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EMBEDDED GPS BASED VEHICLE TRACKING

SYSTEM.
Abstract:
The Global Positioning System is usually called as GPS. The NAVSTAR
GPS (Navigation Signal Timing and Ranging Global Positioning System) is a collection of
Satellites, which monitors the Longitude and Longitudes of a particular position.
GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) is an open, digital
cellular technology used for transmitting mobile voice and data services. Here we are using it only
for transmitting and receiving the messages. GSM wireless data module is used for remote
wireless applications, machine to machine or user to machine and remote data communications
in many applications.
The GSM and GPS modules can be serially interfaced to the
microcontroller which has UART. Both the modules are connected to MAX232 through a relay for
switching alternatively.

Initially the GPS continuously takes the data from the satellite and stores
the latitude and longitudinal positions in microcontrollers buffer. If we want to know the path of
the vehicle we need to send a message to the GSM which gets activated by receiving our
message. At the same instant the GPS gets deactivated with the help of relay. As soon as the
GSM gets activated it takes the last received latitude and longitude positions from the buffer and
sends a message to the particular number which is executed in the program. After the message
has been sent to the user the GSM gets deactivated and similarly the GPS gets activated. This is
a cyclic process.
The applications for this project are in military, Navigation, Automobiles,
Aircrafts fleet management, remote vending, remote monitoring, remote control, security systems,
tele-services, etc.

Software:
KEIL UV2 IDE tool

Functionality of all above components


Embedded C programming

Hardware:

AT89S52
LCD
GPS MODULE
GSM MODULE
RS232
MAX232
RELAY

Block Diagram:

For Block diagram and full


project contact
Info@lorventechnologies.co.in or
lorventechnologies.Hyd@gmail.co
m
MOBILE

Embedded GPS Based Vehicle Tracking System projects main idea is to develop a
application which can help to track distance, traffic and position. This application works
on GPS and GSM technologies.

A typical GPS receiver calculates its position using the signals from four or more GPS
satellites. Four satellites are needed since the process needs a very accurate local time,
more accurate than any normal clock can provide, so the receiver internally solves for
time as well as position.
Initially the GPS continuously takes the data from the satellite and stores the latitude and
longitudinal positions in microcontrollers buffer. If we want to know the path of the
vehicle we need to send a message to the GSM which gets activated by receiving our
message. At the same instant the GPS gets deactivated with the help of relay. As soon as
the GSM gets activated it takes the last received latitude and longitude positions from the
buffer and sends a message to the particular number which is executed in the program.
After the message has been sent to the user the GSM gets deactivated and similarly the
GPS gets activated. This is a cyclic process.
Software:
KEIL UV2 IDE tool
Functionality of all above components
Embedded C programming
Hardware:
AT89S52
LCD
GPS MODULE
GSM MODULE
RS232
MAX232
RELAY