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004/11/99C

004/11/99C fire & risk sciences Dust explosions The services previously supplied by LPC Laboratories and LPC
004/11/99C fire & risk sciences Dust explosions The services previously supplied by LPC Laboratories and LPC

fire & risk sciences

004/11/99C fire & risk sciences Dust explosions The services previously supplied by LPC Laboratories and LPC

Dust explosions

004/11/99C fire & risk sciences Dust explosions The services previously supplied by LPC Laboratories and LPC

The services previously supplied by LPC Laboratories and LPC Risk Sciences are now available from BRE’s Fire and Risk Sciences Division (FRS).

Our laboratories are UKAS accredited for a wide range of tests and our reports are recognised around the world.

Product certification is available through the Loss Prevention Certification Board (LPCB). For more details contact LPCB at: LPCB, BRE Certification, Garston, Watford WD529XX.

Dust explosion assessments

FRS has over forty years of experience in assessing the explosion risk of powders. Our services include:

Hazard classification

Provides a qualitative assessment of the explosibility of the dust.

• Group A : Dusts which ignite and propagate flame. (explosible).

• Group B : Dusts which do not ignite. (non-explosible).

Explosion prevention

The following tests provide quantitative data for the design of preventative measures:

• Burning number (BZ or Classification)

• Flammable gas generation

• Dust layer ignition

• Minimum ignition temperature

• Minimum explosible concentration

• Minimum ignition energy

• Powder resistivity/charge decay

• Limiting oxygen concentration

• Diffusion cell test

Explosion protection

The following tests provide quantitative data for the design of explosion protection measures.

• Maximum explosion pressure

• Rate of pressure rise

• Kst and St. Classification.

Consultancy As a member of BSI Committee FSH/23, which covers dust explosion testing standards, FRS can provide advice on existing and forthcoming European and International testing

standards. We also offer a range of consultancy services to the process industry covering:

• Incident investigation

• Safety audits

• HAZOP

• Advice on the ATEX Directives

• Staff training in fire & explosion hazard awareness

• Expert witness

• Hazardous area classification

BRE, Garston, Watford

BRE Scotland

Hertfordshire WD25 9XX

Kelvin Road

T

01923 664000

East Kilbride

F

01923 664010

Glasgow G75 0RZ

E-mail: enquiries@bre.co.uk

T

01355 576200

www.bre.co.uk

F

01355 576210

Incorpor ating In association with ABI & Lloyd’s LPC
Incorpor ating In association with ABI & Lloyd’s LPC

Incorporating

In association with ABI & Lloyd’s

LPC

BRE, Garston, Watford

BRE Scotland

Hertfordshire WD25 9XX

Kelvin Road

T

01923 664000

East Kilbride

F

01923 664010

Glasgow G75 0RZ

E-mail: enquiries@bre.co.uk

T

01355 576200

www.bre.co.uk

F

01355 576210

Fire hazards of bulk powder handling

Fires can occur under a number of circumstances during the processing and bulk storage of powders:

• Self-heating in the bulk storage of materials.

• Accumulations of hot material, for example in dryers, where the heat generated within the material may exceed heat lost to the surroundings.

• Layers of dusts on hot surfaces.

FRS has extensive experience in advising on the most suitable

tests required to assess the potential hazard and the application

of the results to practical applications.

Self-heating bulk powder tests Self-heating leading to apparently spontaneous combustion is the process of ignition and combustion in a body of material without the intervention of an external ignition source

• Screening test - a quick test used to determine if the material poses a self-heating hazard.

• Isothermal test - used to determine the critical ignition temperature of a material, from a series of tests at different oven temperatures and basket sizes.

• Aerated cell test - used to assess the ignition properties of bulk material collected in dryers.

Powder layer tests Where the hazard under consideration is related to the accumulation of material on hot-surfaces, or inside dryers isothermal tests can be carried out on layers of material.

• Hot-plate layer ignition test

• Aerated powder layer test

For further information contact FRS on:

T

+44 (0)1923 664700

F

+44 (0)1923 664910

E

frsenquiries@bre.co.uk

Incorpor ating In association with ABI & Lloyd’s LPC
Incorpor ating In association with ABI & Lloyd’s LPC

Incorporating

In association with ABI & Lloyd’s

LPC