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FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA PASIR GUDANG

LABORATORY MANUAL

FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA PASIR GUDANG LABORATORY MANUAL

COURSE

WATER AND WASTEWATER ENGINEERING

COURSE CODE

EC W351

LEVEL OF OPENNESS

2

CATEGORY

PARTIALLY OPEN ENDED

DEGREE OF OPEN - ENDED (%)

66

PERIOD OF ACTIVITY

1 WEEK

TITLE

ENUMERATION OF BACTERIA

 
 

1.1 Introduction

 
 

Level 2 laboratory activities refer to the condition where only the problem is guided and given. Students are required to find the ways & means and provide the answers to the given assignment using the group creativity and innovativeness. The activity will enable the students to appreciate independent learning and prepare them for a much harder task of open ended laboratory activities.

In this partially open laboratory activity the students are required to carry out tests to quantify the presence of E-Coli and Total Coliform in water samples.

PREAMBLE

1.2 Objectives

 

To make students understand and implement suitable method to prove the existing of E-Coli and Total Coliform in water bodies.

1.3

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the laboratory activities, students would be able to:

1. To identify E-Coli and Total Coliform.

2. To explain the procedure to conduct the E-Coli and Total Coliform test.

3. Analyse test data and present the solution in proper technical format.

4. Work in a group to undertake the task and produce the relevant technical report.

 

2

Problem Statement

PROBLEM STATEMENT

The presence of coliform bacteria in the water indicates that the water may have been contaminated with sewage and is not safe to drink. Regulations require that coliform bacteria be completely absent from 95% of the water samples.

FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA PASIR GUDANG

LABORATORY MANUAL

FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA PASIR GUDANG LABORATORY MANUAL
 

Each group has to conduct an experiment to identify the amount of E-Coli and Total Coliform in different water samples. The experiment result should include pictures and calculation to prove the E-Coli and Total Coliform existence.

 

3.1

Apparatus

The group must identify the apparatus needed for the experiment.

3.2

Procedures

WAYS & MEANS

The group is required to search for the relevant procedure to carry out the experiment. The document must be made ready for verification by the instructor during the laboratory activity.

3.3

Data Acquisition

All data collected and observed during the test must be tabulate in proper format for easy verification and presentation of the technical report

 

4

Results, Analysis and Conclusion

RESULTS

The group is required to submit the technical report of the laboratory results highlighting the apparatus used, the procedures undertaken for the test, data acquisition process, analysis carried out and the relevancy of the set-out output to address the given problem. The format of the technical report is left to the creativity discretion of the group.

The report must be submitted 7 days after the completion of the test.