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# DT022/3

DT031/2

## 12900 MECH 3021

12845 MECH 3021
DUBLIN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
BOLTON STREET, DUBLIN 1

__________

## Degree Examination in Mechanical

Engineering
_________
THIRD YEAR: January 2011

MECHANICS OF MATERIALS
David Kennedy, PhD

## Answer 4 of the following 7 questions

All questions carry equal marks
Time Allowed: 2 hours

2011 DIT

[P.T.O.

DT022/3
DT031/2

1.

## 12900 MECH 3021

12845 MECH 3021

(a) Show by derivation, including diagram, that the normal ( ) and tangential

## ( ) stresses on a plane at an angle to the axis of loading, for bar subjected to

y Sin 2
where y is the direct stress.

1
2

y Sin 2
(10 marks)

## (b) At a certain section in a material under stress, direct stresses of 45 MN/m2

tensile and 75 MN/m2 tensile act on perpendicular planes together with a shear
stress acting on these planes. If the maximum stress in the material is limited to
150 MN/m2 tensile, determine the value of .

(15 marks)

2.

A 250 mm diameter solid shaft drives a screw propeller with an output of 7 MW.
When the forward speed of the vessel is 35 km/h the speed of revolution of the
propeller is 240 rev/min.
Find:
The maximum stress resulting from the torque.
(7 marks)
The axial compressive stress resulting from the thrust in the shaft. (7 marks)
Hence find for a point on the surface of the shaft:
(a) The principal stresses.
(6 marks)
(b) The direction of the principal planes relative to the shaft axis. (3 marks)
Show clearly by diagram the directions of the principal planes relative to the shaft
axis.
(2 marks)

3.

## A uniform simply supported beam AB has a length of 8 m and carries a

concentrated load of 2OkN at 2.0m from A and a uniformly distributed load of 5
kN/m over the length from the mid-span point to B. The beam has a value of El of
2OMN m2. Using Macaulays method, determine;
Equations for bending moment, slope and deflection.
Using boundary conditions the value of the constants.
The central deflection of the beam.

2011 DIT

(12 marks)
(6 marks)
(7 marks)

[P.T.O.

DT022/3
DT031/2

4.

5.

12845 MECH 3021

## The following strains were recorded on a rectangular strain rosette:

a = 400 x 10 6, b = 200 x 10 6, c = 150 x 10 6 .
Draw Mohrs Strain Circle
and Determine:

(12 marks)

## The magnitude of the principal strains.

The directions of the principal strain axes w.r.t. a.
The magnitude of the principal stresses.
E = 200 GN/m2, = 0.3

(3 marks)
(5 marks)
(5 marks)

Use Castiglianos theorem to determine the horizontal separation of the ends of the
semicircular frame shown below under the action of the forces F.
EI is constant throughout.

R
F

6.

(a) Show by derivation, including diagrams, that the formula for the shear stress
distribution in a beam of rectangular cross section is given by:
(15 marks)

6Q d 2
3 y2
bd 4

(b) A uniform section beam has flanges 100 mm wide by 12 mm thick and a web
126 mm long and 12 mm thick. At a certain section there is a shearing force of 100
KN, find the maximum shear stress at that section.
(10 marks)
7.

Show by derivation that for an Open Coiled Helical Spring subjected to axial load,
That: Deflection is given by:

cos 2 sin 2
2 n sec WR

EI
GJ
3

(9 marks)

## The angular rotation is given by:

1
1

GJ EI

WR 2 2n sin

(9 marks)

Include diagram(s)

(7 marks)

2011 DIT

[P.T.O.