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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

ALGEBRA
Question 1
An arithmetic sequence is defined in such a way that the 15th term, u 15 = 92 , and the 3rd term,
u 3 = 56 .
(a) Determine
(i) the common difference.
(ii) the first term.
(b) Calculate S 12 .

Question 2
u
A geometric sequence is such that its 4th term, u 4 = 135 and the ratio ----9- = 3 5 .
u4
(a) Find (i) the common ratio.
(ii) the first term.
(b) If S 10 = a ( b 1 ) , determine the real constants a and b.

Question 3
Consider the sequence defined by the equation u n = 1 9n, n = 1, 2, 3, , where u n
represents the nth term of the sequence.
(a)

Write down the value of u 1, u 2 and u 3 .


10

(b)

Calculate

( 1 9n ) .

n=1

Question 4
Solve for x in each of the following equations
(a)

log 2x 4 = log 16 .

(b)

log x27 = 3 .

(c)

log 432 = x .

(d)

log 3( 1 x ) log 3x = 2 .

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 5
The nth term of a sequence is given by
2
u n = --- 3 n, n = 1, 2, 3, .
3
20

If

--3- 3 n
2

= a ( 3 20 b ) , determine the values of a and b.

n=1

Question 6
Solve the following equations for x.
(a)
(b)
(c)

x 4 = 4.
x 4 = 4.
log 2( x 4 ) = 4 .

(d)
(e)

x2 4 = 4 .
log 2( x 2 ) + log 2( x + 2 ) = 2 .

Question 7
Solve the following equations for x.
(a)

(b)

2x 1 = 14 .
3x
(ii) ----------- = x .
2
( x 2)( x + 1) = 1 .
(i)

Question 8
Factorise the quadratic expression x 2 6x + 5 .

(a)

(i)

(b)

(ii) Solve the inequality for x, where x 2 6x + 5 > 0 .


For what values of x is
log 10( 6 x ) defined?
(i)
(ii)

(c)

log 10( x 4 ) defined?

Solve for x, the equation log 10( x 2 6x + 5 ) = log 10( 6 x ) + log 10( x 4 ) .

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 9
(a)

(b)

(i)

Expand ( a + 1 ) ( a 2 + 2a 1 ) .

(ii)

Solve for a the equation a 3 + 3a 2 + a 1 = 0 .

Solve for x where ( ln x ) 3 + 3 ( ln x ) 2 + ln x = 1 .

Question 10
(a)

(b)

(i)

Expand ( x + a ) ( x + 1 ) .

(ii)

Factorise x 2 + 3x + 2 .

Solve each of the following equations for x,


x 2 ( e + 1 )x + e = 0 .
(i)
(ii)

e 2x ( e + 1 )e x + e = 0 .

Question 11
The first three consecutive terms of an arithmetic sequence are k 2, 2k +1 and 4k +2.
(a)

Find the value of k.

(b)

Find (i)

u 10 .

(ii)

S 10 .

Question 12
The first three terms of a geometric sequence are given by
(a)

Find x.

(b)

Find S .

3 + 1, x and

3 1 , where x > 0.

Question 13
1
Given that --- + 1 + 2 + 2 2 + + 2 10 = a 2 b + c , find the values a, b and c.
2

Question 14
A geometric sequence is such that each term is equal to the sum of the two terms directly
following it. Find the positive common ratio.

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 15
An arithmetic sequence is such that u p = q and u q = p .
(a)

Find, in terms of p and q, u 1 .

(b)

Find S p + q .

Question 16
Solve each of the following equations for x.
(a)

x2 + x 2 = 0 .

(b)

1
( ln ( x ) ) 2 ln --- 2 = 0 .
x

(c)

2 22

+ 1 = 0.

Question 17
(a)

Expand ( 2a + 1 ) ( 3 a ) .

(b)

Solve

(i)

log 10( 2x 5 ) + log 10( x ) = log 103 .

(ii)

23

2x 1

53

x1

1 = 0.

Question 18
Find k if

(i)

log 2( 2k a ) = 3 .

(ii)

log 10k = 1 + log 105 .

(iii) 3 ln 2 2 ln 3 = ln k .

Question 19
(a)

If log ( a b ) = log a log b , find an expression for a in terms of b, stating any


restrictions on b.

(b)

If a 2 + b 2 2ab = 4 and ab = 4 , where a > 0, b > 0, find the value of 2 log 20( a + b ) .

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 20
Solve the simultaneous equations

9 x y = 27
2 x + y = 32

Question 21
If x = log an and y = log cn where a, c > 0 and n 1 , prove that
log bc log ba
xy
------------ = --------------------------------, b > 0 .
log bc log ba
x+y

Question 22
A sequence of numbers have the property that x, 12, y, where x > 0, y > 0 form a geometric
sequence while 12, x, 3y form an arithmetic sequence.
(a)

If xy = k, find k.

(b)

Find the value of x and y.

(c)

For the sequence x, 12, y, find

(i)
(ii)

the common ratio.


the sum to infinity.

Question 23
The numbers and are such that their arithmetic mean is 17 while their geometric mean
is 8. Find and .

Question 24
n

Given that the sequence with general term u i , has its sum defined by

ui

i=1
10

(a)

ui .

i=1

(b)

(c)

(i)

the first term, u 1 .

(ii)

the second term, u 2 .

(i)
(ii)

the rth term.


the 20th term.

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= n ( n + 2 ) , find

Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 24
n

(a)

Given that

------------------k(k + 1)

k=1
99

(b)

Find

k = 10

b
= a + ------------ , find a and b.
n+1

m
1
-------------------- , giving your answer in the form ---- , where m and n have no common
n
k(k + 1)

factors.

Question 25
(a)

Show that log ( a n )( x n ) = log ax , a > 0, a 1, x > 0, n 0.

(b)

Hence find log 55 .

Question 26
One solution to the equation 5 x + 1 = 3 x
and the values a and b.

is given by x = a + log 3b . Find the other solution

Question 27
(a)

5 2n 1 5 2n 3
-.
Simplify ---------------------------------5 2n + 5 2n 2

(b)

If 2 x = 5 and 2 = 5 y , find xy .

Question 28
Solve the equation log 4( 3 2 x + 1 8 ) = x .

Question 29
Prove by mathematical induction, that 8 n 3 n where n

Question 30
Find all values of x such that 2 2x 2 x + 1 < 3 .

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, is divisible by 5.

Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 31
1 2n
Find the constant term in the expansion 2x + --- .

x
Question 32
n
n
n
Three consecutive coefficients in the expansion of ( 1 + x ) n are ,
and
and
r r + 1
r + 2
are in the ratio 6 : 3 : 1.
(a)

Show that 2n 3r = 1 and 3n 4r = 5 .

(b)

Which terms are they?

Question 33
Given that ( 3 i ) is a zero of the polynomial p ( x ) = x 3 5x 2 + 4x + 10 , find the other zeros.

Question 34
Given that ( 3 + i ) 8 = a 7 ( b + ci ) , find the values of a, b and c.

Question 35
1+i 3
Express ------------------ in the form z = re i .
1i 3

Question 36
1
1
If -----------------2- + -----------------2- = a + bi , a, b , find a and b.
(1 + i)
(1 i)

Question 37
z
Given that w = ---------- , where z = a + bi , a, b , show that if w is a real number then z is a
zi
pure imaginary number.

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 38
i ( 4 3i )
If m + ni = -------------------,
( 1 i )2
(a)

find m and n.

(b)

i ( 4 3i )
express -------------------in the form z = re i .
2
(1 i)

Question 39
Given that w = 1 + 3i and z = 1 i , find
w , Arg ( w ) .
z , Arg ( z ) .
zw , Arg ( zw ) .

(a)

(i)
(ii)
(iii)

(b)

(i)

Find wz.

(ii)

5
Hence find the exact value of sin ------ .
12

Question 40
a
b
If z = ----------- and w = -------------- where a, b , find a and b given that z + w = 1.
1+i
1 + 2i

Question 41
When the polynomial p ( x ) = x 4 + ax + 2 is divided by x 2 + 1 the remainder is 2x + 3 . Find
the value of a.

Question 42
(a)

(i)

4
If z 1 = 2cis --- find z 1 .
4

(ii)

Draw z 1 on an Argand diagram.


4

(b)

How many solutions to z = 16 are there if z ?

(c)

Solve z 5 + 16z = 0 , z .

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 43
The two square roots of 5 12i take on the form x + iy , x, y . Find both values of z for
which z 2 = 5 12i , giving your answer in the form x + iy , x, y .

Question 44
Find the four fourth roots of the complex number 1 + 3i , giving your answer in the form
re i, < .

Question 45
Find a and b, where a, b
(a)

a + bi = i .

(b)

( a + bi ) 2 = i .

(c)

( a + bi ) 3 = i .

in each of the following cases

Question 46
If ( a + bi ) n = x + iy, n
Expresss k in terms of n.

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, show that x 2 + y 2 = ( a 2 + b 2 ) k where k is a function of n.

Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

FUNCTIONS AND EQUATIONS


Question 1
1
Consider the function g ( x ) = ----------------, x X .
x3
(a)

g(4) .
Find (i)
(ii) g ( 12 ) .
(iii) g ( 9 ) .

(b)

Find the largest set X for which g ( x ) is defined.

(c)

Sketch the graph of g ( x ) using its maximal domain X.

Question 2
1
Consider the functions f ( x ) = ----------- and g ( x ) = x 3 .
x1
(a)

Determine the maximal domain of

(b)

(i)
(ii)

(i)
(ii)

f ( x) .
g( x) .

Justify the existence of ( g o f ) ( x ) .


Find ( g o f ) ( x ) .

Question 3
Consider the function f ( x ) =

7 x.

f (3) .
f (7) .

(a)

Find (i)
(ii)

(b)

What is the maximal domain of f ( x ) .

(c)

Find (i)
(ii)

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1
g ( x ) = ----------- and determine the implicit domain of g ( x ) .
f ( x)
h ( x ) = f 1 ( x ) and determine the implicit domain of h ( x ) .

Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 4
1
-, x
Given the function f ( x ) = ---------------1 + e 2x
a, b , find the values of a and b.

and the fact that f ( x ) + f ( x ) = ax + b , where

Question 5

Consider the function f ( x ) = 3x 2 6x + 7 .


(a)

Express f ( x ) in the form a ( x h ) 2 + k , where a, b, c

(b)

For the graph of f ( x ) write down the


(i) coordinates of its vertex.
(ii) equation of the axis of symmetry.

(c)

(i)
(ii)

Find the coordinates of the y-intercept.


Sketch the graph of f ( x ) , clearly labelling the vertex, y-intercept and axis of
symmetry.

Question 6
(a)

Determine the maximal domain of f ( x ) = ln ( x + 1 ) .

(b)

If g ( x ) = e x ,
(i) justify the existence of ( f o g ) ( x ) .
(ii) find ( f o g ) ( x ) .
(iii) state the maximal domain of ( f o g ) ( x ) .

Question 7
The graph of the function g ( x ) = 2x 2 12x + 7 is shown below. The coordinates of B are
a + b---, 0 where a, b, c . Find the values of a, b and c.

c
y
(0,7)
A

x=3

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 8
1
Consider the function g ( x ) = x + ---, x > 0 .
x
(a)

(b)

(i)
(ii)

Find g ( 2 ) .
Find the x-value for which g ( x ) = 2 .

f ( x)
, x > 0 . Find f ( x ) .
The composite function ( g o g ) ( x ) = ---------------------x( 1 + x2 )

Question 9
(a)

Find the ( f o g ) ( x ) where g ( x ) = e x + 1, x

and f ( x ) = ( x 1 ) ln ( x 1 ), x > 1 .

(b)

Find { x : ( f o g ) ( x ) = 2x } .

(c)

What would the solution to ( f o g ) ( x ) = 2x be if g ( x ) = e x + 1, x > 0 ?

Question 10
(a)

1
Find the inverse function, f 1 , of f ( x ) = -----------, x > 2 .
x2

(b)

On the same set of axes, sketch the graphs of f ( x ) and f 1 ( x ) .

(c)

Find the coordinates of the point of intersection of f ( x ) and f 1 ( x ) .

Question 11
e kx
Consider the function f k ( x ) = ---------------,x .
2 + ex
(a)

(b)

Find (i)

{ x : f 2( x) = 1} .

(ii)

1
x : f 1 ( x ) = --2- .

1
For what values of a will x : f 1 ( x ) = --- =
a

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 12
(a)

On the same set of axes, sketch the graphs of f ( x ) = x 2 4 and g ( x ) =

(b)

What is the domain of ( f o g ) ( x ) ?

(c)

Find (i)
(ii)

x 2.

( f og)( x) .
the range of ( f o g ) ( x ) .

Question 13
The graph of f ( x ) = 1 + ln ( x 1 ), x > a is shown.
(a)

y = f ( x)

Find the values of a and b.


(b,0)

f 1 ( x ) .

(b)

Find

(c)

Sketch the graph of f 1 ( x ) .


x=a

Question 14
1
Find the maximal domain of h ( x ) = ------------------ .
ln ( ln x )

Question 15
(a)

On the same set of axes sketch the graphs of f ( x ) = 5x + 2 and g ( x ) = 3x 2 .

(b)

Find (i)
(ii)

{ x : f ( x) = g( x)} .
{ x : 3x 2 5x + 2 } .

Question 16
Consider the function f : A , where f ( x ) = log 3( 3x + 2 ) .
(a)

Find the largest set A for which f is defined.

(b)

(i)

Define fully, the inverse, f 1 .

(ii)

Sketch the graph of f 1 ( x ) .

(iii) If g ( x ) = 3 x , express f 1 ( x ) in terms of g ( x ) .

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 17
For the graph shown below, sketch, on different sets of axes, the graphs of
y
(4,4)
4
(a) y = f ( x + 1 ) .
(b)
(c)

1
--- y = f ( x ) .
2
y = f ( x) 2 .

3
y = f ( x)

2
1

Question 18
1
Let f ( x ) = --- , x 0 . The graph of g ( x ) is a translation of the graph of f ( x ) defined by the
x
3
matrix .
2
(a)

Find an expression for g ( x )


(i) in terms of f ( x ) .
(ii) in terms of x.

(b)

On the same set of axes, sketch the graphs of


f ( x) .
(i)
(ii) g ( x ) , for x > 3.

Question 19
The function g ( x ) = ax b passes through the points with coordinates ( 1, 9 ) and ( 3, 1 ) .
Find a and b.

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 20
Let f ( x ) = x 2, x
(a)

Sketch the graph of f .

1
The graph of f is transformed to the graph of g by a translation .
2
(b)

Find an expression for g ( x ) in terms of


(i)
f ( x) .
(ii) x.

(c)

(i) Find { x :g ( x ) = 0 } .
(ii) Find g ( 0 ) .
(iii) Sketch the graph of g ( x ) .

Question 21
x1
Given that f ( x ) = ------------ , find
x+1

(a)

f (1) .

(b)

f 1 ( 1 ) .

Question 22
a
The function f ( x ) undergoes a transformation defined by the matrix to produce the new
b
function g ( x ) .
(a)

Express g ( x ) in terms of f ( x ) .

(b)

If f ( x ) = x 2 2x + 4 and g ( x ) = x 2 2x + 8 , find a and b.

Question 23
Let f ( x ) = 2e x + 3, x , find (a)

f ( 1 ) .

(b)

f 1 ( 4 ) .

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 24
Let f ( x ) = x 3 and g ( x ) = x 1 . Find
(a)

( f og)(1) .

(b)

(go f )(2) .

Question 25
x 2,
if x < 0
Consider the function f ( x ) =
.
2
( x 1 ) 3k, if x 0
(a)

Find the value of k for which f ( x ) is continuous for x

(b)

Using the value of k in (a), sketch the graph of f ( x ) , clearly labelling all intercepts with
the axes.

Question 26
Find all real values of k so that the graph of the function h ( x ) = 2x 2 kx + k , x
x-axis at two distinct points.

cuts the

Question 27
(a)

Sketch the graph of f ( x ) = x 2 4x + 5 , clearly showing and labelling the coordinates


of its vertex.

(b)

Find

(i)
(ii)

(c)

4
lim -------------------------2
x x 4x + 5
4
lim -------------------------2
x x 4x + 5

4
Given that g ( x ) = ----------- ,
f ( x)
(i) state the maximal domain of g ( x ) .
(ii) sketch the graph of g ( x ) .
(iii) find the range of g ( x ) .

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 28
(a)

On the same set of axes sketch the curves of y = x and y = ln ( 1 x ) .

The graph of the function f ( x ) = x ln ( 1 x ), x < a is shown below.


y
y = f ( x)

(b)

Find the value of a.

(c)

Sketch the graph of

(d)

Sketch the graph of g ( x ) = x ln ( 2 x ) .

y = f ( x) .
y = f( x ).
1
(iii) y = ----------- .
f ( x)
(i)
(ii)

Question 29
(a)

(i)
(ii)

Sketch the graph of f ( x ) = 2x + 1 .


Solve 2x + 1 = 3 .

(iii) Hence solve for x if g ( x ) = 0 where g ( x ) = ( 2x + 1 ) 2 2x + 1 6 .


(b)

For what values of x will ( 2x + 1 ) 2 2x + 1 > 6 ?

Question 30

(a)

(b)

(i)

f ( x ), x 3
x3
. Find f ( x ) and g ( x ) .
-------------- =
2x
g ( x ), x < 3

(ii)

x3
Sketch the curve of y = -------------- .
2x

x3
Find all real values of x that satisfy the inequality -------------- < 1 .
2x

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 31
Sketch the curve y = ( x + 2 ) x + 2 .
Hence find all real values of x for which ( x + 2 ) x + 2 < 9 .

(a)

(i)
(ii)

(b)

Find { x ( x + 2 ) x 2 < 3 } .

Question 32
The polynomial p ( x ) = ax 3 x 2 + bx + 6 is divisible by ( x + 2 ) and has a remainder of 10
when divided by ( x + 1 ) .
(a)

Find the values of a and b.

(b)

Find { x p ( x ) < 6 7x } .

Question 33
x
Consider the curve with equation y = -------------.
2
x +4
(a)

Show that yx 2 x + 4y = 0 .

(b)

Hence, given that a y a for all real values of x, find a.

Question 34
x + 7, x 3
Find the value of a which makes the function defined by f ( x ) =
continuous for
a 2 x, x > 3
all real values of x.

Question 35
(a)

Sketch the graph of the polynomial p ( x ) = x 3 x 2 5x 3 .

(b)

Find all real values of x for which


x 3 x 2 5x 3 < 4 ( x 3 ) .
(i)
(ii)

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x 3 x 2 5x 3 > ( x + 1 ) ( x 3 ) .

Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 36
ax + 1, x <
--2

Given that a + b = 2 , find the values of a and b so that the function f ( x ) =


sin x + b, x
--
2
is continuous for all values of x.

Question 37
Given that h ( x ) = 9 x + 9 and g ( x ) = 10 3 x , find { x h ( x ) < g ( x ) } .

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10

Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

CIRCULAR FUNCTIONS AND TRIGONOMETRY


Question 1

3
Given that 0 --- and tan = --- , find
2
4
(a)

cos .

(b)

sin 2 .

(c)

tan --- .
2

Question 2

1
Given that 0 < --- , arrange, in increasing order, sin , -----------, sin 2 .
2
sin

Question 3
(a)

1
If 0 < < 90 and cos = --- a , find sin .
3

(b)

Express --- in degrees.


5

(c)

Evaluate cos 300 cos 30

(d)

sin ( )
3
Express in terms of tan , --------------------------- tan ------ .

cos --- +
2

Question 4
(a)

1
1
Express --------------------- --------------------- in terms of sin .
cos 1 cos + 1

(b)

1
1
Solve --------------------- --------------------- = 8, 0 < < 360
cos 1 cos + 1

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 5
(a)

1
Given that cos sin = --- , evaluate ( cos sin ) 2 .
2

(b)

Find all values of such that

(i)

sin 2 sin = 0, 0 2 .

(ii)

sin 2 sin = 2, 0 2 .

Question 6
x
The figure below shows the graph of f ( x ) = 2 sin --- .
2
y

A(a,b)

B(c,0)

O
y = f ( x)
(a)

Find a, b and c.

(b)

Solve for x, where f ( x ) =

3, 0 x c .

Question 7
Consider the graph of the function h ( x ) = acos ( bx ) + c :
y
y = h( x)

2
O

--2

Find the values a, b and c.

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 8
(a)

State the range of 2 sin .

(b)

Find (i)
(ii)

1
-.
the smallest value of -------------------3 + 4 sin
1
-.
the largest value of -------------------3 + 4 sin

Question 9
(a)

Find all values of x such that 2 cos ( x ) + sin ( 2x ) = 0, x [ 0, 2 ] .

(b)

How many solutions to 2 cos ( x ) + sin ( 2x ) = cos x are there in the interval [0, 2].

Question 10
Part of a particular tile pattern, made up by joining hexagonal shaped tiles, is shown below.

The side lengths of every hexagon is x cm.


(a)
(b)

Find in terms of x and the length of [AE].


1
If the area of the shaded region in any one of the hexagons is 9 cm 2 and sin = --- , find
8
the value of x.

Question 11
For the diagram shown alongside, the value
1
of sin ( ) = ------ , where k .
k

Find the value of k.

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 12
The following diagram shows continually decreasing quarter circles, where each successive
quarter circle has a radius half that of the previous one.

r cm
1
--- r
4
1
--- r
2

Let A 1 equal the area of the quarter circle of radius r, A 2 equal the area of the quarter circle of
1
1
radius --- r , A 3 equal the area of the quarter circle of radius --- r and so on.
2
4
(a)

Find (i)

A 1 in terms of r.

(ii)

A 2 in terms of r.

(iii) A 3 in terms of r.
(b)

525
If A 1 + A 2 + A 3 = --------- , find r.
64

(c)

If quarter circles are drawn and shaded in indefinitely, find r if

Ai

= 27 .

i=1

Question 13
A pole of length b metres resting against a wall makes an angle of 60 with the ground. The end
of the pole making contact with the ground starts to slip away from the wall until it comes to
rest, 1 m from its initial position, where it now makes an angle of 30 with the ground. Find the
value of b.

Question 14
The figure below shows a square ABCD. If XBA = 30 and CXA = , find tan .
30

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 15
3
In the diagram below, cos B = --- , AB = 6 and BC = 2, AC =
8

b , find b.

A
6

Question 16
3
The area of the triangle shown is 27 sq. units. Given that sin = --- , find x.
4
2x

4x
Question 17
A circular badge of radius 2 cm has the following design:
(a)

State the value of .

(b)

Find (i)
(ii)

(c)

Find the area of the shaded region shown.

If 0 x 90 , solve each of the following


(a)

cos x = sin 36 .

(b)

cos x = sin x .

(c)

cos 2x = sin x .

30

the length of the minor BC.


the area of the minor sector OBC.

Question 18

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 19
(a)

4 sin
If tan = a , express -------------------------------- in terms of a.
5 cos sin

(b)

4 sin
Hence find the value of if -------------------------------- = 1 , 0 < < --- .
2
5 cos sin

Question 20
B

Consider the triangle ABC:

2x cm

60

x cm

(a)

Find x.

(b)

Find the area of ABC

48 cm

Question 21
The segments [CA] and [CB] are tangents to the circle at the
points A and B respectively. If the circle has a radius of 4 cm
2
and AOB = ------ .
3
(a)

Find the length of [OC].

(b)

Find the area of the shaded region.

2
-----3

Question 22
The graph of f ( x ) = acos ( bx ) + c, 0 x is shown below. Find the values a, b and c.
y
10

y = f ( x)

2
O

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3
-----2

Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 23
(a)

Part of the graph of the function defined by y = f ( t ) is shown below.


y
3
y = f (t)

1
1
O

0.5

1
(i)
(ii)

What is the period of f ( t ) ?


Given that f ( t ) = acos ( kt ) + c , find a, k and c.

(b)

What is the least positive value of x for which cos ( 2x ) =

(c)

Let g ( x ) = mcos ( x ) + n , n, m
g ( x ) < 0 for all real values of x.

(d)

Sketch the graph of h : ],[

3 sin ( 2x ) ?

and m > 0. Write an expression for n in terms of m if

x
, where h ( x ) = tan --- + 1 , clearly determining and
2

labelling the x-intercepts.


(e)

1
x
Find the sum of the solutions to cos --- = --- 3 , x [ 0, 4 ] .
2
2

Question 24
Destructive interference generated by two out of tune violins results in the production of a sound
intensity, I ( t ) , given by the equation
4
I ( t ) = 30 + 4 cos ------t dB (decibels)
3
where t is the time in seconds after the violins begin to sound.
(a)

What is the intensity after 1 second?

(b)

What is the least intensity generated?

(c)

When does the intensity first reach 32 dB?

(d)

What time difference exists between successive measures of maximum intensity?

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 25
The rabbit population, N ( t ) , over a ten year cycle in a small region of South Australia fluctuates
according to the equation
N ( t ) = 950 cos ( 36t ) + 3000, 0 t 10
where t is measured in years.
(a)

Find the rabbit population after 2 and a half years.

(b)

What is the minimum number of rabbits in this region that is predicted by this model?

(c)

Sketch the graph of y = N ( t ) , 0 t 10 .

(d)

For how long, over a 10 year cycle, will the rabbit population number at most 3475?

Question 26
Solve the equation for x, where sin 2x =

3 cos x, 0 x .

Question 27

2 cos --- .

(a)

Expand

(b)

Solve cos 2 + sin cos = ( cos + sin ) , 0 .

Question 28
2
3
If sin A = ------- and cos B = ------- where both A and B are acute angles, find
4
4
(a)

(i)
(ii)

sin2A.
cos2B.

(c)

sin(A + B).

Question 29
(a)

(b)

(i)

If T ( x ) = 6 ( x 1 ) 2 , what is the maximum value of T ( x ) ?

(ii)

Express sin 2 x + 2 cos x + 6 in the form a + b ( cos x 1 ) 2 .

What is the maximum value of sin 2 x + 2 cos x + 6 ?

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Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 30
(a)

Let s = sin . Show that the equation 15 sin + cos 2 = 8 + sin 2 can be expressed in
the form 2s 2 15s + 7 = 0 .

(b)

Hence solve 15 sin + cos 2 = 8 + sin 2 for [ 0, 2 ] .

Question 31
Find { x 4sin 3 x + 4sin 2 x sin x 1 = 0, 0 x 2 }

Question 32
asin
If sin A = 2 sin ( A ) , find the values of a and b such that tan A = -----------------------1 + b cos

Question 33
cos 3 = 4cos 3 3 cos .
sin = cos ( 90 ) .

(a)

Show that (i)


(ii)

(b)

Noting that 2 18 = 36 and 3 18 = 54 = 90 36 , find the exact value of sin 18 .

Question 34
1 + sin
Given that u = -------------------- , prove that
cos
(a)

u2 1
sin = -------------.
u2 + 1

(b)

2u
cos = -------------u2 + 1

Question 35
3
3
Given that sin x sin y = ------- and cos x cos y = ------- , find all real x and y that satisfy these
4
4
equations simultaneously, where 0 x and 0 y .

IBID Press

Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 36
Given that asec = 1 + tan and b sec = 1 tan , show that a 2 + b 2 = k and hence state
the value of k.

Question 37
A sector OAB of radius 4 cm is shown below, where the point C is the midpoint of [OB].
A

30

(a)

Find the area of the shaded region.

(b)

Where, along [OB], should the point C be placed so that [AC] divides the area of the
sector OAB in two equal parts.

Question 38
C
In the figure shown, DC = a cm, BC = b cm,
ABC = and ADC = .
If AD = x cos + y sin , find x and y in terms
of a and b.

Question 39
Point A is x metres due south of a vertical pole OP and is such that the angle of elevation of P
from A is 60. Point B is due east of the pole OP and makes an angle of elevation to P of 30.
The points O, A and B all lie on the same horizontal plane. A metal wire is attached from A to
P and another wire is attached from B to P.
(a)

Find an expression in terms of x for

(b)

a b
The sine of the angle between the two wires is ---------- where a, b, c
c

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(i) AP.
(ii) BP.
(iii) AB.

10

. Find a, b and c.

Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 40

Consider the function f ( x ) = 2 sin x --- + 1, 0 x .

2
(a)

(i)
(ii)

Find the range of f.


Sketch the graph of f.

(b)

Find f 1 .

(c)

Sketch the graph of f 1 .

Question 41
(a)

(b)

Sketch on the same set of axes the graphs of f ( x ) = Arccos ( x ) and


g ( x ) = Arcsin ( x ) .
(ii) Hence sketch the graph of h ( x ) = f ( x ) + g ( x ) .
(iii) Deduce the value of Arccos ( x ) + Arcsin ( x ) for 1 x 1 .
(i)

4
4
Find sin Arccos --- + Arctan ---

5
5

IBID Press

11

Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

MATRICES
Question 1
Let the matrix A = 2 1 define a 2 2 matrix.
3 0
(a)

(b)

Find (i)

A2 .

(ii)

A 1 .

If B = 4 3 , find the matrix X given that 2X + B = A .


1 2

Question 2
Given that A = 2 4 and B = 1 2
3 1
3 2
(a)

find (i)
(ii)

AB.
A2 B A .

(b)

If xA yB = 5 6 where x, y , find x and y.


90

Question 3
Consider the matrices A = 2 5 , B = 1 and C = 1 0 . Find, where possible,
3
2 4
(a)

AB.

(b)

A + B.

(c)

BC.

(d)

CB.

(e)

CA.

IBID Press

Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 4

Find x given that

(i)

x2 7 = 9
4
4 6

(ii)

x 2 + 6 7 = 5x
4
x+2 3

7 .
x+3
7 .
3

Question 5

(a)

(b)

0 1 1 2 0 1
Find 1 5 4 2 1 1 .
1 2 2 3 1 1

(i)

(ii)

2x + z = 5
Set up the system of simultaneous equations 2x + y z = 4 in the form AX = B ,
3x + y z = 3
x
where X = y
z
Hence solve for x, y and z.

Question 6
If 2x + 8 4 = 3x y 4 , find x and y.
0.5x y
5
y

Question 7

(a)

Given that A = 1 3 , find A 1 .


2 4

(b)

Hence find the coordinates ( a, b ) of point A in the diagram shown below.


y
x + 3y = 3

x + 2y = 4
A ( a, b )

IBID Press

Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 8
2
2
If A = cos cos and B = sin cos , find
sin sin 2
sin cos 2

(a)

(i) A + B.
(ii) ( A + B ) 1 .
(iii) A B.

(b)

For what values of where 0 < < , does A B =

2 .
2 0

Question 9
Consider the function T ( x ) = 3x 2 + 4x + I , where I = 1 0 .
01

(a)

If A = 1 1 , find T ( A ) .
01

(b)

(i)

Find ( 3 A + I ) ( A + I ) .

(ii)

Hence find 3 A 2 4 A + I .

Question 10
Given that A = x
2

1 , for what values of x will A be singular?


x1

Question 11

(a)

(b)

Given that A = 3 2 , find


74
(i)

A .

(ii)

A 1 .

Hence solve the system of simultaneous equations

IBID Press

7x + 4y = 4
.
3x + 2y = 2

Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 12

If A =

0 3 , find scalars , and , where 0, 0, 0 , for which


1 1
A 2 + A + I = 0 0 .
00

Question 13

(a)

(b)

(i)

1 1 1
011
Let A = 1 1 1 and B = 1 0 1 , find AB .
1 1 1
110

(ii)

Hence find A 1 .

x+y+z = 3
Hence solve the system of simultaneous equations x y + z = 4 .
x+yz = 5

Question 14

Find x if A = 0 and A =

x1
1
2
2
x3
1 .
1
1
x2

Question 15
3
5
1

1
2
.
2
3
1 (a 2)

(a)

Find, in terms of a, =

(b)

3x + y + 2z = 4
Consider the system of equations
5x + 2y + 3z = 6 .
x + y + ( a 2 )z = 0
(i)
(ii)

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Solve the system of equations when a = 3.


For what values(s) of a will the system of equations have exactly one solution.

Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 16
3x + 2y z = 1
Consider the system of equations x + y + z = 2 .
kx + 2y z = 1
(a)

Find the value of k for which the system of equations has more than one solution.

(b)

Solve the system of equations for the value of k in part (a).

Question 17

(a)

If =
(i)
(ii)

(b)

(c)

1
3
0

1
13
p+3

1
p , find
1

an expression for in terms of p.


the value(s) of p for which = 0 .

x+y+z = 2
For what values of p will the system of equations 3x 13y + pz = p + 1 have a unique
( p + 3 )y z = 0
solution?
For each value of p for which a unique solution does not exist, determine whether a
solution exists and if it does, find all solutions.

Question 18
1
Consider the matrices A = a
2

a
1
2

2
5
x
1 , B = 1 and X = y , a
a+2
8
z

(a)

Show that the equation AX = B has a unique solution when a is neither 0 nor 1.

(b)

(i)
(ii)

IBID Press

If a = 0, find the particular solution for which x + y + z = 0 .


If a = 1, show that the system of equations has no solution.

Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

VECTORS
Question 1
The points A, B and C are shown in the diagram below
y
i

(b)

1
(a)

9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

3 4

5 6

8 9 10

Find in terms of the unit vectors i and j (i)

AB .

(ii)

AC .

(i)

Find AB AC .

(ii)

Hence find cos 2 .

Question 2
ABCD is a quadrilateral where P, Q and R are the midpoints of [AB], [BC] and [CD]
respectively. If AD + BC = kPR , where k is a positive integer, find k.

Question 3
2
Given that a = , b = 1 and c = 5 , find
1
3
3
(a)

a + 2b + c.

(b)

a b.

(c)

1
a --- ( c b ) .
3

(d)

c .

IBID Press

Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 4
2

Consider the vector r = 2 .

1
(a)

(b)

Find (i)
(ii)

r r.
r .

2
x


If a = 1 and b = 3 , find x and y given that r = 4a + 2b .


1
y

Question 5
If a = 2i 6 j + 3k and b = i + 2 j 2k , find
(a)

(i)

(ii)

(b)

ba .

(c)

(a b) (a + b) .

b .

Question 6
3
1

The vector a = 2 is a linear combination of the vectors x = 2


6
1

, y = 2

and

1

z = 0 . That is, a = x + y + z . Find , and .

2

Question 7
cos
sin

The vector a = sin makes an angle of 60 with the vector b = cos

0.5
0.5
of sin2.
IBID Press

. Find the value

Mathematics HL Paper One Style Questions

Question 8
x
2

If vectors a = 3 and b = x 2

1
1

are perpendicular, find x.

Question 9
Given that a = 4 , b = 3 and that a is perpendicular to b, find
(a)

(a b) (a + b) .

(b)

(a + b) (a + b) .

(c)

(a + b) (a + b) (a b) (a b) .

Question 10
(a)

The straight line, l 1 , passes through the points (2, 3, 1) and (5, 6, 3). Write down the
vector equation, r 1 , of this straight line.

(b)

1
2

A second line is defined by the vector equation r 2 = 1 + 1

3
1

, where is a real

number. If the angle between the two lines is , find the value of cos .

Question 11
1
4

The vector equation of line l 1 is given by r 1 = 3 + t 3

1
2
(a)

,t

If the point P on r 1 corresponds to when t = 1 , find


(i) the position vector of P.
(ii) how far P is from the origin O.

A second line, l 2 , is defined by the vector equation r 2 = i + 2 j 3k + s ( 2i j + 3k ) , s .


(b)

If l 2 intersects l 1 when t = 1, find the value of s.

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