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Adama water supply and sewage enterprise was established under the municipality of
Adama town in 1930's and it has been providing water supply service from two deep water
wells drilled around the town. In 1943 the office was re-establish as one unit under the
Ethiopian electric light and power authority and continued giving water supply service
from nine deep wells up to 1983.
However in 1983 the water supply unit was separated from EELPA and restructured as
Nazareth town water service under the national water resource commission, water supply
and sewage authority.
Finally in 2004 Oromia town water supply service were re-established under Oromia water
resource bureau by Oromia regional state council proclamation number 78/2004 as Adama
town water supply and sewage enterprise which is monitored by board.
Recently Adama town population is getting water service from Awash River source by
constructing a modern treatment plant that can filter an average of 300l/s clear water. The
treatment plant was constructed in 2002 on Awash River, 17km away to the south of
Adama and 3km downstream of coca hydro power dam which supplies about 20,000 m3 of
water per day to the town give 24 hrs. Service by 8200m3 service reservoir and about
300km water distribution pipe lines.

Mission of Adama Water Supply and Sewage Enterprise

The mission of the enterprise is to provide potable and sustainable water supply and
sanitation services for the resident of Adama town and its surroundings.
Vision of Adama Water Supply and Sewage Enterprise
The enterprise's vision is to insure all the residents of adama town and its surrounding get
access to potable and adequate water supply. Furthermore, to improve sanitation service in
order to enhance their socio-economic development.
Product/service of organization
The organization has served in many different aspects and facilities in Oromia in order to
fulfill the communities water service requirement. In general, it has been working the
following products in Oromia.
Adama water work and service rehabilitation.
BIshoftu water service upgrading.
Within this few time, the organization also provide some service and products,
Importing productive pipe line machinery.
Enhancing water meter services control by using computer.

Adama water supply and sewage enterprise is lead by the general manager of the
enterprise. The general manager manage the overall of enterprise works and bodies. In
addition to that there is board that its members are selected from different positions of the
city and government officials who monitor the enterprise





















Training is essential to realize theoretical and scientific studies in practical exercise.
Especially for those university like school of engineering have full of doubts, unless cleared
by practical activities .Our hosting organization has training program for some specific
works, such as instrument techniques, surveying and the other activities for fresh
employees before assigning them responsibilities. Hence we were properly trained within
internship duration on currently on currently performed activities by the project.
Adama water and sewage enterprise has 172 permanent and six contract types of
When we see their education status;
C.36 LEVEL (1, 2, 3, 4)
D.85GRADES (4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12)
During our internship ,we were assigned to perform many different activities with our
host organization ,Adama water supply and sewage enterprise both at office and site .Those
major duties we were assigned to perform were as follows;
Reading respective materials.
Exercising some survey activities and software works both at the office and site.
Interpreting collected data download them to computer and process by GIs software
Sometimes work with GIS application, such as; georeferencing, creating shape file,
displaying data on quantum GIS etc.

Organizing, leading and follow up surveying team.

Printing site map and reading the map for suitable for field work.
Conducting survey in office and also at the project site.
Reporting collecting data to our team leader.
The organization gave us orientation as follows;
Respecting skilled and unskilled person everywhere and every time.
Tolerating and adopting to any uncomfortable conditions.
Making formal and horizontal communication with all society of organization, rather
than being inclined in all cases.
Being polite and patient everywhere and when.
Respecting rules of organization.
Being loyal.
Ignoring aggressiveness.
Having the best willing to learn more from them.
Asking and discussing on our questions and doubts with respective work partners.
Accepting best comments from experienced workers.
Being punctual.
Applying theoretical knowledge that we get from school.....etc.
How Did Our Supervisor Help Us to Be Successful In Our Task
Our supervisor is intelligent and Sensible. He has more than 15 years of work experience
on different types of water service. Since engineering office was led by him, he has helped
us in many things to succeed our assignment and has played a great role in
accomplishment of our duty. He helped us the following in our assignments.
Adjusting and arranging favorable time and working condition around the work site.
Giving guide lines for any difficulties.
Advising us to attend our schedule regularly i n office and the site.

Examining us at the end of every month by means of report, and oral discussion
Assigning us with respective work department in order to grasp their experience for
Commenting us in our drawbacks.
Closely, follow up all responsibilities given to us and whether we were going good
manner or not.
Allowing us to focus on geomatics engineering works performed in the project.
Supporting us during data collection on site, computer, office, writing materials and
copies freely.
The Qualities We Have Developed.
From our internship, the theoretical and scientific calculation of survey, GIS and other
Engineering courses we cover learned in school are realized through practice. Hence we
were developed our knowledge in the following practical activities.
Setup GPs
Co-operate with survey instrument such as leveling instrument and labors.
Increase our self-confidence from collecting and carefully undertaking practical
Collaboration and compatibility with different man skill and habit.
The willingness and tolerance to learn and accept constructive analysis and redirected ourselves with remarks.
How to converse practical with academic achievements gained from school courses.
Making solution for problems.
Using and keeping projects resource wisely and successfully.
Making decision by positive.

3.1 Our daily technical duties and responsibilities
As at trainer, we have many daily technical duties and responsibilities during our
internship period .Hence the major daily technical duties and responsibilities we had
performed are:3.1.1 Reading
For the memorization of school courses and to know some constant specification, we have
to refer written materials on water construction especially Survey, cartography, GIS, and
other related texts.
3.1.2 Data Gathering by GPS
The purpose of this section is to give training for collecting the data in the field. For
instance we could measure the X Y and Z coordinates of a point water meter. The point
could represent a Hydrant, a Valve or could be a corner of a valve chamber.
Uncertainty it characterizes a Hydrant or a valve we want to have a code that gives the
information in accurate to the GIS expert who is going to use X, Y to put the Hydrant or
Valve in the GIS catalog .In the case that X, Y represent a turning of a valve chamber, then
there should be made a outline that joins the X, Y of the corner point with the chamber, and
the pipeline and valve that are within the chamber.
This section defines gathering data with a GPS device, creating outlines ,collecting data that
are essential for the data model and gathering Meta data such as who as did the job and at
what age.

3.1.3 Download/transfers data from GPS to computer

Down loading data is transferring data collecting from hand GPS to the computer to
examines, show and other determination. This arranged through the data transfer cable to
connect computer and GPS.
3.1.4 Georefrence Map
Georefrencing is the process of registering geographical data set to an accepted coordinate
A Scanned toposheet is in the raster format, raster data are often recorded with respect to
the raster coordinate system. In order to display and analyze raster data, it is necessary to
transform them into a map coordinate system. This is achieved by performing a
transformation that converts the raster coordinates (row, column) into the corresponding
ground coordinates (E, N or Lat, Long).This type of coordinate transformation is known as
3.1.5 Digitization of Features
This support sheet is designed to make you familiar with the process of adding new
features to a feature class by way of manual on-screen digitizing in ARCGIS. When referring
to this document keep in mind that digitizing and editing features in a map is complicated
and extensive process.
3.2 Leveling
Leveling is the process of measuring vertical distances above or below a given reference
surface and a point on near or below the earths surface. It can also be defined as the
processes of determining elevation differences between various points of pipeline on, near
or below the surface of the earth. The need of levelling also for calculating area and volume
during cut and fill in earth work and for transmission of pipe line profile.

3.2.1 Data collection for Profile leveling

The purpose of this section is to give instruction for collecting the data in the field.
For instance we did profile leveling to determine the elevation of points at short measured
intervals along a fixed line of pipe from intake to reservoir, reservoir to reservoir, and
reservoir to our training we did profile levelling from reservoir 1(Daka Adi) to
reservoir 2(at the back of ASTU).
The instrument is set up near reservoir 1 in some convenient location not necessarily on
the line and the rod is held on benchmark (BM). A back sight is taken and the height of
instrument is obtained as in differential leveling. Readings are then taken with the rod held
on the ground at successive stations (0+020) m along the line. These rod readings, being
for points of unknown elevation, are foresights regardless of whether they are in front or
ahead of the level. They are frequently designated as intermediate foresights to distinguish
them from foresights taken on turning points or benchmarks. The intermediate foresights
subtracted from the height of the instrument give ground elevations of stations. When the
rod has been advanced to a point beyond which further readings to ground points cannot
be observed, a turning point (TP1) is selected and a foresight is taken to establish its
elevation. The level is set up in an advanced position (I2) and a back sight is taken on the
turning point (TP1) just established. Rod readings on ground points are then continued as
Terms used in profile levelling;
Station: The station is the point where the rod level is held for taking
Height of the instrument. (H.I): It is the elevation of the line of sight with
respect to the ground.
Back sight (B.S.): It is the reading taken on a staff held at point of known
Fore sight (F.S.):

It is the reading taken on the staff either held at the

last point whose elevation is required or held at the turning point just
before shifting the instrument.
Turning point (T.P.): For levelling over a long distance, the instrument
has to be set up a number of times.

Intermediate sight (I.S.): It is the reading taken on a staff held at point

whose elevations is required, but which is not a turning point or the last
Balancing of sight: To reduce the effect of instrumental and other errors.
Whenever levelling operation is carried out the staff reading taken in the field are entered
in the note book called level book. Each page of it has column which help in booking of
reading and reduction of level. After adjusting our instrument we are going to fill our field
3.2.2 Drawing transmission of pipe line profile
A profile is simply across sectional view through a particular piece of terrain. Profiles
provide relatively a quick and accurate means of determine such use full information as a
relative steepness of the slope of the terrain at the given location. It is a line, which shows
the rise and fall of the surface of the ground along a chosen line on a map and drawn to get
a clear idea of the nature of the relief along a line. From level book calculation the existing
ground elevation interval of partial (20m) and cumulative (+20m) distance from BM is
determined .The pipe invert elevation is calculated from the existing ground elevation
mines depth of pipe invert by which pipe buried. Slope of terrain is determined according
to standard of the project. Finally using existing ground elevation and pipe invert elevation
the transmission pipe line is drawn. When referring to this document keep in mind that
profile sketching is complicated and extensive process. Here we describe illustrate only
some of the most elementary, but important aspect.
3.4 Relevant Research Project Which We Identified From the Company
To know parts of Adama which have lack of water supply because of altitude or low
pressure to distribute.
To determine the position of water-meter.
T overlap master plan of both pipe line and city.
To identify comfortable position of tanker that distributes water wisely.
To convert position of the ground to map.

It is clear fact that training makes everybody perfect .Means that the theoretical and
sciences achieved from reading and schools are correct through internship by exercising
carefully with the actual work. Hence internship fits our career goals especially in using,
reading and manipulating map, converting raw data to softwares and collecting data.
Overseeing and exercising in day-to-day GIs activities.
To accustom with technology, skill aptitude and working with other to be more
Knowing surveying Techniques and products
Training us best social life with project workers.
Building us when and how to make solution and result.etc.
To think analytically, solve any problems that challenge and make mistake on the
4.2 changes made to our career as conclusion of the internship
There are changes made to our career as a result of the internships in work moral and
mental including the following;
Working in active for high qualities product.
Think universally.
Studying for knowledge rather than for examination.
Tolerance and acceptance.
Increasing self-confident and will to training more.
Being further fulfilled of Geomatics Engineering to be work in position of
Employed for the people satisfaction, rather than self-centeredness.
Existence solution maker for problems we may face.

4.3 Our feeling around the value of internship

We gain the internship program, because it was a great chance to support any ambiguity
concerning theoretical knowledge with definite work in relation of our hosting
organization .There, we would like to offer all students to enjoy with training program to be
perfect in all work part and courage in continuation of internship for the future generation.
4.4 Recommendations for improvement of internship
The academia should have to make correlation ship with different organization to assign its
students internship in which good understanding can be succeeded, which means famous
company produce well trained students and in turn shows modality of the university.
This mean host organization should be recognized and nominated by the department
advisor or other person in responsibility .The university should also have to teach some
software in addition to theory ,especially for school of Engineering students ,design
software is a mandatory as we observed from our hosting organization Geomatics work .
Moreover, it will be better if the evaluation of the final internship noise would be: By grade method, to make trainer follow the day-to-day activities responsively and
efficiently throughout their internship period. While pass or fail may turn the
students to be careless.
The judges picked for evaluation of value of final internship report should collect all
sufficient information about what and where the learner was doing earlier evolution
The money allocated for intern students is very small compared to current living standard,
which cannot fit the accommodation and food of intern student .Regular personal meeting
of advisor and supervisor to recognize the problem of the intern has to be considered .At
the last we would like recommend, it is better if university (Department advisor) discuss
with supervisor to make well planned internship and review internship paper content.

4.5 Our strength and areas of improvements

Our major strengths were: Having good adaptation to flexible situation and living.
Willing to study and receive positive criticism.
Suggesting and creating new ideas to make complexity into simply.
Work together with different works.
Warmly join in for our assignment and exercising more related works like design
Software throughout our time.
Areas of improvements: Studying and exercising more about design software.
Reading concerned records to upgrading our awareness.
As Geomatics Engineering ,give more attention to materials and software techniques
and procedures
Increase aptitude to examine problems and solution .etc.

As we have to attempt to mention all in above, having internship program for
undergraduate university students is the core of teaching and leering process, since
practice makes perfect .Especially for school of Engineering like our department
(Geomatics Engineering), practice helps the students to scale up their understanding
though exercising in different types of Engineering mechanism in filed with the application
of school courses. Hence, we were very glad regarding this internship program that us to
extremely undertake our concerning department.