS Basics: Control (Intelligent Networks) + Internet (SIP) = the better Internet = IMS

IMS Architecture and Standards review

IMS vs. Service Delivery Platforms vs. Web 2.0

2. The need for open / independent IMS technology testbeds and toolkits

IMS Show stoppers - missing applications

Challenges of the telecommunications world

Lessons learned from the Internet

3. Fraunhofer FOKUS Overview

Fraunhofer Mission - high quality communications in face of convergence

The FOKUS R&D ecosystem


y
- strategic
g cooperation
p
is key
y

FOKUS R&D topics

The FOKUS open technology playground concept

4. FOKUS expertise and components for testbed set up around the globe

Getting started with IMS - The Open Source IMS Core and the Open IMS Playground

Integration of IMS with Web 2.0 - The Open SOA Telco Playground

Integration of IMS with IPTV = interactive TV - The Media Interoperability Lab

Integration of IMS with eGovernment - Towards innovative services for Citizens

Q&A
2

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T. Magedanz / N.Blum, Fraunhofer FOKUS, 2007

About the Speakers


Prof. Dr. Ing. habil Thomas Magedanz
Thomas Magedanz (PhD) is professor in the electrical
engineering and computer sciences faculty at the Technical
University of Berlin, Germany, leading the chair for next
generation networks (Architektur der Vermittlungsknoten AV)
supervising Master and PhD Students
In addition, he is director of the NGNI division at the
Fraunhofer Institute FOKUS, which also provides the national
NGN/IMS test and development centre in Germany. Prof.
Magedanz is one of the founding members of FOKUS (1988)
and member of the management team.
Furthermore he is principal consulant of Direct Link Consult e.
V., a FOKUS Consulting spin off focussing on professional
services, strategic studies and technology coaching.
Prof. Magedanz is a globally recognised technology expert,
based on his 18 years of practical experiences gained by
managing various research and development projects in the
various fields of todays convergence landscape (namely IT,
telecoms, internet and entertainment).
He acts often as invited tutorial speaker at major telecom
conferences and workshops around the world.
Prof. Magedanz is senior member of the IEEE, editorial board
member of several journals, and the author of more than 200
technical papers/articles. He is the author of two books on IN
standards and IN evolution.
Since 2006 he is also extraordinary professor at the University
of Pretoria and University of Cape Town in South Africa.
3

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Contact

Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil Thomas Magedanz


TUB Chair Next Generation Networks / Director FOKUS NGN Division
magedanz@fokus.fraunhofer.de
+49 171 172 70 70
+49 30 3463 7229
Kaiserin Augusta-Allee 31
14513 Berlin, Germany

Page 2

T. Magedanz / N.Blum, Fraunhofer FOKUS, 2007

Agenda
1. Motivation for IMS as common control platform for converging networks

Business drivers: PSTN Emulation, FMC, Tripe Play, IPTV, Web 2.0 Telco Integration

The new value chain of convergence: Netcos, Service Cos, SalesCos

IMS Basics: Control (Intelligent Networks) + Internet (SIP) = the better Internet = IMS

IMS Architecture and Standards review

IMS vs. Service Delivery Platforms vs. Web 2.0

2. The need for open / independent IMS technology testbeds and toolkits

IMS Show stoppers - missing applications

Challenges of the telecommunications world

Lessons learned from the Internet

3. Fraunhofer FOKUS Overview

Fraunhofer Mission - high quality communications in face of convergence

The FOKUS R&D ecosystem


y
- strategic
g cooperation
p
is key
y

FOKUS R&D topics

The FOKUS open technology playground concept

4. FOKUS expertise and components for testbed set up around the globe

Getting started with IMS - The Open Source IMS Core and the Open IMS Playground

Integration of IMS with Web 2.0 - The Open SOA Telco Playground

Integration of IMS with IPTV = interactive TV - The Media Interoperability Lab

Integration of IMS with eGovernment - Towards innovative services for Citizens

Q&A
5

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Evolution towards Converged Networks


Fixed
Networks

PSTN
ISDN

Information
Technologies

DSL
Mobile
Networks

SMS
Analogue

GSM

WiFi

WAP

GPRS

WiMax
UMA

UMTS

Web 2.0
FTP

email

WWW

Portals
P2P IM

Converged
Triple
NGN

FMC

HSDPA

VoIP

IPTV

Internet
iTV

Play
Quad
Play
Content
Sharing

VoD
Broadcast
Home
Networks

Cable
Networks

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

The Internet has changed the Telco World


Network technology impacts
Circuit switched evolution towards All-IP networks

Service technology impacts


SIP-centered service platforms (IMS), Web 2.0 / SOA

Business Modeling impacts


open services market, Subscription vs. Advertisment payments

Communication services in the future will be strongly integrated with


information services traditional boundaries will blurr
St
Strong shift
hift ffrom person tto person communications
i ti
ttowards
d group
communications
Communities
Combinational services centered around presence information and contexts
of live
I-centric Communications / human-centric communications
The result is a Convergence of formerly different domains into one
7

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2006

Fixed Mobile Convergence

Page 4

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2006

Triple Play brings new Players in the Market


Among traditional network
operators (CATV / Telco) new
players (i.e. equipment
manufacturers and service
providers) have joined the race
for multimedia / triple play
revenues.
Purpose of value creation around
basic communication services is
mostly to maintain
competitiveness and profitability
Increasing competitive pressure
drives the transformation of the
Telco industry.

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2006

Triple Play + Mobile = Quadruple Play

10

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Seamless Services The Net doesnt Matter


Network diversity and network innovation pace has lead to
network abstraction based on IP as common denominator
Connectivity Services versus Multimedia Services
Users are interested in services thus end systems and Service
Platforms matter

GSM
EDGE

UMTS
CDMA
WLAN

Common
Applications
and Services

IP based NGN

WiMax

POTS/

mobility-enabled

ISDN

Wireline
xDSL

other

Network Diversity
is not a problem
anymore due to
All-IP evolution
11

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Who owns the customer? Service Providers !!!

IPTV and Quadruple Play can be provided on


different broadband networks

y
networks become transparent
p
due to
Physical
decreasing IP connectivity (i.e. flat rates)
Market entry barriers for service providers are
vanishing

Users are interested in content and services


irrespective of the network access
The Value Chain splits horizontally

The roles of the fixed


fixed, mobile and cable operators is
changing
Who will own the subscriber?
For what services users will pay in the future?
Is there a life for operators besides bit pipe
provisioning?
12

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

The Emerging Split of Operator Roles


So far Operators offered network specific services, but in the future they need
to focus their business activities as
- NetCos
= Bitpipe Providers
- ServiceCos = Platform Providers / Enablers / Brokers
- Sales Cos = Customized Application Providers with direct Market Access
Fixed

SalesCos.

SalesCos.
SalesCos.
SalesCos.
SalesCos.
SalesCos.
SalesCos. SalesCos.

ServCo.

SalesCos.

ServCo.

ISP

TV

Mobile

CRM/POSManagement

Convergence on marketing level


(Bundling, Cross-selling)

Devices

Convergence on
device level

Customer
Care/Billing

Convergence on
tariff level

Content

Convergence on
service level

Value-added
Services

NetCos.

Basic Applications

NetCos.
NetCos.
NetCos.

Convergence on
network level

Access
Networks
Transport
Networks

DSL

WLAN

WiMAX

Cellular
13

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

ServiceCos: enabling Services over Bipipes


Today: Service Offers are linked to network technologies and thus
have a limited reach (compare with over the top providers, i.e. Google)
Tomorrow Operators have to focus their business activities as either
NetCos: Bitpipe Business

Efficient provision of Bitpipes


Enablement of several ServCos
ServicCos: the middleman

Operate on top of many different NetCos


Provision of service enablers to various SalesCos
SalesCos: facing the customer

Make use of ServiceCo enabling services for high eficiency


Concentrates on Content and Customers
14

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Internet impact on Telecoms: Service Diversity


Differentiation and Efficiency is needed to survive
NGN Service platforms / IMS has the potential to link Internet / web 2.0 and telecommunications

Strategy of the broadening T(elecoms): Broad top, sleek bottom


Consumers
Communities

Business Customers
Kids

Youth

Families

SalesCos.

SalesCos.

SalesCos.

Retired

Small

SMEs

Web 2.0
Marketing and Sales

Big nterprises

SalesCos.

Services and
Contents

Modular
Fast
Segment specific

S Control
ServCo.
C (IMS)
Service

Efficiency!

SalesCos.

SalesCos.

Open Interfaces and APIs

Differentiation!

MNE

Effective Connectivity
Control

One Platform
Operations optimized
Infrastructur(operations)
partialy outsourced

Telco
2.0

NetCos.
Net
NetCos.
NetCos.

15

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

From Separate Networks To Converged Networks


Today

Future

Single-service networks

Multi-service network
Service
Se
ce Enabler
ab e

Services

Service Network
S

Content

S
Ce
ellular Mobile

API

CATV

Data/IP
Networks
CelP
llular
Mobile

PST
TN/ISDN

PLMN
P

Content

MGW

Connectivity/
Backbone Network
MGW

MGW

MGW

Access Networks

Access, Transport & Switching Networks

Page 8

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Convergence requires ONE Service Platform


Technically convergence means to unite the currently still seperated
fixed and mobile network operator domains into a single one
Ths convergence is not about a NEW MARKET, but just the
combination / migration of several previously existing markets into
one common (and probably one smaller market)!
Anyhow, convergence is a chance (or a war) for operators to expand
their coverage
Technical prerequisite is a common service delivery platform on top of
fixed, mobile and IP-based networks
The IP Multimedia System (IMS) is defined for that
Started in 3GPP and 3GPP2 for the mobile domain, IMS today is also
considered by ETSI, ITU-T, ATIS for the future (IP-based) fixed network
as well (under the banner of NGN)
Thus IMS represents the common denominator service platform
17

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Evolution of Service Delivery Platforms


Web 2.0
Multimedia
Services

SOA

Web/Application
Server
Application
Server

SIP App.
Server

Parlay X

NGN / IMS
SIP
AAA
Server

SIP
Server
Se
e

OSA/Parlay/JAIN Gateway

OSA / Parlay
Interface
IN / CAMEL
Services

IN Platform

Diameter

= Services

3rd Party
Application
Services
(Enterprises / Content)

INAP/CAP
Interface
Stored
Program
Control
Services

VoIP

GPRS/UMTS

GSM

PSTN

18

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

IMS Architecture Principles


IMS does NOT standardise specific services, but enablers
BUT supports inherently multimedia over IP, VoIP, IM, presence (SIP)
IMS enables the flexibility in providing IP-based
IP based applications !!

Architecture
MMApps
Applications
Presence

IMS

GLMS

and
HSS Enablers
Service
IMS
RAN

SGSN
GGSN
IP (!)
Networks

Horizontal Architecture defining a


docking station for applications
Defines service enabler capabilities
Build on existing
g IETF and telco SDP
standards
Provides compared to standard
internet
Better security, Service based QoS,
flexible charging and single sign on
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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2006

Stand alone vs. IMS Approach

20

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2006

IMS Service Differentiation / QoS preposition

21

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2006

IMS Charging value preposition


Pricing based on transport
1 per MByte

Mobile
Operator

GGSN

Instant Messaging
Chat Sessions
Voice Communication
Video Communication

Pricing based on services


IMS
Mobile
Operator

0,02 per Instant Message


0,10 per Minute for 128 kbit/s Video

GGSN

2 per Month for Presence

IMS charging provides operators to be more than bit pipe provider


22

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2006

IMS Secu
urity

Complete IMS Security


IMS Home
(S-CSCF / HSS)

Authentication & Key Agreement (AKA)

Network Domain
Security

Security
Mechanism
Agreement

IMS Visited
(P-CSCF)

SIP UA
ISIM

Secure Secure
Apps
Apps
pp

Integrity
Protection

Non-secure
Apps

GPRS Domain
Existing GPRS Access
Security

23

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2006

Internet Control vs. Telecommunications Control


No single point of failure
All services enabled by
protocols: From ftp to web

Elective
Server

Elective
Server

Internet
R

USER

User has control of all


applications and choice
off servers

USER

Dumb Network
Services supported by ITU Intelligent Network Control:
interfaces and central POTS, ISDN, BISDN, FR, ATM, H.323, MEGACO/H.248, GSM
controllers
User has little
Central
Central
Central
control
Control
Control
Control

USER

SW
UNI

SW

SW

SW

SW

NNI

NNI

USER

SW
UNI

24

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2006

Next Generation Network 3 Tier Architecture


Enhanced services for the next
generation network will be enabled by a
tiered architecture where Application
Servers will p
provide an independent
p
service layer for the execution of
enhanced services and content

Application
pp
Server

Session / Call Control based on


advanced signaling protocols (i.e. SIP) is
performed in Softswitches, or Session
Servers

Session
Servers

Transport of signaling and content (incl.


Voice) data will be done by Routers in
the classical IP fashion. Dedicated
nodes, i.e. Media Gateways and
Media Servers are in charge for
processing content data controlled by
the Call Servers.

Media Servers
Routers

25

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

IMS Core Infrastructure Functionality


Implementing generic functionality in the infrastructure is most
economical !!

Architecture
Applications
PoC
Presence

IMS

GLMS

and
HSS g Services
Enabling
IMS
RAN

SGSN
GGSN
Network

SIP Session-/Service Control


Messaging support
Single-Sign-On User-Authentication
Subscription Handling
QoS/Media Authorization
Signaling Compression
Charging Support and Correlation
Routing/Addressing Support
Regulatory Service Support (e.g. LI)
Conferencing Support
PSTN Interworking Support

Docking Station for Service Enablers


Docking Station for Applications
26

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

IMS Motivation Flexible Service Provision


Provision of service enablers and dynamic service portfolio extension
- Presence and Group server are considered key for the future
- Application
pp
Servers can be control and/or content servers
Messaging Server Presence Server
Any new Application
Content Server
Call / Session Server
Servers
IP Multimedia
System (IMS)

Signalling (SIP)

Transport (RTP)

Packet Network (Core)


Access Networks
(WLAN, UMTS, DSL)

Access Networks
(WLAN, UMTS, DSL)

27

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

3GPP IMS Architecture: IMS Core and Applications


IMS Service
Framework

P-CSCF

HSS
(AAA)

Application
Server

I-CSCF

S-CSCF
S-CSCF

IMS enabler
Presence
IMS enabler
Group Mgt
Media
Server
MFRC + MFRP

PDF

IMS Core
System
Access Networks
(WLAN, UMTS, DSL)

Underlying IP Core Network

Media
Gateway
G
t
SGW, MGCF, MGF
Interworking with
Legacy Networks
(GSM, ISDN, DVB)

Note: IMS Charging Architecture is not reflected on this slides = Diameter Interfaces to many entities

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T. Magedanz / N.Blum, Fraunhofer FOKUS, 2007

IMS Major Components


The IMS is an Overlay Session/Service Control architecture on top of the packet
domain (GPRS, UMTS, WLAN, DSL) based on IP technologies and IETF protocols
(e.g. SIP, Diameter):

IMS Core
C
S-CSCF (Serving Call Session Control Function) the IS anker point in the home
network
I-CSCF (Interrogating Call Session Control Function) providing topology hiding
P-CSCF (Proxy Call Session Control Function) Entrypoint into IMS world
MS (Media Server) Media Server hosting special resources
MGF (Media Gateway) for Interworking with legacy networks
PDF (Policy Decision Function) for QoS Control using Polcies (COPS)
IMS Application Layer
HSS (Home Subscriber System) for maintaining subscriber and AS profiles
AS (Application Server Function) for hosting applications
IMS enablers (e.g. Presence, Group Mgt.) are specific ASs with generic functions
And the IMS end system (IMS Client) plays an important role real multimedia / IMS
services
29

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

IMS Enablers = Reusable IMS Application Servers


IMS did not address the standardisation of specific application by purpose
Only major AS interfaces are defined = IMS is a docking station for ASs!
Open Mobile Alliance (OMA) is supposed to do service specific
standardistaion on top of IMS
Examples include Presence, Group Management, Instant Messaging (IM),
Push to Talk over Cellular (PoC), etc.
Over time it become clear that there is a set of common servers, i.e. enabling
servers
IMS Enablers, which can be used in the implementation of more
complex IMS services
Major enablers today to be used in IM, PoC and Group Video Calls, etc.:

XML Document Management System (XDMS) enabler for group configuration

Presence Server (PS) enabler for maintaining presence information

Device Management (DM) enabler is used for client system configuration,as ASs
and enablers may need specific software on the client system!

30

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

IMS integrates different Communication Services


Pre-IMS Communication
(Service Islands)

IMS Communication
(Combinational Services)

Voice
Voice / Video
SMS

TV
SMS
Instant
Messaging
MMS
PoC

Instant
Messaging
MMS

From the usage of specific


individual communication services ...

... to the integrated usage of different


communication services centered
around presence information and
within groups ( communities)
31

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Overall NGN Architecture (ITU-T)

Converged
NGN
(all-IP)

32

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

NGN An extensible Control Platform for IP


P/ISDN
Emulation

Converged
NGN
(all-IP)

VOIP, Videoconf.,
IM, FMC, Presence

P/ISDN
Emulation
Subsystem

IP Multimedia
Subsystem

IPTV

Streaming/IPTV
Subystem

Web 2.0
What about
other IP
Applications
VoIP/Skype

Best
effort

Reusable Transport
p
Support Systems

Internet
PSTN

33

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

NGN An extensible Control Platform for IP


P/ISDN
Emulation

Converged
NGN
(all-IP)

VOIP, Videoconf.,
IM, FMC, Presence

P/ISDN
Emulation
Subsystem

IMS

IP Multimedia
Subsystem

IPTV

Streaming/IPTV
?
Subystem

supports all

Reusable Transport
p
Support Systems

Web 2.0
What about
other IP
Applications
VoIP/Skype

Best
effort
Internet
PSTN

34

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

NGN Global Standards Cooperation

Q.1912.SIP covers interworking between ITU-T ISUP and SIP


H.248 for media control

3rd Generation Partnership Project


3rd Generation Partnership Project
Project2
2
Define IMS network elements and infrastructure
for mobile environments

Cablelabs / PacketCable
Define IMS network elements and
infrastructure for IPTV and Triple Play

Internet Engineering Task Force


Defines SIP, SDP and other protocols underlying IMS
IMS is driving some of the work in IETF

TISPAN ETSI body on Next Gene


eration Network

International Telecommunication Union

Agreement on reuse of 3GPP/3GPP2 IMS in co


omprehensive NGN plans

T1.679 covers interworking between ANSI ISUP and SIP

Nearring agreement to use 3GPP/3GPP


P2 IMS

American National Standards Institute

Alliance
e for Telecommunication
ns Industry Solutions

Integral
g
to IMS architecture,, define standard API frameworks

CJK Chin
na Japan Korea

The Parlay Group / Java Community Process

Starting Foc
cus Group on NGN

Defining IMS services, e.g. Instant Messaging, Push-to-Talk


Not strictly mobile oriented, driving wireline services also

ITU--T NG
ITU
GN Focus Group

Leveraging IMS in wireline

Open Mobile Alliance

35

T. Magedanz / N.Blum, Fraunhofer FOKUS, 2007

Overall TISPAN NGN Architecture


Applications
Based on
3GPP IMS

Data
Base

Other Multimedia
C
Components
t

ICF

PSTN / ISDN Emulation


(SIP-I based)
IP Multimedia
Component (Core IMS)
(SIP based)
IPTV Streaming Subsystem

Network Attachment
Functionality
NASS

GW

NGN
Terminals

Resource and Admission


Control Functionality
RACS

GW

Legacy
L
Terminals

Customer
Networks
NGN
Terminals

HGW

PSTN / IS
SDN

Legacy
Terminals

Gq
interface

Legacy
Terminals

Go
interface
IP

Access Transport
Network

TGW

Core transport
Network

Other Networks
O

IP Connectivity
Access Network
And related functionality

MBG

3GPP IP-CAN
3GPP Terminals
36

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

NGN Application Layer IMS as docking station


SOA-based Seamless Multimedia Communication & Content Applications
OMA
OSE

CORBA / C++ / Java


OSA / Parlay / JAIN

Web Services
Parlay X

Service Enablers

Web 2.0 APIs


Mesh ups
p
SDP
Plain VoIP
SIP Servers
AAA Servers

Unified NGN
session control
system

Intelligent
Networks
/ CAMEL
Session Control
NGN

Web 2.0

IP Core Network

Bearer Control with QoS

Streaming SS

Mobile Access
Networks
(GSM, GPRS)

Fixed Access
Networks
(PSTN/ISDN)

Fixed and Mobile


Internet Access

Cable / TV
Networks

NGN
37

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

SOA, Telecommunications and Web 2.0


Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) approach for the integration of
NGN architecture (IMS-based core network)
Application Enablers (OMA Service Environment)
3rd party interfaces (Parlay X)
Web 2.0

Web 2.0 Applications

Parlay X

SOA

OSE

IMS
38

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

A Service Delivery Platform enables Seamless Services

Supervision

Operattion & Maintenance Provisioning

Billing

CRM

SDP
VASP

Enablers
MRF

Service
Creation
App2
App3
App1
App1
App1
App1
Service
Execution
Service
Execution
Environment

LBS
(incl. Content
Content
Delivery)
Delivery
OTA MRF
Presence MMSC SMSC
USSD Gw
MediaGW
IVR

Environment
Abstraction Layer
Abstraction Layer

SOA

Exposure

Portals

DB

Internet

www

Skype
yp

Google

Gaming

OSA

Exposure
Parlay /X
OMA
Layer

blogs

3rd Party ASP


icq

HLR
HSS

Control Layer

Control
IMSLayer

(MSC-Server, CSCF, AAA,..)

IP--Backbone
IP
Connectivity
fits
hereLayer
Public network

Private network

Mobile Access
GSM
UMTS
IMS
GPRS
EDGE

Mobile Access

Fix Access
CDM
A

Cabl
e

Fix Access

Access Network Layer


PSTN

Satellit
e

xDS
L

WiFi

WiFi

LAN

DECT

PBX

39

The Role of SOA in Telecommunications


Unifying Architecture

Strategic enterprise alignment

Cost reduction, agile delivery, innovation

Service Delivery for IMS

IMS provides the session control infrastructure and network enables

In addition it needs the service delivery, service assembly it needs applications.

IMS is being deployed incrementally the reality is a mix of 2G/PSTN service


control and IMS parts

The challenge for operators is to use their suite of intelligent service infrastructure.

SOA provides a solution to integrate the old with the new and compose applications across the
infrastructure.
infrastructure

Open platforms changes the delivery model for applications

Applications traditionally were provided by NEPs with limited internal development

SOA enables applications to be used along side operator driven developments.

OSS/BSS needs to be part of the application development

SOA promotes the inclusion of billing, provisioning and services management as an integral
part of the application development
40

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Evolution of SOA Concepts in Telecoms


OMA
Policy Evaluation &
Enforcement Mgt

Service Brokering
((SCIM))
Telecom
Web Service APIs
Parlay X

Open APIs
OSA/Parlay/JAIN

Intelligent
Network (IN)

CAMEL
(IN in Mobile)

Web 2.0
IP Multimedia
S t
System
(IMS)

Internet
Protocols

Servlets

41

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Telcoms vs. Internet - IMS and Web 2.0 ?


The Internet / Web 2.0 will recieve increasingly acceptance. Telcos have to learn.

Web 2.0

Telco 2.0 with IMS ?

User generated contend

Telcos have to learn from


f
internet
y Differentiation based on customer
expectations
y Fast innovation at service level
y 3rd Party Enabling, Service Brokerage

Peer to peer traffic


Extreme market segmentation
y Social networks
y Communities
y Long Tail
Speed:
y Instant
Provisioning
g
y Fast
innovations

Efficient and low cost Production


Additional Differentiation by:
y Always best connected
y Single User Identity (Identity Broker)
y Single
Si l sign
i on
y Real Presence Information
y Billing, cash collection, clearing

1
Creator
10 Synthesizer
100 Consumer

Plus: inreasing M2M communications


Grid Computing

Many more services, but much less


revenues per services

Communicating Cars

More customers, but less ARPU

42

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Import and Export of Services Enablers


Web 2.0 World Players and Services
(Google Maps, YouTube, RSS Feeds, etc.)

Re-use what is publicly available


Create recognised user interfaces

Import
of
Web APIs

Export
of Telco
Enablers

Resell available capabilities


Enable value added services

Service Brokering

Telco 2.0 Enablers


(Calls, Messaging, QoS, Charging, Identity Mgt., Security)

Network Abstraction

43

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Web-based Telco Enabler Exposure Examples


British Telecoms 21c Web SDK based on extended Parlay X Web
Services based interfaces (http://web21c.bt.com/)
New possibility of defining user
user-specific
specific call flows in XML for
enabler orchestration
Authentication, conference call, inbound SMS, messaging, voice
call
Orange Partner API based on Web Services (French market only) and
XML-RPC ((http://www.orangepartner.com)
p
g p
)

Authentication, Personal Calendar, Personal Contacts, Personal


Messages, Personal Photos, Personal Profile

SMS, Email,
Web-based widgets (bubbletop dev platform)
44

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Web-based Telco Enabler Exposure Examples 2


T-Online Open Developer Forum based on Web Services and XMLRPC (http://developer.telekom.de) official start in Q3/4 2008
Voice Call, send SMS
Sipgate API based on XML-RPC
(http://www.sipgate.de/user/download_api.php) German VoIP ISP
Voice call, send SMS, send Fax
Billing data, call lists

45

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2005

SOA Service Broker


Workflow based Telco / Web 2.0 service compositon and simulataneous
integration of composed services into the B/OSS infrastructure with the aim of

reduction of time to market through automation of the service lifecycle:


service creation / composition
service deployment
service activation
service fulfillment
service assurance
service billing

reduction of opex through:

autonomic mechanisms

closed control loops

Policy based Management

46

Page 23

Sebastian Wahle Fraunhofer FOKUS 2008

Putting IMS in the SOA/SDP context

47

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

How should Operators use IMS and NGN ?


The Question of how to survive: Efficiency vs. Innovation
PSTN Reloaded vs. Programmable Secure Multimedia Internet
Traditional PSTN
business model
Carrier controls
complete PSTN
One dominant
business model

closed product
experience
hidden
capabilities

Carrier defines
business model

Value Added
Services
Call Handling
Signaling & IN

TDM-Transport

Closed SDP +
Device
Architecture
Proprietary
(IMS) Control
Carrier
Intranet/VPN

open product
experience
exposure of
capabilities

Open SDP +
Device
Architecture
Open IMS
(Control)

Internet

PSTN reloaded
l d d
Carrier controls value chain
NGN with IMS inside
monolithic outside
Instable balance, high
sensitivity against disruptions
and business model shifts

Programmable Internet
Competition on content &
service areas, new entrants
Exploitation of innovation
Robust eco system, based
upon partnering

48

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Any Questions?

49

T. Magedanz / N.Blum, Fraunhofer FOKUS, 2007

Agenda
1. Motivation for IMS as common control platform for converging networks

Business drivers: PSTN Emulation, FMC, Tripe Play, IPTV, Web 2.0 Telco Integration

The new value chain of convergence: Netcos, Service Cos, SalesCos

IMS Basics: Control (Intelligent Networks) + Internet (SIP) = the better Internet = IMS

IMS Architecture and Standards review

IMS vs. Service Delivery Platforms vs. Web 2.0

2. The need for open / independent IMS technology testbeds and toolkits

IMS Show stoppers - missing applications

Challenges of the telecommunications world

Lessons learned from the Internet

3. Fraunhofer FOKUS Overview

Fraunhofer Mission - high quality communications in face of convergence

The FOKUS R&D ecosystem


y
- strategic
g cooperation
p
is key
y

FOKUS R&D topics

The FOKUS open technology playground concept

4. FOKUS expertise and components for testbed set up around the globe

Getting started with IMS - The Open Source IMS Core and the Open IMS Playground

Integration of IMS with Web 2.0 - The Open SOA Telco Playground

Integration of IMS with IPTV = interactive TV - The Media Interoperability Lab

Integration of IMS with eGovernment - Towards innovative services for Citizens

Q&A
50

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

IMS - One Language but different Dialects

The scope of 3GPP should be extended to include the requirements coming from other communities.
A mechanism should be put in place to ensure efficient requirements capture.
3GPP should be responsible for producing one set of IMS specifications that satisfies these
requirements. It is expected that these new arrangements will be put in place during 2007.
51

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

IMS Adoption Inhibitors

52

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

IMS Show Stopper No.1 Today The IMS Client

53

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Show Stopper No.2: IMS Development Kits

54

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

IMS Introduction Challenges


IMS Integration Challenges
Core Network, SCE&SDP, OSS/BSS, Charging
System
Applications SCE and SDP
Infrastructure
?
OSS /
BSS

IMS

Charging
System

?
Core Network
Infrastructure

55

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Problem: IMS fells onto segmented Organisations

56

Page 28

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

How competes IMS with the Web2.0


P/ISDN
Emulation

Converged
NGN
(all-IP)

VOIP, Videoconf.,
IM, FMC, Presence

P/ISDN
Emulation
Subsystem

IMS

IP Multimedia
Subsystem

IPTV

Streaming/IPTV
?
Subystem

supports all

Web 2.0
What about
other IP
Applications
VoIP/Skype

Best
effort

Reusable Transport
p
Support Systems

Interne
t
PSTN

57

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

IMS vs NON-IMS Applications

58

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Web 2.0 = Communities and new User Experience

59

Porters Five Major Market Forces

Michael E. Porter:
"How competitive forces shape
strategy, Harvard Business
Review, Vol. 57, Issue 2, pp.137145, March-April 1979
60

Page 30

M. Porters Five Forces within the Telco Market


Bargaining Power of Suppliers:

Threat of New Entrants:

Consolidation in the vendor market Consolidation in the operator market Vendor lock vanishes -

Absolute barriers:
low investment costs of
ISPs Exclusionary barriers:
deregulation Strategic barriers:
large customer base +
high potential of incumbents
to build strategic barriers +

61

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Open Source in Telecommunications


Lessons learned from the Internet: Open Source software is good and
brings innovation as the developer base is huge compared to closed
software developments
Examples: Linux, Tomcat, Eclipse, MySQL
In face of decreasing ARPUs and increasing customer demands open
source software becomes attractive in the telecommunications field as
well
VoIP and open standards are an excellent starting point:
for PBXes ((FOKUS SIP Express
p
Router (www.sip-router.org),
(
p
g)
Asterisk (www.asterisk.org), SIPX (www.sipfoundry.org/sipX))
SIP Servlets (JSR 116)
JAIN SLEE platform (Mobicent project)

62

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

While the VoIP lists many Open Source Projects


General directories
PJSIP.org (www.pjsip.org/links.htm)
SIPfoundry
SIPf
d (www.sipfoundry.org)
(
i f
d
)
SIP Proxies (SER, OpenSER, sipX )
SIP user agents
Windows (SIP Communicator, )
Linux (Kphone, Linphone, Ekiga )
MacOS X ((FreeSWITCH ))
Test tools (SIPp, SIPbomber )
there are NO IMS specific Open Source projects so far

63

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

SER Facts and Usage


Each CSCF implemented as a SER module
SER = SIP Express Router
a high-performance, carrier-grade, open source, configurable SIP
server written in C
ported to Linux (PC, iPaq) and Solaris (Sun)
throughput thousands of CPS (calls per second) on a dual-CPU PC
(capacity needed to cover San Franciscos Bay Area) and hundreds
of CPS on Compaq iPaq
support for both IPv4 and IPv6
small footprint size: 300k core, all common modules around 600k
extended flexibility through script-like configuration
Usage example:

Excerpt from the


Proxy-CSCF
configuration file
steps are applied in
order in the routing
script:

if (method==INVITE || method==SUBSCRIBE ||
method==MESSAGE) {
if (!P_is_registered(open-ims.org)){
sl_send_reply(403,Forbidden You must
register first);
break;
}
P_add_P_Charging_Vector();
P_add_P_Visited_Network_ID(Visited Network Number 1);
}

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64

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Beyond SER What is needed for IMS


The SIP sessions in IMS need various 3GPP specific extensions
compared to todays VoIP infrastructure
P
P-Charging
Charging headers (e.g for charging, asserting identities, )
subscription to registration events in other SIP routers
set-up of IPsec secured up and downstream channels based on
authentication keying material
Ability to communicate with a centralized user repository via the
Diameter protocol
tight integration of a Diameter stack
perform DB look-up
Ability to dynamically apply filter rules for SIP traffic on a per-user
basis
Application of initial Filter criteria in the Serving Call Session
Control Function
65

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Beyond SER - The FOKUS OPEN SOURCE IMS Core


A version of the Open IMS Core (OSIMS) is currently being developed
and was already successfully tested with commercial IMS products.

provides first time implementations of core IMS components


Call Session Control Functions
Home Subscriber Server
offers an Open Source IMS platform to make use of the ISC interface
can act as a tool for IMS services proof-of-concept
allows to test alpha/beta versions of commercial IMS products
does not intend to compete with carrier grade developments but wants to create an
Open IMS community and to accelerates IMS adoption
This software is for establishing IMS testbeds only, not for implementing
commercial IMS systems!
Note: Users have to check potential IMS patents and standards licenses!
66

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

FOKUS OSIMS Download

> 40.000 visits


> 13.000 unique
visitors
Approx. 150
visitors/day
Region breakdown

Asia

Americas

Europe

67

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

The Role of Open Testbeds


Network convergence and the new multimedia servce world is a subject of
huge complexity
Required infrastrucutre is expensive
The IP Multimedia System (IMS) becomes of fundamental importance for
unifying the seamless multimedia applications delivery above several network
types
Operator specific or vendor specific testbeds are not sufficient for addressing
this complex market, as they are limited in technology exploitation and
business models and likely will not address the needs of end users
adequately ( technology push model)
Learning from the internet, a huge number of application developers acting on
an open infrastructure (the internet) is needed to enable succesful market
gy p
pull model))
driven services ( technology
Thus open testbeds are key for exposing the network variety and complex
service platforms to an open set of developers and to provide a
Adequate software toolkits are of help to start working without a testbed first
The testbed infrastructure provides the technological basis for early platform
component testing and applications prototyping and thus interoperable
solutions and vendor independence
68

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T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Getting started with IMS An IMS Testbed


Operators and vendors are challenged strongly by the ongoing
convergence (VoIP, FMC, Triple Play, Internet multimedia / web 2.0)
IMS is a complicated subject due to convergence domains
Success of IMS will depend strongly on open / interoperably solutions
and many niche market services
Instead of deciding for one or two vendors and/or integrators the
establishment of a local IMS/NGN testbed enables all players to gain
early insight into the IMS
Currently
y many
y international testbeds are under development
p
Testbeds and related tools allow to engage all players of the emerging
convergence ecosystem at an early stage to develop many and really
demanded services
Universities could be part of this approach to educate staff as soon as
possible
69

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Distributing the IMS Playground


Since ist opening in 2004, there has been huge interest in the IMS
Playground concept
Many operators, integrators, and vendors around the world have used
the IMS playground facilities (infrastructure and staff expertise)
As this demand is increasing, FOKUS has decided to distribute the
Open Source IMS core system for free, allowing operators, integrators,
vendors as well as research organisations and universities to setup
their own IMS testbed
Open Source Core can be enhanced by local partner components and
own developments
d
l
t
Optionally, FOKUS add on components and professional services
allow for fast testbed set up

70

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Sebastian Wahle Fraunhofer FOKUS 2008

FOKUS Open IMS Playground Concept


1

Free Download
Platform

Universities
& R&D C
Centers
t

NGN Open
NGN Open
Testbeds
NGN Open
Testbeds
Testbeds
Operators
& Vendors

Cooperation

FOKUS IMS
Components

Industry IMS
Components

Industry
Industry
Testbeds
Industry
Testbeds
Testbeds

Remote Testbeds

IMS Testbed
IMS Testbed
IMS Testbed
IMS Testbed

Local Operatorspecific Testbeds at FOKUS


71

T. Magedanz (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS) - 2007

Towards your own IMS Testbed we can help!


Train the relevant staff on general IMS concepts and technologies
2-3 day onsite tutorial for all people
Install Open Source IMS Core System
Train the related technical staff onsite and optionally at FOKUS
Obtain remote support for 12 month and more
Optionally extend the IMS Core by additional components (IMS Client,
Application Server, demo applications, add on modules, etc.)
Optionally interconnect the IMS testbed with the FOKUS IMS
playground to get access to the most recent demos and vendor
components
t
Optionally setup remote testbeds at relevant local Universities to start
innovation from there
Optionally obtain customisation of components from FOKUS
Develop own extensions and components locally
Develop a common roadmap of developments with FOKUS
72

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T. Magedanz / N.Blum, Fraunhofer FOKUS, 2007

Agenda
1. Motivation for IMS as common control platform for converging networks

Business drivers: PSTN Emulation, FMC, Tripe Play, IPTV, Web 2.0 Telco Integration

The new value chain of convergence: Netcos, Service Cos, SalesCos

IMS Basics: Control (Intelligent Networks) + Internet (SIP) = the better Internet = IMS

IMS Architecture and Standards review

IMS vs. Service Delivery Platforms vs. Web 2.0

2. The need for open / independent IMS technology testbeds and toolkits

IMS Show stoppers - missing applications

Challenges of the telecommunications world

Lessons learned from the Internet

3. Fraunhofer FOKUS Overview

Fraunhofer Mission - high quality communications in face of convergence

The FOKUS R&D ecosystem


y
- strategic
g cooperation
p
is key
y

FOKUS R&D topics

The FOKUS open technology playground concept

4. FOKUS expertise and components for testbed set up around the globe

Getting started with IMS - The Open Source IMS Core and the Open IMS Playground

Integration of IMS with Web 2.0 - The Open SOA Telco Playground

Integration of IMS with IPTV = interactive TV - The Media Interoperability Lab

Integration of IMS with eGovernment - Towards innovative services for Citizens

Q&A
73

Page 37