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Unit

5 Trigonometric Ratios
5.5 Trig Identities

Date:

Homework: Pages 310-311: {5, 7, 8} (every other), 11, 12




Extra Practice #1-14

Learning Objectives/Success Criteria: At the end of this lesson I will be able to:
Identify trig identities as a result of a definition or derived from relationships
Prove a given trig identity by showing LS and RS equivalency using different strategies
Identities: are mathematical statements that are true for all values of a given variable. If the identity involves
fractions, the denominator cannot be zero. Any restrictions on a variable must be stated.

Strategies:
Simplify or manipulate each side to get the same expression
Rewrite all trig ratios in terms of x, y and r
Rewrite all expressions involving tangent and the reciprocal trig ratios in terms of sine and cosine
Apply the Pythagorean identity where appropriate
Use a common denominator or factor as required

Examples:
cos
1. Prove the quotient identity cot =
for all angles , where 00 3600 .
sin
2. Prove the Pythagorean identity sin2 +cos2 = 1 for all angles , where 00 3600 .
3. Prove the Pythagorean identity 1+ tan2 = sec2 for all angles , where 00 3600 .
4. Prove csc2 1 = csc2 cos2
5. Prove

cos
cos
+
= 2sec
1+sin 1sin


Summary:
Identities Based on Definitions
Reciprocal Identities















Identities Based on Relationships


Quotient Identities
Pythagorean Identities

Extra Practice Prove each of the following identities:



1. (sinx cosx)(sinx +cosx)= 2sin2 x 1
2. cos2 x cos4 x = cos2 xsin2 x
3.

(1cos x)(1+ tan x) = tan x

4.

cos2 x
1+sinx
=

2
1+2sinx 3sin x 1+3sinx

5.

sinx + tanx
= tanx
cosx +1

6.

tanx
sinx
=

1+ tanx sinx +cosx

7. (2sinx +3cosx)2 +(3sinx 2cosx)2 = 13


8.

2sin2 x 1
= tanx cot x
sinxcosx

9.

1+cos(x +3600 )
1+sec x

=
1cosx
sec(x +3600 )1

cos(x +3600 )= cosx

1
tan
= sec2
10.

1+sin
cos
11. sin4 cos4 = 12cos2
12.

cot
cot
+
= 2sec
csc 1 csc+1

13.

tan
tan
2sincos
4
+
=


2
sec 1 sec+1 cos 1cos 2sincos

14. 1

Hint: cos(x + y)= cosxcosy +sinxsiny or

sin2 x
cos2 x

= sinxcosx
1+cot x 1+ tanx