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Testbank John Braithwaite.

Coastline Community College


The Colonial Era
1500-1736
DIRECTIONS: Read each question carefully, fully and analytically. Then choose ONE response to mark
as your answer.
1.

The primary reason for the early struggles that confronted the Jamestown colony was the
A. tyrannical rule of John Smith
B. hostility of nearby Indians
C. fact that colonizers were ill-equipped for survival
D. nomadic tribes had virtually wiped out the supply of fame in the areA.
E. inter-tribal warfare going on like in Mexico

2.

The Iroquois were Indians that


A. generally allied themselves with Britain against the French
B. they were members of the Algonkin family of Indians
C. they were nomadic Indians of the high plains
D. they were peaceful agricultural partners of the Cherokees
E. they were vicious head hunters of woodlands

3.

Family life in the early Chesapeake Bay area differed from family life in England in that the colonies...
A. women were freed from all male control and domination
B. families were more closely knit and remained together longer
C. husbands and fathers had greater control over their wives and children
D. children assumed more independence at an earlier age
E. the impact of social norms was greater

4.

Within a half century of their exodus from Europe, the Spanish had opened the New World and had, as a
result of the national policy,
A. virtually exterminated the Indians
B. were being serious challenged for the New World dominance by the English
C. had created the richest and most extensive European empire since the days of Rome.
D. were being seriously challenged for New World dominance by the French
E. rapidly pushing through western North America on their way to Alaska

5.

The joint-stock company


A. was not required to seek royal permission to colonize in the New World
B. held forth promise of immense wealth to investors
C. proved inadequate as a vehicle for properly financing colonization ventures
D. required investors to commit large amounts of capital.
E. was a development of Swiss bankers trying aid the British economy

6.

Women in the Chesapeake Bay were


A. much better off than English counterparts
B. were all married at extreme young ages because of high sex ratios
C. used the high sex ration as a means to prevent premarital sexual relations
D. usually married while they were still indenture servants
E. not, despite a high sex ratio, usually any better off than their English patriot sisters.

7.

Europeans who migrated to the Chesapeake as indentured servants were normally


A. older married men with families
B. males from 18 to 24 who were single
C. English farmers hoping to find a better future in the colonies
D. the dregs of English society

8.

Which European power was successful in the settling of New York


A. Spain
B. Italy

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C.
D.
E.

France
England
Holland

9.

Which of the following was NOT a characteristic of Virginia and Maryland?


A. Both were dependent upon tobacco
B. Both utilized the headlight system
C. Both relied heavily on indentured servants
D. Both extended legal freedom of religion to all Christians
E. Both economically affect by the Atlantic sea trade

10.

Freeman status was granted to adult males who


A. were church members
B. were no longer indentured servants
C. owned land
D. agreed to abide by the legal code of the colony
E. Blacks that were release from their slavery contract under the law of manumission

11.

John Winthrops ideal Puritan commonwealth was called A City Upon A Hill that claimed that
A. the separation of Church and State was necessary for survival
B. religious freedom for all citizens and residence would be practiced
C. the good of the whole would be placed above ones private concerns
D. religious tolerance would be extended to all Christians but not to others
E. Jews could worship according to the dictates of their consciences

12.

Anne Hutchinson was formally charged with having


A. violated traditional Puritan sex codes of conduct
B. libeled the colonys ministers
C. emphasized the covenant of grace
D. presumed to have the right to discuss the sermons of John Cotton
E. claimed to have received divine revelation directly from God

13.

New England Puritans are known for their introduction of written contractual government by all of the
following EXCEPT:
A. The Mayflower Compact
B. The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
C. The Rhode Island Charter
D. The Pennsylvania Charter of Privileges
E. Development of town charters for the town councils and the citizens.

14.

Among the most ardent and zealous promoters of English colonization was
A. John Rolfe
B. John White
C. John Smith
D. Richard Hakluyt
E. Martin Frobisher

15.

All
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

16.

A major turning point for women in the history of the western world occurred when
which of the following English Monarchs took over the empire.
A. Queen Victoria
B. Queen Elizabeth II
C. Queen Elisabeth I
D. Mary Queen of Scots

of the following fundamental ideas were preached by Martin Luther during the Reformation EXCEPT:
the infallibility of the Pope
the popular right to rebel against unjust authority
the priesthood of all believers
the justification by faith alone
the evil of the sale of indulgences for the forgiveness of sin

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E.

Catherine of Aragon became the Queen

17.

Which of the following institutions were not used in the settlement and colonization of North America from
1620-1740?
A. Encomienda system
B. Patroon system
C. Mission system
D. Cour de Bois
E. Joint stock company

18.

The colonies of Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Maryland had which of the following characteristics in
common?
A. They were founded by Quakers
B. They were settled primarily by non-Englishmen
C. They were settled by emigrants from other colonies
D. They were founded as refuges from religious persecution in England
E. They were strongly opposed to the institution of slavery

19.

The major and primary objective of 17th century mercantilism was to:
A. promote and build national self-sufficiency with a favorable balance of trade
B. develop industrialism in America
C. promote laissez-faire free trade policies for English merchants
D. encourage early textile industry in Europe
E. help England gain control of the Atlantic seas lanes to the New World

20.

Women in the 17th century Chesapeake:


A. were very close to slave status under the rule of Sir Edward Coke, Englands chief of Star Chamber
B. generally worked alongside men and slaves in the tobacco fields
C. outlived men because of natural immunities derived from sex hormones
outnumber men
D. were significantly more prolific in child-bearing because of temperate climate
E. had a good chance to improve their social and economic status by marriage

21.

Geographic sectionalism in the American colonies affected all of the following EXCEPT:
A. cultural differences
B. social status of residents
C. political institutions and diplomacy of Spain
D. economic developments
E. intellectual ideas of government

22.

Principal institutions used by the Spanish to gain control of colonial society in the New World included all
EXCEPT:
A. the presidio
B. the hacienda
C. the control of indulgences
D. the vaquero
E. the mission

23.

Major political developments in the establishment effective government in America came with the
A. the House of Burgess
B. the Puritan oligarchy in Massachussetts
C. the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
D. the Massachusetts General Court
E. the county
The French shifted from Port Royal to Quebec because:
A. they intermarried with Indian women
B. they had given up on their search for a northwest passage
C. they became more interested in farming than fishing
D. the St. Lawrence Valley offered better access to the interior
E. the St. Lawrence Valley was easier to defend

24.

25.

The European Jesuits (French) gradually enjoyed success with the Indians because:
A. they intermarried with them

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B.
C.
D.
E.

they accepted and even appreciate the Indian cultures, especially the Algonkin
they displayed considerable prowess, bravery, and valor in the wilderness
they confined their missionary work to established missions
they were eager abandon their French culture and politics and become democrats like the Indians.

26.

The Puritan proposals for reforming the Anglican Church included all EXCEPT:
A. purifying the English church of Catholic corruptions
B. eliminating elaborate hierarchy and ritualistic pageantry
C. effecting a complete separation of church and state
D. improving the education of the clergy
E. forming an oligarchy to govern and rule the colony

27.

There has been a claimed that history is geography in motion Massachusetts Bay claimed:
A. Maine and New Hampshire
B. Connecticut and Rhode Island
C. Maine and Vermont
D. Vermont and New Hampshire
E. Connecticut and New York

28.

The basic unit of local government in the English colonies---but especially in Pennsylvania---was:
A. the county
B. the town or village
C. the General Court
D. the Quaker meeting
E. the mission

29.

Seventeenth century New York was known for its:


A. high crime rate
B. stable political order
C. ethnic and religious diversity
D. cordial relations with the Iroquois Indians
E. largely unbalanced ratio of men to women by about 12-1

30.

The Quakers came from England with all of the following beliefs EXCEPT:
A. that the land of America belonged to the Indians
B. that all men and women shared equality within the light
C. that an official clergy and sacraments were totally unnecessary for faith and salvation
D. that swearing oaths and making war was against Divine Law
E. that there should be rigid separation and segregation of men and women in public meetings

31.

The Salem Witch Trials of 1692 were caused by:


A. Land quarrels
B. Bad blood
C. Fanaticism
D. Puritan doctrine
E. Gender discrimination

32.

One of the de jury reasons the Salem Witchcraft hysteria suddenly ended in 1692 was that:
A. the original accusers had become accused of being witches too including the governor
B. it became clear that some were attempting to use the hysteria for their political gains
C. the royal governor proclaimed it a crime to make unsubstantiated accusations of witchcraft
D. the implementation of a new royal charter ended a time of political uncertainty and stress
E. because of a decree in England banning all witchcraft in Europe and America

33.

Puritans most strongly opposed:


A. alcohol
B. tobacco
C. religious nonconformity

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D.
E.

Protestantism
refraining from sex

34.

The greatest concentration of German immigrants came to ....


A. New Jersey with the Swedes
B. New York with the Dutch
C. Virginia with the English
D. Quebec with the French
E. Pennsylvania with the Quakers

35.

The colonial headright system:


A. was used in all of the colonies from Massachusetts to Georgia
B. gave land to slaves and indentured servants
C. parceled out land to each person who came to the colony
D. parceled out land to those who helped settle and establish towns
E. gave land to only those who were freemen

36.

Among Puritans their life long goal was to behave and the sign that they were:
A. among the saved elect
B. among non-elect
C. those with a healthy body
D. who were the most intelligent
E. who were the most wealthy

37.

The great Swiss theologian John Calvin contributed which of the following to the Puritans:
A. antinomianism
B. predestination
C. antidisestablishmentarianism
D. corpus delecti
E. papal infallibility

38.

The Mayflower Compact and its doctrine of majority rule was adopted by:
A. Puritans
B. Quakers
C. Virginians
D. New Yorkers
E. Pilgrim separatist

39.

In the Iroquois Indian nation, the older women:


A. controlled the finances of the tribe
B. had the power to either start or stop wars
C. were the religious leaders of their communities
D. were painlessly put to death when they became senile
E. train the young male warriors in military ethics

40.

Which of the following colonial industries was prohibited by Englands Parliament?


A. textile manufacturing
B. ship building
C. ironmaking
D. had manufacturing
E. manufacture of glass & paint

41.

William Penns Frame of Government in (1682) provided substantial power to:


A. women voters
B. the native Americans
C. the governor appointed by the Crown
D. the colonys legislature
E. the colonial court

42.

Anne Hutchinson, a separatist and antimonian, believed most in which of the following?

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A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

the laws of the Puritan oligarchy


practice of universal suffrage of all people
the spirit as opposed to the mans laws
example of Roger Williams
example of John Winthrop

43.

The punishment metted out to most of those put to death in the Salem Witch Trials was:
A. crushed by stones
B. burned at the stake
C. beheaded
D. hanged

44.

The primary purpose of the famous Navigation Acts of 1660s was to:
A. stimulate trade
B. encourage the colonials to conduct with other countries other than England
C. regulate trade within the empire
D. forbade colonial to engage in Englands monopoly of munitions trade
E. regulate the amount of cotton to be exported to Europe

45.

The theory that nations should increase their wealth, as measured in gold and silver, will insure they will
sell more than import is known as...
A. imperialism
B. laissez-faire
C. democracy
D. monetarism
E. mercantilism

46.

Which of the following major historical figures of the Colonial period is mis-matched with his/her
achievement:?
A. Benjamin Franklin - Inventor & printer
B. Anne Bradstreet - musician and composer
C. Samuel Sewell - New England diarist
D. John Peter Zenger - Freedom of the Press
E. Roger Williams - Separation of Church & State

47.

Which combination of immigrants provided the greatest number of immigrants to America:


A. Africans, Scots-Irish, Germans
B. Africans, Germans, French Huguenots
C. Scots-Irish, Swill, Italians
D. Germans, French Huguenots, & Italians
E. Italians, Dutch, & Portuguese

48.

The Stono Rebellion was:


A. a slave uprising in New York
B. a slave uprising in Georgia
C. a slave uprising in South Carolina
D. a slave uprising in Virginia
E. a slave uprising in Pennsylvania

49.

Which of the following was a non-violent event in Colonial America:


A. Leislers Rebellion
B. Shays Rebellion
C. Bacons Rebellion
D. Salem Witch Trials
E. Great Awakening

50.

Colonial governments feature all of the following EXCEPT:


A. a governor
B. a unicameral legislature
C. an independent Supreme Court

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D.
E.

a unified national executive


the development of both city and county government

51.

Sir
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Edmund Andros was the leader of:


Dutch Patroon system
Dominion of New England
the Pennsylvania Dutch
colonial Supreme Court
the unified Carolinas before the Great Awakening

52.

Colonial leaders that made a major impact upon colonial society included all EXCEPT:
A. John Wintrop
B. Roger Williams
C. Alexander Hamilton
D. John Peter Zenger
E. Benjamin Franklin

53.

Leaders of the Enlightenment in America included all EXCEPT:


A. John Peter Zenger
B. George Whitefield
C. Johnathan Edwards
D. Benjamin Franklin
E. Anne Hutchinson

54.

The native peoples of New England were affected by all of the following EXCEPT:
A. They had little in common with White Europeans
B. They were alienated by Puritan messianic attempts at conversion
C. They suffered from the ravages of disease more than whites
D. The clashed with the settlers in periodic conflicts that threaten white survival
E. They were completely befriended by the White immigrants.

55.

In what manner did New Netherlands become New York?


A. It was traded by Sweden to France
B. It was abandoned by the Dutch, then England colonized it
C. It was geographically adjacent to Spanish territory
D. It was conquered as part of a larger European struggle
E. It was the result of the Zenger trial

56.

William Penn sought to do all of the following EXCEPT:


A. displace the savage Indians
B. provide a refuge ro Quakers from England
C. establish a model society based upon reform
D. generated rental revenue for himself
E. purchase land from the Indians

57.

Pennsylvania quickly prospered for all the following EXCEPT:


A. Penns planning and publicity efforts
B. Penns honest dealing with Indians
C. Pennsylvanias favorable soil and climate
D. Penns liberality toward religious freedom
E. Parliaments generated subsidy

58.

A rebellion that occurred in New York which fostered years of political strife was:
A. Nat Turners Rebellion
B. Stono Rebellion
C. Leislers Rebellion
D. Bacons Rebellion
E. Regulator Movement

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Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


59.

Which of the following was NOT a goal of the Spanish in the New World?
A. To seek for gold
B. To convert the Native Americans to Christianity
C. To establish presidios, missions, and pueblos
D. To reduce the Native American population
E. To seek for glory and adventure

60.

When the Europeans discovered the New World, the Native Americans they found:
A. lacked any form of religion
B. were as varied as the peoples of Europe
C. were mostly farmers
D. mostly lived in northeastern US
E. were violent, indolent, and uncultured savages

61.

All
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

62.

The main goal of early French and English explorers was to:
A. develop large colonies in the New World
B. seize Native Americans for slaves
C. conquer all Native American tribes
D. Christianize the Native Americans
E. find a northwest passage to India

63.

The rise of kings was a major factor in the development of exploration because it:
A. centralized the power and stimulated trade
B. reduced the conflicting national claims over newly discovered land
C. reduced conflicts between European nations
D. helped to eliminate Papal claims to the New World
E. helped to develop world wide imperialism

64.

Which of the following did the Europeans bring to New World:


A. gold
B. tobacco
C. horses
D. dogs
E. potatoes, squash, and beans

65.

An unexpected result of the Treaty of Tordesillas was:


A. the loss of all Portuguese claims to the New World
B. a delay in Spanish exploration
C. division of English territory from that of France
D. unequal cultural division of South America
E. the planting of French culture in Brazil

66.

Which of the following is mis-matched?


A. Estaban - Negro slave and survivor of exploration
B. Cortez - conquerors of Mexico
C. Pizzaro - conqueror of the Mayans
D. Balboa - discovered the isthmus of Panama
E. Magellan - circumnavigated the globe

67.

Which Spanish explorer discover the Grand Canyon?


A. Cortez
B. Father Kino

of the following helped bring about the voyages of discovery after 1450 EXCEPT:
the rise of nation states
the Renaissance
the Norse navigators
the Reformation
the Commercial Revolution

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C.
D.
E.

Father Serra
Coronado
Vespucci

68.

The Native Americans probably came from:


A. Europe
B. Asia
C. Middle East
D. Africa
E. Australia

69.

Both the Pilgrims and the Puritans


A. had charters to settle Massachusetts
B. practiced self-government
C. believed in religious toleration in the colonies
D. showed favoritism toward the Church of England
E. off-shoots of Lutheranism

70.

The first elected legislative assembly in America was the:


A. House of Representatives
B. London Company
C. Massachusetts General Court
D. Parliament
E. House of Burgess

71.

In which of the following ways or policies were the British and the Spanish most similar?
A. Religious freedom
B. Inter-racial marriage with Native Americans
C. Mercantile policy
D. Democratic beliefs
E. Use of jury trials

72.

A religious dissenter would have been least tolerated in:


A. Rhode Island
B. Maryland
C. New Netherlands
D. New Sweden
E. Massachusetts Bay

73.

Which European nation established the first permanent settlement in Quebec?


A. The French
B. The English
C. The Spanish
D. The Dutch
E. The Germans

74.

The colony was best known as a haven for religious freedom and the safest place for Jews to settle and
congregate?
A. New York
B. Virginia
C. Rhode Island
D. Pennsylvania
E. Carolinas

75.

In order to help raise capital for American colony, Sir Walter Raleigh:
A. exported tobacco to Europe
B. formed a joint stock company
C. used Native Americans as slave labor
D. turned to the Spanish monarchy for help

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E.

formed the modern corporation

76.

The year 1619 is important because of the introduction of:


A. martial law
B. the end of martial law
C. beginning of the House of Burgesses
D. passage of Maryland Toleration Act
E. introduction of Black slavery

77.

The joint stock company was the forerunner of the:


A. House of Representatives
B. Senate
C. corporation
D. family farm
E. plantation

78.

A person who signs an agreement to work in exchange for passage or payment of debt is a(n):
A. indentured servant
B. slave
C. redemptioner
D. pioneer
E. mestizo

79.

Which of the American colonial sections was most closely akin to those of England:
A. New England
B. Southern Colonies
C. Middle Colonies
D. Massachusetts Bay Colony
E. New York & New Jersey

80.

Predestination was an important tenet of early:


A. Quakers
B. Anglicans
C. Puritans
D. Native Americans
E. Catholics

81.

The Salem Witch Trials of 1692 dealt with all except:


A. hanging of women
B. poverty of families
C. fanaticism
D. superstition
E. The Inquisition

82.

The primary objective of mercantilism was:


A. to promote free trade policies
B. to develop industries in the Americas
C. to build national self-sufficiency through favorable balance of trade
D. to encourage the early textile industry in Europe
E. to develop good ports, harbors, and trading docks

83.

Africa exported _____________as part of the triangular trade system:


A. slaves
B. rum
C. tobacco
D. woolen clothes
E. gold, diamonds, and silver

84.

Colonial colleges and universities were founded to study:


A. science

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B.
C.
D.
E.

humanities
religion
medicine
business

85.

Who was the individual who challenged the King and Governor over the issue of freedom of the press?
A. Paul Revere
B. Ben Franklin
C. John Winthrop
D. John Peter Zenger
E. Roger Williams

86.

A major difference between the Pilgrims and the Puritans was:


A. the way in which they earned their living
B. the general areas in which they settled
C. the issue of reforming the Church of England or separating from it
D. the degree to which they practiced self-government
E. the attitudes they held toward the Native Americans

87.

Women in Seventeenth Century Chesapeake:


A. outnumbered men
B. generally worked alongside men in the tobacco fields
C. outlived the men
D. had a good chance of improving their status by marriage
E. were free and equal with men

88.

Ben Franklins attempt to unify the colonies was known as:


A. New England Confederation
B. Peace of Paris
C. Albany Plan of Union
D. Navigation Acts
E. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

89.

The rise of nation-states was significant factor in the development of exploration because it:
A. centralized power and stimulated trade
B. diminished economic opportunity
C. reduced the conflicting national claims over newly discovered lands
D. reduced the sectional conflict between European nations
E. helped eliminate Papal claims to the New World

90.

The royal governor of the Dominion of New England was:


A. Jacob Leisler
B. Thomas Hutchinson
C. Duke of York
D. Sir Edmund Andros
E. Roger Williams

91.

Jesuits gradually enjoyed some success in converting the Indians because...


A. they intermarried with Indian women
B. they accepted and even appreciated much of Indian culture
C. they displayed considerable prowess in the wilderness
D. they were confined to the mission system
E. they were reclusive monks whose life style the Indians

92.

The fundamental causes of Bacons Rebellion included ALL EXCEPT:


A. white settlers fears of Indian attacks
B. diminished economic opportunity
C. popular opposition to the restoration of the monarchy
D. a contest for power within the Virginia elite

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E.

political rights for freed servants

93.

The English colonies faced all of the following problems EXCEPT:


A. labor shortages
B. high infant mortality rates
C. crowded conditions for living
D. communication problems with the mother country
E. Indian conflicts

94.

Massachusetts Bay produced two spin-off colonies:_____________ which wished to reproduce Puritan
culture, and ______________, which rejected it.
A. Connecticut and Rhode Island
B. Rhode Island and New Jersey
C. New Jersey and New York
D. New York and Virginia
E. Virginia and Pennsylvania

95.

Quakers were most unlike the Puritans in their:


A. commercial success with their American colony
B. opposition to the encumbrances of church ritual
C. having suffered persecution in England
D. advocacy of absolute freedom of conscience
E. peaceful relations with the Indians

96.

Those among the elect who, as Puritan church members, ruled Massachusetts Bay Colony, justified their
rule by invoking the:
A. doctrine of grace.
B. doctrine of the covenant
C. concept of predestination.
D. doctrine of good works
E. doctrine of transubstantiation

97.

Institutions of higher learning were eventually established in all the following colonies EXCEPT:
A. Virginia
B. North Carolina
C. New Hampshire
D. New Jersey
E. Pennsylvania

98.

Slaves endured the worst conditions in eighteenth-century:


A. Maryland
B. Virginia
C. North Carolina
D. South Carolina
E. Kentucky

99.

A Puritan who had been baptized by who could not receive communion or vote on church matters probably
joined the church under the terms dictate by:
A. colonial governor
B. legislature
C. Halfway Covenant
D. the Saybrook Platform
E. his own personal calling

100.

Benjamin Franklin pursued all of the following EXCEPT:


A. inventor
B. businessman
C. professional writer
D. educator
E. diplomatic statesman

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OBJECTIVE TEST ANSWER KEY
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

C
A
D
C
C
E
B
E
D
A
C
B
D
D
B
C
A
D
A
E
C
C
B
D
B

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

C
A
A
C
B
D
A
C
E
C
A
B
E
A
B
D
C
D
C
E
B
A
C
E
D

51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75

B
C
E
E
B
A
E
C
D
B
C
E
A
C
D
C
D
B
B
E
C
E
A
C
B

76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

E
C
A
B
C
E
C
A
C
D
C
D
C
A
D
B
C
C
A
E
B
B
D
C
D

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American Revolution, Constitution & Federalist Era
1750-1800
DIRECTIONS: Read each question carefully, fully and analytically. Then choose ONE response to mark
as your answer.
1.

Which of the following events is considered by historians to be the morning star of the American
Revolution?
A. The Trial of John Peter Zenger
B. Shays Rebellion
C. Boston Massacre
D. Nat Turners Revolt
E. Assassination of Alexander Hamilton

2.

The primary economic pursuit and interest of the early settlers in New France was
A. farming
B. fishing
C. mining
D. commerce
E. fur trapping

3.

The soldier, explorer, and colonist whose leadership earned him the title of Father of New France was
A. Baron Marquette
B. Robert de La Salle
C. Samuel de Champlain
D. Father Jolliet
E. Francisco Pizzaro

4.

Government in New France (Canada) was


A. almost completely autocratic
B. democratic
C. similar to that the English Colonies
D. noted for its trial by jury practice
E. control by the Catholic Church

5.

The French wanted to control Louisiana because they


A. liked its climate
B. wanted the rich and productive land for farming
C. wanted to keep the area unfortifieD.
D. would then control the mouth of the Mississippi
E. feared the Dutch would expand into the territory

6.

Which event occurred in the United States during the critical period (1781-1789)?
A. Whiskey Rebellion
B. Shays Rebellion
C. The Stono Rebellion
D. Hartford Convention
E. Meeting of the 2nd Continental Congress

7.

Which of the following colonial powers exercised the least amount of control over the commercial and
political practices in the colonies?
A. Portugal
B. Holland
C. Great Britain
D. France
E. Spain

8.

George Washington once said, There are combustibles in every state which a spark might set afire.
What event in American History was he describing or referring to...
A. election of 1796

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B.
C.
D.
E.

Stamp Act
Shays Rebellion
Nat Turners Revolt
Whiskey Rebellion

9.

As a result of the Albany Congress 1754,


A. the Iroquois Confederacy entered into an alliance with the English
B. an intercolonial legislature was created
C. England angrily reacted to colonial claims by imposing harsh economic restrictions on the colonies
D. the colonies were granted limited tax power thereafter
E. an enduring symbol of union was established

10.

The English Prime Minister whose policies brought success in the Seven Years War was
A. Lord North
B. Edmund Burke
C. George Grenville
D. William Pitt
E. Robert Walpole

11.

The British theory that Parliament represented all subjects within the British Empire was called...
A. direct representation
B. virtual representation
C. proportional representation
D. equal representation
E. ethnic representation

12.

Blacks, lower-class whites, and women were brought into the vortex of imperial politics during the protests
over
A. Stamp Act
B. Sugar Act
C. Townshend Acts
D. Coercive Acts
E. Quebec Act

13.

John Dickinsons Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania,


A. avoided the question of colonial consent to parliamentary legislation
B. rejected Parliaments right to regulate imperial trade
C. objected to internal but not to external taxes
D. objected to external but not to internal taxes
E. dealt with the issues of future western settlement

14.

Among the Indian tribes, who supported the patriots at the beginning of the Revolution?
A. Algonkin
B. Cherokees
C. Narragansetts
D. Mohawks
E. Oniedas

15.

The Treaty of Paris (1763) gave Britain title to


A. all French claims west of the Mississippi, and Spanish Florida
B. all French claims east of the Mississippi, and Spanish Florida
C. all French claims in the Pacific Northwest, New Orleans, and Sugar Islands
D. all Spanish and Dutch claims in North America
E. all French claims in North America

16.

Who organized a combined uprising of the Western tribes in the aftermath of the French defeat?
A. the French fur traders
B. the Iroquois Indians
C. Pontiac
D. Chief Red Cloud

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E.

Geronimo

17.

What was the basic British policy after 1763?


A. to defeat the French
B. to centralize their empire
C. to deprive Americans of their liberties
D. to conspire to seize political power and influence
E. to withdraw from the western hemisphere

18.

The Sons of Liberty drew their members from the ranks of


A. traders, lawyers, and prosperous artisans
B. the men who upheld the authority of Parliament to tax the colonies
C. the poorest people in American seaports
D. any male descendent of a delegate to the First Continental Congress

19.

In Common Sense, Thomas Paine argues all EXCEPT:


A. Parliament had deliberately and wickedly brought about the Americas misfortunes
B. Britain had dealt with the colonies out of self-interest rather than affection
C. monarchy was a foolish and dangerous form of 18th century government
D. nature had destined America for independence
E. George III was the author of Americas misfortunes

20.

In contrast to women in New England, southern white women


A. were relatively few in number
B. tended to marry at an early age
C. were more likely to remain unmarried
D. were held in lower esteem than northern women
E. were allowed to serve in political positions of influence

21. The major interest of France in the conflict between Britain and the America revolutionaries was to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

gain trading concessions from the Americans


regain territory lost in the French and Indian War
support the ideals of the Declaration of Independence
keep England weakened by a protracted war
maintain an alliance with Holland against the Spanish

22. The victory at Saratoga was important because it


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

brought France into the war as formal American ally and partner
opened the port of Boston
led to an estrangement between British troops and their native American allies
brought George Washington to national political prominence
was a devastating defeat for the Americans at the hands of Canada.

23. The Northwest Ordinance of 1787


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

was an idealistic but impractical plan for settling the areas north of the Ohio frontier.
had not lasting significance
established the process by which new states could enter the union
promised the Iroquois rights to their traditional hunting grounds.
provided for womens rights

24. The Revolution brought some improvement in the status of women in the form of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

universal suffrage
Republican motherhood
enhanced legal rights in the individual states
the right to sue in the Courts
the economic dole

25. Trapped between the French Navy and the American troops at Yorktown, Lord Cornwallis chose to
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A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

retreat South to the Carolinas


fight to the last man standing
surrender his troops in order to save lives
swim to safety
dig in until the war was over

26. The precedent-setting policy for the handling of public lands was contained in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Treaty of 1781
Constitution
Alien and Sedition Acts
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
Land Ordinance of 1785

27. The Constitution of 1787 gave Congress all of the following powers EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

right to review constitutionality of immigration laws


taxation
the right to coin money
the power to regulate commerce
the power to raise & support armies & navies

28. The following were plans submitted to the Founding Fathers in Philadelphia EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.

30.

Virginia Plan, also known as the Randolph Plan


New Jersey Plan, authored by Wm., Patterson
Pennsylvania Plan of Benjamin Franklin
South Carolina Plan of Charles Pinckney
New York Plan of Alexander Hamilton

During the French and Indian War


A. colonial troops strove to emulate the professionalism of the British regulars
B. British officers praised colonial troops for their courage under fire
C. colonial troops adapted well to the British system of military discipline
D. deep-seated difference in respect to military discipline emerged between the British officers and the
colonial troops
E. Indians played a major role in disrupting the British military
To pay for its share of the cost of the French and Indian War, the Virginia House of Burgesses:
A. increased taxes on tobacco
B. resorted to deficit financing, printing paper currency
C. sold lands to British speculators
D. increased the taxes of yeomen farmers
E. instituted the income tax.

31. Which of the following statements best characterizes the British governments attempts to meet the war debts?
A.
B.
C.

Parliament raised the tax on land


Parliament raised the tax on cotton, rice, and tobacco
Parliament decreased the import duties on sugar and tobacco to encourage a greater volume of sales
and thus to increase revenues
D. The government increased excise tax levies on salt, beer, and distilled spirits.
E. Britain followed the policy of salutary neglect
32. Many New England traders, such as John Hancock, protested the Sugar Act because they:
A. had made money by importing French molasses without paying duty
B. believed it gave Pennsylvania merchants an unfair advantage
C. believed it gave Georgians a reason to oppose British trade monopoly
D. believed it gave New York merchants an unfair advantage
E. believed the tax on French molasses was too low to make British molasses profitable.

33. In contrast to women in New England, southern white women


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

were relatively few in number


tended to marry at an older age
were more likely to remain unmarried
were held in lower esteem
tended to be indifferent to social elements of concern

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34. The influence and power of colonial assemblies in the eighteenth century derived mostly from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

the support and cooperation of the British Parliament


their increasing control over taxation and spending
their ability to create government jobs for their supporter
their threats to secede from the empire
their influence upon fishing and commerce

35. The English statesman who presided over the impressive British effort to defeat the French in the Great War
for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Empire was
Oliver Cromwell
James Montcalm
James Wolfe
George Washington
William Pitt

36. Grenvilles policy relating directly to the original thirteen North American colonies included all of the following
EXCEPT:
A. to find more efficient sources of revenue
B. to regulate colonial export trade more carefully
C. to control the internal commerce of the colonies more stringently
D. to allow the local assemblies more freedom to control local affairs
E. to have colonials pay more of Englands cost of empire

37. A colonial patriot whose smuggling career meant that he served his own self-interest as well as principle when
he opposed British customs policy was
A. Thomas Hutchinson
B. John Adams
C. John Hancock
D. Joseph Galloway
E. Benjamin Franklin

38. Edmund Burke is a good example of a member of the English Parliament who
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

sympathized with the colonial protest movement


supported tougher policies on the colonies
advocated war with the colonies at a very early date
suggest to George III that he should reject the idea of giving the colonists representation in Parliament
called for a slave uprising in the colonies

39. On December 16, 1773, some sixty men, thinly disguised as Mohawk Indians boardedships. This quotation
describe the event known as the
A. Declaratory Act
B. Boston Massacre
C. Boston Tea Party
D. Battle of Lexington
E. Battle of Ticonderoga
40. Joseph Galloways Plan of Union
A. represented the moderate elements at the Continental Congress
B. called for colonial independence
C. was supported by the Sons of Liberty
D. alienated most delegates to the Continental Congress with its uncompromising rhetoric.
E. pled for annexation to France

41. The language of the Olive Branch Petition is clear evidence that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

very late in the conflict, many colonist still wanted a peaceful restitution of the empire
Sam Adams and other radicals had given up on violence as a resistance tactic
the Second continental Congress wanted complete independence, but without war.
King George III had peaceful intentions
was written by Alexander Hamilton

42. The Great Awakening


A.

featured a battle between conservative and liberal theology

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Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


B.
C.
D.
E.

undermined Calvinism
permanently check liberal theological doctrines
had but slight impact
was only felt in the South

43. Colonial legislatures often dominated royal governors by


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

threatening armed rebellion


using the militia
withholding the governors salary
appealing to London
making alliances with the Iroquois Indians

44. The most serious American weakness in the Revolutionary War was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

currency deflation
the absence of foreign aid
sectional jealousy
sagacity of manpower of military age
debt owed to Spain

45. During the Revolution, slaves


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

massacred their masters


remained passive
became British subjects
fought creditably for America
were used only by the British

46. Lawyers and other Americans used common-law arguments mainly to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

justify violent resistance to the Stamp Act


call for the overthrow of King George III
justify smuggling in violation of the Navigation Acts
assert that parliamentary statutes could not abridge the colonists essential rights as British subjects
draft the Articles of Confederation

47. From the rationalist philosophies of the Enlightenment, American rebels derived
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

the belief that individuals had certain natural rights


the doctrine of a just war
the idea that civil rights were natural rights
the idea that violence, being irrational, is not natural
the idea from French soldieries who inspired them Revolution

48. By early 1766, Parliament responded to the protests in the colonies by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.

urging withdrawal of troops from the American seaport cities


formulating a plan for the election of colonial members of Parliament
expelling colonial diplomats from London
demanding that the Americans submit to Parliament
abandoning North American claims in the new world

The new ministry of Lord North arranged a compromise in early 1770 by:
A. repealing all of the Townshend duties but leaving rest in North American ports
B. repealing all of the Townshend duties but troops in Boston only
C. repealing the Townshend duties except for the tax on tea
D. removing all troops from North American seaports and cutting the Townshend duties in half

50. Lord Norths ministry reacted to the resolves of the First Continental Congress by:
A.
B.
C.

adopting William Pitts policy of conciliating the colonies by recognizing the Congress in exchange for
acknowledgment of Parliaments supremacy
ordering a blockade of the ports of Boston and New York
sending commissioners to North America to negotiate a settlement

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Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


D.
E.

devising a bilateral policy with the Dutch to takeover English shipping


directing the military to suppress dissent in Massachusetts

51. During the war, among the most demoralizing blow to Washingtons personal morale came when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

American forces lost the Battle of Cowpens


General Benedict Arnold defected to the British
the French commander Rochambeau insisted on a joint offensive in Virginia
the Continental dollar became worthless.
the failure of George Rogers Clark in the western part of Ohio

52. The American revolution generation proved most universally sensitive to individual rights issues concerning
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

private property
free speech
slavery
voting
public education

53. The concept of republican motherhood included all of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

voting
political education of the young
participation in civic activities
protectors of virtue
protection of social and moral values

54. In every human breast God had implanted a principle, which we call love of freedom; it is impatient of
Oppress, and pants for Deliverance These eloquent lines urging the emancipation of the slaves during
the revolution were authored by
A. Patrick Henry
B. Philips Whitely
C. Mercy Otis Warren
D. Abigail Adams
E. Martha Jefferson

55. The eighteenth-century Adam Smith, altered the view of the ideal republican citizen by applauding
A. a simple patriotic lifestyle
B. the public good over personal gain
C. economic self-interest
D. intellectual pursuits over profit making
E. advocating industrialism
56. The Articles of Confederation denied the national government the power to regulate commerce and the power
to
A. pass laws
B. tax
C. conduct foreign affairs
D. make war
E. adjudicate conflicts in the laws within the states

57. The Northwest Ordinances of 1785 and 1787 had the effect of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

extending the size of the original thirteen colonies


weakening the national governments authority
pushing the last vestiges of British authority from the Northwest
developing commerce with the Dutch
developing procedure for creating new states.

58. One of the outcomes of Shays Rebellion was that it helped convince many elates that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

another revolution was desirable


a stronger and more stable national government was necessary
personal wealth should be limited
a more egalitarian society was a more orderly society.
slavery was a poor solution to the nations economic woes

59. Among those prominent Americans missing from the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 was
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Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Roger Sherman
Alexander Hamilton
George Washington
Benjamin Franklin
Thomas Jefferson

60. The Philadelphia Convention was specifically called to


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

draft a new constitution


develop a Bill of Rights for citizens
control of interstate commerce
regulate the judicial system in the colonies
revise the Articles of Confederation

61. The American Revolution


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

caused a revolutionary change in the entire social structure


brought about no significant economic changes
guaranteed equality for the new states
was accelerated evolution
brought about a complete political overturn

62. The Federalists Papers were published to


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

propagandize for the Constitution in New York


defended the Articles of Confederation
attacked the English colonial political system
propagandized for a new federalist convention
promoted the anti-Federalist Party

63. The 55 delegates to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 personally represented:


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

the debtor elements of society


the yeomen farmers
the conservative propertied class
the radical elements
the urban class rather than the rural again class

64. The author of the radical pamphlet , Common Sense,


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

agitated for independence and republicanism


was the work of Ben Franklin writing under a psydonumym
urged patriots to carry out the revolution of the common people
restore harmony to the British colonies
appealed to France to abandon its claims to Canada

65. To finance the War, the American Congress took action to


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

issue paper money


levy taxes on colonial population
rely on the money from France and Holland
borrow money from wealthy American merchants and planters
sell western lands

66. In civilian life during the Revolution and Confederation


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

most artisans submitted to government regulation of prices


most merchants accepted the notion of the just price
most farmers grumbled at laws of regulation
self-interest tended to triumph over republican virtue
most urban dwellers bore the brunt of taxation

67. Which of the following men did not recommend a bicameral legislature to the Philadelphia Convention?
A.
B.

James Madison
Alexander Hamilton

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C.
D.
E.

William Patterson
John Adams
Charles Pi Pinckney

68. The Great Compromise resolved the difference between the New Jersey and Virginia Plan principally
throughout use of
A. a bicameral legislature
B. a constitutional monarchy
C. a bill of rights
D. virtual representation plan
E. the incorporation of slavery in the southern economy

69. The Federalist Papers are best described as


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

political pamphlets
editorials in praise of the Articles of Confederation
pamphlets that suggested moderate compromise
newspaper essays that associated the Constitution with economic prosperity
a source of John Locke when he wrote the Second Treatise on Government

70. Alexander Hamiltons vision of a new America called for all of the following EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

transforming the new republic into a manufacturing power


relying local and state authority to act in the national economic interest
giving the new government authority to regulate and guide the economy
forging a productive cooperative partnership with Great Britain
establishment of a national bank

71. Alelxander Hamiltons famous economic plan that he hoped would strengthen the American economy included:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

lowering the tariff


a free market economy
a national bank
the repudiation of the national debt
revenue-tax sharing with the states on property taxes?

72. Thomas Jeffersons vision of the good society included all EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

an agrarian society
a citizenry of virtuous independent farmers
a national government with limited powers
an economy that relied on the national government to provide subsidies
a society of education, agriculture, and politics

73. In his Farewell Address in 1796, George Washington warned his fellow citizens about the negative affects of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

an industrial economic policy


a war with Great Britain
internal riots and rebellions
urbanization
political parties

75. Which of the following events did not occur during Washingtons Administration?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

French Revolution
development of cotton economy
emergence of political ideology & partisanship
Alien and Sedition Acts
development of Presidents cabinet

76. Which of the following principles of political theory were NOT incorporated into the political philosophy of the
Founding Fathers when they drafted the Constitution?
A. checks and balances
B. political parties
C. separation of powers
D. civilian control of the military
E. equality before the law
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77. Which of the following concepts did Alexander Hamilton NOT APPROVE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.

loose interpretation of the Constitution


funding the national debt
pro-French diplomatic alliance
tariff
government protection of commerce power of the Constitution

A major purpose of Hamiltons financial policy was to


A. help out his friends
B. encourage speculative inflation
C. force the states to pay their war debts
D. increase federal centralization of power
E. develop an excise tax

79. The first Cabinet was formed


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

by request of Congress
under specific Constitutional provision
by evolution as a part of the unwritten Constitution
under pressure from the states
under pressure from the federal judiciary

80. To restore faith in the credit of the federal government, Hamilton proposed
A.
B.
C.

to issue paper currency backed by gold and silver


measures to reduce or prevent private speculation in public securities
to redeem securities issued by the Confederation government with new notes paying 12 percent
interest.
D. that the national government assume the unpaid debts of the states
E. that the government establish a national bank
81. In response to Hamiltons bill to establish the Bank of the United States:
A. Washington agreed with Hamilton and singed the bill into law
B. Jefferson relied on loose construction in declaring the bank unconstitutional
C. Hamilton used a strict interpretation to argue for the national bank
D. the Treasury Secretary questioned the morality of public bank
E. Jefferson and Madison aggressively pushed into law over Washingtons veto

82. Thomas Jeffersons vision of the United States included:


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

industrialized urban centers at the front of the Industrial Revolution


expansion of the institution of slavery
western territories populated by independent white yeoman farm families
a rejection of scientific farming in favor of agricultural traditionalism
education for all men a condition for equality

83. What effect did the French Revolution and the war between France and England have on the American
economy?
A. a British naval blockade crippled trade
B. the failure of wheat farmers to sell France led to depression
C. Cotton exports exceeded those of tobacco in value
D. Washingtons Proclamation of neutrality hindered American merchants
E. American Indians were aided by American colonials

84. In their protests against the Alien and Sedition Acts, Jefferson and Madison
A. asked the Supreme Court to declare the laws unconstitutional
B. called for the impeachment of President John Adams
C. accused Adams of being a tool and a fool of the British
D. asserted that states could refuse to enforce the federal law that exceeded the grant of Constitutional
government.

E. led a political sit-in in Washington D.C.


85. In Federalist 10, Madison maintained that the constitutional government would:
A. eliminate the need for political parties
B. protect the rights of individual states against incursions by the central government
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C. prevent the President from assuming dictatorial decree powers
D. bring focus and order to American foreign policy
E. prevent any one faction from becoming dominant
86. Jays Treaty
A. officially ended the alliance with France
B. removed restrictions on American trade with British colonies
C. was rejected by the Senate because it gave up too much to Spain
D. secured the evacuation of British Troops from the Northwest
E. allowed Americans to immigrate to Oregon
87. In the XYZ Affair
A. England agreed to abandon the forts in the Northwest
B. French officials demanded a bribe to open negotiations with US
C. Adams broke with his party and sent a new peace commissioner to France
D. the Cherokee Indians were defeated by the Spanish in Florida
E. the United States agreed to end the Quasi-War with France
88. In the mid 1790s the Republicans drew support from all of the following groups EXCEPT;
A. seaport mechanics and artisans
B. subsistence farmers
C. southern tobacco planters
D. westerners in Tennessee & Kentucky
E. northeastern merchants
89. Most people who migrated from New England during the 1790s
A. moved in large family or church groups
B. moved to western New York
C. relocated in northeastern Ohio
D. organized themselves into joint-stock companies to secure funding for the move.
E. because of the social affects of the Salem Witch Trials.
90. The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions were a response to
A. Whiskey Rebellion
B. Shays Rebellion
C. Stono Rebellion
D. Alien and Sedition Acts
E. Intolerable Acts
91. In the preamble to the Constitution, the Founding Fathers laid down the fundamental objectives of the new
government. They sought all EXCEPT which of the following:
A. to promote the general welfare
B. to provide for the common defense
C. to provide for protect the right to bear arms
D. to secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity
E. to insure domestic tranquillity

92. The Twelfth Amendment provided for


A. barred partisan politics from the electoral college
B. separated balloting for president and vice president
C. undermined the implied powers clause
D. gave Constitutional recognition to the presidential cabinet
E. women to have equal rights with men
93. Jefferson favored voting by
A. informed masses
B. all adult males
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Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


C. property owners
D. the upper classes
E. by senators only
94. The Founding Fathers were very careful in the allocations of power. They delegated powers in
A. Section one to the Congress
B. Article II to the President
C. Article III to the Supreme Court
D. Article I, Section 8, for the whole national government
E. Tenth Amendment for both the states and the national government
95. One of the first acts of Congress under the newly ratified Constitution was to protect civil liberties by
A. giving the President extraordinary powers
B. expand the powers of the Supreme Court
C. enact a Bill of Rights
D. making a standing army unconstitutional
E. limit the freedom of speech

96. Chief among the opponents of the ratification of the Constitution was
A. Samuel Adams
B. Alexander Hamilton
C. Henry Clay
D. James Madison
E. Patrick Henry
97. Which of the following statements best describes the American conception of the republican ideal?
A. to Americans, a republic was simply a state that had no monarch
B. Individuals rights and liberties were Americans primary concern
C. Local governments were subordinate to the state governments
D. Each individual had rights and responsibilities in the collective state.
E. Each of the thirteen states decided this separately
98. By 1800 in the Chesapeake region
A. most planters argued that slavery was a necessary evil required to maintain white supremacy and
B.
C.
D.
E.

their elaborate life styles


most planters had freed their slaves through manumission
most planters had freed only their female slaves
freed blacks outnumbers slaves three to one
slavery was too costly to continue

99. During the Revolution it was customary from women to:


A. maintain their traditional roles
B. weave cloth for tailors to fashion clothing for the soldiers
C. assume the responsibility for farm production
D. look out for their own interests
E. make slow but significant gains that took a century longer to achieve
100.

To whom does Thomas Jefferson owe his election in 1800?


A. Henry Clay
B. John Adams
C. Alexander Hamilton
D. James Madison

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E. Patrick Henry

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OBJECTIVE TEST ANSWER KEY
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

A
E
C
A
D
B
D
C
E
D
B
A
A
E
B
C
B
A
A
A
D
A
C
B
C

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

E
A
C
D
B
D
A
A
C
E
D
C
A
C
A
A
A
C
C
D
A
A
D
C
E

51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75

B
A
A
B
C
B
E
B
E
E
D
A
C
A
A
D
C
A
D
B
E
D
E
A
D

76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

B
C
D
C
D
A
C
C
D
E
D
B
E
A
D
C
B
A
D
C
E
D
A
E
C

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Sectionalism
1800 to 1850
DIRECTIONS: Read each question carefully, fully and analytically. Then choose ONE response to mark
as your answer.
1.

All but one of the following principles were put forward by Thomas Jefferson in his Inaugural Address
EXCEPT
A. economy in government
B. repeal of Hamiltons financial program
C. to engage in no entangling alliances
D. guarantee to citizens majority rule with minority rights
E. guarantee of fundamental fairness to all

2.

The strongest opposition to the war with England in 1800 came from
A. southern planters
B. western frontiersmen
C. New England commercial interests
D. the professional standing army
E. the mid-Atlantic artisans & workers

3.

In the case, Marbury vs Madison the Supreme Court


A. ordered Marburys commission be delivered to him
B. held a state law to be unconstitutional
C. reversed a decision of the Virginia courts
D. held part of act of Congress to be unconstitutional
E. established the supremacy clause of the Constitution

4.

The purchase of Louisiana occurred with which European nation?


A. Holland
B. England
C. Germany
D. Spain
E. France

5.

Jeffersons Democratic-Republican party


A. was a division of the Federalists
B. appealed to workers in the cities
C. was led by John Jay and Aaron Burr
D. appealed to fears of commercial and urban interests
E. wanted France to intervene militarily in US affairs

6.

In response to Frances hostile actions, John Adams


A. negotiated the Treaty of Versailles
B. negotiated an alliance with Britain known as the XYZ Affair
C. authorized the army to invade French Louisiana
D. asked Congress to declare war against Napoleonic France
E. conducted unofficial naval warfare on the high seas with France

7.

The general concern of the XYZ Affair was


A. England abandoned forts in the Northwest territory against treaty commitments
B. French government demanded a bribe to open negotiations with US
C. Adams broke with his party and their peace commission
D. John Adams fired Hamilton from his cabinet
E. Indians began a new round of warfare in Pennsylvania

8.

The election of 1800 was finally settled by

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A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

the Supreme Court


the electoral college of the states
the Senate of the US
the House of Representatives
the secret ballot of the Adams Administration cabinet officers

9. According to the Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions, the power to review conflicts was to be decided by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

the Supreme Court


the Senate
the States
the House of Representatives
the council of state supreme courts

10.

Once Jefferson ascended to power in the White House he


A. dismantled Hamiltons economic program
B. appointed John Marshall as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
C. announced that he was changing parties to become a Federalist
D. increasingly adopted the concept of broad construction of the Constitution
E. became very narrow and reclusive choosing to delegate power to the governors

11.

Ornithologists and ichthyologists have long appreciated the work and study of...
A. Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr
B. John Paul Jones and James Madison
C. Lewis and Clark
D. Henry Clay and Daniel Webster
E. Noah Webster and John Quincy Adams

12.

Thomas Jefferson worried that the purchase of Louisiana had gone far beyond
A. the authority of the Constitution
B. the doctrine of nullification
C. the social compact theory in the South Carolina Exposition & Protest
D. the legal limits of taking land from the Indians for the right of eminent domain
E. the minimal risks of war with France

13.

Which of the famous Marshall decisions upheld the doctrine of implied powers and proclaimed national
supremacy over the states?
A. Marbury vs Madison
B. Dartmouth College vs Woodward
C. Gibbons vs Ogden
D. Cherokee Nation vs Georgia
E. McCulloch vs Maryland

14.

The powers of______declined in relation to the power of the______.


A. Congress : presidency
B. national government : states
C. Supreme Court : state courts
D. Federalists : Republicans
E. Western immigrants : Southern slaves

15.

During the period 1800 to 1820, which of the following issues dominated national government concerns?
A. Indian removal
B. Western expansion
C. Tariff issues
D. New Englands success with nullification
E. successful foreign policy changes with France & Italy

16.

Which is the correct order of occurrence of A) Louisiana Purchase, B) Election of 1800,


C) Marbury vs Madison, D) the Burr Conspiracy?
A. A, B, C, D
B. B, C, A, D
C. C, A, D, B

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D. A, D, C, B
E. C, B, D, A
17.

The battle between the Chesapeake and the Leopard


A. was perhaps initiated by the French
B. was initiated by the Americans
C. prompted President Jefferson to propose an embargo on nearly all goods
D. was followed by an apology from the British
E. was followed by a threat to intervene by Germany in the War of 1812

18.

The Rush-Bagot Treaty


A. provided for America to purchase Florida from Spain
B. was perhaps, the first disarmament treaty in the world
C. determined the boundary line between Canada and Maine
D. ended the War of 1812
E. helped Italy to avoid war with France

19.

The British and the Americans agreed to a ten-year joint occupation of the Oregon country through
A. Adams-Onis Treaty
B. Treaty of Ghent
C. Rush-Bagot Agreement
D. Treaty of Paris 1819
E. Convention of 1818

20.

According to the Constitution, for an individual to convicted of treason,


A. the charge must be established by two or more witnesses to the same overt act
B. the defendant must confess before the Congress
C. the defendant must be tried in the presence of the Supreme Court
D. the defendant must be impeached by Congress
E. the charge has to agreed upon by two or more states and indicted by the federal government

21.

The basic long-range causes of war include ALL EXCEPT which of the following?
A. nationalism
B. imperialism
C. liberalism
D. militarism
E. fanaticism

22.

In the election of 1810, the country turned to a new generation of leaders that would lead the country for
the next forty years. They included ALL EXCEPT:
A. Henry Clay
B. Alexander Hamilton
C. Daniel Webster
D. John C. Calhoun
E. Andrew Jackson

23.

The success of the Monroe Doctrine was almost dependent upon


A. the active popularity of President Monroe
B. the active support of Spain
C. the active support of England
D. the approval of the American people through public opinion polls
E. the approval of all three branches of the American government: Congress, Presidency, & the Supreme
Court

24.

The Missouri Compromise involved the issue of


A. war with the Indians
B. border dispute with Spain
C. the tariff
D. slavery
E. nullification

25.

The Monroe Doctrine was issued in response to

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A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

the threat of war with England


the threat of war with Austria
the purchase of Florida
the invention of the cotton gin
threat of Quadruple Alliance to reestablish Spanish Power

26.

The battle of New Orleans


A. destroyed the Creeks Indian tribe
B. forced the British to sue for peace with the US
C. cause the British to evacuate Washington
D. led to a surge in American nationalism
E. led to the development of sectionalism in America

27.

Although the Monroe Doctrine carries President Monroes name, it was most likely the work of
A. George Canning
B. Henry Clay
C. John C. Calhoun
D. James Madison
E. John Quincy Adams

28.

King Cotton plantations in the Antebellum South


A. involved in low concentrations of slave labor
B. were relatively profitable compared to northern industry
C. were more profitable than sugar or tobacco plantations
D. seldom used female slave labor
E. experienced widespread shifting of slaves to breakup families and gangs

29.

Slave diets in the South contained all EXCEPT:


A. peanuts
B. soybeans
C. vegetables
D. fruits
E. meat-especially pork, chicken & catfish!

30.

Actual violence by masters against slaves in the South was


A. extremely rare
B. often held in check because the high cost of slaves
C. seldom a part of plantation discipline
D. frequently an issue in Southern port cities
E. a daily routine for most slaves

31.

Slaves who ran away from their masters were usually


A. unattached young men
B. heads of households
C. field hands in the lower South
D. women who were house servants
E. pregnant women who sought to be in the North when a baby was born

32.

Gabriel Prosser (1800), Denmark Vesey (1800), and Nat Turner (1831)
A. wrote slave autobiographies
B. became abolitionists after running away along the Underground railroad
C. planned violent slave revolts
D. helped return runaways to their masters
E. came from the border states along the Ohio River

33.

Slave revolts were usually led by


A. skilled literate slaves and free blacks
B. field hands
C. southern whites who were opposed to slavery
D. female slaves with families

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E.

blacks who immigrated from Europe

34.

Early turnpikes were financed mostly by


A. federal taxes
B. state and local revenues
C. private investors
D. import duties on manufactured items
E. usage fees

35.

Early 19th century transportation featured ALL EXCEPT:


A. sailing vessels
B. Conestoga wagons
C. river boats
D. horse back
E. railroads

36.

The most successful canal building projects were in


A. New York
B. Pennsylvania
C. Virginia
D. Ohio
E. Massachusetts

37.

The majority opinion in Dartmouth College vs Woodward, (1819)


A. strengthened the sanctity of private contracts
B. upheld the results of the election of 1816
C. dealt with the issue of implied powers clause
D. undermined the powers of the president as commander in chief
E. dealt with Indian removal issues

38.

Which state was NOT formed from the territory of the Louisiana Purchase
A. Montana
B. Missouri
C. Iowa
D. Arkansas
E. Arizona

39.

All
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

40.

The central figure in the passage of the Missouri Compromise was


A. John C. Calhoun
B. Abraham Lincoln
C. Daniel Webster
D. Andrew Jackson
E. Henry Clay

41.

The Adams-Onis Treaty ceded to the United States the territory of


A. the Gila Peninsula
B. much of the Pacific Northwest
C. Louisiana
D. Texas
E. Florida

42.

The revival of the two-party system in the election of 1828 was the result of all EXCEPT:

of the following are true statements about Frederick Douglass EXCEPT that he
had once been a skilled craftsman
was an abolitionist speaker
escaped from slavery
was executed for leading a slave revolt
was a slave who availed himself of education

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A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

the results of the election of 1824


the attractiveness of Andrew Jackson
the gradual removal of suffrage restrictions
the emphasis on issues rather than people
the appeal to grant universal manhood suffrage

43.

Which of the following major cases, treaties, or laws did NOT deal with Indian affairs and rights?
A. the treaty of Holston
B. Cherokee Nation vs Georgia
C. Worcester vs Georgia
D. doctrine of nullification
E. Trail of Tears

44.

The practice by Andrew Jackson and others of rewarding political supporters with jobs was
A. ruled unconstitutional
B. known as pork-barreling
C. called the spoils system
D. known as the caucus system
E. created the political party convention system

45.

The nullification crisis occurred over


A. the national bank
B. the developments in foreign policy such as the Monroe Doctrine
C. the Specie Circular
D. Indian removal
E. the tariff

46.

The man who was one of Andrew Jacksons early supporters and helped him win the New York vote in the
election of 1828 was
A. Henry Clay
B. Martin Van Buren
C. John C. Calhoun
D. Daniel Webster
E. James K. Polk

47.

A declaration by individual state that an act of Congress is not allowable is known as


A. impeachment
B. federalism
C. treason
D. nullification
E. secession

48.

The Missouri Compromise provided for


A. an end to the Bank of the US
B. an increase in the tariff rates
C. the abolition of federal support for canal building
D. the future of free public education
E. the future of slavery in the territories

49.

Samuel Slater
A. introduced to the cotton gin to southerners
B. built the factory system in the north for textiles
C. led a movement to oppose the building of factories
D. was an important anti-slavery advocate
E. was an immigrant labor union organizer

50.

Lowell, Massachusetts in the 1830s and 1840s


A. became the center of anti-slavery movement
B. was the model for many company towns
C. was the home of organized labor unions

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D.
E.

was the terminus for the Erie Canal


became the center of the womens rights movement

51.

The Cult of Domesticity most accurately describes


A. the lifestyles of factory women
B. the responsibilities of farm wives
C. the ideal of upper class, nonworking women
D. the religious convictions of families in factory towns
E. the role of Indian women on the frontier

52.

The two largest groups of immigrants in the period 1820-1850 were


A. Chinese and Japanese
B. Scandinavians and Russian
C. German and Irish
D. Italian and French
E. English and Polish

53.

For middle class Americans, after 1840, which of the following is TRUE
A. the birth rate declined
B. the birth rate increased
C. the infant mortality rate took a sharp increase
D. the life expectancy of an adult male declined
E. males married younger than females

54.

National government funding came primarily from


A. tariff taxes
B. federal income taxes
C. state and local revenues
D. private investments
E. voluntary contributions

55.

Which of the following was NOT a major development in transportation before 1836?
A. Railroads
B. Steam engines
C. Sailing caravels
D. Canals
E. Building of national roads

56.

All
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

57.

The majority opinion in the Supreme Court case Gibbons vs Ogden had the effect of
A. dramatically extending the power of the Supreme Court
B. weakened the Supreme Court thereafter
C. strengthened the presidential veto power
D. confirmed Congressional authority over interstate commerce
E. denied state control over voting rights for northern Blacks

58.

New England factories were initially located in the countryside because


A. farm daughters were needed to do the work
B. machinery was powered by water sources
C. cities wanted to keep out the pollution from their boundaries
D. food to feed the workers was cheap and easily accessible
E. there was canal access to get the product to markets easily

of the following statements are true of Frederick Douglass EXCEPT:


had once been a skilled craftsman
was an abolitionist speaker
escaped from slavery
was executed for leading a slave rebellion
was a major Black leader in Antebellum America

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59.

The American system of manufacturing depended heavily upon


A. female workers
B. government subsidies
C. interchangeable parts
D. electricity
E. catholic immigrants from Italy

60.

The market revolution did all of the following EXCEPT:


A. elevate the status of the workers
B. increase the need for more technological inventions
C. stimulate materialism
D. lead to a redefinition of equality
E. produce a greater per capita wealth in American society

61.

The fur trade of the Great West


A. depended entirely upon men who were socially maladjusted loners
B. was an individualistic enterprise
C. depended upon the Indian for labor
D. dominated by the Mexican government
E. was dominated by very large corporations

62.

The Missouri Compromise


A. was the work of James Tallmadge
B. was inspired by Spain seeking to protect the territory of Mexico
C. enacted the 3630 line in the Louisiana Purchase
D. was imposed on the South by the more populous North
E. gave the North a majority of states in the Union

63.

Calhouns theory of nullification


A. advanced the ideas of John Locke
B. advanced the idea of a perpetual union
C. was never put into operation because the southern states opposed it
D. argued that the Union was a compact of sovereign states
E. upheld the right the Supreme Court to interpret the Constitution

64.

In his debate with Robert Y. Hayne, Webster


A. argued the Supreme Court had the final authority to interpret the meaning of the
Constitution
B. opposed the Force Bill
C. endorsed the theory of nullification
D. put forward for the very first time in American history the doctrine of secession
E. denounced Jacksons proclamation on nullification

65.

Which of the following major leaders of Congress was the author of The South Carolina Exposition and
Protest?
A. Henry Clay
B. Martin Van Buren
C. Daniel Webster
D. Robert Y. Hayne
E. John C. Calhoun

66.

Specie Circular supported by Andrew Jackson


A. required that federal deposits be removed from the national bank
B. required payment for public lands in gold and silver or otherwise--hard money
C. declared only gold and silver were legal money
D. raised the minimum specie deposits for banks
E. advocated the idea of manifest destiny

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67.

The Independent Treasury Act


A. deposited federal funds in selected state banks
B. expanded credit by authorizing low-interest federal loan during depression
C. was vetoed by the president as unconstitutional
D. was the brain child of John Q. Adams to bring about a compromise on money issues
E. sought to divorce banking from government

68.

The Charles River Bridge Case the Supreme Court


A. encouraged free enterprise by striking down a monopoly
B. reversed the Marshall court to centralize constitutional interpretation of the laws
C. upheld the constitutionality of the Independent Treasury
D. struck down the theory of nullification
E. declared Indian removal as unconstitutional and restored their lands to the tribes

69.

Evangelism
A. was pessimistic about human nature
B. was reasserted by traditional Calvinism
C. stressed the need for a conversion experience
D. led to a decline in church membership
E. appealed primarily to the poor

70.

The new emerging American middle-class family


A. was more prosperous because of dual incomes of husband and wife
B. was larger because of increased prosperity
C. made sacrifices to educate their daughters so they could care for themselves
D. was smaller and based upon the idea of privacy
E. was smaller because of religious teachings of abstinence

71.

Romanticism influence all of the following EXCEPT:


A. American literature
B. European & American music
C. considered as an emotional source of truth
D. art in the western world
E. American religious develops

72.

Transcendentalism
A. appealed to a small group of intellectuals around Boston
B. was the basis of the revivals of the Second Great Awakening
C. was based upon the ideas of Charles Grandison Finney
D. rejected individualism in favor of conformity
E. was the spark of divine revelation in mid-nineteenth century religion

73.

Utopian socialist movements included all EXCEPT:


A. Shakers
B. Oneida Community
C. New Harmony
D. Forreirian Phlanges
E. Abolitionists

74.

The abolitionist movement


A. condemned slavery but refused to endorse racial equality
B. coupled a condemnation of slavery with support for colonization movement
C. devised a program for gradual, compensated emancipation
D. insisted that slavery was foremost a question of moral evil
E. condemned slaver because it hurt whites

75.

Seneca Falls, New York was the site of


A. John Humphrey Noyes utopian community
B. Charles G. Finneys greatest revival
C. the first major womens rights convention
D. Prudence Crandalls school for black girls
E. Joseph Smiths founding of the Mormons

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76.

The American Colonization Society advocated


A. migration of African-American to northern cities
B. an immediate and uncompensated end to slavery
C. racial equality
D. settlement of Irish immigrants to America
E. the return of ex-slaves to Africa

77.

The famous gag rule prevented


A. the House of Representatives from discussing slavery
B. western states from abolishing slavery
C. discussion of Manifest Destiny in the west
D. southerners from sending pro-slavery literature through the US mail
E. abolitionists speaking publicly against slavery

78.

I have long viewed treaties with the Indians an absurdity not to be reconciled to the principles of our
Government. This quotation was the view of...
A. John Quincy Adams
B. James Monroe
C. John Marshall
D. Abraham Lincoln
E. Andrew Jackson

79.

In the famous Webster-Hayne debate, Daniel Webster and Robert Y. Hayne were actually arguing about
doctrine of nullification
A. slavery
B. manifest destiny
C. industrialism vs agrarian democracy
D. the Maysville road veto

80.

In the infamous Peggy Eaton Affair, Andrew Jackson


A. made a permanent enemy of John C. Calhoun
B. made a life-long ally of Henry Clay
C. managed to offend Martin Van Buren
D. took the side of Mrs. Calhoun in this famous social quarrel
E. demonstrated unusual restraint and tact.

81.

Among the reasons for the westward movement were the following EXCEPT:
A. the search for individual freedom
B. an escape from religious persecution
C. wanderlust
D. fear of the Indians
E. the promise of economic opportunity

82.

Mormonism challenged all of the following values in American society EXCEPT:


A. popular sovereignty
B. private property
C. individualism
D. religious revivalism
E. the work ethic

83.

The major difference in ethnicity, religion, and settlement patterns of California


A. was founded by Spain, was Catholic, and settled very early in the 18th century
B. they were completely successful in Christianizing the Indians
C. the area was dominated by Protestant settlers from northern Europe
D. was attractive to Angelos before 1820 and the Missouri Compromise
E. the Indian cultures dominated the region even after settlement

84.

John Sutter was


A. a mountain man and fur trader

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Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


B.
C.
D.
E.

a gold miner and a timber supplier


a religious fanatic who sought to drive Catholicism from the state
a leader of an Anglo-American who sought to revolt against the Spanish ruling class
a Mormon leader who sought to have Brigham Young settle in California

85.

The earliest and most enthusiastic proponents of Manifest Destiny were


A. investment bankers
B. eastern politicians
C. northeast industrialist
D. southern proslavery advocates
E. Protestant missionary groups

86.

Americas first billion-dollar industry was


A. textile manufacturing
B. machine tools
C. tobacco production
D. cotton ginning
E. railroads

87.

Most slave masters viewed slavery as


A. a profitable enterprise even though immoral
B. unprofitable but moral
C. an economic necessity and moral
D. both unprofitable and immoral
E. highly racist and expletive

88.

The proslavery argument appealed to all of the following sources for authority EXCEPT:
A. ancient religious practice
B. the Bible
C. romantic literature
D. large slave owners
E. capitalistic writings of Adam Smith

89.

Manifest Destiny was based upon all of the following ideas EXCEPT:
A. Anglo-Saxon racial superiority
B. new lands would extend the domain of free government and free enterprise
C. conquest of new territory would prove American military superiority
D. America had specially divine ordained mission in the world
E. provided for the coming of the trains-continental railroad

90.

Utopian socialist movements included ALL EXCEPT:


A. Oneida Community of John Humphrey Noyes
B. Shakers
C. Brook Farm
D. Anglicans
E. Phalanxes

91.

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo did NOT provide for


A. American purchase of California from Mexico
B. American purchase of Texas from Mexico
C. extension of the Missouri Compromise line to the pacific
D. legal sanction for popular sovereignty doctrine
E. the end of the conflict with Mexico

92.

The doctrine of popular sovereignty was closely associated with


A. Brigham Young
B. Jedediah Smith
C. Daniel Webster
D. David Wilmot

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Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


E.

Stephen A. Douglas

93.

The aging nationalist Henry Clay proposed the Compromise of 1850 which provided for all EXCEPT:
A. admission of California as a free state
B. admission of Texas as a slave state
C. abolition of slave trade in District of Columbia
D. provide popular sovereignty to prevail in Utah and New Mexico
E. provide for an effective fugitive slave law

94.

A primary advocate and original voice of the term manifest destiny was
A. Andrew Jackson
B. James K. Polk
C. John L. OSullivan
D. Henry Clay
E. John C. Calhoun

95.

The Wilmot Proviso


A. prohibited slavery from any territory acquired from Mexico
B. condemned Polk for starting the Mexican War
C. issued an extermination order on the Mormons
D. voted supplies for American troops but opposed acquiring any territory
E. was a blatant racist declaration of Abraham Lincoln

96.

Radical abolitionists held


A. a confident faith in the workings of the American political process
B. to the view that the corruption of American society placed it beyond redemption
C. a strong belief in a higher law than that of Congress or the Constitution
D. a generally pessimistic view of human nature
E. a consensus of abolitionists all future immigration from Europe

97.

Before the Civil War the Souths slave labor force


A. was a self reproducing population
B. was generally unprofitable to the planter class
C. was an inflexible labor system
D. was employed exclusively in the cultivation of cotton
E. was shifted to the production of Tabasco

98.

The Know-Nothing party of the 1850s clearly appealed to


A. agrarian interests
B. western free-soilers
C. anti-immigrant sentiments
D. pro-slavery advocates
E. anti-industrial environmentalists

99.

The first American novel to include blacks as central characters was


A. Walden
B. The Scarlet Letter
C. The Last of the Mohicans
D. Moby Dick
E. Uncle Toms Cabin

100.

Most of the overland routes to the Trans-Mississippi West in the period 1830-1850 actually originated in
Kansas on the lower
A. Mississippi River
B. Arkansas River
C. Platte River
D. Rio Grande River
E. Ohio River

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39

Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


ANSWER KEY FOR SECTIONALISM EXAM #3
OBJECTIVE TEST ANSWER KEY
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

B
C
D
E
D
E
B
D
C
D
C
A
E
B
B
B
C
B
E
A
C
B
C
D
E

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

D
E
B
B
B
A
C
A
C
D
A
A
E
D
E
E
D
D
C
E
B
D
E
B
B

51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75

C
C
A
D
C
D
D
B
C
A
E
C
D
A
E
B
E
A
C
D
E
A
E
D
C

76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

E
A
E
A
A
D
E
A
B
E
E
C
E
C
B
B
E
B
C
A
C
A
C
E
C

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40

Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


Industrialism
1850-1900
DIRECTIONS: Read each question carefully, fully and analytically. Then choose ONE response to mark as your
answer.
1.

The Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo ended temporarily, Americas march westward under the guise of Manifest
Destiny so that the country then turned its attention to which of the following issues:
A. imperialism
B. colonialism
C. extension of slavery in the territories
D. abolition of slavery in the South
E. internal settlement of the Midwest

2.

Stephen A. Douglas salvaged the Compromise of 1850 by


A. winning a public endorsement of the Compromise from President Zachary Taylor
B. ultimately allow southerners to dictate the terms of the Compromise
C. passing different parts of the Compromise in different legislative bills
D. threatening to remove the Democrats who opposed the Compromise from congressional committees
E. impeach the President of the United States if he did not sign it.

3.

In Uncle Toms Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe


A. denounced slaveowners as immoral and sinful
B. brought the issue of slavery to the attention of many who had never before considered it serious.
C. won the acceptance of Illinois politician Abraham Lincoln
D. condemned the national government for condoning and allowing slavery to continue
E. was a major manifestation of transcendental writing

4.

The Kansas-Nebraska Bill was sponsored by


A. Henry Clay
B. John Calhoun
C. Franklin Pierce
D. Daniel Webster
E. Stephen A. Douglas

5.

The specific provision of the Compromise of 1850 that led to the sectional controversy was:
A. the national Fugitive Slave law
B. the admission of California as a free state
C. the settlement of the Texas boundary controversy
D. the abolition of the Washington D.C. slave trade
E. the establishment of Mormonism in Utah

6.

Republican political ideology of the 1850s emphasized the importance of


A. limited government
B. overseas colonies
C. free labor
D. immigration to the US
E. development of urbanization

7.

The most divisive issue in the off-year elections of 1858 was


A. Dred Scott case
B. Election of James Buchanan
C. Defeat of Stephen A. Douglas
D. Lincoln-Douglas Debates
E. Admission of California to the union

8.

According to some historians of the ante-bellum period, Southerners went off to war in a mood of
A. tension and anxiety
B. nationalistic fervor and military superiority

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41

Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


C.
D.
E.

optimism and gaiety


passivity and resignation
anger and fear

9.

The growth of the railroad network in the 1850s


A. occurred mostly in the South
B. slowed down compared to the 1840s
C. shifted western trade from South to East
D. occurred without government aid
E. politically insignificant

10.

The Kansas-Nebraska Act


A. repealed the Missouri Compromise
B. forced the passage of the Crittenden Compromise
C. prohibited slavery in Kansas and Nebraska
D. allowed slavery in Kansas but not Nebraska
E. passed only because of strong northern support

11.

The Dred Scott decision of 1857


A. struck down the Kansas-Nebraska Act
B. endorsed the Wilmot Proviso
C. upheld the Missouri Compromise
D. aided the political clout of the Know-Nothing Party
E. declared Congress could not prohibit slavery from a territory

12. In its decision in the Dred Scot vs Sanford case. the Supreme Court ruled ALL OF THE
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

FOLLOWING EXCEPT:

blacks could not be citizens of the United States


the Republican party was illegal
the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional
that slavery was constitutional
blacks had inferior rights to whites

13.

The successor to Henry Clays brilliant record as a sectional compromiser was


A. Zachary Taylor
B. John C. Calhoun
C. Daniel Webster
D. Stephen A. Douglas
E. Andrew Johnson

14.

Which of the following does NOT apply to the Confederacy?


A. produced only a few staple crops
B. had 22,000 miles of railroads
C. was forced to retreat at the Battle of Gettysburg
D. site of the Andersonville prison camp

15.

Which of the following does NOT apply to the Union?


A. appealed to Britain and France for aid and recognition
B. apologized to Britain over the Trent Affair
C. experienced rioting over its draft
D. developed the ironclad Moniter
E. was heavily industrialized

16.

The development of the modern rifle changed military tactics by giving the advantage to troops
A. attacking in solid frontal ranks
B. defending in protected, well-supplied positions
C. on horseback
D. who had no training in military affairs
E. by abandoning the concept of guerrilla warfare

17.

At the battle of Bull of Run (Manassas Junction)


A. was won by the North
B. caused a decline in southern morale
C. increased cockiness of the Southern males
D. involved two well-organized and well-trained armies
E. scared Northerners that the war would be fought on their territory

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42

Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


18.

Which of the following statements is TRUE about the Civil War?


A. It was the most destructive war on the face of the earth
B. It was assumed that the war would be short and quick
C. The chances of wounded soldiers surviving were remarkably good
D. Soldiers in the war did not romanticize and glorify the fighting
E. Rifles introduced a higher casualty rate than ever before

19.

Because of the demands of the war, the rural South


A. became even more rural than before the war
B. became increasingly urbanized during and after the war
C. became a more intensely producer of agricultural products
D. over-produced consumable goods thereby going bankrupt
E. traded heavily with Latin American countries

20.

Southern women during the war...(contrary to the romanticized image in Gone With The Wind)
A. failed to break free of pre-war social and economic attitudes
B. ran farms and plantations while the men were away
C. lost confidence in their own abilities as human beings
D. were refused jobs in the Southern Confederate bureaucracy
E. were sexually assaulted by northern army troops

21.

The most dramatic economic difference in the two warring sides during the war was
A. Southern industry grew while Northern commerce decline rapidly
B. Northern civilians suffered more than southern ones
C. northern agriculture declined and southern agriculture leaped forward
D. Blacks became poor in the North and showed signs of prosperity in the South
E. the South became poorer while Northern industry increased in all areas.

22.

In the North, the Civil War caused....


A. mechanization of agriculture to slow down
B. farmers mechanized faster than before
C. considerable hunger in the cities as agricultural production dropped off and food became scarce
D. women to suffer greater hardships than southern women
E. urban race riots to flare up

23.

One fundamental political fact of truth that was discovered by both Lincoln and Davis was:
A. war requires active leadership
B. congress works best without presidential leadership
C. decentralization of power is most efficient
D. that the President of any country in war is bound by the constitutional restrictions that apply in peace time.
E. they both had political security and confidence of their constituents

24.

In the North during the Civil War conflict


A. cotton mills grew in great numbers
B. railroad construction expanded
C. government spending declined
D. there was not migration west as before the war
E. heavy industry grew dramatically

25.

Lincolns original plan for emancipation was


A. to free all the slaves the minute the war started
B. to keep slavery in all areas except the West
C. to abolish slave on the national level but not at the state level
D. ignore the issue of slavery altogether
E. to emancipate slaves gradually, with compensation.

26.

Before Lincoln could issue the Emancipation Proclamation he needed to


A. overwhelmingly vote through Congress
B. a southern victory to show how desperate the situation was
C. a northern victory to show that he was not acting desperately
D. the support of Fred Douglass
E. needed support from northern generals

27.

Jefferson Davis

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43

Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

was a masterful war leader


communicated better with common people than with of the planter class
was warm, amiable, and courageous
he did not have the personality of great war leader
he was a master military tactician the like of a Douglas MacArthur

28.

Abraham Lincoln
A. lacked political flexibility
B. never objected to criticism
C. could talk easily to common people of the North
D. suffered, but never made his suffering public
E. was a cold-blooded Machiavellian

29.

Slavery in the United States was ended by


A. Lincoln-Douglas Debates
B. the Emancipation Proclamation
C. an act of Congress in 1870
D. Presidential executive order in 1861
E. ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution

30.

In order to win their independence, Southerners would have had to


A. capture Washington D.C.
B. prevent subjugation by the North
C. invade and occupy large parts of the North
D. free their slaves
E. seek military help from the British

31.

The pioneer photographer who risked his life to take battlefield pictures was
A. Matthew Brady
B. John C. Fremont
C. Irvin McDowell
D. Thomas Jackson
E. Thomas Edison

32.

The incident in which a Union warship stopped a British steamer and removed two Confederate diplomats became
known as the:
A. Slidell Affair
B. Merrimac Affair
C. Seward Affair
D. Trent Affair
E. Dryfeuss Affair

33.

The military victory by General Grant to control the Mississippi River was
A. Port Hudson
B. Port Huron
C. New Orleans
D. Vicksburg
E. Fort Henry

34.

What is mot likely the reason that the states of the upper South waited until April 1861 to
A. They waited until they were convinced that the Confederacy enjoyed military superiority
B. They waited until Lincoln showed that he would use force against the seceded states
C. They waited until they were sure the other slave-holding states had seceded
D. They waited until Lincoln had broken the law
E. They waited untied England declined to send troops to America to help the North

35.

Why did most people in the North think that the rebellion of the South would be quickly crushed?
A. The Norths greater economic resources and population
B. Northerners knew President Abraham Lincoln was great and Ulysses S. Grant was a genius.
C. They knew the North could blockade the Southern ports
D. They thought and feared a slave rebellion might breakout
E. They were aware that France was secretly providing arms to the North.

36.

Lincolns suspension of the Writ of Habeus Corpus demonstrated he


A. would use almost any reason to save the Union

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secede?

44

Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


B.
C.
D.
E.

viewed the Civil War as an opportunity to vastly increase his powers as President
cared little about the rights of secessionists
knew nothing about constitutional law
he would act as dictator with decree power to maintain his control

37.

Hinton R. Helper is most accurately know and described as


A. an abolitionist who hated the South and slavery
B. a free soiler who rejected slavery and black people
C. a northern Democrat who supported slavery
D. a southerner who attack slavery on economic, but not racial grounds
E. a mugwump southern reformer advocating womens rights

38.

Black soldiers in the Union army


A. served in the military for the first time
B. usually were in unimportant supportive roles
C. rarely had any direct contact with war
D. were frequently used in non-combatant roles
E. were never a significant number for either side

39.

With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us
strive to finish the work we are in: to bind up the nations wounds.... These words reflect the viewpoint of
A. Charles Sumner
B. Thaddeus Stevens
C. Andrew Johnson
D. Robert E. Lee
E. Abraham Lincoln

40.

Reconstruction has been considered by many historians to be more devastating to the South than the War was...
Which of the following aspects became a major asset to southern reconstruction?
A. Sharecropping
B. Crop Lein System
C. Development of steel mills in the South
D. Negro exodus to both the North and West
E. Jim Crow laws

41.

The term Black Reconstruction refers and applies to the reconstruction process
A. leading to the impeachment of Andrew Johnson
B. at the state level where African-Americans played a prominent role in politics
C. as seen by white southerners who resented radical interference
D. goals of the radicals in Congress
E. education of Blacks in schools and colleges

42.

Black political participation


A. was almost always with the Democratic Party
B. was deeply attached to the Mugwumps
C. was almost always associated with the Republicans
D. was often a third party issue
E. was rare and ineffectual

43.

Historian William A. Dunning, the novelist Thomas Dixon, and the film, Birth of A Nation were all influential in
A. popularizing the image of the Old South
B. creating the myth of the New South
C. perpetuating the view the Reconstruction was a mistake
D. condemning the Ku Klux Klan
E. voices of vengeance for the North

44.

In Reconstruction jargon, a Scalawag was


A. a white southerner who aligned themselves with the Republican Party
B. former slave who voted Democratic
C. northern Democrat who voted Republican
D. northern Republican who joined the Democratic Party during Reconstruction

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45

Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


E.

Mexicans who supported Blacks

45.

The term Copperhead


A. was applied to a Northern opponent of the War by Republicans
B. was a nickname for southern soldiers because of their sun tans
C. was a new coin issued by the federal government to finance the war
D. referred to government income tax collectors
E. northerners who supported Blacks

46.

The black codes enacted in the South


A. Instituted sharecropping
B. gave black citizens civil and political rights
C. were designed to protect Whites from Blacks
D. were passed at the instigation of Andrew Johnson
E. were designed to keep Blacks an economically dependent class

47.

The advantages of steel over iron are that


A. steel costs less than iron
B. steel is lighter and stronger than iron
C. steel is easier to produce than iron
D. steel is more abundant than iron
E. steel is more malleable and flexible than iron

48.

All
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

49.

Army soldiers, urban idealists from the North, and profiteers were known as...
A. Carpetbaggers
B. Scalawags
C. Copperheads
D. Sharecroppers
E. Creoles

50.

The year 1862 was a watershed year. All of the following laws or events took place in that year EXCEPT:
A. Homestead Act
B. Pacific Railway Act
C. Morrill Land Grant Act
D. Battle of Moniter vs Merrimac
E. Lincolns Emancipation Proclamation

51.

The single greatest industrial development after the Civil was the expansion of...
A. railroads
B. oil industry
C. vertical consolidation of trusts
D. meat packing industry
E. labor unions

52.

The concept of vertical integration refers to the practice of


A. employing all kinds of ethnic workers
B. controlling industry from extraction of raw material to the marketing of finished products
C. extinguishing competition through watering stock
D. bribing politicians from the White House to city hall
E. unification of the American courts from the Supreme Court to Justices of the Peace

53.

Andrew Carnegie did for the steel industry, as ____________ did for the petroleum industry
A. J.P. Morgan
B. James B. Duke
C. Cornelius Vanderbilt
D. John D. Rockefeller
E. Henry Bessmer

of the following EXCEPT were factors that contributed to a favorable climate of industrial development
abundant natural resources
development of technology
a sympathetic government
a cheap labor supply
development of universal education

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46

Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


54.

Morganization was a concept of...


A. bribery of public officials
B. consolidation of corporate control
C. proliferation of small competitive companies
D. stock watering
E. expansion of the meat packing industry

55.

The device of the railroad to pool was designed to


A. avoid taxes
B. encourage small shippers
C. comply with regulatory legislation
D. consolidate several companies under one parent company
E. reduce the destructive nature of intense competition

56.

The Credit Moblier was a


A. large banking firm
B. the first petroleum company
C. large and corrupt railroad construction company
D. government agency that loaned money to immigrants and Indians
E. billion dollar American corporation

57.

Developments and contributions of electricity centered around the inventions of


A. Andrew Carnegie
B. Henry Bessemer
C. John D. Rockefeller
D. Albert Michaelson
E. Thomas A. Edison

58.

Females made up more than half the workers in all of the following occupations EXCEPT:
A. typists
B. nursing
C. textile workers
D. steel workers
E. telephone operators

59.

The first group of unions that emerged in 19th century America represented
A. skilled craftsmen
B. agriculture
C. office and clerical workers
D. meat packers
E. unskilled workers

60.

The Knights of Labor


A. organized black and white workers
B. recruited skilled and unskilled workers
C. openly embraced the strike as a weapon against management
D. became the largest workers union by 1880
E. was an imported group of British unionist in the railroad industry

61.

Horizontal consolidation was the end result of the corporate tactics of


A. J.P. Morgan
B. James B. Duke
C. Leland Stanford
D. Andrew Carnegie
E. John D. Rockefeller

62. The National Labor Union founded under the direction of Uriah Stephens, established in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.

1866 centered most its activities on securing


the eight hour work day
higher wages
vacation pay with benefits
medical benefits

The American Federation of Labor


A. organized only skilled craftsmen

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47

Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


B.
C.
D.
E.

embraced freed Black slaves


concentrated on raising wages, reducing hours and improving conditions
rejected socialism and other forms of political radicalism
helped to found the communist party of the United States

64.

Social Darwinism encouraged all of the following attitudes EXCEPT:


A. the belief in laissez-faire government
B. social welfare legislation
C. an acceptance of great wealth as a natural product of industrialization
D. the Gospel of Wealth
E. a modern manifestation of Machiavellianism

65.

The most distinguishing characteristic of the Plains Indians vs the Eastern Woodland Indians was
A. their concept of private property
B. their religious ceremonies
C. matrilineal society
D. stationary and permanent type of living
E. their use of horses

66.

Hear me my chiefs, I am tired, my heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more
forever. These are the words of the great Indian chief...
A. Chief Joseph
B. Chief Sitting Bull
C. Chief Crazy Horse
D. Chief Black Hawk
E. Chief Red Cloud

67.

Promontory Summit was the location of the


A. first cattle ranch in Idaho
B. most successful silver mine in Colorado
C. meeting place where the transcontinental railroad was conjoined
D. last battle with the plains Indians
E. site of Placer mining in California

68.

The most controversial aspect of the Mormon settlement in Utah was ...
A. theocratic politics
B. irrigation
C. development of the intermontane basin
D. peaceful relations with Indians
E. polygamy

69.

Indian resistance to the White man settling of the great plains manifested itself in all EXCEPT:
A. Battle of Wounded Knee
B. Battle of the Little Big Horn
C. Battle of the Washita
D. Battle of Vicksburg
E. Fetterman Massacre

70.

The Dawes Severalty Act dealt with...


A. Indian culture spreading into the Black population of the South
B. aimed at assimilation of Indians into white society
C. undermined the Bureau of Indian Affairs
D. was universally accepted by the Indians
E. rejection of Indian land claims to lands of the Mississippi Valley

71.

Population growth at the turn of the century was promoted by all EXCEPT:
A. a rural-urban shift
B. increased mechanization of labor
C. immigration
D. major developments in medicine
E. the Black birthrate exploded after moving to the north and west

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48

Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


72.

In the late nineteenth century cities


A. the wealthy lived at the core
B. the poor were thrust to the outer fringes
C. residential patterns reflected the mingling of economic classes
D. affected by ghettos in the Midwest
E. the upper and middle classes lived in the outer suburbs

73.

City transpiration was transformed by


A. the horse
B. electricity
C. the cable car
D. the suburbs
E. the subways

74.

The long drive was


A. the first pony express
B. an overland cattle expedition from Texas to the cowtowns on the railroads
C. springtime journey across the Badlands in search of pastures
D. the Montana fall roundup
E. from the Texas panhandle to St. Louis

75.

General George A. Custer and his men were slaughtered at the Battle of...
A. Sand Creek
B. Washita
C. New Ulm
D. Fallen Timbers
E. the Little Big Horn

76.

W.E.B. DuBois
A. was a follower of Booker T. Washington
B. believed that equality required a struggle
C. thought Blacks should wait patiently for equal rights
D. organized the Back To Africa Movement
E. was a communist revolutionary

77.

The court case U.S. vs E.C. Knight favored


A. consumers
B. manufacturers
C. racial minorities
D. women
E. immigrants

78.

Populism had its roots in


A. urban discontent
B. agrarian discontent
C. black discontent
D. racial antagonism
E. religious tensions

79.

The first American college founded exclusive for women was...


A. Oberlin
B. Stanford
C. Vasser
D. Johns Hopkins
E. University of Chicago

80.

The City is the nerve center of our civilization. It is also the storm center. This quotation expresses the views of...
A. Mark Twain
B. Booker T. Washington
C. Louis Sullivan
D. Josiah Strong
E. Admiral Alfred Thayer Mahan

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49

Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


81.

...a brick building four to six stories high on the street, frequently with a store on the first floor...Four families
occupy each floor. This quote describes
A. a modern hotel
B. life in the suburbs
C. a tenement
D. a ghetto house
E. a dormitory

82.

The Social Gospel Movement is most accurately described as


A. the reform wing of the Republican party
B. socialist reformer attempting to create a welfare state
C. Protestant clergymen concerned with the problems of the urban poor
D. a revivalist movement that swept the mining towns of the West
E. a movement among intellectuals in the new universities advocating equal rights or women

83.

One go-getting cattleman who made the cow town of Abilene boom was
A. Charles Goodnight
B. Joseph G. McCoy
C. Frederic Remington
D. Charles M. Russell
E. Ignatius Donnelly

84.

Mormons in Utah developed a new way to raise crops, known as...


A. open range farming
B. dry farming
C. public domain farming
D. sod farming
E. rotational crop farming

85.

The mining frontier was significant because


A. the majority of miners made vast fortunes
B. it brought peace between the Indian and the white man
C. it demonstrated that the western states had few natural resources
D. it stimulated the cattle, lumber, and railroad business
E. it triggered the industrial revolution in the United States

86.

All
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

87.

Marshall Field, J.C. Penny, Sears, and Montgomery Wards were common ...
A. oil industries
B. meat packing industries
C. mail order houses
D. whole sale outlets
E. distributor centers

88.

Henry George, the author of Progress and Poverty, made his reputation as a critic of Gilded Age society
A. by reforming education
B. calling for a reform of free-market capitalism
C. extolling the virtues of Social Darwinism
D. condemning private ownership of property
E. praising revolutionary anarchism

89.

Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr were


A. midwestern pioneer women who championed the rights of immigrants
B. pioneers in the Settlement House Movement such as Hull House
C. advocates of racial equality

of the following were forms of business consolidation EXCEPT:


trusts
pools
mergers
interlocking directorates
proprietorships

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50

Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


D.
E.

Tammany Hall politicians


urban architects and planners

90.

William Marcy Tweed is most closely associated with the


A. Social Gospel movement
B. Tammany Hall politics
C. muckraking journalism
D. philanthropist supporter of Womens Christain Temperance Union
E. John Hopkins University

91.

European immigrants from all around the continent of Europe brought with them all of the following EXCEPT:
A. developments in music such as the founding of the Metropolitan Opera & New York Philharmonic
B. literature that stressed both realism and romanticism
C. educational developments that raised the US to highest level of literacy of any nation
D. industrial inventions and management organization
E. development in sports of the old world

92.

Which of the following was NOT an major educational and scientific achievement of the Gilded Age?
A. Henry Rowlands development of the Electron theory of matter
B. Albert Michaelson who correctly measured the speed of light and was a nobel laureate
C. Edward L. Pickering pioneer work in the science of astrophysics
D. Josiah Willard Gibb the discoverer of physical chemistry
E. Max Planck and his quantum theory

93.

Major American educators to emerge in the Gilded Age were all EXCEPT:
A. Henry Barnard - founder of Barnard College
B. John R. Commons - the developer of modern sociology
C. Woodrow Wilson - brilliant young student of political science
D. Frederick Jackson Turner - historian of the West
E. Richard T. Ely - the young genius from Hopkins who developed modern economics

94.

Which of the following institutions was NOT a major private university to be endowed by the Gilded Age
industrialists?
A. Carnegie Institute of Technology
E. Stanford University
B. John Hopkins University
C. Ohio State University
D. University of Chicago
95. Which man is incorrectly paired with his achievement or development?
A. Edward L. Bok
Ladies Home Journal
B. Charles Darwin
Origin of the Species
C. Lester Frank Ward Dynamic Sociology
D. William James
Pragmatism
E. Thorsten Veblen
Looking Backward
96.

Which philosophical orientation influenced Gilded Age literature the most?


A. Realism
B. Romanticism
C. Hedonism
D. Pragmatism
E. Classicism

97.

Painting in America became a major art form because of


A. education
B. social mobility
C. entrepreneurial philanthropy
D. European influences from Paris and Florence
E. developments in the Western U.S.

98.

Classical music such as symphony, opera, and ballet came to America in the Gilded Age because of
A. widespread popular demand
B. educational development among the younger generation
C. technological developments in sound and sight
D. immigration from Europe

99.

Which great American artist is mis-matched with his or her art form?

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A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
100.

Charles Marion Russell


Louis Sullivan
Evan Stephans
Theodore Dreiser
Winslow Homer
Mary Cassatt

Painting (Western art)


Architecture
Music (organ)
Music (vocal)
Painting (sea scapes)
Painting (impressionism)

Perhaps the greatest American contribution to the develop of cultural history was in the arena of
A. music
B. sports
C. essay writing
D. journalism
E. religious developments

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OBJECTIVE TEST ANSWER KEY
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

C
C
B
E
A
C
D
C
C
A
E
B
C
B
A
B
C
C
B
D
E
B
A
E
E

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

C
D
C
E
B
A
D
D
B
A
A
D
D
E
C
B
C
C
A
A
E
B
E
A
E

51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75

A
B
D
B
E
C
E
D
A
C
E
B
A
B
E
A
C
E
D
B
E
E
B
B
E

76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

B
B
B
C
D
C
C
B
B
D
E
C
B
B
B
E
E
A
C
E
A
C
D
D
B

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Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


Progressivism
1898-1932
DIRECTIONS: Read each question carefully, fully and analytically. Then choose ONE response to mark as your
answer.
1.

The historical practice of one nation, attempting to control another through political and economic controls is
known as...
A. nationalism
B. mercantilism
C. fanaticism
D. capitalism
E. imperialism

2.

The white mans burden refers to the idea that the white race...
A. suffered from the threat of Mongol invasion of Europe
B. had to take the lead in promoting the mixing of the races
C. to show restraint in colonizing the non-white peoples of the world
D. had to civilize the non-white peoples of the world
E. had to avoid contact with the Africans

3.

The Social-Darwinists supported imperialism because


A. Anglo-Saxons owed their superiority to the process of ontology
B. believed that there was a divine mandate to conqueror the world
C. contact with noble savages would vitalize western culture
D. the process of evolution determined that the fittest races should dominate
E. Anglo-Saxons and Teutonic people were inferior to Slovak and Asian peoples

4.

The Venezuelan Crisis was important because it showed


A. the United States had no interest in Latin America
B. Europeans that they must respect the Monroe Doctrine
C. the United States wished to share its influence with the British
D. Europeans that the Monroe Doctrine was now superseded
E. the United States that they could no longer hold Latin America hostage

5.

Russia and the United States became rivals over China in part because the
A. Americans allied more closely with Great Britain
B. Russians opposed American plans to develop Manchuria
C. Russians signed a treaty to share Manchuria with Japan
D. Russians supported Englands treaty with Japan
E. United States wanted to isolate Russia by using China as a buffer.

6.

The ideology of progressivism, insofar as it had one, generally


A. backed silverite monetary reforms
B. backed the hard money policies of the 19th century gold standard
C. mixed a liberal concern for the poor with a conservative wish to control social chaos
D. called for redistribution of incomes from the wealthy and a social approach to government
E. was anti-labor union and pro-industrialist in orientation

7.

As moderate modernizers, Progressives


A. insisted on a standard of absolute truth
B. emphasized the evolution of values and pragmatic solutions
C. reaffirmed the Calvinist view on innate evilness of mankind
D. looked to the modern corporation to solve the problems of the poor
E. advocated that the Supreme Court become much more active in reform

8.

Hays original Open Door proposal


A. met with widespread approval among Asian nations
B. met with enthusiastic acceptance by all the major powers

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C.
D.
E.

was remarkably successful in China


was a novel twist to American policy in Latin America
advocated fair competition among foreigners in China

9.

Theodore Roosevelts contributions to world peace included all of the following EXCEPT:
A. framing the Gentlemans Agreement
B. negotiating the Treaty of Portsmouth
C. preventing European intervention by the Roosevelt Corollary
D. ending the Boxer rebellion
E. participating in the Morocco dispute

10.

The Gentlemans Agreement


A. resulted in the development of the Open Door Policy
B. control of Japanese immigration
C. ended the Russo-Japanese War
D. paved the way for an Isthmian canal
E. was an agreement between England and India

11.

The Roosevelt Corollary of the Monroe Doctrine


A. hampered debt collections
B. prohibited European investments in Latin America
C. heartened the Latin Americans
D. caused peace to be achieved between Colombia and Panama
E. sanctioned preventive intervention by the U.S

12.

Josiah Strongs Our Country, became a classic articulation of


A. economic imperialism
B. a religious justification of imperialism
C. anti-imperialistic views
D. statehood for new territories such as Hawaii and Alaska
E. mild nationalistic concern over issues of race and religion

13

[God] has made us the master organizer of the world to establish a system where chaos reigns...He has made the
American people as His chosen nation to finally lead in the regeneration of the world. These words, spoken by a
United States Senator at the turn of the century, are a clear expression of
A. Social Darwinism
B. Economic determinism
C. Anglo-Saxons
D. the Social Gospel
E. Populist campfire rhetoric

14.

Admiral Alfred Thayer Mahan


A. was among the most influential imperialists of the late 19th century in America.
B. provided a systematic critique of imperialistic adventure.
C. warned against the dangers of having a large modern navy
D. advocated the immediate annexation of Samoa, Cuba, Hawaii, and the Philippines
E. preached white racism to the black and yellow nations of the world

15.

The Teller Amendment did which of the following?


A. It convinced Spain that American intentions were peaceful
B. It announced that the United States intended to annex Cuba.
C. It boldly declared that Cuba should rightfully be independent
D. It rejected the principles of the Monroe Doctrine, the Roosevelt Corollary, and the Clark Memorandum.
E. It declared that Cuba should rightfully be independent

16.

The Platt Amendment


A. convinced Spain of Americas peaceful intentions in world affairs
B. was included in the Cuban Constitution, at U.S. insistence, gave the United States the right to intervene in
Cuban affairs
C. was never enforced

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Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


D.
E.

guaranteed the U.S. economic advantages in the island


was applauded by the over-wheeling majority of Cubans

17.

Which of the following had the most lasting affect upon American diplomacy and subsequent history?
A. Alabama claims
B. Boxer Rebellion
C. Russo-Japanese War
D. Spanish-American War
E. Roosevelt Corollary

18.

All
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

19.

The Spanish-American War did all of the following EXCEPT:


A. brought the North and South closer together
B. prepared for the conquest of yellow fever
C. stimulated big navyism
D. restricted Venezuela by the provisions of the Platt Amendment
E. strengthened the military position in the Far East

20.

The most unexpected long-range strategic result of the Spanish American War involved
A. the invasion of Argentina
B. the invasion of Cuba
C. the capture of Puerto Rico
D. the naval defeat victory of Admiral Dewey
E. the crushing defeat of the Spanish Admiral Cervera off Santiago.

21.

The Spanish American War of 1898 revealed that


A. Spain was a well prepared foe
B. the U.S. Army was wretchedly unprepared
C. the American people were in a sober mood
D. the Secretary of War was an able administrator
E. there was anti-Latin ethnocentrism all across the U.S.

22.

Which of the following Amendments to the Federal Constitution was not proposed and promoted by the Progressive
Era political leaders?
A. Authorizing a federal income tax
B. Providing for election of U.S. Senators directly by the people of the state
C. Giving women the right to vote
D. Establishing the two-term limit upon U.S. Presidents
E. Prohibiting the sale, consumption, and distribution of liquor

23.

What group tended to be disproportionately prominent in the crusade against alcohol


A. women
B. Black Americans
C. white ethnic communities
D. those who sought for national prohibition
E. those who manufactured soft drinks

24.

Theodore Roosevelts approach to handling antitrust issues was to


A. speak softly and carry a big stick
B. follow Supreme Court distinctions between commerce and manufacturing
C. regulate rather than prosecute, whenever possible
D. encourage private, rather than public, lawsuits-filed under existing laws
E. aggressively interfere and take direct decisive action

of the following were objectives of Progressivism EXCEPT:


replacing capitalism with socialism
improving the working conditions of the factory laborers
fighting corruption in municipal governments
protecting the interests of consumers
making the government more directly responsible to the electorate

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25.

Corporations and combinations have become indispensable in the business world...


it is folly to try to prohibit them, but it is also folly to leave them without thorough-going control. This quotation
reflects the ideas and opinions of...
A. Woodrow Wilson
B. William Jennings Bryan
C. William McKinley
D. Robert LaFollette
E. Theodore Roosevelt

26.

In what respect were the populist and progressive movements similar?


A. both were primarily urban movements
B. both were intended to bring about inflation by backing the currency with gold
C. both fought against segregation and other forms of racial discrimination
D. both advocated government intervention in economic matters to handle problems arising out of industrialization
E. both began at the local level and grew into national political movements.

27.

McClures, Harpers, and Atlantic Monthly were noted for their publication of
A. pragmatic philosophers and their works such as Dewey and James
B. muckraking exposed the corruption of political and corporate greed
C. supported traditional Republican causes
D. fashionable profiles of Americas industrial elite
E. low level street reading to encourage the illiterates to read

28.

The political, economic, and social reforms of the progressive era came to a head in the passage of...
A. Newland Act
B. Bland -Allison Act
C. Sherman Anti-Trust Act
D. Clayton Act
E. Pure Food and Drug Act

29.

Which of the following late 19th century and early 20th century Presidents filed the greater number of anti-trust
suits....
A. William McKinley
B. Theodore Roosevelt
C. William Howard Taft
D. Woodrow Wilson
E. Grover Cleveland

30.

The Ballinger-Pinchot controversy was concerned with


A. whether government lands should be conserved under federal or state regulation
B. how low tariffs should be dropped during a recession
C. how strictly railroads should be regulated
D. whether child labor laws should be strictly enforced
E. progressive urban-renewal projects

31.

In the attitudes of American voters in 1912, Progressives were given


A. a bitter defeat
B. a resounding endorsement
C. a mild-setback
D. a half-hearted endorsement
E. a chance to completely reform the government toward socialism

32.

Which of the following people was not a major player in the progressive reform movement?
A. Robert LaFollette
B. Oliver Wendell Holmes
C. Margaret Sanger
D. Joseph G. Cannon
E. Louis Brandeis

33. What is an accurate comparison of the two competing brands of political progressivism in the 1912 presidential
campaign (Roosevelts New Nationalism and Wilsons New Freedom)
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A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

The New Nationalism accepted concentrations of capital, labor and government;


but the New Freedom stressed competition among small business and reduced government power
The New Nationalism supported business and ignored social justice concerns while the New Freedom held to
the reverse emphasis
Both welcomed assertive federal power and encouraged business growth
They were not economic and political movements, rather they were oriented toward diplomacy and foreign
policy issues.
Neither was truly progressive in nature

34.

On consumer protection matters such as regulating the food processing industry. Roosevelt_______________; in
conservation he ___________________________
A. refused to support legislative action...sought protection for natural resources
B. came slowly to support moderate regulatory reform...showed aggressive leadership
C. proposed creation of federal regulatory agencies...opposed any action that would lock up the nations
resources.
D. asserted Presidential power effectively....deferred to congressional action.
E. appealed to the courts for guidance....took the side of big business

35.

Progressive era literary developments included all of the following EXCEPT:


A. The Theory Of The Leisure Class
B. The Jungle
C. The Single Tax
D. Sister Carrie
E. The Grapes of Wrath

36.

Major cultural and social leaders of the progressive movement included all EXCEPT:
A. John Muir
B. J.P. Morgan
C. John Dewey
D. William James
E. Lincoln Steffens

37.

The main objective of the Muckrakers was to


A. institute socialism
B. establish communism
C. reestablished Jacksons Spoils System
D. cleanse capitalistic society of evil and mediocrity
E. create a society like Alice In Wonderland

38.

Major cultural and political voices for change during the progressive era were all EXCEPT:
A. Robert LaFollette
B. Frank Norris
C. Henry Demarest Lloyd
D. Ernest Hemingway
E. Jacob Riis

39.

Which of the following women is incorrectly paired with the movement she led or was prominently associated:
A. Frances E. Willard - Anti-Saloon League
B. Jane Addams - Hull House of Chicago
C. Margaret Sanger - Founder of the Red Cross
D. Carrie Chapman Catt - National American Woman Suffrage Association
E. Alice Paul - National Womens Suffrage Movement

40.

The progressives---both Republican and Democrats---were weak in their support of


A. women
B. immigrants
C. educators
D. ex-southern confederates
E. blacks

41.

Theodore Roosevelt acquired territorial rights in Panama by means of


A. persistent negotiations with Colombian authorities
B. abetting revolution in Panama
C. threatening Panamanian political leaders
D. seizing Panamanian territory by force

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Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


E.

by outright purchase from Venezeula

42.

Progressive diplomacy embodied all EXCEPT:


A. a belief in moralism in international affairs
B. a belief in the superiority of Anglo- American institutions, and therefore in Americas mission to help civilize the
non-western world
C. a nationalistic commitment to remaining aloof from global power politics in Europe, Latin America, and Asia
D. a pragmatic commitment to preserving and enlarging opportunities for international trade

43.

Under the Roosevelt Corollary the U.S.


A. agreed to abstain from interfering in the internal affairs of the Caribbean nations.
B. declared the canal zone open to all nations
C. established a system of mutual financial and commercial obligations with Panama
D. promised to make Cuba a state within the United States
E. justified intervention in the internal affairs of Caribbean countries

44.

Tafts Dollar Diplomacy was intended to accomplish all of the following, EXCEPT:
A. encourage private corporations to invest abroad
B. foster prosperity in nations abroad
C. tied debt-ridden nations to the U.S. instead of Europe
D. promote American corporate interests overseas through regular use of armed forces
E. was arrangement with European nations to protect open tariff policies in the U.S.

45. Among
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

the homefront impacts of the First World War were all EXCEPT:
a spirit of unity that reduced racial and ethnic tensions
a government-business partnership to manage the war economy
a draft to provide military manpower
a government information agency designed to stir up patriotic support for the war
establishment of an income tax to help defray the war costs

46.

When the draft began as a means to ensure adequate troops for the war, American public opinion
A. was overwhelmingly opposed to it.
B. ranged widely from strong opposition to enthusiastic support
C. was enthusiastically approving
D. was apathetic since it affected relatively few Americans.
E. was strong in the eastern U.S. and weak in the western states

47.

What is the best judgment about attitudes in the Senate toward the Treaty of Versailles?
A. Few supported it
B. Most supported it in some form
C. About half supported it as Wilson submitted it, the other half was irreconcilably opposed to it
D. Democrats uniformly voted for its amended version against Wilsons express instructions; Republicans
consistently voted against it
E. the Senate asked the Supreme Court to overturn it on Constitutional grounds

48.

Woodrow Wilsons first foreign policy crisis involved


A. an invasion of Haiti
E. Annexation of Hawaii
B. the Mexican Revolution
C. a Canadian boundary dispute
D. the building of the Panama Canal

49.

The Triple Entente was a European defense pact that linked all of the following EXCEPT:
A. Austria-Hungary
B. Russia
C. Great Britain
D. France
E. Italy after 1917

50.

Which one of the following was NOT part of the Triple Alliance?
A. Italy
B. Germany
C. Austria-Hungary
D. Turkey
E. France

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Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


51.

Americans found German harassment of U.S. shipping on the high seas particularly obnoxious because Germans
A. often assumed an unreasonable definition of contraband
B. forced American ships into ports for searches
C. sometimes seized contraband goods
D. used U-boats to sink commercial vessels
E. recruited Dutch navel personnel to make attacks on U.S. Vessels in the North Sea

52.

The sinking of the French vessel,, Sussex, resulted in


A. Americas declaration of war against Germany
B. an American ultimatum that unrestricted U-boat attacks would mean war with Germany
C. new respect for the American navy and its ability to protect itself
D. the resignation of Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan
E. Dutch treaty with Germany against the Entente powers

53.

In the presidential election of 1916


A. the Republicans successfully exploited the strong anti-war sentiment
B. Wilson became pacifist on the war issue
C. women demonstrated their preference for Republican candidates
D. Wilson campaigned on a hawkish pro-war platform
E. Woodrow Wilson won a close election by winning the South and the West

54.

The Zimmerman Telegram inflamed American public opinion because it appeared to


A. insult the president
B. turn Great Britain against the United States
C. blame the war on American investments in France
D. proposed an alliance between Mexico and Germany
E. proposed an alliance with Argentina and Brazil against the U.S

55.

The War Industries Board


A. placed most industries under government ownership
B. significantly increased American industrial output
C. ended racial discrimination in the workforce
D. is testimony to the failure of Bernard Baruchs managerial skills
E. placed severe restrictions on food consumption in the US

56.

The Committee on Public Information headed by George Creel


A. encouraged young men to avoid the draft
B. promoted objective coverage of the war by American journalists
C. was Americas first official propaganda agency
D. was often accused by sympathizing with the Germans
E. was a panel of newspaper editors advising President Wilson on war issues

57.

Between 1914 and 1920 many African-Americans


A. were admitted to previously all-white labor unions
B. voted with full privileges of citizenship
C. served in racially integrated units
D. left the country rather than serve in the army
E. moved to jobs outside the South

58. Race relations during the war


A. deteriorated and often led to violence
B. improved thanks to the efforts of government programs
C. were among President Wilsons top priorities
D. improved outside the South, but worsened in the South
E. were not materially affect by the US entry into the war
59.

The Treaty of Versailles


A. was a proposal by Clemenceau and Lloyd-George
B. embodied a majority of Wilsons Fourteen Points intact
C. met with Wilsons warm approval
D. was separated from the League Covenant
E. represented a technical betrayal of Germany

60.

Wilsons decision to go to Paris in 1919 was

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60

Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

without precedent in American experience


a logical reaction to the election of 1918
approved generally by the Republicans
evidence of his waning leadership
forced upon him by a hostile Congress-especially the House of Representatives

61.

Wilson signed the Treaty of Versailles for the reasons EXCEPT ONE:
A. it set up the mandate system
B. at could be softened by the League of Nations
C. it kept peacemaking separate from the League
D. it partially achieved some of his Fourteen Points
E. it was a product of his personal diplomacy in 1919

62.

Frances main objective when the Paris Conference met in 1919 was
A. obtaining Germanys Pacific islands
B. securing the German Rhineland
C. holding a plebiscite for the Saar Valley
D. upholding self-determination
E. secure vengeance against Germany

63.

The Treaty of Versailles was the following EXCEPT ONE:


A. too harsh for a peace of accommodation
B. too lenient for a peace of vengeance
C. the result of virtually no compromise
D. disappointing to liberal admirers of Wilson
E. the product of Progressive era diplomacy

64.

The mobilization of Americas economy during World War I had all of the following EXCEPT:
A. high inflation
B. a more equitable distribution of the nations wealth
C. high corporate profits
D. a substantial rise in the real income of farmers
E. expansion of the number of new millionaires in the U.S.

65.

The strongest impulse guiding the diplomacy of European leaders at the Versailles Peace Conference was
A. idealism
B. socialism
C. justice
D. nationalism
E. communism

66.

The economic dictator of the U.S. was


A. John Pierpont Morgan
B. Felix Frankfurter
C. Samuel Gompers
D. George Creel
E. Bernard Baruch

67.

An impact of World War I on the female population was that


A. some formerly all-male medical schools admitted females
B. a genuine watershed in the history of labor occurred
C. the military accepted its first female recruits
D. women were grateful for their new found opportunities to display their gender equity
E. was that women finally won the right to have equal pay for equal work.

68.

Which of the following American literary or labor leaders was dissimilar to the others?
A. Eugene Debs
B. William Z. Foster
C. Big Bill Haywood
D. Samuel Gompers
E. Upton Sinclair

69.

Conservative Republicans opponents of the Treaty of Versailles argued that the League of Nations would
A. isolate the United States from postwar world affairs
B. prevent the U.S. from seeking reparations from Germany

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Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


C.
D.
E.

violate President Wilsons own Fourteen Points


limited United States Sovereignty
give England and France a greater role than the U.S. in maintaining world peace.

70.

Most Progressives sought all of the following EXCEPT:


A. democratization of the political structure
B. reformation of childrens labor laws
C. expansion of womens rights
D. legislative creation of a socialist commonwealth
E. application of the scientific method to solve social problems

71.

The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917


A. took Russia out of the war.
B. weakened the German military position
C. gave the British and French a military advantage
D. reinforced Woodrow Wilsons view that the war must end in unconditional surrender
E. brought the United States into the war

72.

Woodrow Wilsons Fourteen Points


A. made it clear that America intended to collect war reparations from Germany
B. suggested that if Germany would give her colonies in Pacific and Africa, peace was possible
C. suggested unconditional surrender was the only possible resolution to the war
D. provided an indictment of Germany for War Guilt
E. amounted to a plea for peace without victory by either side

73.

Wilsons agenda at the Versailles peace conference


A. never had any impact on the Germans
B. allowed the Russians to re-enter the peace negotiations
C. was cynically received by European diplomats
D. was accepted in good faith only by the British and the Italians
E. survived intact in the peace treaty

74.

Irreconcilable were
A. Democrats who supported the Treaty of Versailles
B. Senators who opposed the treaty regardless of modifications
C. supporters of the President who refused to compromise on anything
D. Republicans who supported Henry Cabot Lodges reservations about the treaty
E. US diplomats in Latin America who felt Wilson was surrendering to Clemenceau

75.

We desire no conquest, no dominion. We seek no indemnities for our ourselves, no material consumption for the
sacrifices we shall freely make. We are but one of the champions of the rights of mankinD. These words are
typical of the rhetoric of
A. Henry Cabot Lodge
D. Frankline D. Roosevelt
B. Gen. John J. Perishing
E. Woodrow Wilson
C. Warren G. Harding

76.

Henry Fords success in marketing the Model T automobile was traceable to his efforts to
A. appeal to affluent consumers
B. keep prices low
C. sell snob appeal
D. personalize production of every automobile
E. unionize the automobile workers of America

77.

Buying stocks on the margin meant essentially that stocks were being purchased
A. with borrowed money
B. fraudulently under an assumed name
C. in very small amounts
D. to guaranteed high returns
E. at a deep discount to their actual value

78.

By the end of the decade in the 1920s all of the following were a direct result of making the automobile available to
the American public
A. traffic lights appeared in cities
B. shopping centers developed
C. supermarkets came into being

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Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


D.
E.

skyscrapers were built


railroads disappeared as transportation

79.

The fictional character from classic American literature written in the 1920s who personified materialist
businessman was
A. Jake Barnes
B. Arthur Dimsdale
C. Brett Ashley
D. Nick Garraway
E. George F. Babbitt

80.

The Lost Generation of the 1920s referred to all of the following EXCEPT:
A. Gertrude Stein
B. Bruce Barton
C. Ernest Hemingway
D. Scott Fitzgerald
E. T.S. Eliot

81. Which of the following writers


A. T.S. Eliot
B. F. Scott Fitzgearld
C. Ernest Hemingway
D. John Steinbeck
E. Sinclair Lewis

is mis-matched with work?


Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
The Great Gatsby
Farewell To Arms
Death of A Salesman
Arrowsmith

82.

The literary revolution that took place in New Yorks black community was
A. the rise of communism
B. the rise of fascism
C. the collapse of racism in America
D. the impressionistic movement
E. the Harlem Renaissance

83.

The most popular stereotype of the rebellious and daring flaming youth among whites was the
A. jazz musician
B. yuppies
C. flapper
D. college frat rat
E. athletic jock

84.

The National Origins Act of 1924


A. liberalized the immigration laws excluding Asians, Chinese in particular
B. discriminated against Eastern and Southern Europeans
C. strictly limited immigration to a quota system from the Western Hemisphere
D. abandoned the quota system of immigration restriction
E. applied only to the Japanese and no one else.

85.

The 1920s were characterized by the following EXCEPT:


A. wild stock-market speculation
B. high prices for farm products
C. social, sexual, and literary liberalism
D. scandals in Washington
E. musical, sports, and literary explosion of major developments

86.

American tariff legislation of the early 1920s resulted in


A. lowering American tariffs
B. lowering European tariffs
C. abolishing American tariffs
D. prolonging the European tariff crisis
E. reducing duties on many key manufactured products

87.

The farm depression of the 1920s was caused by

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63

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A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

mechanization and overproduction


cheaper for imports
the selling of farms for the tax bills
efficient methods of production
maldistribution of wealth among corporate America

88.

Middle class America featured all of the following EXCEPT:


A. the presence of Babbittry
B. the prohibition movement
C. the teachings of John Dewey
D. the strong adherence to fundamentalism
E. the development of sports

89.

The Administration of President Calvin Coolidge was


A. liberal and activist
B. clearly pro-business and pro-wealth
C. promoted soaking the rich taxing policy
D. socially and economically progressive
E. beset by scandals within the Democratic party

90.

On
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

91.

The automobile contributed to all of the following EXCEPT:


A. rise in the standard of living
B. increase geo-political mobility of people
C. increase the crime wave
D. increase in urbanization
E. development of schools and churches

92.

Which of the following tariff laws lacked significant public support?


A. Fordney-McCumber Tariff
B. Hawley-Smoot Tariff
C. Underwood Tariff
D. Payne-Aldrich Tariff
E. Tariff of Abominations

93.

The business ethic of the 1920s was one of


A. speculation and get rich quick
B. cautious investment in heavy industry
C. avoiding the overheated stock market
D. seeking new markets
E. regulation and restraint upon business

94.

Jazz caused tremors in white, middle-class America because


A. it originated the folk music of southern Europe
B. it was the favorite form of music of European immigrants
C. its lyrics were unabashedly revolutionary in sentiment
D. it was dominated by Black American musicians
E. it seemed to have illicit sexual overtones

95.

John Scopes was put on trial over the volatile issue of


A. prohibition
B. evolution
C. Nazism
D. fascism
E. free love

96.

The Sacco-Vanzetti trial was affected by all of the following EXCEPT:


A. xenophobia
B. radicalism

the whole, the motion picture industry tended to


promoted public morality
provide children with wholesome education
falsify the American image abroad
diversify American tastes in the fine arts and culture
be controlled by fundamentalist business interests

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Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


C.
D.
E.

anarchism
moderation and indifference
nativism and ethnic prejudice

97.

Andrew Mellon, Secretary of Treasury under Harding & Coolidge


A. balanced the federal budget twice during his term office
B. made his first concern the protective tariff
C. was the leader in Anti-Communist activity
D. revamped the Federal Reserve System
E. campaigned for progressive tax reforms

98.

Which of the following was not a legitimate American Hero of the 1920s?
A. Charles Lindbergh
B. Babe Ruth
C. Warren G. Harding
D. Rudolph Valentino
E. George Gerschwin

99.

The Great Depression, for all its economic disaster, was a source of profit to some. All of the following did well in
those years EXCEPT:
A. the makers of cigarettes
B. the mason jar industry
C. the makers of contraceptives
D. small farmers
E. movie moguls

100.

Hoover tried to stimulate the economy by


A. encouraging private initiative
B. lowering tariffs
C. placing restrictions on consumption
D. coercing Europeans to repay American war debts
E. decrease spending on public works

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OBJECTIVE TEST ANSWER KEY
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

E
D
D
B
A
C
B
E
D
B
E
B
C
A
E
B
D
A
E
D
B
D
A
C
E

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

D
B
E
C
A
B
D
A
B
E
B
D
D
C
E
B
C
E
D
A
B
B
B
A
E

51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75

D
B
E
D
B
C
E
A
E
A
C
B
C
B
D
E
A
D
D
D
A
E
C
B
E

76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

B
A
D
E
B
D
E
C
B
B
D
A
A
B
C
E
B
A
E
B
D
A
C
D
A

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Militarism In America
1933-1953
DIRECTIONS: Read each question carefully, fully and analytically. Then choose ONE response to mark as your
answer.
1. In his first inaugural address, President Franklin Roosevelt said
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

that it was time to reconsider the viability of democratic capitalism


that experiments in Germany, Italy, and the Soviet Union were worthy of study
that the American system was essentially sound
that amendments to the Constitution were required to overcome the depression
that America needed to undertake a systematic adjustment to socialism

2. Franklin D. Roosevelt was:


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Americas most ideological President.


very athletic and boisterous
remote and aloof
committed to the political blue print when he took office
pragmatic and flexible as a political leader

3.

Roosevelts theory of governing stressed:


A. blind obedience of the people to the direction of his policy makers
B. a reliance on the states as legislative agents of policy change
C. the White Houses responsibility for initiating policy
D. Congresss role in devising legislative programs
E. the role of popular referendums and amendments to the Constitution

4.

During his first hundred days, President Roosevelt tried to uplift the people by all of the following EXCEPT:
A. nationalizing American steel, oil, and automobile companies
B. engaging in radio conversations with the American people called Fireside Chats
C. reassuring the farmers that they would be aided and protected
D. reassured the American people that the banks were safe
E. legalizing beer

5.

The first relief measures taken by the administration dealt with all of the following agencies EXCEPT:
A. CCC
B. NYA
C. FERA
D. WPA
E. TVA

6.

Codes of fair practice were part of which of the following New Deal Agencies
A. FDIC
B. HOLC
C. NRA
D. PWA
E. FHA

7.

The Blue Eagle was the symbol of compliance for the


A. NRA
B. FERA
C. WPA
D. NYA
E. AAA

8.

The goal of the Agricultural Adjustment Act was to raise farm income by
A. cutbacks in consumption

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B.
C.
D.
E.

intensive farming regulations


marketing quotas
cutbacks in productions
state and federal subsidies paid to farmers

9.

Among the objectives of the Tennessee Valley Authority were all of the following EXCEPT
A. production of cheap electricity
B. flood control
C. the development of transportation
D. irrigation aid to the Southeast US
E. soil conservation and forestry

10.

Which of the following was NOT part of the 2 nd New Deal


A. Banking Act of 1935
B. National Industrial Recovery Act
C. National Labor Relations Board
D. Social Security Act
E. Lend Lease Act

11.

The NLRB was established as the result of


A. United States vs Butler court case
B. Schecter Poultry vs U.S.
C. the Wagner Act
D. the Banking Act
E. the Wagner Act

12.

The Trilogy U.S.A. was a masterful tome


A. Charles Coughlans long-winded critique of FDR
B. a large-scale statistical survey of Americans in the workforce
C. John Dos Passos vision of an America divided into two nations
D. John Steinbecks epic novel of migrant workers in the Dust Bowl
E. about how the Republicans recaptured the Congress in 1938

13.

Richard Wright was


A. the foremost Black historian of the early twentieth century
B. author of In Dubious Battle, about the fruit pickers in California
C. author of Native Son, a story of racial prejudice
D. a prolific photographer of Blacks in the American work place
E. an up-and-coming Black musician who developed the Jazz style of music

14.

The origins of World War II really began with ALL of the following EXCEPT:
A. diplomatic failures of the peacemaking process from WW I
B. diplomatic bungling during the decade of the 1920s
C. The rise of world fascism
D. the development of a decade long era of depression and xenophobia
E. the failure of American Presidents to deal effectively with foreign policy

15.

From the stand point of women in history, the appointment of____was a major step forward for modern women in the postwar era
A. Jane Addams
B. Elizabeth Dole
C. Frances Perkins
D. Oveta Culp Hobby
E. Ivy Baker Priest

16.

Which of the following most correctly describes what happened to the birthrate during the depression and war years?
A. shot upward dramatically
E. declined rather significantly
B. rose moderately
C. stayed the same
D. followed the yo-yo effect up & down
The Kellogg-Briand Pact was significant because it
A. outlawed war among the signatory nations as an instrument of national policy
B. reduced the Allied war debt
C. limited the size of Americas standing army
D. was defeated in the U.S. Senate similarly to the Versailles Peace Treaty

17.

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E.

was a major defeat for democracy in the modern world

18.

The Good Neighbor Policy of Hoover and Roosevelt


A. Had little effect upon Mexico
B. proclaimed equality and cooperation with Latin America and the U.S.
C. announced the right of the U.S. to intervene to keep and maintain order in Latin America
D. led to civil war in China
E. had an especially harmful effect upon Canada

19.

The Stimson Doctrine was a response to


A. Mussolinis rise to power in Italy
B. the mobilization of Germanys military force
C. Japanese aggression in China
D. the rise of Peron in Argentina
E. the fall of Spain to fascism

20.

The National Socialist Party war led by


A. Juan Peron
B. General Francisco Franco
C. Il Duce
D. Gen. Heidiko Tojo
E. Adolph Hitler

21.

In the 1938 agreement signed in March in Berchesgartens Eagles Nest


A. Mussolini agreed not invade Albania
B. Britain & France agreed to let Hitler have the Sudentenland
C. Austria was to be allowed neutrality from war
D. Japan joined the Anti-Comintern Pact
E. Russia agreed to let Germany expand with not consequence to the Russians

22.

The neutrality acts of 1935 and l939 had contradictory provisions. Which of the following is CORRECT?
A. 1935 directed against Japan
1939 renewed American isolationism from Japan
B. stopped sale of munitions
allowed US to sell arms on a cash and carry basis
C. allowed the Navy to search & seize
renewed American isolationism
D. was passed over FDRs veto
FDR signed it approving the law
E. was declared null & void
Supreme Court upheld it unanimously

23.

A clear overt action on the part of the US and Britain that troubled the Fascist nations of Europe was
A. Kellogg-Briand Pact
B. Panay incident
C. Actions of the Nye Committee
D. Lend-Lease Act
E. Perons conquest of power in Argentina

24.

Social affects of World War II included all EXCEPT:


A. women participating in the Armed Services
B. integration of Blacks in military
C. Native Americans became our Code Talkers
D. Relocation of Japanese Americans
E. Failure of the bracer program

25

Americas decisive action to enter the war came after


A. Monte Casino in Italy
B. El Alamein in North Africa
C. Pearl Harbor in Hawaii
D. Battle of Midway
E. Signing the Atlantic Charter
26. The area of the US that grew the fastest in urban growth and changed the most was:
A. the Far West
B. the upper Midwest
C. New England
D. deep South
E. Texas & Southwest

27.

Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill devised a unified plan to strike at the fascists

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A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

across the English Channel


on the Eastern Front
in Southeast Asia
in Scandinavia
in North Africa

28.

Following General Pattons victory in Messina, the war was carried


A. up the peninsula of Italy
B. direct invasion of Rome
C. stalled in Naples
D. Italy joined the Allies
E. to a naval invasion of Venice

29.

The summit conference of the Big Three (Stalin, Churchill, & Roosevelt) was held_____to plan the invasion of France
A. Teheran
B. Paris
C. Geneva
D. Casablanca
E. Potsdam

30.

The Battle of Leyte Gulf


A. was the largest naval engagement in history
B. caught Hitler off guard
C. was a major victory for the Japanese
D. began with German submarines the Mongoose, an American aircraft carrier
E. was a disastrous naval defeat by the Japanese over Britain

31.

Operation Overlord was the


A. top-secret work of American cryptanalysts (code breakers)
B. D-Day Invasion at Normandy
C. Allied invasion at Italy
D. Allied invasion of North Africa
E. firebombing of Japanese Islands

32.

The Yalta Conference


A. was the only time that Allied leaders met with their Axis counterparts before the surrender
B. discussed wartime economic cooperation
C. discussed the status of Poland after the war
D. discussed the long-awaited cross-channel invasion against Germany
E. gave Russia control of eastern Germany

33.

V-E Day
A. celebrated
B. celebrated
C. celebrated
D. celebrated
E. celebrated

34.

The development of the atomic bomb that was dropped on Japan at Nagasaki and Hiroshima
A. was opposed by most Americans
B. was the responsibility of the Manhattan Project
C. was the main topic at the Geneva disarmament conference in 1944
D. began in the spring of 1945
E. began with the German discovery of atomic energy in 1942
The total cost of World War II in terms of human live
A. about 36-38 million military and civilians.
B. was less than the one-half the number of lives lost in WW I
C. was greater for the United States because of the proportion to its population
D. has never been adequately or correctly accounted for
E. was more than three times heavier on the Japanese side than the German Theatre

35.

36.

the defeat of Italy


the defeat of Japan
the downfall of Russia
the Allied victory of Iwo Jima
the Allied victory over Germany

Which of the following five navy admirals was in charge at Pearl Harbor?
A. Halsey
B. Nimitz
C. Kimmel

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D.
E.

Radford
Stark

37.

The political constituency that was least successful in mobilizing itself during the New Deal was:
A. labor
B. women
C. Blacks
D. Hispanics
E. Jews

38.

The least dependable constituency in the political coalition built by the Democrats in the 1930s was:
A. southern whites
B. ethnic whites
C. northern blacks
D. organized labor
E. Native Americans

39.

During the New Deal welfare benefits:


A. reached all needy Americans
B. varied widely from state to state
C. equaled those provided by West European nations
D. were more comprehensive than those provided by the Great Society of the 1960s
E. inconsistent from urban states matched against the rural states

40.

The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) won the support of all of the following EXCEPT:
A. conservationists
B. labor leaders in the midwest
C. progressives
D. rural southerners
E. private utility companies

41.

Cultural manifestations of the New Deal were revealed by all of the following EXCEPT:
A. The Federal Theatre Project
B. The Federal Art Project
C. The Federal Music Project
D. The Federal Writers Project
E. The Federal Opera Workshop

42.

Which of the following BEST describes American attitudes toward the European war in 1939?
A. Most Americans favored the Allies but did not want the US to enter the war
B. Polls indicated that Americans supported the Allies by a small margin
C. Nearly half of the Americans polled declared no preference for the Allies or the Axis
D. Nearly two-thirds believed the US should enter the war and help England and France
E. General apathy prevailed among the American people

43.

In comparison with the federal budget of 1939 to that of 1945 American defense spending increased more than:
A. fourfold
B. sixfold
C. tenfold
D. twofold
E. twentyfold
World War II draft boards rejected any potential inductee who:
A. weighed less than a 120 lbs.
B. had a venereal disease
C. had fewer than half of their natural teeth
D. was less than 5 4 tall
E. was a conscientious objector

44.

45.

Women who worked in defense factories faces which of the following problems?
A. child care problems they couldnt resolve
B. travel restrictions
C. faced wage discrimination
D. were absent from work more than men
E. were more prone to subversion and espionage

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46.

Organized labor under the National War Labor Board


A. maintained its strength of union membership during the life of the contract
B. provided for the open shop
C. provided for the closed shop
D. provided for the union shop
E. became the referee between unions and management

47.

On
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

48.

The Atlantic Charter of August 1941


A. called for the Allies to divest themselves overseas colonies
B. exempted the Soviet Union from national self-determination
C. was silent on the principle of collective security
D. called for free trade and condemned retention of foreign territory seized during war
E. was a colossal failure of the US and Germany to try to avoid the war.

49.

The United States owed its major naval victories in the Pacific primarily to:
A. its submarines
B. planes launched from it aircraft carriers
C. its destroyers
D. battle ships left over from World War I
E. guided missiles

50.

The Grand Alliance that won World War II disintegrated after the war for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
A. the refusal of the Soviets to join the United Nations organization
B. differences over Eastern Europe
C. misunderstanding about the Yalta agreement
D. a clash over the future of Germany
E. a clash in political ideology

51.

The postwar economic goals of the United States included:


A. negotiation of trade agreements with Greece and Turkey
B. negotiation of trade agreement with oil-rich Iran
C. concentration on development of Third World countries
D. development of a common market in Europe
E. a radical restructure of the United Nations by Africa, Latin America, and Eastern European countries

the home front in World War II , historian Gary Hess maintains that
most Americans sacrificed material comfort for the war effort
the birth rate declined, a most young men were away in the armed forces
many of the war bond drives filed to meet their goals
per capita income more than doubled and unemployment \virtually disappeared
there was a major move of population to the areas of the midwest.

52. An important difference between the attitudes of Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman regarding the Soviet Union was that

53.

Roosevelt was keenly aware of


A. the Russian postwar military threat.
E. Chinas post-war aggressiveness
B. the potential of Russian nuclear potential
C. the necessity to keep Russians in the war
D. the importance of Russian economic influences in postwar Europe
Trumans attitude toward the Soviets can most accurately be described as
A. evasive
B. passive
C. cordial, though distant
D. indifferent
E. aggressive

54.

he firstant lastinternational summit attended by Harry Truman was


A. Tehran
B. Yalta
C. Dumbarton Oaks
D. Postdam
E. Cairo

55.

George F. Kennans Containment Policy was based on all the following assumptions EXCEPT:
A. Soviet totalitarianism was internally weak
B. Soviet leaders were more concern about staying in office than strict enforcement of Marxism

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C.
D.
E.

the U.S. should ignore Soviet expansionism and let it run its course unopposed
Soviet policy makers needed a hostile U.S. to justify themselves
Kennan was a shrewd, sharp, and skilled observer of Russian maneuvers

56.

The best example of military containment as practiced by the United States was
A. the Marshall plan
B. Pan American Union
C. Organization of American States
D. NATO
E. SEATO

57.

In Korea, Gen. Douglas MacArthurs brilliant success came


A. through brilliant frontal assault that broke through North Korean lines near Seoul
B. at Inchon after a daring amphibious landing behind North Korean lines
C. as ordered the invasion of North Korea
D. when he suggested bombing targets in China, especially the Yalu River dams
E. when he invaded Hong Kong in southern China to take the Chines out of the conflict

58.

The postwar goal of the United States in Germany was:


A. a divided Germany
B. a deindustrialized Germany
C. an isolated Germany
D. immediate reunification
E. a reindustrialized Germany

59.

In 1945, Korea:
A. was within the United States defensive perimeter
B. was divided at the 38th parallel
C. was corrupt, reactionary, and inefficient
D. was within the economic sphere of Japan
E. came under Chinese dominion

60.

Harry Truman won an upset victory in 1948 for ALL of the following reasons EXCEPT:
A. he appealed to the people effectively
B. he received support from labor and ethnic groups
C. he won a majority of Black votes
D. he won the support of Eastern intellectuals
E. he retained the allegiance of the Solid South

61.

All of the following were Blacklisted EXCEPT:


A. Pete Seeger
B. Whittaker Chambers
C. Zero Mostel
D. Arthur Miller
E. Robert Oppenheimer
The most famous member of the House Committee on Un-American Activities was:
A. Robert A. Taft
B. Karl Mundt
C. John J. Sparkman
D. Joseph McCarthy
E. Richard Nixon

62.

63.

President Eisenhowers presidential style has been characterized as:


A. deft
B. confrontational
C. activist
D. charismatic
E. evasive and unsure

64.

The Eisenhower Doctrine applied to


A. Latin America
B. the Middle East
C. Northern Europe
D. Southeast Asia
E. Eastern Europe

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65.

Eisenhowers Farewell Address,


A. he cautioned against entangling alliances
B. he warned Americans about the military-industrial complex
C. he urged Americans to stop the spread of communism in Latin America
D. he advocated bipartisanship in foreign policy
E. he became deeply involved in economic planning of the future,

66.

The first modern computers were developed during the decade of


A. the 1920s
B. the 1930s
C. the 1940s
D. the 1950s
E. the 1960s

67.

The major issue involved in the Brown vs Board of Education court decision was:
A. legalization of abortion
B. the guarantee of equal rights of minors with those of adults
C. segregation
D. integration
E. reverse-discrimination

68.

The growth and development of suburbia in America came in all of the following EXCEPT:
A. Michigan
B. Florida
C. Texas
D. California
E. Illinois

69.

By the 1970s all of the following characterized farming in America EXCEPT:


A. mechanization
B. proliferation of the family farm
C. increased production
D. improved chemical fertilizers
E. corporate take-over of the food industry

President Eisenhower did all of the following EXCEPT:


A. nominate Earl Warren to the Supreme Court
B. ended one war and avoided all others
C. led a moral crusade for civil rights
D. helped preserve the two-party system.
E. provided middle-of-the-road leadership
71. The election of 1960 featured ALL of the following EXCEPT:
A. television debates
B. defeat by incumbent sitting president
C. was a political squeaker thus taking much punch power away from Kennedy
D. media that was openly partisan to Kennedy
E. strongly supported by American intelligensia
70.

72.

Which of the following was NOT a major crisis during the Kennedy Presidency
A. Bay of Pigs invasion
B. Cuban Missile Crisis
C. The Berlin Confrontation
D. Failure to not legislate civil rights laws as promised
E. Escalation of Vietnam struggle

73.

The new politics stressed All of the following EXCEPT:


A. issues
B. charisma
C. style
D. personality
E. educational elitism

74.

In the 1960 the Supreme Court expanded the rights of criminal defendants in all but which of the following cases:
A. Gideon vs Wainwright

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B.
C.
D.
E.

Baker vs Carr
Escobedo vs Illinois
Miranda vs Arizona
In Re Gault

75.

As
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Kennedys successor, Lyndon Johnson brought to the White House:


the same sort of charisma as Kennedy
a wealth of insider political experience
the limitation of a narrow electoral victory in 1964
a limited interest n the New Deal legacy
complex personality that required major beltway adjustment

76.

The Kennedy Assassination in Dallas has been characterized by All EXCEPT:


A. a debate over who was responsible for the assassination
B. evidence of a powerful identification with the youthful president
C. a period of self-examination
D. an avoidance of mythologizing
E. many complicated unanswered question

77.

The American presence in South Vietnam did all of the following EXCEPT:
A. help to reform the government of South Vietnam
B. sparked skyrocketing inflation in South Vietnam
C. devastated South Vietnams environment
D. destroy many villages and the annihilation of tens of thousands of peasants
E. precipitated the social problem of the rejected Amer-Asian racial ethnic conflict

78.

In fighting the war, American soldiers:


A. faced constant pitched battle.
B. measured success by territory gained
C. found it easy to distinguish friendly from unfriendly Vietnamese
D. judged their success in body counts and kill ratios
E. were carefully deprogrammed to avoid wartime xenophobia

79.

The Tet Offensive was ALL of the following EXCEPT:


A. a military victory for the Vietcong
B. a psychological victory for the Vietcong
C. a major factor in the shift of American public opinion about the war
D. a major factor in a shift in the conduct of the war
E. increased the frequency of American bombing missions
The Tonkin Gulf resolution
A. demanded American troops withdraw from Vietnam
B. was defeated in the Senate
C. gave sweeping authorization to the President
D. was vetoed
E. was an internal conflict in North Vietnam

80.

81.

Kennedys New Frontier consisted of all of the following EXCEPT:


A. to expand military spending
B. modest increases in Social Security.
C. bold civil rights moves
D. minimum wage hikes
E. foreign policy crises of major importance to the world

82.

John Kennedys willingness to use presidential power was most evident in


A. civil rights
B. social welfare legislation
C. dealing with Congress
D. foreign policy
E. controlling labor conflicts

83.

The most prominent civil rights organizations for women in the 1960s and 1970s
A. SCLC
B. NAACP
C. SNCC
D. NOW

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E.

CORE

84.

What was the term used by Kissinger and Nixon to describe the new relationship with China
A. confrontation
B. brinkmanship
C. containment
D. disengagement
E. dtente

85.

The new environmentalilsm differed from the conservation championship by Theodore Roosevelt in that
A. its supporters used mass marketing techniques like Earth Day
B. it blended conservation of responsible use with preservationist restraint of ecology
C. it opposed federal government management and oversight
D. it was a movement of the poor and powerless
E. it was an aggressive quasi-violent response to the status-quo

86.

Modern Republicanism in practice meant


A. social liberalism
B. selective cutbacks in New Deal programs like farm price supports
C. to follow the domino theory
D. fiscal conservatism
E. to be in favor of aggressive civil-rights legislation.

87.

The suburban lifestyle flourished in 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s but had a dark side having to do with
A. pressures toward organizational conformity
B. impoverishment of the inner city
C. disruption of the nuclear family
D. anxieties about juvenile delinquency.
E. de-escalation of educational progress

88.

Alfred Kinseys famous mid-century research dealt with


A. conformity
B. juvenile delquiency
C. business prosperity
D. human sexuality
E. domestic life of women

89.

Religion in American life from 1950 to mid l960s


A. was increasingly seen as unimportant
B. was usually a unifying factor in conformist communities of suburbia
C. was one way Americans maintained a sense of identity and community
D. was marked by declining faith in official churches
E. was an equal partner in American social life.

90.

Jimmy Carters greatest asset in 1976 campaign and election was:


A. his isolation from federal government
B. his political experience
C. his name recognition
D. his credibility
E. his expertise in foreign affairs

91.

During his presidency, Jimmy Carters advisers were:


A. friends from Georgia
B. leading scholars from academia
C. veteran leaders of the Democratic party
D. national business leaders
E. ex-Vietnam War veterans

92.

The greatest legacy of the Reagan Presidency was:


A. a greatly reduced federal bureaucracy
B. reductions in entitlement programs
C. the elimination of the trade deficit
D. the creation of huge federal debt
E. deregulate the nations commercial air industry

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93.

Ronald Reagan brought to the presidency which of the following?


A. A ban on abortion
B. The death penalty
C. School prayer
D. Court-ordered busing
E. The power of communications skills

94.

At the center of Reagonomics was a commitment to


A. cut taxes
B. increase domestic spending
C. raise taxes
D. solve domestic problems by government action
E. ban abortion

95.

As America has become a pluralistic society, which of the following is NOT TRUE?
A. Hispanics are becoming increasing powerful
B. Native Americans are gaining social, political, and economic equity in 1980s
C. There is an increasing cultural diversity in America
D. Minorities now account for approximately one-fourth of the population
E. Asian Americans are the most successful new immigrants

96.

In Planned Parenthood vs Casey, the Supreme Court:


A. struck down informed-consent requirements for abortion
B. rejected a required 24-hour waiting period prior to an abortion
C. reaffirmed the Roe vs Wade decision
D. made it easier to get an abortion
E. remanded the case back to the Pennsylvania courts for settlement

97. George Bush upon becoming President of the United States presided over all of the following major issues in issues having to
deal with foreign and defense policy EXCEPT:
A. unification of Germany
B. the Desert Storm conflict with Saddam Hussein
C. the collapse of Soviet communism under Gorbachev
D. the invasion of Panama
E. the return of Hong Kong to China
98.
The Age ofTechnocracy in which America finds herself contemporarily was affected most by?
A. Jesse Jackson
B. Lee Iaocca
C. Sandra OConnor
D. Betty Frieden
E. Bill Gates
99.

A significant trend in post 1945 literature was


A. abolition of the Nobel Prize
B. emergence of Black authors who wrote about White experiences
C. a renaissance of social romanticism
D. wide spread sale of paper-back books
E. a return to classic 19th century genre forms: novel, short story, poetry, & drama

100.

The following EXCEPT ONE are true of post-1945 American health:


A. the incidence of mental health declined
B. heart disease and cancer remain the leading killers of Americans
C. organ transplants proved feasible
D. the scourge of AIDS came upon the nation
E. the cost of medical services have tripled the cost of living rates of the people, raising moral and serious economic
questions about the nations health industry.

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OBJECTIVE TEST ANSWER KEY
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

C
E
C
A
E
C
A
E
C
B
E
C
C
E
C
E
A
B
C
E
B
B
D
E
C

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

A
A
A
A
A
B
E
E
B
A
C
D
A
B
E
E
A
C
B
C
A
D
D
B
A

51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75

D
C
E
D
C
D
B
E
B
E
B
E
A
B
B
C
D
A
B
C
B
D
A
B
B

76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

D
A
D
A
C
C
D
D
E
B
D
C
D
C
A
A
D
E
A
B
C
E
E
D
A

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MODERNISM
America After 1960
DIRECTIONS: Read each question carefully, fully and analytically. Then choose ONE response to mark as your
answer.
1.

The election of 1952 found most Americans leaning toward the


A.
left
B.
right
C.
socialist
D.
nationalist
E.
vital center *

2.

By 1960
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

3.

Engineers at what major university introduced and marketed the first commercial computer?
A.
Massachussetts Institute of Technolgoy
B.
University of Pennsylvannia *
C.
Harvard University
D.
Stanford University
E.
Princeton University

4.

The year, 1954, was a constitutional legal watershed time with Supreme Court deciding which major case?
A.
Dred Scott vs Sanford
B.
Schenck vs the U.S.
C.
Brown vs Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas *
D.
Roe vs Wade
E.
Gideon vs Wainwright

5.

During the 1950s, which region of the country great at the greatest rate & number adding 3 million by 1960?
A.
California *
B.
Florida
C.
Texas
D.
Arizona
E.
New York

6.

In his book, The Lonely Crowd, what author suggested that America went from inner-directed culture to an otherdirected society molded by peer-group pressure?
A.
David Reisman *
B.
C. Writght Mills
C.
Rachel Carson
D.
Daniel Boorstein
E.
Douglas MacArthur

7.

Dwight D. Eisenhower decided to run for the Republican nomination in 1952 because he feared what candidate
would win the nomination otherwise?
A.
Douglas MacArthur
B.
Thomas E. Dewey
C.
Robert A. Taft *
D.
Joseph R. McCarthy
E.
Harold Stassen

8.

Secretary of State John foster Dulles believed in a monolithic world Communist movement. Which type of foreign
policy did he espouse?

one third of all Americans lived in suburb. These houses were built by which famous builder?
William Leavitt *
William Holabird
John Wellborn Root
Richard Morris Hunt
Joseph P. Kennedy

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A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

containment
collective intervention
dollar diplomacy
brinkmanship *
detemte

9.

Eisenhowers Farewell Speech to the American people, warned against:


A.
Nazism
B.
Facism
C.
dtente
D.
military-industrial complex *
E.
emergence of the moral majority

10.

In 1954, when the Vietnamese communists surrounded the fort of Dien Bien Phu, what American politiciian
encouraged President Eisenhower to intervene with tactical neclear weapons?
A.
Senator Lyndon B. Johnson
B.
Secretary of State John Foster Dulles
C.
Senator Robert A. Taft
D.
Senator John F. Kennedy
E.
Vice President Richard M. Nixon *

11.

The National Defense Education was passed as the result of what international crisis?
A.
U-2 spy plane incident
B.
Cuban Revolution of Castro
C.
Nixon-Khrushchev Kitchen Debate
D.
Launching of sputnik *
E.
Hungarian revolt

12.

The most important aspect of the 1960 election was:


A.
influence of President Eisdenhower
B.
the introduction of television debates *
C.
the down-turn of the economy
D.
the beginning of the Vietnam War
E.
the decision of Brown vs Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas

13.

When President Kennedy took office, he tried


A.
to intervene in Civil Rights issues
B.
to go slow on the prosecution of organized crime
C.
to stimulate the eonomy with a tax cut *
D.
to stop NATO from pressuring the Russians
E.
to provide powerful legislation for the benefit of organized labor

14.

All of the following were major appointments of Kennedy to his cabinet EXCEPT:
A.
Robert F. Kennedy
B.
Dean Rusk
C.
Roberrt F. Kennedy
D.
Douglas Dillon
E.
Hubert H. Humphrey *

15.

The Alliance for Progress was intended to help which of the following?
A.
Latin America
B.
Europe
C.
Africa
D.
Southeast Asia
E.
The sub-continent of India

16.

President Kennedy used federal marshalls and thousands of US soldiers to to force the integration of
A.
Central High School
B.
University of Mississippi *
C.
University of Alabama
D.
Lunch counters in North Carolina
E.
busing in Birmingham, Alabama

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17.

Which major diplomatic crisis did not occur in the Kennedy Administration?
A.
Bay of Pigs
B.
Cuban Missile Crisis
C.
Hungarian Revolt *
D.
Berlin crisis
E.
UN crisis where Stevenson gave the famous Ill wait till hell freezes over. Speech occurred

18.

The major crisis that involved the Kennedy Administration which was promised in election campaign and never
delivered on was
A.
Educational aid
B.
Recovery of western Europe
C.
Vietnam
D.
Steel strike
E.
Civil Rights *

19.

Within months after the election of 1960, organizations began that would lead the decade of the 1960s. They
included all EXCEPT:
A.
SNCC
B.
CORE
C.
SDS
D.
JBS *
E.
None of the above

20.

Which combination of ideals did Kennedy use to call for change in his election?
A.
disease, poverty, and tyranny *
B.
education, corruption, and balanced budget
C.
military expansion, medical aid for the elderly, and foreign policy changes
D.
preservation of Berlin, Independence for Israel, and farm price supports
E.
mental health, urban renewal, and containment

21.

Which form of media did Kennedy master and use?


A.
radio
B.
newspapers
C.
news-magazines
D.
internet
E.
television *

22.

Kennedy surrounded himself with the best and the brightest, which included ALL EXCEPT:
A.
McGeorge Bundy
B.
Dean Rusk
C.
Douglas Dillon
D.
Allan Dulles *
E.
Robert McNamara

23.

Two of Kennedys closest inner-circle advisors were Republicans. Which combination of two were they?
A.
Rusk and RFK
B.
McNamara and Dillon *
C.
Scali and Schlesinger
D.
Heller and Volker
E.
Bowles and Acheson

24.

Action intellectuals of the 1950s argued with the President that he should push for ALL BUT:
A.
economic growth
B.
social programs
C.
minimum wages
D.
farm & labor subsidies *
E.
minimum standards of living

25

Acting on the consensus of the his advisers, Kennedy focused his attention first on:
A.
foreign policy issues

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B.
C.
D.
E.

stagnant economy at home *


establishing national social programs
budget problems of Ikes administration
ideological differences with the Communists

26. At Kennedys request, Congress passed all of the following measures EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

unemployment benefits
minimum wages
aid to southern farmers *
increased the defense budget
extended social security benefits

27.

Kennedy attempted to use government spending to increase jobs he also tried to keep the lid on prices. Which
industry challenged him?
A.
steel industry under Roger Blough *
B.
agricultural industry under Ezra Taft Benson
C.
labor unions under Arthur Goldberg
D.
NASA under Deke Slayton
E.
oil under George Bush, Sr.

28

Congress under Kennedy was controlled by:


A.
Western democrats as party leaders
B.
Southern democrats as chairmen of committees *
C.
Midwest liberal Republicans who kept changing sides
D.
Eastern liberals who were unsympathetic to Kennedys foreign policies
E.
former democratic party leaders who had been primary opponents of Kennedy in 1960

29

The Congressional response to Kennedy was to


A.
with-hold confirmation of key Kennedy nominees to the court
B.
drag their feet on approval of department of urban affairs
C.
be more aggressive in the arena of foreign policy
D.
enact only seven bills out of twenty-three the President had proposed *
E.
approve his ambitious and sweeping health care plan

30. The buzz word for the Kennedy Administration in the arena of foreign affairs came to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

detente
brinkmanship
flexible response *
containment
good neighbor policy

31.

The two
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

sites of escalating tension for Kennedy proved to be which two major areas?
Guatemala and Argentina
Lebanon and Indo-China
Paris and Moscow
Berlin and Cuba *
Taiwan and Philippines

32.

On August 14, 1961, in the pre-dawn of the morning, the Soviets started
A.
invasion into Iran and Turkey
B.
building a wall between East & West Berlin *
C.
the re-occupation of Poland
D.
nuclear build up in Cuba
E.
the Korean conflict anew

33.

One year later, in October 1962, an American U-2 plane spotted offensive nuclear missile sites in that would touch
off the
A.
Cuban Missile Crisis *
B.
Bay Pigs Fiasco
C.
fall of Havana

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D.
E.

Soviet nuclear attack on Mexico


Cuban invasion of South Florida

34..

Gillon asserts that the missile crises actually


A.
brought about the assassination
B.
led to Kennedy to drastically reshuffle his cabinet members
C.
provided for gradual improvement of US Soviet Relations *
D.
led into the civil rights crises
E.
produced a treaty banning abolition of atmospheric testing of atomic warheads

35.

Kennedys actions in foreign policy caused him to be____


A.
aggressive in Vietnam
B.
passive in Vietnam while aggressive at home
C.
indifferent to the problems of Southeast Asia
D.
more concerned in Europe
E.
less successful in dealing with a deteriorating situation in Vietnam *

36. Kennedy once observed that Vietnam was


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

the cornerstone of Southeast Asia *


the major hot-bed of Southeast Asia.
a buffer state
indefensible and should be abandoned
cultural center of eastern Catholicism in Asia

37.

The Vietnam struggle was a complex conflict in that it was communist vs nationalist, and
A.
oriental vs occidental
B.
Buddhist vs Catholic *
C.
Hindu vs Buddhist
D.
Asian vs Anglo-Europeans
E.
Protestants vs Buddhists

38

From 1963-1966 Lyndon Johnson created a program known as the Great Society, based upon
A.
the New Deal of FDR
B.
achievements of the Eisenhower years
C.
the doctrine and belief in shared assumptions *
D.
using the trickle down theory of economics
E.
a fantastic rise in GNP so as to make money available for government to deal with poverty

39.

As to the issue of the JFK assassination, Johnson appointed to ascertain culpability for it.
A.
Kerner Commission
B.
Vallingdam Commission
C.
Hoover Commission
D.
Warren Commission *
E.
Mitchell Commission

40.

Lyndon Johnson was a strikingly different man from JFK. Johnson won his Senate seat by
A.
8 votes *
B.
800 votes
C.
8,000 votes
D.
80,000 votes
Lyndon Johnson served as ALL of the following EXCEPT:
A.
Senator
B.
Vice President
C.
Congressman
D.
school teacher
E.
attorney *

41.

42.

The War On Poverty had it roots in the


A.
Truman Administration
B.
Eisenhower Administration
C.
Kennedy Administration *
D.
Johnson Administration
E.
Wilson Administration

43.

Parts and objectives of the War On Poverty included ALL EXCEPT:

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Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Head start program


Job Corps
VISTA
Works Progress Administration *
Community Action Program

44.

The election of 1964 was an ideological contest among the voices of


A.
conservatives in the South and West *
B.
conservatives in the Midwest
C.
liberals of the eastern seaboard & far west coast
D.
moderates with both political parties
E.
liberals and conservatives bent on policies of extremism

45.

Provisions of the Great Society included ALL EXCEPT:


A.
Medicare & Medicaid
B.
Immigration Act
C.
Elementary & Secondary Ed. Act
D.
Consumer Protection Act
E.
Pure Food & Drug Act *

46.

Which of the following court cases was NOT rendered in the decade of the 1960s
A.
Roe vs Wade *
B.
Griswold vs Connecticut
C.
Reynolds vs Sims
D.
Gideon vs Wainwright
E.
Miranda vs Arizona

47.

Judicial
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

48.

Which of the following justices was NOT a member of the liberal activist Supreme Court?
A.
Hugo Black
B.
William J. Brennan
C.
Potter Stewart *
D.
Arthur Goldberg
E.
William O. Douglas

49.

The struggle for racial equality picked up popularity in ALL of the following EXCEPT:
A.
at a lunch counter in Greensboro, NC
B.
freedom riders to Alabama & Mississippi
C.
a college student attempting to register and attend the University of Mississippi
D.
Birmingham, Alabama with fire hoses, dogs, nightsticks
E.
admission to the Grand Ol Opry of Nashville, TN *
Which of the following KEY senators broke the Civil Rights filibuster and allowed Civil Rights Act to pass?
A.
Sen. Richard B. Russell
B.
Sen. James O. Eastland
C.
Sen. Everret M. Dirksen *
D.
Sen. Harry F. Byrd
E.
Sen. Barry Goldwater

50.

activism encompassed areas that were later heavily criticized, which included ALL EXCEPT:
school prayer
contraception
apportionment
criminal rights
rights of immigrants and nationals *

51.

What was the specific issue at stake in the conflict at Selma, Alabama?
A.
criminal rights of black defendants
B.
voting rights of blacks *
C.
rights to free public education
D.
right to play football for Coach Bear Bryant
E.
the shooting of Jimmie Lee Jackson as sought to protect his mother & grandmother

52.

On August 6, 1965, President Lyndon Johnson engineered what major law through Congress?
A.
Elementary & Secondary Education Act
B.
Anti-Poverty Act
C.
Economic Opportunity Act

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84

Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


D.
E.

Voting Rights Act *


Equal Rights Amendment to US Constitution

53.

With the rise of Black power, came attendant


A.
integration of a peaceful nature
B.
rush to have Blacks seize their moment
C.
white backlash *
D.
white revolution in the cities
E.
gradual shift in political power from Whites to Blacks

54.

The years 1966-1968 were summer known as long hot summers because of ALL EXCEPT:
A.
Watts riots
B.
Detroit riots
C.
Newark riots
D.
San Francisco riots
E.
Seattle riots *

55.

A presidential commission, investigating the riots and discontent revealed that


A.
in time peace and harmony would prevail
B.
Blacks would climb the ladder of economic equity
C.
Our nation was stable and secure
D.
Our nation is moving to two societies, one Black, one Whiteseparate and unequal *
E.
militant Muslims would become the generation of fanatics

56. Powerful Black leaders emerged to give voice to groups of Black discontent. They included ALL EXCEPT:
A.
Ralph Bunche *
B.
Stokley Carmichael
C.
Malcolm X
D.
Martin Luther King
E.
James Corman
57.

The White backlash was manifested in congressional elections in 1968 when


A.
Democrats lost control of both houses of Congress by majorities bigger than they won in 1964 *
B.
Democrats saw the defeat of Black politicians from the House of Representatives
C.
Republicans were the leaders of the backlash movement
D.
Urban Republicans tried to ameliorate the manifestations of the White backlash
E.
Republicans continued to be the minority party in Congress

58.

Amid the crises of 1964-1968, President Johnson


A.
moved dramatically with the National Guard to quell the rioting of urban America
B.
decided to dramatically enlarge Americas ongoing military commitment to Vietnam *
C.
decided to go slow and be methodical, and not rock the boat of angry white Americans
D.
decided to scrap the Great Society programs and concentrate on foreign affairs
E.
ceased to be aggressive in his leadership of the Democratic Party

59. The major problem evident in the Vietnam struggle, revealed that
A.
American GIs were winning the war decisively
B.
China was entering the war to help North Vietnam
C.
a strong international coalition of nations was anxious to solve the Vietnam crisis
D.
India was beginning to become the arena of the next communist move
E.
Desertions in South Vietnamese Army were massive and of epidemic proportions *
60.

The single great turning point of the Vietnam struggle came with the
A.
Attack on Bangladesh
B.
Vietcong attack on Hong Kong
C.
Gulf of Tonkin incident *
D.
Tet Offensive
E.
Fall of Saigon

61..

As a result of the escalation of the Vietnam War, American commanders recommended


A.
withdrawing from the struggle
B.
doubling of the American forces in Vietnam *
C.
surrendering and getting out of Indochina completely
D.
secretly negotiating an end to the war
E.
handing the war effort over to the United Nations

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62.

The term Rolling Thunder referred to


A.
response to the Gulf of Tonkin incident
B.
carrying the war effort to Laos and Cambodia
C.
a full blown attack upon Hanoi
D.
a sustained bombing attack against North Vietnam *
E.
the use of limited nuclear warheads by the US military

63.

Which of the following military leaders became the commander of VietnamAmericas War?
A.
Gen. Matthew B. Ridgeway
B.
Air Marshal Curtis LeMay
C.
Gen. William Westmoreland *
D.
Admiral Curtis Anderson
E.
Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf

64.

By 1968, the American military forces, stood at what figure?


A.
100,000 men
B.
200,000 men
C.
300,000 men
D.
575,000 men *
E.
over a million men at arms

65.

Problems faced by the American military command in Vietnam included ALL EXCEPT:
A.
acts of violence against field commanders
B.
drug addiction
C.
alienationWho wants to be the last man to die in Vietnam?
D.
prostitution
E.
lack of congressional funding for the war *

66.

The youth culture during the sixties were the first generation to openly do ALL EXCEPT:
A.
speak out against the elders of society
B.
become conformists to the middle class value system *
C.
decry American materialism
D.
develop a massive counter-culture movement
E.
sanction the drug culture of Timothy OLeary

67.

Music of this generation featured ALL EXCEPT:


A.
the Beatles
B.
Bobby Dylan
C.
Ed Sullivan *
D.
Rolling Stones
E.
Mick Jagger

68.

The watershed year, 1968, saw ALL BUT:


A.
antiwar protests
B.
free speech movements
C.
President Johnson quitting
D.
reemergence of Richard Nixon
E.
victory for Robert F. Kennedy *

69.

In which
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

70

At noon on Monday, May 4, 1970, on a grassy noll, on a 790 acre campus of elms & maple trees, what great
tragedy occurred?
A.
assassination of Martin Luther
B.
assassination of Robert Kennedy
C.
Kent State massacre *
D.
Medgar Evars assassination
E.
Jonestown massacre

postwar decade did the Politics of Polarization occur?


1940-1950
1950-1960
1960-1970
1970-1980 *
1980-1990

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71.

Richard
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Nixon, in his second quest for the Presidency, referred to the voters as
moral majority
silent majority *
rulers of the kingdom
counselors of freedom
free agent democrats

72.

Nixon had confidence he could handle foreign affairs of his Presidency but he selected a personal friend as his
national security adviser and later as Secretary of State. Who was this friend?
A.
Gerald R. Ford
B.
John Dean
C.
H.R. Haldemann
D.
Henry Cabot Lodge
E.
Henry Kissinger *

73.

Four of the following items are in chronological order of occurrence EXCEPT:


A.
NOW is founded
B.
Pentagon Papers are published
C.
Roe vs Wade rendered
D.
Nixon reelected *
E.
Bakke vs University of California

74

During the election year of 1972, Congress passed a major piece of legislation
A.
EPA
B.
ERA *
C.
War Powers Act
D.
Clean Air and Water Act
E.
Panama Canal Treaty

75.

Nixon and Kissinger had an enormously good working relationship because of their penchant for
A.
diplomacy
B.
secrecy *
C.
Vietnamization
D.
dtente
E.
rolling thunder

76.

The war
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

77.

Nixon the embattled President became paranoid with his enemies in ALL BUT:
A.
Congress
B.
The media
C.
Antiwar movement
D.
intelligentsia
E.
business executives *

78.

Negotiations with the North Vietnamese began in diplomatic circles, but the effective talks were between:
A.
Margaret Thatcher and Ho Chi Minh
B.
James Baker and Gen. Giap
C.
Le Duc Tho and Henry Kissinger *
D.
Gen. Nuygen Kao Ky and Gen. Giap
E.
Boris Yeltsin and Richard Nixon

79.

The official diplomatic end to the Vietnam War were the Peace Accords agreed upon at
A.
Peace of Paris, 1953
B.
Peace of Paris, 1973 *

in Southeast Asia became Nixons War after he ordered


withdrawal of more than half the US troops from the front
invasion of Cambodia *
bombing of North Vietnam
Gen. Schwarzkopf to engage in scorched earth policy with napalm
Laos to be carpet bombed

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87

Testbank John Braithwaite. Coastline Community College


C.
D.
E.

Treaty of Versailles 1979


Treaty of Tokyo 1975
Treaty of Manila 1969

80.

Nixon and Kissinger wanted to end the costly arms race with Russia and adopted a foreign policy called:
A.
Vietnamization
B.
Domino theory
C.
Peace of Paris, 1975
D.
Dtente *
E.
SEATO

81

Nixon and Kissinger took advantage of Sino-Soviet conflict on the border to develop friendly relations with
A.
Russia
B.
China *
C.
Vietnam
D.
India
E.
Iran

82.

If one makes a valid comparison of late 20 th century world politics to late 19 th century politics Nixon and Kissinger
were believers and followers of
A.
real politik *
B.
Machiavellianism
C.
utilitarianism
D.
English idealism and rationalism
E.
egalitarianism

83.

There were limits even to the philosophy of realism according to the thought of Richard Nixon. He supplied arms to
repressive regimes including ALL BUT:
A.
Ferdinand Marcos Philippines
B.
Balthazar VorsterSouth Africa
C.
Salvador AllendeChile *
D.
Shah ofIran
E.
Augusto PinochetChile

84. On Oct. 6, 1973, what combination of Middle Eastern nations attacked Israel on Yom Kippur?
A.
Saudia Arabia and Syria
B.
Egypt and Syria *
C.
Lebanon and Turkey
D.
Iran and Iraq
E.
Iran and Pakistan
85.

As a result of the war in the Middle East, Henry Kissinger, became one of the great diplomats of the world with his:
A.
peace proposals to Israel
B.
his guarantees of high oil prices to Gulf state nations
C.
skillful balancing of oil for freedom crusade
D.
shuttle diplomacy *
E.
working with the United Nations to maintain Middle East Peace

86.

Nixon was the political recipient of which of the following world climatic events?
A.
Cuban Missile Crisis
B.
Kent State Massacre
C.
Sputnik crisis
D.
Martin Luther King Assassination
E.
Apollo 11 and man on the moon *

87.

Nixon developed a four-part approach to tap the silent majority. They included ALL EXCEPT:
A.
appealed to working class
B.
he championed the cause of law and order
C.
he was in favor of Roe vs Wade *
D.
nominated southern judges to the Supreme Court

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88

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E.

unleashed Spiro Agnew to challenge the media and the intelligentsia

88.

The election of 1972 speaks to the observation about the vital center in American politics. Which reason explains
why McGovern lost more than why Nixon won?
A.
McGovern moved too far to the left even for Democrats *
B.
McGoverns ideas to change the party were not sufficient to appeal to the center
C.
McGovern forgot the real world and lived in idealistic world of theory
D.
McGoverns position on the military was offensive to many people in the center
E.
More than one of the above are correct.

89.

The Watergate scandal was:


A.
unnecessary for Nixon to risk
B.
a colossal miscalculation of the Nixon administration *
C.
a major blow to Democrats
D.
the beginning of the downfall of the Republican Party
E.
a political party affair not having anything to do with the Nixon Administration

90.

Leader of the senatorial bi-partisan commission to investigate the Watergate scandal was:
A.
Sen. Joseph Biden-Delaware
E.
Sen. Sam Ervin-North Carolina *
B.
Sen. Orrin Hatch-Utah
C.
Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan-New York
D.
Sen. Robert Byrd-West Virginia

91.

According to Gillon, many forces contributed to the :national nightmare The following included all EXCEPT:
A.
growth of presidential power
B.
emergence of skeptical media
C.
gleeful and gloating leaders of the Democratic Party *
D.
an aggressive Congress
E.
a chilling disregard for civil liberty

92.

During the decade of the 70s, many minoritiesespecially Blacks move into the middle class. This economic
reality did not eliminate the causes of discrimination. Which of the following was least serious as an agent of
discrimination?
A.
race
E.
life-style
B.
gender
C.
ethnicity
D.
age *

93.

With vigorous enforcement of the Voting Rights Act of 1964, the major outcome was
A.
a shift in voting came due to White apathy
B.
the impressive gains of Blacks on the local level *
C.
the appearance of Blacks as US Senators
D.
the revolutionary change of party structure in Congress
E.
a shift in the voting habits of Hispanics in the Southwest

94.

The issue of equity and fairness for Blacks boiled over and the Supreme Court softened the quota issue in
A.
Alexander v. Holmes County Board of Education
B.
Swann v Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education
C.
Brown v Board of Education Topeka Kansas
D.
Tinker v Des Moines School District
E.
Bakke vs UC Board of Regents *

95.

When analyzing the busing issue, in and out of the courts, the plans were ultimately determined to be
A.
premature and unenforceable
B.
deeply flawed *
C.
consistent with prior generations of racial dealings
D.
unconstitutional and detrimental to all students
E.
were the sole cause of white flight to the suburbs

96. During the decade of the 1960-1970s the population of which minority group tripled
A.
Homosexuals
B.
Native Americans
C.
Women
D.
Hispanics *
E.
South Americans
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89

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97.

The AIM Movement was an attempt to win concessions for?


A.
Native Americans *
B.
Hispanics
C.
Caribbean Blacks seeking asylum in Florida
D.
Canadians who wanted dual citizenship with US
E.
Alliance Interests of Mexicans

98.

Betty Friedan was the one person who initiated what was to become the womens liberation movement. What was
the book she wrote to do this?
A.
The Silent Spring
B.
A Separate Peace
C.
The Great Gatsby
D.
The Feminine Mystique *
E.
Catcher In The Rye

99.

The major movement for older women was known as


A.
WACS
B.
NRA
C.
League of Womens Voters
D.
Daughters of the American Revolution
E.
NOW *

100.

Younger women preferred which of these organization with which to associate?


A.
SDS
B.
ERA
C.
SNCC *
D.
NOW
E.
CCC

101.

The woman who followed traditionalist manners and ideals were led by:
A.
Betty Friedan
D.
Jane Fonda
B.
Phyllis Schafly *
E.
Hillary Clinton
C.
Beverly Sills

102.

Cultural
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

103.

The attempt of Congress to seize control from the ever expanding Imperial Presidency
A.
failed miserably
B.
succeeded but became difficult to form coalitions to pass legislation *
C.
was a complete legislative grab for power by Congress
D.
was halted by a jealous Supreme Court
E.
forced legislative power back on the States.

104.

The administration of President Gerald R. Ford is unique in all of American History because
A.
it was the one to follow a disgraced scandal ridden President.
B.
it was a moderate, low profile, administration trying to maintain executive power by Republicans
C.
it was the first time both a President & Vice President had never been elected to office *
D.
it was an administration that cow-towed to corporate interests
E.
it was model of what future Presidents would be like.

105.

The economic power of the nation went completely amuck when interest rates soared to 15% under:
A.
Gerald Ford
B.
Jimmy Carter *
C.
Ronald Reagan
D.
Lyndon Johnson
E.
Hubert Humphrey

106.

Rachel Carsons book, The Silent Spring, triggered which of the following movements?
A.
American Indian Movement

cross currents extended into all of the following fields EXCEPT:


religion
politics *
genealogy
family life
movies

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90

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B.
C.
D.
E.

Anti-war movement
Gay rights movement
Environmental movement *
Civil Rights movement

107.

Which American President vetoed more legislation than any other President?
A.
Lyndon Johnson
B.
Richard Nixon
C.
Gerald Ford *
D.
Jimmy Carter
E.
Ronald Reagan

108.

Jimmy Carters greatest foreign policy achievement was:


A.
dtente
B.
Marshall Plan III
C.
Salt I
D.
Iran liberation agreement
E.
Camp David Accords *

109.

The political spectrum of the decade of the 1980 focused on the


A.
revival of conservatism *
B.
revival of the New Deal coalition
C.
emergence of eastern liberal intellectuals
D.
moderates in both parties who sought consensus
E.
political emergence of Black Americans

110.

The Presidential campaign of 1980 featured all except:


A.
a democratic party in open revolt with itself
B.
the emergence of charismatic conservative who was a master of the media
C.
parties that were racially polarized *
D.
an election seeking economic stability
E.
an election republicans in the post Watergate era

FREE RESPONSE ESSAY:


Analyze and discuss the social and cultural factors that impacted American politics during the Regean Administration.

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91