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About the Media Charge_Trajectories Spreadsheet ...

Scope :
The Media Charge_Trajectories spreadsheet was designed to simulate the outermost trajectory of a given ball inside a
tumbling grinding mill, in order to study the potential effects of various changes in liner design, ball size and other relevant
operating conditions. Although not intended to provide an accurate description of the whole charge of balls inside the mill, it
does provide a fairly accurate representation of the most critical outer trajectory of a single ball (at least critical for
liners and balls performance considerations) being lifted and thrown in free fall back down to the charge.
Theoretical Framework :
The simulation algorithm employed was first proposed by M. S. Powell ("The effect of liner design on the motion of the
outer grinding elements in a rotary mill", Int. J. Min. Proc. 31 (1991), p.163-193) and has been incorporated to Moly-Cop
Tools thanks to a special contribution by Alvaro Videla L., while consulting for Moly-Cop Chile S. A., a fully owned GS
Industries subsidiary.
In view of the mathematical complexity of the algorithm in reference, interested parties are therefore referred to the original
publication indicated above.
Data Input :
All data required by the calculation routine must be defined in each corresponding unprotected white background cell of
the here attached Trayectoria worksheet. Gray background cells contain the results of the corresponding formulas there
defined and are protected to avoid any accidental editing.
It is very important to remember that the displayed simulation results are valid only after clicking - at least once - on the
Execute button.

Moly-Cop Tools / 299351550.xls

12/28/2015 / 19:26:00

gned to simulate the outermost trajectory of a given ball inside a


cts of various changes in liner design, ball size and other relevant
n accurate description of the whole charge of balls inside the mill, it
t critical outer trajectory of a single ball (at least critical for
and thrown in free fall back down to the charge.

y M. S. Powell ("The effect of liner design on the motion of the


. 31 (1991), p.163-193) and has been incorporated to Moly-Cop
L., while consulting for Moly-Cop Chile S. A., a fully owned GS

n reference, interested parties are therefore referred to the original

ed in each corresponding unprotected white background cell of


ound cells contain the results of the corresponding formulas there
g.

ation results are valid only after clicking - at least once - on the

Moly-Cop Tools / 299351550.xls

12/28/2015 / 19:26:00

Moly-Cop Tools

TM

Run N :
Simulation Data :

25.0

20.0

15.0

10.0

5.0

-25.00

-20.00

-15.00

-10.00

-5.00

0.0
0.00

5.00

10.00

15.00

20.00

-5.0

25.00

Effective Mill Diameter


Ball Size

35.0 feet
5.0 inches

Static Friction Coefficient


Dynamic Friction Coefficient

0.05
0.2

Lifter Face Angle


Lifter Height
% Critical Speed

12.0 degrees
8.0 inches
76.0 %

Apparent Mill Filling


Angle of Repose,

28.0 %
35.0 degrees

Always
Always click
click on
on the
the Execute
Execute button
button
before
before drawing
drawing any
any conclusions.
conclusions.

-10.0

Impact Conditions :
-15.0

-20.0

-25.0

Velocity at Impact
Angle wrt Horizontal (at Impact)
Kidney's Toe (from central axis)
Impact Spot (from central axis)

44.17 feet/sec
45.60 degrees
-9.75 feet
-12.10 feet

Developed by Alvaro Videla L. (Consultant to Moly-Cop Chile S. A.)

Moly-Cop Tools / 299351550.xls

12/28/2015 / 19:26:00

Datos
Angulo de Ataque
Porcentaje Velocidad Crtica
Dimetro del molino
Dimetro de la bola
Coeficiente de friccin esttico
Coeficiente de roce cintico
Altura del lifter

0.21
76
35
5
0.05
0.2
8

radianes
%
pies
pulgadas

12 grados

pulgadas

Clculo de la velocidad crtica


Velocidad Crtica

13.03 rpm

1.36 rad/seg

Clculo del ngulo de despegue


0

0.20 radianes

S0

16.95 pies
3.43 pies
0.21 rad

SL

16.78 pies

11.44 grados

12.15 grados

0.20 rad
1.04 rad/seg

0.66 radianes

37.72 grados

0.46 radianes

26.28 grados

Rodado
Funcin Objetivo

0.000000

tiempo
tfin rodado)

0.126 seg

S(tinicio deslizamiento)

16.93 pies

V(tinicio deslizamiento)

0.79 rad
-0.276 pies/seg

Deslizamiento
tiempo ()

0.280 seg

SL()

16.78 pies

VL()

-1.140 pies/seg

0.586

0.586

45.20 grados

L)

1.08 rad

Funcin objetivo

61.86 grados

0.00000

16.78

16.78

Trayectoria
L

0.88 rad

rL

17.13 pies

VyL
VxL

50.31 grados

10.336 pies/seg
-14.20 pies/seg

tmax

1.62 seg

x
-12.10

Vy al impacto con la carcaza

-41.82 pies/seg

Vx al impacto con la carcaza

-14.20 pies/seg

angulo al impacto con la carcaza

0.80 rad

tiempo
0
0.08
0.16
0.24
0.32
0.41
0.49
0.57
0.65
0.73
0.81
0.89
0.97
1.05
1.14
1.22
1.30
1.38
1.46
1.54
1.62

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

y
-12.36

45.604 grados

x
10.94
9.79
8.64
7.48
6.33
5.18
4.03
2.88
1.72
0.57
-0.58
-1.73
-2.88
-4.03
-5.19
-6.34
-7.49
-8.64
-9.79
-10.95
-12.10

y
13.18
13.91
14.43
14.74
14.84
14.73
14.40
13.87
13.12
12.16
10.99
9.61
8.01
6.21
4.19
1.96
-0.48
-3.13
-5.99
-9.07
-12.36

Molino
x

x'
0

y
0.00

y'
17.5

-17.5

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

0.88
1.75
2.63
3.50
4.38
5.25
6.13
7.00
7.88
8.75
9.63
10.50
11.38
12.25
13.13
14.00
14.88
15.75
16.63
17.50

-0.88
-1.75
-2.63
-3.50
-4.38
-5.25
-6.13
-7.00
-7.88
-8.75
-9.63
-10.50
-11.38
-12.25
-13.13
-14.00
-14.88
-15.75
-16.63
-17.50

17.5
17.4
17.3
17.1
16.9
16.7
16.4
16.0
15.6
15.2
14.6
14.0
13.3
12.5
11.6
10.5
9.2
7.6
5.5
0.0

-17.5
-17.4
-17.3
-17.1
-16.9
-16.7
-16.4
-16.0
-15.6
-15.2
-14.6
-14.0
-13.3
-12.5
-11.6
-10.5
-9.2
-7.6
-5.5
0.0

Llenado del Molino


Nivel de Llenado
Angulo del rin

0.28
35 grados

0.61 rad

0.96 rad
0.25 rad
x

55 grados
14.32 grados
y

16.75
-9.75

4.28
-14.28

Punto de Interseccin con trayectoria


y*
x*
t*

-16.98
-13.61

-16.98
-13.61

1.73

Vy
Vx

-45.24 pies/seg

Vyen punto de impacto

-41.82 pies/seg

Vxen punto de imapcto

-14.20 pies/seg

punto de imapcto

angulo de impacto

Func. Objetivo
1.728417

-14.20 pies/seg
0.90 rad

51.3 grados

44.17 pies/seg
0.80 rad

45.6 grados

Clculo de condicin de Anulacin de Fuerza Normal.


mx

1.46 rad

83.42 grados

9.32

1.01

8.85

-8.50644422

1.04257214

-12.9295061932

11.67

0.11

0.2948841579 0.471627383 0.881797943

referencia circunferencia
299.00
299.00

Funcin Objetivo
1.62

referencia
0.88

y
0

-12.10

-12.36

igualdad

Funcin Objetivo
0.88
0.00000