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Effective Learning
Strategies

Effective Learning Strategies

The Learning Process


People tend to learn something totally new by first getting the general idea in their
minds and then filling in the details.

Here are some learning and memory techniques


that will help with the process.

Effective Learning Strategies

Learning Strategies

Divide
Outline

Vary

Engage

Incubate

Revise

Effective Learning Strategies

Outline
An outline of a topic gives people a framework on which they
can add details to get a picture of what they are learning
Scenes in movies and
TV often show a long
shot before they zoom
into the close ups.

If you ask someone to draw


a house, they will usually
draw the walls and roof
before they fill in details like
doors and windows

Textbooks, articles
and essays usually
start with an
introductory overview

Effective Learning Strategies

Outline
When reading, writing, explaining and in exams, order your
information from the general to the detailed
When researching a new topic:
Dictionaries,
Encyclopedias
(if needed)

Specialised
Books

Text Books

Journal Articles

When reading academic writing:


Look at all
the headings,
subheadings

Look at all
the pictures
and captions

Read the first


and last
paragraphs

Read first
sentence of
each
paragraph

Read the
whole text

When structuring assignments and answers to exam questions:


Introduction
Body
Conclusion
gives thesis
paragraphs
repeats the
and overview
give details
overview

Effective Learning Strategies

Divide
Make study tasks more manageable by dividing them up into a
series of smaller tasks
How do you eat something the
size of an elephant?
One bite at a time.

Divide your study


time into chunks
of about 50
minutes and take
a break every
hour.

Break up your
assignment into
smaller tasks and
focus on each
task one at a time

Effective Learning Strategies

Focus on one
paragraph at a
time when writing
your assignments

Dont try to
read everything at one
time. Break
up your
reading into
articles or
chapters or
even parts
of these

Vary
People are more alert to changes in their environment and
tend to lose concentration when things remain the same.
We often only become aware a
cricket is chirping when it stops

The human brain is more


able to pick up variations
between things than be
able to judge if something
is right without comparing.
Many people cant judge if two
shades of pink are the same
until they try them on together

Effective Learning Strategies

Lines that are crooked become


apparent only when seen in
comparison with other lines
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Vary
We can concentrate better if we vary our study tasks regularly.
Change study tasks every hour or so. Alternate tasks that require
intense concentration with more routine tasks. Intersperse study with
physical and leisure activities.
Reading
Having
Coffee

Thinking
Relaxing
Writing Notes

Finding
Resources

Writing

Effective Learning Strategies

Organising
Files

Exercising

Incubate
We learn more if we give our brains time to process

The solution to a problem


often appears if you
leave it and focus on
something else.

Effective Learning Strategies

Leave your assignment


draft overnight. You will
see corrections you did
not notice before

If you have a reading that is


difficult to follow, reread it
the next day. It will be
clearer then.
It is the same with maths
problems.

Revise
The more we revise the more we remember

Review your lecture


notes on the same day or
the day following the
lecture. Summarise your
lecture notes for each
week. Reread these
throughout semester.
Make notes on your
readings. Reread the
notes a week later and
again before exams.

Effective Learning Strategies

Use the little bits of time on the bus,


between lectures or waiting for
someone, to quickly review one set
of notes.
10

Engage
Learning involves attention and concentration
Dont just read do something
with the information

Study Actively

U
Underline

Highlight

Rewrite
Map
Effective Learning Strategies

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Learning Strategies
These strategies work
together. For example:
Incubation occurs
when you vary your
tasks
Revising is easier if
you divide it up into
manageable chunks
Engagement is easier
in short bursts. Divide
tasks and vary between
concentrated and routine
tasks

Effective Learning Strategies

Divide
Outline

Vary

Engage

Incubate

Revise

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Reference List (in order of appearance)


PAGES 1-7
mobilevirgin, 'Zebras', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mobilevirgin/316570798/, ed, 2006, zebras.
Patrick Mayon, 'silhouette', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/patrickmayon/304585873/, ed, 2006, silhouette of bird flying
TheLizardQueen, 'Big 5 - Elephant', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/lizard_queen/114587853/, ed, 2006, elephant in the wild
Laszlo Ilyes, 'Variety~', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/laszlo-photo/3943097052/, ed, 2009, piles of spices
gdiproductions, 'Least Tern chick with Egg', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/44554458@N07/4097442408/, ed, 2009, chick with
egg on beach surrounded by shells
JoongDal, 'R2 meets repeating flash', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/joongdal/3297797667/, ed, 2009, multiple photos of R2D2
figure.
Windell Oskay, 'Magnet Toys -1', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/oskay/197915236/, ed, 2006, magnet construction toy
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Julian Robinson, 'the Loneliness of the Long distance Cyclist', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ozjulian/2460263055/, ed, 2008,
long road with cyclist in the distance
daybeezho, 'That's the time I love the best', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/daybeezho/3219180710/, ed, 2009, coloured clock
face w/roman numerals.
Pablo, 'Nevermore!' In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/lordferguson/1561320157/, ed, 2007, Pencil, calculator, notes, highlighter,
pen.
Wim Mulder, 'Writing to reach you', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/wimmulder/15653748/, ed, 2005, holding a pen.
Leo Reynolds, 'pile of books ', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/lwr/4077733692/, ed, 2009, pile of books
kenjonbro, 'Cricket (Leptophyes Punctatissima)', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/kenjonbro/2787428116/, ed, 2008, closeup of a
cricket
Jackknife Barlow, 'Headshot (Age 18)', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/stringbot/2717641594/, ed, 2008, Man in clashing shirt and
tie
woupa02, 'The Crooked House ', http://www.flickr.com/photos/10727183@N07/2459389505/, 2008, little house built crookedly

Effective Learning Strategies

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Reference List (in order of appearance)


PAGES 8-12
Kaitlyn, 'Day 178 - 7-26-09', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/kaitastrophic/3760236898/, ed, 2009, A student reads a book lying in bed.
Elsie Escobar, 'supported legs up on the wall pose', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/everydayelsie/406504707/, ed, 2007, person in inverted
yoga pose.
Brian Hillegas, 'Close up of The Thinker ', In: 502255276_49925090d6_o.jpg, ed, 2007, Head and shoulders of Rodin's The Thinker
'student1', In: http://www.registry.ed.ac.uk/Fees/images/student1.JPG, ed, student using a computer.
Ahmed Rabea, 'Love Coffee', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ahmedrabea/274197870/, ed, 2006, A cup of coffee with heart of foam.
Esther Simpson, 'files', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/estherase/52172823/, ed, 2005, pile of coloured manila folders.
Andrew Spratley, 'Rugby', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/aspratley/3487469138/, ed, 2009, Two men in a rugby tackle.
Juan Manuel, 'He has no choice', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/jaunis/2524135545/, ed, 2008, A man with his back turned, clasping his head.
Nic McPhee, 'Editing a paper - 27', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/nics_events/2349631689/, ed, 2008, Fountain pen on edited page
'Student 20reading', In: Student%20reading.jpg, ed, student reading in library see through shelves.
hexodus, 'Civil Procedure Exam about to be Sent to Hell', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/dsnet/4184876015/, ed, 2009, Law books sitting on
pages of notes
QUT, 'Reviewing', In: reviewing.jpg, ed, 2009, A graph showing percentage remembered over time with or without review.
Anders Sandberg, 'Threat refuted', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/arenamontanus/2581472438/, ed, 2008, lecturer addresses class with
whiteboard.
H_is_for_Home, 'Vintage purple 1970s twin bell Westclox alarm clock', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/h_is_for_home/2460111952/, ed, 2008,
A purple alarm clock.
Michael, 'Hypergeometric', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/pictoral/2377836517/, ed, 2008, Student studying his notes.
Karin Dalziel, 'Can't erase the highlighting in Zotero', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/nirak/772741433/, ed, 2007, Screen capture of highlighted
text.
dplastino, 'WU MING - Mind Map', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/marea/4035666628/, ed, 2009, A multi-coloured concept map.
Nick Aldwin, 'Tools of Evil', In: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ninja999/2191121767/, ed, 2008, pencil, eraser, page of maths workings.

Effective Learning Strategies

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