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Maths>

Q1.IITJEE2012Paper2

Fourfairdice

and

,eachhavingsixfacesnumbered1,2,3,4,5and6,are

rolledsimultaneously.Theprobabilitythat
and

showsanumberappearingononeof

is

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

:OptionA
CaseI:
When

allshowsdifferentnumberandoneofthenumberisshownby

CaseII:
When

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CaseIII:
thenumbersisshownby

aresameandoneisdifferentandoneof

Requiredprobability

Q2.IITJEE2012Paper1

Thevalueof

is

:4
Solution:

Let

SolvingtheequationforSweget,

As,thelogofthenegativevaluesisnotdefined.
NowputtingthevalueofSweget

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Hence,thevalueofthegivenexpressionis4.

Considerthelines

andtheplanes

Let
ax
+
by
+
cz
=
d
betheequationofthe
planepassingthroughthepointofintersectionoflines
L
and
L

,andperpendiculartoplanes
1
2
P
and
P

.
1
2

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:OptionA
Thegivenlinesandplanesare:

NormaltotheplanePis

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Let

and

Since,L
andL
intersect,therefore,
1
2
2
k
+1=
k
+4...(1)
1
2

k
=
k
3(2)
1
2
k
3=2
k
3(3)
1
2

Solvingequation(1)and(2),weget
k
=2,
k
=1
1
2

Thus,thepointofintersectionofthelinesL
andL
is
1
2

Therefore,equationoftheplanePis

a
=1,
b
=3,
c
=2,
d
=13
Hence,thecorrectcodeisA.

Theareaenclosedbythecurves
y
=sin
x
+cos
x
and
y
=|cos
x
sin
x
|overtheinterval
is
(a)

(b)
(c)
(d)

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:OptionB

Thegivencurvesovertheinterval

are

(1)

(2)

Withthehelpofshiftingoforiginthegraphsof

and

is

Now,

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Areaenclosedbythegivencurves,Ais

Hence,thecorrectoptionisB.

Q5.IIT2010SolvedPaper2
LetfbeafunctiondefinedonR(thesetofallrealnumbers)suchthat
forall
afunctiondefinedonRwithvaluesintheinterval

suchthat

,thenthenumberofpointsinRatwhichghasalocalmaximumis

:0
Solution:

f(x)
g(x)=e

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.Ifgis
forall

Sothereisonlyonepointoflocalmaxima.

Q6.IITJEE2011Paper1
Let

and

betherootsof

thenthevalueof

,with

.If

is

(a)1
(b)2
(c)3
(d)4

:OptionC
Itisgiventhat,

and

aretherootsof

.Therefore,

Weshallusetheaboveequationstosimplifytheexpressiongivenintheproblem.

Thus,

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forn

Hence,thecorrectoptionisC.

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Physics>

Attime
t
=0,terminalAinthecircuitshowninthefigureisconnectedtoBbyakeyandan
1
alternatingcurrent
I
(
t
)=
I
cos(
t
),with
I
=1Aand

startsflowinginitwith
0
0
theinitialdirectionshowninthefigure.At
,thekeyisswitchedfromBtoD.Now
onwardsonlyAandDareconnected.AtotalchargeQflowsfromthebatterytochargethe
capacitorfully.If
C
=20

F,
R
=10andthebatteryisidealwith
emf
of50V
,
identifythe
correctstatement(s).

3
is110
C
.

(A)Magnitudeofthemaximumchargeonthecapacitorbefore

(B)Thecurrentintheleftpartofthecircuitjustbefore

isclockwise.

(C)ImmediatelyafterAisconnectedtoD,thecurrentin
R
is10
A
.
3
(D)Q=210

C
.

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Solution
:
Variationofcurrentinthecircuitwithtimeisgivenasfollows:

Asshowninthefigure,from
t
=0to
currentinthecircuitiszero.
Chargeatthispoint

thechargewillbemaximumat
t
=

,when

isgivenby

At
t
=
,thedirectionofcurrentwillbeoppositetotheinitialdirection.And,thecharge
ontheupperplateisgivenby

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ApplyingKVL,whentheswitchisshiftedtoD,weget:

50+

Finalchargeon
C
isgivenby
=

Totalchargeflownfromthebatterywillbe2

Hence,thecorrectoptionsareCandD.

Astudentisperforminganexperimentusingaresonancecolumnandatuningforkof
1
frequency244s
.Heistoldthattheairinthetubehasbeenreplacedbyanothergas
(assumethatthecolumnremainsfilledwiththegas).Iftheminimumheightatwhich
resonanceoccursis(0.3500.005)m,thegasinthetubeis
.

(
Usefulinformation:

Themolarmasses
M
ingramsaregivenintheoptions.Takethevaluesof
gasasgiventhere.)

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foreach

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

:OptionD
Weknow:
Minimumlengthfortheoccurrenceofresonance,
l
=

/4
or

=4
l

Now,fundamentalfrequencyisgivenasfollows:

(A)Neon:

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(B)Nitrogen:

(C)Oxygen:

(D)Argon:

Fromtheabovecalculations,theonlypossiblegasisArgonbecauseitsfrequencyof
vibrationiscomparabletothefrequencyofthetuningforkused.
Hence,thecorrectoptionisD.

Paragraph:
Apointcharge
Q
R
inthe
x

y
planewithanangular
A
uniformmagneticfieldalongthepositive
z
axisisnowswitchedon,whichincreasesata
constantratefrom0to
B
Theapplicationofthemagneticfieldinducesanemfintheorbit.Theinducedemfisdefined
astheworkdonebyaninducedelectricfieldinmovingaunitpositivechargearoundaclosed
loop.Itisknownthat,foranorbitingcharge,themagneticdipolemomentisproportionalto
theangularmomentumwithaproportionalityconstant.
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Thechangeinthemagneticdipolemomentassociatedwiththeorbit,attheendofthetime
intervalofthemagneticfieldchangeis

(a)
BQR2

(b)

(c)

(d)
BQR2

:OptionB
Givenmagneticdipolemoment,M=L

And,L=I=

Now,changeinmagneticdipole,M=

Negativesignshowsthatthechangeisinoppositedirectionofmagneticfield.

Q4.IITJEE2012Paper1
Athinuniformrod,pivotedat
O,
isrotatinginthehorizontalplanewithconstantangular

speed
,asshowninthefigure,attime
t
=0asmallinsectfrom
O
andmoveswithconstant
speed
v
withrespecttotherodtowardstheotherend.Itreachestheendoftherodat
t
=
T

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andstops.Theangularspeedofthesystemremains
torque

throughout.Themagnitudeofthe

O
,asafunctionoftimeisbestrepresentedbywhichplot?

(a)

(b)

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(c)

(d)

Solution
:
constantthroughout

Asweknowthat

WhereL=Angularmomentum
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=Torque
Now

Differentiatingtheequationwithrespecttotime

Hencethegraphwouldbeastraightlinewithaconstantslopetilltheinsectmoves.
Wheninsectstops
I
becomesconstant

Hencethegraphwouldbethexaxis.

Q5.IITJEE2011Paper1
withitsaxiscoincidingwiththeaxisofthetube.ThecurrentvariesasI=I
cos(300t)whereI
0
0
isconstant.Ifthemagneticmomentoftheloopis

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,thenNis

Solution
:

[N:No.ofturnsperunitlengthassumingthetubeassolenoid]

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Chemistry>

Thepair(s)ofreagentsthatyieldparamagneticspeciesis/are
(A)NaandexcessofNH
3
(B)KandexcessofO
2
(C)CuanddiluteHNO
3
(D)O
and2ethylanthraquinol
2

Solution
:
Na,onreactionwithexcessofNH
,givesasolutionofalkalimetalscontainingfree
3
ammoniatedelectronsthatareparamagneticinnature.

K,onreactionwithexcessofO
,givessuperoxide,whichisparamagneticinnaturedueto
2
thepresenceofasingleunpairedelectron.

CuanddiluteHNO
giveNO,whichisparamagneticinnature.
3

O
and2ethylanthraquinolwillgive2ethylanthraquinoneandhydrogenperoxide.Hydrogen
2
peroxideisdiamagneticinnature.

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Hence,thecorrectoptionsare(A),(B)and(C).

Thecorrectstatement(s)fororthoboricacidis/are
(A)Itbehavesasaweakacidinwaterduetoselfionisation.
(C)Ithasathreedimensionalstructureduetohydrogenbonding.
(D)Itisaweakelectrolyteinwater.

Solution
:
OrthoboricacidisH
BO
orB(OH)
.
3
3
3
+

ItpartiallyreactswithwaterandformsH
O
and[B(OH)
]
.Itissolubleinwaterandbehaves
3
4
asaweakmonobasicacid.Orthoboricacidisatypeofacidwhichdoesnotdonateproton
rather,itacceptshydroxylionandbehavesasaLewisacid.
+

B(OH)
+2H
OH
O
+[B(OH)
]
3
2
3
4

Thus,orthoboricaciddoesnotbehaveasaweakacidduetoselfionisation.

Inaqueoussolutionoforthoboricacid,ifacertainorganicpolyhydroxycompoundsuchas

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3
3
BO
3 unitshaveaplanarstructure.Insolidstate,BO
3 unitsarehydrogenbonded,giving
risetoatwodimensionalsheetwithalmosthexagonalsymmetry.

3
OrthoboricacidislesssolubleincoldwaterandfurnishesBO
3 ions,soitisaweak
electrolyteinwater.

Hence,thecorrectoptionsare(B)and(D).

Fortheprocess
H2O(l)H2O(g)
atT=100Cand1atmospherepressure,thecorrectchoiceis

(A)Ssystem>0andSsurroundings>0

(B)Ssystem>0andSsurroundings<0

(C)Ssystem<0andSsurroundings>0

(D)Ssystem<0andSsurroundings<0

:OptionB
Thetotalentropychangeforasystemandthesurroundingforanyreactionisgivenby

...(1)

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o
At100
Cand1atmpressure,H
Ochangesfromliquidtogaseousstate.Thistemperatureis
2
termedastheboilingpointofwater.Atthistemperature,theliquidwaterandthegaseous
watervapourexistinequilibrium.

Foranequilibriumreaction,

Onsubstitutingthevalueof

inequation(1),weget:

Asthewaterisundergoingachangeinphase(i.e.,fromliquidtogas),thedegreeof
randomnessincreases.Hence,forthisprocess,

Asthechangeinentropyofthesystemispositive,thechangeinentropyofthesurrounding
willbenegative(

).

Hence,thecorrectoptionis(B).

1
1
X
and
Y
aretwovolatileliquidswithmolarweights10gmol
and40gmol
,respectively.
Twocottonplugs,onesoakedin
X
andtheothersoakedin
Y
,aresimultaneouslyplacedat
theendsofatubeoflength
L
=24cm,asshowninthefigure.Thetubeisfilledwithaninert
gasat1atmospherepressureandatemperatureof300K.Vapoursof
X
and
Y
reacttoform
d
cmfromtheplugsoakedin
X
.Take
X
and
Y
tohaveequalmoleculardiametersandassumeidealbehaviourfortheinertgasandthetwo
vapours.

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Thevalueof
d
incm(showninthefigure),asestimatedfromGraham'sLaw,is
(A)8

(B)12
(C)16
(D)20

:OptionC
AccordingtoGraham'sLawofDiffusion,"undersimilarconditionsoftemperatureand
pressure,therateofdiffusionofagasisinverselyproportionaltothesquarerootofits
density."

Inotherwords,itcanalsobewrittenas
gas.

,where
M
isthemolecularmassofthe

Inthegivenreaction,vapoursofgasXandgasYdiffuseinthetubetoformaproductat
distance
d
fromtheplugsoakedinX.
Thus,accordingtoGraham'sLawofDiffusion,

Hence,thecorrectoptionis(C).

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+
ThearrangementofX
ionsaroundA
ioninsolidAXisgiveninthefigure(notdrawnto

+
pm
is

(A)104
pm
(B)125
pm
(C)183
pm
(D)57
pm

:OptionA
+
Fromthegivenfigure,itcanbesaidthatcationA
occupiestheoctahedralvoidformedbythe

X